Substitute Senate Bill No. 1124
         Substitute Senate Bill No. 1124

              PUBLIC ACT NO. 97-200


AN ACT CONCERNING JURORS.


    Be it enacted  by  the  Senate  and  House  of
Representatives in General Assembly convened:
    Section 1. Subsection  (a) of section 12-15 of
the general statutes is repealed and the following
is substituted in lieu thereof:
    (a)  No officer  or  employee,  including  any
former officer or former employee, of the state or
of any other  person  who  has  or  had  access to
returns or return  information  in accordance with
subdivision (2) of  subsection (c) of this section
shall disclose any  return  or return information,
except as hereinafter  provided.  The commissioner
may disclose (1)  returns or return information to
another  state  agency  or  office,  upon  written
request by the head of such agency or office, when
required in the  course  of  duty or when there is
reasonable cause to  believe that any state law is
being violated, provided  no such agency or office
shall disclose such returns or return information,
other  than  in   a   judicial  or  administrative
proceeding to which  such  agency  or  office is a
party pertaining to  the enforcement of state law,
in  a  form  which  can  be  associated  with,  or
otherwise  identify,  directly  or  indirectly,  a
particular  taxpayer EXCEPT  THAT  THE  NAMES  AND
ADDRESSES OF JURORS  OR  POTENTIAL  JURORS AND THE
FACT THAT THE  NAMES WERE DERIVED FROM THE LIST OF
TAXPAYERS PURSUANT TO CHAPTER 884 MAY BE DISCLOSED
BY THE JUDICIAL  BRANCH;  (2)  returns  or  return
information to the  Auditors  of  Public Accounts,
when required in  the course of duty under chapter
23;  (3) returns  or  return  information  to  tax
officers  of  another   state  or  of  a  Canadian
province or of  a  political  subdivision  of such
other state or  province  or  of  the  District of
Columbia or to  any  officer  of the United States
Treasury   Department   or   the   United   States
Department   of   Health   and   Human   Services,
authorized for such  purpose in accordance with an
agreement between this state and such other state,
province, political subdivision,  the  District of
Columbia   or   department,   respectively,   when
required in the  administration  of  taxes imposed
under the laws  of  such  other  state,  province,
political subdivision, the District of Columbia or
the  United  States,   respectively,  and  when  a
reciprocal  arrangement  exists;  (4)  returns  or
return  information  in   any   action,   case  or
proceeding in any court of competent jurisdiction,
when  the  commissioner   or   any   other   state
department or agency  is  a  party,  and when such
information is directly  involved  in such action,
case  or  proceeding;   (5)   returns   or  return
information  to  a   taxpayer  or  its  authorized
representative, upon written  request for a return
filed by or  return  information on such taxpayer;
(6) returns to  a  successor,  receiver,  trustee,
executor,  administrator,  assignee,  guardian  or
guarantor  of  a   taxpayer,   when   such  person
establishes,   to   the    satisfaction   of   the
commissioner,  that he  has  a  material  interest
which will be affected by information contained in
such return; (7)  information to the assessor of a
Connecticut  municipality,  when  the  information
disclosed is limited  to  (A)  a  list  of real or
personal property that  is  or  may  be subject to
property taxes in  such municipality or (B) a list
containing the name  of  each person who is issued
any  license,  permit   or  certificate  which  is
required, under the  provisions  of this title, to
be conspicuously displayed and whose address is in
such municipality; (8)  real estate conveyance tax
return   information   or   controlling   interest
transfer tax return  information to the town clerk
of  a Connecticut  municipality;  AND  (9)  RETURN
INFORMATION TO THE  JURY  ADMINISTRATOR,  WHEN THE
INFORMATION DISCLOSED IS  LIMITED  TO  THE  NAMES,
ADDRESSES,  FEDERAL SOCIAL  SECURITY  NUMBERS  AND
DATES OF BIRTH, IF AVAILABLE, OF RESIDENTS OF THIS
STATE, AS DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION (1) OF SUBSECTION
(a) OF SECTION 12-701. Any person who violates any
provision of this  section shall be fined not more
than one thousand  dollars  or imprisoned not more
than one year or both.
    Sec. 2. Section 47a-45 of the general statutes
is repealed and  the  following  is substituted in
lieu thereof:
    If motion is made for a jury, the names of the
jurors to compose  a  six person panel to try such
cause shall be drawn, by the clerk of the court in
which the case  is  to be tried, from the jury box
in the same  manner as is provided by law in civil
cases. A sufficient number shall be drawn to allow
for three peremptory  challenges  on each side and
three peremptory challenges  shall  be  allowed to
each side. The  judge  shall excuse any juror whom
he finds disqualified to sit on such case. [Jurors
shall not be  drawn  from  the  town  in which the
premises wherein the alleged injury took place are
situated.] The jury  shall  be impaneled and sworn
to  inquire  into   the  complaint  brought  under
section 47a-43.
    Sec. 3. Section 51-217 of the general statutes
is repealed and  the  following  is substituted in
lieu thereof:
    (a) All jurors  shall be electors, or citizens
of the United  States  who  are  residents of this
state having a  permanent  place  of abode in this
state  and [are  listed  in  the  records  of  the
Department of Motor  Vehicles  as  persons to whom
motor vehicle operators' licenses have been issued
or, for the  juror  selection  process  commencing
September 1, 1997,] appear on the list compiled by
the Jury Administrator  under  subsection  (b)  of
section 51-222a, AS  AMENDED  BY SECTION 6 OF THIS
ACT, who have  reached  the  age  of  eighteen.  A
person shall be  disqualified  to serve as a juror
if such person  (1)  is  found  by  a judge of the
Superior Court to  exhibit  any quality which will
impair his capacity  to  serve  as a juror, except
that no person  shall be disqualified on the basis
of deafness or  hearing  impairment;  (2) has been
convicted of a  felony within the past seven years
or is a  defendant  in a pending felony case or is
in the custody  of the Commissioner of Correction;
(3)  is not  able  to  speak  and  understand  the
English language; (4)  is the Governor, Lieutenant
Governor,  Secretary  of   the  State,  Treasurer,
Comptroller or Attorney General; (5) is a judge of
the Superior Court,  Appellate  Court  or  Supreme
Court, IS A  FAMILY  SUPPORT  MAGISTRATE  or  is a
federal  court judge;  (6)  is  a  member  of  the
General Assembly, provided  such  disqualification
shall apply only  while the General Assembly is in
session; (7) is  seventy years of age or older and
chooses not to  perform  juror  service; or (8) is
incapable,  by reason  of  a  physical  or  mental
disability,   of  rendering   satisfactory   juror
service. Any person  claiming  a  disqualification
under  subdivision (8)  of  this  subsection  must
submit to the  Jury  Administrator a letter from a
licensed  physician stating  [the  nature  of  the
disability and] the  physician's opinion that such
disability  prevents  the  person  from  rendering
satisfactory  juror  service.   In  reaching  such
opinion, the physician  shall  apply the following
guideline: A person  shall be capable of rendering
satisfactory juror service  if such person is able
to  perform  a   sedentary   job  requiring  close
attention for six  hours  per day, with short work
breaks in the  morning and afternoon sessions, for
at least three consecutive business days.
    (b) The Jury  Administrator  may determine, in
such  manner  and   at  such  times  as  he  deems
feasible, whether any person is qualified to serve
as juror under this section and whether any person
may be excused for extreme hardship.
    Sec.  4.  Section   51-219a   of  the  general
statutes  is  repealed   and   the   following  is
substituted in lieu thereof:
    (a) The Jury  Administrator,  who is appointed
in accordance with  section  51-10  and subject to
supervision  by  the  Chief  Court  Administrator,
shall   be   responsible    for    [the    design,
implementation and maintenance  of  a computerized
electronic data processing system for] qualifying,
summoning,  selecting,  managing   and   utilizing
jurors in the Superior Court.
    (b) The Jury  Administrator,  subject  to  the
approval of the  Chief  Court Administrator, shall
have  the authority  to  study  and  to  implement
procedures   for   the    improvement    of   jury
administration,  for the  reduction  of  costs  of
selection and management  of  jurors,  and for the
more effective utilization of jurors.
    Sec.  5.  Section   51-220a   of  the  general
statutes  is  repealed   and   the   following  is
substituted in lieu thereof:
    Electronic   data   processing   and   similar
equipment may be  used  in  the selection, drawing
and summoning of jurors under this chapter. At his
election, the Jury  Administrator may enter into a
computerized data processing  file  [the  names of
persons  selected  by  jury  committees  of  towns
within any judicial  district  and  the  names  of
persons  selected  from   the   records   of   the
Department of Motor  Vehicles  pertaining to motor
vehicle operators' licenses as provided in section
51-222a,  or,  for  the  juror  selection  process
commencing  September  1,   1997,]  the  names  of
persons  appearing  on  the  list  compiled  under
subsection  (b)  of  [said]  section  51-222a,  AS
AMENDED BY SECTION  6  OF  THIS  ACT,  in order to
perform  [the following  tasks  with  the  use  of
equipment,  including electronic  data  processing
equipment: (1) The  drawing by lot or by random of
the names of  jurors  to  be summoned to any court
location  and  the   addressing   and  mailing  of
summonses for such  jurors; and (2) the furnishing
to  the clerk  of  court,  where  the  jurors  are
summoned to appear,  a set of slips containing the
names of the  jurors, a list in alphabetical order
by town and  by name within the town of the jurors
summoned to appear and such other documentation as
the Jury Administrator  deems feasible] ANY OF THE
DUTIES PRESCRIBED IN THIS CHAPTER.
    Sec.  6.  Section   51-222a   of  the  general
statutes  is  repealed   and   the   following  is
substituted in lieu thereof:
    (a) Annually, upon  the  request  of  the Jury
Administrator, the Commissioner  of Motor Vehicles
shall  supply  the  Jury  Administrator  with  the
latest  updated file  of  licensed  motor  vehicle
operators for the  state. [For the juror selection
process commencing September 1, 1997, and annually
thereafter,  upon  the   request   of   the   Jury
Administrator and subject  to any provision of the
general statutes prohibiting the disclosure of the
identity of individuals, the Commissioner of Motor
Vehicles shall supply  the Jury Administrator with
the most recent  updated list of residents of this
state who are  licensed motor vehicle operators or
registered motor vehicle owners under chapter 246,
the] UPON THE  REQUEST  OF THE JURY ADMINISTRATOR,
THE Commissioner of  Revenue Services shall supply
the  Jury  Administrator   with  the  most  recent
updated list of residents of this state who have a
permanent place of  abode  in  this  state and are
subject  to  taxation  on  personal  income  under
chapter 229 [, the Commissioner of Social Services
shall supply the  Jury Administrator with the most
recent updated list of residents of this state who
are recipients of public assistance] and the Labor
Commissioner shall supply  the  Jury Administrator
with the most  recent updated list of residents of
this  state who  are  recipients  of  unemployment
compensation under chapter  567. IN ADDITION, UPON
THE  REQUEST  OF   THE   JURY  ADMINISTRATOR,  THE
REGISTRAR OF VOTERS  OF  EACH  TOWN SHALL SUPPLY A
LIST OF ALL  ELECTORS FROM THEIR TOWN, EXCEPT THAT
IN LIEU OF SUCH LIST FROM THE REGISTRAR OF VOTERS,
THE JURY ADMINISTRATOR  MAY OBTAIN THE LIST OF ALL
ELECTORS FROM A  CENTRAL  REPOSITORY,  OR  IF SUCH
LIST  IS  NOT  AVAILABLE,  MAY  CONTRACT  FOR  THE
CREATION AND PURCHASE OF SUCH LIST. THE REGISTRARS
OF VOTERS SHALL  PROVIDE  LISTS OF ELECTORS TO THE
CONTRACTOR   AT   THE    REQUEST   OF   THE   JURY
ADMINISTRATOR.  THE LISTS  SUPPLIED  TO  THE  JURY
ADMINISTRATOR UNDER THIS  SUBSECTION  SHALL  BE IN
THE FORMAT PRESCRIBED  BY  THE  JURY ADMINISTRATOR
AND SHALL INCLUDE, AT A MINIMUM, THE NAME, ADDRESS
AND, IF AVAILABLE,  THE  FEDERAL  SOCIAL  SECURITY
NUMBER AND DATE  OF  BIRTH  OF EACH PERSON ON SUCH
LIST OR THE REASON FOR THE UNAVAILABILITY.
    (b)   [For   the   juror   selection   process
commencing  September  1,   1997,  the]  THE  Jury
Administrator shall compile a list of names [that,
subject to any  provision  of the general statutes
prohibiting  the disclosure  of  the  identity  of
individuals,  includes, but  is  not  limited  to,
names]  of  ELECTORS,   residents  of  this  state
appearing  on the  most  recent  updated  list  of
operators of motor  vehicles  licensed pursuant to
chapter 246, [owners  of motor vehicles registered
pursuant to chapter  246,]  residents  subject  to
taxation on personal  income  under chapter 229 [,
recipients of public  assistance,]  and recipients
of unemployment compensation  under  chapter  567.
[If the Jury  Administrator, in compiling the list
of names under  this  subsection,  determines that
any of the  specific  lists  of names set forth in
this subsection cannot  be  incorporated into such
compiled  list,  he  shall  notify  the  judiciary
committee of the  General  Assembly of the reasons
therefor not later than February 1, 1997.
    (c) On or  before February first of each year,
the Jury Administrator  shall  begin  to compile a
combined list of names for each town in the state.
The compilation of such list shall be performed in
the following manner:  (1)  The Jury Administrator
shall compare the names on the jury committee list
for each town  submitted under section 51-221 with
the names of  licensed motor vehicle operators for
each town received  under  subsection  (a) of this
section  or,  for   the  juror  selection  process
commencing September 1,  1997,  with  the names on
the list]
    (c)  ANNUALLY  THE  JURY  ADMINISTRATOR  SHALL
COMBINE THE NAMES  FROM  THE  LISTS compiled under
subsection  (b)  of   this   section.   The   Jury
Administrator   shall  delete,   where   possible,
duplicate names in  order  to  insure  that  names
occurring on any  list  are  given  only  a single
chance to be selected. [(2) The Jury Administrator
shall determine what  percentage of the voter list
of each town  is  selected to meet the requirement
established for such town under section 51-220. He
shall then use  such  percentage to draw a list of
names from the  licensed  motor vehicle operators'
list for such  town  or,  for  the juror selection
process commencing September  1,  1997,  the  list
compiled under subsection (b) of this section. (3)
The Jury Administrator  shall then (A) combine the
names from each  town jury committee list that did
not  appear  on   the   licensed   motor   vehicle
operators' list for  such  town  with  the list of
names selected from  the  licensed  motor  vehicle
operators' list for  such  town  or,  (B)  for the
juror selection process  commencing  September  1,
1997, after removing  duplicate names, combine the
remaining names on all lists.]
    (d)   [At  his   election,   the]   THE   Jury
Administrator  shall  select,  by  random  [or  by
rotation,] from the  list  compiled as provided in
subsection (c) of  this  section,  the  number  of
names required by  section 51-220. These names for
each town in  the  state  and the names of persons
whose jury service was continued from the previous
jury year shall  constitute such town's final list
of prospective jurors  for  service  starting  the
next succeeding September. The final list for each
town shall contain  the name and street address of
each prospective juror.
    (e) If the  Jury  Administrator  determines at
any time that  there  is  a need to supplement the
number of names  on  the  final list of jurors for
each town within  a  judicial  district,  the Jury
Administrator, so far  as he is able, shall select
in proportion to  the  population of each town, by
random,  [or by  rotation,]  from  the  names  not
selected  pursuant  to   subsection  (d)  of  this
section such number  of  prospective  jurors as he
determines is necessary.
    Sec. 7. Section 51-224 of the general statutes
is repealed and  the  following  is substituted in
lieu thereof:
    [If the jury  committee  of  any  town or city
fails to send  in  a  list  of  names of jurors as
provided in section 51-221 or fails to comply with
an order of  the Jury Administrator as provided in
subsection  (f)  of   section  51-221,  or]  IF  A
REGISTRAR OF VOTERS  OF  A  TOWN,  AFTER A REQUEST
FROM THE JURY  ADMINISTRATOR  PURSUANT  TO SECTION
51-222a, AS AMENDED  BY  SECTION  6  OF  THIS ACT,
FAILS   TO  PROVIDE   THE   LIST   TO   THE   JURY
ADMINISTRATOR  OR  TO   THE  JURY  ADMINISTRATOR'S
REPRESENTATIVE,  THE  JURY   ADMINISTRATOR   SHALL
NOTIFY  THE  STATE'S  ATTORNEY  FOR  THE  JUDICIAL
DISTRICT OF THE  TOWN FROM WHICH SUCH LIST HAS NOT
BEEN RECEIVED AND  SHALL, AT THE SAME TIME, NOTIFY
THE REGISTRAR OF  VOTERS  OF  SUCH  TOWN THAT SUCH
LIST HAS NOT  BEEN  RECEIVED.  IN ADDITION, if the
Jury Administrator HAS  NOT RECEIVED A LIST FROM A
REGISTRAR OF VOTERS  OF  A  TOWN,  AND  determines
there is a  need  for  additional jurors, the Jury
Administrator shall [,  so  far  as  he  is able,]
select from the  [electors of the town or city and
from the licensed  motor  vehicle  operators' list
or, for the  juror  selection  process  commencing
September 1, 1997,  from  the] list compiled under
subsection (b) of  section  51-222a, AS AMENDED BY
SECTION 6 OF  THIS  ACT,  the  names  of  as  many
persons as are  necessary to make up the number of
jurors provided for  that town or city, who are in
his judgment qualified and eligible to serve.
    Sec. 8. Section 51-234 of the general statutes
is repealed and  the  following  is substituted in
lieu thereof:
    The Office of  the  Chief  Court Administrator
shall provide a  suitable  assembly  room  in  the
courthouse for the common jury panel. [drawn under
the provisions of section 51-231.]
    Sec. 9. Section 51-232 of the general statutes
is repealed and  the  following  is substituted in
lieu thereof:
    (a) The [clerk  of  the  court  or  the]  Jury
Administrator  shall send  to  each  juror  drawn,
[under the provisions of section 51-231,] by first
class mail, a  notice  stating the place where and
the time when  he  is  to  appear  and such notice
shall constitute a  sufficient  summons  unless  a
judge  of  said   court  directs  that  jurors  be
summoned in some other manner.
    (b) Such summons  or  notice  shall also state
the  fact  that   a  juror  has  a  right  to  one
postponement of his  term of juror service for not
more than one  year  and  may  contain  any  other
information and instructions deemed appropriate by
the Jury Administrator.  If  the date to which the
juror  has postponed  jury  service  is  improper,
unavailable or inconvenient  for  the  court,  the
Jury Administrator shall  assign a date of service
which, if possible,  is  reasonably  close  to the
postponement  date selected  by  the  juror.  Such
notice or summons  shall  be made available to any
party or his  attorney in an action to be tried to
a jury.
    (c) The Jury  Administrator  shall  send  to a
prospective juror a  juror confirmation form and a
confidential     juror     questionnaire.     Such
questionnaire  shall include  questions  eliciting
the  juror's  name,   age,   race  and  ethnicity,
occupation,  education  and   information  usually
raised in voir dire examination. The questionnaire
shall   inform   the    prospective   juror   that
information  concerning  race   and  ethnicity  is
required solely to  enforce  nondiscrimination  in
jury  selection,  that   the  furnishing  of  such
information  is  not   a   prerequisite  to  being
qualified  for  jury   service   and   that   such
information  need  not   be   furnished   if   the
prospective juror finds it objectionable to do so.
Such  juror  confirmation  form  and  confidential
juror  questionnaire  shall   be   signed  by  the
prospective   juror   under   penalty   of   false
statement. Copies of  the completed questionnaires
shall be provided to the judge and counsel for use
during  voir  dire  or  in  preparation  therefor.
Counsel shall be required to return such copies to
the clerk of the court upon completion of the voir
dire. Except for  disclosure made during voir dire
or unless the  court orders otherwise, information
inserted by jurors  shall be held in confidence by
the  court,  the   parties,   counsel   and  their
authorized agents. Such  completed  questionnaires
shall not constitute a public record.
    (d) The number  of  jurors  in  a panel may be
reduced when, in  the  opinion  of the court, such
number  of  jurors  is  in  excess  of  reasonable
requirements. Such reduction by the clerk shall be
accomplished by lot  to  the  extent authorized by
the court and the jurors released shall be subject
to recall for jury duty only if and when required.
    (e) In each judicial district, the Chief Court
Administrator   shall  designate   one   or   more
courthouses to be  the  courthouse to which jurors
shall originally be summoned. THE COURT MAY ASSIGN
ANY JURORS OF  A JURY POOL TO ATTEND ANY COURTROOM
WITHIN THE JUDICIAL DISTRICT.
    Sec. 10. Sections 51-221, 51-222 and 51-231 of
the general statutes are repealed.

Approved June 26, 1997