Topic:
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS; CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTIONS; CONSTITUTIONAL LAW; LEGISLATION; REAPPORTIONMENT; STATE CONSTITUTIONS;
Location:
CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION;

OLR Research Report


October 16, 2008

 

2008-R-0456 (Revised)

1965 CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION

 

By: Sandra Norman-Eady, Chief Analyst

Kristin Sullivan, Associate Analyst

You asked several questions concerning the 1965 constitutional convention, which we answer individually below.

BACKGROUND

The U.S. Supreme Court held in the 1962 Tennessee apportionment case, Baker v. Carr (369 U.S. 186), that the 14th Amendment of the United States Constitution guaranteeing “equal protection of the laws” applies to state apportionment and that federal courts are open to lawsuits challenging state legislative districts. Until this time, the Court had held that state legislature apportionment cases were political in nature and not subject to judicial review. Baker v. Carr did not specify apportionment guidelines, but it did allow citizens to appeal directly to the courts.

Lawsuits were filed in several states, including Connecticut. In December 1962, West Hartford resident Oliver Butterworth, together with nine others, filed a suit in New Haven federal district court against the state (Butterworth v. Dempsey, 229 F. Supp. 754 (D. Conn. 1964)). They alleged that the makeup of the population-based Senate and the town unit-based House was unconstitutional. In its February 1964 decision the court agreed, holding that the makeup of Connecticut's legislature was unconstitutional and that both chambers must be “reapportioned promptly in such a way as to achieve substantially equal weighting of the votes of all voters.”

In March 1964, the district court issued an injunction prohibiting a legislative election under the existing apportionment scheme, proposed that the legislature reapportion itself, and granted a stay of execution for appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court.

On June 22, 1964, the U.S. Supreme Court heard the appeal, affirmed the district court's decision, and remanded the case for further proceedings, instructing the district court to order relief consistent with the views outlined in Reynolds v. Sims (377 U.S. 533). The Reynolds Court held that once a state's legislative appointment scheme is found unconstitutional, a court must usually take appropriate action to ensure that no further elections are conducted under the invalid plan. It held that “seats in both houses of a bicameral state legislature must be apportioned on a population basis,” and the apportionments must be “based substantially on population.”

On July 29, 1964, the district court entered an order amending its March decision “so as to stay execution of the injunctive provisions thereof provided a special session…would convene the week of August 3, 1964.”

In August 1964, Governor Dempsey convened a special session so that by the court-imposed September deadline the General Assembly could (1) realign itself temporarily and (2) agree on procedures for a constitutional convention. The legislature failed to do either, so the case went back to district court. The court cancelled the upcoming legislative elections, requiring the General Assembly to reconvene for the same purposes (Butterworth v. Dempsey, 237 F. Supp. 302 (D. Conn. 1964)). (It also appointed a special master to realign the legislature if it failed to do so by January 30, 1965.) The governor convened a second special session on November 10, 1964, which resulted in legislation calling for a constitutional convention and prescribing its procedures and methods for selecting delegates (PA 1).

(PA 9 and PA 19, 1965 February Session, subsequently amended Public Act 1, 1964 November Special Session, hereafter referred to as PA 1, 1964 November Special Session.)

1. What process did the legislature go through to convene the convention?

In response to the federal district court's order, the General Assembly established the Joint Committee on Constitutional Conventions to hear proposals on convening a constitutional convention. The committee reported out HB 2004, which the legislature debated in a November special session.

Public Act 1, 1964 November Special Session, was approved on January 5, 1965. The act called for a constitutional convention and prescribed its procedures and method for selecting delegates. (The legislature reapportioned itself on January 18, 1965 for the intervening period.)

In preparation for the convention, the legislature passed Senate Joint Resolution No. 10 during the 1965 regular session establishing an eight-member Constitutional Convention Planning Commission.

2. When was the Committee on Constitutional Conventions established? What was its charge? Who served as committee members? How were the members selected?

The Connecticut General Assembly passed House Joint Resolution No. 1 during the August 1964 Special Session and Senate Joint Resolution No. 2 during the November Special Session establishing the joint 32-member committee (10 Senators and 22 Representatives) to hear bills pertaining to the constitutional convention. Senate and House members were appointed by the leadership of their respective chambers. Members of the minority party were appointed on the nomination of the minority party leaders.

Senator Charles Alfano (D) and Representative Nicholas Eddy (R) chaired the committee. Seven of the 10 Senate members were Democrats, the remaining three were Republicans. Of the 22 Representatives, 14 were Republicans and eight were Democrats.

The committee held public hearings on bills establishing a constitutional convention and establishing the delegate selection process. The committee appears to have dissolved once its work was completed.

3. When was the Constitutional Convention Planning Commission established? What was its charge? Who served as committee members? How were the members selected?

In preparation for the convention, the legislature passed Senate Joint Resolution No. 10 during the 1965 regular session establishing the eight-member Constitutional Convention Planning Commission to:

“…make preparations for the convening and operation of the constitutional convention established under the provisions of substitute for House Bill Number 2006 of the current session, as it determines to be proper and necessary, including, but not limited to, the selection of facilities for meetings, the preparation of a tentative agenda, the preparation of a tentative subcommittee plan, the preparation of a tentative staffing pattern for professional and clerical assistance to the convention and the tentative recruitment of personnel for such purposes.”

The Senate president pro tempore and the speaker of the House both appointed three members and the governor appointed two members. The commission, which was evenly split between Democrats and Republicans, was composed of the following members:

1. H. Meade Alcorn, Jr. (R) former Republican national chairperson;

2. Raymond Baldwin (R), former chief justice;

3. Robert Barnes (D), assistant House minority leader;

4. Ella Grasso (D), secretary of the state;

5. C.H. Scott McAlister (R), chief Republican reapportionment technician during the 1963 special session;

6. Leo Parsky (D), counsel to the 1965 Senate Democrats and chief Democratic realignment technician during the 1963 special session;

7. Katherine Quinn (D), vice chairperson of the Democratic State Central Committee; and

8. George Saden (R), attorney and Republican reapportionment advisor during the 1963 special session.

The commission met weekly during May and June 1965. Sub-committees consisting of one Democrat and one Republican were in charge of (1) research, (2) staff, (3) rules, and (4) the agenda.

Senate Joint Resolution No. 10 authorized the commission to employ staff as necessary. It also required the comptroller to pay the commission's expenses upon certification by the commission.

4. When did the 1965 convention begin and end?

The convention began on July 1, 1965 and ended on October 28, 1965.

5. What was the political composition of the legislature when the convention convened?

At the time of the constitutional convention, the General Assembly had 330 members, the Democrats controlled the Senate, and the Republicans controlled the House. Of the 36 Senate members, 23 (64%) were Democrats and 13 (36%) were Republicans. Of the 294 House members, 111 (38%) were Democrats and 183 (62%) were Republicans.

6. What role, if any, did the governor play in selecting the delegates or setting the rules?

The governor's role in the constitutional convention was minimal. He convened the first special session in August 1964, but the legislature failed to redistrict the Senate, reapportion the House, or pass legislation calling for a constitutional convention. The governor later convened the November 1964 special session, during which time the legislature passed PA 1, 1964 November Special Session.

As stated earlier, the act set procedures for the convention and electing delegates. It did not include any gubernatorial appointees. The planning commission drafted the rules and the convention delegates adopted them during the first meeting.

7. Describe the 1965 delegate selection process.

Public Act 1, 1964 November Special Session, required a special election to be held on June 15, 1965 to elect 84 delegates, 14 from each congressional district. Within each district, not more than seven delegates could be from the same political party.

The act required each major political party to hold a nominating convention in each congressional district to nominate up to seven candidates for the position of convention delegate. It specified that delegates or alternate delegates to each major party's state convention held in June 1964 be delegates to the nominating convention, provided these individuals still held that position and resided in the district. Candidates for delegate could also petition their way onto the ballot by submitting a nominating petition signed by electors residing in the congressional district whose names appeared on the last-completed voter list and equaled at least .5% of the votes cast within that district for U.S. Representative at the last-preceding election.

On March 31, 1965 and April 7, 1965, the Republican and Democratic parties, respectively, held their nominating conventions. Primaries to select Republican and Democratic constitutional convention delegates were held on May 19, 1965 and May 26, 1965, respectively. The election was held on June 15, 1965, as required by PA 1, 1964 November Special Session. According to the Statement of Vote, there were 1,355,090 registered voters in the state on that date. Of these, 69,339 (5.1%) voted to elect convention delegates.

8. Did the legislature debate any alternate delegate selection process or breakdown?

The Joint Committee on Constitutional Conventions considered several delegate selection plans before voting out HB 2004. During a August 18, 1964 public hearing held by the committee, Leo Parskey, counsel for the State Democratic Party, presented that party's proposal. It recommended 36 delegates, six from each congressional district elected on a “bipartisan basis so that…it would be anticipated that there would be 18 Republicans and 18 Democrats....” All delegates were elected. Mr. Parskey testified that the Democrats believed appointments would violate the law. Under the plan, petitioning candidates could challenge party-endorsed candidates. During the convention, a majority of the entire membership, not only a majority of those present, was required for a quorum.

An alternate Republican proposal provided for 70 delegates: 60 elected and 10 appointed by the governor, chief justice, and Senate and House leaders. However, The Hartford Courant cites a 1935 Rhode Island Supreme Court decision as casting doubt on the propriety of appointed delegates, apparently leading to the final delegate selection plan.

John Driscoll, president of the State Labor Council, AFL-CIO, testified at the August public hearing in favor of a proposal that included 102 delegates, with 17 from each congressional district. Within each district, the two major parties would endorse five candidates for delegate. In addition, there would be seven “public delegates” representing the district's industry, labor, education, farming, professional, scientific, and civic interests. The governor would nominate the public delegates with the advice of the Senate president and House speaker. Like the Democratic and Republican proposal, petitioning candidates could challenge either party-endorsed or public delegate candidates.

State Representative Benjamin Scholssbach presented another proposal during the August 1965 public hearing under which each town would have had one delegate to the convention.

9. Were the current Democratic and Republican chairpersons of legislative committees selected as delegates? By whom? What role did they play?

Public Act 1, 1964 November Special Session, prescribed the procedures for electing delegates. It did not include any special consideration for legislative committee chairpersons, though five were elected delegates.

10. What was the party affiliation and occupation of the delegates to the 1965 convention?

Delegates to the constitutional convention had extensive political or public sector experience. Most had served as a member of Congress, state legislator, delegate to a national or state convention, member of the Democratic or Republican National Committee, state or municipal judge, state central or town committee member, state or local board or commission member, or town council member. Several held these posts, particularly local board and committee memberships, during the constitutional convention.

Table 1 lists the 84 delegates, in alphabetical order by surname, the Congressional districts they represented, their party affiliation, and their occupation. Sitting state and local elected officials, including legislators and judges, are bolded. Those who were also a chairperson of a standing legislative committee have an asterisk by their name.

Table 1: 1965 Constitutional Convention Delegates

Name (District)

Party Affiliation

Occupation

Alcorn, H. Meade, Jr. (6th)

Republican

Attorney

Alsop, John (6th)

Republican

President, insurance company

Altobello, Henry (5th)

Democrat

President, quarry company, construction company, and sand an gravel company

Baldrige, Malcolm (6th)

Republican

President, manufacturing company

Baldwin, Raymond (1st)

Republican

Retired, former governor of Connecticut, U.S. senator, and Chief Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court of Errors

Bent, James (1st)

Republican

Chairman and president, Hartford Federal Savings and Loan Association

Bernstein, Simon (1st)

Democrat

Circuit court judge

Biebel, Frederick, Jr. (3rd)

Republican

Executive director, Wine and Spirits Wholesalers of Connecticut

Bigos, Stanley (6th)

Democrat

State representative and insurance company employee

Blair, Edwin (4th)

Republican

Attorney

Bonee, John (1st)

Republican

Attorney

Bordon, Abraham (1st)

Democrat

State referee

Brendice, Nicholas (4th)

Democrat

Printer

Brown, Ralph* (5th)

Republican

State representative and management consultant

Cahill, George (3rd)

Democrat

General chairman, Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen

Casey, James (6th)

Democrat

Mayor of Bristol and merchant

Clark, John (1st)

Democrat

Funeral home owner and operator

Conard, Frederick

Republican

Attorney

Cook, Edith Valet (3rd)

Republican

Director, child welfare association

Cosgrove, Daniel (3rd)

Democrat

Deputy sheriff and president, construction company

Denardis, Lawrence (3rd)

Republican

Professor of political science

Eddy, Nicholas (6th)

Republican

State representative and attorney

Fellows, Douglas (2nd)

Republican

State representative and administrative director, technical institute

Field, Warren (3rd)

Republican

Vice president, insurance company

Finney, Florence (4th)

Republican

State senator and businesswoman

Fitzpatrick, Frank (5th)

Democrat

President, Fitzpatrick Inc.

Foster, Helen Case (6th)

Democrat

Member of Democratic Town and State Central Committees

Frate, Gennaro* (4th)

Republican

State representative and businessman

Garofalo, Ralph (4th)

Democrat

President, manufacturing company

Geelan, James (3rd)

Democrat

Gas station and vending machine operator

Gelormino, Anthony (6th)

Democrat

President, Vet's Explosives Inc. and vice president, insurance agency

Gould, Samuel (1st)

Republican

Attorney

Grasso, Ella (6th)

Democrat

Secretary of the state

Griswold, Mary Brooks (3rd)

Democrat

President, scholarship fund and college counselor

Groobert, Paul (1st)

Democrat

State representative and attorney

Gullbert, Gene (5th)

Republican

Senior vice president and secretary, bank

Gwiazda, Henry (6th)

Democrat

Probate judge

Hannon, George (1st)

Democrat

Metropolitan district commissioner and insurance agent and real estate broker

Hogan, Patrick (4th)

Democrat

Public utilities (retired)

Houston, Howard (5th)

Republican

Former director, the Bradley Home in Meriden

Jordan, William (2nd)

Republican

Operator, insurance and real estate company

Keilty, John (6th)

Democrat

State representative

Kennelly, James (1st)

Democrat

Attorney

Kiely, Joanne (5th)

Republican

Attorney

Kimball, Penn (4th)

Democrat

Professor

Lester, Helen* (6th)

Republican

State representative

Lifshitz, Eli (5th)

Democrat

Engineering change coordinator, Hamilton Standard

Lodge, John (4th)

Republican

Former governor and ambassador to Spain

Lorenzen, Dorothy (4th)

Republican

Member of the Republican State Central Committee and Stamford Republican Town Committee

Lyman, John (2nd)

Republican

President, Lyman Farms, Inc. and Galgowski-Lyman Dairy, Inc.

Maresca, John (3rd)

Republican

Attorney

Marsilius, Newman (5th)

Republican

President, Producto Machine Company

Massicotte, Joseph (4th)

Democrat

Secretary and treasurer, Dual-Lite Company, Inc.

May, Edwin (1st)

Republican

President, insurance company

Mazza, Anthony (4th)

Democrat

President, plumbing and heating company

McCabe, Eugene (3rd)

Democrat

Deputy sheriff

McCollam Jr., Charles (5th)

Democrat

State representative and treasurer, insurance and real estate company

McLaughlin Jr., Hugh (2nd)

Democrat

Teacher, elementary school

Meskill, Thomas (6th)

Republican

Attorney

Minetto, John (6th)

Republican

Retired, former state senator and representative

O'Sullivan, Patrick (3rd)

Democrat

Retired, former legislator, member of Congress, and judge

Padula, Louis (4th)

Republican

State representative and manufacturer, orthopedic appliances

Patterson, J. Tyler (2nd)

Republican

State representative and attorney

Rader, Martin (5th)

Republican

Attorney

Redick, Frances Burke (1st)

Republican

Former state representative

Ryan, Arline* (3rd)

Republican

State representative

Satti, C. John (2nd)

Democrat

Doctor

Seely-Brown, Horace (2nd)

Republican

Owner and operator, Seely-Brown Orchards

Sidella, William (5th)

Democrat

Self-employed businessman

Snow, C. Wilbert (2nd)

Democrat

Professor emeritus of English

Stokesbury Jr., Charles (3rd)

Republican

Metallurgist and engineer

Sullivan, David (4th)

Republican

Attorney

Sullivan, Vincent (2nd)

Democrat

Probate Judge

Swift, Henry (5th)

Democrat

Personnel supervisor, telephone company

Tarpinian, Charles (2nd)

Democrat

Attorney

Tedesco, Evelyn (4th)

Democrat

Former legislative aide in the Legislative Commissioners' Office

Thatcher, Raymond (2nd)

Democrat

State comptroller

Tonucci, Otto (5th)

Democrat

Owner and manager, restaurant

Traver, Harold (5th)

Democrat

Operator, grocery store

Watrous, Claude* (2nd)

Republican

State representative and owner, manufacturing firm

Waugh, Albert (2nd)

Republican

Professor of economics

Woodard, Jane (5th)

Republican

Real estate broker

Woodhouse, Chase Going (2nd)

Democrat

Director, Service Bureau for Women's Organizations

Wright, George (3rd)

Democrat

State representative and contractor

11. Was the constitutional convention 50% Democrats and 50% Republicans? Why or why not? Who decided the split?

The convention was split evenly between Democrats and Republicans, with 42 delegates from each party. The legislature influenced the convention's party composition by passing PA 1, 1964 November Special Session, which mandated that 14 delegates be elected from each of the six Congressional districts and specified that within each district, no more than seven delegates could represent one political party. However,

the act did not specify that the composition be split evenly between Democrats and Republicans. Because the act authorized candidates to petition onto the ballot, it did not exclude minor party or unaffiliated candidates from becoming delegates.

12. How was the chairman for the 1965 convention selected?

According to a July 1, 1965 Hartford Courant article, the Constitutional Convention Planning Commission, together with Democratic and Republican party leaders, determined whether there would be co-chairmen or a Republican chairman and Democratic vice-chairman. They decided on a chairman and vice-chairman and selected Raymond Baldwin (R) and Patrick O'Sullivan (D), respectively. The article also indicates that the commission worked out an agreement between Democrats and Republicans whereby Chairman Baldwin and Vice-Chairman O'Sullivan would preside over the convention on alternate session days.

Public Act 1, 1964 November Special Session, required the convention to adopt rules during its first meeting by majority vote. (It specified that for all other convention or committee votes, two-thirds of the convention or committee membership, whichever was applicable, constituted a quorum.) Thus, during the first meeting (1) the convention chairman appointed a temporary Committee on Rules consisting of three members and (2) the committee presented to the convention the proposed rules, which the Constitutional Convention Planning Commission had drafted prior to the convention's start.

13. How did the convention decide its rules? How did it decide the necessary vote? Were alternatives debated?

Public Act 1, 1964 November Special Session, required the convention to adopt rules during its first meeting by majority vote. It also specified

that for all other convention or committee votes, two-thirds of the convention or committee membership, whichever was applicable, constituted a quorum.

During the first meeting (1) the chairman appointed a temporary Committee on Rules consisting of three members and (2) the committee presented to the convention the proposed rules, which the Constitutional Convention Planning Commission had drafted prior to the convention's start.

Before passing the rules, the delegates debated four Convention Amendments that would have required only a simple majority vote, not two-thirds of the membership, to pass procedural motions or resolutions. None of the amendments passed.

14. Does current law specify a delegate selection process or political party composition requirement for a constitutional convention?

No. The Connecticut Constitution requires the General Assembly, by two-thirds vote in each chamber, to prescribe by law the manner for selecting convention delegates and the dates for convening and adjourning the convention (Ct. Const. Art. XIII, 3). (The legislature must convene the convention within one year of the affirmative vote calling for it.)

See the responses to Questions 5 through 8 for the 1965 delegate selection process and party composition.

15. Can a constitutional convention recommend separate amendments or can it combine all proposed changes into one revision for the public's vote?

Under the Connecticut Constitution, proposals to amend or revise the constitution may be in the form of separate amendments or one revision. Any proposed amendment or revision must be submitted to all electors of the state no later than two months after the convention adjourns. If a majority of the electors voting approve the amendment or revision, it becomes a part of the constitution and takes effect in 30 days, unless otherwise provided in the proposal (Ct. Const. Art. XIII, 4).

16. What percentage of the state electors voted on the proposed revision to the state constitution resulting from the 1965 constitutional convention?

The referendum on the proposed revision was held on December 14, 1965. On that date, there were 1,333,720 registered voters in the state, according to the Statement of Vote. Of these, 269,189 (19.7%) voted on the proposal with roughly two-thirds voting in favor of it.

17. What were the proposed amendments considered during the 1965 constitutional convention?

Convention delegates proposed 271 resolutions during the convention; 23 proposed procedures for conducting the convention while the other 248 proposed changes to the underlying state constitution of 1818.

The convention preliminarily approved 25 resolutions proposing changes to the constitution. Resolutions on related topics were blended and given a new resolution number. For example, resolutions 20, 90, and 143 on the Judicial Department, judges, and the state Supreme Court were blended in Constitutional Resolution 266, Resolution Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution Revising Article Fifth concerning the Judicial Department. At the end of this process, there were 12 resolutions.

These 12 resolutions were then edited and arranged so that they could, if adopted by state electors, be merged into and become integrated with existing provisions of the constitution.

In Table 2, we briefly describe the 272 proposals, which are listed by number. The 25 proposals given preliminary approval are bolded.

Table 2: 1965 Constitutional Convention Proposed Amendments

Resolution Number

Name

Description

Resolution No. 1

Resolution Proposing A Revision to the Constitution of the State of Connecticut Concerning Article Tenth

Government Administration: general provisions

Resolution No. 2

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 3

Resolution Proposing A Revision to the Constitution of the State of Connecticut on Article Fourth on the Executive Department

Executive Department: powers and duties

Resolution No. 4

Resolution Proposing A Revision to the Constitution of the State of Connecticut on Article Fourth on the Executive Department

Executive Department: powers and duties

Resolution No. 5

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Provision for a Constitutional Convention

Constitutional convention: establish provisions

Resolution No. 6

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Regular Short Sessions of the General Assembly in Even-Numbered Years, Limited to Budgetary Matters

General Assembly: limit short sessions to budgetary matters

Resolution No. 7

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Moneys Derived from Fees, Excises or License Taxes Relating to Registration, Operation or Use of Motor Vehicles on Public Highways

Motor Vehicles: taxes and fees

Resolution No. 8

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Admission of Electors

Electors: admission of

Resolution No. 9

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Terms of Members of the Senate

General Assembly: Senate terms

Resolution No. 10

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Composition of Senatorial Districts

Redistricting: establish a procedure for periodic Senate redistricting

Resolution No. 11

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Composition and the Apportionment of Membership of the House of Representatives

Reapportionment: allow the legislature and electors to determine House membership

Resolution No. 12

Resolution Amending the Constitution Concerning Staggered Six-Year Terms for Members of the Senate

General Assembly: establish six-year, staggered Senate terms

Resolution No. 13

Resolution Amending the Constitution Concerning a Staff for Members of the General Assembly

General Assembly: provide clerical and research staff for legislators

Resolution No. 14

Resolution Amending the Constitution Concerning the Selection of Committee Chairmen on the Basis of Seniority

General Assembly: select committee chairpeople based on seniority

Resolution No. 15

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Religion

Religion: remove obsolete religious provisions and those that give preferential protection to Christian sects

Resolution No. 16

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Court System and Changing the Name of the Supreme Court of Errors

Supreme Court: rename

Resolution No. 17

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning a Reconvention of the General Assembly for the Purpose of Reconsidering and Repassing Bills which the Governor has Vetoed

Veto: establish veto session

Resolution No. 18

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Town Elections

Municipal elections: uniform date and removal of the requirement that towns elect selectmen

Resolution No. 19

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Town Elections

Municipal elections: require biennial elections and eliminate election of selectmen

Resolution No. 20

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Revising Article Fifth Concerning the Judicial Department

Judicial Department: establish

Resolution No. 21

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Appointment of Judges of Probate

Judges of Probate: allow for appointment of

Resolution No. 22

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Initiation of Legislation by the Electorate

Elections: allow for direct initiative

Resolution No. 23

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Office of Sheriff

Sheriff: create office of

Resolution No. 24

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Composition of Senatorial District

Redistricting; require periodic Senate

Resolution No. 25

Resolution Concerning Composition of the House of Representatives

Reapportionment: require one representative form each town in the House

Resolution No. 26

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Terms for Senators and the Election for Members of the General Assembly

General Assembly: Senate terms (four years), General Assembly elections (odd-numbered years)

Resolution No. 27

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Composition of the House of Representatives

Reapportionment: require each town represented in the House

Resolution No. 28

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Municipal Home Rule

Home rule: establish

Resolution No. 29

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Manner of Exercising the Privileges of Free Suffrage

Elections: establish a simple, convenient process

Resolution No. 30

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Manner of Exercising the Privileges of Free Suffrage

Elections: establish a simple, convenient process

Resolution No. 31

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the University of Connecticut

University of Connecticut: charter confirmation

Resolution No. 32

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the University of Connecticut

University of Connecticut: charter confirmation

Resolution No. 33

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Religion

Religion: place non-Christian religions on an equal basis with Christian religions

Resolution No. 34

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the University of Connecticut

University of Connecticut: charter confirmation

Resolution No. 35

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Mandatory Retirement of Judicial Officers

Judges: specify reason for mandatory retirement

Resolution No. 36

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Religious Bodies

Religion: give non-Christian religious bodies the same status given to Christian religious bodies

Resolution No. 37

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Temporary Succession to Public Office in Time of Enemy Attack

Government Administration: provide for continuity in the event of an enemy attack

Resolution No. 38

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Annual Sessions for the General Assembly

General Assembly: annual, unrestricted sessions

Resolution No. 39

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Legislative Department

General Assembly: Senate redistricting, House apportionment, qualifications of Senators and Representatives, and powers and duties of both chambers

Resolution No. 40

Resolution Proposing An Establishment of an Amending Process

General Assembly: permit amendments to start in either chamber

Resolution No. 41

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the School Fund

Education: guarantee state support for junior and community colleges, the state colleges, and the University

Resolution No. 42

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Prohibition of Double Jeopardy

Courts: prohibit double jeopardy

Resolution No. 43

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning an Optional Party Lever on Voting Machines

Elections: enabled voters to vote for individual candidates, not just a party-straight ticket lever

Resolution No. 44

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Bargaining Rights

Collective bargaining: guarantee for private employees

Resolution No. 45

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Changing the Form of the Governor's Veto to Allow Recommendations for the Amendment of a Vetoed Bill

Veto: establish a procedure to eliminate the necessity of the governor's veto power

Resolution No. 46

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Establishment of a Procedure for Gubernatorial Veto

Veto: strengthen governor's power

Resolution No. 47

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Eliminating Election of all Executive Officers Except Governor and Lieutenant Governor

Constitutional Officers: eliminate requirement for the election of executive officers and thereby strengthen gubernatorial powers

Resolution No. 48

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Retaining by the People of Inherent Rights not Delegated to the State nor Specifically Set Forth in this Constitution

Constitutional Amendment: expand the bill of rights to include inherent rights

Resolution No. 49

Resolution Concerning the Elimination of Obsolete Constitutional Provision that Prevented Municipalities from Investing in or Extending Credit to Railroads

Municipalities: allow for financial support of railroads

Resolution No. 50

Resolution Concerning the Composition of Bills Making Appropriations

General Assembly: require appropriation legislation to be separate from general legislation

Resolution No. 51

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Barring of Discrimination or Denial of Rights by Reason of Race, Religion, Color, Ancestry, or National Origin

Discrimination: bar by clear, affirmative constitutional declaration

Resolution No. 52

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Treatment of Persons in the Custody of State Authorities

Corrections: guarantee humane treatment of citizens while in custody of the police or a state penal institution

Resolution No. 53

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Prohibiting Unreasonable Interception of Telephone, Telegraph or Other Means of Communications

Right to privacy: protection of

Resolution No. 54

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Deletion from the Constitution of a Stated Time for Adjournment of the General Assembly

General Assembly: remove sessions' constitutional time limit

Resolution No. 55

Resolution Concerning the Delegation of Legislative Power

General Assembly: limitations on the delegation of powers

Resolution No. 56

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Right of Persons to Fair and Just Treatment During Legislative and Executive Investigations

Government Administration: safeguard against abuse during investigations

Resolution No. 57

Resolution Concerning an Amendment to the Constitution to Create the Office of Commissioner of the Arts

Arts Commission: establish office of

Resolution No. 58

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Revocation or Suspension of Rights or Privileges

Judicial Department: power to revoke or suspend enacted rights or privileges

Resolution No. 59

Resolution Concerning Referendum on Legislative Acts Pursuant to Petition

Elections: referenda

Resolution No. 60

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Appointment of Counsel by the Court in Felony Prosecutions

Judicial Department: guarantee right to public defender services

Resolution No. 61

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Annual Sessions of the General Assembly

General Assembly: provide for annual sessions without limitation on length or subject matter

Resolution No. 62

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 63

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 64

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 65

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 66

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 67

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 68

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 69

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 70

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Providing for a Unicameral Legislature

General Assembly: establish unicameral

Resolution No. 71

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Legislative Department

General Assembly: establish unicameral

Resolution No. 72

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Providing for a Unicameral Legislature

General Assembly: establish unicameral

Resolution No. 73

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Reapportionment of the House of Representatives

Redistricting: restrict increases and decreases in Assembly district as a result of redistricting

Resolution No. 74

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Composition and Periodic Redistricting of the General Assembly

Redistricting: provide for the composition and periodic redistricting of the General Assembly

Resolution No. 75

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Adjournment Date of General Assembly

Veto: allow General Assembly to extend session to consider vetoed bills

Resolution No. 76

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Providing for a Unicameral Legislature

General Assembly: establish unicameral

Resolution No. 77

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Annual Sessions of the General Assembly

General Assembly: provide for annual sessions

Resolution No. 78

Resolution Permitting Apportionment of the House of Representatives on a Basis Other than Population in the Event that Same Shall be Allowed by Federal Law

Reapportionment: return to traditional system if permitted under federal law

Resolution No. 79

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Permanent Procedure for Redistricting the General Assembly

Redistricting: create redistricting commissions to conduct permanent decennial redistricting of the General Assembly

Resolution No. 80

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Annual Sessions of the General Assembly

General Assembly: provide for annual sessions

Resolution No. 81

Resolution Concerning the Composition of the Senate and House of Representatives

Reapportionment: provide for automatic reapportionment after each federal census

Resolution No. 82

Resolution Concerning and Amendment to the Constitution Providing for a Unicameral Legislature

General Assembly: establish unicameral

Resolution No. 83

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Manner in Which the Members of the General Assembly are Elected

Reapportionment: General Assembly elections, effectuate one man one vote “doctrine"

Resolution No. 84

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Terms of Municipal Clerks

Municipal employees: municipal clerks, terms

Resolution No. 85

Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution to Delete Therefrom a Provision Concerning the Comptroller

Constitutional Officers: eliminate description of comptroller's duties

Resolution No. 86

Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Succession to the Office of Governor

Constitutional Officers: clarify succession to the Office of Governor

Resolution No. 87

Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Designation and Election of Constitutional Officers of the State

Constitutional Officers: limit constitutional provisions for the election of statewide officers to governor, lieutenant governor, and secretary of the state

Resolution No. 88

Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Changing the Name of the Supreme Court of Errors

Supreme Court: rename

Resolution No. 89

Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Right to Peaceably Assemble

Right to Assemble: guarantee right to peaceably

Resolution No. 90

Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Mandatory Retirement of Judges

Judges: mandatory retirement of

Resolution No. 91

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Right to Petition for Redress of Grievances

Grievances: right to petition for

Resolution No. 92

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Capital Punishment

Death penalty: proposal to abolish

Resolution No. 93

Resolution Eliminating Reference to Christians Only in Article First of the Constitution of Connecticut

Religion: remove reference to Christians in Article First

Resolution No. 94

Resolution Proposing an Amendment Concerning Right to Trial by Jury

Courts: limit rights to jury trials in criminal and motor vehicle cases

Resolution No. 95

Resolution Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Jury Trial

Courts: help courts quickly dispose of negligence and nuisance trials and claims

Resolution No. 96

Resolution Concerning the Delegation of Legislative Power

General Assembly: require referendum to delegate legislative power

Resolution No. 97

Resolution Concerning Legislative Procedure

General Assembly: decorum and votes necessary to pass bills

Resolution No. 98

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Number of Jurors

Jurors: number in civil and criminal matters

Resolution No. 99

Resolution Prohibiting Compulsory Medication for any Noncontagious Disease

Health: limit compulsory medication

Resolution No. 100

Resolution Prohibiting Use of Any Public Water Supply as a Vehicle for Mass-Medication

Health: protect public waters from medical contamination

Resolution No. 101

Resolution to Ban Fluoridation of Public Water Supplies

Health: prevent fluoridation of public waters

Resolution No. 102

Resolution Proposing an Amendment Concerning the Elimination of Yale College from the Constitution

Education: removes references to Yale College

Resolution No. 103

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Constitutional Conventions

Constitutional Conventions: system for calling

Resolution No. 104

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Local Elections

Municipal Elections: uniform date for

Resolution No. 105

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to Article Eleventh of the Amendments to the Constitution Concerning the Age Requirement of Persons to be Admitted as Electors

Electors: reduce voting age from 21 to 18

Resolution No. 106

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Municipal Investments

Municipalities: remove restrictions on municipal investment powers

Resolution No. 107

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Removal of an Unnecessary Reference to Corporations in the Constitution

Corporations: clean up language concerning

Resolution No. 108

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Changing Town Elections

Municipalities: give more discretion to set terms for municipal officers

Resolution No. 109

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Public Education

Education: create right to free public education consistent with Bill of Rights

Resolution No. 110

Resolution Concerning the Right to Operate a Motor Vehicle

Motor Vehicles: provide operation as a right not a privilege

Resolution No. 111

Resolution Concerning Tax Exemptions for Property of Religious Institutions

Property Taxes: insure the free exercise of all religions against atheism

Resolution No. 112

Resolution Concerning Equal Protection of Laws and Enjoyment of Civil and Political Rights

Discrimination: equal protection

Resolution No. 113

Resolution Concerning the Probate Courts

Probate Courts

Resolution No. 114

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Conflicts of Interests

Ethics: preserve the integrity of state elected officials

Resolution No. 115

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Article Eleventh of the Amendments of the Constitution Changing the Language Requirements of the Persons to be Admitted as Electors

Electors: qualifications of

Resolution No. 116

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Education

Education: free to public through grade 14

Resolution No. 117

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Reconsideration by the General Assembly of Vetoed Bills

Veto: establish veto session

Resolution No. 118

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Secret Ballot

Elections: secret balloting

Resolution No. 119

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Article Eleventh of the Amendments of the Constitution Concerning the Residency Requirement of Persons to be Admitted as Electors

Electors: reduce the residency requirements

Resolution No. 120

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the University of Connecticut

University of Connecticut: charter confirmation

Resolution No. 121

Resolution Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Trustees of the University of Connecticut

University of Connecticut: establish board of trustees as constitutional body

Resolution No. 122

Resolution Concerning Article Tenth of the Constitution of the State of Connecticut

Municipal Officials: allow towns to set four-year term of office for selectmen

Resolution No. 123

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution to Delete Therefrom Provisions Concerning County Sheriffs

Sheriff, Office of

Resolution No. 124

Resolution Concerning the Method of Amendment of the Constitution

Constitutional Amendments: procedure for amending

Resolution No. 125

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Appointment of Executive Officers

Executive Branch Officers: give governor the unencumbered power to appoint and remove

Resolution No. 126

Resolution to Eliminate Simultaneous Dual Bail Requirements

Bail: remove dual requirements

Resolution No. 127

Resolution Proposing an Amendment to Article X, Sec. 3 of the Constitution Concerning Railroads

Municipalities: allow them to support railroads that are beneficial to their communities

Resolution No. 128

Resolution Amending Article One, Section Four and Article Seven, Sections One and Two

Religion: make section on religion applicable to all religious sects or denominations

Resolution No. 129

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Elimination of the Election of Judges of Probate

Judges of Probate: eliminate election

Resolution No. 130

Resolution Eliminating Reference to Christians Only in Article Seventh of the Constitution of Connecticut

Religion: remove reference to Christians in Article Seventh

Resolution No. 131

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Vesting the Responsibility for the Governance of the University of Connecticut in a Board of Trustees

University of Connecticut: board of trustees

Resolution No. 132

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Number of Superior Court Judges

Judges: number of superior court judges

Resolution No. 133

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Local Elections

Municipal Elections: uniform date of elections

Resolution No. 134

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Right of Collective Bargaining

Collective bargaining: right to

Resolution No. 135

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution to Delete Therefrom a Provision Concerning the Treasurer

Constitutional officers: elimination of treasurer as

Resolution No. 136

Resolution: Direct Primary

Elections: direct primary

Resolution No. 137

Resolution Concerning Collective Bargaining

Collective bargaining: guarantee for state employees

Resolution No. 138

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to Article First, Section 4 of the Constitution and Article Seventh, Sections 1 and 2

Religion and Electors: amend

Resolution No. 139

Resolution Concerning the Method of Amendment of the Constitution

Constitutional Amendments: procedure for amending

Resolution No. 140

Resolution Permitting the Admission of Electors at the Age of Eighteen Years

Electors: reduce the voting age from 21 to 18

Resolution No. 141

Resolution Eliminating Constitutional Reference to Minor Courts no Longer in Existence and Making Provision in the Constitution for the Circuit Courts

Courts: replace obsolete references

Resolution No. 142

Resolution Concerning Procedures of Amendment and Revision of the Constitution

Constitutional Amendments: procedure for amending

Resolution No. 143

Resolution Changing the Name of the Supreme Court of Errors

Supreme Court: rename "Supreme Court of Errors" the "Supreme Court"

Resolution No. 144

Resolution Proposing An Amendment Concerning the Merger of Towns and Cities

Municipalities: boundaries

Resolution No. 145

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Amending of the Constitution by an Initiative

Elections: direct initiative

Resolution No. 146

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Organization of Administrative Offices and Agencies of the State Government

Governor: power to organize state administrative offices

Resolution No. 147

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Designation and Election of Constitutional Officers of the State

Constitutional Officers: limit constitutional provisions for election of statewide officers to governor and lieutenant governor

Resolution No. 148

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Succession to the Office of Governor and Lieutenant Governor

Succession: make a distinction between exercise of power in the event of a vacancy and succession

Resolution No. 149

Resolution to Provide for the Right of Counsel Before Grand Jury Proceedings

Counsel: right to before grand jury

Resolution No. 150

Resolution to Allow Local Voting Districts Lines to Cross and/or Overlap State Senate or Assembly District Lines

Redistricting: allow town to set district boundaries irrespective of legislative districts

Resolution No. 151

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Freedom of Religion

Religion: amend religious freedom

Resolution No. 152

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Voting

Elections: eliminate requirement for party lever while voting

Resolution No. 153

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Education

Education: eliminate references to Yale College and School Fund from the Constitution

Resolution No. 154

Resolution Permitting Initiative and Referendum

Elections: establishing initiative and referendum

Resolution No. 155

Resolution to Eliminate Jurisdiction of Justices of the Peace in Civil and Criminal Cases and Make Further Corrections of Article Fifth

Justices of the Peace: jurisdictions

Resolution No. 156

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Organization of Local Government

Municipalities: organization

Resolution No. 157

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 158

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 159

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 160

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 161

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 162

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 163

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 164

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 165

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Libraries

Public Libraries: encourage support for free public, scientific, and school libraries

Resolution No. 166

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Providing for Continuance of the Government of the State in Time of Enemy Attack

Government Administration: provide for continuity in the event of an enemy attack

Resolution No. 167

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Provision for Each Municipality to Adopt or Amend its Charter

Municipalities: charter adoption

Resolution No. 168

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Declaration of Rights

Declaration of Rights: amend to include recommendations of the Committee on State Government Organization

Resolution No. 169

Resolution to Eliminate Preference of Christian Religion

Religion: remove religious preference for Christians

Resolution No. 170

Resolution Concerning the Qualifications of Electors at State and Local Elections

Electors: qualifications of

Resolution No. 171

Resolution Concerning the Validation of Notices

General Assembly: treat notices in the same manner as claims against the state

Resolution No. 172

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Optional Party Lever on Voting Machines

Elections: voting machines

Resolution No. 173

Resolution Concerning Home Rule

Home rule: establish

Resolution No. 174

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Providing for Removing Qualifications of Electors from the Constitution

Electors: authorize the General Assembly to prescribe qualifications

Resolution No. 175

Resolution Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Requirement of a 2/3 Vote of General Assembly to Override Governor's Veto

Veto: strengthen the governor's veto power

Resolution No. 176

Resolution Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Justices of the Peace

Justices of the Peace

Resolution No. 177

Resolution Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Modernization of the Judicial System

Judicial System: modernization

Resolution No. 178

Resolution to Confirm the Charter of the University of Connecticut

University of Connecticut: charter confirmation

Resolution No. 179

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Granting Municipalities the Power to Establish Their Organic Law by the Drafting, Adoption or Amendment of a Charter

Municipalities: charter adoption

Resolution No. 180

Resolution to Establish a Land and Water Conservational and Recreational Fund and Restrict Expenditures of Funds Eligible for Statutory Refund to Said Purposes Only

Government Administration: establish an environmental fund

Resolution No. 181

Resolution Concerning the Mandatory Retirement of Judges

Judges: mandatory retirement

Resolution No. 182

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Special Legislation, and Home Rule

Home Rule: establish

Resolution No. 183

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Limiting the Power of the State or its Subdivisions to Levy Taxes on Real Estate Alone, Excluding and Improvements Thereon

Taxes: real estate

Resolution No. 184

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Unemployment Compensation Commissioners and Workmen's Compensation Commissioners

Government Administration: status of unemployment and workmen's compensation commissioners

Resolution No. 185

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Political Activity

Elections: limit political activities to citizens or legal residents of a political subdivision

Resolution No. 186

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Replacement of the Voting Machine

Elections: voting machines

Resolution No. 187

Resolution to Permit the Initiation of Constitutional Amendment in Either House of the General Assembly

General Assembly: permit initiation of amendments in either chamber

Resolution No. 188

Resolution Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution Repealing Provisions Concerning Election of Probate Judges

Probate Judges: election

Resolution No. 189

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Initiative and Referendum

Constitutional Amendments: allow for initiative and referendum

Resolution No. 190

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Length of Terms of Local Officials

Municipal Officials: allow towns to set terms for mayor and selectmen

Resolution No. 191

Resolution Concerning Retirement from Civil Service

Government Administration: provide for a retirement system for civil servants

Resolution No. 192

Resolution Proposing Tax Exemption to Certain Types of Properties

Property Taxes: preserve exemptions for certain properties

Resolution No. 193

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Constitutional Provision for Initiative, Referendum and Recall

Constitutional Amendments: allow for initiative, referendum and recall

Resolution No. 194

Resolution Concerning Continuation of Use of Marker Plates

Marker Plates: provide for use of

Resolution No. 195

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Treatment of Disease and Non-Disease

Health: allow government to order treatment only on physician's recommendation

Resolution No. 196

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Advisory Capacity of State Boards and Councils

State Government: make all state boards and councils advisory

Resolution No. 197

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Composition of the Judiciary Committee of the General Assembly

General Assembly: limit the number of attorneys on the Judiciary Committee

Resolution No. 198

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Home Rule

Home Rule: establish

Resolution No. 199

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Holding of Constitutional Conventions

Constitutional Conventions

Resolution No. 200

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Voting Rights

Electors: voting rights

Resolution No. 201

Resolution Amending Article Third, Section 5 of the Constitution

Redistricting: keep Senate districts within the congressional districts

Resolution No. 202

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Elections, Article Fourth, Section 1, to Provide for the Election of the Governor and Lieutenant Governor Only

Elections: limit use of party lever to governor and lieutenant governor only

Resolution No. 203

Resolution Concerning Medical Prescriptions

Health: prescriptions to protect personal liberties

Resolution No. 204

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Deputy Registrars of Voters

Election Officials: require towns to employ at least one full-time deputy registrar

Resolution No. 205

Resolution Proposing An Addition to the Constitution Concerning Intergovernmental Relations

Government Administration: stress and permit intergovernmental cooperation

Resolution No. 206

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Tax Exemptions for Senior Citizens

Property Taxes: exemptions for seniors

Resolution No. 207

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Non-Substantive Revision and Recodification of the Constitution Periodically

Constitutional Amendments: schedule for incorporating new one

Resolution No. 208

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Establishment of a Commission to Reapportion the General Assembly Periodically

Reapportionment: establish a commission to periodically redistrict and reapportion the General Assembly

Resolution No. 209

Resolution Concerning the Powers of State Boards, Councils and Commissions

State Government: promote an efficient government, responsive to the people

Resolution No. 210

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Referendum

Elections: amendment on referenda

Resolution No. 211

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Respecting the Method of Filling a Vacancy in the Office of the Governor, Particularly in Cases of Inability of Governor to Serve

Vacancies: governor's office

Resolution No. 212

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Power of Municipalities to Grant Property Tax Exemptions to Certain Persons

Property Taxes: exemptions for seniors

Resolution No. 213

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Civil Service Appointments and Promotions

Government Administration: establish standards for appointing, promoting, and paying civil servants and giving them credit for military service

Resolution No. 214

Resolution Concerning the Number of Trial Judges

Judges: number

Resolution No. 215

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Admission of Veterans to the Bar During a State of War

Admission to the Bar: preferential treatment to veterans during war

Resolution No. 216

Resolution Concerning the Weight of Ballot of Electors

Elections: extend the one man one vote concept to political party nominating conventions

Resolution No. 217

Resolution Proposing Additions to the Declaration of Rights in the Connecticut Constitution

Declaration of Rights: amend to include recommendations of the Committee on State Government Organization

Resolution No. 218

Resolution Permitting Governor's Item Veto to Extend to Include Reductions in Amounts Also

Veto: expand governor's power

Resolution No. 219

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Use of Paper Ballot

Elections: allow use of paper ballots or machines

Resolution No. 220

Resolution Concerning the Selection of Delegates to Nominating Conventions

Elections: extend the one man one vote concept to political party nominating conventions

Resolution No. 221

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Jury Trials

Courts: establish threshold for verdicts in jury trials

Resolution No. 222

Resolution Creating a Commission on the Arts

Arts Commission: create an office of

Resolution No. 223

Resolution Proposing Automatic Adjustment of the Number of Judges of the Superior Court

Judges: automatic adjustments

Resolution No. 224

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Sessions of the Legislative Department

Legislation: separate budget legislation from all other legislation

Resolution No. 225

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Senatorial and Assembly Districts

Reapportionment: provide for automatic periodic

Resolution No. 226

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Compensation of Legislators

General Assembly: prevent members from changing their compensation

Resolution No. 227

Resolution Concerning Qualifications of Members of Legislature

General Assembly: require residence and age qualifications

Resolution No. 228

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Mandatory Reapportionment of the General Assembly

Reapportionment: mandatory for General Assembly

Resolution No. 229

Resolution Concerning Reapportionment of the House of Representatives

Reapportionment: provide representation by town based on population

Resolution No. 230

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Representation in the House of Representatives

Reapportionment: provide representation by town based on population

Resolution No. 231

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Requiring An Annual Session of the Legislature

General Assembly: provide for annual sessions

Resolution No. 232

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Reapportionment and Redistricting as it Relates to the City of Stamford

Reapportionment: to provide for the use of the new redistricting plan

Resolution No. 233

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Convening of the General Assembly

General Assembly: specify how the legislature convenes

Resolution No. 234

Resolution Concerning the Composition of and Representation in the General Assembly

General Assembly: establish unicameral

Resolution No. 235

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Redistricting in the Town of New Britain

Redistricting: correct town redistricting plan

Resolution No. 236

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Apportioning the House of Representatives According to Population

Reapportionment: provide representation by population

Resolution No. 237

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Reapportionment of the General Assembly

Reapportionment: provide for automatic and periodic if the legislature fails to act

Resolution No. 238

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Term of Senators

General Assembly: increase Senate terms from two to four years

Resolution No. 239

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Redistricting of Assembly Districts of the Town of Greenwich

Redistricting: create districts without gerrymandering

Resolution No. 240

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Term of Senators

General Assembly: increase Senate terms from two to four years

Resolution No. 241

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Reapportionment of the General Assembly

Reapportionment: provide for representation of large urban areas in the Senate and small towns in the House

Resolution No. 242

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Municipal Home Rule

Home Rule: establish

Resolution No. 243

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Mandatory Reapportionment of the General Assembly

Reapportionment: require mandatory

Resolution No. 244

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Mandatory Reapportionment of the General Assembly

Reapportionment: require mandatory

Resolution No. 245

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Limitations Upon Redistricting Proposals

Redistricting: prevent lines that require voters to vote in more than one place during a single election

Resolution No. 246

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Passage of Bills by the General Assembly

General Assembly: ensure an orderly legislative process

Resolution No. 247

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Legislative Department

General Assembly: establish process for implementing changes to the constitution

Resolution No. 248

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Reapportionment of the House of Representatives

Reapportionment: to achieve district-wide representation in the House of Representatives

Resolution No. 249

Resolution Concerning the Composition of the House of Representatives

General Assembly: eliminate need to redistrict House by automatically adjusting representation in the House after every federal census

Resolution No. 250

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Annual Sessions of the General Assembly

General Assembly: provide for annual sessions

Resolution No. 251

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Mandatory Reapportionment of the General Assembly

Reapportionment: establish clear criteria for mandatory periodic reapportionment

Resolution No. 252

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution to Provide a Method for the Calling of a Constitutional Convention by the Electors

Constitutional Conventions: (1) allow electors to call and (2) establish a democratic process for choosing delegates

Resolution No. 253

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Delegation Power of the Legislature

General Assembly: prevent further delegation of powers

Resolution No. 254

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Membership of the House of Representatives and the Senate

General Assembly: include in constitution 1965 Senate and House districts and provide for decennial redistricting

Resolution No. 255

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Reapportionment of the General Assembly

Reapportionment: conform House reapportionment to congressional apportionment and preserve a voice in the Senate for smaller communities

Resolution No. 256

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Methods of Voting

Elections: provide for voting methods

Resolution No. 257

Resolution Providing for Retirement from Civil Service

Government Administration: guarantee pensions for civil servants

Resolution No. 258

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Public Education

Education: provide for public

Resolution No. 259

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Legislative Department

General Assembly: implement changes to the constitution

Resolution No. 260

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 261

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 262

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 263

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 264

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 265

PROCEDURAL

 

Resolution No. 266

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Revising Article Fifth Concerning the Judicial Department

Judicial Department: revision of

Resolution No. 267

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning a Reconvening of the General Assembly for the Purpose of Reconsidering and Repassing Bills which the Governor has Vetoed

Veto: establish veto session

Resolution No. 268

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Municipal Home Rule

Home Rule: establish

Resolution No. 269

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning Vesting the Responsibility for the Governance of the University of Connecticut

University of Connecticut: governance

Resolution No. 270

Resolution Proposing An Amendment to the Constitution Concerning the Legislative Department

Legislative Department

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