OLR Bill Analysis

sSB 136 (File 124, as amended by Senate "A")*



This bill establishes regulatory requirements for operators of jetted articulated vessels (JAVs) similar to the requirements for operators of personal watercraft (PWC, e.g., jet skis). Violators are subject to a $60 to $250 fine for each violation.

The bill defines a JAV as a watercraft with a base pumping unit – often a modified PWC – that uses an articulated hose or jointed or flexible conduit to convey water or other media under pressure through a device that ejects the high-pressure media to propel, elevate, or submerge the operator or passenger. A JAV operator includes anyone on the JAV who can energize or de-energize it or control its thrust, speed, or direction.

Under the bill, a JAV operator must be at least age 16 and hold a certificate of personal watercraft operation (CPWO) issued by the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) (see BACKGROUND). The bill prohibits a JAV owner from knowingly allowing someone under age 16 without a CPWO to operate a JAV. But it allows the DEEP commissioner to modify or suspend the age requirement in writing for certain authorized marine events (e.g., parades, exhibitions, tournaments). By law, he may already suspend or modify the CPWO requirement for marine events.

The bill prohibits people from operating JAVs in a slow-no-wake area except to transit the area, unless the DEEP commissioner allows it for a marine event. It also prohibits their operation within 200 feet of a dock, shore, pier, or fixed structure or within 100 feet of any vessel, except to transit the area.

The bill also extends the definition of water skiing to include watersports performed behind a vessel whether or not the person is connected by a towing line to the vessel (e.g., wake surfing). By doing so, it subjects such watersport participants to existing water skiing requirements (see below).

*Senate Amendment “A” eliminates provisions from the underlying bill (File 124) that prohibits operating a vessel engaged in water skiing (1) in a way that causes wakes to damage or injure property or people or (2) if the aggregate number of water skiers and vessel occupants exceeds the vessel manufacturer's specified carrying capacity.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage


Under the bill, “water skiing” includes towing someone behind a vessel, whether or not the person is connected to the vessel by a towing line, and similar activities in which a passenger exits the vessel and uses the vessel's suction or wake to engage in the activity.

By law, no one may:

1. operate a motorboat towing a water skier unless a responsible person at least age 12 is on board assisting the operator and observing the water skier's progress,

2. water ski or operate a motorboat engaged in water skiing anywhere that water skiing is prohibited or in a way that strikes or threatens to strike another person or vessel, or

3. water ski from one-half hour after sunset to sunrise or when weather conditions limit visibility to less than 100 yards (CGS 15-134).


Obtaining a CPWO

To obtain a CPWO from DEEP, an applicant must:

1. complete a course in safe boating operation and safe PWC handling approved by the DEEP commissioner,

2. meet the requirements for a safe boating certificate and complete a safe PWC handling course approved by the commissioner, or

3. pass an equivalency examination administered by the commissioner testing the applicant's knowledge of safe boating operation and safe PWC handling.


Environment Committee

Joint Favorable Substitute






Finance, Revenue and Bonding Committee

Joint Favorable