OLR Bill Analysis

sHB 5525 (as amended by House "A")*

AN ACT CONCERNING CYTOMEGALOVIRUS.

SUMMARY:

Starting January 1, 2016, this bill requires all health care institutions caring for newborn infants to test those who fail a newborn hearing screening for cytomegalovirus (CMV). It requires the testing to be done (1) within available appropriations and (2) as soon as is medically appropriate, unless, as allowed by law, their parents object on religious grounds.

 Like existing law that requires these institutions to test newborn infants for cystic fibrosis, severe combined immunodeficiency disease, and critical congenital heart disease, the test for CMV is not part of the state's newborn screening program for genetic and metabolic disorders. That program, in addition to screening, directs parents of identified infants to counseling and treatment.

The bill also requires health care institutions to report CMV cases confirmed by the screening to the Department of Public Health (DPH) in a form and manner the commissioner prescribes.

*House Amendment “A” requires health care institutions to report confirmed CMV cases to DPH.

EFFECTIVE DATE: July 1, 2015

BACKGROUND

CMV

CMV is a type of herpesvirus, which places it in a group with chickenpox, shingles, and mononucleosis. Although usually harmless in healthy adults and children, CMV in newborns can lead to hearing loss or developmental disabilities. Transmission from mother to fetus occurs during pregnancy.

Related Bill

HB 5271, reported favorably by the Public Health Committee, requires health care institutions to test newborns for globoid cell leukodystrophy once certain conditions are met.

COMMITTEE ACTION

Public Health Committee

Joint Favorable

Yea

27

Nay

0

(03/23/2015)