PA 16-172—SB 311

General Law Committee

Judiciary Committee

AN ACT CONCERNING FOOD ENRICHMENT REQUIREMENTS

SUMMARY: This act eliminates the mandatory enrichment requirement for flour, white bread or rolls, corn meal or grits, rice, and macaroni. Enrichment refers to adding essential elements (e. g. , iron) or vitamins to food.

Prior law made it unlawful to manufacture, mix, or compound these foods, or sell or offer them for sale in Connecticut for human consumption unless they were enriched, before retail sale, according to federal standards and there was evidence of compliance. Under the act, these foods no longer need to be enriched. But they must still, as required by existing law, meet (1) federal regulatory standards of identity, quality, and fill of container under the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or (2) in the absence of such regulations, requirements that the consumer protection commissioner and the director of the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station may establish by regulation (CGS 21a-100). The act permits the commissioner to require evidence of compliance.

The act applies the same penalty for violating prior law's enrichment requirement to people who violate the standards of identity, quality, and fill of container requirements: (1) a fine of up to $100, up to three months imprisonment, or both, for a first offense and (2) a fine of up to $500, up to one year imprisonment, or both, for subsequent offenses (CGS 21a-30).

EFFECTIVE DATE: July 1, 2016

BACKGROUND

Federal Regulations

Regulations adopted under the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act set standards for food ingredients, manufacturing processes, and packaging. The standards provide the specific type and level of enrichment required for a food to be labeled as “enriched. ” There is a corresponding standard of identity for the unenriched version of each food (21 C. F. R. Parts 136, 137, and 139).

OLR Tracking: KLM; JO; VR; cmg