October 13, 2005
NUMBER OF STATE-SPONSORED ADOPTIONS PER YEAR
By: Ryan O'Neil, Research Assistant
You asked how many state-sponsored adoptions are successful each year. You also asked many are unsuccessful.
State-sponsored adoptions are those that are subsidized by the Department of Children and Families (DCF) and place children from the foster care system. According to Josh Howroyd, Legislative Program Manager for DCF, there were 500 such adoptions in FY 04-05. DCF does not track the number of unsuccessful or disrupted adoptions.
DCF characterizes disruptions as an adoptive placement that requires the child to be removed from the home or if the child leaves the home. Reasons for removal include abuse or neglect in the home, medical or behavioral issues, involvement with juvenile justice system, or if the child becomes a runaway.
Typically, state-sponsored adoptions involve children who are “hard to place” or have special needs. They may come from abused backgrounds or are born substance-addicted. Often, these issues don't surface for years and then disruptions occur and children can make their way into mental health system or juvenile justice system.