Topic:
MURDER; STATISTICAL INFORMATION; CRIMINAL STATISTICS; CRIME; CRIMINALS;

OLR Research Report


September 14, 2005

 

2005-R-0639

MURDER RATES IN CONNECTICUT AND OTHER STATES AND CERTAIN CITIES

 

By: George Coppolo, Chief Attorney

Ryan O'Neil, Research Assistant

You asked for a comparison between murder rates in Connecticut and New York City from 1990 to the present. You also asked for a comparison between Connecticut and other states for this period. Finally, you asked for a comparison between murder rates in certain Connecticut cities and rates in certain cities in other states.

SUMMARY

Data for this report was taken from the U.S. Department of Justice's Uniform Crime Reporting Program (UCR), which is a nationwide, cooperative statistical effort of nearly 17,000 city, county, and state law enforcement agencies voluntarily reporting crimes brought to their attention. The FBI administers this program and issues periodic assessments of the nature and type of crime. UCR combines murder and non-negligent manslaughter. Thus, when we refer to the murder rate in the report, it includes non-negligent manslaughter as well.

Connecticut's murder rate in 1990 was 5.1 per 100,000 people; in 2003, it dropped to 3.0 a decline of 41%. New York City's murder rate in 1990 was 30.7; in 2003, it dropped to 7.4, a decline of 76%. The national murder rate per 100,000 has declined 40%, from 9.4 in 1990 to 5.7 in 2003.

Connecticut's rank among the 50 states' murder rate per 100,000 since 1990 has been between the 16th and 23rd lowest, with two exceptions: 1994, when it was 28th, and 2002, when it was 14th.

We examined the murder rates in five Connecticut cities from 1990 to 2003 — Bridgeport, Hartford, New Haven, Stamford, and Waterbury. In 1990, Bridgeport had the highest rate per 100,000 (40.9), and Waterbury had the lowest (4.6). In 2003, Hartford had the highest rate (35.1) and Stamford had the lowest (1.7).

We also looked at murder rates in 10 cities in other states for 1990, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2003. These cities are Boston, Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, Miami, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Providence, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C.

In 1990, Bridgeport, which had the highest rate per 100,000 in Connecticut, had a higher rate than nine of the cities. Only Washington, D.C., had a higher rate (77.8) than Bridgeport (40.9). In 2000, New Haven had the highest rate in Connecticut (14.6). This rate was higher than the rate in four of the cities — Boston (6.83), Denver (6.04), Pittsburgh (10.52), and San Francisco (7.73). In 2003, Hartford had the highest Connecticut rate (35.1). Hartford's rate was higher than in nine of these cities; only Washington, D.C. had a higher rate (44.0).

CONNECTICUT AND NEW YORK CITY MURDER RATES, 1990 – 2003

Table 1 reports the number of murders (and non-negligent manslaughters) and the murder rate each year from 1990 to 2003 for New York City and Connecticut. Graph 1 compares the murder rates for these years.

Table 1: Connecticut and New York City Murder Rates per 100,000 People, 1990 – 2003

Year

Connecticut

New York City

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

1990

166

5.1

2,245

30.7

1991

187

5.7

2,154

29.3

1992

166

5.1

1,995

27.1

1993

206

6.3

1,946

26.5

1994

215

6.6

1,561

21.3

1995

150

4.6

1,177

16.1

1996

158

4.8

983

13.4

1997

124

3.8

770

10.5

1998

135

4.1

633

8.6

1999

107

3.3

671

9.0

2000

98

2.9

673

8.7

2001

105

3.1

1,530

19.1

2002

80

2.3

587

7.3

2003

104

3.0

597

7.4

MURDER RATE IN CONNECTICUT AND OTHER STATES

Connecticut's murder rate (5.1 per 100,000) was 22nd lowest in 1990. The lowest rate that year was North Dakota, which had a rate of 0.8; the highest rate was Louisiana, which had a rate of 17.2. In 2003, Connecticut's rate was 3.0, which was 16th lowest. Louisiana continued to have the highest ratio at 13.0.

Table 2 reports the murder rate for each state from 1990 to 2003 in alphabetical order. Table 3 reports the murder rate from highest to lowest. Graph 2 shows the ranking of Connecticut's murder rate compared with all other states for each year from 1990 to 2003.

Table 2: State Murder Rates per 100,000, 1990 – 2003, in Alphabetical Order

State

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

Alabama

11.6

11.5

11.0

11.6

11.9

11.2

10.4

9.9

8.1

7.9

7.4

8.5

6.8

6.6

Alaska

7.5

7.4

7.5

9.0

6.3

9.1

7.4

8.9

6.7

8.6

4.3

6.1

5.1

6.0

Arizona

7.7

7.8

8.1

8.6

10.5

10.4

8.5

8.2

8.1

8.0

7.0

7.5

7.1

7.9

Arkansas

10.3

11.1

10.8

10.2

12.0

10.4

8.7

9.9

7.9

5.6

6.3

5.5

5.2

6.4

California

11.9

12.7

12.7

13.1

11.8

11.2

9.1

8.0

6.6

6.0

6.1

6.4

6.8

6.8

Colorado

4.2

5.9

6.2

5.8

5.4

5.8

4.7

4.0

4.6

4.6

3.1

3.6

4.0

3.9

Connecticut

5.1

5.7

5.1

6.3

6.6

4.6

4.8

3.8

4.1

3.3

2.9

3.1

2.3

3.0

Delaware

5.0

5.4

4.6

5.0

4.7

3.5

4.3

2.5

2.8

3.2

3.2

2.9

3.2

2.9

Florida

10.7

9.4

9.0

8.9

8.3

7.3

7.5

6.9

6.5

5.7

5.6

5.3

5.5

5.4

Georgia

11.8

12.8

11.0

11.4

10.0

9.5

8.6

7.5

8.1

7.5

8.0

7.1

7.1

7.6

Hawaii

4.0

4.0

3.6

3.8

4.2

4.7

3.4

4

2.0

3.7

2.9

2.6

1.9

1.7

Idaho

2.7

1.8

3.5

2.9

3.5

4.1

3.6

3.2

2.9

2.0

1.2

2.3

2.7

1.8

Illinois

10.3

11.3

11.4

11.4

11.7

10.3

10.0

9.2

8.4

7.7

7.2

7.9

7.5

7.1

Indiana

6.2

7.5

8.2

7.5

7.9

8.0

7.2

7.3

7.7

6.6

5.8

6.8

5.9

5.5

Iowa

1.9

2.0

1.6

2.3

1.7

1.8

1.9

1.8

1.9

1.5

1.6

1.7

1.5

1.6

Kansas

4.0

6.1

6.0

6.4

5.8

6.2

6.6

6

5.9

6.0

6.3

3.4

2.9

4.5

Kentucky

7.2

6.8

5.8

6.6

6.4

7.2

5.9

5.8

4.6

5.4

4.8

4.7

4.5

4.6

Louisiana

17.2

16.9

17.4

20.3

19.8

17.0

17.5

15.7

12.8

10.7

12.5

11.2

13.2

13.0

Maine

2.4

1.2

1.7

1.6

2.3

2.0

2.0

2.0

2.0

2.2

1.2

1.4

1.1

1.2

Maryland

11.5

11.7

12.1

12.7

11.6

11.8

11.6

9.9

10.0

9.0

8.1

8.3

9.4

9.5

Massachusetts

4.0

4.2

3.6

3.9

3.5

3.6

2.6

1.9

2.0

2.0

2.0

2.3

2.7

2.2

Michigan

10.4

10.8

9.9

9.8

9.8

8.5

7.5

7.8

7.3

7.0

6.7

6.7

6.7

6.1

Minnesota

2.7

3.0

3.3

3.4

3.2

3.9

3.6

2.8

2.6

2.8

3.1

2.4

2.2

2.5

Mississippi

12.2

12.8

12.2

13.5

15.3

12.9

11.1

13.1

11.4

7.7

9.0

9.9

9.2

9.3

Missouri

8.8

10.5

10.5

11.0

10.5

8.8

8.1

7.9

7.3

6.6

6.2

6.6

5.8

5.0

Montana

4.9

2.6

2.9

3.0

3.3

3.0

3.9

4.8

4.1

2.6

1.8

3.8

1.8

3.3

Nebraska

2.7

3.3

4.2

3.9

3.1

2.9

2.9

3.0

3.1

3.6

3.7

2.5

2.8

3.2

Nevada

9.7

11.8

10.9

10.4

11.7

10.7

13.7

11.2

9.7

9.1

6.5

8.5

8.3

8.8

New

Hampshire

1.9

3.6

1.6

2.0

1.4

1.8

1.7

1.4

1.5

1.5

1.8

1.4

0.9

1.4

New Jersey

5.6

5.2

5.1

5.3

5.0

5.1

4.2

4.2

4.0

3.5

3.4

4.0

3.9

4.7

New Mexico

9.2

10.5

8.9

8.0

10.7

8.8

11.5

7.7

10.9

9.8

7.4

5.4

8.2

6.0

New York

14.5

14.2

13.2

13.3

11.1

8.5

7.4

6.0

5.1

5.0

5.0

5.0

4.7

4.9

North Carolina

10.7

11.4

10.6

11.3

10.9

9.4

8.5

8.3

8.1

7.2

7.0

6.2

6.6

6.1

North Dakota

0.8

1.1

1.9

1.7

0.2

0.9

2.2

0.9

1.1

1.6

0.6

1.1

0.8

1.9

Ohio

6.1

7.2

6.6

6.0

6.0

5.4

4.8

4.7

4.0

3.5

3.7

4.0

4.6

4.6

Oklahoma

8.0

7.2

6.5

8.4

6.9

12.2

6.8

6.9

6.1

6.9

5.3

5.3

4.7

5.9

Oregon

3.8

4.6

4.7

4.6

4.9

4.1

4.0

2.9

3.8

2.7

2.0

2.4

2.0

1.9

Pennsylvania

6.7

6.3

6.2

6.8

5.9

6.3

5.7

5.9

5.3

4.9

4.9

5.3

5.1

5.3

Rhode Island

4.8

3.7

3.6

3.9

4.1

3.3

2.5

2.5

2.4

3.6

4.3

3.7

3.8

2.3

South Carolina

11.2

11.3

10.4

10.3

9.6

7.9

9.0

8.4

8.0

6.6

5.8

6.3

7.3

7.2

South Dakota

2.0

1.7

0.6

3.4

1.4

1.8

1.2

1.4

1.4

2.5

0.9

0.9

1.4

1.3

Tennessee

10.5

11.0

10.4

10.2

9.3

10.6

9.5

9.5

8.5

7.1

7.2

7.4

7.2

6.8

Texas

14.1

15.3

12.7

11.9

11.0

9.0

7.7

6.8

6.8

6.1

5.9

6.2

6.0

6.4

Utah

3.0

2.9

3.0

3.1

2.9

3.9

3.2

2.4

3.1

2.1

1.9

3.0

2.0

2.5

Vermont

2.3

2.1

2.1

3.6

1.0

2.2

1.9

1.5

2.2

2.9

1.5

1.1

2.1

2.3

Virginia

8.8

9.3

8.8

8.3

8.7

7.6

7.5

7.2

6.2

5.7

5.7

5.1

5.3

5.6

Washington

4.9

4.2

5.0

5.2

5.5

5.1

4.6

4.3

3.9

3.0

3.3

3.0

3.0

3.0

West Virginia

5.7

6.2

6.3

6.9

5.4

4.9

3.8

4.1

4.3

4.4

2.5

2.2

3.2

3.5

Wisconsin

4.6

4.8

4.4

4.4

4.5

4.3

4.0

4.0

3.6

3.4

3.2

3.6

2.8

3.3

Wyoming

4.9

3.3

3.6

3.4

3.4

2.1

3.3

3.5

4.8

2.3

2.4

1.8

3.0

2.8

                             

Highest

17.2

16.9

17.4

20.3

19.8

17.0

17.5

15.7

12.8

10.7

12.5

11.2

13.2

13.0

Lowest

0.8

1.1

0.6

1.6

0.2

0.9

1.2

0.9

1.1

1.5

0.6

0.9

0.8

1.2

                             

National

9.4

9.8

9.3

9.5

9.0

8.2

7.4

6.8

6.3

5.7

5.5

5.6

5.6

5.7

Connecticut

5.1

5.7

5.1

6.3

6.6

4.6

4.8

3.8

4.1

3.3

2.9

3.1

2.3

3.0

Table 3: State Murder Rates per 100,000 People, 1990 – 2003, From Highest to Lowest

State

1990

 

State

1991

rate

rank

 

rate

rank

North Dakota

0.8

1

 

North Dakota

1.1

1

Iowa

1.9

2

 

Maine

1.2

2

New Hampshire

1.9

3

 

South Dakota

1.7

3

South Dakota

2

4

 

Idaho

1.8

4

Vermont

2.3

5

 

Iowa

2

5

Maine

2.4

6

 

Vermont

2.1

6

Idaho

2.7

7

 

Montana

2.6

7

Minnesota

2.7

8

 

Utah

2.9

8

Nebraska

2.7

9

 

Minnesota

3.0

9

Utah

3.0

10

 

Nebraska

3.3

10

Oregon

3.8

11

 

Wyoming

3.3

11

Hawaii

4.0

12

 

New Hampshire

3.6

12

Kansas

4.0

13

 

Rhode Island

3.7

13

Massachusetts

4.0

14

 

Hawaii

4.0

14

Colorado

4.2

15

 

Massachusetts

4.2

15

Wisconsin

4.6

16

 

Washington

4.2

16

Rhode Island

4.8

17

 

Oregon

4.6

17

Montana

4.9

18

 

Wisconsin

4.8

18

Washington

4.9

19

 

New Jersey

5.2

19

Wyoming

4.9

20

 

Delaware

5.4

20

Delaware

5.0

21

 

CONNECTICUT

5.7

21

CONNECTICUT

5.1

22

 

Colorado

5.9

22

New Jersey

5.6

23

 

Kansas

6.1

23

West Virginia

5.7

24

 

West Virginia

6.2

24

Ohio

6.1

25

 

Pennsylvania

6.3

25

Indiana

6.2

26

 

Kentucky

6.8

26

Pennsylvania

6.7

27

 

Ohio

7.2

27

Kentucky

7.2

28

 

Oklahoma

7.2

28

Alaska

7.5

29

 

Alaska

7.4

29

Arizona

7.7

30

 

Indiana

7.5

30

Oklahoma

8.0

31

 

Arizona

7.8

31

Missouri

8.8

32

 

Virginia

9.3

32

Virginia

8.8

33

 

Florida

9.4

33

New Mexico

9.2

34

 

Missouri

10.5

34

Nevada

9.7

35

 

New Mexico

10.5

35

Arkansas

10.3

36

 

Michigan

10.8

36

Illinois

10.3

37

 

Tennessee

11

37

Michigan

10.4

38

 

Arkansas

11.1

38

Tennessee

10.5

39

 

Illinois

11.3

39

Florida

10.7

40

 

South Carolina

11.3

40

North Carolina

10.7

41

 

North Carolina

11.4

41

South Carolina

11.2

42

 

Alabama

11.5

42

Maryland

11.5

43

 

Maryland

11.7

43

Alabama

11.6

44

 

Nevada

11.8

44

Georgia

11.8

45

 

California

12.7

45

California

11.9

46

 

Georgia

12.8

46

Mississippi

12.2

47

 

Mississippi

12.8

47

Texas

14.1

48

 

New York

14.2

48

New York

14.5

49

 

Texas

15.3

49

Louisiana

17.2

50

 

Louisiana

16.9

50

State

1992

 

State

1993

rate

rank

 

rate

rank

South Dakota

0.6

1

 

Maine

1.6

1

Iowa

1.6

2

 

North Dakota

1.7

2

New Hampshire

1.6

3

 

New Hampshire

2.0

3

Maine

1.7

4

 

Iowa

2.3

4

North Dakota

1.9

5

 

Idaho

2.9

5

Vermont

2.1

6

 

Montana

3.0

6

Montana

2.9

7

 

Utah

3.1

7

Utah

3.0

8

 

Minnesota

3.4

8

Minnesota

3.3

9

 

South Dakota

3.4

9

Idaho

3.5

10

 

Wyoming

3.4

10

Hawaii

3.6

11

 

Vermont

3.6

11

Massachusetts

3.6

12

 

Hawaii

3.8

12

Rhode Island

3.6

13

 

Massachusetts

3.9

13

Wyoming

3.6

14

 

Nebraska

3.9

14

Nebraska

4.2

15

 

Rhode Island

3.9

15

Wisconsin

4.4

16

 

Wisconsin

4.4

16

Delaware

4.6

17

 

Oregon

4.6

17

Oregon

4.7

18

 

Delaware

5.0

18

Washington

5.0

19

 

Washington

5.2

19

CONNECTICUT

5.1

20

 

New Jersey

5.3

20

New Jersey

5.1

21

 

Colorado

5.8

21

Kentucky

5.8

22

 

Ohio

6.0

22

Kansas

6.0

23

 

CONNECTICUT

6.3

23

Colorado

6.2

24

 

Kansas

6.4

24

Pennsylvania

6.2

25

 

Kentucky

6.6

25

West Virginia

6.3

26

 

Pennsylvania

6.8

26

Oklahoma

6.5

27

 

West Virginia

6.9

27

Ohio

6.6

28

 

Indiana

7.5

28

Alaska

7.5

29

 

New Mexico

8.0

29

Arizona

8.1

30

 

Virginia

8.3

30

Indiana

8.2

31

 

Oklahoma

8.4

31

Virginia

8.8

32

 

Arizona

8.6

32

New Mexico

8.9

33

 

Florida

8.9

33

Florida

9.0

34

 

Alaska

9.0

34

Michigan

9.9

35

 

Michigan

9.8

35

South Carolina

10.4

36

 

Arkansas

10.2

36

Tennessee

10.4

37

 

Tennessee

10.2

37

Missouri

10.5

38

 

South Carolina

10.3

38

North Carolina

10.6

39

 

Nevada

10.4

39

Arkansas

10.8

40

 

Missouri

11.0

40

Nevada

10.9

41

 

North Carolina

11.3

41

Alabama

11.0

42

 

Georgia

11.4

42

Georgia

11.0

43

 

Illinois

11.4

43

Illinois

11.4

44

 

Alabama

11.6

44

Maryland

12.1

45

 

Texas

11.9

45

Mississippi

12.2

46

 

Maryland

12.7

46

California

12.7

47

 

California

13.1

47

Texas

12.7

48

 

New York

13.3

48

New York

13.2

49

 

Mississippi

13.5

49

Louisiana

17.4

50

 

Louisiana

20.3

50

State

1994

 

State

1995

rate

rank

 

rate

rank

North Dakota

0.2

1

 

North Dakota

0.9

1

Vermont

1.0

2

 

Iowa

1.8

2

New Hampshire

1.4

3

 

New Hampshire

1.8

3

South Dakota

1.4

4

 

South Dakota

1.8

4

Iowa

1.7

5

 

Maine

2.0

5

Maine

2.3

6

 

Wyoming

2.1

6

Utah

2.9

7

 

Vermont

2.2

7

Nebraska

3.1

8

 

Nebraska

2.9

8

Minnesota

3.2

9

 

Montana

3.0

9

Montana

3.3

10

 

Rhode Island

3.3

10

Wyoming

3.4

11

 

Delaware

3.5

11

Idaho

3.5

12

 

Massachusetts

3.6

12

Massachusetts

3.5

13

 

Minnesota

3.9

13

Rhode Island

4.1

14

 

Utah

3.9

14

Hawaii

4.2

15

 

Idaho

4.1

15

Wisconsin

4.5

16

 

Oregon

4.1

16

Delaware

4.7

17

 

Wisconsin

4.3

17

Oregon

4.9

18

 

CONNECTICUT

4.6

18

New Jersey

5.0

19

 

Hawaii

4.7

19

Colorado

5.4

20

 

West Virginia

4.9

20

West Virginia

5.4

21

 

New Jersey

5.1

21

Washington

5.5

22

 

Washington

5.1

22

Kansas

5.8

23

 

Ohio

5.4

23

Pennsylvania

5.9

24

 

Colorado

5.8

24

Ohio

6.0

25

 

Kansas

6.2

25

Alaska

6.3

26

 

Pennsylvania

6.3

26

Kentucky

6.4

27

 

Kentucky

7.2

27

CONNECTICUT

6.6

28

 

Florida

7.3

28

Oklahoma

6.9

29

 

Virginia

7.6

29

Indiana

7.9

30

 

South Carolina

7.9

30

Florida

8.3

31

 

Indiana

8.0

31

Virginia

8.7

32

 

Michigan

8.5

32

Tennessee

9.3

33

 

New York

8.5

33

South Carolina

9.6

34

 

Missouri

8.8

34

Michigan

9.8

35

 

New Mexico

8.8

35

Georgia

10.0

36

 

Texas

9.0

36

Arizona

10.5

37

 

Alaska

9.1

37

Missouri

10.5

38

 

North Carolina

9.4

38

New Mexico

10.7

39

 

Georgia

9.5

39

North Carolina

10.9

40

 

Illinois

10.3

40

Texas

11.0

41

 

Arizona

10.4

41

New York

11.1

42

 

Arkansas

10.4

42

Maryland

11.6

43

 

Tennessee

10.6

43

Illinois

11.7

44

 

Nevada

10.7

44

Nevada

11.7

45

 

Alabama

11.2

45

California

11.8

46

 

California

11.2

46

Alabama

11.9

47

 

Maryland

11.8

47

Arkansas

12.0

48

 

Oklahoma

12.2

48

Mississippi

15.3

49

 

Mississippi

12.9

49

Louisiana

19.8

50

 

Louisiana

17.0

50

State

1996

 

State

1997

rate

rank

 

rate

rank

South Dakota

1.2

1

 

North Dakota

0.9

1

New Hampshire

1.7

2

 

New Hampshire

1.4

2

Iowa

1.9

3

 

South Dakota

1.4

3

Vermont

1.9

4

 

Vermont

1.5

4

Maine

2.0

5

 

Iowa

1.8

5

North Dakota

2.2

6

 

Massachusetts

1.9

6

Rhode Island

2.5

7

 

Maine

2.0

7

Massachusetts

2.6

8

 

Utah

2.4

8

Nebraska

2.9

9

 

Delaware

2.5

9

Utah

3.2

10

 

Rhode Island

2.5

10

Wyoming

3.3

11

 

Minnesota

2.8

11

Hawaii

3.4

12

 

Oregon

2.9

12

Idaho

3.6

13

 

Nebraska

3.0

13

Minnesota

3.6

14

 

Idaho

3.2

14

West Virginia

3.8

15

 

Wyoming

3.5

15

Montana

3.9

16

 

CONNECTICUT

3.8

16

Oregon

4.0

17

 

Colorado

4.0

17

Wisconsin

4.0

18

 

Hawaii

4.0

18

New Jersey

4.2

19

 

Wisconsin

4.0

19

Delaware

4.3

20

 

West Virginia

4.1

20

Washington

4.6

21

 

New Jersey

4.2

21

Colorado

4.7

22

 

Washington

4.3

22

CONNECTICUT

4.8

23

 

Ohio

4.7

23

Ohio

4.8

24

 

Montana

4.8

24

Pennsylvania

5.7

25

 

Kentucky

5.8

25

Kentucky

5.9

26

 

Pennsylvania

5.9

26

Kansas

6.6

27

 

Kansas

6.0

27

Oklahoma

6.8

28

 

New York

6.0

28

Indiana

7.2

29

 

Texas

6.8

29

Alaska

7.4

30

 

Florida

6.9

30

New York

7.4

31

 

Oklahoma

6.9

31

Florida

7.5

32

 

Virginia

7.2

32

Michigan

7.5

33

 

Indiana

7.3

33

Virginia

7.5

34

 

Georgia

7.5

34

Texas

7.7

35

 

New Mexico

7.7

35

Missouri

8.1

36

 

Michigan

7.8

36

Arizona

8.5

37

 

Missouri

7.9

37

North Carolina

8.5

38

 

California

8.0

38

Georgia

8.6

39

 

Arizona

8.2

39

Arkansas

8.7

40

 

North Carolina

8.3

40

South Carolina

9.0

41

 

South Carolina

8.4

41

California

9.1

42

 

Alaska

8.9

42

Tennessee

9.5

43

 

Illinois

9.2

43

Illinois

10.0

44

 

Tennessee

9.5

44

Alabama

10.4

45

 

Alabama

9.9

45

Mississippi

11.1

46

 

Arkansas

9.9

46

New Mexico

11.5

47

 

Maryland

9.9

47

Maryland

11.6

48

 

Nevada

11.2

48

Nevada

13.7

49

 

Mississippi

13.1

49

Louisiana

17.5

50

 

Louisiana

15.7

50

State

1998

 

State

1999

rate

rank

 

rate

rank

North Dakota

1.1

1

 

Iowa

1.5

1

South Dakota

1.4

2

 

New Hampshire

1.5

2

New Hampshire

1.5

3

 

North Dakota

1.6

3

Iowa

1.9

4

 

Idaho

2.0

4

Hawaii

2.0

5

 

Massachusetts

2.0

5

Maine

2.0

6

 

Utah

2.1

6

Massachusetts

2.0

7

 

Maine

2.2

7

Vermont

2.2

8

 

Wyoming

2.3

8

Rhode Island

2.4

9

 

South Dakota

2.5

9

Minnesota

2.6

10

 

Montana

2.6

10

Delaware

2.8

11

 

Oregon

2.7

11

Idaho

2.9

12

 

Minnesota

2.8

12

Nebraska

3.1

13

 

Vermont

2.9

13

Utah

3.1

14

 

Washington

3.0

14

Wisconsin

3.6

15

 

Delaware

3.2

15

Oregon

3.8

16

 

CONNECTICUT

3.3

16

Washington

3.9

17

 

Wisconsin

3.4

17

New Jersey

4.0

18

 

New Jersey

3.5

18

Ohio

4.0

19

 

Ohio

3.5

19

CONNECTICUT

4.1

20

 

Nebraska

3.6

20

Montana

4.1

21

 

Rhode Island

3.6

21

West Virginia

4.3

22

 

Hawaii

3.7

22

Colorado

4.6

23

 

West Virginia

4.4

23

Kentucky

4.6

24

 

Colorado

4.6

24

Wyoming

4.8

25

 

Pennsylvania

4.9

25

New York

5.1

26

 

New York

5.0

26

Pennsylvania

5.3

27

 

Kentucky

5.4

27

Kansas

5.9

28

 

Arkansas

5.6

28

Oklahoma

6.1

29

 

Florida

5.7

29

Virginia

6.2

30

 

Virginia

5.7

30

Florida

6.5

31

 

California

6.0

31

California

6.6

32

 

Kansas

6.0

32

Alaska

6.7

33

 

Texas

6.1

33

Texas

6.8

34

 

Indiana

6.6

34

Michigan

7.3

35

 

Missouri

6.6

35

Missouri

7.3

36

 

South Carolina

6.6

36

Indiana

7.7

37

 

Oklahoma

6.9

37

Arkansas

7.9

38

 

Michigan

7.0

38

South Carolina

8.0

39

 

Tennessee

7.1

39

Alabama

8.1

40

 

North Carolina

7.2

40

Arizona

8.1

41

 

Georgia

7.5

41

Georgia

8.1

42

 

Illinois

7.7

42

North Carolina

8.1

43

 

Mississippi

7.7

43

Illinois

8.4

44

 

Alabama

7.9

44

Tennessee

8.5

45

 

Arizona

8.0

45

Nevada

9.7

46

 

Alaska

8.6

46

Maryland

10.0

47

 

Maryland

9.0

47

New Mexico

10.9

48

 

Nevada

9.1

48

Mississippi

11.4

49

 

New Mexico

9.8

49

Louisiana

12.8

50

 

Louisiana

10.7

50

State

2000

 

State

2001

rate

rank

 

rate

rank

North Dakota

0.6

1

 

South Dakota

0.9

1

South Dakota

0.9

2

 

North Dakota

1.1

2

Idaho

1.2

3

 

Vermont

1.1

3

Maine

1.2

4

 

Maine

1.4

4

Vermont

1.5

5

 

New Hampshire

1.4

5

Iowa

1.6

6

 

Iowa

1.7

6

Montana

1.8

7

 

Wyoming

1.8

7

New Hampshire

1.8

8

 

West Virginia

2.2

8

Utah

1.9

9

 

Idaho

2.3

9

Massachusetts

2.0

10

 

Massachusetts

2.3

10

Oregon

2.0

11

 

Minnesota

2.4

11

Wyoming

2.4

12

 

Oregon

2.4

12

West Virginia

2.5

13

 

Nebraska

2.5

13

CONNECTICUT

2.9

14

 

Hawaii

2.6

14

Hawaii

2.9

15

 

Delaware

2.9

15

Colorado

3.1

16

 

Utah

3.0

16

Minnesota

3.1

17

 

Washington

3.0

17

Delaware

3.2

18

 

CONNECTICUT

3.1

18

Wisconsin

3.2

19

 

Kansas

3.4

19

Washington

3.3

20

 

Colorado

3.6

20

New Jersey

3.4

21

 

Wisconsin

3.6

21

Nebraska

3.7

22

 

Rhode Island

3.7

22

Ohio

3.7

23

 

Montana

3.8

23

Alaska

4.3

24

 

New Jersey

4.0

24

Rhode Island

4.3

25

 

Ohio

4.0

25

Kentucky

4.8

26

 

Kentucky

4.7

26

Pennsylvania

4.9

27

 

New York

5.0

27

New York

5.0

28

 

Virginia

5.1

28

Oklahoma

5.3

29

 

Florida

5.3

29

Florida

5.6

30

 

Oklahoma

5.3

30

Virginia

5.7

31

 

Pennsylvania

5.3

31

Indiana

5.8

32

 

New Mexico

5.4

32

South Carolina

5.8

33

 

Arkansas

5.5

33

Texas

5.9

34

 

Alaska

6.1

34

California

6.1

35

 

North Carolina

6.2

35

Missouri

6.2

36

 

Texas

6.2

36

Arkansas

6.3

37

 

South Carolina

6.3

37

Kansas

6.3

38

 

California

6.4

38

Nevada

6.5

39

 

Missouri

6.6

39

Michigan

6.7

40

 

Michigan

6.7

40

Arizona

7.0

41

 

Indiana

6.8

41

North Carolina

7.0

42

 

Georgia

7.1

42

Illinois

7.2

43

 

Tennessee

7.4

43

Tennessee

7.2

44

 

Arizona

7.5

44

Alabama

7.4

45

 

Illinois

7.9

45

New Mexico

7.4

46

 

Maryland

8.3

46

Georgia

8.0

47

 

Alabama

8.5

47

Maryland

8.1

48

 

Nevada

8.5

48

Mississippi

9.0

49

 

Mississippi

9.9

49

Louisiana

12.5

50

 

Louisiana

11.2

50

State

2002

 

State

2003

rate

rank

 

rate

rank

North Dakota

0.8

1

 

Maine

1.2

1

New Hampshire

0.9

2

 

South Dakota

1.3

2

Maine

1.1

3

 

New Hampshire

1.4

3

South Dakota

1.4

4

 

Iowa

1.6

4

Iowa

1.5

5

 

Hawaii

1.7

5

Montana

1.8

6

 

Idaho

1.8

6

Hawaii

1.9

7

 

North Dakota

1.9

7

Oregon

2.0

8

 

Oregon

1.9

8

Utah

2.0

9

 

Massachusetts

2.2

9

Vermont

2.1

10

 

Rhode Island

2.3

10

Minnesota

2.2

11

 

Vermont

2.3

11

CONNECTICUT

2.3

12

 

Minnesota

2.5

12

Idaho

2.7

13

 

Utah

2.5

13

Massachusetts

2.7

14

 

Wyoming

2.8

14

Nebraska

2.8

15

 

Delaware

2.9

15

Wisconsin

2.8

16

 

CONNECTICUT

3.0

16

Kansas

2.9

17

 

Washington

3.0

17

Washington

3.0

18

 

Nebraska

3.2

18

Wyoming

3.0

19

 

Montana

3.3

19

Delaware

3.2

20

 

Wisconsin

3.3

20

West Virginia

3.2

21

 

West Virginia

3.5

21

Rhode Island

3.8

22

 

Colorado

3.9

22

New Jersey

3.9

23

 

Kansas

4.5

23

Colorado

4.0

24

 

Kentucky

4.6

24

Kentucky

4.5

25

 

Ohio

4.6

25

Ohio

4.6

26

 

New Jersey

4.7

26

New York

4.7

27

 

New York

4.9

27

Oklahoma

4.7

28

 

Missouri

5.0

28

Alaska

5.1

29

 

Pennsylvania

5.3

29

Pennsylvania

5.1

30

 

Florida

5.4

30

Arkansas

5.2

31

 

Indiana

5.5

31

Virginia

5.3

32

 

Virginia

5.6

32

Florida

5.5

33

 

Oklahoma

5.9

33

Missouri

5.8

34

 

Alaska

6.0

34

Indiana

5.9

35

 

New Mexico

6.0

35

Texas

6.0

36

 

Michigan

6.1

36

North Carolina

6.6

37

 

North Carolina

6.1

37

Michigan

6.7

38

 

Arkansas

6.4

38

Alabama

6.8

39

 

Texas

6.4

39

California

6.8

40

 

Alabama

6.6

40

Arizona

7.1

41

 

California

6.8

41

Georgia

7.1

42

 

Tennessee

6.8

42

Tennessee

7.2

43

 

Illinois

7.1

43

South Carolina

7.3

44

 

South Carolina

7.2

44

Illinois

7.5

45

 

Georgia

7.6

45

New Mexico

8.2

46

 

Arizona

7.9

46

Nevada

8.3

47

 

Nevada

8.8

47

Mississippi

9.2

48

 

Mississippi

9.3

48

Maryland

9.4

49

 

Maryland

9.5

49

Louisiana

13.2

50

 

Louisiana

13.0

50

MURDER RATE IN CONNECTICUT AND OTHER NORTHEASTERN STATES

Table 4 reports the murder rate per 100,000 people in Connecticut and other northeastern states from 1990 to 2003, and Graph 3 compares these rates.

Table 4: Murder Rate of Northeastern States per 100,000 People,

1990 - 2003

State

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

Connecticut

5.1

5.7

5.1

6.3

6.6

4.6

4.8

3.8

4.1

3.3

2.9

3.1

2.3

3.0

Maine

2.4

1.2

1.7

1.6

2.3

2.0

2

2

2

2.2

1.2

1.4

1.1

1.2

Massachusetts

4.0

4.2

3.6

3.9

3.5

3.6

2.6

1.9

2

2

2

2.3

2.7

2.2

New Hampshire

1.9

3.6

1.6

2.0

1.4

1.8

1.7

1.4

1.5

1.5

1.8

1.4

0.9

1.4

New Jersey

5.6

5.2

5.1

5.3

5.0

5.1

4.2

4.2

4.0

3.5

3.4

4

3.9

4.7

New York

14.5

14.2

13.2

13.3

11.1

8.5

7.4

6

5.1

5.0

5.0

5.0

4.7

4.9

Rhode Island

4.8

3.7

3.6

3.9

4.1

3.3

2.5

2.5

2.4

3.6

4.3

3.7

3.8

2.3

Vermont

2.3

2.1

2.1

3.6

1.0

2.2

1.9

1.5

2.2

2.9

1.5

1.1

2.1

2.3

MURDER RATES IN CERTAIN CONNECTICUT CITIES, 1990 – 2003

Table 5 reports the murder rate in the following five Connecticut cities on a yearly basis from 1990 through 2003: Bridgeport, Hartford, New Haven, Stamford, and Waterbury. Graph 4 compares these rates.

Table 5: Murder Rates in Five Connecticut Cities, 1990 - 2003

Cities

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

Bridgeport

40.9

35.9

40.3

43.8

36.6

24.8

33.1

25.6

23.1

21.8

13.6

10.6

8.6

10.6

Hartford

13.6

17.2

9.3

22.7

41.7

26.6

16.1

16.9

18.8

15.9

14.0

20.2

20.4

35.1

New Haven

23.8

26.0

23.0

17.8

25.8

17.6

18.4

17.6

12.0

9.7

14.6

15.1

7.2

NA

Stamford

9.3

9.2

6.5

7.4

5.6

3.7

5.6

0.9

2.7

2.7

0.9

0.8

1.7

1.7

Waterbury

4.6

8.3

11.0

18.7

7.5

8.7

12.6

7.7

6.6

2.8

11.2

6.4

4.6

4.6

Graph 4 shows the same information for these same cities.

MURDER RATES IN CERTAIN CITIES IN OTHER STATES

Table 6 indicates the number of murders and the murder rate in the following cities in 1990, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2003: Boston, Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, Miami, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Providence, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C.

Table 6: Murder Rate for 100,000 People in Certain Cities

for 1990, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2003

City

1990

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

Murder/ Pop.

Murder/ 100,000

Murder/ Pop.

Murder/ 100,000

Murder/ Pop.

Murder/ 100,000

Murder/ Pop.

Murder/ 100,000

Murder/ Pop.

Murder/ 100,000

Murder/ Pop.

Murder/ 100,000

Boston

143

24.9

96

17.4

39

6.8

65

11.0

60

10.1

39

6.6

 

574,283

 

550,715

 

570,888

 

591,944

 

596,444

 

589,795

 

Chicago

851

30.6

824

30.0

628

21.9

666

22.9

648

22.1

598

20.6

 

2,783,726

 

2,749,881

 

2,866,191

 

2,910,709

 

2,938,299

 

2,898,374

 

Denver

67

14.3

81

16.0

32

6.0

45

7.9

51

8.8

63

11.1

 

467,610

 

505,843

 

529,978

 

569,653

 

581,105

 

565,905

 

Los Angeles

983

28.2

849

24.5

550

14.8

588

15.6

654

17.1

515

13.4

 

3,485,398

 

3,466,211

 

3,713,238

 

3,763,486

 

3,830,561

 

3,838,838

 

Miami

129

36.0

110

29.0

66

16.9

66

17.7

65

17.1

74

19.4

 

358,548

 

378,720

 

390,540

 

371,863

 

379,044

 

381,651

 

Philadelphia

503

31.7

432

28.2

319

22.0

309

20.4

288

18.9

348

23.3

 

1,585,577

 

1,529,848

 

1,451,520

 

1,518,302

 

1,524,226

 

1,495,903

 

Pittsburgh

35

9.5

58

16.3

37

10.5

55

16.1

47

13.7

67

20.0

 

369,879

 

354,780

 

351,769

 

341,414

 

342,529

 

335,302

 

Providence

31

19.3

25

16.7

30

18.9

23

13.1

23

13.0

18

10.2

 

160,728

 

149,805

 

158,585

 

175,374

 

177,162

 

176,960

 

San Francisco

101

14.0

99

13.4

59

7.7

62

8.0

68

8.4

69

8.9

 

723,959

 

738,371

 

763,146

 

774,601

 

805,269

 

772,065

 

Washington, D.C.

472

77.8

361

65.2

239

41.8

232

40.6

264

46.2

248

44.0

 

606,900

 

554,000

 

572,059

 

571,822

 

570,898

 

563,384

 

GC/RO:ro