CHAPTER 556a

WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT

Table of Contents

Sec. 31-11l. Definitions.

Sec. 31-11m. Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act funds.

Sec. 31-11n. Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act funds allocated to regional workforce development boards. Limitations.

Sec. 31-11o. Connecticut Employment and Training Commission to act as state-wide workforce development board.

Sec. 31-11p. Development of workforce development plan. Required contents.

Sec. 31-11q. Submission of comprehensive state performance measures developed by Connecticut Employment and Training Commission to General Assembly.

Sec. 31-11r. Submission of workforce development plan to Governor; prior General Assembly approval. Submission of plan by Governor to United States Secretary of Labor. Requests for waiver.

Sec. 31-11s. Connecticut Employment and Training Commission recommendations re appropriation of Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act funds.

Sec. 31-11t. Criteria for evaluation of funded programs: Connecticut Employment and Training Commission responsibilities.

Sec. 31-11u. Continuation of other education, employment or job training programs or contracts.

Secs. 31-11v and 31-11w. Reserved

Sec. 31-11x. Comprehensive job training and related services, grants for. Definitions. Regulations.

Secs. 31-11y and 31-11z. Reserved

Sec. 31-11aa. Information technology workforce development plan.

Secs. 31-11bb to 31-11ee. Adult Literacy Leadership Board: Definitions. Members. Duties and responsibilities; report and report card. Strategic plan.

Sec. 31-11ff. State-wide plan for implementing, expanding or improving upon career certificate programs, middle college programs, early college high school programs and Connecticut Early College Opportunity programs.

Sec. 31-11gg. Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act substituted for Workforce Investment Act.

Sec. 31-11hh. Definitions.

Sec. 31-11ii. Development of Workforce Training Authority. Members. Duties and responsibilities.

Sec. 31-11jj. Workforce Training Authority Fund.

Sec. 31-11kk. Working group to review business support services. Representatives.

Sec. 31-11ll. Development and implementation of universal intake form. Reporting use of form.

Sec. 31-11mm. Requests for proposals for development and implementation of soft skills program.

Secs. 31-11nn to 31-11qq. Reserved

Sec. 31-11rr. Apprenticeship Connecticut initiative.


Sec. 31-11l. Definitions. As used in this section, sections 31-3h, 31-3i, 31-3k and 31-3l and sections 31-11m to 31-11u, inclusive:

(1) “At-risk worker” means a worker who may lose employment due to factors including, but not limited to, an announced layoff, business shut-down or relocation, a new job skill requirement for which the worker is not trained, a change or reduction in wages, hours or benefits such that the worker must seek other employment in order to meet the self-sufficiency measurement calculated by the Office of Policy and Management pursuant to section 4-66e or a change or reduction in available transportation such that the worker is forced to seek new employment.

(2) “Customized job training” means training (A) that is designed to meet the special requirements of an employer, including a group of employers, (B) that is conducted with a commitment by the employer to employ an individual upon successful completion of the training, and (C) for which the employer pays not less than fifty per cent of the cost of the training.

(3) “Dislocated worker” means an individual who:

(A) (i) Has been terminated or laid off, or has received a notice of termination or layoff, from employment; (ii) is eligible for or has exhausted entitlement to unemployment compensation, or has been employed for a duration sufficient to demonstrate, to the appropriate entity at a one-stop center referred to in Section 134(c) of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, attachment to the workforce, but is not eligible for unemployment compensation due to insufficient earnings or having performed services for an employer that were not covered under chapter 567; or (iii) is unlikely to return to a previous industry or occupation;

(B) (i) Has been terminated or laid off, or has received a notice of termination or layoff, from employment as a result of any permanent closure of, or any substantial layoff at, a plant, facility or enterprise; (ii) is employed at a facility at which the employer has made a general announcement that such facility will close within one hundred eighty days; or (iii) for purposes of eligibility to receive services, other than training services described in subdivision (14) of subsection (b) of section 31-11p, intensive services described in subdivision (13) of subsection (b) of said section, or supportive services, is employed at a facility at which the employer has made a general announcement that such facility will close;

(C) Was self-employed, including employment as a farmer, rancher or fisherman, but is unemployed as a result of general economic conditions in the community in which the individual resides or because of natural disasters; or

(D) Is a displaced homemaker.

(4) “Displaced homemaker” means an individual who has been providing unpaid services to family members in the home and who (A) has been dependent on the income of another family member, but is no longer supported by that income; and (B) is unemployed or underemployed and is experiencing difficulty in obtaining or upgrading employment.

(5) “Eligible provider” means:

(A) With respect to training services, a provider who is identified in accordance with Section 122(e)(3) of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended;

(B) With respect to intensive services, a provider who is identified or awarded a contract as described in Section 134(d)(3)(B) of said act;

(C) With respect to youth activities, a provider who is awarded a grant or contract in accordance with Section 123 of said act;

(D) With respect to other workforce investment activities, a public or private entity selected to be responsible for such activities, such as a one-stop operator designated or certified under Section 121(d) of said act.

(6) “Incumbent worker” means an individual who is employed, but who is in need of additional skills, training or education in order to upgrade employment.

(7) “On-the-job training” means training by an employer that is provided to a paid participant while engaged in productive work in a job that (A) provides knowledge or skills essential to the full and adequate performance of the job; (B) provides reimbursement to the employer of up to fifty per cent of the wage rate of the participant, for the extraordinary costs of providing the training and additional supervision related to the training; and (C) is limited in duration as appropriate to the occupation for which the participant is being trained, taking into account the content of the training, the prior work experience of the participant and the service strategy of the participant, as appropriate.

(8) “Participant” means an individual who has been determined to be eligible to participate in and who is receiving services, except follow-up services authorized under Title I of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, under a program authorized by said title and sections 31-3h and 31-3i, subsection (b) of section 31-3k, section 31-3l, this section and sections 31-11m to 31-11u, inclusive. Participation shall be deemed to commence on the first day, following determination of eligibility, on which the individual begins receiving subsidized employment, training or other services provided under said title and said sections.

(9) “Supportive services” means services such as transportation, child care, dependent care, and needs-related payments, that are necessary to enable an individual to participate in activities authorized under Title I of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, consistent with the provisions of said title.

(10) “Underemployed worker” means a worker whose education and skill level limit such worker's earning capacity to an hourly wage below one hundred per cent of the self-sufficiency measurement calculated by the Office of Policy and Management pursuant to section 4-66e.

(P.A. 99-195, S. 1, 15; P.A. 16-169, S. 24.)

History: P.A. 99-195 effective June 23, 1999; pursuant to P.A. 16-169, “Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128”.

Sec. 31-11m. Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act funds. (a) All funds received by the state of Connecticut under the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, shall be deposited into the General Fund.

(b) (1) Funds reserved for state-wide investment activities by the state of Connecticut from the amounts allotted to the state under Sections 127(b)(1)(C), 132(b)(1)(B) and 132(b)(2)(B) of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, shall be consistent with the provisions of Section 128(a) of said act.

(2) Such reserved funds may be used only to carry out state-wide youth activities described in Section 129(b) of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, or state-wide employment and training activities, for adults or for dislocated workers, described in Section 134(a)(2)(B) or Section 134(a)(3) of said act, provided such use is consistent with the Connecticut workforce development plan developed by the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission under section 31-11p. The percentage of such reserved funds that are used for administrative costs shall be consistent with the provisions of Section 134(a)(3)(B) of said act. For purposes of this subdivision and subdivision (3) of this subsection, “administrative costs” has the same meaning as in 20 CFR Part 667, Subpart B.

(P.A. 99-195, S. 6, 15; P.A. 16-169, S. 24.)

History: P.A. 99-195 effective June 23, 1999; pursuant to P.A. 16-169, “Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128”.

Sec. 31-11n. Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act funds allocated to regional workforce development boards. Limitations. (a) Funds allocated to each regional workforce development board under the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, shall be reserved by such board, in a manner consistent with the provisions of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, to fund comprehensive job training and related services or related job opportunities programs administered by eligible providers, including, but not limited to, opportunities industrialization centers and community action programs, as defined in section 17b-885, within such board's region.

(b) Funds reserved for administrative costs by a regional workforce development board shall be consistent with the provisions of Section 128(b)(4) of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended.

(P.A. 99-195, S. 7, 15; P.A. 16-169, S. 24.)

History: P.A. 99-195 effective June 23, 1999; pursuant to P.A. 16-169, “Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128”.

Sec. 31-11o. Connecticut Employment and Training Commission to act as state-wide workforce development board. The Connecticut Employment and Training Commission established under section 31-3h is hereby recognized as the state-wide workforce development board for purposes of complying with the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended.

(P.A. 99-195, S. 8, 15; P.A. 16-169, S. 24.)

History: P.A. 99-195 effective June 23, 1999; pursuant to P.A. 16-169, “Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128”.

Sec. 31-11p. Development of workforce development plan. Required contents. (a) The Connecticut Employment and Training Commission, in consultation with the regional workforce development boards, shall develop a single Connecticut workforce development plan that outlines a five-year strategy for the state of Connecticut's workforce development system and meets the requirements of Sections 111 and 112 of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended. Said plan shall serve as a framework for the development of public policy, fiscal investment and operation of workforce education and job training programs and shall constitute the single state plan for purposes of Section 112 of said act. The Connecticut Employment and Training Commission, in consultation with the regional workforce development boards, shall update said plan at least once every five years.

(b) The plan shall, at a minimum, include:

(1) Long-term goals for the state's workforce development system. Such goals shall include local control of service delivery, one-stop delivery of services, individual choice for individuals served by the system, accountability for provider performance, coordination of workforce development activities integrating state and federal resources and the establishment of ties between funding and actual participation in training activities;

(2) Short-term goals, benchmarks and performance measures that the state will use to measure its progress towards meeting the long-term goals identified in subdivision (1) of this subsection;

(3) Identification of the role each institution, entity, organization and program plays in the state-wide workforce development system;

(4) Ways to improve access to public and certified nonpublic postsecondary educational institutions;

(5) A strategy for assessing unmet workforce preparation needs;

(6) A description of comprehensive performance measures to ensure coordination and eliminate duplication of services;

(7) A strategy for assessing types of jobs for which there are shortages of available qualified workers and the geographical concentration of unmet workforce needs in this state;

(8) A strategy for maximizing or redirecting funding to deliver services more effectively to meet the state's workforce development needs;

(9) A provision stating that the members of the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission and the regional workforce development boards shall comply with state ethics laws and the applicable provisions of Sections 111(f) and 117(g) of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended;

(10) A provision stating that the Labor Commissioner and the Commissioners of Social Services and Education shall develop a coordinated program of referring workforce development participants to supportive services, including, but not limited to, transportation and child care services for eligible participants of workforce activities. Such program shall include a requirement that each regional workforce development board submit an annual report to the commission on or before January 31, 2000, and each January thirty-first thereafter detailing such board's plan for coordinating such supportive services;

(11) A description of the state of Connecticut's proposed one-stop delivery system, which shall be consistent with the provisions of Section 134(c) of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, and shall include a description of the following components: (A) A uniform individual training accounts voucher system which shall be used by the regional workforce development boards to pay for training of eligible workers by eligible providers and which shall include a reporting system that ties funding to actual participation in training programs, (B) the core services, as identified in subdivision (12) of this subsection, which shall be available to adults or dislocated workers, including exemptions from core services, (C) the intensive services, as identified in subdivision (13) of this subsection, which shall be available to adults or dislocated workers who have received the maximum amount of core services but were unable to obtain employment through such core services, including prerequisites for obtaining such intensive services and exemptions from such prerequisites, and (D) the training services, as identified in subdivision (14) of this subsection, which shall be available to adults or dislocated workers who have received intensive services, but were unable to obtain unsubsidized employment through such intensive services, including prerequisites for obtaining such training services and exemptions from such prerequisites;

(12) Identification of core services available under the one-stop delivery system, which shall, at a minimum, include: (A) Determination of whether individuals are eligible to receive assistance under Subtitle B of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended; (B) outreach, intake and orientation to the information and other services available through the one-stop delivery system; (C) a uniform assessment procedure for screening adults and dislocated workers which shall include, but not be limited to, initial assessment of skill levels, aptitudes, abilities, supportive service needs and for application of the self-sufficiency measurement developed in accordance with the provisions of section 4-66e; (D) job search and placement assistance and, where appropriate, career counseling; (E) provision of (i) employment statistics information, including the provision of accurate information concerning local, regional and national labor market areas, including job vacancy listings in such labor market areas, information on job skills necessary to obtain such vacant jobs and information relating to local occupations in demand and the earnings and skill requirements for such occupations; (ii) provider performance information and program cost information on eligible providers of training services, as described in Section 122 of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, provided by program, and eligible providers of youth activities described in Section 123 of said act, eligible providers of adult education described in Title II of said act, providers of postsecondary vocational education activities and vocational education activities, which shall include, but not be limited to, preapprentice programs available through, but not limited to, the Technical Education and Career System, available to school dropouts under the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act, 20 USC 2301, et seq., and providers of vocational rehabilitation program activities described in Title I of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 29 USC 720, et seq.; (iii) information regarding how the local area is performing on the local performance measures and any additional performance information with respect to the one-stop delivery system in the local area; (iv) accurate information concerning the availability of supportive services, including child care and transportation, available through the local area and referral to such services, as appropriate; (v) information regarding filing claims for unemployment compensation under chapter 567; (F) assistance in establishing eligibility for programs of financial aid assistance for training and education programs that are not funded under said act and are available through the local area; (G) follow-up services, including counseling regarding the workplace, for participants in workforce investment activities authorized under Subtitle B of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, who are placed in unsubsidized employment, for not less than twelve months after the first day of the employment, as appropriate; and (H) assistance in establishing eligibility for authorized activities under Section 403(a)(5) of the Social Security Act, as added by Section 5001 of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, available in the local area. For purposes of this subdivision, “local area” refers to an area designated as such pursuant to Section 116 of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended;

(13) Identification of intensive services available under the one-stop delivery system, which services may include (A) comprehensive and specialized assessments of the skill levels and service needs of adults and dislocated workers, which may include diagnostic testing, use of special education planning and placement teams and use of other assessment tools and in-depth interviewing and evaluation to identify employment barriers and appropriate employment goals; (B) development of an individual employment plan to identify the employment goals, appropriate achievement objectives and appropriate combination of services for the participant to achieve the employment goals; (C) group counseling; (D) individual counseling and career planning; (E) case management for participants seeking training services authorized under the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended; and (F) short-term prevocational services, including development of learning skills, communication skills, interviewing skills, punctuality, personal maintenance skills and professional conduct, to prepare individuals for unsubsidized employment or training;

(14) Identification of training services authorized under the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, that are available under the one-stop delivery system, which services may include a combination of occupational skills training, including training for nontraditional employment, on-the-job training, programs that combine workplace training with related instruction, which may include cooperative education programs, training programs operated by the private sector, skill upgrading and retraining, entrepreneurial training, job readiness training, adult education and literacy activities and customized job training conducted with a commitment by an employer or group of employers to employ an individual upon successful completion of the training;

(15) Development of a uniform system of identifying and certifying eligible providers of the training services described in subdivision (13) of this subsection, which system shall (A) incorporate each of the requirements of Section 122 of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, and (B) be used by each regional workforce development board in selecting an eligible provider of training services;

(16) A strategy for the establishment of (A) regional youth councils by the regional workforce development boards, which regional youth councils shall (i) recommend eligible providers of youth activities to the council and conduct oversight of eligible providers of youth activities; (ii) in cooperation with local boards of education, identify available programs and activities to assist youths in completing education programs; (iii) identify available programs and activities to assist youths in securing and preserving employment; and (iv) coordinate youth activities with Job Corps services, coordinate youth activities authorized under the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, and improve the connection between court-involved youths and the state labor market; and (B) criteria for selection of regional youth council members and awarding youth program grants for state-wide youth activities described in Section 129(b) of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended;

(17) Development of a program to provide job readiness and job search training to unemployed and underemployed noncustodial parents no later than July 1, 2000;

(18) Development of a career pathways program to link alternative education programs to regional community-technical colleges and work-related learning no later than October 1, 2000; and

(19) Any other provisions required to be included in the plan under Sections 111 and 112 of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended.

(c) The Governor may submit modifications to the single Connecticut workforce development plan approved by the United States Secretary of Labor as necessary during the five-year period covered by the plan, with the advice and assistance of the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission, provided such modifications are (1) approved by the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations, education, labor and social services, and (2) consistent with the requirements of Sections 111 and 112 of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended.

(P.A. 99-195, S. 9, 15; P.A. 06-196, S. 160; P.A. 12-116, S. 87; P.A. 16-169, S. 24; P.A. 17-237, S. 104.)

History: P.A. 99-195 effective June 23, 1999; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsec. (b)(16), effective June 7, 2006; pursuant to P.A. 12-116, “regional vocational-technical schools” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “technical high schools” in Subsec. (b)(12), effective July 1, 2012; pursuant to P.A. 16-169, “Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128”; P.A. 17-237 amended Subsec. (b)(12)(E)(ii) by replacing “technical high schools” with “the Technical Education and Career System”, effective July 1, 2017.

Sec. 31-11q. Submission of comprehensive state performance measures developed by Connecticut Employment and Training Commission to General Assembly. On or before October 15, 1999, the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission shall submit to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations, education, labor and social services the comprehensive state performance measures developed by said commission in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (5) of subsection (b) of section 31-3h for activities specified in Title I of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, and annually thereafter during any year in which such performance measures are modified.

(P.A. 99-195, S. 10, 15; P.A. 16-169, S. 24.)

History: P.A. 99-195 effective June 23, 1999; pursuant to P.A. 16-169, “Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128”.

Sec. 31-11r. Submission of workforce development plan to Governor; prior General Assembly approval. Submission of plan by Governor to United States Secretary of Labor. Requests for waiver. (a) On or before January 1, 2000, the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission shall submit a single Workforce Development Plan to the Governor, which plan shall (1) be approved by the General Assembly, (2) comply with the requirements of section 31-11p, and (3) comply with the requirements of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 13-128, as from time to time amended.

(b) On or before March 15, 2000, the Governor shall submit a single Connecticut Workforce Development Plan to the United States Secretary of Labor, which plan shall satisfy the requirements of subsection (a) of this section.

(c) The Governor shall submit to the United States Secretary of Labor any appropriate or necessary request for waiver of the statutory or regulatory requirements of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 13-128, as from time to time amended, with the advice and assistance of the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission.

(P.A. 99-195, S. 11, 15; P.A. 16-169, S. 24.)

History: P.A. 99-195 effective June 23, 1999; pursuant to P.A. 16-169, “Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128”.

Sec. 31-11s. Connecticut Employment and Training Commission recommendations re appropriation of Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act funds. (a) On or before February 9, 2000, and annually thereafter, the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission shall make recommendations consistent with the provisions of the single Connecticut workforce development plan submitted to the Governor pursuant to section 31-11r to the Governor and the General Assembly concerning the appropriation of funds received for adult workforce development activities under the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, for (1) job-related vocational, literacy, language or numerical skills training; (2) underemployed and at-risk workers; (3) individuals with barriers to full-time, stable employment, including language, basic skills and occupational literacy barriers; (4) vocational training using apprentice and preapprentice programs and customized job training programs that are designed to serve at-risk workers and promote job retention and the obtainment of higher wage jobs; (5) special incentives for programs that successfully train (A) women for nontraditional employment, and (B) minorities for occupations or fields of work in which such minorities are underrepresented; and (6) special grants or contracts in each region for training programs that target workers who are difficult to serve, including, but not limited to, workers (A) with limited literacy or numerical skills, (B) without a high school diploma or its equivalent, or (C) for whom English is a second language. For purposes of this section, “nontraditional employment” refers to occupations or fields of work for which women comprise less than twenty-five per cent of the individuals employed in each such occupation or field of work.

(b) On or before February 9, 2000, and annually thereafter, the commission shall make recommendations to the Governor and the General Assembly concerning the appropriation of funds received under the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, for dislocated workers.

(c) Pursuant to Section 189(i)(4)(A) of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended, the Governor is authorized by the General Assembly to apply for a waiver of federal eligibility requirements to allow incumbent workers with annual family incomes that do not exceed two hundred per cent of the poverty level guidelines issued by the federal Department of Health and Human Services to receive job training services.

(P.A. 99-195, S. 12, 15; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2, S. 101; P.A. 13-140, S. 21; P.A. 16-169, S. 24.)

History: P.A. 99-195 effective June 23, 1999; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2 amended Subsec. (b) to substitute “technical high schools” for “regional vocational-technical high schools”; P.A. 13-140 deleted former Subsec. (b) re commission to make annual recommendations to the Governor and General Assembly re appropriations of funds for young adult programs and redesignated existing Subsecs. (c) and (d) as Subsecs. (b) and (c), effective June 18, 2013; pursuant to P.A. 16-169, “Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128”.

Sec. 31-11t. Criteria for evaluation of funded programs: Connecticut Employment and Training Commission responsibilities. (a) The Connecticut Employment and Training Commission shall provide each regional workforce development board with criteria for the evaluation of funded programs, including a description of the amount, type and effectiveness of literacy training provided to participants, the number of persons completing job training, the gender and race of persons who receive training, occupational skill types, the number of persons who enter unsubsidized employment, the number of persons who remain in unsubsidized employment six months later and the earnings received by such persons.

(b) The commission shall develop an education and job training report card to assess the accomplishments of Connecticut's workforce development system and for meeting the accountability requirements of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended. The report card shall address the effectiveness of such system in meeting (1) employers' needs for educated and trained workers, and (2) clients' needs for improving their economic well-being.

(P.A. 99-195, S. 13, 15; ; P.A. 16-169, S. 24; 16-170, S. 5.)

History: P.A. 99-195 effective June 23, 1999; pursuant to P.A. 16-169, “Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128”; P.A. 16-170 deleted former Subsec. (c) re commission to include evaluation of funded programs in annual report.

Sec. 31-11u. Continuation of other education, employment or job training programs or contracts. Any education, employment or job training program or contract in existence on June 23, 1999, that is funded under the Job Training Partnership Act shall continue in effect until the renewal period, provided such program is consistent with the provisions of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, as from time to time amended.

(P.A. 99-195, S. 14, 15; P.A. 16-169, S. 24.)

History: P.A. 99-195 effective June 23, 1999; pursuant to P.A. 16-169, “Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128”.

Secs. 31-11v and 31-11w. Reserved for future use.

Sec. 31-11x. Comprehensive job training and related services, grants for. Definitions. Regulations. Section 31-11x is repealed, effective June 6, 2016.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2, S. 29, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 129, 131; P.A. 04-76, S. 34; P.A. 16-169, S. 35.)

Secs. 31-11y and 31-11z. Reserved for future use.

Sec. 31-11aa. Information technology workforce development plan. Section 31-11aa is repealed, effective July 1, 2011.

(P.A. 00-187, S. 28, 75; P.A. 01-173, S. 46, 67; P.A. 11-48, S. 303.)

Secs. 31-11bb to 31-11ee. Adult Literacy Leadership Board: Definitions. Members. Duties and responsibilities; report and report card. Strategic plan. Sections 31-11bb to 31-11ee, inclusive, are repealed, effective July 1, 2013.

(P.A. 08-163, S. 1–7; P.A. 11-48, S. 94, 95, 285; P.A. 13-140, S. 19; 13-299, S. 95.)

Sec. 31-11ff. State-wide plan for implementing, expanding or improving upon career certificate programs, middle college programs, early college high school programs and Connecticut Early College Opportunity programs. (a) For purposes of this section:

(1) “Early college high school” means a school in which persons who are underrepresented in higher education, including, but not limited to, low-income youth, first-generation college students, English language learners and minority students, may simultaneously earn, tuition free, a high school diploma and an associate degree or up to two years of credit toward a bachelor's degree;

(2) “Middle college program” means a collaboration between a school district's high schools and a regional-community technical college or a four-year college or university where a student may (A) take core high school courses or courses for which college or university-level credit may be given, and (B) attribute all such credits earned toward a program of higher learning at an institution of higher education in which such student enrolls upon graduation from the middle college program; and

(3) “Connecticut Early College Opportunity program” or “CT-ECO” means a collaboration between a school district's high schools, a local community college and a company or business entity where a student may earn an industry-recognized, two-year postsecondary degree in addition to a high school diploma.

(b) The Connecticut Employment and Training Commission shall develop, in collaboration with the Connecticut state colleges and universities, Department of Education, and regional work force development boards established pursuant to section 31-3j, a state-wide plan for implementing, expanding or improving upon career certificate programs established under section 10-20a, middle college programs, early college high school programs and Connecticut Early College Opportunity programs to provide education, training and placement in jobs available in the manufacturing, health care, construction, green, science, technology, engineering and mathematics industries and other emerging sectors of the state's economy. Such plan shall include a proposal to fund such programs.

(P.A. 14-217, S. 197; P.A. 16-15, S. 2; P.A. 17-207, S. 5; P.A. 18-126, S. 7.)

History: P.A. 14-217 effective July 1, 2014; P.A. 16-15 amended Subsec. (a)(2) by replacing “bachelor degree” with “bachelor's degree”, effective May 6, 2016; P.A. 17-207 amended Subsec. (a) to delete former Subdiv. (1) re “contextualized learning”, redesignate existing Subdivs. (2) and (3) as new Subdivs. (1) and (2), add new Subdiv. (3) re “Connecticut Early College Opportunity program”, amended Subsec. (b) to add reference to Connecticut state colleges and universities and Department of Education, delete reference to contextualized learning programs, add reference to Connecticut Early College Opportunity programs, and add “, science, technology, engineering and mathematics”, amended Subsec. (c) to designate existing provisions re Connecticut Employment and Training Commission report as Subdiv. (1) and amend same to replace “January 1, 2015” with “January 1, 2018”, designate existing provisions re annual report by commission as Subdiv. (2) and amend same to replace “September 1, 2015” with “September 1, 2018”, and add “included in the plan developed under subsection (b) of this section”, and made technical changes, effective July 11, 2017; P.A. 18-126 deleted Subsec. (c) re report on plan and annual report on status of programs included in plan.

Sec. 31-11gg. Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act substituted for Workforce Investment Act. (a)(1) Wherever the term “Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220” is used in the following general statutes, the term “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128” shall be substituted in lieu thereof; (2) wherever the term “Workforce Investment Act of 1998” is used in the following general statutes, the term “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014” shall be substituted in lieu thereof; and (3) wherever the term “Workforce Investment Act” is used in the following general statutes, the term “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act” shall be substituted in lieu thereof: 4-89, 4-124w, 4a-82, 31-3h, 31-3k, 31-3l, 31-3gg, 31-11l, 31-11m, 31-11n, 31-11o, 31-11p, 31-11q, 31-11r, 31-11s, 31-11t, 31-11u, and 31-254.

(b) Wherever the term “Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220” is used in any public or special act of 2016, the term “Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128” shall be substituted in lieu thereof.

(c) The Legislative Commissioners' Office shall, in codifying the provisions of this section, make such technical, grammatical and punctuation changes as are necessary to carry out the purposes of this section.

(P.A. 16-169, S. 24.)

Sec. 31-11hh. Definitions. As used in this section and sections 31-11ii and 31-11jj:

(1) “Administrative costs” means the costs paid or incurred by the administrator, including, but not limited to, peer review costs, professional fees, allocated staff costs and other out-of-pocket costs attributable to the administration and operation of the Workforce Training Authority Fund;

(2) “Administrator” means the Department of Labor;

(3) “Board” means the Workforce Training Authority established pursuant to section 31-11ii; and

(4) “Eligible recipient” means a business entity, including, but not limited to, those businesses in the bioscience, insurance, financial services, advanced manufacturing, digital media, green technology and tourism industry sectors.

(P.A. 17-207, S. 7.)

History: P.A. 17-207 effective July 11, 2017.

Sec. 31-11ii. Development of Workforce Training Authority. Members. Duties and responsibilities. (a) There is established a Workforce Training Authority that shall consist of the following members: (1) Four appointed by the Governor; (2) one appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate; (3) one appointed by the Senate Republican president pro tempore; (4) one appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives; (5) one appointed by the majority leader of the Senate; (6) one appointed by the majority leader of the House of Representatives; (7) one appointed by the minority leader of the Senate; (8) one appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives; (9) the Labor Commissioner, or the commissioner's designee, who shall serve as the chairperson of the board; (10) the Commissioner of the Department of Economic and Community Development, or the commissioner's designee; (11) the president of the Connecticut State Colleges and Universities, or the president's designee; (12) the president of The University of Connecticut, or the president's designee; and (13) the Commissioner of Correction, or the commissioner's designee. Each legislatively appointed member shall have skill, knowledge or experience in industries and sciences related to insurance, financial services, bioscience, advance manufacturing, digital media, green technology, and tourism. All initial appointments to the board pursuant to this subsection shall be made not later than October 1, 2017. Appointed members shall each serve a term that is coterminous with the respective appointing authority. Each member shall hold office until a successor is appointed. Any vacancy occurring on the board, other than by expiration of term, shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment for the balance of the unexpired term.

(b) The chairperson shall call the first meeting of the board not later than December 1, 2017. The board shall meet at such times as the chairperson deems necessary.

(c) No member of the board shall receive compensation for such member's services.

(d) A majority of the members of said board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of any business or the exercise of any power of the board. The board may act by a majority of the members present at any meeting at which a quorum is in attendance for the transaction of any business or the exercise of any power of the board, except as otherwise provided in this section.

(e) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, it shall not constitute a conflict of interest for a trustee, director, partner, officer, manager, shareholder, proprietor, counsel, public official acting in his or her official capacity or employee of an eligible recipient, or any individual with a financial interest in an eligible recipient, to serve as a member of the board, provided such trustee, director, partner, officer, manager, shareholder, proprietor, counsel, employee or individual shall abstain from deliberation, action or vote by the board concerning any matter relating to such eligible recipient, except such public official acting in his or her official capacity shall be permitted to engage in such deliberation.

(f) The board may develop industry-specific advisory councils to provide guidance on job market trends and develop connections with the business community.

(P.A. 17-207, S. 8.)

History: P.A. 17-207 effective July 11, 2017.

Sec. 31-11jj. Workforce Training Authority Fund. (a) There is established the Workforce Training Authority Fund, which shall be an account in the Department of Labor. The following moneys shall be deposited in the fund: (1) Any moneys received as part of a memorandum of understanding with the Workforce Training Authority; (2) all private contributions, gifts, grants, donations, bequests or devises received by the fund; and (3) to the extent not otherwise prohibited by state or federal law, any local, state or federal funds received by the fund.

(b) The Workforce Training Authority Fund shall be used: (1) To provide training assistance to eligible recipients as may be approved by the Workforce Training Authority pursuant to subsection (e) of this section, and (2) to pay or reimburse the administrator for administrative costs pursuant to subsection (c) of this section. Such training assistance shall be awarded for the purpose of: Developing and implementing training programs for the recruitment of businesses to the state and the training or retraining of persons in the state to achieve the workforce goals established by the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission and the relevant sections of the strategic master plan for higher education developed pursuant to section 10a-11b. Training assistance shall target job growth in the areas of insurance, financial services, bioscience, advance manufacturing, digital media, green technology, and tourism.

(c) All expenditures from the Workforce Training Authority, except for administrative costs reimbursed to the administrator pursuant to subsection (h) of this section, shall be approved by the board, provided the board may delegate to staff of the administrator the approval of transactions not greater than one hundred thousand dollars. Any such approval by the board shall be (1) specific to an individual expenditure to be made; (2) for budgeted expenditures with such variations as the board may authorize at the time of such budget approval; or (3) for training assistance programs to be administered by staff of the administrator, subject to limits, eligibility requirements and other conditions established by the Workforce Training Authority at the time of such program approval.

(d) The administrator shall provide any necessary staff, office space, office systems and administrative support for the operation of the Workforce Training Authority Fund in accordance with this section. In acting as administrator of the fund, the Labor Department shall have and may exercise all of the powers set forth in the general statutes, provided expenditures from the fund shall be approved by the Workforce Training Authority pursuant to subsection (c) of this section.

(e) The Workforce Training Authority shall establish an application and approval process with guidelines and terms for the development and implementation of training programs awarded by the Workforce Training Authority Fund to any eligible recipient. Such guidelines and terms shall include: (1) A requirement that any applicant for training assistance operate in the state or propose to relocate operations to the state, in whole or in part, as a condition of such training assistance; (2) eligibility requirements for training, including a requirement for applicants to obtain matching funds from nonstate sources; (3) a process for preliminary review of applications for strength and eligibility by the administrator before such applications are presented to the board for consideration; (4) return on investment objectives, including, but not limited to, job growth and leveraged investment opportunities; (5) a requirement that any business that receives assistance must first consider applicants who have completed the universal intake form; and (6) such other guidelines and terms as the board determines to be necessary and appropriate in furtherance of the objectives of this section. In developing such guidelines, the board shall include considerations for the size of such businesses and the number of workers employed by such businesses. Additionally, the board shall give consideration to developing training programs and creating career pathways for formerly incarcerated individuals.

(f) Training assistance awarded from the Workforce Training Authority Fund to eligible recipients shall be used for costs related to facilities, necessary furniture, fixtures and equipment, development of programs, implementation of training programs, materials and supplies, compensation, apprenticeship and such other costs that the Workforce Training Authority Board determines pursuant to subsection (e) of this section to be eligible for training assistance within the purposes of this section.

(g) On July 1, 2018, and prior to each fiscal year thereafter, the administrator shall prepare a plan of operations and an operating and capital budget for the Workforce Training Authority Fund, provided not later than ninety days prior to the start of each fiscal year, the administrator shall submit such plan and budget to the Workforce Training Authority Board for its review and approval.

(h) Administrative costs shall be paid or reimbursed to the administrator from the Workforce Training Authority Fund, provided the total of such administrative costs in any fiscal year shall not exceed five per cent of the total amount of the allotted funding for such fiscal year as determined in the operating budget prepared pursuant to subsection (g) of this section. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to require the administrator to risk or expend the funds of the Labor Department in connection with the administration of the Workforce Training Authority Fund.

(i) On January 1, 2019, and annually thereafter, the administrator shall provide a report of the activities of the Workforce Training Authority Fund to the Workforce Training Authority for the board's review and approval. Upon such approval, the board shall provide such report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to labor, commerce and employment advancement. Such report shall contain available information on the status and progress of the operations and funding of the Workforce Training Authority Fund and the types, amounts and recipients of financial assistance awarded.

(j) The administrator shall consult with the office of apprenticeship training, the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission, the Planning Commission on Higher Education and the Connecticut Manufacturing Innovation Fund to ensure coordination and compatibility of the development and implementation of training programs awarded by the Workforce Training Authority Fund.

(P.A. 17-207, S. 9.)

History: P.A. 17-207 effective July 11, 2017.

Sec. 31-11kk. Working group to review business support services. Representatives. On or before October 1, 2017, the Labor Commissioner may establish a working group to review business support services in the state. Such working group may consist of one business services representative from each of the following agencies: (1) The Labor Department, (2) the Department of Economic and Community Development, and (3) the Workforce Development Board. Such working group may review business support services offered by such agencies and consider ways to better coordinate such services to benefit businesses in the state, including, but not limited to, the development of (A) a shared database of business support services, and (B) shared marketing materials. The Labor Commissioner may make recommendations for legislation to the Governor and the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to labor and public employees, commerce and higher education and employment advancement.

(P.A. 17-207, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 17-207 effective July 11, 2017.

Sec. 31-11ll. Development and implementation of universal intake form. Reporting use of form. (a) The Labor Commissioner shall develop and implement a universal intake form to be completed by each person entering any American Job Center or Workforce Development Board facility. Such form shall request information from each such person as said commissioner deems necessary in order to report to the General Assembly in accordance with subsection (b) of this section.

(b) On or before December 1, 2017, and annually thereafter, the Labor Commissioner shall report to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to labor and public employees, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, the following: (1) The number of persons utilizing the job training programs and services provided by each American Job Center or Workforce Development Board facility, (2) the number of persons who obtained jobs subsequent to utilizing such job training programs and services, (3) the categorization of job skills indicated on the universal intake form and the number of persons with each of such skills, (4) a determination of the job skills necessary for employment in the state, (5) the number of persons in various directed pathways, (6) the average wage or salary of the positions of persons who obtain jobs subsequent to utilizing such job training programs and services, and (7) the industry sectors in which such persons obtain jobs subsequent to utilizing such job training programs and services.

(P.A. 17-207, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 17-207 effective July 1, 2017.

Sec. 31-11mm. Requests for proposals for development and implementation of soft skills program. (a) For purposes of this section, “soft skills” means character traits and interpersonal skills, such as social skills, communication skills and attitudes, that characterize a person's relationship with other people and do not rely on acquired knowledge or technical skills.

(b) Not later than October 1, 2017, the Labor Commissioner shall prepare and issue a request for proposals for the development and implementation of a soft skills program. The request for proposals shall require each person, firm or corporation submitting a proposal to (1) demonstrate coordination with an emerging industry partner in the state in developing a soft skills curriculum, and (2) provide any other information deemed necessary by the commissioner.

(P.A. 17-207, S. 3.)

History: P.A. 17-207 effective July 1, 2017.

Secs. 31-11nn to 31-11qq. Reserved for future use.

Sec. 31-11rr. Apprenticeship Connecticut initiative. (a) There is established the Apprenticeship Connecticut initiative to develop work force pipeline programs to train qualified entry-level workers for job placement with manufacturers and employers in other industry sectors in the state that are experiencing sustained work force shortages. The initiative shall include, where practicable, outreach to underserved populations, including youths, to achieve success in the program and support the state's economic development progress.

(b) (1) Not later than January 1, 2019, the Labor Commissioner shall issue a request for qualifications to solicit proposals from regional industry partnerships for a work force pipeline program to serve the work force needs of manufacturers and other employers in the region. To be eligible to submit a proposal, a regional industry partnership shall include as members of such partnership (A) entities and organizations with expertise in regional economic and work force development, including, but not limited to, entities offering apprenticeship or other work force training programs, (B) the regional work force development board, established pursuant to section 31-3k, for the applicable work force region, and (C) at least one educational institution such as a vocational-technical school or an institution of higher education or at least one employer located in the work force region. A regional industry partnership may include other entities, organizations or institutions that support the goals of the partnership and initiative.

(2) Prior to the date established by the commissioner for the submission of responses to such request for qualifications, each regional work force development board shall submit a report to the General Assembly, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, that sets forth the most pressing work force needs within such board's region and identifies the industry sector or sectors in which such needs are the greatest.

(c) Each proposal shall be submitted by the partnership through the regional work force development board and shall demonstrate the targeted goal of preparing qualified entry-level workers for careers that provide a living wage. Each proposal shall include plans for the following core program components:

(1) Identification of the region's most pressing work force needs and the industry sector or sectors in which such needs are the greatest, as reported to the General Assembly pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of this section, and including a detailed plan of how the partnership's proposal will serve the employment needs of workers residing in all towns within the region served by the applicable regional work force development board, focusing on those areas within such region with the most concentrated employment needs;

(2) Recruitment in the program of, and outreach efforts to, potential job seekers;

(3) (A) Screening and assessment of individuals interested in manufacturing work or employment in other sectors proposed to be targeted by the partnership, by which individuals will be assessed for work readiness, aptitude for the relevant work skills and on other metrics as specified by the partnership or as recommended by the Labor Department;

(B) Redirecting or connecting individuals determined through the screening and assessment process not to be suited for participation in the program to or with alternative career resources or services available to residents of the state that may be better suited to such individuals;

(C) Placement of individuals screened and assessed who are selected to participate in a training program, with an employer identified by the partnership, upon such individual's successful completion of the training program. Such identified employer shall commit to hire one or more individuals who successfully complete the training program and may further offer related on-the-job training or other in-house training opportunities to such individual or individuals. The partnership shall seek to leverage any such training or opportunities, apprenticeship programs, the Labor Department's subsidized training and employment program and other wage-subsidy programs with employers who commit to hiring individuals, and may seek program funding for retention services;

(4) (A) Separate training programs for participants (i) in the eleventh or twelfth grade, and (ii) eighteen years of age or older who are not currently enrolled in eleventh or twelfth grade. Such training programs shall be provided by partnership members or with the assistance of other parties as identified in the proposal;

(B) Training programs shall be not less than five consecutive weeks and not more than twenty-six consecutive weeks in duration. At least one training program offered for each age group shall be provided through a certified preapprenticeship program offered by the Labor Department. Any other training program may include a preapprenticeship component or award industry-recognized certificates, as proposed by the partnership;

(C) Training programs shall be developed and revised periodically through ongoing consultation with employers targeted for job placement of program participants;

(5) The duration of a work force pipeline program shall be not less than four years from the date of its establishment;

(6) For each core program component, identification of specific existing resources available to such partnership through the regional work force development board, the United States Department of Labor's American Job Center system, the state Labor Department, employers, apprenticeship or other work force training programs, educational institutions in the state or other public or private funds. If the partnership proposes using program funds for the purposes of core program components, it shall demonstrate for each such component that there will be leveraged funding support from existing resources and that the use of program funds for such purposes will not affect the availability of such existing resources; and

(7) The following limits shall apply to the use of any program funds awarded to a partnership: (A) Not more than seventy per cent of such funds shall be used for the training programs set forth in subdivision (4) of this subsection; (B) not more than twenty per cent of such funds shall be used for supporting services for the program, including recruitment and outreach efforts, screening and assessment, transportation, stipends, workplace tools or equipment and preemployment supports; and (C) not more than ten per cent of such funds shall be used for any other purpose, including administrative costs.

(d) (1) The commissioner shall review all qualifying responses to the request for qualifications and select as many proposals as the commissioner deems to be well-planned and the partnership to be capable of implementing its proposal. The commissioner shall select proposals so as to achieve a goal of not fewer than ten thousand individuals placed into new jobs over the first four years of a program, with one-third of such individuals from the group under subparagraph (A)(i) of subdivision (4) of subsection (c) of this section and two-thirds of such individuals from the group under subparagraph (A)(ii) of subdivision (4) of subsection (c) of this section.

(2) (A) The commissioner shall award funds to the partnerships selected under subdivision (1) of this subsection in proportion to the magnitude of the work force needs within the work force region proposed to be served, relative to the comparable work force needs within other work force regions of the state, provided no partnership shall receive more than twenty million dollars in total funding. The commissioner may further weight such distribution according to any total cost per program participant proposed by a partnership that the commissioner deems reasonable, and may give preference to a partnership with a lower total cost per program participant.

(B) The commissioner shall reserve from any funds awarded under subparagraph (A) of this subdivision sufficient funds to support the use of the certified preapprenticeship program offered by the Labor Department and shall transfer such reserved funds to the appropriate departmental account to be used for such purpose.

(e) Any regional industry partnership may seek (1) to leverage tuition or financial assistance programs for purposes of the program and for the benefit of individuals participating in the program, and (2) philanthropic and employer investments to meet the goal set forth in subdivision (1) of subsection (d) of this section and to support retention of individuals participating in the program.

(P.A. 18-178, S. 45.)

History: P.A. 18-178 effective July 1, 2018.