Connecticut Seal

General Assembly

 

Raised Bill No. 148

February Session, 2016

 

LCO No. 1113

 

*01113_______PRI*

Referred to Committee on PROGRAM REVIEW AND INVESTIGATIONS

 

Introduced by:

 

(PRI)

 

AN ACT CONCERNING THE WEAPONIZATION OF DRONES BASED ON A PROGRAM REVIEW AND INVESTIGATIONS COMMITTEE STUDY.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Assembly convened:

Section 1. Section 15-34 of the general statutes is amended by adding subdivision (29) as follows (Effective October 1, 2016):

(NEW) (29) "Unmanned aerial vehicle" means any contrivance used or designed for navigation of or flight in air that is power-driven and operated without the possibility of direct human intervention from within or on the contrivance.

Sec. 2. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2016) (a) Except as otherwise provided by law, no person shall operate or use any computer software or other technology, including, but not limited to, an unmanned aerial vehicle, as defined in subdivision (29) of section 15-34 of the general statutes, as amended by this act, that allows a person, when not physically present, to release tear gas or any like or similar deleterious agent or to remotely control a deadly weapon, as defined in section 53a-3 of the general statutes, or an explosive or incendiary device, as defined in section 53-206b of the general statutes.

(b) Any person who violates subsection (a) of this section shall be guilty of a class C felony.

Sec. 3. Subdivision (5) of section 15-34 of the 2016 supplement to the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2016):

(5) "Aircraft" means any contrivance used or designed for navigation of or flight in air, including (A) airplanes, meaning power-driven fixed-wing aircraft, heavier than air, supported by the dynamic reaction of the air against their wings, (B) gliders, meaning heavier than air aircraft, the free flight of which does not depend principally upon a power-generating unit, and (C) rotorcraft, meaning power-driven aircraft, heavier than air, supported during flight by one or more rotors. "Aircraft" does not include unmanned aerial vehicles.

Sec. 4. Subdivision (8) of section 54-280 of the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2016):

(8) "Offense committed with a deadly weapon" or "offense" means: (A) A violation of subsection (c) of section 2-1e, subsection (e) of section 29-28, subsections (a) to (e), inclusive, or (i) of section 29-33, section 29-34, subsection (a) of section 29-35, section 29-36, 29-36k, 29-37a or 29-37e, subsection (c) of section 29-37g, section 29-37j, subsection (b), (c) or (g) of section 53-202, section 53-202b, 53-202c, 53-202j, 53-202k, 53-202l, 53-202aa or 53-206b, subsection (b) of section 53a-8, section 53a-55a, 53a-56a, 53a-60a, 53a-60c, 53a-72b, 53a-92a, 53a-94a, 53a-102a, 53a-103a, 53a-211, 53a-212, 53a-216, 53a-217, 53a-217a, 53a-217b, [or] 53a-217c or section 2 of this act, or a second or subsequent violation of section 53-202g; or (B) a violation of any section of the general statutes which constitutes a felony, as defined in section 53a-25, provided the court makes a finding that, at the time of the offense, the offender used a deadly weapon, or was armed with and threatened the use of or displayed or represented by words or conduct that the offender possessed a deadly weapon;

Sec. 5. Subsection (c) of section 12-455a of the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2016):

(c) "Motor vehicle" means any vehicle propelled or drawn by any power other than muscular, except aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, as defined in subdivision (29) of section 15-34, as amended by this act, motorboats, road rollers, baggage trucks used about railroad stations, electric battery-operated [wheel chairs] wheelchairs when operated by physically handicapped persons at speeds not exceeding fifteen miles per hour, agricultural tractors, farm implements and such vehicles as run only upon rails or tracks;

Sec. 6. Subdivision (54) of section 14-1 of the 2016 supplement to the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2016):

(54) "Motor vehicle" means any vehicle propelled or drawn by any nonmuscular power, except aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, as defined in subdivision (29) of section 15-34, as amended by this act, motor boats, road rollers, baggage trucks used about railroad stations or other mass transit facilities, electric battery-operated [wheel chairs] wheelchairs when operated by physically handicapped persons at speeds not exceeding fifteen miles per hour, golf carts operated on highways solely for the purpose of crossing from one part of the golf course to another, golf-cart-type vehicles operated on roads or highways on the grounds of state institutions by state employees, agricultural tractors, farm implements, such vehicles as run only on rails or tracks, self-propelled snow plows, snow blowers and lawn mowers, when used for the purposes for which they were designed and operated at speeds not exceeding four miles per hour, whether or not the operator rides on or walks behind such equipment, motor-driven cycles as defined in section 14-286, special mobile equipment as defined in section 14-165, mini-motorcycles, as defined in section 14-289j, and any other vehicle not suitable for operation on a highway;

Sec. 7. Subdivision (20) of section 22a-134 of the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2016):

(20) "Vehicle" means any motorized device for conveying persons or objects except for an aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicle, as defined in subdivision (29) of section 15-34, as amended by this act, boat, railroad car or engine, or farm tractor;

This act shall take effect as follows and shall amend the following sections:

Section 1

October 1, 2016

15-34

Sec. 2

October 1, 2016

New section

Sec. 3

October 1, 2016

15-34(5)

Sec. 4

October 1, 2016

54-280(8)

Sec. 5

October 1, 2016

12-455a(c)

Sec. 6

October 1, 2016

14-1(54)

Sec. 7

October 1, 2016

22a-134(20)

Statement of Purpose:

To implement the program review and investigations committee recommendations concerning the weaponization of drones.

[Proposed deletions are enclosed in brackets. Proposed additions are indicated by underline, except that when the entire text of a bill or resolution or a section of a bill or resolution is new, it is not underlined.]