SELECTED IMPORTANT DATES IN
CONNECTICUT'S HISTORY

Prepared by the
Connecticut Commission on Culture and Tourism
 

1614--Adriaen Block, representing the Dutch, sails up the Connecticut River.
1633--The Dutch erect a fort, the House of (Good) Hope, on the future site of Hartford.
1633--John Oldham and others explore and trade along the Connecticut River.
           Plymouth Colony sends William Holmes to found a trading post at Windsor.
1634--Wethersfield founded by people from Massachusetts.
1634--First English arrive in Windsor.
1635--Fort erected at Saybrook by Lion Gardiner.
1635--Group from Dorchester, Massachusetts join Windsor settlement.
1636--Thomas Hooker and company journey from Newtown (Cambridge),
           Massachusetts to found Hartford.
1637--Pequot War. Captain John Mason leads colonists to decisive victory.
1638--New Haven Colony established by John Davenport and Theophilus Eaton.
1639--Fundamental Orders of Connecticut adopted by Freemen of Hartford,
           Wethersfield and Windsor; John Haynes chosen first Governor.
1643--Connecticut joins in forming the New England Confederation.
1646--New London founded by John Winthrop, Jr.
1650--Code of laws drawn up by Roger Ludlow and adopted by legislature.
1662--John Winthrop, Jr. obtains a charter for Connecticut.
1665--Union of New Haven and Connecticut Colonies completed.
1665--The first division of any Connecticut town--Lyme's separation from
           Saybrook.
1675-76--Connecticut participates in King Philip's War which was fought in
           Rhode Island and Massachusetts.
1687--Andros assumes rule over Connecticut; Charter Oak episode occurs.
1689--Connecticut resumes government under charter.
1701--Collegiate School authorized by General Assembly.
1708--Saybrook Platform permits churches to join regional consociations.
1717--New Haven State House erected on the Green.
1717--Collegiate School moves to New Haven; called Yale the next year.
1740--Manufacture of tinware begun at Berlin by Edward and William Pattison.
1740's--Height of religious "Great Awakening".
1745--Connecticut troops under Roger Wolcott help capture Louisburg.
1755--Connecticut Gazette of New Haven, the Colony's first newspaper, printed
           by James Parker at New Haven.
1763--Brick State House erected on New Haven Green.
1764--Connecticut Courant, the oldest American newspaper in continuous
           existence to the present, launched at Hartford by Thomas Green.
1765--Sharp opposition to Stamp Act.
1766--Governor Thomas Fitch who refused to reject the Stamp Act defeated by
           William Pitkin.
1767--Thomas and Samuel Green launch newspaper which after many changes
           becomes New Haven Journal-Courier.
1774--Connecticut officially extends jurisdiction over Susquehanna Company
           area in Northern Pennsylvania.
1774--Silas Deane, Eliphalet Dyer, and Roger Sherman represent Connecticut at
           First Continental Congress.
1775--Several thousand militia rush to Massachusetts in "Lexington Alarm."
1775--Connecticut men help plan and carry out seizure of Ft. Ticonderoga.
1775--First gun powder mill in Connecticut started in East Hartford.
1776--Samuel Huntington, Roger Sherman, William Williams and Oliver Wolcott
           sign the Declaration of Independence; large majority of Connecticut
           people under Governor Jonathan Trumbull support the Declaration.
1777--British troops under General Tryon raid Danbury.
1779--British troops under General Tryon raid New Haven, Fairfield and Norwalk.
1781--Benedict Arnold's attack upon New London and Groton involves massacre
           at Ft. Griswold.
1781--Washington and Rochambeau confer at Webb House in Wethersfield.
1783--Meeting of 10 Anglican clergy at Glebe House, Woodbury, leads to
           consecration of Bishop Samuel Seabury and beginning of Protestant
           Episcopal Church in United States.
1784--Tapping Reeve established the first law school in the United States in
           Litchfield.
1784--Earliest Connecticut cities incorporated--Hartford, Middletown, New
           Haven, New London and Norwich.
1784--Governor Trumbull retires from governorship.
1784--Connecticut relinquishes Westmoreland area to Pennsylvania.
1784--Act passed providing for emancipation at age of twenty-five of all
           Negroes born after March 1784.
1785--First Register and Manual published.
1787--Oliver Ellsworth, William Samuel Johnson and Roger Sherman serve as
           Connecticut's representatives at Philadelphia Constitutional Convention.
1788--Convention at Hartford approves Federal Constitution by 128-40 vote.
1789--Oliver Ellsworth and William Samuel Johnson begin service as first
           United States Senators from Connecticut.
1792--First turnpike road company, New London to Norwich, incorporated.
1792--First banks established at Hartford, New London and New Haven.
1793-96--Old State House, Hartford, erected; designed by Charles Bulfinch.
1795--Connecticut Western Reserve lands (now Northeastern Ohio) sold for
           $1,200,000 and the proceeds were used to establish the School Fund.
1795--First insurance company incorporated as the Mutual Assurance Company of
           the City of Norwich.
1796--Thomas Hubbard starts Courier at Norwich. In 1860 paper merges with the
           Morning Bulletin and continues as Norwich Bulletin to present.
1799--Eli Whitney procures his first Federal musket contract; within next
           decade develops a system of interchangable parts, applicable to industries.
1802--Brass industry begun at Waterbury by Abel Porter and associates.
1806--First important English dictionary in United States published by Noah Webster.
1810--Hartford Fire Insurance Company incorporated.
1812--Joseph Barber starts Columbian Register at New Haven. In 1911 combined
           with New Haven Register and continues as Register to present.
1812-14--War of 1812 unpopular in Connecticut; new manufactures,
           especially textiles, boom.
1814--Hartford Convention held in Old State House.
1815--First steamboat voyage up the Connecticut River to Hartford.
1817--Federalists defeated by reformers in political revolution.
1817--Thomas Gallaudet found school for the deaf in Hartford.
1817--Hartford Times founded by Frederick D. Bolles and John M. Niles.
1818--New Constitution adopted by convention in Hartford and approved by
           voters; ends system of established church.
1820--Captain Nathaniel Palmer of Stonington discovers the continent of Antarctica.
1822--Captain John Davis of New Haven becomes first man to set foot on the
           Antarctic Continent.
1823--Washington College (now Trinity) founded in Hartford.
1827--"New" State House erected in New Haven; Ithiel Town, architect.
1828--Farmington Canal opened.
1831--Wesleyan University founded in Middletown.
1831--Mutual Insurance Company of Hartford founded.
1832--First Connecticut railroad incorporated as the Boston, Norwich and New London.
1835--Revolver patented by Colt.
1835--Music Vale Seminary, first American music school, founded at Salem by
           Oramel Whittlesey.
1838--Railroad completed between New Haven and Hartford.
1839-41--The Amistad affair.
1840's and 1850's--Peak of whaling from Connecticut ports and especially
           from New London.
1842--Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, first public art museum, established.
1843--Charles Goodyear develops vulcanizing process for rubber.
1843--Civil rights of Jews protected through act guaranteeing equal privileges
           with Christians in forming religious societies.
1844--Dr. Horace Wells uses anesthesia at Hartford.
1846--Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company, the first life insurance
           company, chartered in Connecticut.
1847--First American agricultural experiment station--at Yale.
1848--Slavery abolished in Connecticut.
1849--First teachers' college founded at New Britain (now Central Connecticut
           State University).
1851--Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Company started (under another name) in
           Hartford.
1853--Aetna Life Insurance Company started in Hartford.
1860--Lincoln speaks in several Connecticut cities.
1861-65--Approximately 55,000 men serve in Union Army; William Buckingham
           wartime governor.
1864--Travelers Insurance issues its first policy.
1865--Connecticut General Life Insurance Company founded.
1868--Land at Groton given by Connecticut to U.S. Navy for a naval station; in
           April.
1875--Hartford made sole capital city.
1877--First telephone exchange in world opened in New Haven.
1879--New Capitol building in Hartford completed; Richard Upjohn, architect.
1881--Storrs Agricultural College founded (became University of Connecticut in
           1939).
1890--Disputed election causes Morgan Bulkeley to continue two extra years as
           governor (1891-93).
1897--Manufacture of automobiles begun by Pope Manufacturing Company of
           Hartford.
1900--First United States Navy submarine, Holland, constructed by Electric Boat Co.
1901--First American state law regulating automobile speeds.
1902--Constitutional Convention held; proposed new constitution defeated in a
           statewide referendum.
1905--General Assembly adopted public accommodations act
           ordering full and equal service in all places of public accommodation.
1907--The first Boy Scout Troop in Connecticut (Troop 1) was established in
           East Hartford.
1910--U.S. Coast Guard Academy moves to New London.
1911--Connecticut College for Women founded at New London.
1917--U.S. Navy Submarine School formally established at New London Naval
           Base, Groton.
1917- 18--Approximately 67,000 Connecticut men serve in World War 1.
1920--University of New Haven founded.
1927--University of Bridgeport founded.
1932--St. Joseph College founded in West Hartford.
1936--Floods cause enormous damage in Connecticut River Valley.
1938--Hurricane and floods produce heavy loss of life and property.
1938--First section of Merritt Parkway opened.
1939--First section of Wilbur Cross Parkway opened.
1941-45--Approximately 210,000 Connecticut men serve in World War II.
1943--General Assembly established Inter-Racial Commission, recognized as the
           nation's first statutory civil rights agency.
1944--Ringling Brothers Circus tent fire in Hartford took 168 lives.
1947--Fair Employment Practices Act adopted Outlawing job discrimination.
1950-52--Approximately 52,000 Connecticut men serve in Korean War,
1954--Nautilus, world's first atomic-Powered submarine, launched at Groton.
1955--Serious floods cause heavy damage and loss of life.
1955--Shakespeare Memorial Theater opened at Stratford.
1957--University of Hartford founded.
1957--Ground broken for first building in New Haven's Oak Street redevelopment
           area.
1958--129-mile Connecticut Turnpike opened.
1959--General Assembly votes to abolish county government (effective 1960); also to
           abolish local justice courts and establish district courts.
1960--Ground broken for first building in Hartford's Front Street redevelopment area;
           now known as Constitution plaza.
1961--New state circuit court system goes into effect.
1962-75--Approximately 104,000 Connecticut men and women served in the armed
           forces during the Vietnam War era.
1964--General Assembly creates six Congressional districts reasonably equal in
           population.
1965--Constitutional Convention held. New Constitution approved by voters.
1966--First elections held for reapportioned General Assembly under new
           Constitution.
1972--Under constitutional amendment adopted in 1970, General Assembly held
           first annual session since 1886.
1974--Ella Grasso, first woman elected Governor in Connecticut.
1978--Common pleas and juvenile courts become part of the superior court.
1982--Appellate Court created by Constitutional Amendment (Effective July 1,
           1983.)
1990--Eunice S. Groark, first woman elected lieutenant governor in Connecticut.
2001--Reapportionment Commission creates five Congressional districts due to
          national population shifts identified in the 2000 census.

 


PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES
 

Year of
qualification
Name State Term of Office
1789
1797
1801
1809
1817
1825
1829
1837
1841
1841
1845
1849
1850
1853
1857
1861
1865
1869
1877
1881
1881
1885
1889
1893
1897
1901
1909
1913
1921
1923
1929
1933
1945
1953
1961
1963
1969
1974
1977
1981
1989
1993
2001
George Washington
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
James Monroe.
John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson
Martin Van Buren
W. H. Harrison
1
John Tyler
James Knox Polk
Zachary Taylor
2
Millard Fillmore
Franklin Pierce
James Buchanan
Abraham Lincoln
3
Andrew Johnson
Ulysses S. Grant
Rutherford B. Hayes
James A. Garfield
4
Chester A. Arthur
Grover Cleveland
Benjamin Harrison
Grover Cleveland
William McKinley
5
Theodore Roosevelt
William H. Taft
Woodrow Wilson
Warren G.Harding
6
Calvin Coolidge
Herbert C. Hoover
Franklin D. Roosevelt
7
Harry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
8
Lyndon B. Johnson
9
Richard M. Nixon
10
Gerald R. Ford
11
Jimmy Carter
Ronald Reagan
George Bush
William J. Clinton
George W. Bush
Virginia
Massachusetts
Virginia
Virginia
Virginia
Massachusetts
Tennessee
New York
Ohio
Virginia.
Tennessee
Louisiana
New York
New Hampshire
Pennsylvania
Illinois
Tennessee
Illinois
Ohio
Ohio
New York
New York
Indiana
New York
Ohio
New York
Ohio
New Jersey
Ohio
Massachusetts
California
New York
Missouri
Pennsylvania
Massachusetts
Texas
New York
Michigan
Georgia
California
Texas
Arkansas
Texas
8 yrs.
4 yrs.
8 yrs.
8 yrs.
8 yrs.
4 yrs.
8 yrs.
4 yrs.
1 m.
3 yrs. 11 m.
4 yrs.
1 yr. 4 m. 5 d
2 yrs. 7 m. 26 d
4 yrs.
4 yrs.
4 yrs. 1 m. 10 d.
3 yrs. 10 m. 20 d
8 yrs.
4 yrs.
6 m. 15 d.
3 yrs. 5 m. 15 d.
4 yrs.
4 yrs.
4 yrs.
4 yrs. 6 m. 9 d.
7 yrs. 5 m. 21 d.
4 yrs.
8 yrs.
2 yrs. 4 m. 27 d.
5 yrs. 7 m. 4 d.
4 yrs.
12 yrs. 1 m. 8 d.
7 yrs. 9 m. 9 d.
8 yrs.
2 yrs. 10 m. 2 d.
5 yrs. 1 m. 29 d.
5 yrs. 6 m. 20 d.
2 yrs. 5 m. 11 d.
4 yrs.
8 yrs.
4 yrs.
8 yrs.
 

1Died in office, April 4, 1841, and was succeeded by Vice President Tyler.

2Died in office, July 9, 1850, and was succeeded by Vice President Fillmore.

3Assassinated April 14, 1865, and was succeeded by Vice President Johnson, April 15, 1865.

4Died September 19, 1881, from wounds by assassin, and was suceeded by Vice President Arthur.

5Died September 14, 1901, from wounds by assassin, and was succeeded by Vice President Roosevelt.

6Died in office, August 2, 1923, and was succeeded by Vice President Coolidge.

7Died in office, April 12, 1945, and was succeeded by Vice President Truman.

8Assassinated November 22, 1963, and was succeeded by Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson.

9Acceded to the Presidency November 22, 1963; elected President on November 3, 1964.

10Elected November 5, 1968, reelected November 7, 1972; resigned on August 9, 1974.

11Acceded to the Presidency August 9, 1974.

 


VICE PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES
 

 

Year of
qualification
Name State
1789
1797
1801
1805
1813
1817
1825
1833
1837
1841
1845
1849
1853
1857
1861
1865
1869
1873
1877
1881
1885
1889
1893
1897
1901
1905
1909
1913
1921
1925
1929
1933
1941
1945
1949
1953
1961
1965
1969
1973
1974
1977
1981
1989
1993
2001
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
Aaron Burr
George Clinton
1
Elbridge Gerry
2
Daniel D. Tompkins
John C. Calhoun
3
Martin Van Buren
Richard M. Johnson
John Tyler
4
George M. Dallas
Millard Fillmore
5
William R. King
1
John C. Breckinridge
Hannibal Hamlin
Andrew Johnson
6
Schuyler Colfax
Henry Wilson
1
William A. Wheeler
Chester A. Arthur
7
Thomas A. Hendricks
1
Levi P. Morton
Adlai E. Stevenson
Garret A. Hobart
1
Theodore Roosevelt
8
Charles W. Fairbanks
James S. Sherman
1
Thomas R. Marshall
Calvin Coolidge
9
Charles G. Dawes
Charles Curtis
John N. Garner
Henry A. Wallace
Harry S. Truman
10
Alben W. Barkley
Richard M. Nixon
Lyndon B. Johnson
11
Hubert H. Humphrey
Spiro T. Agnew
12
Gerald R. Ford
13
Nelson A. Rockefeller
14
Walter F. Mondale
George Bush
Dan Quayle
Albert A. Gore
Richard B. Cheney
Massachusetts
Virginia
New York
New York
Massachusetts
New York
South Carolina
New York
Kentucky
Virginia
Pennsylvania
New York
Alabama
Kentucky
Maine
Tennessee
Indiana
Massachusetts
New York
New York
Indiana
New York
Illinois
New Jersey
New York
Indiana
New York
Indiana
Massachusetts
Illinois
Kansas
Texas
Iowa
Missouri
Kentucky
California
Texas
Minnesota
Maryland
Michigan
New York
Minnesota
Texas
Indiana
Tennessee
Wyoming

1Died in office.

2Died in office, Nov. 23, 1814.

3Resigned December 28, 1832, to become U.S. Senator.

4Became President by death of Harrison.

5Became President by death of Taylor.

6Became President by death of Lincoln.

7Became President by death of Garfield.

8Became President by death of McKinley.

9Became President by death of Harding.

10Became President by death of Roosevelt.

11Became President by death of John F. Kennedy, November 22, 1963.

12Elected November 5, 1968; reelected November 7, 1972; resigned October 10, 1973.

13First Vice President nominated by the President and confirmed by the Congress pursuant to the 25th amendment to the Constitution of the United States; took oath of office on December 6, 1973; succeeded to the Presidency on August 9, 1974 upon resignation of Richard M. Nixon.

14Nominated to be Vice President by President Ford on August 20, 1974; confirmed by the Senate on December 10, 1974; confirmed by the House and took oath of office on December 19, 1974.