Topic:
CORRECTIONS; PRISONS AND PRISONERS; SENTENCING; STATISTICAL INFORMATION;
Location:
PRISONS AND PRISONERS - STATISTICS;

OLR Research Report


February 26, 2008

 

2008-R-0157

PRISON RELEASES AND HARTFORD

By: Christopher Reinhart, Senior Attorney

You asked for information on the number of people released from prison in Hartford and the type of releases.

SUMMARY

The Department of Correction (DOC) does not track inmates based on town of residence on release but they do have information on what town inmates list as their town of residence on admission to DOC. DOC provided us with data that presents this information in two ways.

According to DOC, there were 6,289 inmates released during calendar years 2006 and 2007 reporting Hartford as their residence at admission. An inmate can have different types of releases before being discharged from DOC custody but this number only counts inmates once, by their latest type of release. Including multiple releases for individuals, there were 9,256 releases during this two year period of inmates who reported Hartford as their residence at admission.

Tables below display this information broken down based on discharge while accused and awaiting trial or sentencing, discharge at end of sentence, or release to a halfway house, parole, special parole, transitional supervision, re-entry furlough, or transfer parole. DOC does not have data on whether an inmate is released from prison to probation supervision.

TYPES OF RELEASES

A person can be released from prison in a number of ways. An accused person may be initially imprisoned after arrest but may be discharged from custody pending trial or sentencing. A person can be discharged on completion of his or her sentence. DOC can also release an inmate to (1) transitional supervision if the inmate's prison sentence is two years or less, (2) a halfway house, (3) parole if the inmate's prison sentence is more than two years, (4) a furlough, (5) special parole if the court imposed this requirement to follow the end of the inmate's maximum term of imprisonment, or (6) transfer parole if the Board of Pardons and Paroles chairman grants it to an inmate who is within 18 months of his or her approved parole release date.

Under all of these types of releases, except for discharges, an inmate is supervised by a parole officer with specified restrictions and conditions on the person's release, such as employment and residence.

TABLES ON DOC RELEASES

According to DOC, there were 6,289 inmates released during calendar years 2006 and 2007 reporting Hartford as their residence at admission. An inmate can have different types of releases before being discharged from DOC custody but this number only counts inmates once, by their latest type of release. Table 1 displays this information broken down by type of release.

Table 1: Inmates Released From DOC Facilities Who Listed Hartford as Their Residence, Inmates Counted Only Once by Their Latest Type of Release, For 2006 and 2007

Type of Release

Number of Inmates

Discharge—Accused

3,346

Discharge—End of Sentence

1,264

Halfway House

431

Parole

235

Special Parole

134

Transitional Supervision

422

Re-entry Furlough

450

Transfer Parole*

7

Total

6,289

*By law, the Board of Pardons and Paroles chairman can transfer an inmate who has been granted parole and is within 18 months of his or her parole release date to a public or private nonprofit halfway house, group home, mental health facility, or approved community or private residence (CGS 54-125h).

Over the course of two years, it is possible that an inmate could be counted in multiple categories. Including multiple releases for individuals, there were 9,256 releases during this two year period of inmates who reported Hartford as their residence at admission. Table 2 displays this information broken down by type of release.

Table 2: Releases From DOC Facilities of Inmates Listing Hartford as Their Residence,

For 2006 and 2007

Type of Release

Number of Releases**

2006

2007

Total

Discharge—Accused

2,422

2,486

4,908

Discharge—End of Sentence

921

947

1,868

Halfway House

298

292

590

Parole

230

141

371

Special Parole

88

74

162

Transitional Supervision

325

363

688

Re-entry Furlough

327

334

661

Transfer Parole*

0

8

8

Total

4,611

4,645

9,256

*By law, the Board of Pardons and Paroles chairman can transfer an inmate who has been granted parole and is within 18 months of his or her parole release date to a public or private nonprofit halfway house, group home, mental health facility, or approved community or private residence (CGS 54-125h).

**Inmates can be counted in multiple categories.

CR:dw