Topic:
STATISTICAL INFORMATION; ELECTIONS (GENERAL); CAMPAIGN FINANCE; CAMPAIGNS (GENERAL);
Location:
CAMPAIGNS - FINANCE;

OLR Research Report


August 2, 2005

 

2005-R-0604

CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES AND CONTRIBUTIONS IN CONNECTICUT 2000-2004

By: Kristin Sullivan, Research Analyst

The Institute on Money in State Politics (www.followthemoney.org) maintains campaign finance data by state, and the State Elections Enforcement Commission (SEEC) and the Office of the Secretary of the State (SOTS) maintain such information for Connecticut. This report contains statistics from these three sources on campaign expenditures and contributions in Connecticut during the 2000, 2002, and 2004 elections.

Table 1 shows campaign spending by legislative candidates during the 2000 and 2004 elections (summary information on the 2002 election is not readily available). In 2000, Senate and House candidates spent on average $42,823 and $13,080, respectively, and in 2004, they spent on average $71,603 and $16,767.

Table 2 shows the amount of money that statewide and legislative candidates raised (i.e., committee receipts) during the 2002 election. The maximum amount that a statewide office candidate raised was $6,582,070 and the minimum was $4,885. Senate and House candidates raised on average $49,342 and $15,884, respectively.

Table 3 summarizes data from the SEEC's 2000 and 2002 General Assembly Audit Programs. It breaks down contributions to legislative candidates by committees, individuals, and other sources, and through ad books purchases. In 2002, each source equaled roughly the same percent of total contributions as it did in 2000.

Finally, Table 4 shows campaign contributions by interest group as defined and classified by the Institute on Money in State Politics. For all three election years, lawyers, lobbyists, and party affiliates (e.g., committees or party officials) were the largest contributors proportionately.

TABLE 1: LEGISLATIVE CANDIDATE SPENDING IN THE 2000 AND 2004 ELECTIONS

 

Number of Committees Reporting

Minimum Expenditures of Committees Reporting

Maximum Reported Expenditures of Committees Reporting

Average Expenditures of Committees Reporting

Total Reported Expenditures

2000

Senate

57

$800

$203,745

$42,823

$2,440,896

House

230

0

85,506

13,080

3,008,322

TOTAL

5,449,218

2004

Senate

53

$150

$213,044

$71,603

$3,723,354

House

203

42

71,228

16,767

3,386,889

TOTAL

7,110,243

Source: OLR's review of candidates' “Statement of Receipts and Expenditures” (ED-45) filed with the SOTS (see reports 2001-R-0237 and 2005-R-0254)

TABLE 2: STATEWIDE AND LEGISLATIVE CANDIDATE RECEIPTS IN THE 2002 ELECTION

 

Number of Committees

Minimum Receipts

Maximum Receipts

Average Receipts

Total Receipts

Governor & Lt. Governor

2

$2,392,920

$6,582,070

*

$8,974,990

Secretary of the State

3

108,265

967,673

*

1,075,938

Comptroller

3

4,885

748,035

*

752,920

Attorney General

2

177,398

432,599

*

609,997

State Treasurer

4

279,853

581,751

*

861,604

Senate

75

0

274,957

49,342

3,704,413

House

299

0

91,882

15,884

4,850,183

TOTAL ESTIMATED RECEIPTS

20,830,045

Sources: (1) Institute on Money in State Politics for statewide candidates and (2) SOTS

* Average receipts for statewide offices are not given because in all cases, there were only two viable, major party committees whose receipts are represented in the Minimum and Maximum columns.

TABLE 3: LEGISLATIVE CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTIONS IN THE 2000 AND 2002 ELECTIONS

 

2000

2002*

 

Total Contributions

Percent of Total

Total Contributions

(to audited candidates)

Percent of Total

Ad Book Receipts

       

Senate

$424,902

 

248,120

 

House

589,302

 

297,850

 

Sub-total

1,014,204

14%

545,970

14%

Committee Contributions

       

Senate

1,231,370

 

706,657

 

House

1,358,514

 

633,196

 

Sub-total

2,589,884

37%

1,339,853

34%

Individual Contributions

       

Senate

1,132,971

 

805,705

 

House

1,986,775

 

1,062,847

 

Sub-total

3,119,746

45%

1,868,552

47%

Other Contributions

       

Senate

96,577

 

73,478

 

House

183,884

 

154,465

 

Sub-total

280,461

4%

227,943

6%

TOTAL

7,004,295

100%

3,982,319

100%

Source: SEEC

* Figures represent actual contributions to 197 out of 374 legislative candidates. The SEEC estimates that the contributions to all 374 candidates, not just those that it audited, totaled $7,964,632.

TABLE 4: CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTIONS BY INTEREST IN THE 2000, 2002, AND 2004 ELECTIONS

 

2000

2002*

(includes statewide races)

2004*

 

Total Contributions

Percent of Total

Total Contributions

Percent of Total

Total Contributions

Percent of Total

Total contributions**

Contributor

$8,937,281

100.00

$24,603,799

100.00

$11,657,529

100.00

Party

1,039,686

11.63

1,766,554

7.18

1,664,420

14.28

n Party Committees

896,473

-

1,454,304

-

1,131,963

-

n Leadership PACs

108,714

-

226,250

-

53,365

-

n Candidate Committees

24,689

-

748

-

458,547

-

n Republican Officials, Candidates, and Former Members

6,945

-

63,678

-

12,910

-

-Continued-

 

2000

2002*

(includes statewide races)

2004*

 

Total Contributions

Percent of Total

Total Contributions

Percent of Total

Total Contributions

Percent of Total

n Democratic Officials, Candidates, and Former Members

2,865

-

19,600

-

7,560

-

n Nonpartisan Officials, Candidates, and Former Members

N/A

N/A

1,675

-

N/A

-

n Third-Party Officials, Candidates, and Former Members

N/A

N/A

300

-

75

-

Lawyers & Lobbyists

846,644

9.47

2,322,172

9.44

870,611

7.47

Health

469,479

5.25

901,055

3.66

409,522

3.51

Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate

467,906

5.24

2,259,927

9.19

670,620

5.75

Other/Retiree/Civil Servants

424,642

4.75

2,256,569

9.17

676,384

5.80

General Business

387,154

4.33

1,022,018

4.15

301,155

2.58

Labor

382,895

4.28

851,463

3.46

520,967

4.47

Candidate Contributions

152,066

1.70

400,122

1.63

532,977

4.57

Construction

144,147

1.61

1,080,174

4.39

186,775

1.60

Energy and Natural Resources

129,605

1.45

276,035

1.12

83,420

0.72

Communications and Electronics

114,244

1.28

287,473

1.17

124,378

1.07

Transportation

78,840

0.88

249,600

1.01

85,260

0.73

Ideology/Single Issue

73,876

0.83

66,570

0.27

82,153

0.70

Agriculture

42,145

0.47

87,180

0.35

52,970

0.45

Defense

50

0.00

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Source: Institute on Money in State Politics

N/A means not applicable

* The Institute on Money in State Politics' data is 95% complete for election cycle.

** Contribution totals include contributions to party committees, not just candidates.

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