PA 13-178—sSB 972
Human Services Committee
Public Health Committee
AN ACT CONCERNING THE MENTAL, EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL HEALTH OF YOUTHS
SUMMARY: This act requires the Department of Children and Families (DCF) and the Office of Early Childhood (OEC), in consultation and collaboration with various individuals and agencies, to take several steps to address Connecticut children's mental, emotional, and behavioral health needs. It requires DCF to develop a comprehensive plan to (1) meet these needs and (2) prevent or reduce the long-term negative impact of mental, emotional, and behavioral health issues on children. It requires OEC to (1) provide recommendations to several legislative committees on coordinating home visitation programs that offer services to vulnerable families with young children and (2) design and implement a public information and education campaign on children's mental, emotional, and behavioral health issues.
The act requires training for school resource officers, mental health care providers, pediatricians, and child care providers. It also requires the (1) state to seek existing public and private reimbursement for mental, emotional, and behavioral health services and (2) Birth-to-Three program to provide mental health services to children eligible for early intervention services under federal law.
The act also (1) allows the Judicial Branch to seek funding to perform a study to determine whether children and young adults who primarily need mental health interventions are placed in the juvenile justice or corrections systems instead of receiving appropriate treatment and (2) establishes a 14-member task force to study the effects of nutrition, genetics, complementary and alternative treatments, and psychotropic drugs on children's mental, emotional, and behavioral health.
EFFECTIVE DATE: July 1, 2013, except the Judicial Branch and OEC provisions are effective on October 1, 2013.
§ 1 — DCF IMPLEMENTATION PLAN AND TRAINING REQUIREMENTS
The act requires DCF to develop a comprehensive implementation plan across agency and policy areas for meeting the mental, emotional, and behavioral needs of all children in the state and preventing or reducing the long-term negative impact of mental, emotional, and behavioral health issues on children. DCF must develop the plan in consultation with (1) representatives of children and families the department serves; (2) providers of mental, emotional, or behavioral health services for children and families; (3) advocates; and (4) others interested in the well-being of children and families in the state.
Plan Requirements. The plan must include strategies to prevent or reduce the long-term negative impact of mental, emotional, and behavioral health issues on children by:
1. employing prevention-focused techniques that emphasize early identification and intervention;
2. ensuring access to developmentally appropriate services;
3. offering comprehensive care within a service continuum;
4. engaging communities, families, and youth in mental, emotional, and behavioral health care services planning, delivery, and evaluation;
5. reflecting race, culture, religion, language, and ability awareness;
6. establishing results-based accountability (RBA) measures to track progress towards the act's goals and objectives;
7. applying data-informed quality assurance strategies to address children's mental, emotional, and behavioral health issues; and
8. improving school and community-based mental health services integration.
The plan must also include strategies to enhance early interventions, consumer input, and public information and accountability by increasing:
1. family and youth engagement in medical homes, in collaboration with the Department of Public Health (DPH) (see BACKGROUND);
2. awareness of the 2-1-1 Infoline (a single telephone source for information about community services, referrals to human services programs, and crisis intervention), in collaboration with the Department of Social Services (DSS); and
3. in collaboration with each program that addresses the mental, emotional, or behavioral health of children and receives state public funds, data collection on each program's results, including information on issues related to treatment response times, provider availability, and access to treatment options.
Reporting Requirements. The act requires the DCF commissioner to submit to the governor and Children's and Appropriations committees (1) a report on the implementation plan's progress by April 15, 2014 and (2) the implementation plan by October 1, 2014.
It requires DCF, starting by October 1, 2015 and biennially through 2019, to submit to the governor and Children's and Appropriations committees progress reports on the status of implementation and any data-driven recommendations to alter or augment implementation.
Mental Health Care Provider Training
The act requires DCF, in collaboration with agencies that provide training for mental health care providers in urban, suburban, and rural areas, to provide phased-in, ongoing training for mental health care providers in evidence-based and trauma-informed interventions and practices.
§ 1 — SCHOOL BOARD REQUIREMENTS
Collaboration Between Health Care Providers and School Boards
The act requires emergency mobile psychiatric service providers to collaborate with community-based mental health care agencies, school-based health care centers, and the contracting authority for each local or regional board of education in the state to, at a minimum, (1) improve coordination and communication in order to promptly identify and refer children with mental, emotional, or behavioral health issues to the appropriate treatment program and (2) plan for any appropriate follow-up with the child and family. This may be done through memoranda of understanding, policy and protocols regarding referrals and outreach, liaison between the respective entities, or other methods.
School Resource Officer (SRO) Training
The act requires local law enforcement agencies and local and regional school boards that employ or engage SROs, provided federal funds are available, to train SROs in nationally recognized best practices to prevent students with mental health issues from being victimized or disproportionately referred to the juvenile justice system because of their mental health issues.
§§ 2, 5, & 6 — OEC
Pediatrician and Child Care Provider Training
The act requires OEC to collaborate with DCF to provide, to the extent that private, federal, or philanthropic funding is available, professional development training to pediatricians and child care providers to help prevent and identify mental, emotional, and behavioral health issues in children by using the Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Competencies, or a similar model, with a focus on maternal depression and its impact on child development.
(This provision refers to OEC as created by SB 6359, which did not pass during the 2013 legislative session. OEC was instead created on June 24, 2013 by Executive Order No. 35. OEC's powers under the order are essentially the same as they would have been under the bill. )
Home Visitation Programs
The act requires OEC, by December 1, 2014 and through the Early Childhood Education Cabinet, to provide recommendations to the Appropriations, Children's, Education, and Human Services committees for implementing the coordination of home visitation programs that offer a services continuum to vulnerable families with young children, including prevention, early intervention, and intensive intervention within the early childhood system. (Apparently this refers to the system of early care and education and child development that the new OEC will administer. ) Such families include those facing poverty; trauma; violence; special health care needs; mental, emotional or behavioral health care needs; substance abuse challenges; and teen parenthood. The recommendations must address, at a minimum:
1. a common referral process for families requesting home visitation programs;
2. a core set of (a) competencies and required training for all home visitors and (b) standards and outcomes for all programs, including requirements for a monitoring framework;
3. coordinated training for home visitation and early care providers, to the extent that training is currently provided, on cultural competency; mental health awareness; and issues such as child trauma, poverty, literacy, and language acquisition;
4. development of common outcomes;
5. shared annual outcome reporting to the Appropriations, Children's, and Human Services committees, including information on existing gaps in services, disaggregated (broken down) by agency and program;
6. home-based treatment options for parents of young children suffering from severe depression; and
7. intensive intervention services for children experiencing mental, emotional, or behavioral health issues, including relationship-focused intervention services for young children.
Public Information and Education Campaign
The act requires OEC, to the extent that private funding is available and in collaboration with DCF, DPH, and the Department of Education, to design and implement a public information and education campaign on children's mental, emotional, and behavioral health issues. The campaign must provide:
1. information on (a) access to support and intervention programs providing mental, emotional, and behavioral health care services to children, (b) the importance of a relationship with and connection to an adult in the early childhood years, and (c) existing public and private reimbursement for services rendered;
2. a list of emotional landmarks and the typical ages at which they are attained;
3. strategies that (a) parents and families can use to improve their child's mental, emotional, and behavioral health, including executive functioning and self-regulation and (b) address mental illness stigma; and
4. information to parents on methods to address and cope with mental, emotional, and behavioral health issues at various stages of a (a) child's development and (b) parent's work and family life.
The act requires OEC, by October 1, 2014 and to the extent private funding is available, to begin reporting annually to the Children's and Public Health committees on the status of the public information and education campaign. (In this provision, as above, the act refers to OEC as created by SB 6359. OEC was instead created by Executive Order No. 35. )
§ 3 — BIRTH-TO-THREE PROGRAM
The Birth-to-Three program administered by the Department of Developmental Services provides early intervention services as defined by federal regulation to children eligible under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) (20 USC § 1431 et seq. ) (see BACKGROUND). The act requires the program to provide mental health services to any child eligible for early intervention services under that provision. The program must refer any child not eligible for services to a licensed mental health care provider for evaluation and treatment, as needed.
§ 4 — MENTAL, EMOTIONAL, OR BEHAVIORAL HEALTH SERVICES REIMBURSEMENT
The act requires the state to seek existing public and private reimbursement for mental, emotional, and behavioral health services (1) delivered in the home and elementary and secondary schools or (2) offered through DSS under the federal Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT) program. It does not specify what agent of the state must seek the reimbursement.
§ 7 — JUVENILE JUSTICE AND CORRECTIONS REFERRALS
The act allows the Judicial Branch, in collaboration with DCF and the Department of Correction, to seek public and private funding to perform a study:
1. disaggregated by race, to determine whether children and young adults whose primary need is mental health intervention are placed into the juvenile justice or corrections systems instead of receiving treatment;
2. to determine (a) the consequences of inappropriate referrals to the juvenile justice or correctional systems, including the impact on children and young adults' mental, emotional, and behavioral health and the cost to the state and (b) programs that would reduce inappropriate referrals; and
3. to make recommendations to ensure proper treatment is available for children suffering from mental, emotional, or behavioral health issues.
The act requires the Judicial Branch, upon completing the study, to report the results to the Appropriations, Children's, and Judiciary committees. (The act does not specify a timeframe for the study's completion. )
§ 8 — CHILDREN'S MENTAL HEALTH TASK FORCE
The act establishes the Children's Mental Health Task Force to:
1. study the effects of nutrition, genetics, complementary and alternative treatments, and psychotropic drugs on children's mental, emotional, and behavioral health;
2. gather and maintain current information on those effects; and
3. advise the governor and General Assembly on how to coordinate and administer state programs to address the impact of those effects on children's mental, emotional, and behavioral health using an RBA framework.
The task force members must serve without compensation but must, within the limits of available funds, be reimbursed for necessary expenses incurred performing their duties. The members must include the Children's Committee chairpersons and ranking members and the following:
1. a state-licensed (a) psychologist appointed by the Senate president pro tempore, (b) child psychiatrist appointed by the House speaker, (c) pediatrician appointed by the Children's Committee Senate chairperson, and (d) dietitian-nutritionist appointed by the Children's Committee Senate ranking member;
2. a licensed and board-certified physician specializing in genetics, appointed by the Senate majority leader;
3. a public health expert in children's health issues, appointed by the Senate minority leader;
4. an educator with expertise providing school-based mental health services in collaboration with community-based mental health service providers, appointed by the House minority leader;
5. a complementary and alternative medicine or integrative therapy expert specializing in the treatment of physical, mental, emotional, and behavioral health issues in children, appointed by the Children's Committee House chairperson (PA 13-234, § 121, instead requires the House majority leader to make this appointment);
6. a psychotropic pharmacologist, appointed by the Children's Committee House ranking member; and
7. a pharmacologist appointed by the governor.
All task force appointments must be made by July 31, 2013. The appointing authority must fill any vacancy. The Children's Committee chairpersons must chair the task force and schedule the first meeting by August 30, 2013, and the committee's administrative staff serve as the task force's administrative staff.
The act requires the task force to report its findings and recommendations to the DCF commissioner and Children's Committee by September 30, 2014. It terminates on the date it submits the report or September 30, 2014, whichever is later.
Medical homes, as defined by federal law, are for people eligible for Medicaid services who have (1) two chronic conditions, (2) one chronic condition with a risk of developing a second, or (3) a serious and persistent mental health or substance abuse condition. Medical home care includes:
1. comprehensive case management;
2. care coordination and health promotion;
3. comprehensive transitional care, including appropriate follow up, from inpatient to other settings;
4. patient and family support;
5. referral to community and social support services, if relevant; and
6. the use of health information technology to link services.
IDEA – Part C
Part C of IDEA (20 USC § 1431 et seq. ) provides federal grants to states for early intervention services for infants and toddlers up to age three with disabilities and their families. Part C provides general eligibility guidelines and leaves it to each state to define eligible developmental delays.
Under Connecticut regulations, a child age three or younger has a developmental delay that makes him or her eligible for early intervention services if his or her score on an appropriate norm-referenced standardized diagnostic instrument is (1) two standard deviations below the mean in one area of development or (2) one and one-half standard deviations below the mean in at least two areas of development (Conn. Agencies Reg. , § 17a-248-1).
Under the federal regulations, early intervention services include family training, counseling, home visits, and psychological and social work services (39 CFR § 303. 12).
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