OLR Bill Analysis
AN ACT PROHIBITING FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION.
This bill generally makes it a class D felony, punishable by up to five years in prison, up to a $5,000 fine, or both, to perform female genital mutilation (FGM) on a minor. A person performs FGM when he or she knowingly circumcises, excises, or infibulates the whole or any part of the labia majora, labia minora, or clitoris of a person under age 18.
Under the bill, an operation is not FGM if it is performed by a (1) licensed physician and necessary for the person's health or (2) licensed physician, nurse-midwife, or physician or nurse-midwife in training on a person in labor or immediately after childbirth. An operation is not considered necessary for the person's health if the necessity is based on the person's or another person's belief that custom or ritual requires it.
The bill's provisions closely mirror federal law, which makes performing FGM on a minor a felony, punishable by up to five years in prison, up to a $250,000 fine, or both. The federal law uses the same definition for FGM and provides similar exceptions (18 U.S.C. §§ 116 and 3571).
EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage
Committee on Children