OLR Bill Analysis

sHB 5642

AN ACT CONCERNING THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE JUVENILE JUSTICE POLICY AND OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE.

SUMMARY:

This bill makes several changes affecting juvenile detention and other juvenile justice matters, children returning to school after a juvenile justice placement, and other school disciplinary and related matters. In regards to juvenile detention, it:

1. requires the Court Support Services Division (CSSD) to develop and implement a detention risk assessment instrument and adopt release policies and procedures;

2. limits the conditions under which a child may be detained and allows graduated sanctions as an alternative to detention;

3. requires CSSD and the Department of Children and Families (DCF) to develop and implement a plan to provide community-based services for children leaving juvenile detention; and

4. requires DCF and the Juvenile Justice Policy and Oversight Committee (JJPOC) to develop a plan to close the Connecticut Juvenile Training School (CJTS) and the Pueblo Unit for girls by July 1, 2018.

The bill prohibits state-operated juvenile justice residential facilities from imposing out-of-school suspensions.

It adds the victim advocate, or his designee, to the JJPOC. It requires the JJPOC to report on a plan for a community-based diversion system and establish a data integration working group. It makes other changes affecting the JJPOC's existing responsibilities.

The bill makes various changes affecting schools, such as:

1. requiring schools to offer an alternative educational opportunity to a larger category of expelled students;

2. eliminating a child's truancy as permissible grounds for a family with service needs complaint;

3. requiring schools with a disproportionately high truancy rate to implement an approved intervention model;

4. requiring the State Department of Education (SDE), alone or in collaboration with other agencies, to develop plans on certain matters, such as school-based diversion initiatives and addressing the educational needs of children returning from a juvenile justice placement; and

5. continuing the “Raise the Grade” program for Bridgeport, Hartford, and New Haven, formerly a two-year pilot program.

The bill also includes provisions on, among other matters, addressing educational deficiencies among children in the juvenile justice system, police training, a recidivism reduction framework, and training on and monitoring of de-escalation efforts.

A section-by-section summary appears below.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Various, see below.

1 – JUVENILE DETENTION

Juvenile Court Jurisdiction Based on Child's Residence

The bill specifies that the juvenile court where the child resides has jurisdiction over juvenile matters if the child's residence can be determined. By law, when a child is brought before a Superior Court judge, the judge must immediately proceed with the case as a juvenile matter and determine whether to release or detain the child.

Determining Release or Detention

Current law requires an officer who brings a child into detention to first notify, or make reasonable effort to notify, the child's parents or guardian of the intended action and file, at the detention center, a copy of a signed statement of the child's alleged delinquent conduct. The bill requires such officer to also file the order to detain the child.

Under existing law, the child may be released to the custody of his or her parents, guardian, or other suitable person or agency. Before the child may be released, the bill requires the child to be assessed using CSSD's detention risk assessment instrument and may be released in accordance with CSSD's release policies and procedures (see below). As is the case under existing law, this does not apply if the child was arrested for a serious juvenile offense or an order not to release is noted on the records.

Conditions Under Which a Child May be Placed in Detention

The bill limits the conditions under which the court may issue an order to detain a child in a juvenile detention center to (1) when an arresting officer requests it or (2) after a detention hearing.

Under existing law, unchanged by the bill, a child may not be placed in detention unless a Superior Court judge determines based on available facts, that there is:

1. probable cause to believe that the child has committed the acts alleged;

2. no less restrictive alternative available;

3. a need to hold the child in order to ensure his or her appearance before the court, as demonstrated by the child's previous failure to respond to the court process; and

4. a need to hold the child for another jurisdiction.

The bill allows the judge also to issue an order to detain the child if the judge determines that there is probable cause to believe that the child will pose a risk to public safety if released to the community before the court hearing or disposition. Current law also allows the judge to issue an order to detain the child if the judge determines that there is:

1. a strong probability that the child will run away before the court hearing or disposition,

2. a strong probability that the child will commit or attempt to commit other offenses injurious to the child or to the community before the court disposition,

3. probable cause to believe that the child's continued residence in his or her home pending disposition poses a risk to the child or the community because of the serious and dangerous nature of the act or acts the child is alleged to have committed, or

4. a finding by the court that the child has violated any condition of a suspended detention order.

Detention Period

The bill establishes the maximum amount of time a child may be held in detention. An order to detain a child must not exceed the shorter of seven days or until the dispositional hearing. After a detention review hearing, a renewal period must not exceed the same time limit.

Suspended Detention With Graduated Sanctions

Under the bill, the court, as an alternative to detention, may issue a suspended detention order with graduated sanctions imposed based on the CSSD detention risk assessment instrument described below.

EFFECTIVE DATE: January 1, 2017

2 – CSSD – DETENTION RISK ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT

Development, Implementation, and Use

The bill requires CSSD, by January 1, 2017, to develop and implement a detention risk assessment instrument. CSSD must use the instrument to determine, based on a score, whether there is:

1. probable cause to believe that a child will pose a risk to public safety if released to the community before a court hearing or disposition, or

2. a need to hold the child in order to ensure the child's appearance before the court, given the child's failure to respond to the court process before.

Under the bill, a detention risk assessment is considered a mental health screening or assessment and thus confidential. The bill prohibits CSSD from disclosing any information derived from the detention risk assessment, other than the score, to the court or anyone else.

Assessing Whether a Child Should be Detained

Under the bill, the court must use the detention risk assessment instrument when assessing whether a child should be detained.

If it appears from the available facts that there is probable cause to believe a child has violated a valid court order, the court, after administering the detention risk assessment instrument, may order the child to participate in nonresidential programs for intensive wraparound services, community-based residential services for short-term respite, or other services and interventions the court deems appropriate.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage

3 – CSSD – RELEASE POLICIES AND PROCEDURES

The bill requires CSSD, by January 1, 2017, to adopt policies and procedures setting out the parameters under which the division's staff may release a child from detention. The division may update such parameters as it deems necessary.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage

4 – PROTECTION OF INFORMATION OBTAINED THROUGH RISK ASSESSMENT

Under the bill, the information about a child obtained using the detention risk assessment instrument must be used only to make a recommendation to the court about the child's detention. The information is not subject to subpoena or other court process for use in any other proceeding, or for any other purpose.

EFFECTIVE DATE: January 1, 2017

5 – CSSD AND DCF - COMMUNITY-BASED SERVICES PLAN

Plan Development

The bill requires the CSSD executive director and the DCF commissioner, by October 1, 2016, to jointly develop a plan to provide community-based services to children diverted or released from juvenile detention.

The plan must be based on DCF's existing comprehensive behavioral health implementation plan and must address children's needs regarding:

1. behavioral health;

2. intervention, in a case of family violence; and

3. the identification and resolution of behavioral factors exhibited by a child who may run away.

The community-based services may include assessment centers, intensive care coordination, and respite beds.

Plan Implementation and Report to JJPOC

The bill requires the executive director and the commissioner to (1) implement the plan by July 1, 2017 and (2) report to JJPOC on the plan's implementation by January 1, 2017. (Presumably this is an implementation progress report.)

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage

6 – JUVENILE COURT'S AUTHORITY

Under current law, in delinquency proceedings, the court may make and enforce any order it deems necessary or appropriate to (1) punish the child and (2) deter the child from committing more delinquent acts. Under the bill, the purpose of the court's orders must instead be to (1) provide individualized supervision, care, accountability, and treatment to the child in a manner consistent with public safety and (2) ensure that the child is responsive to the court process.

Under the law, unchanged by the bill, the court has authority to make and enforce orders that, among other things, (1) ensure the safety of others and (2) provide restitution to victims.

By law, the court has authority to grant and enforce temporary and permanent injunctive relief in all juvenile proceedings.

EFFECTIVE DATE: October 1, 2016

7 – PLAN TO CLOSE CONNECTICUT JUVENILE TRAINING SCHOOL AND PUEBLO UNIT

The bill requires the DCF commissioner and the JJPOC to jointly develop preliminary and final plans to close CJTS and the Pueblo Unit for girls by July 1, 2018.

The plans must:

1. incorporate comments from national experts and local stakeholders;

2. include community-based secure and nonsecure congregate care settings (i.e., group residential facilities), supervision, and programming based on nationally accepted best practices;

3. promote public safety, youth rehabilitation, and the elimination of racial and ethnic disparities; and

4. ensure the optimal use of public resources.

Under the bill, the commissioner and JJPOC must report on the preliminary plan by January 1, 2017 and the final plan by January 1, 2018, to the Appropriations, Children's, and Judiciary committees. The report must include recommendations for any legislation needed to carry out the plans.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage

8-10 – TRUANCY

Family with Service Needs

The bill eliminates, from the permissible grounds for a family with service needs (FWSN) complaint, a child being a truant, habitual truant, or continuously and overtly defying school rules and regulations. It makes corresponding changes by eliminating requirements that:

1. school notices on unexcused absences for K-8 students contain a warning that a specified number of such absences may lead to a FWSN complaint and

2. superintendents file a FWSN complaint within 15 calendar days after a parent or other person with control of a child (a) fails to attend a meeting with school officials to discuss the child's truancy or (b) otherwise fails to cooperate in addressing the child's school absences.

Under existing law, a student is a truant if he or she has four unexcused absences in a month or 10 unexcused absences in a school year.

EFFECTIVE DATE: August 15, 2017

Effective Truancy Intervention Models

The bill requires the State Board of Education (SBE) to identify effective truancy intervention models for school boards to implement as set forth below. By August 15, 2017, SBE must make available a list of the models it approves.

Existing law requires school boards to adopt and implement policies and procedures on truancy. The bill requires the policies and procedures to require any schools with a disproportionately high truancy rate to implement a truancy intervention model on SBE's list. The SDE commissioner must determine which schools have such a truancy rate. (The bill specifies that SDE must assist and oversee the commissioner in making this determination.)

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage, except August 15, 2017 for the provision on school boards adding truancy intervention models to their truancy policies.

11 – POLICE TRAINING ON HANDLING JUVENILE MATTERS

Under existing law, police basic training programs must include training on handling juvenile matters, including at least:

1. 27 hours of such training, if the program is conducted or administered by the State Police, and

2. 14 hours of such training, if the program is conducted or administered by the Police Officer Standards and Training Council or a local police department.

Police review training programs by any such entity must include one hour of this training.

The bill extends these requirements to police field training programs. It also adds the following to the required training components:

1. using graduated sanctions,

2. techniques for handling trauma,

3. restorative justice practices,

4. adolescent development,

5. risk-assessment and screening tools, and

6. emergency mobile psychiatric services.

EFFECTIVE DATE: January 1, 2017

12 – SCHOOL-BASED DIVERSION INITIATIVES

The bill requires SDE, by August 15, 2017, to develop and implement a plan for school-based diversion initiatives to reduce juvenile justice involvement among children with mental health needs. The initiatives are for schools and districts with high rates of school-based arrests, disproportionate minority contact (i.e., a disproportionate number of minority group members coming into contact with the juvenile justice system), and a high number of juvenile justice referrals, as the SDE commissioner determines.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage

13 – SCHOOL EXPULSION

The bill makes various changes concerning school expulsion. By law, an “expulsion” is the exclusion from school privileges for between 11 days and one year.

Notice of Hearing and Right to an Attorney or Advocate

By law, except in emergencies, a school board must hold a formal hearing before expelling a student. If the student is a minor, the school board must give the parent or guardian notice of the hearing.

The bill requires school boards to provide the notice to the student's parents or guardian at least five days before the hearing. It requires the notice to include information on the parent's or guardian's legal rights. The law already requires the notice to include information on free or low-cost legal services and how to obtain them.

The bill specifies that an attorney or advocate may represent any student subject to expulsion proceedings. It allows the parent or guardian to postpone the hearing to provide time to find legal representation, except for emergencies.

Under existing law and the bill, in an emergency, the hearing must be held as soon after expulsion as possible. An emergency is when the student's continued presence poses such a danger or disruption as to require a pre-hearing exclusion from school, with the hearing held as soon as possible after the exclusion.

Alternative Education for Expelled Students

Existing law requires school boards to offer an alternative educational opportunity to expelled students under age 16. Generally, students between ages 16 and 18 who are expelled for the first time must also be offered this opportunity, if they comply with conditions set by the school board.

The bill applies an existing definition of “alternative education” to these provisions. Under that definition, an alternative education is a school or program maintained and operated by a school board that is offered to students in a nontraditional setting and addresses their social, emotional, behavioral, and academic needs.

Under the bill, school boards must offer an individualized learning plan as part of the alternative education for expelled students under age 16.

The bill also expands the category of expelled students who must be offered an alternative educational opportunity. It does so by repealing a provision that allows school boards to deny this opportunity to a student between ages 16 and 18 who is expelled for conduct that endangered others and involved the following, on school grounds or at a school-sponsored event:

1. possession of a firearm, deadly weapon, dangerous instrument, or martial arts weapon or

2. offering an illegal drug for sale or distribution.

Reports to Police

Under current law, if a student is expelled for possessing a firearm or deadly weapon, the school board must report the violation to the local police, or the State Police if the student was enrolled in a technical high school. The bill specifies that this reporting requirement also applies to expulsions for possessing dangerous instruments or martial arts weapons. (Generally, “dangerous instruments” are those that can be used to cause death or serious physical injury.)

Returning to School After Placement in Juvenile Justice System

Under the bill, if a student who committed an expellable offense was not expelled and is seeking to return to school after participating in a diversionary program, the school district must (1) allow the student to re-enroll and (2) not expel the student for additional time for the offense. This already applies to such students seeking to re-enroll after being in a juvenile detention center, the Connecticut Juvenile Training School, or any other residential placement.

The bill also requires SDE to help school boards provide educational supports for children returning to school after participating in a diversionary program, being detained in a juvenile detention center or any residential placement, or being on probation. This applies regardless of whether the child was expelled.

EFFECTIVE DATE: August 15, 2017

14 – ALTERNATIVE EDUCATION ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS

The bill requires SDE, by August 15, 2017, to develop and implement entrance requirements for referring students involved in the juvenile justice system to appropriate alternative educational opportunities similar or equivalent to alternative education as defined in existing law (see above).

The bill specifies that for any child requiring special education under law, the alternative education must comply with the federal Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage

15 – REMEDIATION PLANS

The bill requires SDE, by August 15, 2016 and with input from school boards, to develop a remediation plan for districts and schools with higher than average (1) out-of-school suspension and expulsion rates, (2) racial disparities, or (3) numbers of students involved in the juvenile justice system. The plan must include restorative justice models.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage

16 – OUT-OF-SCHOOL SUSPENSIONS IN JUVENILE JUSTICE RESIDENTIAL FACILITIES

The bill prohibits facilities operated by DCF, DOC, or CSSD from imposing an out-of-school suspension on a child residing in the facility. This provision does not prevent these facilities from removing a child from a classroom for therapeutic purposes.

EFFECTIVE DATE: July 1, 2017

17 – REENTRY INTO SCHOOL FOLLOWING JUVENILE JUSTICE PLACEMENT

By law, when DCF places a child in out-of-home care, such as a relative's or foster parent's home, or changes such a placement, there is a presumption that it is in the child's best interest to continue to attend the school he or she attended before the placement (“school of origin”). DCF must immediately determine whether it is in the child's best interest to remain in that school.

The bill applies these and related provisions to children returning from placement in the juvenile justice system.

EFFECTIVE DATE: July 1, 2017

18 – EDUCATIONAL DEFICIENCIES IN THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM

The bill requires the SDE commissioner, within available resources, to address educational deficiencies found in children in the juvenile justice system. She must do this in collaboration with the DCF and DOC commissioners and the Judicial Branch. They must do this through increased collaboration, monitoring, and accountability, to improve educational service delivery and outcomes.

Under the bill, the commissioners and the Judicial Branch must:

1. research nationally recognized models for effective education programming for the juvenile justice population and consider these models in complying with the bill's requirements to address such educational deficiencies;

2. collaborate with school boards to identify age-appropriate assessment tools for consistent measurements of educational performances of children transitioning from the juvenile justice system to schools under the boards' jurisdiction;

3. ensure that the child and parent or guardian have input into education plans the state develops for the child (SDE and school boards must solicit this input on the provision of educational services to children in congregate care settings); and

4. collaborate with school boards on professional development specifically designed for educators who work with children in the juvenile justice system.

The bill requires school boards to provide for the review of educational records of children in the juvenile justice system.

EFFECTIVE DATE: August 15, 2017

19 – PLAN FOR EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF YOUTH REENTERING COMMUNITY

The bill requires the SDE commissioner, by January 1, 2017 and in collaboration with the DCF and DOC commissioners and the Judicial Branch, to develop and submit a plan to the JJPOC to address the individualized educational needs of youth reentering the community from public and private juvenile justice facilities. The plan must be implemented within available resources and have an implementation date no later than August 15, 2017.

The plan must include:

1. establishing transition teams to reintegrate children exiting residential facilities to help them have a timely and effective reconnection with educational and alternative education services provided by the applicable school board, and ensure that any special education needs of the child are identified and adequately met;

2. designating a reentry liaison for each school board for children returning to the district, to expedite their enrollment and ensure that they receive academic credit for work performed while in the juvenile justice system; and

3. the costs for implementing an array of research-supported academic and vocational transitional supports, including tutors, educational surrogates, coaches, and advocates.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage

20 – RAISE THE GRADE

Existing law required DCF, in consultation with SDE, to establish a two-year “Raise the Grade” pilot program in Bridgeport, Hartford, and New Haven, starting in July 2013. The program's purpose was to increase the academic achievement of children and youth in DCF custody or being served by CSSD in these cities.

The bill requires DCF to continue the initiative, with input from the applicable school boards. It also extends and expands upon the existing reporting requirement.

Under current law, DCF, in coordination with CSSD and SDE, was required to report to the Achievement Gap Task Force upon the program's conclusion. The bill requires annual reporting, starting January 1, 2017, and requires the report to also go to the JJPOC. It requires the reports to address the program's compliance with the federal IDEA, in addition to the existing requirements, which included the number and educational profile of children served and the program's impact on their educational performance.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage

21 – RECIDIVISM REDUCTION FRAMEWORK

The bill requires DCF and the Judicial Branch, by January 1, 2017, to work with private service providers to adopt and adhere to an empirically supported recidivism reduction framework for the juvenile justice system. The framework must:

1. include risk and needs assessment tools,

2. use treatment matching protocols that assess a child's needs and the risks a child faces,

3. use cross-agency measurements of program outcomes and training and quality assurance processes,

4. use program and practice monitoring and accountability,

5. draw from best and evidence-based practices from an inventory DCF and the Judicial Branch annually update, and

6. ensure sufficient contract and quality assurance capacity and shared training between agencies and private providers.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage

22 – DCF AND JUDICIAL BRANCH STAFF TRAINING AND DATA MONITORING

The bill requires DCF and the Judicial Branch, by January 1, 2017, to:

1. develop, provide, and monitor staff training on policies and practices in secure and congregate care settings that promote de-escalation;

2. monitor and track successful and unsuccessful de-escalation efforts used in these settings;

3. collect baseline data on the number and rate of arrests in these settings, tracked by race and gender and whether the child is considered to be at risk for recidivism; and

4. track and analyze recidivism rates of all children involved with the juvenile justice system.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage

23 – RECIDIVISM REDUCTION

Under the bill, the Office of Policy and Management (OPM) secretary must select a neutral agency that he deems to not have an active role in recidivism reduction efforts for children. The bill requires the selected agency's commissioner to track and analyze recidivism rates for children in the state. (Presumably this refers to a state agency.)

EFFECTIVE DATE: January 1, 2017

24 – JJPOC

By law, the JJPOC is charged with evaluating and reporting on (1) juvenile justice system policies and (2) the extension of juvenile jurisdiction to 16- and 17-year-olds (see BACKGROUND – Related Bill).

Under current law, the JJPOC has over 40 members. The bill adds the victim advocate, or his designee, to the committee.

Strategic Plan

By law, the JJPOC must implement a strategic plan integrating short-, medium-, and long-term goals for itself and state agencies with juvenile justice system responsibilities. In doing so, the JJPOC must collaborate with (1) any such state agencies, including the Judicial Branch, DCF, SDE, DOC, and the departments of Labor and Mental Health and Addiction Services (DMHAS), and (2) municipal police departments.

Under the bill, the JJPOC must request information from these agencies, which must provide information needed to determine the outcomes and effectiveness of implementing the strategic plan.

Committee-Based Diversion System

The bill requires the JJPOC to report on developing a plan for a community-based diversion system. The committee must report by January 1, 2017 to the Appropriations, Children's, Human Services, and Judiciary committees and the OPM secretary.

The diversion system described in the report must:

1. divert children who commit crimes from the juvenile justice system, other than those committing serious juvenile offenses;

2. identify evidence-based and trauma-informed services that are culturally and linguistically appropriate;

3. expand the capacity of juvenile review boards to cover the entire state, accept referrals from local police departments and schools outside the juvenile justice system, and implement restorative justice practices;

4. expand prevention, intervention, and treatment services by youth service bureaus;

5. include a school-based diversion initiative to reduce juvenile justice involvement of youth with mental health needs;

6. expand access to in-home and community services;

7. identify and expand services for children who are truant or defying school rules and increase collaboration between school districts and community providers to best serve these children;

8. expand the use of memoranda of understanding (MOUs) under law between local police and school boards for providing school resource officers in schools and districts that do not have them; and

9. expand the use of MOUs between school boards and community providers for community-based services.

Data Working Group

The bill requires the JJPOC to establish a data working group to develop, implement, and maintain a data integration process linking data on children across executive branch agencies (through OPM's integrated data system) and the Judicial Branch (through CSSD). The purpose of this data integration is to evaluate and assess juvenile justice system programs, services, and outcomes.

The working group must include the following, or their designees:

1. the DCF, DOC, SDE, and DMHAS commissioners;

2. the chief state's attorney;

3. the chief public defender;

4. the OPM secretary; and

5. the chief court administrator.

The bill requires the working group to:

1. access relevant data on juvenile justice populations;

2. link executive and judicial branch data to facilitate data sharing and analysis;

3. establish uniform provisions for protecting confidential information and enforcing and ensuring compliance with state and federal confidentiality protections;

4. develop specific recommendations for the JJPOC on using limited releases of client specific data sharing across systems, including with OPM, the Division of Criminal Justice, DCF, SDE, DMHAS, the Judicial Branch, and other agencies;

5. develop a standard MOU template for data-sharing between executive and judicial branch agencies, and when necessary, outside researchers; and

6. perform similar tasks as JJPOC directs.

Mental Health Reporting and Recommendations

Existing law requires the JJPOC to report on its progress in achieving its goals and measures, quarterly until January 1, 2017 and annually after that. It must report to the Appropriations, Children's, Human Services, and Judiciary committees and the OPM secretary.

Starting with the report due October 1, 2016, the bill requires JJPOC to study and include recommendations on mental health and juvenile justice issues, including recommendations:

1. to ensure that children in the juvenile justice system have access to a full range of community-based behavioral health services;

2. on reimbursement policies that give providers incentives to deliver evidence-based practices to these children;

3. to ensure that probation and parole officers have access to assistance from licensed behavioral health clinicians;

4. to ensure that secure facilities operated by DCF and CSSD, and private providers contracting with them, screen children in the facilities for behavioral health issues; and

5. to expand service capacities, retain staff, and deliver evidence-based practices to all children, whether or not in the juvenile justice system, informed by examining grant funds and federal Medicaid reimbursement rates.

Under the bill, the reports also must address:

1. reinvesting cost savings associated with reduced childhood incarceration rates and increased accessibility to community-based behavioral health services and

2. promoting common behavioral health screening tools in schools and communities.

EFFECTIVE DATE: Upon passage

BACKGROUND

Connecticut Juvenile Training School (CJTS)

CJTS is a secure facility to which male youths age 12 to 20 may be committed (1) following a juvenile delinquency conviction, (2) if parole services are not adequate for a youth, or (3) from a DCF residential facility or hospital if the DCF commissioner feels that the facility cannot safely hold the youth or the youth is a danger to himself or others.  The Pueblo Unit is a similar facility for female youths.

Related Bill

sSB 18, reported favorably by the Judiciary Committee, raises the age of the juvenile justice jurisdiction and makes several changes to various laws related to juvenile matters to reflect the age increase. In doing so, it creates a new category of individuals within the juvenile justice system, “young adults,” which includes 18-year-olds, beginning July 1, 2017; 19-year-olds, beginning July 1, 2018; and 20-year-olds, beginning July 1, 2019. It thereby makes existing delinquency proceedings generally applicable to young adults.

The bill requires the JJPOC to plan for the implementation of any changes required to the juvenile justice system to extend the juvenile court's jurisdiction to include 18-, 19-, and 20-year-olds; allows JJPOC to form workgroups to carry out its duties; and requires the committee to report its findings and recommendations to the governor and the General Assembly by January 1, 2017.

COMMITTEE ACTION

Judiciary Committee

Joint Favorable Substitute

Yea

41

Nay

4

(03/30/2016)