OFFICE OF FISCAL ANALYSIS

Legislative Office Building, Room 5200

Hartford, CT 06106 (860) 240-0200

http://www.cga.ct.gov/ofa

sSB-18

AN ACT CONCERNING A SECOND CHANCE SOCIETY.

OFA Fiscal Note

State Impact: See Below

Municipal Impact: None

Explanation

The bill requires the Juvenile Justice Policy and Oversight Committee (JJPOC) to plan for the implementation of: (1) raising juvenile justice jurisdiction from age 17 to age 20 over a period of three years beginning 7/1/17 and (2) extending youthful offender status to certain offenders in that same age range over the same period of time. The JJPOC must report its findings and recommendations by 1/1/2017. As this plan has not yet been created, a projection of its fiscal impact cannot be established. Generally, programing and incarceration options for juveniles are more intensive and more costly than those provided to adults. The bill makes changes to bail requirements and rules that result in a potential cost to the Judicial Department, savings to the Department of Correction, and revenue gain to the Interest on Lawyers' Trust Accounts (IOLTA).

Under the bill, the court is required to provide an option to provide cash bail in most circumstances, and cannot require bonds with surety in most misdemeanor cases. To the extent that courts require new resources to process bail deposits, Judicial will incur costs to hire additional staff. There are a total of 33 court locations that would accept cash bail payments to be deposited into an interest bearing account: 13 Judicial Districts and 20 Geographical Area courts.

As of February 2016, there are approximately 550 offenders incarcerated pretrial due to unpaid bail that would be subject to the changes under the bill. To the extent that future offenders would not be incarcerated pretrial, a savings would result to DOC. On average, it costs the state $61,320 (including benefits) to incarcerate an offender.

The court is required to transfer all interest earned on cash bail deposits to IOLTA. If cash bail is forfeited, funds will be transferred to IOLTA.

The Out Years

The fiscal impact to state agencies in the out years will be dependent upon the recommendations of the JJPOC and the population of delinquent 18, 19, and 20 year olds.