OFFICE OF FISCAL ANALYSIS

Legislative Office Building, Room 5200

Hartford, CT 06106 (860) 240-0200

http://www.cga.ct.gov/ofa

sHB-5274

AN ACT CONCERNING THE USE OF DRONES.

OFA Fiscal Note

State Impact:

Agency Affected

Fund-Effect

FY 17 $

FY 18 $

Correction, Dept.; Judicial Dpt (Probation)

GF - Potential Cost

See Below

See Below

Note: GF=General Fund

Municipal Impact: None

Explanation

The bill creates a new class C felony for the use of weaponized unmanned aerial vehicles, expands the class B felony of dropping firearms or explosives near correctional facilities, and expands the crime of voyeurism to include provisions related to the use of unmanned aerial vehicles. There are currently three offenders incarcerated for violations of statutes related to dropping weapons near correctional facilities and voyeurism.

To the extent that offenders are prosecuted for new or expanded offenses under this bill, potential costs for incarceration or probation supervision in the community, or judicial revenue would result.  On average, it costs the state $7,260 (including benefits) to supervise an inmate in the community as opposed to $61,320 (including benefits) to incarcerate an offender.

The bill authorizes law enforcement officers to use weaponized drones in certain circumstances and restricts state and municipal police in their utilization of non-weaponized drones.  The bill requires state and municipal police to post information on their drone use on their respective websites. The Police Officer Training and Standards Council shall develop guidelines for law enforcement drone operations by January 1, 2017. These provisions will not result in a fiscal impact.

The Out Years

The annualized ongoing fiscal impact identified above would continue into the future subject to inflation.