House Bill No. 5256
               House Bill No. 5256

               PUBLIC ACT NO. 97-1


AN  ACT  CONCERNING  THE ISSUANCE OF MOTOR VEHICLE
LEARNERS' PERMITS.


    Be  it  enacted  by  the  Senate  and House of
Representatives in General Assembly convened:
    Section   1.  Section  14-36  of  the  general
statutes, as amended by section 2  of  public  act
95-181,  section  35  of  public  act  96-244  and
section 1 of public act 96-248,  is  repealed  and
the following is substituted in lieu thereof:
    (a)  Except  as  otherwise  provided  by  this
section  and  section  14-40a,  no  person   shall
operate  a  motor vehicle on any public highway of
this state or private road on which a speed  limit
has been established in accordance with subsection
(a) of section 14-218a until  he  has  obtained  a
motor vehicle operator's license.
    [(b)  (1)  On  or  after  January  1,  1997, a
person who is sixteen or seventeen  years  of  age
and  who  has  not  had a motor vehicle operator's
license or right to operate  a  motor  vehicle  in
this  state  or in any other state or jurisdiction
suspended or revoked may apply to the commissioner
for a learner's permit. The commissioner may issue
a learner's  permit  to  an  applicant  after  the
applicant has paid the examination fee required by
subsection (b) of section 14-50 and has passed all
parts   of   the   examination,   other  than  the
on-the-road  skills  test,  for  a  motor  vehicle
operator's  license  as required by subsection (d)
of  this  section.  The  learner's  permit   shall
entitle  the applicant, while he has the permit in
his  immediate  possession,  to  operate  a  motor
vehicle on the public highways for a period of not
less than one hundred eighty days, except that  it
shall not entitle the applicant to operate a motor
vehicle on a multiple-lane limited access  highway
until  ninety  days  after  the  date of issuance;
provided he  is  under  the  instruction  of,  and
accompanied  by,  a  person twenty years of age or
older who has been licensed  to  operate,  for  at
least  four  years  preceding  the  instruction, a
motor vehicle of  the  same  class  as  the  motor
vehicle  being  operated  and  who has not had his
motor vehicle operator's license suspended by  the
commissioner during the four-year period preceding
the instruction. No person may cause or permit the
operation  of  a  motor  vehicle by a person under
sixteen years of age.]
    (b)  (1)  A  PERSON  EIGHTEEN  YEARS OF AGE OR
OLDER MAY OPERATE A MOTOR VEHICLE WITHOUT A  MOTOR
VEHICLE OPERATOR'S LICENSE IF (A) HE HAS NOT HAD A
CONNECTICUT  MOTOR  VEHICLE   OPERATOR'S   LICENSE
SUSPENDED  OR  REVOKED  AND  (B)  HE  IS UNDER THE
INSTRUCTION OF, AND ACCOMPANIED BY, A  PERSON  WHO
HOLDS  AN  INSTRUCTOR'S  LICENSE  ISSUED UNDER THE
PROVISIONS OF SECTION 14-73  OR  A  PERSON  TWENTY
YEARS  OF  AGE  OR  OLDER WHO HAS BEEN LICENSED TO
OPERATE, FOR AT LEAST  FOUR  YEARS  PRECEDING  THE
INSTRUCTION,  A MOTOR VEHICLE OF THE SAME CLASS AS
THE MOTOR VEHICLE BEING OPERATED AND WHO  HAS  NOT
HAD HIS MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR'S LICENSE SUSPENDED
BY THE COMMISSIONER DURING  THE  FOUR-YEAR  PERIOD
PRECEDING  THE INSTRUCTION. (2) A person holding a
valid  out-of-state   motor   vehicle   operator's
license  may  operate a motor vehicle for a period
of thirty  days  following  his  establishment  of
residence  in Connecticut, if the motor vehicle is
of  the  same  class  as  that   for   which   his
out-of-state  motor vehicle operator's license was
issued. (3) NO PERSON  MAY  CAUSE  OR  PERMIT  THE
OPERATION  OF  A  MOTOR  VEHICLE BY A PERSON UNDER
SIXTEEN YEARS OF AGE.
    [(c)  (1)  No motor vehicle operator's license
shall be issued until (A) the applicant signs  and
files  with  the commissioner an application under
oath,  except  that   renewals   from   the   year
immediately  preceding  need  not  be  under oath,
stating  such  information  as  the   commissioner
requires,  and  (B)  the commissioner is satisfied
that the applicant is  sixteen  years  of  age  or
older  and  is  a  suitable  person to receive the
license. (2) An applicant for a new motor  vehicle
operator's license shall, in the discretion of the
commissioner, file, with the application,  a  copy
of  his  birth  certificate  or  other prima facie
evidence of his date  of  birth  and  evidence  of
identity.]
    (c)  (1) ON OR AFTER JANUARY 1, 1997, A PERSON
WHO IS SIXTEEN OR SEVENTEEN YEARS OF AGE  AND  WHO
HAS  NOT HAD A MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR'S LICENSE OR
RIGHT TO OPERATE A MOTOR  VEHICLE  IN  THIS  STATE
SUSPENDED OR REVOKED MAY APPLY TO THE COMMISSIONER
OF MOTOR VEHICLES  FOR  A  LEARNER'S  PERMIT.  THE
COMMISSIONER  MAY  ISSUE  A LEARNER'S PERMIT TO AN
APPLICANT AFTER THE APPLICANT HAS PASSED A  VISION
SCREENING  AND  TEST  AS  TO KNOWLEDGE OF THE LAWS
CONCERNING MOTOR VEHICLES AND  THE  RULES  OF  THE
ROAD,  HAS PAID THE FEE REQUIRED BY SUBSECTION (v)
OF SECTION 14-49,  AS  AMENDED  BY  SECTION  2  OF
PUBLIC ACT 96-248, AND HAS FILED A CERTIFICATE, IN
SUCH  FORM   AS   THE   COMMISSIONER   PRESCRIBES,
REQUESTING  OR  CONSENTING  TO THE ISSUANCE OF THE
LEARNER'S PERMIT AND THE MOTOR VEHICLE  OPERATOR'S
LICENSE,  SIGNED  BY  (A)  ONE  OR BOTH PARENTS OR
FOSTER  PARENTS   OF   THE   APPLICANT,   AS   THE
COMMISSIONER  REQUIRES,  (B) THE LEGAL GUARDIAN OF
THE APPLICANT, (C) THE APPLICANT'S SPOUSE, IF  THE
SPOUSE  IS  EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER, OR (D)
IF THE APPLICANT HAS NO QUALIFIED SPOUSE  AND  HIS
PARENT  OR  FOSTER  PARENT  OR  LEGAL  GUARDIAN IS
DECEASED, INCAPABLE, DOMICILED WITHOUT  THE  STATE
OR OTHERWISE UNAVAILABLE OR UNABLE TO SIGN OR FILE
THE CERTIFICATE, THE  APPLICANT'S  STEPPARENT,  OR
UNCLE  OR AUNT BY BLOOD OR MARRIAGE, PROVIDED SUCH
PERSON IS EIGHTEEN YEARS  OF  AGE  OR  OLDER.  THE
COMMISSIONER   MAY,   FOR   THE   MORE   EFFICIENT
ADMINISTRATION OF HIS DUTIES, APPOINT ANY DRIVERS'
SCHOOL  LICENSED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS
OF SECTION 14-69 OR ANY SECONDARY SCHOOL PROVIDING
INSTRUCTION IN MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATION AND HIGHWAY
SAFETY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 14-36e TO  ISSUE
A  LEARNER'S PERMIT, SUBJECT TO SUCH STANDARDS AND
REQUIREMENTS AS THE COMMISSIONER MAY PRESCRIBE  IN
REGULATIONS ADOPTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH CHAPTER 54.
EACH LEARNER'S PERMIT SHALL EXPIRE ON THE DATE THE
HOLDER  OF  THE  PERMIT  IS ISSUED A MOTOR VEHICLE
OPERATOR'S LICENSE  OR  ON  THE  DATE  THE  HOLDER
ATTAINS  THE  AGE  OF EIGHTEEN YEARS, WHICHEVER IS
EARLIER. (2) THE LEARNER'S  PERMIT  SHALL  ENTITLE
THE  HOLDER,  WHILE  HE  HAS  THE  PERMIT  IN  HIS
IMMEDIATE POSSESSION, TO OPERATE A  MOTOR  VEHICLE
ON THE PUBLIC HIGHWAYS, EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN THIS
SUBDIVISION, PROVIDED HE IS UNDER THE  INSTRUCTION
OF,  AND  ACCOMPANIED  BY,  A  PERSON WHO HOLDS AN
INSTRUCTOR'S LICENSE ISSUED UNDER  THE  PROVISIONS
OF  SECTION  14-73 OR A PERSON TWENTY YEARS OF AGE
OR OLDER WHO HAS BEEN LICENSED TO OPERATE, FOR  AT
LEAST  FOUR  YEARS  PRECEDING  THE  INSTRUCTION, A
MOTOR VEHICLE OF  THE  SAME  CLASS  AS  THE  MOTOR
VEHICLE  BEING  OPERATED  AND  WHO HAS NOT HAD HIS
MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR'S LICENSE SUSPENDED BY  THE
COMMISSIONER DURING THE FOUR-YEAR PERIOD PRECEDING
THE INSTRUCTION. THE LEARNER'S  PERMIT  SHALL  NOT
ENTITLE THE HOLDER TO OPERATE A MOTOR VEHICLE ON A
MULTIPLE-LANE LIMITED ACCESS HIGHWAY  UNTIL  SIXTY
DAYS   AFTER   THE   DATE  OF  ISSUANCE.  (3)  THE
COMMISSIONER MAY REVOKE ANY LEARNER'S PERMIT  USED
IN   VIOLATION   OF  THE  LIMITATIONS  IMPOSED  BY
SUBDIVISION (2) OF THIS SUBSECTION.
    [(d)  (1)  No motor vehicle operator's license
shall be issued to any person between sixteen  and
eighteen  years  of  age  unless a certificate, in
such  form   as   the   commissioner   prescribes,
requesting  or  consenting  to the issuance of the
license  has  been  signed  and  filed  with   the
commissioner  by (A) one or both parents or foster
parents of  the  applicant,  as  the  commissioner
requires, (B) the legal guardian of the applicant,
(C) the  applicant's  spouse,  if  the  spouse  is
eighteen  years  of  age  or  older, or (D) if the
applicant has no qualified spouse and  his  parent
or  foster  parent  or legal guardian is deceased,
incapable,  domiciled   without   the   state   or
otherwise  unavailable  or  unable to sign or file
the certificate, the  applicant's  stepparent,  or
uncle or aunt, by blood or marriage, provided such
person is eighteen years of age or older.  (2)  No
motor  vehicle  operator's license shall be issued
to any person between sixteen and  eighteen  years
of age unless the]
    (d)  (1)  NO  MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR'S LICENSE
SHALL BE ISSUED TO ANY APPLICANT WHO IS SIXTEEN OR
SEVENTEEN  YEARS  OF  AGE UNLESS THE APPLICANT HAS
HELD A LEARNER'S  PERMIT  AND  HAS  SATISFIED  THE
REQUIREMENTS  SPECIFIED  IN  THIS  SUBSECTION. THE
applicant SHALL  (A)  [presents]  PRESENT  to  the
commissioner   a  certificate  of  the  successful
completion in a public secondary school,  a  state
vocational school or a private secondary school of
a full course of study in motor vehicle  operation
prepared  as  provided  in  section  14-36e  or of
training of similar nature provided by a  licensed
drivers'  school  approved  by  the  commissioner,
including, in each case, successful completion  of
not    less    than    eight    clock   hours   of
behind-the-wheel,  on-the-road  instruction;   (B)
[presents]   PRESENT   to   the   commissioner   a
certificate of  the  successful  completion  of  a
course  of  not  less  than five hours relative to
safe driving practices, including a minimum of two
hours  on  the  nature and the medical, biological
and physiological effects of alcohol and drugs and
their  impact  on the operator of a motor vehicle,
the dangers associated with  the  operation  of  a
motor  vehicle after the consumption of alcohol or
drugs by the operator, the problems of alcohol and
drug  abuse  and  the  penalties  for  alcohol and
drug-related motor  vehicle  violations;  and  (C)
[passes] PASS an EXAMINATION WHICH SHALL INCLUDE A
COMPREHENSIVE TEST AS TO  KNOWLEDGE  OF  THE  LAWS
CONCERNING  MOTOR  VEHICLES  AND  THE RULES OF THE
ROAD AND AN on-the-road skills test as  prescribed
by  the  commissioner.  [after  he  has obtained a
learner's permit.] AT THE TIME OF APPLICATION  AND
EXAMINATION   FOR   A   MOTOR  VEHICLE  OPERATOR'S
LICENSE, AN APPLICANT SIXTEEN OR  SEVENTEEN  YEARS
OF  AGE SHALL HAVE HELD A LEARNER'S PERMIT FOR NOT
LESS THAN ONE HUNDRED EIGHTY DAYS, EXCEPT THAT  AN
APPLICANT   WHO   PRESENTS   A  CERTIFICATE  UNDER
SUBPARAGRAPH (A) OF THIS  SUBDIVISION  SHALL  HAVE
HELD  A  LEARNER'S  PERMIT  FOR  NOT LESS THAN ONE
HUNDRED  TWENTY  DAYS  AND  AN  APPLICANT  WHO  IS
UNDERGOING   TRAINING   AND   INSTRUCTION  BY  THE
HANDICAPPED DRIVER  TRAINING  UNIT  IN  ACCORDANCE
WITH  THE  PROVISIONS OF SECTION 14-11b SHALL HAVE
HELD SUCH PERMIT FOR THE PERIOD OF  TIME  REQUIRED
BY  SAID  UNIT. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles
shall approve the  content  of  the  safe  driving
instruction  at drivers' schools, high schools and
other  secondary  schools.  Such  five  hours   of
instruction  may  be  included  as  part  of or in
addition to any existing instruction programs. Any
fee   charged   for   the  course  required  under
subparagraph (B) of  this  subdivision  shall  not
exceed  twenty-five  dollars. THE COMMISSIONER MAY
WAIVE ANY REQUIREMENT IN THIS SUBDIVISION,  EXCEPT
FOR  THAT IN SUBPARAGRAPH (C) OF THIS SUBDIVISION,
IN THE CASE OF AN APPLICANT SIXTEEN  OR  SEVENTEEN
YEARS  OF  AGE  WHO  HOLDS  A  VALID MOTOR VEHICLE
OPERATOR'S LICENSE  ISSUED  BY  ANY  OTHER  STATE,
PROVIDED  THE  COMMISSIONER  IS SATISFIED THAT THE
APPLICANT HAS RECEIVED TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION OF
A  SIMILAR NATURE. (2) The commissioner may accept
as   evidence   of   sufficient   training   under
subparagraph   (A)   of   [this]   subdivision  [a
certificate] (1) OF THIS SUBSECTION HOME  TRAINING
AS  EVIDENCED BY A WRITTEN STATEMENT signed by the
spouse of a  married  minor  applicant,  or  by  a
parent,  grandparent,  foster  parent or the legal
guardian of an applicant  which  states  that  the
applicant  has obtained a learner's permit and has
successfully completed a driving course taught  by
the person signing the [certificate] STATEMENT and
that the signer has had an operator's license  for
at  least  four  years  preceding  the date of the
[certificate] STATEMENT or, if the  applicant  has
no  spouse,  parent, grandparent, foster parent or
guardian so qualified and available  to  give  the
instruction,  a  [certificate] STATEMENT signed by
the applicant's stepparent, brother, sister, uncle
or aunt, by blood or marriage, provided the person
signing the [certificate] STATEMENT is  qualified.
[The  commissioner  shall  provide  forms  for the
certificates, which shall be called home  training
certificates.  Each  such  certificate shall be on
file with the commissioner for a period of  ninety
days before the applicant may take the on-the-road
skills test.] (3) If the commissioner  requires  a
written  [examination] TEST of any applicant under
this section,  the  [examination]  TEST  shall  be
given  in  English or Spanish at the option of the
applicant, provided the commissioner shall require
that   the   applicant   shall   have   sufficient
understanding of English for the interpretation of
traffic  control  signs.  (4)  The Commissioner of
Motor   Vehicles   may   adopt   regulations,   in
accordance  with  the provisions of chapter 54, to
implement  the   purposes   of   this   subsection
concerning the content of safe driving instruction
at  drivers'  schools,  high  schools  and   other
secondary schools.
    (e)  (1)  NO  MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR'S LICENSE
SHALL BE ISSUED UNTIL (A) THE APPLICANT SIGNS  AND
FILES  WITH  THE COMMISSIONER AN APPLICATION UNDER
OATH,  EXCEPT  THAT   RENEWALS   FROM   THE   YEAR
IMMEDIATELY  PRECEDING  NEED  NOT  BE  UNDER OATH,
STATING  SUCH  INFORMATION  AS  THE   COMMISSIONER
REQUIRES,  AND  (B)  THE COMMISSIONER IS SATISFIED
THAT THE APPLICANT IS  SIXTEEN  YEARS  OF  AGE  OR
OLDER  AND  IS  A  SUITABLE  PERSON TO RECEIVE THE
LICENSE. (2) AN APPLICANT FOR A NEW MOTOR  VEHICLE
OPERATOR'S LICENSE SHALL, IN THE DISCRETION OF THE
COMMISSIONER, FILE, WITH THE APPLICATION,  A  COPY
OF  HIS  BIRTH  CERTIFICATE  OR  OTHER PRIMA FACIE
EVIDENCE OF HIS DATE  OF  BIRTH  AND  EVIDENCE  OF
IDENTITY.  (3)  Before  granting  a license to any
applicant  who   has   not   PREVIOUSLY   held   a
Connecticut  motor  vehicle operator's license, OR
WHO HAS NOT OPERATED A MOTOR  VEHICLE  during  the
preceding   two   years,  the  commissioner  shall
require the applicant to demonstrate personally to
him, his deputy or a motor vehicle inspector or an
agent of the commissioner, in such manner  as  the
commissioner  directs,  that  the  applicant  is a
proper person to operate  motor  vehicles  of  the
class  for  which  he  has applied, has sufficient
knowledge of the mechanism of the  motor  vehicles
to  ensure  their  safe  operation  by him and has
satisfactory  knowledge  of  the  laws  concerning
motor  vehicles  and the rules of the road. If any
such applicant has held a license  from  a  state,
territory or possession of the United States where
a similar examination is required, or if any  such
applicant is a person honorably separated from the
United States armed forces who applies within  two
years  following  the separation and who, prior to
the separation, held a military operator's license
for  motor  vehicles of the same class as that for
which he has applied, the commissioner  may  waive
part  or all of the examination in his discretion.
When the  commissioner  is  satisfied  as  to  the
ability  and  competency  of any applicant, he may
issue  to  him  a  license,  either  unlimited  or
containing  such  limitations  as the commissioner
deems advisable, and specifying the class of motor
vehicles   which   the  licensee  is  eligible  to
operate. (4) If any applicant or operator  license
holder  has  any health problem which might affect
such person's ability to operate a  motor  vehicle
safely, the commissioner may require the applicant
or license holder  to  demonstrate  personally  or
otherwise  establish  that,  notwithstanding  such
problem, he is a proper person to operate a  motor
vehicle,  and he may further require a certificate
of such applicant's condition, signed by a medical
authority  designated  by  him,  which certificate
shall in all cases be treated as  confidential  by
the   commissioner.  A  license,  containing  such
limitation as the  commissioner  deems  advisable,
may  be issued or renewed in any case, but nothing
in this section shall be construed to prevent  the
commissioner   from  refusing  a  license,  either
limited or unlimited, to any person or  suspending
a  license  of  a  person whom he determines to be
incapable of safely  operating  a  motor  vehicle.
Consistent  with  budgetary allotments, each motor
vehicle operator's license issued to or renewed by
a  deaf  or  hearing  impaired person [on or after
October 1, 1983,] shall, upon the request of  such
person,  indicate  such  impairment.  Such  person
shall   submit   a   certificate   stating    such
impairment,  in  such form as the commissioner may
require and  signed  by  a  licensed  health  care
practitioner.
    (f)  No  person issued a limited license shall
operate (1) a motor vehicle in  violation  of  the
limitations  imposed  by  such  license or (2) any
motor vehicle other than  the  motor  vehicle  for
which his right to operate is limited.
    (g)  Any  person who violates any provision of
[subsection (a), (b), (c), (d)  or  (f)  of]  this
section  shall,  for a first offense, be deemed to
have committed an infraction and be fined not less
than  seventy-five  dollars  nor  more than ninety
dollars and, for any subsequent offense, shall  be
fined  not less than two hundred fifty dollars nor
more  than  three  hundred  fifty  dollars  or  be
imprisoned not more than thirty days or both.
    (h)  As used in this section, the words "motor
vehicle"  shall  not  be  construed   to   include
"motorcycle".
    (i)  THE  COMMISSIONER  OF  MOTOR VEHICLES MAY
ADOPT REGULATIONS IN ACCORDANCE WITH CHAPTER 54 TO
IMPLEMENT THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION.
    Sec.  2. Section 14-50 of the general statutes
is repealed and the following  is  substituted  in
lieu thereof:
    (a)  Subject  to  the  provisions  of  section
14-41,  there  shall   be   charged   a   fee   of
[thirty-one]  THIRTY-FIVE  dollars AND FIFTY CENTS
for each renewal of  a  motor  vehicle  operator's
license  and  an  additional  fee  of [eight] NINE
dollars  for  each   year   for   each   passenger
endorsement.  [On  and  after  July  1, 1992, such
renewal fee shall be thirty-five dollars and fifty
cents  and  such  additional  fee  shall  be  nine
dollars.]  There  shall  be  charged  a   fee   of
[thirty-two] THIRTY-SEVEN dollars for each renewal
of a motorcycle operator's license; except that  a
person   who  holds  a  motor  vehicle  operator's
license shall not be charged a fee for the renewal
of  a  motorcycle  operator's license if he renews
said motor vehicle  operator's  license.  [On  and
after  July  1,  1992,  such  renewal fee shall be
thirty-seven dollars.]
    (b)   There   shall   be   charged   for  each
examination of an  operator  of  a  motorcycle  or
other  motor  vehicle  a  fee  of [ten] THIRTY-SIX
dollars.  [On  and  after  July  1,   1985,   such
examination  fee  shall be fifteen dollars, on and
after July 1, 1989, twenty-three dollars,  on  and
after  July  1,  1991, twenty-nine dollars and, on
and after July 1, 1993, thirty-six dollars.] There
may be charged for each advance appointment for an
operator's license examination a  fee  of  fifteen
dollars   which   fee   shall   be   paid  to  the
commissioner at least six business days  prior  to
the  date  of the appointment and shall be applied
toward the examination fee if the applicant  keeps
the  appointment.  If  the applicant fails to keep
the appointment,  the  appointment  fee  shall  be
forfeited,  unless  (1)  in  the  judgment  of the
commissioner, the applicant's failure to keep  the
appointment  was  due to exigent circumstances, or
(2) the applicant reschedules the appointment.
    (c)   The   commissioner   shall   waive   the
operator's license fee and examination fee in  the
case  of  any  person in the active service of the
armed forces of the United States who was a  legal
resident   of  Connecticut  at  the  time  of  his
induction; and for one  licensing  period  to  any
person  honorably  separated from such service who
applies therefor within two  years  following  the
date  of  separation  and  was a legal resident of
Connecticut at the time of his induction.
    (d)  Upon  request by the chief of any regular
fire  department   or   volunteer   fire   company
operating   in   the  state  of  Connecticut,  the
commissioner   shall    waive    the    operator's
examination  fee  in the case of any member of any
such fire department or company who applies for  a
class  1 operator's license as provided in section
14-36a.  The  applicant  for  such  license  shall
satisfy  all  prerequisites  for the issuance of a
class 1 license.
    (e)  The  commissioner  may  assess  a  fee to
cover the cost of the collection of number plates,
motor   vehicle   registration   certificates   or
operators' licenses, upon the holders thereof; and
such  number  plates,  motor  vehicle registration
certificates or operators' licenses shall  not  be
returned  to  the holder thereof or reissued until
such fee is paid.
    (f)   Whenever   any   check   issued  to  the
commissioner in payment of any fee is returned  as
uncollectible,  the  commissioner shall charge the
drawer of such check or the person presenting such
check to him a fee of [ten] THIRTY-SIX dollars for
each such check which is drawn in an amount of not
more than one hundred dollars and [ten] THIRTY-SIX
per cent of the full amount  of  each  such  check
which  is  drawn  in  an  amount  in excess of one
hundred dollars, plus all protest fees,  to  cover
the  cost  of  collection.  [On  and after July 1,
1985, such fee shall be fifteen  dollars,  on  and
after  July  1, 1989, twenty-three dollars, on and
after July 1, 1991, twenty-nine  dollars,  and  on
and after July 1, 1993, thirty-six dollars. On and
after July 1, 1985, such fee for any  check  drawn
in  excess of one hundred dollars shall be fifteen
per cent, on and after July 1, 1989,  twenty-three
per  cent,  on and after July 1, 1991, twenty-nine
per  cent,  and  on  and  after  July   1,   1993,
thirty-six  per  cent,  of the full amount of such
check.]
    [(g)  A  fee  of five dollars shall be charged
by the commissioner for the issuance of each  home
training certificate as provided in subsection (d)
of section 14-36. On and after July 1, 1992,  such
fee shall be six dollars.]
    [(h)]  (g)  All  fees  provided  for  in  this
chapter shall be  construed  to  be  license  fees
imposed for the administration of this chapter and
as compensation for the  privilege  of  using  the
highways of this state, and to reimburse the state
in whole  or  in  part  for  injury  done  to  the
highways by the operation of motor vehicles.
    Sec.   3.   Section   14-214  of  the  general
statutes, as amended by section 3  of  public  act
96-248,   is   repealed   and   the  following  is
substituted in lieu thereof:
    Any  licensed  operator, being twenty years of
age OR OLDER and having had an operator's  license
to  operate  a  motor vehicle of the same class as
the motor vehicle being operated for at least four
years  preceding the date of such instruction, may
instruct a  person  sixteen  or  [more]  SEVENTEEN
years  of  age who holds a learner's permit issued
in accordance with subsection [(b)] (c) of section
14-36,  AS  AMENDED BY SECTION 1 OF THIS ACT, OR A
PERSON WHO IS EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE OR  OLDER,  in
the  operation  of  a motor vehicle. Any person so
instructing  another  in  the  use  of  any  motor
vehicle  shall  be  responsible  for the operation
thereof.  Violation  of  any  provision  of   this
section shall be an infraction.
    Sec.  4.  This  act shall take effect from its
passage.

Approved January 30, 1997