OLR Bill Analysis

sHB 5314 (as amended by House "A")*

AN ACT BANNING CADMIUM IN CHILDREN'S JEWELRY.

SUMMARY:

Beginning July 1, 2014, this bill prohibits children's jewelry containing cadmium or its compounds or alloys of more than . 0075% by weight from being sold, offered for sale, or distributed in Connecticut.

The bill also delays, from July 1, 2011 through September 30, 2014, the prohibition in current law on manufacturing, selling, offering for sale, or distributing baby bottles, cans, and baby food containers containing bisphenol-A (BPA). However, during that interim period these baby products can only contain BPA that does not come into contact with formula or food. Beginning October 1, 2014, the prohibition becomes absolute.

It retains the exception in current law allowing retailers and distributors to sell or distribute these products from inventories bought before October 1, 2011. The exception expires October 1, 2012. After that date, sellers and distributors are subject to the limitations described above.

The Department of Consumer Protection has enforcement authority over bans of both materials, within existing appropriations.

*House Amendment “A” (1) delays the date of the cadmium ban and increases, from . 004% to . 0075%, the weight of cadmium that is permitted in children's jewelry and (2) adds the BPA provisions.

EFFECTIVE DATE: October 1, 2012 for the cadmium provisions and October 1, 2011 for the BPA provisions

DEFINITIONS

Children's jewelry means jewelry designed or intended to be worn or used by children under age 13. Jewelry includes charms, bracelets, pendants, necklaces, earrings, or rings, and any component of these.

Infant formula means a commercially available milk- or soy-based powder, concentrated liquid or ready-to-feed substitute for human breast milk, intended for human consumption. Baby food means a commercially available prepared soft food consisting of a soft paste or an easily chewed food intended for children age two or younger.

BACKGROUND

Cadmium

Most cadmium in the United States is extracted during the production of other metals like zinc, lead, and copper. Cadmium does not corrode easily and is used in such products as batteries, pigments, metal coatings, and plastic.

The U. S. Department of Health and Human Services has determined that cadmium and cadmium compounds are human carcinogens. A few studies in animals indicate that the young absorb more cadmium than adults. Animal studies also indicate that the young are more susceptible than adults to a loss of bone and decreased bone strength from exposure to cadmium.

Bisphenol-A

BPA is an industrial chemical used to make hard, clear plastic known as polycarbonate, which is used in many consumer products, including reusable baby bottles and on the inside of metal-based food and beverage cans. . Animal studies have found it to have reproductive and developmental toxicity.

COMMITTEE ACTION

Select Committee on Children

Joint Favorable Substitute Change of Reference

Yea

10

Nay

2

(03/09/2010)

Environment Committee

Joint Favorable Substitute

Yea

30

Nay

0

(03/17/2010)

General Law Committee

Joint Favorable

Yea

16

Nay

1

(04/12/2010)