PA 15-168—sHB 6834
Public Safety and Security Committee
AN ACT CONCERNING COLLABORATION BETWEEN BOARDS OF EDUCATION AND SCHOOL RESOURCE OFFICERS AND THE COLLECTION AND REPORTING OF DATA ON SCHOOL-BASED ARRESTS
SUMMARY: This act requires a local or regional school board that assigns a sworn police officer to a school (i. e. , school resource officer) to enter into a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the local police department or the Division of State Police defining the officer's role and responsibilities. The MOU must address daily interactions among students, school personnel, and police officers and can include a graduated-response model for student discipline (see BACKGROUND). (PA 15-5, June Special Session, § 342, removed the State Police from the requirement and requires, rather than allows, MOUs to include a student discipline graduated-response model. )
By law, each local and regional school board must submit to the education commissioner an annual strategic school profile (SSP) with certain required data (e. g. , student performance and school resources) for each of its schools and the district as a whole. The act additionally requires the boards to submit, as part of their SSP, data on (1) in-school and out-of-school suspensions and expulsions and (2) school-based arrests.
As a separate reporting requirement, the State Department of Education (SDE) must disaggregate the new data required under the act by school, race, ethnicity, gender, age, disability status, English language learner (ELL) status, free and reduced price lunch eligibility, offense type, and number of arrests made annually at each school. By law, an ELL student is someone who a local or regional board of education reports as such to SDE (CGS § 10-76kk).
The act requires SDE to (1) report annually to the State Board of Education on the disaggregation of the data and make the report available to the public on SDE's website and (2) include the disaggregated data of school-based arrests in the statewide public school information system (PSIS). PSIS, by law, already tracks various data related to students, teachers, schools, and district performance.
The act defines a “school-based arrest” as an arrest of a student for conduct (1) on school property or (2) at a school-sponsored event, which is a school activity conducted on or off school property regardless of when it takes place. A student is someone enrolled in a school under the local or regional board of education responsible for submitting his or her information for the SSP.
EFFECTIVE DATE: July 1, 2015
The Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee, which advises the governor on juvenile justice and delinquency prevention, developed a model MOU for use between districts and police departments. The graduated-response model in its MOU contains guidelines on classroom intervention; school administrative intervention, assessment, and service provision; and law enforcement intervention.
OLR Tracking: JM; KS; TA; BS