CHAPTER 184c

OFFICE OF EARLY CHILDHOOD

Table of Contents

Sec. 10-500. Office of Early Childhood. Commissioner. Responsibilities. Successor department. Connecticut Head Start State Collaboration Office.

Sec. 10-500a. Authority of office re licensing matters.

Sec. 10-501. Early childhood information system.

Sec. 10-502. (Formerly Sec. 10-16bb). Collaboration with local and regional early childhood councils.

Sec. 10-503. Early childhood accountability plan. Report cards. Report.

Sec. 10-504. Child care development block grant administered by the Office of Early Childhood.

Sec. 10-505. Grant program for costs associated with classroom start-up and new spaces in certain school readiness programs.

Sec. 10-506. Connecticut Smart Start competitive grant program.

Sec. 10-507. Smart start competitive capital grant account. Smart start competitive operating grant account.

Sec. 10-508. Bond authorization for the Smart Start competitive grant program.

Sec. 10-509. Expenditure of certain funds for early care and education and child development programs.

Secs. 10-510 to 10-514. Reserved

Sec. 10-515. Preschool experience survey.

Sec. 10-516. Competitive grants for alliance school districts.

Secs. 10-517 to 10-519. Reserved

Sec. 10-520. Trend analysis of certain bachelor's degree programs in early childhood education or child development.

Sec. 10-520a. Report re staff qualifications requirement compliance.

Sec. 10-520b. Early childhood teacher credential.

Secs. 10-521 to 10-529. Reserved

Sec. 10-530. Comprehensive background checks.


Sec. 10-500. Office of Early Childhood. Commissioner. Responsibilities. Successor department. Connecticut Head Start State Collaboration Office. (a) There is established an Office of Early Childhood. The office shall be under the direction of the Commissioner of Early Childhood, whose appointment shall be made by the Governor. Such appointment shall be in accordance with the provisions of sections 4-5 to 4-8, inclusive. The commissioner shall be responsible for implementing the policies and directives of the office. The commissioner shall have the authority to designate any employee as his or her agent to exercise all or part of the authority, powers and duties of the commissioner in his or her absence. Said office shall be within the Department of Education for administrative purposes only.

(b) The office shall be responsible for:

(1) Delivering services to young children and their families to ensure optimal health, safety and learning for each young child, including, but not limited to, coordinating agency efforts and data sharing in the two-generational initiative established pursuant to section 17b-112l;

(2) Developing and implementing the early childhood information system, in accordance with the provisions of section 10-501;

(3) Developing and reporting on the early childhood accountability plan, in accordance with the provisions of section 10-503;

(4) Implementing a communications strategy for outreach to families, service providers and policymakers;

(5) Beginning a state-wide longitudinal evaluation of the school readiness program examining the educational progress of children from prekindergarten programs to grade four, inclusive;

(6) Developing, coordinating and supporting public and private partnerships to aid early childhood initiatives;

(7) Developing a state-wide developmentally appropriate kindergarten entrance inventory that measures a child's level of preparedness for kindergarten, but shall not be used as a measurement tool for program accountability;

(8) Creating a unified set of reporting requirements for the purpose of collecting the data elements necessary to perform quality assessments and longitudinal analysis;

(9) Comparing and analyzing data collected pursuant to reporting requirements created under subdivision (8) of this subsection with the data collected in the state-wide public school information system, pursuant to section 10-10a, for population-level analysis of children and families;

(10) Continually monitoring and evaluating all early care and education and child development programs and services, focusing on program outcomes in satisfying the health, safety, developmental and educational needs of all children, while retaining distinct separation between quality improvement services and licensing services for child care centers, group child care homes and family child care homes;

(11) Coordinating home visitation services across programs for young children;

(12) Providing information and technical assistance to persons seeking early care and education and child development programs and services;

(13) Assisting state agencies and municipalities in obtaining available federal funding for early care and education and child development programs and services;

(14) Providing technical assistance to providers of early care and education programs and services to obtain licensing and improve program quality;

(15) Establishing a quality rating and improvement system developed by the office that covers home-based, center-based and school-based early child care and learning;

(16) Maintaining an accreditation facilitation initiative to assist early childhood care and education program and service providers in achieving national standards and program improvement;

(17) Consulting with the Early Childhood Cabinet, established pursuant to section 10-16z, and the Head Start advisory committee, established pursuant to section 10-16n;

(18) Ensuring a coordinated and comprehensive state-wide system of professional development for providers and staff of early care and education and child development programs and services;

(19) Providing families with opportunities for choice in services including quality child care and community-based family-centered services;

(20) Integrating early childhood care and education and special education services;

(21) Promoting universal access to early childhood care and education;

(22) Ensuring nonduplication of monitoring and evaluation;

(23) Performing any other activities that will assist in the provision of early care and education and child development programs and services;

(24) Developing early learning and development standards to be used by early care and education providers;

(25) Developing and implementing a performance-based evaluation system to evaluate licensed child care centers, in accordance with the provisions of section 17b-749f; and

(26) Promoting the delivery of services to infants and toddlers to ensure optimal health, safety and learning of children from birth to three years of age.

(c) The Office of Early Childhood may enter into memoranda of agreement with and accept donations from nonprofit and philanthropic organizations to accomplish the purposes of this section.

(d) The Office of Early Childhood shall constitute a successor department, in accordance with the provisions of sections 4-38d, 4-38e and 4-39, to (1) the Department of Education with respect to sections 8-210, 10-16n, 10-16p to 10-16r, inclusive, 10-16u, 10-16w, 10-16aa, 17b-749a, 17b-749c and 17b-749g to 17b-749i, inclusive; (2) the Department of Social Services (A) with respect to sections 17b-12, 17b-705a, 17b-730, 17b-733, 17b-738, 17b-749, 17b-749d to 17b-749f, inclusive, 17b-749j, 17b-749k, 17b-750 to 17b-751a, inclusive, and 17b-751d, and (B) for the purpose of administering the child care development block grant pursuant to the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990; (3) the Department of Public Health (A) with respect to sections 10a-194c, 12-634, 17a-28, 17a-101 and 19a-80f, (B) for the purpose of regulating child care services pursuant to sections 19a-77, 19a-79, 19a-80, 19a-82 and 19a-84 to 19a-87e, inclusive, (C) for the purpose of the conduct of regulation of youth camps, pursuant to sections 19a-420 to 19a-434, inclusive, and (D) for the purpose of administering the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program authorized under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, P.L. 111-148; and (4) the Department of Developmental Services with respect to sections 17a-248, 17a-248b to 17a-248h, inclusive, 38a-490a and 38a-516a.

(e) The Connecticut Head Start State Collaboration Office shall be based in the Office of Early Childhood.

(P.A. 14-39, S. 4; P.A. 15-73, S. 5; 15-143, S. 12; 15-227, S. 24–26; P.A. 16-100, S. 4; 16-163, S. 7; P.A. 17-146, S. 47; P.A. 18-19, S. 3; 18-184, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 14-39 effective May 28, 2014 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (d)(1), a reference to repealed Sec. 10-16s was replaced editorially by the Revisors with a reference to Sec. 10-16r for accuracy); P.A. 15-73 amended Subsec.(d)(2)(A) to delete reference to Sec. 17b-739, effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 15-143 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective June 30, 2015; P.A. 15-227 amended Subsec. (b)(7) by deleting “and implementing” and replacing “assessment tool” with “entrance inventory” and amended Subsec. (d) by deleting reference to Sec. 17b-751e, effective July 1, 2015; pursuant to P.A. 15-227, “child day care centers” and “child day care services” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “child care centers” and “child care services”, respectively, in Subsecs. (b)(25) and (d), effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 16-100 amended Subsec. (d) by deleting “to 17b-736, inclusive” and adding Subdiv. (4) re Department of Developmental Services, effective June 2, 2016; P.A. 16-163 amended Subsec. (b)(10) by deleting “child day care” and adding “for child care centers, group child care homes and family child care homes”, effective June 9, 2016; P.A. 17-146 added Subsec. (e) re Connecticut Head Start State Collaboration Office, effective June 30, 2017; P.A. 18-19 amended Subsec. (b) by adding provision re two-generational initiative in Subdiv. (1) and deleting reference to September 1, 2014 in Subdiv. (5), effective May 25, 2018; P.A. 18-184 amended Subsec. (b) by adding Subdiv. (26) re promoting delivery of services to infants and toddlers to ensure optimal health, safety and learning of children from birth to three years of age and making technical changes, effective July 1, 2018.

See Sec. 4-38f for definition of “administrative purposes only”.

Sec. 10-500a. Authority of office re licensing matters. The Commissioner of Early Childhood may enter into stipulations, agreements, memoranda of understanding, interim consent orders or consent orders relating to licensing matters under chapters 368a and 368r with:

(1) Any person, group of persons, association, organization, corporation, institution or agency, public or private, (A) maintaining (i) a licensed child care center or group child care home, pursuant to section 19a-80, or (ii) a licensed family child care home, pursuant to section 19a-87b, or (B) applying for a license for (i) a child care center or group home, pursuant to section 19a-80, or (ii) a family child care home, pursuant to section 19a-87b;

(2) Any person who (A) establishes, conducts or maintains a licensed youth camp, pursuant to section 19a-421, or (B) is applying for a license for a youth camp, pursuant to section 19a-421;

(3) Any person acting or seeking to act as an assistant or substitute staff member in a family child care home, pursuant to subsection (b) of section 19a-87b;

(4) Any person or entity who is the subject of an investigation or disciplinary action pursuant to section 19a-80f, 19a-84, 19a-87a, 19a-87e, 19a-423 or 19a-429 while holding a license issued by the Office of Early Childhood; or

(5) Any party in a contested case in which the office is a party.

(P.A. 16-100, S. 7.)

History: P.A. 16-100 effective June 2, 2016.

Sec. 10-501. Early childhood information system. (a) The Office of Early Childhood shall develop and implement an early childhood information system. Such early childhood information system shall facilitate and encourage the sharing of data between and among early childhood service providers by tracking (1) the health, safety and school readiness of all young children receiving early care and education services from (A) any local or regional board of education, including children enrolled in a preschool program under the Connecticut Smart Start competitive grant program, pursuant to section 10-506, (B) any school readiness program, as defined in section 10-16p, or (C) any program receiving public funding, in a manner similar to the system described in section 10-10a, (2) the characteristics of the existing and potential workforce serving such children, (3) the characteristics of such programs serving such children, and (4) data collected from the preschool experience survey, described in section 10-515.

(b) Any local or regional board of education, school readiness program, or any child care center as described in subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of section 19a-77, and licensed by the Department of Public Health or the Office of Early Childhood, shall ensure that all children and all staff in a school under the jurisdiction of such board, program or center are entered into the early childhood information system.

(P.A. 14-39, S. 7; 14-41, S. 2; P.A. 15-134, S. 7; 15-143, S. 13; 15-227, S. 25.)

History: P.A. 14-39 effective May 28, 2014; P.A. 14-41 amended Subsec. (a)(1)(A) by adding provision re children enrolled in a preschool program under Connecticut Smart Start competitive grant program, effective May 28, 2014; P.A. 15-134 amended Subsec. (a)(4) by deleting “if any”, effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 15-143 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(1)(B), effective June 30, 2015; pursuant to P.A. 15-227, “child day care center” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “child care center” in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 2015.

Sec. 10-502. (Formerly Sec. 10-16bb). Collaboration with local and regional early childhood councils. The Office of Early Childhood shall collaborate with and may, within available appropriations, provide funding to local and regional early childhood councils for the implementation of early care and education and child development programs at the local level. Such early childhood councils shall: (1) Develop and implement a comprehensive plan for an early childhood system for the community served by such early childhood council, (2) develop policy and program planning, (3) encourage community participation by emphasizing substantial parental involvement, (4) collect, analyze and evaluate data with a focus on program and service outcomes, (5) allocate resources, and (6) perform any other functions that will assist in the provision of early childhood programs and services. Such early childhood councils may enter into memoranda of agreement with the local or regional school readiness council, described in section 10-16r, of the town or region served by such early childhood council to perform the duties and functions of a school readiness council, in accordance with the provisions of section 10-16r, or if no such local or regional school readiness council exists for the town or region of such early childhood council, perform the duties and functions of a school readiness council, in accordance with the provisions of section 10-16r.

(P.A. 11-181, S. 2; P.A. 12-116, S. 3; P.A. 14-39, S. 6; P.A. 15-134, S. 3.)

History: P.A. 11-181 effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 12-116 amended Subsec. (b)(10) by replacing “create, implement and maintain a” with “incorporate the” and adding “developed by the Department of Education”, effective July 1, 2012; P.A. 14-39 deleted former Subsecs. (a), (b) and (d) re coordinated system of early care and education and child development, system functions and memoranda of agreement with and acceptance of donations from nonprofit and philanthropic organizations, deleted Subsec. (c) designator, replaced “The coordinated system of early care and education and child development” with “The Office of Early Childhood”, replaced “to implement the coordinated system of” with “in the implementation of”, added “programs” re child development and made a technical change, effective May 28, 2014; Sec. 10-16bb transferred to Sec. 10-502 in 2015; P.A. 15-134 added “and may, within available appropriations, provide funding to” and made a technical change, effective July 1, 2015.

Sec. 10-503. Early childhood accountability plan. Report cards. Report. (a) Not later than December 31, 2015, the Office of Early Childhood shall develop, in consultation with the Early Childhood Cabinet, established pursuant to section 10-16z, an early childhood accountability plan. Such plan shall (1) identify and define appropriate population indicators and program and system performance measures of the health, safety and readiness of children to enter kindergarten, and early school success of children, and shall identify any new or improved data required for such purposes; and (2) include aggregate information on the characteristics of children and programs tracked by the early childhood information system, developed pursuant to section 10-501, including, but not limited to, family income, whether the families of such children receive assistance through temporary assistance for needy families, pursuant to section 17b-112, or a similar program, and the communities in which such children reside using a performance measurement accountability framework.

(b) Not later than July 1, 2015, and annually thereafter, the office shall develop report cards containing the indicators and performance measures identified in the early childhood accountability plan.

(c) Not later than January 15, 2016, the Office of Early Childhood shall (1) submit the early childhood accountability plan, and (2) annually report on the results of such plan and report cards to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education and appropriations, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a.

(P.A. 14-39, S. 8.)

History: P.A. 14-39 effective May 28, 2014.

Sec. 10-504. Child care development block grant administered by the Office of Early Childhood. The Office of Early Childhood is designated as the state agency for the administration of the child care development block grant pursuant to the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990.

(P.A. 14-39, S. 20.)

History: P.A. 14-39 effective July 1, 2014.

Sec. 10-505. Grant program for costs associated with classroom start-up and new spaces in certain school readiness programs. (a) For purposes of this section:

(1) “Eligible town” means a town in which a priority school, as defined in section 10-16p, is located or a town ranked one to fifty when all towns are ranked in ascending order according to town wealth, as defined in subdivision (26) of section 10-262f, whose school district is not a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p;

(2) “Eligible regional school readiness council” means a regional school readiness council, pursuant to subsection (c) of section 10-16r, for a region in which a priority school is located;

(3) “Eligible children” means children (A) three and four years of age and children five years of age who are not eligible to enroll in school pursuant to section 10-15c, or who are eligible to enroll in school and will attend a school readiness program pursuant to section 10-16t, and (B) who reside (i) in an area served by a priority school or a former priority school, as described in subdivision (2) of subsection (d) of section 10-16p, (ii) in a town ranked one to fifty when all towns are ranked in ascending order according to town wealth, as defined in subdivision (26) of section 10-262f, whose school district is not a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p, (iii) in a town formerly a town described in clause (ii) of this subparagraph, as provided for in subdivision (2) of subsection (d) of section 10-16p, or (iv) in a town designated as an alliance district, as defined in section 10-262u, whose school district is not a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p;

(4) “School readiness program” has the same meaning as provided in section 10-16p;

(5) “Priority school” has the same meaning as provided in section 10-16p;

(6) “Accredited” has the same meaning as provided in section 10-16p; and

(7) “Seeking accreditation” has the same meaning as provided in section 10-16p.

(b) The Commissioner of Early Childhood shall establish a grant program for eligible towns and eligible regional school readiness councils for (1) start-up of school readiness classrooms, and (2) providing spaces to all eligible children in accredited school readiness programs and school readiness programs seeking accreditation. An eligible town or eligible regional school readiness council may apply for such grant to the commissioner, at such time and in such manner as the commissioner prescribes.

(P.A. 14-39, S. 85.)

History: P.A. 14-39 effective July 1, 2014.

Sec. 10-506. Connecticut Smart Start competitive grant program. (a) For the fiscal years ending June 30, 2015, to June 30, 2024, inclusive, the Office of Early Childhood, in consultation with the Department of Education, shall design and administer the Connecticut Smart Start competitive grant program to provide grants to local and regional boards of education for capital and operating expenses related to establishing or expanding a preschool program under the jurisdiction of the board of education for the town. A local or regional board of education may submit an application to the office, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, and may receive (1) a grant for capital expenses in an amount not to exceed seventy-five thousand dollars per classroom for costs related to the renovation of an existing public school to accommodate the establishment or expansion of a preschool program, and (2) an annual grant for operating expenses (A) in an amount not to exceed five thousand dollars per child served by such grant, or (B) in an amount not to exceed seventy-five thousand dollars for each preschool classroom, provided no town shall receive a total annual grant for operating expenses greater than three hundred thousand dollars. Each local or regional board of education that establishes or expands a preschool program under this section shall be eligible to receive an annual grant for operating expenses for a period of five years, provided such preschool program meets standards established by the Commissioner of Early Childhood. Such local or regional board of education may submit an application for renewal of such grant to the office.

(b) On and after July 1, 2014, local and regional boards of education, individually or cooperatively, pursuant to section 10-158a, may apply, at such time and in such manner as the commissioner prescribes, to the office for a capital grant and an operating grant for the purposes described in subsection (a) of this section. To be eligible to receive such grants under this section, an applicant board of education shall (1) demonstrate that it has a need for establishing or expanding a preschool program using information requested by the commissioner on a form prescribed by the commissioner, such as data collected from the preschool experience survey, described in section 10-515, (2) submit a plan for the expenditure of grant funds received under this section that outlines how such board of education will use such funds to establish or expand a preschool program, including, but not limited to, the amount that such board will contribute to the operation of such preschool program and how such board of education will provide access to preschool for children who would not otherwise be able to enroll in a preschool program, and (3) submit a letter of support for establishing or expanding a preschool program by the local or regional school readiness council, described in section 10-16r, if any, for the school district. The commissioner shall give priority to boards of education (A) that demonstrate the greatest need for the establishment or expansion of a preschool program, and (B) whose plan allocates at least sixty per cent of the spaces in such preschool program to children who are members of families that are at or below seventy-five per cent of the state median income, or fifty per cent of the spaces in such preschool program to children who are eligible for free and reduced price lunches. The commissioner, in reviewing applications submitted under this subsection, shall also take into consideration (i) whether an applicant board of education (I) currently offers a full-day kindergarten program, (II) will be cooperating and coordinating with other governmental and community programs to provide services during periods when the preschool program is not in session, or (III) will collaborate with other boards of education, as part of a cooperative arrangement pursuant to section 10-158a, to offer a regional preschool program, and (ii) current community capacity for preschool programs and current opportunities for preschool for children in the community.

(c) A preschool program created or expanded under this section shall (1) contain a classroom with an individual who holds certification pursuant to section 10-145b with an endorsement in early childhood education or early childhood special education and is an employee of the board of education providing a preschool program under this section, (2) maintain a classroom size and teacher-child ratio that is in compliance with standards established by the National Association for the Education of Young Children, (3) obtain accreditation, as described in section 10-16p, not later than three years after the creation or expansion of the preschool program, and (4) be located in a public school or in a space maintained by an early care and education and child development program provider, pursuant to an agreement between a board of education and such early care and education and child development program provider.

(d) Each local or regional board of education receiving a grant under this section shall submit an annual report, on a form and in a manner prescribed by the commissioner, to the Office of Early Childhood regarding the status and operation of the preschool program.

(e) A local or regional board of education receiving grant funds under this section may implement a sliding fee scale for the cost of services provided to children enrolled in such preschool program.

(P.A. 14-41, S. 1; P.A. 15-227, S. 12.)

History: P.A. 14-41 effective July 1, 2014; P.A. 15-227 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “reimburse” with “provide grants to”, effective July 1, 2015.

Sec. 10-507. Smart start competitive capital grant account. Smart start competitive operating grant account. (a) There is established an account to be known as the “smart start competitive capital grant account” which shall be a capital projects fund. The account shall contain the amounts authorized by the State Bond Commission in accordance with section 10-508 and any other moneys required by law to be deposited in the account. Moneys in the account shall be expended by the Office of Early Childhood for the purposes of the Connecticut Smart Start competitive grant program established pursuant to section 10-506.

(b) There is established an account to be known as the “smart start competitive operating grant account” which shall be a separate, nonlapsing account within the General Fund. The account shall contain moneys required by law to be deposited in the account. Moneys in the account shall be expended by the Office of Early Childhood for the purposes of the Connecticut Smart Start competitive grant program established pursuant to section 10-506.

(P.A. 14-98, S. 24; P.A. 15-227, S. 11; P.A. 16-163, S. 18; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2, S. 664; P.A. 18-81, S. 61.)

History: P.A. 14-98 effective May 22, 2014; P.A. 15-227 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended same by replacing “smart start competitive grant account” with “smart start competitive capital grant account”, replacing “separate, nonlapsing account within the General Fund” with “capital projects fund”, replacing “by subsection (a) of section 10-501” with “pursuant to” and deleting reference to section 3 of public act 14-41, and added Subsec. (b) re smart start competitive operating grant account, effective July 7, 2015; P.A. 16-163 replaced “Smart Start” with “Connecticut Smart Start”, effective June 9, 2016; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting “subdivision (4) of”, effective October 31, 2017; P.A. 18-81 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting reference to Sec. 4-28e(c), effective May 15, 2018.

Sec. 10-508. Bond authorization for the Smart Start competitive grant program. (a) For the purposes described in subsection (b) of this section, the State Bond Commission shall have the power from time to time to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate sixty-three million five hundred nineteen thousand one hundred forty-nine dollars, provided three million five hundred nineteen thousand one hundred forty-nine dollars of said authorization shall be effective July 1, 2015, ten million dollars of said authorization shall be effective July 1, 2019, ten million dollars of said authorization shall be effective July 1, 2020, ten million dollars of said authorization shall be effective July 1, 2021, ten million dollars of said authorization shall be effective July 1, 2022, and ten million dollars of said authorization shall be effective July 1, 2023.

(b) The proceeds of the sale of said bonds, to the extent of the amount stated in subsection (a) of this section, shall be used by the Office of Early Childhood for the purpose of the Smart Start competitive grant program established pursuant to subsection (a) of section 10-501, section 10-506 and section 3 of public act 14-41*.

(c) All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby, which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization which is signed by or on behalf of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and states such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the State Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

(P.A. 14-98, S. 25; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 16-4, S. 242; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2, S. 437.)

*Note: Section 3 of public act 14-41 is special in nature and therefore has not been codified but remains in full force and effect according to its terms.

History: P.A. 14-98 effective July 1, 2014; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 16-4 amended Subsec. (a) by decreasing aggregate authorization from $105,000,000 to $100,000,000, effective July 1, 2016; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2 decreased aggregate authorization from $100,000,000 to $63,519,149, decreased authorization effective July 1, 2015 from $10,000,000 to $3,519,149, and delete authorizations effective July 1, 2016, July 1, 2017, and July 1, 2018, effective October 31, 2017.

Sec. 10-509. Expenditure of certain funds for early care and education and child development programs. (a) As used in this subsection, “early care and education and childhood development programs” includes the child care subsidy program, established pursuant to section 17b-749, the school readiness program, as defined in section 10-16p, the supplemental quality enhancement grant program, established pursuant to section 17b-749c, the Nurturing Families Network, established pursuant to section 17b-751b, and the program for state financial assistance for neighborhood facilities, including child care centers, pursuant to section 8-210.

(b) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2019, and each fiscal year thereafter, the Commissioner of Early Childhood may expend in any year an amount not to exceed two per cent of the total amount appropriated to the office for early care and education and child development programs for the purpose of carrying out its responsibilities pursuant to section 10-500, including, but not limited to, piloting innovative and results-driven service delivery, program evaluation and improvement, funding and procurement models that are performance-driven and results-accountable, interagency coordination and collaboration and evaluative tools and infrastructure, provided if the total amount of such two per cent exceeds one million dollars, all funds in excess of one million dollars shall be used for service delivery. The commissioner may not expend any funds under this section for administrative or other overhead costs of the Office of Early Childhood. The commissioner may develop policies and procedures to implement the provisions of this section.

(c) Not later than January first of each year, the office shall submit a report relating to how the commissioner has expended funds pursuant to subsection (b) of this section to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a. Such report shall include, but need not be limited to, (1) the results of any program evaluations conducted by the office, (2) an assessment of the relationship between the cost and the value of the service delivery outcomes achieved, and (3) any policies and procedures developed by the commissioner to implement the provisions of this section.

(P.A. 18-184, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 18-184 effective July 1, 2018.

Secs. 10-510 to 10-514. Reserved for future use.

Sec. 10-515. Preschool experience survey. On or before March 1, 2015, the Commissioner of Early Childhood, in consultation with the Department of Education, shall develop a preschool experience survey that shall be included in kindergarten registration materials provided by local and regional boards of education to parents or guardians of children enrolling in kindergarten pursuant to section 10-184. The board shall use such survey to collect information regarding (1) whether the child enrolling in kindergarten has participated in a preschool program, and (2) (A) if such child has participated in a preschool program, the nature, length and setting of such preschool program, or (B) if the child has not participated in a preschool program, the reasons why such child did not participate in a preschool program, including, but not limited to, financial difficulty, lack of transportation, parental choice regarding enrollment, limitations related to the hours of operation of available preschool programs and any other barriers to participation in a preschool program. A local or regional board of education shall not require any parent or guardian of such child to complete such survey as a condition of such child's enrollment in kindergarten.

(P.A. 14-39, S. 86; P.A. 15-134, S. 6.)

History: P.A. 14-39 effective May 28, 2014; P.A. 15-134 replaced “may” with “shall” re development of survey, effective July 1, 2015.

Sec. 10-516. Competitive grants for alliance school districts. The Office of Early Childhood, in collaboration with the State Department of Education, may offer from funds which may originate from public, private, federal or philanthropic sources, a competitive grant for up to three alliance school districts to develop and implement a strategy to promote the social and emotional well-being and health of preschool children from age three to children in third grade, with a focus on instructional tools and family engagement. Up to five per cent of the grant funds provided under this section for any fiscal year may be used to pay for administrative costs.

(P.A. 14-172, S. 4.)

History: P.A. 14-172 effective July 1, 2014.

Secs. 10-517 to 10-519. Reserved for future use.

Sec. 10-520. Trend analysis of certain bachelor's degree programs in early childhood education or child development. (a) As used in this section, “bachelor's degree program in early childhood education or child development” means a bachelor's degree with a concentration in early childhood education, including, but not limited to, a bachelor's degree in early childhood education, child study, child development or human growth and development.

(b) On and after July 1, 2015, the Office of Early Childhood shall, during a review and assessment pursuant to subdivision (4) of subsection (b) of section 10-16p, collect data relating to bachelor's degree programs in early childhood education or child development that have not been approved by the Board of Regents for Higher Education or the Office of Higher Education and the Office of Early Childhood from institutions of higher education that are regionally accredited. The office shall, at least quarterly, use such data to conduct a trend analysis of such bachelor's degree programs for the purpose of determining (1) whether such bachelor's degree programs align with the teacher preparation standards of the National Association for the Education of Young Children, and (2) which courses and concentrations offered as part of such bachelor's degree programs align with such teacher preparation standards.

(c) During a review and assessment pursuant to subdivision (4) of subsection (b) of section 10-16p, the office shall (1) review the results of the trend analysis conducted pursuant to subsection (b) of this section for the purpose of determining whether the degree of an individual with a bachelor's degree in early childhood education or child development or a bachelor's degree and twelve credits or more in early childhood education or child development, other than those bachelor's degrees specified in subparagraphs (B) and (C) of subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of section 10-16p, has a sufficient concentration in early childhood education so as to satisfy the requirements set forth in said subparagraphs (B) and (C), and (2) consider an individual to have met the requirements set forth in said subparagraphs (B) and (C) if the degree of such individual is from a bachelor's degree program in early childhood education or child development that is aligned with the teacher preparation standards of the National Association for the Education of Young Children as determined by such trend analysis.

(d) The office shall make the results of the trend analysis conducted pursuant to subsection (b) of this section available on its Internet web site.

(P.A. 15-134, S. 1; P.A. 16-163, S. 17.)

History: P.A. 15-134 effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 16-163 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “childhood development” with “child development”, effective June 9, 2016.

Sec. 10-520a. Report re staff qualifications requirement compliance. Not later than July first, annually, the Office of Early Childhood shall submit a report regarding the status of school readiness program providers' compliance with the staff qualifications requirement, described in subsection (b) of section 10-16p, to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a.

(P.A. 15-134, S. 5.)

History: P.A. 15-134 effective July 1, 2015.

Sec. 10-520b. Early childhood teacher credential. The Office of Early Childhood, upon receipt of a proper application and in a manner prescribed by the Commissioner of Early Childhood, shall issue an early childhood teacher credential to any person who holds (1) an associate degree with a concentration in early childhood education from an institution of higher education that is regionally accredited, provided such associate degree program is approved by (A) the Board of Regents for Higher Education or the Office of Higher Education, and (B) the Office of Early Childhood, or (2) a bachelor's degree with a concentration in early childhood education from an institution of higher education that is regionally accredited, provided such bachelor's degree program is approved by (A) the Board of Regents for Higher Education or Office of Higher Education, and (B) the Office of Early Childhood. Any early childhood teacher credential issued pursuant to subdivision (1) of this section shall be valid until June 30, 2021. For purposes of this section, “concentration in early childhood education” has the same meaning as provided in section 10-16p.

(P.A. 17-41, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 17-41 effective July 1, 2017.

Secs. 10-521 to 10-529. Reserved for future use.

Sec. 10-530. Comprehensive background checks. The comprehensive background checks required pursuant to subsection (c) of section 19a-80, subsection (c) of section 19a-87b, and subsection (a) of section 17b-749k, shall be conducted at least once every five years. Any person who applies for a position at a child care facility in the state shall not be required to submit to such comprehensive background checks if such person (1) is an employee of a child care facility in the state, or was previously an employee of a child care facility in the state during the previous one hundred eighty days, and (2) has successfully completed such comprehensive background checks in the previous five years. Nothing in this section prohibits the Commissioner of Early Childhood from requiring that an employee or prospective employee of a child care facility to submit to comprehensive background checks more than once during a five-year period. For purposes of this section, “child care facility” means a child care center, group child care home or family child care home that provides “child care services”, as described in section 19a-77, and the home of a family child care provider, as defined in section 17b-705.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2, S. 177.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 17-2 effective October 31, 2017.