OFFICE OF FISCAL ANALYSIS

Legislative Office Building, Room 5200

Hartford, CT 06106 (860) 240-0200

http://www.cga.ct.gov/ofa

sHB-5307

AN ACT PROHIBITING THE UNREASONABLE DELAY OF ENROLLING A CHILD IN KINDERGARTEN.

OFA Fiscal Note

State Impact:

Agency Affected

Fund-Effect

FY 17 $

FY 18 $

Education, Dept.

GF - Cost

See Below

See Below

Note: GF=General Fund

Municipal Impact:

Municipalities

Effect

FY 17 $

FY 18 $

Various Municipalities

STATE MANDATE - Cost

See Below

See Below

Explanation

The bill, which requires children to start school by age six, unless a child meets certain criteria, is anticipated to result in increased costs to various municipalities and a potential cost to the state. It is anticipated that this change would impact fewer than 100 children statewide, who would be required to begin school a year earlier than they otherwise would have.

MUNICIPAL:

The additional children will increase the size of the incoming kindergarten classes at various municipalities. Not all local and regional boards of education will be impacted by this change. Depending on the number of additional kindergarteners at each school, the cost will vary. It is anticipated that districts could face increased marginal costs of approximately $3,000 to $4,000 per child. It is anticipated that there will be some districts where the addition of only a few students would not result in the need for additional resources. This is due to various factors including: additional capacity in kindergarten classrooms and availability of seats on the school buses.

STATE:

Currently, in FY 16, the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant and other various statutory formulaic grants are capped. If these caps were to be lifted, the formulas would require additional funding, within the State Department of Education (SDE), to account for the additional students. For example, the average per student cost under the ECS grant is $3,985. An additional 100 students could result in an additional cost of approximately $398,500 to SDE, and a corresponding revenue gain to the municipalities with an increasing number of kindergarteners. If the grants remain capped, and to the extent that the additional 100 children impact population totals in various municipalities, a redistribution of the formulaic grants could occur. This could result in a revenue gain to various municipalities and a corresponding revenue loss to other municipalities. The overall impact is anticipated to be minimal.

The Out Years

The annualized ongoing fiscal impact identified above would continue into the future subject to the number of additional students.