OFFICE OF FISCAL ANALYSIS

Legislative Office Building, Room 5200

Hartford, CT 06106 (860) 240-0200

http://www.cga.ct.gov/ofa

sHB-7309

AN ACT CONCERNING HUMAN TRAFFICKING.


OFA Fiscal Note

State Impact:

Agency Affected

Fund-Effect

FY 18 $

FY 19 $

Resources of the General Fund

GF - Potential Revenue Gain

See Below

See Below

Correction, Dept.; Judicial Dpt (Probation)

GF - Cost

See Below

See Below

Note: GF=General Fund

Municipal Impact: None

Explanation

The bill makes various changes to statute concerning human trafficking. The sections of the bill with a fiscal impact are described below.

Sections 2-4 of this bill expand the scope and punishment for human trafficking and patronizing a prostitute and results in a cost and potential revenue gain for the state. Human trafficking now includes sex trafficking and the penalty has been increased from a class B to a class A felony. The penalty for patronizing a prostitute under the age of 18 has been reduced but a new penalty for commercial sexual abuse of a minor will result in a class B felony. There are currently 5 people in prison for trafficking in persons and 0 people in prison for patronizing a prostitute.

To the extent that future offenders receive higher fines and longer prison sentences under this bill, potential costs for incarceration or probation supervision in the community, or general fund revenue would result. On average, it costs the state $7,260 (including benefits) to supervise an inmate in the community as opposed to $61,320 (including benefits) to incarcerate an offender.

Section 5 expands the types of businesses and facilities that must post a brochure containing information for trafficking victims and adds a new fine for violations.  No revenue gain is expected as it is anticipated that there will be few to no violations resulting in fines.  

Section 6 requires the Department of Children and Families to consult with the Department of Emergency Protection and Public Protection to develop an educational and refresher training program related to human trafficking. It is anticipated that the agency will utilize U.S. Department of Homeland Security Blue Campaign resources at no cost.

Sections 1, 7-9 makes changes that do not result in a fiscal impact.

The Out Years

The annualized ongoing fiscal impact identified above would continue into the future subject to inflation.

Sources:

Department of Homeland Security, Blue Campaign, available: https://www.dhs.gov/blue-campaign