OLR Bill Analysis

sSB 124 (File 381, as amended by Senate "A" and "B")*



This bill requires anyone receiving a wetlands regulated activity permit, dredging permit, certificate of permission for routine maintenance, or emergency authorization for corrective action on or after October 1, 2010, to file a certified copy of the document on the land records of the municipality where the property is located within 30 days of issuance (see BACKGROUND). It requires a property owner transferring land for which such a document is issued to record the document in the land records before the transfer (1).

The bill establishes a fee for retaining structures (1) built without the required building or dredging permit and (2) ineligible for a certificate of permission. The fee is four times the fee for a permit to build the structure, although the DEP commissioner may lower the fee upon a finding of significant extenuating circumstances, including whether the applicant acquired his or her interest in the site after the unauthorized activity occurred, is not otherwise liable, and did not have reason to know about the unauthorized activity. By law, permit fees depend on the size of the project. The bill permits the commissioner to establish a simplified fee schedule and vary the statutory permit fees and cost of publication through regulation. The schedule must promote expedited approval for applications consistent with all applicable standards and criteria (8).

The bill eliminates a provision permitting the placement, maintenance, or removal of aquaculture structures and buoys without a permit while a permit is pending (9).

The bill expands the activities eligible for a certificate of permission (10). By law, the commissioner may issue a certificate of permission for certain activities in state tidal, coastal, or navigable waters, including maintenance and repair of existing structures (CGS 22a-363b). It expands the list of notices and permits that may be submitted electronically.

Under current law, the commissioner must hold a hearing on a regulated activity permit request when 25 people petition her to do so. The bill allows a permit applicant to request a hearing on the application (3) (see BACKGROUND).

The bill also eliminates (1) coastal management grants to municipalities and (2) the estuarine embayment improvement program (12) and also makes technical and conforming changes.

The bill makes several changes to the statutes governing waste discharge. It replaces the state designated “no discharge” areas within Long Island Sound with the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) designated areas (see BACKGROUND). For the purposes of the section, the bill amends the definition of sewage to (1) include only human body wastes, toilet wastes, and waste from other receptacles; and (2) exclude animal, domestic, and manufacturing wastes (2).

The bill eliminates a requirement that the DEP submit to the General Assembly and governor an annual report concerning the development and implementation of the Coastal Management Act (6).

The bill also creates a group fishing license for any tax-exempt organization with the purpose of conducting a group fishing event for certain individuals. The license fee is $ 250.

The bill prohibits the DEP commissioner from making a determination of need or approving any permit application that is pending or filed on the date the bill passes for a new solid waste facility or the expansion of an existing facility located within 1,000 feet of a primary or secondary aquifer, until the need for additional capacity is determined by the Solid Waste Management Plan.

*Senate Amendment “A” adds the provisions relating to group fishing licenses and changes the effective date of the repeal of coastal management grants and the estuarine environment improvement program, to upon passage.

*Senate Amendment “B” adds the provision relating to solid waste facilities near aquifers.

EFFECTIVE DATE: October 1, 2010, except for the repeal of coastal management grants and the estuarine environment improvement program, the group fishing license, and the provisions affecting solid waste facilities, which are effective on passage.


The bill expands the activities eligible for a certificate of permission to include tidal wetland restoration; resource restoration or enhancement; and substantial maintenance or repair of structure, fill, obstructions, or encroachments landward of the mean high waterline and waterward of the high tide line, completed before October 1, 1987, and continuously maintained and serviceable since.

The bill further expands the activities eligible for a certificate of permission by allowing the DEP commissioner to issue a certificate of permission for activities completed before January 1, 1995 without the necessary permit, certificate, or authorization, provided the applicant demonstrates that the activity complies with all applicable standards and criteria. Current law applies only to activities completed before January 1, 1980, and requires the applicant to demonstrate that the activity does not (1) interfere with navigation, littoral, or riparian rights and (2) adversely affect coastal resources (10) (see BACKGROUND).

Under current law, the commissioner may permit maintenance to the unauthorized activities; the bill allows the commissioner to permit minor alterations to them as well (10).


The bill permits electronic transmittal of (1) wetlands regulated activity permits from the DEP commissioner to the town's chief administrative officer, (2) notice of hearing for the permits, (3) notice of application for dredging permits, and (4) notice of the commissioner's decision regarding the dredging permit ( 3 and 8). It eliminates the requirement that the hearing held by the DEP commissioner occur between 30 and 60 days after the receipt of a wetlands activity permit application (3).


The DEP commissioner may issue a group fishing license to any tax-exempt organization for the purpose of conducting a group fishing event for individuals:

1. with a service-related or other disability who receive services at a U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System facility;

2. who receives mental health or addiction services from the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services (DMHAS), DMHAS programs or facilities, or psychiatric hospitals operated at least in part by DMHAS;

3. with autism or mental retardation who receive services from the Department of Developmental Services (DDS) or a facility licensed by DDS; or

4. receiving care from the Department of Children and Families (DCF), DCF receiving homes, or certain DCF-licensed child care facilities or programs.

Tax-exempt groups seeking a permit must apply annually, on a form prescribed by the commissioner.

Tax-exempt groups receiving a license may hold up to 50 events per year, including inland and marine water events. Each event is limited to 50 people. The events must be supervised by organization staff or volunteers, who must possess the license at the event site. Each staff member or volunteer must have a fishing license. The groups may not charge a fee to participate and the events may not be used as a fundraiser.

Within 10 days of a group fishing event, the group must, on forms provided by the commissioner, report the number of (1) participants, (2) hours fished, (3) each species caught, and (4) each species not released.


Routine Maintenance

Under current law, a person must obtain permission from the commissioner or municipal inland wetlands commission to conduct certain activities, such as removing or depositing material, in a wetlands or watercourse.

Emergency Authorizations

Emergency authorizations may be issued if the DEP commissioner finds they are necessary to deal with imminent threats to human health or the environment and are limited by any conditions the commissioner deems necessary. Emergency authorizations under the coastal structures and dredging program have a specific expiration after which a regular permit application must be filed.

Regulated Activity

By law, regulated activities are any operations within or use of a wetland or watercourse involving (1) removal or deposition of wetland or watercourse material or (2) obstruction, construction, alteration, or pollution of the wetland or watercourse (CGS 22a-38). But regulated activities do not include “as of right” operations and uses (CGS 22a-40). These include:

1. certain agricultural uses;

2. uses incidental to the enjoyment and maintenance of residential property, such as landscaping that does not remove or deposit significant amounts of material from or into the wetland or watercourse or divert or alter a watercourse; and

3. the construction of a residential home under very limited circumstances.

No Discharge Zone

In July 2007, the governor declared all state waters in Long Island Sound to be a “No Discharge Area,” making it illegal for boaters to discharge sewage from vessels anywhere on the Connecticut coastline. The state received the No Discharge Area designation from EPA after demonstrating that sufficient pump-out facilities were available to boaters. Connecticut became the third state (after Rhode Island and New Hampshire) to designate its entire coastline a No Discharge Area.


The littoral zone extends from the high water mark to shoreline areas that are permanently submerged.


Environment Committee

Joint Favorable Substitute






Planning and Development Committee

Joint Favorable






Finance, Revenue and Bonding Committee

Joint Favorable