OLR Bill Analysis
AN ACT CONCERNING CYTOMEGALOVIRUS.
Starting January 1, 2016, this bill requires all health care institutions caring for newborn infants to test those who fail a newborn hearing screening for cytomegalovirus (CMV). It requires the testing be done (1) within available appropriations and (2) as soon as is medically appropriate, unless, as allowed by law, their parents object on religious grounds.
Like existing law that requires these institutions to test newborn infants for cystic fibrosis, severe combined immunodeficiency disease, and critical congenital heart disease, the test for cytomegalovirus is not part of the state's newborn screening program for genetic and metabolic disorders. That program, in addition to screening, directs parents of identified infants to counseling and treatment.
EFFECTIVE DATE: July 1, 2015
CMV is a type of herpesvirus, which places it in a group with chickenpox, shingles, and mononucleosis. Although usually harmless in healthy adults and children, CMV in newborns can lead to hearing loss or developmental disabilities. Transmission from mother to fetus occurs during pregnancy.
HB 5271, reported favorably by the Public Health Committee, requires health care institutions to test newborns for globoid cell leukodystrophy once certain conditions are met.
Public Health Committee