OFFICE OF FISCAL ANALYSIS

Legislative Office Building, Room 5200

Hartford, CT 06106 (860) 240-0200

http://www.cga.ct.gov/ofa

sSB-1109

AN ACT CONCERNING EXCESSIVE USE OF FORCE.


OFA Fiscal Note

State Impact:

Agency Affected

Fund-Effect

FY 16 $

FY 17 $

Criminal Justice, Div.

GF - Cost

Approximately $64,000 per Case

Approximately $64,000

Various State Agencies

GF - Cost

See Below

See Below

Note: GF=General Fund

Municipal Impact:

Municipalities

Effect

FY 16 $

FY 17 $

Various Municipalities

STATE MANDATE - Cost

See Below

See Below

Explanation

Section 1 of the bill requires each basic or review training program administered by the Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection (DESPP) or a municipal police department to include training on the use of body-worn recording equipment, cultural sensitivity, and deadly use of force. DESPP and certain municipalities are anticipated to incur costs ranging from $20,000 to $100,000 in FY 16 to develop and implement such training programs.

Section 2 of the bill requires each police officer to wear body–worn recording equipment. Such equipment suitable for law enforcement uses typically ranges in price from $50 - $1,000 per officer depending upon the recording functionality (audio, video, or both) of the equipment; this cost is anticipated to be incurred in FY 16. Additionally, such recording equipment requires significant data storage infrastructure, either server- or cloud-based, likely to range from $5 - $35 per officer per month with significant additional initial equipment and personnel costs necessary for in-house server-based storage configurations. Certain state and municipal police departments already deploy body-worn recording equipment and may not incur additional costs as a result of this provision.

Section 3 of the bill requires each law enforcement unit to develop and implement guidelines for the recruitment and retention of minority officers. While many departments already have such policies in place, those that do not may incur costs beginning in FY 16, likely less than $20,000 per year, to do so.

Section 4 of the bill expands circumstances that the Division of Criminal Justice must investigate a death involving a peace officer and requires that the investigation must be conducted by a contracted special assistant state's attorney, as opposed to a prosecutor from a different judicial district as is currently done. It is estimated, based on previous investigations, that it would take approximately 160 hours at an hourly rate of $400/hour, for a total cost of approximately $64,000 per case. On average there have been four such cases each year. The expansion includes all cases involving physical force that results in a death, as opposed to all deadly physical force, which may result in an increased number of investigations annually.

Section 5 of the bill requires each law enforcement unit to record information detailing any incident wherein the firearm of a police officer is discharged. While this is current practice for many departments already, certain non-compliant departments may incur costs beginning in FY 16, likely less than $5,000 per year, to do so.

Section 6 of the bill prevents law enforcement units from hiring any police officer who was previously dismissed from another such unit for misconduct or who resigned while being investigated for such behavior. The bill also requires any law enforcement unit to notify another if it becomes aware that a former officer applies for employment after such a dismissal or resignation. There is no cost arising from these provisions of the bill.

The Out Years

The annualized ongoing fiscal impact identified above would continue into the future subject to inflation.