PA 18-20—sHB 5219

Public Safety and Security Committee

AN ACT ALLOWING APPLICANTS FOR SECURITY OFFICER LICENSES TO WORK AS SECURITY OFFICERS

SUMMARY: This act establishes conditions under which security services may employ applicants for a security officer license to perform the duties of security officers while their applications are pending with the Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection (DESPP) commissioner. It subjects violators of these conditions to the same $75 fine that applies to other provisions of the security officer licensure law. By law, each distinct violation is a separate offense, and each day's continuance of a violation is a separate offense.

Under prior law, an individual could not be hired to perform the duties of a security officer until the DESPP commissioner issued his or her license.

The act also makes technical and conforming changes.

EFFECTIVE DATE: July 1, 2018

CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH APPLICANTS MAY PERFORM THE DUTIES OF SECURITY OFFICERS

The act allows an applicant for a security officer license to do the work of a security officer if the employing security service conducts, or has a consumer reporting agency regulated under the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act conduct, a state and national criminal history records check and determines that he or she meets the existing statutory requirements to be a security officer (see BACKGROUND). In addition, the applicant must:

1. have successfully completed the required security officer training or obtained a training waiver;

2. work under the direct on-site supervision of a security officer with at least one year of experience as a security officer; and

3. not work at a (a) public or private preschool, elementary school, or secondary school or (b) facility licensed as a child care center and used solely for that purpose.

Under the act, the applicant's authority to work under these conditions ends when the DESPP commissioner grants or denies his or her pending application.

BACKGROUND

Security Officers

By law, a “security officer” is a licensed and registered person hired to safeguard and protect people and property by (1) detecting or preventing unlawful intrusion, entry, larceny, vandalism, abuse, arson, or trespass or (2) preventing, observing, or detecting unauthorized activity. A security officer may be employed by a (1) security service, or (2) non-security business as a uniformed employee who performs security work in an area of the business' premises to which the public has unrestricted access or access only by paid admission (CGS 29-152u(7)).

The existing statutory requirements to obtain a security officer license include (1) undergoing state and national criminal history records checks and (2) successfully completing, within the two previous years, at least eight hours of training in basic first aid, search and seizure laws and regulations, use of force, basic criminal justice, and public safety issues. An applicant may obtain a training waiver from the DESPP commissioner by providing proof of equivalent military training.

Existing law generally prohibits DESPP from licensing anyone:

1. convicted of any felony;

2. convicted of a sexual offense or crime that raises questions about his or her integrity and honesty;

3. denied a security service or security officer license for any reason except minimum experience; or

4. whose security service or security officer license was ever revoked or is under suspension (CGS 29-161q(b) & (c)).

Security Services

By law, a “security service” is any person or business that charges to provide various crime prevention or protection services, including the (1) prevention or detection of intrusion, entry, larceny, vandalism, abuse, fire, or trespass on the property the security service was hired to protect; (2) provision of patrol and armored car services; or (3) provision of guard dogs (CGS 29-152u(8)). Any person who engages in the business of, or solicits business as, a security service must be licensed by the DESPP commissioner (CGS 29-161g).