Topic:
MENTAL HEALTH; STATISTICAL INFORMATION; PRISONS AND PRISONERS;
Location:
MENTAL HEALTH; PRISONS AND PRISONERS - STATISTICS;

OLR Research Report


June 29, 2007

 

2007-R-0418

INMATES AND MENTAL HEALTH

By: Christopher Reinhart, Senior Attorney

You asked for information on the number of inmates with mental health needs and how it has changed in recent years.

SUMMARY

On April 1, 2007, the incarcerated population was 18,989. Of these inmates, 18,794 received a mental health classification. The largest percentage, 52.9%, were classified as having no mental health history, 26% had minimal or intermittent impairment, 20.7% fell into the two categories of moderate impairment, and .4% were classified as having severe impairment.

We also obtained data on a monthly basis from January 1, 2002 through April 1, 2007. During this period, the percentage of inmates with no mental health history or current need declined by 5.6% and those with minimal or intermittent impairment declined by .9%. The other three categories increased: moderate impairment, controlled with medication by 6.1%; moderate impairment, precludes normal functioning by .2%; and severe impairment by .1%.

Also during this period, the category of:

1. no mental health history or current need ranged between a low of 52.9% on April 1, 2007 and a high of 60.5% on October 1 and November 1 of 2003;

2. minimal or intermittent impairment ranged between a low of 24.3% on May 1, 2004 and a high of 26.9% on January 1, 2002;

3. moderate impairment, controlled with medication ranged between a low of 12.1% on February 1, 2002 and a high of 18.6% on March 1, 2007;

4. moderate impairment, precludes normal functioning ranged between a low of 1.8% on September 1, 2003 and a high of 3.2% on January 1, 2006; and

5. severe impairment ranged between a low of .2% on February 1, 2004 and September 1, 2005 and a high of .5% on December 1, 2005.

INMATE MENTAL HEALTH CLASSIFICATIONS, APRIL 1, 2007

Table 1 below displays the number of inmates in mental health categories and their percentage of the total on April 1, 2007.

Table 1: Inmates with Mental Health Classifications,

April 1, 2007

Category

Number of Inmates

Percent of Inmates

No mental health history or current need

9,938

52.9%

Minimal or intermittent impairment

4,895

26.0%

Moderate impairment: controlled with medication

3,467

18.4%

Moderate impairment: precludes normal functioning

427

2.3%

Severe impairment

67

0.4%

Total

18,794

100%

INMATE MENTAL HEALTH CLASSIFICATIONS BY MONTH, FROM JANUARY 2002 THROUGH APRIL 2007

The chart below displays the number of inmates in each mental health classification on a monthly basis from January 1, 2002 to April 1, 2007.

Monthly Data From January 2002 Through April 2007

Table 2 displays the data used in the graph above, displaying on a monthly basis, the total number of classified inmates and how many fall into each mental health category.

Table 2: Inmates With Mental Health Classifications

Monthly From January 2002 Through April 2007

Date

Total Classified Inmates

No Mental Health History or Current Need

Minimal or Intermittent Impairment

Moderate Impairment: Controlled with Medication

Moderate Impairment: Precludes Normal Functioning

Severe Impairment

01-Jan-02

17,875

10,460

4,816

2,191

358

50

01-Feb-02

18,330

10,815

4,863

2,211

368

73

01-Apr-02

18,495

10,885

4,895

2,289

368

58

01-May-02

18,573

10,975

4,929

2,251

365

53

01-Jun-02

18,646

11,073

4,910

2,253

353

57

01-Jul-02

18,705

11,090

4,880

2,323

354

58

01-Aug-02

18,875

11,261

4,834

2,357

361

62

01-Sep-02

18,943

11,313

4,793

2,410

356

71

01-Oct-02

19,306

11,563

4,822

2,479

377

65

01-Nov-02

19,378

11,641

4,844

2,451

384

58

01-Dec-02

19,224

11,492

4,785

2,500

387

60

01-Jan-03

19,114

11,465

4,767

2,438

392

52

01-Feb-03

19,522

11,773

4,782

2,528

382

57

01-Mar-03

19,307

11,611

4,784

2,467

377

68

01-Apr-03

19,222

11,604

4,721

2,456

385

56

01-Jun-03

19,152

11,573

4,745

2,420

362

52

01-Jul-03

19,027

11,440

4,729

2,445

352

61

04-Aug-03

19,009

11,448

4,715

2,441

345

60

01-Sep-03

18,979

11,428

4,696

2,446

338

71

01-Oct-03

19,173

11,601

4,761

2,398

349

64

01-Nov-03

19,038

11,514

4,721

2,382

359

62

01-Dec-03

18,764

11,319

4,621

2,395

367

62

01-Jan-04

18,403

10,985

4,640

2,346

363

69

01-Feb-04

18,663

11,175

4,685

2,362

396

45

01-Mar-04

18,628

11,188

4,623

2,353

398

66

01-Apr-04

18,667

11,169

4,576

2,424

437

61

01-May-04

18,443

10,953

4,481

2,528

413

68

01-Jun-04

18,442

10,800

4,535

2,626

431

50

01-Jul-04

18,494

10,848

4,507

2,632

431

76

01-Aug-04

18,387

10,694

4,559

2,624

445

65

01-Sep-04

18,634

10,854

4,583

2,666

455

76

01-Oct-04

18,770

10,869

4,740

2,622

481

58

01-Nov-04

18,680

10,759

4,808

2,541

507

65

01-Dec-04

18,449

10,553

4,758

2,555

510

73

Table 2: –Continued-

Table 2: Inmates With Mental Health Classifications

Monthly From January 2002 Through April 2007

Date

Total Classified Inmates

No Mental Health History or Current Need

Minimal or Intermittent Impairment

Moderate Impairment: Controlled with Medication

Moderate Impairment: Precludes Normal Functioning

Severe Impairment

01-Jan-05

17,930

10,158

4,710

2,496

516

50

01-Feb-05

18,327

10,396

4,817

2,544

503

67

01-Mar-05

18,281

10,331

4,740

2,607

545

58

01-Apr-05

18,125

10,180

4,655

2,686

541

63

01-May-05

18,002

10,016

4,624

2,734

564

64

01-Jun-05

18,011

9,970

4,564

2,850

564

63

01-Jul-05

18,079

9,896

4,604

2,968

550

61

01-Aug-05

18,225

9,931

4,640

3,017

569

68

01-Sep-05

18,417

10,076

4,645

3,072

578

46

01-Oct-05

18,495

10,081

4,705

3,068

579

62

01-Nov-05

18,327

9,947

4,620

3,120

566

74

01-Dec-05

18,186

9,758

4,639

3,123

576

90

01-Jan-06

17,821

9,439

4,638

3,096

577

71

01-Feb-06

18,265

9,751

4,713

3,160

564

77

01-Mar-06

18,282

9,738

4,700

3,206

581

57

01-Apr-06

18,390

9,849

4,725

3,200

560

56

01-May-06

18,384

9,873

4,743

3,140

550

78

01-Jun-06

18,354

9,841

4,772

3,120

551

70

01-Jul-06

18,431

9,850

4,713

3,265

536

67

01-Aug-06

18,497

9,909

4,779

3,210

523

76

01-Sep-06

18,686

10,000

4,832

3,272

510

72

01-Oct-06

18,966

10,148

4,931

3,314

502

71

01-Nov-06

19,120

10,208

5,006

3,335

517

54

01-Dec-06

19,025

10,138

4,920

3,434

485

48

01-Jan-07

18,775

9,950

4,892

3,417

454

62

01-Feb-07

19,011

10,087

4,943

3,500

433

48

01-Mar-07

18,836

9,972

4,892

3,508

415

49

01-Apr-07

18,794

9,938

4,895

3,467

427

67

Table 3 below displays, on a monthly basis, the percentage of inmates that fall into each mental health category.

Table 3: Inmates With Mental Health Classifications, By Percentage

Monthly From January 2002 Through April 2007

Date

Total Classified Inmates

No mental health history or current need

Minimal or intermittent impairment

Moderate impairment: controlled with medication

Moderate impairment: precludes normal functioning

Severe impairment

01-Jan-02

17,875

58.5%

26.9%

12.3%

2.0%

0.3%

01-Feb-02

18,330

59.0%

26.5%

12.1%

2.0%

0.4%

01-Apr-02

18,495

58.9%

26.5%

12.4%

2.0%

0.3%

01-May-02

18,573

59.1%

26.5%

12.1%

2.0%

0.3%

01-Jun-02

18,646

59.4%

26.3%

12.1%

1.9%

0.3%

01-Jul-02

18,705

59.3%

26.1%

12.4%

1.9%

0.3%

01-Aug-02

18,875

59.7%

25.6%

12.5%

1.9%

0.3%

01-Sep-02

18,943

59.7%

25.3%

12.7%

1.9%

0.4%

01-Oct-02

19,306

59.9%

25.0%

12.8%

1.9%

0.3%

01-Nov-02

19,378

60.1%

25.0%

12.6%

2.0%

0.3%

01-Dec-02

19,224

59.8%

24.9%

13.0%

2.0%

0.3%

01-Jan-03

19,114

60.0%

24.9%

12.8%

2.0%

0.3%

01-Feb-03

19,522

60.3%

24.5%

12.9%

1.9%

0.3%

01-Mar-03

19,307

60.1%

24.8%

12.8%

1.9%

0.4%

01-Apr-03

19,222

60.4%

24.6%

12.8%

2.0%

0.3%

01-Jun-03

19,152

60.4%

24.8%

12.6%

1.9%

0.3%

01-Jul-03

19,027

60.1%

24.9%

12.9%

1.8%

0.3%

04-Aug-03

19,009

60.2%

24.8%

12.8%

1.8%

0.3%

01-Sep-03

18,979

60.2%

24.7%

12.9%

1.8%

0.4%

01-Oct-03

19,173

60.5%

24.8%

12.5%

1.8%

0.3%

01-Nov-03

19,038

60.5%

24.8%

12.5%

1.9%

0.3%

01-Dec-03

18,764

60.3%

24.6%

12.8%

1.9%

0.3%

01-Jan-04

18,403

59.7%

25.2%

12.7%

2.0%

0.4%

01-Feb-04

18,663

59.9%

25.1%

12.7%

2.1%

0.2%

01-Mar-04

18,628

60.1%

24.8%

12.6%

2.1%

0.4%

01-Apr-04

18,667

59.8%

24.5%

13.0%

2.3%

0.3%

01-May-04

18,443

59.4%

24.3%

13.7%

2.2%

0.4%

01-Jun-04

18,442

58.6%

24.6%

14.2%

2.3%

0.3%

01-Jul-04

18,494

58.7%

24.4%

14.2%

2.3%

0.4%

01-Aug-04

18,387

58.2%

24.8%

14.3%

2.4%

0.4%

01-Sep-04

18,634

58.2%

24.6%

14.3%

2.4%

0.4%

01-Oct-04

18,770

57.9%

25.3%

14.0%

2.6%

0.3%

01-Nov-04

18,680

57.6%

25.7%

13.6%

2.7%

0.3%

01-Dec-04

18,449

57.2%

25.8%

13.8%

2.8%

0.4%

01-Jan-05

17,930

56.7%

26.3%

13.9%

2.9%

0.3%

01-Feb-05

18,327

56.7%

26.3%

13.9%

2.7%

0.4%

01-Mar-05

18,281

56.5%

25.9%

14.3%

3.0%

0.3%

01-Apr-05

18,125

56.2%

25.7%

14.8%

3.0%

0.3%

01-May-05

18,002

55.6%

25.7%

15.2%

3.1%

0.4%

01-Jun-05

18,011

55.4%

25.3%

15.8%

3.1%

0.3%

Table 3: -Continued-

Table 3: Inmates With Mental Health Classifications, By Percentage

Monthly From January 2002 Through April 2007

Date

Total Classified Inmates

No mental health history or current need

Minimal or intermittent impairment

Moderate impairment: controlled with medication

Moderate impairment: precludes normal functioning

Severe impairment

01-Jul-05

18,079

54.7%

25.5%

16.4%

3.0%

0.3%

01-Aug-05

18,225

54.5%

25.5%

16.6%

3.1%

0.4%

01-Sep-05

18,417

54.7%

25.2%

16.7%

3.1%

0.2%

01-Oct-05

18,495

54.5%

25.4%

16.6%

3.1%

0.3%

01-Nov-05

18,327

54.3%

25.2%

17.0%

3.1%

0.4%

01-Dec-05

18,186

53.7%

25.5%

17.2%

3.2%

0.5%

01-Jan-06

17,821

53.0%

26.0%

17.4%

3.2%

0.4%

01-Feb-06

18,265

53.4%

25.8%

17.3%

3.1%

0.4%

01-Mar-06

18,282

53.3%

25.7%

17.5%

3.2%

0.3%

01-Apr-06

18,390

53.6%

25.7%

17.4%

3.0%

0.3%

01-May-06

18,384

53.7%

25.8%

17.1%

3.0%

0.4%

01-Jun-06

18,354

53.6%

26.0%

17.0%

3.0%

0.4%

01-Jul-06

18,431

53.4%

25.6%

17.7%

2.9%

0.4%

01-Aug-06

18,497

53.6%

25.8%

17.4%

2.8%

0.4%

01-Sep-06

18,686

53.5%

25.9%

17.5%

2.7%

0.4%

01-Oct-06

18,966

53.5%

26.0%

17.5%

2.6%

0.4%

01-Nov-06

19,120

53.4%

26.2%

17.4%

2.7%

0.3%

01-Dec-06

19,025

53.3%

25.9%

18.0%

2.5%

0.3%

01-Jan-07

18,775

53.0%

26.1%

18.2%

2.4%

0.3%

01-Feb-07

19,011

53.1%

26.0%

18.4%

2.3%

0.3%

01-Mar-07

18,836

52.9%

26.0%

18.6%

2.2%

0.3%

01-Apr-07

18,794

52.9%

26.0%

18.4%

2.2%

0.4%

CR:ts