PA 12-46—sSB 258
Labor and Public Employees Committee
AN ACT CONCERNING AN INCREASE IN THE MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION TRUST FUND BALANCE
SUMMARY: Beginning with the 2013 calendar year, this act changes the method used to calculate the ideal amount of money that should be retained in the unemployment compensation trust fund. Under existing law, the fund's goal is 0. 8% of the total wages paid by contributing employers. In 2013, the act changes the goal to an average high cost multiple (AHCM) of 0. 5 (i. e. , one half year's worth of average recessionary level unemployment benefits), then increases it by 0. 1 per year until it reaches an AHCM of 1. 0 (one year's worth of average recessionary level unemployment benefits) in 2018. From that point forward, the act requires the fund's goal to be an AHCM of 1. 0.
By law, a portion of the unemployment taxes paid by employers is based on the fund balance rate, which can vary between zero (when the trust fund has reached its funding goal) and a statutory maximum of 1. 4% (when the fund is significantly below its goal) of the first $15,000 in annual wages paid to each employee. The act maintains these minimum and maximum tax rates and, as under prior law, also (1) requires the fund administrator to lower the rate when the fund exceeds its goal and (2) prohibits the administrator from setting a rate that will result in the fund exceeding its goal.
EFFECTIVE DATE: October 1, 2012
THE AVERAGE HIGH COST MULTIPLE
The AHCM expresses how many years the current reserve in an unemployment trust fund can pay out benefits at a historically high payout rate. If a state's AHCM is 1. 0 immediately prior to a recession, and if the recession is of the average magnitude of the last three recessions, then the money in the state's trust fund should be able to cover one year of unemployment benefits without any additional funding. If the state's AHCM is 0. 5, then the state should be able to cover six months of benefits.
Under the act, the AHCM is determined by (1) expressing the amount in the unemployment trust fund at the end of each calendar year as a fraction of the total wages paid by contributing employers during that year and (2) dividing that number by the average of the three highest annual benefit amounts (expressed as a percentage of the total covered wages) that were paid over the last 20 years or last three recessions, whichever period is longer. Annual benefit amounts include the state's share of extended benefits (weeks 79-99 of benefits), but do not include reimbursable benefits (the benefits paid to former public employees during weeks 1-26 of their unemployment).
If a state has $500 million in its unemployment trust fund and total covered wages of $50 billion, it has 1. 0% of covered wages in its trust fund. If, during the three worst years of the state's last three recessions, the state paid annual benefits worth 1. 5%, 2. 0%, and 2. 5% of its total covered wages, the average highest benefit amount would be 2. 0%. The state's AHCM would therefore be 1. 0/2. 0 = 0. 5. With an AHCM of 0. 5, the state could expect the $500 million in its trust fund to cover six months of recessionary level benefits without any additional funding.
Under regulations implemented by the U. S. Department of Labor in 2010, to qualify for a short-term interest-free unemployment loan from the federal government, a state's trust fund must have met certain AHCM goals in at least one of the five years preceding the loan request. These goals are phased in over five years, with an AHCM of 0. 5 required in 2014, and an AHCM of 1. 0 required in 2019 (20 C. F. R. § 606. 32).
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