Connecticut laws/regulations;

OLR Research Report

February 2, 2012




By: Robin K. Cohen, Principal Analyst

You asked for a chart showing the assistance that the Department of Children and Families (DCF) provides to young adults (generally ages 18-23) who (1) at one time were committed to DCF as abused, neglected, or uncared for and (2) enroll in post-secondary educational institutions. You also asked about such assistance for children who never are committed to DCF custody but instead live with grandparents to whom the probate court grants guardianship.


DCF provides post-secondary educational assistance to certain young adults who, before their 18th birthday, were adjudicated as abused, neglected, or uncared for children and committed by the Superior Court to DCF. This includes children who are (1) in foster care through their 18th birthday, (2) adopted from DCF after December 31, 2004, or (3) cared for by guardians whom DCF licenses and subsidizes. No subsidies are available to children who are not committed to DCF and whose guardianship a local probate court transfers to a grandparent.

For young adults who are adoptees or children in foster care at age 18, the DCF subsidy covers tuition, fees, and room and board equivalent to these amounts at the University of Connecticut (UConn) (adoptees) or Central Connecticut State University (CCSU) (foster children). Young

adults whose care costs were subsidized by the Subsidized Guardianship Program (SGP) continue to receive that subsidy (equivalent to the monthly foster care rate).

To qualify for the post-secondary assistance, the young adult must be a high school graduate or have a GED. Those adults who were adopted children and those living in foster care at age 18 must maintain a 2.0 G.P.A. to receive an ongoing subsidy. The policy for the SGP is silent on the student's academic standing. Adopted children must contribute $500 annually toward their educational costs. The subsidies generally continue until the young adult's 23rd birthday, except they stop at age 21 for children in the SGP.



Young adults may be eligible for post secondary educational assistance if they were (1) in DCF custody on their 18th birthday or (2) in DCF custody, adopted before their 18th birthday, and adopted after December 31, 2004. Among other things, these prospective students must (1) be accepted into a full-time accredited or licensed program, (2) maintain a minimum GPA of 2.0 or its equivalent each year, (3) annually document school enrollment and grades to DCF, and (4) apply annually for the DCF assistance.

These adults must be accepted to their chosen educational institution before they turn 21 and can remain eligible for the assistance until the end of the school year in which they turn 23.

Young adults whose guardianship was transferred by the Superior Court and for whom DCF pays monthly SGP payments also can get help with post secondary educational expenses. This benefit is limited to the SGP payment and lasts only until the child turns 21.

Subsidy Amount

The DCF subsidy amount varies depending on whether the child was adopted, in foster care, or had a subsidized guardian. Generally, DCF pays the equivalent of tuition, room, and board at UConn for young adults who were adopted from DCF after December 31, 2004. It pays the CCSU rate to young adults who were in foster care on their 18th birthday. (DCF policy states that adoptees receive assistance equivalent to UConn in-state tuition, room and board, and fees. But in 2009, the legislature, through the budget process, directed DCF to change the policy to make the assistance the same for adoptees and foster children at the lower CCSU rate, according to the Office of Fiscal Analysis (OFA 2009 Budget Book, pp. 434-435), but this never happened.) For young adults cared for by subsidized guardians, the postsecondary assistance is the monthly SGP payment.

Table 1 shows which children qualify for DCF postsecondary assistance, the requirements for receiving it, and the assistance amounts.


Child's Status with DCF


Eligibility Requirements

DCF Policy Manual Citation

Amount of Subsidy

Duration of Subsidy

Foster children on 18th birthday


-Exhibit adequate social, behavioral, and life skills

-sign form indicating a desire to continue to receive DCF services through their 21st birthday

-maintain cooperation with DCF though a signed contract

-immediately begin a full-time post-secondary program following completion of high school or equivalent

-be in good academic standing (2.0 or school's standard)

-provide proof of applying for financial aid


Amount equivalent to in-state tuition, room and board, and fees at Central Connecticut State University

Until child reaches age 23

Children adopted from DCF after December 31, 2004 [1]


Young adult must be accepted to their chosen full-time accredited or licensed program before 21st birthday

-provide proof of applying for financial aid

$500 contribution per year


UConn tuition, room and board, and fees

Same as above

Children adopted from DCF before January 1, 2005



Children in subsidized guardianship program


Full-time attendance at technical school or state-accredited job training program


See also CGS 17a-126(f);

Continuation of the monthly subsidized guardianship payment, about $850 per month

Until child reaches age 21

Children whose guardianship was transferred by the probate court



[1] In 2005, Governor Rell instituted this policy as a way to induce more adults to adopt older foster children. Previously, no subsidies were available to these children.