OLR Bill Analysis

sHB 5314

AN ACT BANNING CADMIUM IN CHILDREN'S JEWELRY.

SUMMARY:

Beginning October 1, 2013, this bill prohibits children's jewelry containing cadmium or its compounds or alloys of more than . 004% by weight from being manufactured, sold, offered for sale, or distributed in Connecticut. The Department of Consumer Protection (DCP) has enforcement powers, within appropriations. The bill does not specify investigative procedures or what penalties the department can impose. But it appears that DCP has the authority to waive of some of the bill's provisions.

Children's jewelry means jewelry (1) designed or intended to be worn or used by children under age 13 and (2) sold or distributed at retail by manufacturers who have made a statement about its intended use. Jewelry includes charms, bracelets, pendants, necklaces, earrings, or rings.

EFFECTIVE DATE: October 1, 2012

BACKGROUND

Cadmium

All soils and rocks contain some cadmium. Most cadmium in the United States is extracted during the production of other metals like zinc, lead, and copper. Cadmium does not corrode easily and is used in such products as batteries, pigments, metal coatings, and plastic.

The U. S. Department of Health and Human Services has determined that cadmium and cadmium compounds are human carcinogens. A few studies in animals indicate that the young absorb more cadmium than adults. Animal studies also indicate that the young are more susceptible than adults to a loss of bone and decreased bone strength from exposure to cadmium.

COMMITTEE ACTION

Select Committee on Children

Joint Favorable Substitute Change of Reference

Yea

10

Nay

2

(03/09/2010)

Environment Committee

Joint Favorable Substitute

Yea

30

Nay

0

(03/17/2010)