CHAPTER 946

OFFENSES AGAINST PUBLIC POLICY

Table of Contents

Sec. 53-344. Sale or delivery of cigarettes or tobacco products to persons under twenty-one. Misrepresentation of age to purchase cigarettes or tobacco products by persons under twenty-one. Transaction scans. Affirmative defense.

Sec. 53-344a. Sale of cigarettes or tobacco products. Proof of age.

Sec. 53-344b. Sale or delivery of electronic nicotine delivery systems or vapor products to persons under twenty-one years of age. Misrepresentation of age by persons under twenty-one years of age. Transaction scans. Affirmative defense.


Sec. 53-344. Sale or delivery of cigarettes or tobacco products to persons under twenty-one. Misrepresentation of age to purchase cigarettes or tobacco products by persons under twenty-one. Transaction scans. Affirmative defense. (a) As used in this section:

(1) “Cardholder” means any person who presents a driver's license or an identity card to a seller or seller's agent or employee, to purchase or receive tobacco from such seller or seller's agent or employee;

(2) “Cigarette” has the same meaning as provided in subsection (b) of section 12-285;

(3) “Identity card” means an identification card issued in accordance with the provisions of section 1-1h;

(4) “Sale” has the same meaning as provided in section 53-344b;

(5) “Give” or “giving” has the same meaning as provided in section 53-344b;

(6) “Deliver” or “delivering” has the same meaning as provided in section 53-344b;

(7) “Seller” means any person engaged in the sale, giving or delivering of cigarettes or tobacco products;

(8) “Tobacco products” has the same meaning as provided in section 12-330a;

(9) “Transaction scan” means the process by which a seller or seller's agent or employee checks, by means of a transaction scan device, the validity of a driver's license or an identity card; and

(10) “Transaction scan device” means any commercial device or combination of devices used at a point of sale that is capable of deciphering in an electronically readable format the information encoded on the magnetic strip or bar code of a driver's license or an identity card.

(b) Any person who sells, gives or delivers to any person under twenty-one years of age cigarettes or a tobacco product shall be fined not more than three hundred dollars for the first offense, not more than seven hundred fifty dollars for a second offense on or before twenty-four months after the date of the first offense and not more than one thousand dollars for each subsequent offense on or before twenty-four months after the date of the first offense. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to a person under twenty-one years of age who is delivering or accepting delivery of cigarettes or a tobacco product (1) in such person's capacity as an employee, or (2) as part of a scientific study being conducted by an organization for the purpose of medical research to further efforts in cigarette and tobacco product use prevention and cessation, provided such medical research has been approved by the organization's institutional review board, as defined in section 21a-408.

(c) Any person under twenty-one years of age who misrepresents such person's age to purchase cigarettes or a tobacco product shall be fined not more than fifty dollars for the first offense and not less than fifty dollars or more than one hundred dollars for each subsequent offense.

(d) (1) A seller or seller's agent or employee may perform a transaction scan to check the validity of a driver's license or identity card presented by a cardholder as a condition for selling, giving away or otherwise distributing cigarettes or a tobacco product to the cardholder.

(2) If the information deciphered by the transaction scan performed under subdivision (1) of this subsection fails to match the information printed on the driver's license or identity card presented by the cardholder, or if the transaction scan indicates that the information so printed is false or fraudulent, neither the seller nor any seller's agent or employee shall sell, give away or otherwise distribute any cigarettes or a tobacco product to the cardholder.

(3) Subdivision (1) of this subsection does not preclude a seller or seller's agent or employee from using a transaction scan device to check the validity of a document other than a driver's license or an identity card, if the document includes a bar code or magnetic strip that may be scanned by the device, as a condition for selling, giving away or otherwise distributing cigarettes or a tobacco product to the person presenting the document.

(e) (1) No seller or seller's agent or employee shall electronically or mechanically record or maintain any information derived from a transaction scan, except the following: (A) The name and date of birth of the person listed on the driver's license or identity card presented by a cardholder; (B) the expiration date and identification number of the driver's license or identity card presented by a cardholder.

(2) No seller or seller's agent or employee shall use a transaction scan device for a purpose other than the purposes specified in subsection (e) of section 53-344b, subsection (d) of this section or subsection (c) of section 30-86.

(3) No seller or seller's agent or employee shall sell or otherwise disseminate the information derived from a transaction scan to any third party, including, but not limited to, selling or otherwise disseminating that information for any marketing, advertising or promotional activities, but a seller or seller's agent or employee may release that information pursuant to a court order.

(4) Nothing in subsection (d) of this section or this subsection relieves a seller or seller's agent or employee of any responsibility to comply with any other applicable state or federal laws or rules governing the sale, giving away or other distribution of cigarettes or tobacco products.

(5) Any person who violates this subsection shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars.

(f) (1) In any prosecution of a seller or seller's agent or employee for a violation of subsection (b) of this section, it shall be an affirmative defense that all of the following occurred: (A) A cardholder attempting to purchase or receive cigarettes or a tobacco product presented a driver's license or an identity card; (B) a transaction scan of the driver's license or identity card that the cardholder presented indicated that the license or card was valid and indicated that the cardholder was at least twenty-one years of age; and (C) the cigarettes or a tobacco product was sold, given away or otherwise distributed to the cardholder in reasonable reliance upon the identification presented and the completed transaction scan.

(2) In determining whether a seller or seller's agent or employee has proven the affirmative defense provided by subdivision (1) of this section, the trier of fact in such prosecution shall consider that reasonable reliance upon the identification presented and the completed transaction scan may require a seller or seller's agent or employee to exercise reasonable diligence and that the use of a transaction scan device does not excuse a seller or seller's agent or employee from exercising such reasonable diligence to determine the following: (A) Whether a person to whom the seller or seller's agent or employee sells, gives away or otherwise distributes cigarettes or a tobacco product is twenty-one years of age or older; and (B) whether the description and picture appearing on the driver's license or identity card presented by a cardholder is that of the cardholder.

(1949 Rev., S. 8679; P.A. 87-374, S. 2, 3; P.A. 92-66, S. 4; P.A. 96-240, S. 8, 10; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 36, 121; P.A. 01-92, S. 2; P.A. 03-19, S. 124; P.A. 08-184, S. 62; P.A. 14-76, S. 5; P.A. 17-146, S. 37; P.A. 19-13, S. 14.)

History: P.A. 87-374 raised applicable age from 16 to 18; P.A. 92-66 amended Subsec. (a) to increase fine from $25 to $50 and added Subsec. (b) to add fine for minors who purchase tobacco products; P.A. 96-240 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the fine for a first offense and to provide increased fines for a second and subsequent offenses and to specify that minors may handle tobacco in course of their duties as employees, effective June 6, 1996; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective June 24, 1998; P.A. 01-92 added new Subsec. (a) re definitions, designated existing Subsecs. (a) and (b) as Subsecs. (b) and (c) and made technical changes therein for purposes of gender neutrality, added new Subsec. (d) re use of a transaction scan device, added new Subsec. (e) re prohibited acts and added new Subsec. (f) re affirmative defense; P.A. 03-19 made a technical change in Subsec. (c), effective May 12, 2003; P.A. 08-184 amended Subsec. (c) by prohibiting persons under eighteen from possessing tobacco in any form in any public place and by defining “public place”; P.A. 14-76 amended Subsec. (e)(2) to add reference to Sec. 53-344b(e); P.A. 17-146 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “minor” with “person”, replacing references to 18 month period with references to 24 month period, adding provision re person delivering or accepting delivery of tobacco as part of scientific study for purpose of medical research, and making technical and conforming changes; P.A. 19-13 amended Subsec. (a) by adding new Subdiv. (2) defining “cigarette”, redesignating existing Subdiv. (2) as Subdiv. (3), adding new Subdivs. (4) to (8) defining “sale”, “give” or “giving”, “deliver” or “delivering”, “seller”, and “tobacco products”, respectively, and redesignating existing Subdivs. (3) and (4) as Subdivs. (9) and (10), amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “eighteen” with “twenty-one”, increasing fine for first offense from $200 to $300, increasing fine for second offense from $350 to $750 and increasing fine for each subsequent offense from $500 to $1,000, amended Subsec. (c) by replacing “eighteen” with “twenty-one”, deleting references to purchasing and possessing, and deleting definition of “public place”, amended Subsec. (f) by adding provision re indication that cardholder is at least age 21 in Subdiv. (1)(B) and replacing “eighteen” with “twenty-one” in Subdiv. (2), added references to cigarettes, replaced references to tobacco with references to tobacco product, and made technical changes.

Sec. 53-344a. Sale of cigarettes or tobacco products. Proof of age. Each retailer of cigarettes or tobacco products or agent, employee or representative of such retailer shall require a person who is purchasing or attempting to purchase cigarettes or tobacco products, who appears to be under the age of thirty, to exhibit proper proof of age. If a person fails to provide such proof of age, such retailer or agent, employee or representative shall not sell cigarettes or tobacco products to the person. As used in this section, “proper proof” means a motor vehicle operator's license, a valid passport or an identity card issued in accordance with the provisions of section 1-1h.

(P.A. 92-66, S. 5; P.A. 19-13, S. 15.)

History: P.A. 19-13 added references to agent and representative and replaced “whose age is in question” with “who appears to be under the age of thirty”.

Sec. 53-344b. Sale or delivery of electronic nicotine delivery systems or vapor products to persons under twenty-one years of age. Misrepresentation of age by persons under twenty-one years of age. Transaction scans. Affirmative defense. (a) As used in this section:

(1) “Electronic nicotine delivery system” has the same meaning as provided in section 21a-415;

(2) “Cardholder” means any person who presents a driver's license or an identity card to a seller or seller's agent or employee, to purchase or receive an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product from such seller or seller's agent or employee;

(3) “Identity card” means an identification card issued in accordance with the provisions of section 1-1h;

(4) “Transaction scan” means the process by which a seller or seller's agent or employee checks, by means of a transaction scan device, the validity of a driver's license or an identity card;

(5) “Transaction scan device” means any commercial device or combination of devices used at a point of sale that is capable of deciphering in an electronically readable format the information encoded on the magnetic strip or bar code of a driver's license or an identity card;

(6) “Sale” or “sell” means an act done intentionally by any person, whether done as principal, proprietor, agent, servant or employee, of transferring, or offering or attempting to transfer, for consideration, an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product, including bartering or exchanging, or offering to barter or exchange, an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product;

(7) “Give” or “giving” means an act done intentionally by any person, whether done as principal, proprietor, agent, servant or employee, of transferring, or offering or attempting to transfer, without consideration, an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product;

(8) “Deliver” or “delivering” means an act done intentionally by any person, whether as principal, proprietor, agent, servant or employee, of transferring, or offering or attempting to transfer, physical possession or control of an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product;

(9) “Vapor product” has the same meaning as provided in section 21a-415; and

(10) “Seller” means any person who sells, gives or delivers an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product.

(b) Any person who sells, gives or delivers to any person under twenty-one years of age an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product in any form shall be fined not more than three hundred dollars for the first offense, not more than seven hundred fifty dollars for a second offense on or before twenty-four months after the date of the first offense and not more than one thousand dollars for each subsequent offense on or before twenty-four months after the date of the first offense. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to a person under twenty-one years of age who is delivering or accepting delivery of an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product (1) in such person's capacity as an employee, or (2) as part of a scientific study being conducted by an organization for the purpose of medical research to further efforts in tobacco use prevention and cessation, provided such medical research has been approved by the organization's institutional review board, as defined in section 21a-408.

(c) Any person under twenty-one years of age who misrepresents such person's age to purchase an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product in any form shall be fined not more than fifty dollars for the first offense and not less than fifty dollars or more than one hundred dollars for each subsequent offense.

(d) (1) A seller or seller's agent or employee may perform a transaction scan to check the validity of a driver's license or identity card presented by a cardholder as a condition for selling, giving or otherwise delivering an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product to the cardholder.

(2) If the information deciphered by the transaction scan performed under subdivision (1) of this subsection fails to match the information printed on the driver's license or identity card presented by the cardholder, or if the transaction scan indicates that the information so printed is false or fraudulent, neither the seller nor any seller's agent or employee shall sell, give or otherwise deliver any electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product to the cardholder.

(3) Subdivision (1) of this subsection does not preclude a seller or seller's agent or employee from using a transaction scan device to check the validity of a document other than a driver's license or an identity card, if the document includes a bar code or magnetic strip that may be scanned by the device, as a condition for selling, giving or otherwise delivering an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product to the person presenting the document.

(e) (1) No seller or seller's agent or employee shall electronically or mechanically record or maintain any information derived from a transaction scan, except the following: (A) The name and date of birth of the person listed on the driver's license or identity card presented by a cardholder; and (B) the expiration date and identification number of the driver's license or identity card presented by a cardholder.

(2) No seller or seller's agent or employee shall use a transaction scan device for a purpose other than the purposes specified in subsection (d) of this section, subsection (d) of section 53-344 or subsection (c) of section 30-86.

(3) No seller or seller's agent or employee shall sell or otherwise disseminate the information derived from a transaction scan to any third party, including, but not limited to, selling or otherwise disseminating that information for any marketing, advertising or promotional activities, but a seller or seller's agent or employee may release that information pursuant to a court order.

(4) Nothing in subsection (d) of this section or this subsection relieves a seller or seller's agent or employee of any responsibility to comply with any other applicable state or federal laws or rules governing selling, giving or otherwise delivering electronic nicotine delivery systems or vapor products.

(5) Any person who violates this subsection shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars.

(f) (1) In any prosecution of a seller or seller's agent or employee for a violation of subsection (b) of this section, it shall be an affirmative defense that all of the following occurred: (A) A cardholder attempting to purchase or receive an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product presented a driver's license or an identity card; (B) a transaction scan of the driver's license or identity card that the cardholder presented indicated that the license or card was valid and indicated that the cardholder was at least twenty-one years of age; and (C) the electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product was sold, given or otherwise delivered to the cardholder in reasonable reliance upon the identification presented and the completed transaction scan.

(2) In determining whether a seller or seller's agent or employee has proven the affirmative defense provided by subdivision (1) of this section, the trier of fact in such prosecution shall consider that reasonable reliance upon the identification presented and the completed transaction scan may require a seller or seller's agent or employee to exercise reasonable diligence and that the use of a transaction scan device does not excuse a seller or seller's agent or employee from exercising such reasonable diligence to determine the following: (A) Whether a person to whom the seller or seller's agent or employee sells, gives or otherwise delivers an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product is twenty-one years of age or older; and (B) whether the description and picture appearing on the driver's license or identity card presented by a cardholder is that of the cardholder.

(g) Each seller of electronic nicotine delivery systems or vapor products or such seller's agent or employee shall require a person who is purchasing or attempting to purchase an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product and appears to be under the age of thirty to exhibit proper proof of age. If a person fails to provide such proof of age, such seller or seller's agent or employee shall not sell an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product to the person. As used in this subsection, “proper proof” means a motor vehicle operator's license, a valid passport or an identity card issued in accordance with the provisions of section 1-1h.

(P.A. 14-76, S. 1; P.A. 15-244, S. 108; P.A. 17-146, S. 38; P.A. 19-13, S. 16.)

History: P.A. 15-244 amended Subsec. (a) to add references to Secs. 21a-415 and 21a-415a, redefine “electronic nicotine delivery system” by adding reference to electronic cigarette liquid in Subdiv. (1), and add Subdiv. (10) defining “electronic cigarette liquid”, effective January 1, 2016; P.A. 17-146 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “minor” with “person”, replacing references to 18 month period with references to 24 month period, adding provision re person delivering or accepting delivery of an electronic nicotine delivery system or vapor product as part of scientific study for purpose of medical research, and making technical and conforming changes; P.A. 19-13 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting references to Secs. 21a-415 and 21a-415a, redefining “electronic nicotine delivery system” in Subdiv. (1), redefining “vapor product” in Subdiv. (9), deleting former Subdiv. (10) defining “electronic cigarette liquid”, and adding new Subdiv. (10) defining “seller”, amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “eighteen” with “twenty-one”, increasing fine for first offense from $200 to $300, increasing fine for second offense from $350 to $750, and increasing fine for subsequent offense from $500 to $1,000, amended Subsec. (c) by replacing “eighteen” with “twenty-one”, deleting references to purchases and possession, and deleting definition of “public place”, amended Subsec. (f) by adding provision re indication that cardholder was at least age 21 in Subdiv. (1)(B), replacing “eighteen” with “twenty-one” in Subdiv. (2)(A), amended Subsec. (g) by replacing “, whose age is in question,” with “and appears to be under the age of thirty”, and made technical changes.