OFFICE OF FISCAL ANALYSIS

Legislative Office Building, Room 5200

Hartford, CT 06106 (860) 240-0200

http://www.cga.ct.gov/ofa

sHB-7050

AN ACT CONCERNING THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM.

As Amended by House "A" (LCO 8195)

House Calendar No.: 491


OFA Fiscal Note

State Impact:

Agency Affected

Fund-Effect

FY 16 $

FY 17 $

Correction, Dept.; Judicial Dpt (Probation)

GF - Potential Savings

See Below

See Below

Children & Families, Dept.

GF - Potential Cost

See Below

See Below

Note: GF=General Fund

Municipal Impact: None

Explanation

Section 1 of the bill narrows the circumstances under which cases are automatically transferred from juvenile court to adult criminal court. The section results in potential savings to the Department of Correction (DOC) and the Judicial Department and potential costs to the Department of Children and Families (DCF). To the extent that future criminal cases involving juveniles are not transferred to adult court, more juvenile offenders will potentially be committed to DCF and fewer to DOC. On average, it costs DOC approximately $200 per day to house a juvenile offender, as opposed to approximately $600 per day under the supervision of DCF. It should be noted, however, that DCF commitments are limited to 4 years and terminate automatically when the offender turns 20. There are no such limits on juvenile offender sentences when they are adjudicated in the adult court. In FY 14, prosecutors requested transfer of at least 157 cases from juvenile to adult court. There is no data available on the number of cases which will result in automatic transfer under the bill.

Section 2 requires the presence of a parent or guardian for a confession or statement made by a 16 or 17-year old to be admissible in court and does not result in a fiscal impact.

Section 3 expands the responsibilities of the Juvenile Justice Policy and Oversight Committee (JJPOC). The JJPOC is budgeted to receive an appropriation of $150,000 in the budget of the Judicial Department to allow for staff assistance from the University of New Haven.

Section 4 involves the use of shackles in juvenile court and does not result in a fiscal impact.

House Amendment “A” strikes section 1 and inserts similar language that results in the fiscal impact described above.

The Out Years

The annualized ongoing fiscal impact identified above would continue into the future subject to inflation.