OLR Bill Analysis
AN ACT CONCERNING THE DUTIES OF A CONSERVATOR AND OTHER PERSONS AUTHORIZED TO MAKE DECISIONS RELATING TO THE CARE AND DISPOSITION OF A DECEASED PERSON'S BODY.
This bill makes various changes concerning the disposition of a body after a person's death. It allows an agent with power of attorney to execute a written document before the principal's death (1) directing the body's disposition upon death or (2) designating someone to have custody and control of the body's disposition upon death. It gives the same authority to a conservator in regard to the conserved person's body after death, but only if the probate court expressly authorizes it.
The bill generally prohibits someone with custody and control of the disposition of a deceased person's body from knowingly providing for disposition in a manner inconsistent with an advance directive. But, a contrary disposition is allowed if approved by the probate court. Presumably, this provision also applies to a conservator's or agent's disposition document as described above.
The bill specifies that when multiple people have equal disposition rights over a deceased relative's body, a majority who can be located and want to participate make the arrangements.
The bill also makes technical changes.
EFFECTIVE DATE: October 1, 2014
DISPOSITION OF BODY AFTER DEATH
Agents and Conservators
The bill extends to the documents that agents and conservators can execute to direct a body's disposition after death the same conditions as currently apply to advance directives that people execute for themselves. Thus, the document must be signed by the agent or conservator and attested by two witnesses. The document can:
1. direct the body's disposition after death (e.g., cremation, burial);
2. designate someone to (a) have custody and control of the body and (b) if applicable, carry out the directions for disposition; or
3. do both of the above.
If the document designates an individual, it can also designate an alternate.
Existing law generally prohibits anyone from challenging a funeral director's decision to carry out disposition directions contained in an advance directive. This same prohibition applies under the bill to a conservator's or agent's disposition document.
Existing law also provides that a later properly executed advance directive revokes any previous such document. Presumably, this also applies to a conservator's or agent's document.
Existing law sets out a model form for an individual's advance directive for disposition of his or her body. The bill does not set out a similar model form for use by agents or conservators.
Disposition By Next of Kin in Absence of Designation
Under existing law, the right to custody and control of a deceased person's body belongs to the person's next of kin if (1) the person did not designate an individual in an advance directive or (2) any designated individual or alternate declines to act or cannot be located within 48 hours after the death or discovery of the body. The first priority for having custody and control generally rests with the spouse, if any, and subsequent priority rests with other relatives (see BACKGROUND). Custody and control are subject to any disposition directions in the deceased person's advance directive. Under the bill, the same rule applies to agents' or conservators' written documents.
If (1) there is no surviving spouse or the spouse does not have priority and (2) multiple other relatives have equal priority, the bill also provides that custody and control of the body rest in a majority of the relatives who can be located and who indicate, in writing, their willingness to participate in making disposition arrangements within a reasonable time, up to 10 days after the deceased is identified.
Order of Priority for Making Disposition Arrangements
By law, a deceased person's remains belong to the person's next of kin, unless he or she legally appointed someone else. In this context, the next of kin, in order of priority, are the decedent's:
1. surviving spouse, unless the spouse abandoned the decedent or a court adjudged the spouse to be incapable;
2. surviving adult children;
3. surviving parents;
4. surviving siblings; and
5. any other adult in the next degree of kinship in the order named by law to inherit the decedent's estate, as long as that person is within the third degree of kinship or higher (e.g., aunts, uncles, grandparents).
If there are no such surviving relatives, custody and control rests with another adult chosen by the probate court (CGS § 45a-318).
Joint Favorable Substitute