Topic:
SEX CRIMES; STATISTICAL INFORMATION; CRIME;
Location:
SEX OFFENDERS;

OLR Research Report


April 15, 2008

 

2008-R-0274

CASE STATISTICS ON SEX OFFENSES

By: Christopher Reinhart, Senior Attorney

You asked for case statistics on sexual offenses. You also asked other questions about sex offenders that will be answered in separate reports.

SUMMARY

Using a database of Judicial Branch information maintained by the Office of Fiscal Analysis, we compiled case statistics for FY 07 on the crimes that require registration as a sex offender. In some instances, because of the way data is collected in the database, we could not separate out the specific offenses that subject someone to registration from other offenses that do not. For example, convictions of 2nd degree promoting prostitution require registration when the crime involves someone under age 18 but the database does not distinguish those cases from other cases under that statute.

The tables below display the case statistics for crimes that subject someone to registration as a sex offender and include explanations for crimes where some, but not all, of the cases included in the statistics would require someone to register.

These statistics are based on offenses disposed of by the courts. An individual is often charged with multiple offenses in the same case. And an individual might also have multiple cases during a year.

Offenses can be disposed of in a number of ways. Because an individual is often charged with multiple offenses in the same case, some charges might be dismissed as part of an agreement to plead guilty to other charges.

CASE STATISTICS FOR SEX OFFENSES

Table one shows the disposition of cases in FY 07 for crimes that require registration as a sex offender. There were no offenses listed for CGS 53a-72b or 53a-86.

Table 1: Crimes that Subject Someone to Registration as a Sex Offender, FY 07

Statute

Name

Total Offenses

Conviction

Not Guilty

Jury

Guilty

Non-Jury

Guilty

Plea

Jury

Not Guilty

Non-Jury

Not Guilty

Nolle

(Dismissed)

53a-70

Sexual assault 1st degree

492

24

12

132

28

4

292

53a-70a

Aggravated sexual assault 1st degree

6

0

0

3

0

0

3

53a-70b

Sexual assault-spousal or cohabiting relationship

22

0

0

4

0

0

18

53a-71

Sex assault 2nd degree

597

10

25

216

10

6

330

53a-72a

Sex assault 3rd degree

172

6

5

94

3

4

60

53a-73a

Sex assault 4th degree

512

12

11

165

12

2

310

53a-90a

Enticing a minor

26

0

0

13

0

0

13

53a-196a

Employing a minor in an obscene performance

2

0

0

0

0

0

2

53a-196b

Promoting a minor in an obscene performance

13

0

0

1

0

0

12

53a-196c

Importing child pornography

16

0

0

2

0

0

14

53a-196d

Possessing child pornography 1st degree

111

0

21

31

0

0

59

53a-196e

Possessing child pornography 2nd degree

4

0

0

3

0

0

1

53a-196f

Possessing child pornography 3rd degree

6

0

0

6

0

0

0

Risk of Injury

Risk of injury involving sexual contact under CGS 53-21(a)(2) or CGS 53-21(2) before October 1, 2000 requires registration as a sex offender. We include statistics for those specific provisions. The database also includes cases listed under CGS 53-21 and we include those statistics because it is unclear whether some of those cases might fall under the provision that requires someone to register.

Table 2: Risk of Injury Case Statistics, FY 07

Statute

Name

Total Offenses

Conviction

Not Guilty

Jury

Guilty

Non-Jury

Guilty

Plea

Jury

Not Guilty

Non-Jury

Not Guilty

Nolle

(Dismissed)

53-21(2)

Risk of injury—sexual contact

238

6

17

137

3

0

75

53-21(a)(2)

Risk of injury—sexual contact

410

15

8

253

14

0

120

53-21

Risk of injury

4,121

6

51

244

9

10

3,801

2nd Degree Promoting Prostitution

Only convictions of 2nd degree promoting prostitution under CGS 53a-87(a)(2) involving someone under age 18 require registration as a sex offender. The database does not distinguish those cases from other cases under that statute. Thus, it is unclear how many of these cases might require registration.

Table 3: 2nd Degree Promoting Prostitution Case Statistics, FY 07

Statute

Name

Total Offenses

Conviction

Not Guilty

Jury

Guilty

Non-Jury

Guilty

Plea

Jury

Not Guilty

Non-Jury

Not Guilty

Nolle

(Dismissed)

53a-87

Promoting prostitution 2nd degree

12

0

0

9

0

0

3

1st Degree Kidnapping

Only convictions of the 1st degree kidnapping crimes when the victim is under age 18 or when committed with intent to sexually violate or abuse the victim require registration as a sex offender. The database does not distinguish those cases from other cases under these statutes. Thus, it is unclear how many of these cases might require registration.

Table 4: 1st Degree Kidnapping Case Statistics, FY 07

Statute

Name

Total Offenses

Conviction

Not Guilty

Jury

Guilty

Non-Jury

Guilty

Plea

Jury

Not Guilty

Non-Jury

Not Guilty

Nolle

(Dismissed)

53a-92

Kidnapping 1st degree

128

10

0

27

4

0

87

53a-92a

Kidnapping 1st degree with a firearm

31

1

0

8

0

0

22

2nd Degree Kidnapping, Unlawful Restraint, and Public Indecency

Only convictions for these crimes when the victim is under age 18 require registration as a sex offender. The database does not distinguish those cases from other cases under these statutes. Thus, it is unclear how many of these cases might require registration.

Table 5: 2nd Degree Kidnapping, Unlawful Restraint, and Public Indecency Case Statistics, FY 07

Statute

Name

Total Offenses

Conviction

Not Guilty

Jury

Guilty

Non-Jury

Guilty

Plea

Jury

Not Guilty

Non-Jury

Not Guilty

Nolle

(Dismissed)

53a-94

Kidnapping 2nd degree

59

2

1

9

6

0

41

53a-94a

Kidnapping 2nd degree with a firearm

7

0

0

5

0

0

2

53a-95

Unlawful restraint 1st degree

610

4

19

212

4

2

369

53a-96

Unlawful restraint 2nd degree

899

2

22

203

7

0

665

53a-186

Public indecency

*243

0

6

63

0

1

172

*One case resulted in bond forfeiture.

Voyeurism

Only convictions of voyeurism involving intent to arouse or satisfy sexual desire under CGS 53a-189(a)(2) require registration as a sex offender. The database does not distinguish those cases from other cases under the statute. Thus, it is unclear how many of these cases might require registration.

Table 6: Voyeurism Case Statistics, FY 07

Statute

Name

Total Offenses

Conviction

Not Guilty

Jury

Guilty

Non-Jury

Guilty

Plea

Jury

Not Guilty

Non-Jury

Not Guilty

Nolle

(Dismissed)

53a-189a

Voyeurism

42

0

0

6

0

0

36

CR:ts