CHAPTER 383c*

PROFESSIONAL COUNSELORS

*See Sec. 19a-88b re renewal of certain professional and occupational licenses, certificates, permits or registrations which become void while the holder is on active duty in the armed forces of the United States.

Table of Contents

Sec. 20-195aa. Definitions.

Sec. 20-195bb. Practice restricted to licensed persons. Exceptions. Title protection.

Sec. 20-195cc. License application. Renewal. Fees. Continuing education.

Sec. 20-195dd. Qualifications.

Sec. 20-195ee. Disciplinary action. Grounds.

Sec. 20-195ff. Regulations.

Sec. 20-195gg. Practice of professional counseling. Independent practice.

Secs. 20-195hh to 20-195oo. Reserved


Sec. 20-195aa. Definitions. As used in this section and sections 20-195bb to 20-195ee, inclusive, and section 20-195gg:

(1) “Licensed professional counselor” or “professional counselor” means a person who has been licensed as a professional counselor pursuant to this chapter;

(2) “Licensed professional counselor associate” or “professional counselor associate” means a person who has been licensed as a professional counselor associate pursuant to this chapter;

(3) “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Public Health;

(4) “Department” means the Department of Public Health;

(5) “Professional counseling” means the application, by persons trained in counseling, of established principles of psycho-social development and behavioral science to the evaluation, assessment, analysis, diagnosis and treatment of emotional, behavioral or interpersonal dysfunction or difficulties that interfere with mental health and human development. “Professional counseling” includes, but is not limited to, individual, group, marriage and family counseling, functional assessments for persons adjusting to a disability, appraisal, crisis intervention and consultation with individuals or groups;

(6) “Under professional supervision” means the practice of professional counseling under the supervision of a licensed professional counselor, a physician licensed pursuant to chapter 370, who is certified in psychiatry by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, an advanced practice registered nurse licensed pursuant to chapter 378, who is certified as a psychiatric and mental health clinical nurse specialist or nurse practitioner by the American Nurses Credentialing Center, a psychologist licensed pursuant to chapter 383, a marital and family therapist licensed pursuant to chapter 383a or a licensed clinical social worker licensed pursuant to chapter 383b;

(7) “Direct professional supervision” means face-to-face consultation between one supervisor, who is a professional described in subdivision (6) of this section, and one person receiving supervision that consists of not less than a monthly review with a written evaluation and assessment by the supervisor of such person's practice of professional counseling; and

(8) “Related mental health field” means social work, marriage and family therapy or psychology.

(P.A. 97-311, S. 1; P.A. 10-117, S. 50; P.A. 17-94, S. 1; P.A. 19-117, S. 162.)

History: P.A. 10-117 redefined “professional counseling”; P.A. 17-94 added Subdivs. (1) to (3) defining “licensed professional counselor”, “commissioner” and “department”, respectively, designated provision defining professional counseling as Subdiv. (4), added Subdivs. (5) to (7) defining “under professional supervision”, “direct professional supervision” and “related mental health field”, respectively, and made technical changes; P.A. 19-117 added reference to Sec. 20-195gg, added new Subdiv. (2) defining “licensed professional counselor associate” and “professional counselor or associate”, redesignated existing Subdivs. (2) to (7) as new Subdivs. (3) to (8) and made a conforming change.

Sec. 20-195bb. Practice restricted to licensed persons. Exceptions. Title protection. (a) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, no person may practice professional counseling unless licensed pursuant to section 20-195cc.

(b) No person may use the title “licensed professional counselor”, “licensed professional counselor associate” or “professional counselor” or make use of any title, words, letters or abbreviations that may reasonably be confused with licensure as a professional counselor or professional counselor associate unless licensed pursuant to section 20-195cc.

(c) No license as a professional counselor shall be required of the following: (1) A person who furnishes uncompensated assistance in an emergency; (2) a clergyman, priest, minister, rabbi or practitioner of any religious denomination accredited by the religious body to which the person belongs and settled in the work of the ministry, provided the activities that would otherwise require a license as a professional counselor are within the scope of ministerial duties; (3) a sexual assault counselor, as defined in section 52-146k; (4) a person participating in uncompensated group or individual counseling; (5) a person with a master's degree in a health-related or human services-related field employed by a hospital, as defined in subsection (b) of section 19a-490, performing services in accordance with section 20-195aa under the supervision of a physician licensed pursuant to chapter 370, who is certified in psychiatry by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, an advanced practice registered nurse licensed pursuant to chapter 378, who is certified as a psychiatric and mental health clinical nurse specialist or nurse practitioner by the American Nurses Credentialing Center, a psychologist licensed pursuant to chapter 383, a marital and family therapist licensed pursuant to chapter 383a or a licensed clinical social worker licensed pursuant to chapter 383b; (6) a person licensed or certified by any agency of this state and performing services within the scope of practice for which licensed or certified; (7) a student, intern or trainee pursuing a course of study in counseling in a regionally accredited institution of higher education, provided the activities that would otherwise require a license as a professional counselor are performed under supervision and constitute a part of a supervised course of study; (8) a person employed by an institution of higher education to provide academic counseling in conjunction with the institution's programs and services; or (9) a vocational rehabilitation counselor, job counselor, credit counselor, consumer counselor or any other counselor or psychoanalyst who does not purport to be a counselor whose primary service is the application of established principles of psycho-social development and behavioral science to the evaluation, assessment, analysis and treatment of emotional, behavioral or interpersonal dysfunction or difficulties that interfere with mental health and human development.

(P.A. 97-311, S. 2; P.A. 98-43, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-4, S. 30, 58; P.A. 17-146, S. 10; P.A. 18-168, S. 44; P.A. 19-117, S. 163.)

History: P.A. 98-43 replaced “self-help group counseling or peer” counseling with “group or individual” counseling in Subsec. (c)(4), replaced “hold himself out as” with “purport to be” in Subsec. (c)(8) and made gender-neutral technical changes in Subsecs. (a), (b) and (c); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-4 added Subsec. (c)(5) re person with master's degree in health-related or human services-related field employed by a hospital, renumbering existing Subdivs. (5) to (8) as Subdivs. (6) to (9), effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 17-146 amended Subsec. (c) by adding Subdiv. (10) re person who earned degree, and making a technical change; P.A. 18-168 amended Subsec. (c) by replacing reference to Sec. 20-195dd(a)(2)(A) to (F) with reference to Sec. 20-195dd(a)(1)(C)(i) to (vii) in Subdiv. (5), adding “not later than two years after completion of such supervised experience,”, replacing “upon notification that” with “if”, and deleting “, or one year after completion of such supervised experience, whichever occurs first” in Subdiv. (10)(B); P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (b) by adding references to licensed professional counselor associate, professional counselor and professional counselor associate, amended Subsec. (c) by replacing reference to person licensed by the state with references to physician certified in psychiatry, advanced practice registered nurse certified as a psychiatric and mental health clinical nurse specialist or nurse practitioner, psychologist, marital and family therapist or licensed clinical social worker in Subdiv. (5) and deleting Subdiv. (10) re person whose services constitute part of supervised experience required for licensure.

Sec. 20-195cc. License application. Renewal. Fees. Continuing education. (a) The Commissioner of Public Health shall grant a license (1) as a professional counselor to any applicant who furnishes evidence satisfactory to the commissioner that such applicant has met the requirements of section 20-195dd, and (2) as a professional counselor associate to any applicant who furnishes evidence satisfactory to the commissioner that such applicant has met the requirements of section 20-195dd. The commissioner shall develop and provide application forms. The application fee for a professional counselor shall be three hundred fifteen dollars. The application fee for a professional counselor associate shall be two hundred twenty dollars.

(b) Licenses issued to professional counselors and professional counselor associates under this section may be renewed annually pursuant to section 19a-88. The fee for such renewal shall be one hundred ninety-five dollars. Each licensed professional counselor and professional counselor associate applying for license renewal shall furnish evidence satisfactory to the commissioner of having participated in continuing education programs. The commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to (1) define basic requirements for continuing education programs that shall include (A) not less than one contact hour of training or education each registration period on the topic of cultural competency, (B) on and after January 1, 2016, not less than two contact hours of training or education during the first renewal period in which continuing education is required and not less than once every six years thereafter on the topic of mental health conditions common to veterans and family members of veterans, including (i) determining whether a patient is a veteran or family member of a veteran, (ii) screening for conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder, risk of suicide, depression and grief, and (iii) suicide prevention training, and (C) on and after January 1, 2018, not less than three contact hours of training or education each registration period on the topic of professional ethics, (2) delineate qualifying programs, (3) establish a system of control and reporting, and (4) provide for a waiver of the continuing education requirement for good cause.

(P.A. 97-311, S. 3; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-4, S. 18; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 214; P.A. 13-76, S. 2; P.A. 15-242, S. 64; 15-244, S. 124; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5, S. 474; P.A. 17-94, S. 2; P.A. 19-117, S. 164.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-4 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b) and added provisions re continuing education in Subsec. (b); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (a) to increase fee from $250 to $315 and amended Subsec. (b) to increase fee from $150 to $190; P.A. 13-76 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by adding provision re continuing education programs to include training or education in cultural competency, effective October 1, 2013, and applicable to registration periods beginning on and after October 1, 2014; P.A. 15-242 amended Subsec. (b) by adding provisions re training or education on topic of mental health conditions common to veterans and family members of veterans; P.A. 15-244 amended Subsec. (b) to increase renewal fee from $190 to $195, effective July 1, 2015; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5 changed effective date of P.A. 15-244, S. 124, from July 1, 2015, to October 1, 2015, and applicable to the renewal of a license or certificate that expires on or after that date, effective June 30, 2015; P.A. 17-94 amended Subsec. (b) by designating provisions re topic of cultural competency as new Subpara. (A), designating provisions re topic of mental health conditions common to veterans and family members of veterans as new Subpara. (B), redesignating existing Subparas. (A) to (C) as clauses (i) to (iii), added new Subpara. (C) re topic of professional ethics, and made technical changes; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (a) by designating existing provisions re professional counselor as Subdiv. (1), adding Subdiv. (2) re professional counselor associate and adding provision requiring application fee for professional counselor associate to be $220 and amended Subsec. (b) by adding reference to professional counselors and professional counselor associates.

Sec. 20-195dd. Qualifications. (a) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (c) and (d) of this section, an applicant for a license as a professional counselor shall submit evidence satisfactory to the commissioner of having: (1) (A) Earned a graduate degree in clinical mental health counseling as part of a program of higher learning accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs, or a successor organization, or (B) (i) completed at least sixty graduate semester hours in counseling or a related mental health field at a regionally accredited institution of higher education that included coursework in each of the following areas: Human growth and development; social and cultural foundations; counseling theories; counseling techniques; group counseling; career counseling; appraisals or tests and measurements to individuals and groups; research and evaluation; professional orientation to mental health counseling; addiction and substance abuse counseling; trauma and crisis counseling; and diagnosis and treatment of mental and emotional disorders, (ii) earned from a regionally accredited institution of higher education a graduate degree in counseling or a related mental health field, (iii) completed a one-hundred-hour practicum in counseling taught by a faculty member licensed or certified as a professional counselor or its equivalent in another state, and (iv) completed a six-hundred-hour clinical mental health counseling internship taught by a faculty member licensed or certified as a professional counselor or its equivalent in another state; (2) acquired three thousand hours of postgraduate experience under professional supervision, including a minimum of one hundred hours of direct professional supervision, in the practice of professional counseling, performed over a period of not less than two years; and (3) passed an examination prescribed by the commissioner.

(b) An applicant for a license as a professional counselor associate shall submit to the Commissioner of Public Health evidence satisfactory to the commissioner of having (1) earned a graduate degree in clinical mental health counseling as part of a program of higher learning accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs, or a successor organization, or (2) (A) completed at least sixty graduate semester hours in counseling or a related mental health field at a regionally accredited institution of higher education that included coursework in each of the following areas: Human growth and development; social and cultural foundations; counseling theories; counseling techniques; group counseling; career counseling; appraisals or tests and measurements to individuals and groups; research and evaluation; professional orientation to mental health counseling; addiction and substance abuse counseling; trauma and crisis counseling; and diagnosis and treatment of mental and emotional disorders, (B) completed a one-hundred-hour practicum in counseling taught by a faculty member licensed or certified as a professional counselor or its equivalent in another state, (C) completed a six-hundred-hour clinical mental health counseling internship taught by a faculty member licensed or certified as a professional counselor or its equivalent in another state, and (D) earned from a regionally accredited institution of higher education a graduate degree in counseling or a related mental health field.

(c) An applicant for licensure by endorsement shall present evidence satisfactory to the commissioner that the applicant is licensed or certified as a professional counselor or professional counselor associate, or as a person entitled to perform similar services under a different designation, in another state or jurisdiction whose requirements for practicing in such capacity are substantially similar to or higher than those of this state and that there are no disciplinary actions or unresolved complaints pending.

(d) An applicant who is licensed or certified as a professional counselor or its equivalent in another state, territory or commonwealth of the United States may substitute three years of licensed or certified work experience in the practice of professional counseling in lieu of the requirements of subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of this section, provided the commissioner finds that such experience is equal to or greater than the requirements of this state.

(P.A. 97-311, S. 4; P.A. 98-43, S. 2; P.A. 99-126, S. 4, 5; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-4, S. 14, 58; P.A. 02-89, S. 47; P.A. 06-195, S. 48; P.A. 07-252, S. 47; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 67; P.A. 14-231, S. 35; P.A. 17-94, S. 3; P.A. 19-117, S. 165.)

History: P.A. 98-43 inserted reference to subsection (b) in Subsec. (a) and deleted reference to “January 1, 1999”, modified degree requirements in Subsec. (a)(1)(A), divided Subsec. (a)(2) into subparagraphs, added Subparas. (C) and (G), added “or prior to October 1, 1998, eligible for licensure” in new Subpara. (F), changed “Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, prior to January 1, 1999” to “Prior to July 1, 1999” in Subsec. (b), changed “shall” to “may, in lieu of the requirements set forth in subsection (a) of this section” in Subsec. (b), changed practice requirement in Subsec. (b)(2) from two years “immediately preceding October 1, 1997” to two years “within a five-year period immediately preceding application” and made gender-neutral technical changes in Subsecs. (a), (b) and (c); P.A. 99-126 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting requirement of completion of an examination prescribed by the Commissioner of Public Health, effective June 8, 1999; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-4 amended Subsec. (b) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), designating existing Subdivs. (1) and (2) therein as Subparas. (A) and (B), and adding new Subdiv. (2) re license requirements in lieu of Subsec. (a) prior to December 30, 2001, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 02-89 deleted as obsolete Subsec. (b)(1) authorizing an applicant in lieu of the requirements of Subsec. (a) to submit prior to July 1, 1999, satisfactory evidence of earning any of certain educational degrees, practicing professional counseling for a minimum of two years in the preceding five years and passing an examination prescribed by the commissioner and redesignated existing Subsec. (b)(2) as Subsec. (b); P.A. 06-195 amended Subsec. (a) to modify degree requirements in Subdiv. (1) and newly designated Subdiv. (2)(A) to (C), inclusive, to allow for master's, sixth-year and doctoral degree work in a discipline related to counseling, rather than professional counseling, and renumber existing Subdivs. (2) and (3) as Subdivs. (3) and (4), respectively; P.A. 07-252 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting references to National Board for Certified Counselors, modifying coursework and degree requirements in Subdivs. (1) and (2), including deletion of requirement re 42 graduate semester hours for master's degree work, and making conforming changes, effective July 12, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to eliminate requirement that applicant have a sixth-year degree in the discipline of counseling, effective October 6, 2007; P.A. 14-231 deleted former Subsec. (b) re applicant for a license prior to December 30, 2001, redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (b) and added new Subsec. (c) re applicant currently licensed or certified in another state, territory or commonwealth may substitute work experience; P.A. 17-94 amended Subsec. (a) by designating provisions re evidence to be submitted by applicant for license as professional counselor prior to January 1, 2019 as new Subdiv. (1), redesignating existing Subdivs. (1) to (4) as new Subparas. (A) to (D), adding provision re applicant who is matriculating student on or before July 1, 2017, adding new Subdiv. (2) re evidence to be submitted by applicant for license as professional counselor on and after January 1, 2019, amended Subsec. (c) by replacing reference to Subdiv. (3) with references to Subsec. (a)(1)(C) and (a)(2)(B), and adding “as applicable”, and made technical and conforming changes; P.A. 19-117 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting Subdiv. (1) re evidence to be submitted by applicant for licensure as professional counselor, deleting Subdiv. (2) designator and amending provisions by deleting reference to January 1, 2019, added new Subsec. (b) re evidence to be submitted by applicant for licensure as professional counselor associate, redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as new Subsec. (c) and amending same by adding reference to professional counselor associate, redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (d), and made technical and conforming changes.

Sec. 20-195ee. Disciplinary action. Grounds. The Commissioner of Public Health may take any disciplinary action set forth in section 19a-17 against a professional counselor or professional counselor associate for any of the following reasons: (1) Failure to conform to the accepted standards of the profession; (2) conviction of a felony; (3) fraud or deceit in obtaining or seeking reinstatement of a license to practice professional counseling; (4) fraud or deceit in the practice of professional counseling; (5) negligent, incompetent or wrongful conduct in professional activities; (6) physical, mental or emotional illness or disorder resulting in an inability to conform to the accepted standards of the profession; (7) alcohol or substance abuse; (8) wilful falsification of entries in any hospital, patient or other record pertaining to professional counseling; or (9) violation of any provision of sections 20-195aa to 20-195dd, inclusive, or any regulation adopted pursuant to section 20-195ff. The commissioner may order a license holder to submit to a reasonable physical or mental examination if his physical or mental capacity to practice safely is the subject of an investigation. The commissioner may petition the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford to enforce such order or any action taken pursuant to said section 19a-17. The commissioner shall give notice and an opportunity to be heard on any contemplated action under said section 19a-17.

(P.A. 88-230, S. 10, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4–6; P.A. 97-311, S. 5; P.A. 19-117, S. 175.)

History: (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230, 90-98, 93-142 and 95-220 authorized substitution of “judicial district of Hartford” for “judicial district of Hartford-New Britain” in public and special acts of 1997, effective September 1, 1998); P.A. 19-117 added reference to professional counselor associate.

Sec. 20-195ff. Regulations. The Commissioner of Public Health may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to further the purposes of subdivision (18) of subsection (c) of section 19a-14, subsection (e) of section 19a-88, subdivision (14) of section 19a-175, subsection (b) of section 20-9, sections 20-195aa to 20-195ee, inclusive, and section 20-195gg.

(P.A. 97-311, S. 6; P.A. 02-89, S. 48; P.A. 19-117, S. 167; 19-118, S. 59.)

History: P.A. 02-89 deleted reference to Subsec. (c) of Sec. 20-195c; P.A. 19-117 replaced reference to Sec. 20-195ff with reference to Sec. 20-195ee and replaced reference to Secs. 20-206jj to 20-206oo with reference to Sec. 20-195gg; P.A. 19-118 replaced “(15)” with “(14)”, effective July 1, 2019.

Sec. 20-195gg. Practice of professional counseling. Independent practice. (a) An individual licensed as a professional counselor pursuant to section 20-195dd may practice professional counseling. The practice of professional counseling includes, but is not limited to, engaging in the independent practice of professional counseling.

(b) An individual licensed as a professional counselor associate pursuant to subsection (d) of section 20-195dd may practice professional counseling under professional supervision. Except as provided in subsection (c) of section 20-195bb, a licensed professional counselor associate may not engage in the independent practice of professional counseling.

(P.A. 19-117, S. 166.)

Secs. 20-195hh to 20-195oo. Reserved for future use.