CHAPTER 579*

CONNECTICUT INNOVATIONS, INCORPORATED

*Delegation of legislative power to a private corporation is not unconstitutional; act sufficiently states a public purpose although it is not spelled out with specificity and is not unconstitutional because it might incidentally benefit particular industries or lending institutions; legislature may delegate authority if adequate standards are laid out for guidance of agency. 150 C. 333.

Table of Contents

Secs. 32-10 and 32-11. Definitions. Connecticut Industrial Building Commission.

Sec. 32-11a. Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated. Successor agency to Connecticut Development Authority.

Sec. 32-11b. Definitions.

Sec. 32-11c. Transfer of duties, obligations, purposes and procedures.

Sec. 32-11d. Agreements to facilitate transfers. Support.

Sec. 32-11e. Corporation subsidiaries.

Sec. 32-11f. Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated substituted for Connecticut Development Authority.

Secs. 32-12 and 32-13. Executive secretary. Powers of commission.

Sec. 32-14. Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund.

Sec. 32-15. Applications for insurance.

Sec. 32-16. Insurance of mortgages and loans on economic development projects and information technology projects.

Sec. 32-16a. Industrial Pollution Abatement Loan Fund.

Sec. 32-17. Proceedings on default by mortgagor.

Sec. 32-17a. Procedure on default by mortgagor or borrower.

Sec. 32-18. Insurance premiums.

Sec. 32-19. Insured mortgages as legal investments.

Secs. 32-20 and 32-21. Accounts; use of fund. Commission members not to act on contracts in which they have interest.

Sec. 32-22. Bond issue.

Sec. 32-22a. Written procedures. Contracts.

Sec. 32-22b. Loan guarantees for brownfield projects.

Sec. 32-23. Industrial Building Operating Expense Fund.

Sec. 32-23a. Allocation of mortgage insurance premiums.

Sec. 32-23b. Short title.

Sec. 32-23c. Legislative finding.

Sec. 32-23d. Definitions.

Sec. 32-23e. Powers of the corporation.

Sec. 32-23f. Bonds and notes.

Sec. 32-23g. Disposition of authority funds.

Sec. 32-23h. Exemption from state and local taxes and assessments. Payments in lieu of taxes. Approvals of pollution control facilities.

Sec. 32-23i. Bonds as legal investments.

Sec. 32-23j. Payment of bonds to be obligation of corporation. Capital reserve funds. Annual appropriation.

Sec. 32-23k. State pledge to bond holders and contractors.

Sec. 32-23l. Industrial and commercial development. Powers of Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated.

Sec. 32-23m. Liberal construction.

Sec. 32-23n. Economic assistance grants for the industrial projects in areas of high unemployment.

Sec. 32-23o. Small Contractors’ Revolving Loan Fund. Loans authorized by the corporation. Transfer of certain funds to the Connecticut Growth Fund.

Sec. 32-23p. Loans by the corporation in areas of high unemployment.

Sec. 32-23q. Exemption from maximum interest and charges on loans.

Sec. 32-23r. Preference in employment by borrowers and mortgagees.

Sec. 32-23s. Interpretation of certain amendments.

Sec. 32-23t. Legislative finding.

Sec. 32-23u. Consolidation of financial assistance programs.

Sec. 32-23v. Connecticut Growth Fund.

Sec. 32-23w. Consolidation of financial assistance programs.

Sec. 32-23x. Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund.

Sec. 32-23y. Pending applications for financial assistance under consolidated programs funded from Connecticut Growth Fund or Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund.

Sec. 32-23z. Business Environmental Clean-Up Revolving Loan Fund. Regulations.

Sec. 32-23aa. Compliance with state laws and regulations prerequisite for financial assistance.

Sec. 32-23bb. Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund consolidated into Connecticut Growth Fund.

Secs. 32-23cc to 32-23ff. Reserved

Sec. 32-23gg. Legislative determination.

Sec. 32-23hh. Definitions.

Sec. 32-23ii. Connecticut Works Fund. Subfunds.

Sec. 32-23jj. Considerations in reviewing application.

Sec. 32-23kk. Contract of insurance.

Sec. 32-23ll. Bond issue.

Secs. 32-23mm to 32-23oo. Reserved

Sec. 32-23pp. Policy to encourage pollution prevention and remediation.

Sec. 32-23qq. Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund. Subfunds.

Sec. 32-23rr. Definitions.

Sec. 32-23ss. Bond issue.

Sec. 32-23tt. Definitions.

Sec. 32-23uu. Connecticut job training finance program.

Sec. 32-23vv. Connecticut job training finance demonstration program.

Sec. 32-23ww. Displaced Defense Workers’ Bill of Rights.

Sec. 32-23xx. Electronic Superhighway Act of 1994.

Sec. 32-23yy. High-Technology Infrastructure Fund.

Sec. 32-23zz. Issuance of bonds on behalf of municipalities for information technology projects and remediation projects.


Secs. 32-10 and 32-11. Definitions. Connecticut Industrial Building Commission. Sections 32-10 and 32-11 are repealed.

(1961, P.A. 542, S. 1, 2; 1963, P.A. 601, S. 1; February, 1965, P.A. 494, S. 1–3; 1971, P.A. 503, S. 1; 1972, P.A. 195, S. 26.)

Sec. 32-11a. Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated. Successor agency to Connecticut Development Authority. (a) There is hereby created as a body politic and corporate, constituting a public instrumentality and political subdivision of the state created for the performance of an essential public and governmental function, Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, which is empowered to carry out the purposes of the corporation, which are hereby determined to be public purposes for which public funds may be expended. Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, shall not be construed to be a department, institution or agency of the state.

(b) All notes, bonds or other obligations issued by the Connecticut Development Authority or the Connecticut Development Commission for the financing of any project or projects shall be in accordance with their terms of full force and effect and valid and binding upon Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, as the successor to the Connecticut Development Authority and with respect to any resolution, contract, deed, trust agreement, mortgage, conditional sale or loan agreement, commitment, obligation or liability or other such document, public record, right, remedy, special act or public act, obligation, liability or responsibility pertaining thereto, the corporation shall be, and shall be deemed to be, the successor to the Connecticut Development Authority. All properties, rights in land, buildings and equipment and any funds, moneys, revenues and receipts or assets of such commission pledged or otherwise securing any such notes, bonds or other obligations shall belong to the corporation as successor to the Connecticut Development Authority, subject to such pledges and other security arrangements and to agreements with the holders of the outstanding notes, bonds or other obligations. Any resolution with respect to the issuance of bonds of the commission for the purposes of the act and any other action taken by the commission with respect to assisting in the financing of any project shall be, or shall be deemed to be, a resolution of the corporation or an action taken by the corporation subject only to any agreements with the holders of outstanding notes, bonds or other obligations of the commission.

(c)–(j) Repealed by June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 292.

(k) Repealed by P.A. 00-136, S. 9.

(l) Repealed by June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 292.

(P.A. 73-599, S. 5; P.A. 75-60, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-370, S. 8, 13; 77-614, S. 19, 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 106, 107, 136; P.A. 81-384, S. 1, 13; P.A. 84-512, S. 17, 18, 30; P.A. 88-225, S. 8, 14; 88-265, S. 1, 2, 36; 88-266, S. 11, 46; P.A. 93-382, S. 2, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1, S. 41, 45; P.A. 95-249, S. 2, 4; 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 97-219, S. 1; P.A. 98-253, S. 7; P.A. 99-30, S. 2; P.A. 00-136, S. 9; P.A. 01-179, S. 4–6; P.A. 03-19, S. 74, 75; P.A. 11-48, S. 123; 11-80, S. 1; 11-140, S. 12; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 167, 292.)

History: P.A. 75-60 included references to stockholders in Subsec. (f); P.A. 77-370 added Subsec. (i) re disclosure of information; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of finance and control with secretary of the office of policy and management and, effective January 1, 1979, replaced commissioner and department of commerce with commissioner and department of economic development; P.A. 78-303 deleted references to Sec. 4-60a in Subsecs. (a) and (c); P.A. 81-384 added “proprietor” to Subsec. (f) concerning conflicts of interest; P.A. 84-512 deleted references to Secs. 4-5 and 4-24a in Subsecs. (a) and (c); P.A. 88-225 amended Subsec. (f) to apply provisions to individuals “having financial interest in any person”; P.A. 88-265 made technical changes and removed the Connecticut development authority from the department of economic development in Subsec. (a) and made technical changes re appointment of members, added reporting requirements and exempted the authority from the requirements of Sec. 4-9a in Subsec. (c); P.A. 88-266 amended Subsec. (a) by inserting reference to governmental function and providing that the authority shall not be construed to be department, institution or agency of state, amended Subsec. (c) by inserting reference to board of directors of the authority, requiring chairperson of board to be appointed by governor with advice and consent of general assembly instead of requiring that commissioner of economic development be chairman and substituting “board” for “authority”, designated provisions in Subsec. (c) re delegation of powers and duties as Subsec. (d) and in that Subsec. authorized board to delegate powers and duties to three or more of its members, at least one of whom shall not be a state employee, instead of to one or more its members, or its officers, agent or employees, added Subsec. (e) re adoption of written procedures, relettered former Subsecs. (d), (e), (f), (g), (h) and (i) as Subsecs. (f), (g), (h), (i), (j) and (k), respectively, and, in said Subsecs., added “board of directors of the” and substituted “board” for “authority”; (Revisor’s note: In 1993 the obsolete references in Subsecs. (a) and (c) to repealed Sec. 36-322 were deleted editorially and the wording adjusted accordingly); P.A. 93-382 amended Subsec. (c) to require authority to report semiannually instead of annually and also submit reports to auditors of public accounts and general assembly committee having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and to substantially revise content of reports, effective July 1, 1993; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1 amended Subsec. (c) to add four legislative appointments to the board of directors, to revise length of terms of gubernatorial appointees and to specify term length for legislative appointees and to clarify procedure for filling unexpired terms, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-249 amended Subsec. (e)(6) to require board to adopt procedures for deadlines for approving or disapproving assistance applications, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 97-219 amended Subsec. (c) to require semiannual reports to include data re final applications approved, withdrawn, disapproved and not acted on; P.A. 98-253 added Subsec. (l) re establishment of subsidiaries for redevelopment of contaminated real property (Revisor’s note: In Subsec. (l)(2)(iv) the Revisors editorially changed the phrase “... or enter into contracts therefore” to “... or enter into contracts therefor”); P.A. 99-30 changed a requirement for a biannual report regarding financial assistance provided by the authority to an annual report; P.A. 00-136 repealed Subsec. (k) which had exempted information contained in applications for financial assistance and all information obtained by the authority or the department from provisions of Sec. 1-210(a); P.A. 01-179 amended Subsec. (a) to redefine the purposes of the authority by deleting former references and adding reference to Sec. 32-23d(t), amended Subsec. (c) by making technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality and, re duties for which the members of the authority may be reimbursed, by deleting former references and adding provision re authority legislation as defined in Sec. 32-23d(hh) and amended Subsec. (l)(6) to add provisions authorizing the authority to make grants to or guarantee obligations of subsidiaries; P.A. 03-19 made technical changes in Subsecs. (c) and (l)(6), effective May 12, 2003; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (c) by replacing provision re chairperson of board appointed by Governor with advice and consent of both houses of General Assembly with provision re chairperson of board to be Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and by replacing “Standard Industrial Classification Manual” with “North American Industrial Classification System”, effective July 1, 2011; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” and “Department of Environmental Protection” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection” and “Department of Energy and Environmental Protection”, respectively, in Subsec. (l), effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-140 amended Subsec. (c) to specify that chairperson of board shall be Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, rather than appointed by Governor, to add provisions re confidentiality for gross revenue information of recipients that do not make such information public and to add provisions allowing Governor and specific legislators to examine revenue data in confidence and permitting disclosure of such data to legislative committee members, effective July 1, 2011; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 replaced references to Connecticut Development Authority with references to Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated and made conforming changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b) and repealed Subsecs. (c) to (j) and (l), effective July 1, 2012.

Subsec. (c):

Cited. 230 C. 24.

Sec. 32-11b. Definitions. As used in sections 32-11c to 32-11e, inclusive, “authority” means the Connecticut Development Authority established pursuant to section 32-11a and “corporation” means Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, established pursuant to section 32-35.

(June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 147.)

History: June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 effective June 15, 2012.

Sec. 32-11c. Transfer of duties, obligations, purposes and procedures. (a) In accordance with the provisions of section 4-38d, which shall be deemed applicable to the transfers provided for herein, all powers and duties of the authority under the provisions of this chapter, and under any other provisions of the general statutes setting forth powers or duties of the authority, shall be transferred to the corporation. On and after July 1, 2012, the Connecticut Brownfields Redevelopment Authority shall be a subsidiary of the corporation.

(b) All notes, bonds or other obligations issued by the authority for the financing of any project or projects, including any general obligation bonds of the authority, shall be in accordance with their terms of full force and effect and valid and binding upon the corporation as the successor to the authority, and with respect to any resolution, contract, deed, trust agreement, mortgage, conditional sale or loan agreement, pledge, security arrangement, commitment, obligation or liability or other such document, public record, right, remedy, special act or public act, obligation, liability or responsibility pertaining thereto, the corporation shall be, and shall be deemed to be, the successor to the authority. All properties, rights in land, buildings and equipment and any funds, moneys, revenues and receipts or assets of such authority pledged or otherwise securing any such notes, bonds or other obligations shall belong to the corporation as successor to the authority, subject to such pledges and other security arrangements and to agreements with the holders of the outstanding notes, bonds or other obligations. Any resolution with respect to the issuance of bonds of the authority, and any other action taken by the authority with respect to assisting in the financing of any project shall be, or shall be deemed to be, a resolution of the corporation or an action taken by the corporation subject only to any agreements with the holders of outstanding notes, bonds or other obligations of such authority.

(c) To carry out the purposes of the authority as defined in section 32-23c and the purposes of the corporation as set forth in section 32-39, the corporation shall have and may exercise all of the powers of the authority set forth in this chapter as of July 1, 2012, and all of the powers of the corporation set forth in chapter 581.

(d) Whenever the term “Connecticut Development Authority” is used or referred to in the general statutes, the term “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” shall be substituted in lieu thereof.

(e) The procedures of the authority, adopted pursuant to section 1-121, shall remain in full force and effect with respect to any matter before the corporation.

(f) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to limit the powers exercised by the authority or the corporation before July 1, 2012.

(June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 148.)

History: June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-11d. Agreements to facilitate transfers. Support. (a) From June 15, 2012, to July 1, 2012, the authority and the corporation may enter into any agreements, including agreements with third parties, that are necessary or convenient to facilitate the assignment to and assumption by the corporation of the rights and responsibilities of the authority pursuant to section 32-11c, provided no consent of any third party and no instrument of assumption or assignment shall be required to give effect to the transfers provided for in section 32-11c.

(b) The authority shall provide to the corporation such professional and clerical support, facilities, equipment and supplies during the period from June 15, 2012, to July 1, 2012, as may be necessary to prepare for and complete the transfers contemplated by section 32-11c.

(June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 149.)

History: June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 effective June 15, 2012.

Sec. 32-11e. Corporation subsidiaries. (a) The corporation may form one or more subsidiaries to carry out the public purposes of the corporation and may transfer to any such subsidiary any moneys and real or personal property of any kind or nature. Any such subsidiary may be organized as a stock or nonstock corporation or a limited liability company. Each such subsidiary shall have and may exercise such powers of the corporation as are set forth in the resolution of the corporation prescribing the purposes for which such subsidiary is formed and such other powers provided to it by law.

(b) (1) Without limiting the authority of the corporation with respect to establishing other subsidiaries pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, the corporation may establish one or more subsidiaries to stimulate, encourage and carry out the remediation, development and financing of contaminated property within this state, in coordination with the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, and to provide financial, developmental and environmental expertise to others including, but not limited to, municipalities, interested in or undertaking such remediation, development or financing which are determined to be public purposes for which public funds may be expended. The corporation may transfer to any such subsidiary any moneys and real or personal property.

(2) Neither the Connecticut Brownfields Redevelopment Authority nor any other subsidiary formed under this subsection may provide for any bonded indebtedness of the state for the cost of any liability or contingent liability for the remediation of contaminated real property unless such indebtedness is specifically authorized by an act of the General Assembly. Each such subsidiary may do all things necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of this subsection, section 12-81r, subsection (h) of section 22a-133m, subsection (a) of section 22a-133x, sections 22a-133aa, 22a-133bb and 22a-133dd, subsection (l) of section 22a-134a and sections 22a-452f, 32-7e and 32-23pp to 32-23rr, inclusive, including, but not limited to, (A) solicit, receive and accept aid, grants or contributions from any source of money, property or labor or other things of value, to be held, used and applied to carry out the purposes of this subsection, section 12-81r, subsection (h) of section 22a-133m, subsection (a) of section 22a-133x, sections 22a-133aa, 22a-133bb and 22a-133dd, subsection (l) of section 22a-134a and sections 22a-452f, 32-7e and 32-23pp to 32-23rr, inclusive, subject to the conditions upon which such grants and contributions may be made, including, but not limited to, gifts, grants or loans, from any department, agency or quasi-public agency of the United States or the state; (B) enter into agreements with persons upon such terms and conditions as are consistent with the purposes of such subsidiary to acquire or facilitate the remediation, development or financing of contaminated real or personal property; (C) to acquire, take title, lease, purchase, own, manage, hold and dispose of real and personal property and lease, convey or deal in or enter into agreements with respect to such property; (D) examine, inspect, rehabilitate, remediate or improve real or personal property or engage others to do so on such subsidiary’s behalf, or enter into contracts therefor; (E) mortgage, convey or dispose of its assets and pledge its revenues to secure any borrowing, for the purpose of financing, refinancing, rehabilitating, remediating, improving or developing its assets, provided each such borrowing or mortgage shall be a special obligation of such subsidiary, which obligation may be in the form of notes, bonds, bond anticipation notes and other obligations issued by or to such subsidiary to the extent permitted under this section and sections 32-11c and 32-11d to fund and refund the same and provide for the rights of the holders thereof, and to secure the same by pledge of revenues, notes or other assets and which shall be payable solely from the assets, revenues and other resources of such subsidiary; (F) to create real estate investment trusts or similar entities or to become a member of a limited liability company or to become a partner in limited or general partnerships or establish other contractual arrangements with private and public sector entities as such subsidiary deems necessary to remediate, develop or finance environmentally contaminated property in the state; and (G) any other powers necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this subsection, subsection (h) of section 22a-133m, subsection (a) of section 22a-133x, sections 22a-133aa, 22a-133bb and 22a-133dd, subsection (l) of section 22a-134a and sections 22a-452f, 32-7e and 32-23pp to 32-23rr, inclusive. The board of directors, executive director, officers and staff of the corporation may serve as members of any advisory or other board which may be established to carry out the purposes of this subsection, subsection (h) of section 22a-133m, subsection (a) of section 22a-133x, sections 22a-133aa, 22a-133bb and 22a-133dd, subsection (l) of section 22a-134a and sections 22a-452f, 32-7e and 32-23pp to 32-23rr, inclusive.

(c) Each subsidiary of the corporation shall be deemed a quasi-public agency for purposes of chapter 12 and shall have all the privileges, immunities, tax exemptions and other exemptions of the corporation. Each such subsidiary may sue and shall be subject to suit, provided its liability shall be limited solely to the assets, revenues and resources of the subsidiary and without recourse to the general funds, revenues, resources or any other assets of the corporation. Each such subsidiary is authorized to assume or take title to property subject to any existing lien, encumbrance or mortgage and to mortgage, convey or dispose of its assets and pledge its revenues to secure any borrowing, provided each such borrowing or mortgage shall be a special obligation of the subsidiary, which obligation may be in the form of bonds, bond anticipation notes and other obligations, to fund and refund the same and provide for the rights of the holders thereof, and to secure the same by pledge or revenues, notes and other assets and which shall be payable solely from the assets, revenues and other resources of the subsidiary. The corporation may assign to a subsidiary any rights, moneys or other assets it has under any governmental program. No subsidiary of the corporation shall borrow without the approval of the corporation.

(d) Each such subsidiary shall act through its board of directors, at least one-half of which shall be members of the board of directors of the corporation or their designees or officers or employees of the corporation. A resolution of the corporation shall prescribe the purposes for which each such subsidiary is formed.

(e) The provisions of section 1-125 and this subsection shall apply to any officer, director, designee or employee appointed as a member, director or officer of any such subsidiary. Any such person so appointed shall not be personally liable for the debts, obligations or liabilities of any such subsidiary as provided in section 1-125. The subsidiary shall, and the corporation may, save harmless and indemnify such officer, director, designee or employee as provided by section 1-125.

(f) The corporation, or such subsidiary, may take such actions as are necessary to comply with the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as amended from time to time, to qualify and maintain any such subsidiary as a corporation exempt from taxation under said code.

(g) The corporation may make loans to each such subsidiary from its assets and the proceeds of its bonds, notes and other obligations, provided the source and security for the repayment of such loans is derived from the assets, revenues and resources of the subsidiary.

(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of the general statutes, the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection shall issue to the corporation or any subsidiary of such corporation a covenant not to sue pursuant to section 22a-133aa or 22a-133bb, as applicable, without fee, as otherwise required in subsection (c) of section 22a-133aa for the remediation of a facility in accordance with an approved remediation plan.

(June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 150.)

History: June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-11f. Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated substituted for Connecticut Development Authority. (a)(1) Wherever the term “Connecticut Development Authority” is used in the following sections of the general statutes, the term “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” shall be substituted in lieu thereof: 3-24d, 3-24f, 3-99d, 8-134, 8-134a, 8-192, 8-192a, 8-240m, 13b-79w, 16-243v, 22a-134, 22a-173, 22a-259, 22a-264, 25-33a, 32-1l, 32-3, 32-4l, 32-6j, 32-9c, 32-9n, 32-9cc, 32-9kk, 32-9ll, 32-9qq, 32-22b, 32-23l, 32-23o, 32-23q, 32-23r, 32-23s, 32-23t, 32-23v, 32-23x, 32-23z, 32-23aa, 32-23qq, 32-23ss, 32-23tt, 32-31a, 32-61, 32-68a, 32-141, 32-222, 32-223, 32-227, 32-244, 32-244a, 32-262, 32-263, 32-265, 32-266, 32-285, 32-341, 32-477, 32-500, 32-503 and 32-609.

(2) Wherever the term “authority” is used in the following sections of the general statutes, the term “corporation” shall be substituted in lieu thereof: 32-14, 32-15, 32-16, 32-16a, 32-17a, 32-18, 32-19, 32-22, 32-22a, 32-23a, 32-23j, 32-23o, 32-23p, 32-23q, 32-23r, 32-23s, 32-23v, 32-23x, 32-23y, 32-23z, 32-23bb, 32-23ii, 32-23jj, 32-23kk, 32-23ll, 32-23qq, 32-23ss, 32-23tt, 32-23uu, 32-23vv, 32-31a, 32-61, 32-62, 32-63, 32-64, 32-65, 32-67, 32-68a, 32-262, 32-263, 32-265, 32-267, 32-269, 32-270, 32-271, 32-272, 32-280, 32-282, 32-285, 32-341, 32-356, 32-500, 32-503, 32-717 and 32-718.

(b) The Legislative Commissioners’ Office shall, in codifying the provisions of this section, make such technical, grammatical and punctuation changes as are necessary to carry out the purposes of this section.

(June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 effective July 1, 2012.

Secs. 32-12 and 32-13. Executive secretary. Powers of commission. Sections 32-12 and 32-13 are repealed.

(1961, P.A. 542, S. 3, 4; 1963, P.A. 601, S. 2; February, 1965, P.A. 494, S. 4, 5; 1972, P.A. 195, S. 26.)

Sec. 32-14. Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund. There is created a Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund. To this fund shall be charged all payments required by loan defaults, all direct expenses and payments for the protection of the state’s interest in connection with defaulted or delinquent insured mortgages or loans, or in property possessed in consequence thereof and all operating expenses of the corporation which are attributable to the maintenance of the fund, and to the fund shall be credited all receipts of insurance premiums and all money, other than proceeds of insurance hereunder, or other assets of whatever nature received by the corporation as a result of default or delinquency with respect to insured mortgages and loans or agreements with respect to which payments from the insurance fund have been made, including proceeds from the sale, disposal, lease or rental of real or personal property which the corporation may receive under the provisions of this chapter. Moneys in the fund not needed currently to meet the expenses and obligations of the corporation may be invested in the manner provided by section 3-31a, and all income from such investments shall become part of the Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund.

(1961, P.A. 542, S. 5; 1963, P.A. 601, S. 3; February, 1965, P.A. 494, S. 6; 1972, P.A. 195, S. 18; P.A. 73-599, S. 26; P.A. 75-461, S. 2, 6; P.A. 77-370, S. 6, 13; 77-614, S. 19, 610; P.A. 78-236, S. 6, 20; 78-357, S. 13, 16; P.A. 79-215; P.A. 93-360, S. 1, 19; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1, S. 29, 45; June 12 Sp. Sess. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: 1963 act specified that application and commitment fees to be credited to fund; 1965 act deleted provision specifying use of fund as “nonlapsing, revolving fund” to carry out provisions of chapter, clarified what expenses of commission are chargeable to fund where previously “any and all expenses” were charged, deleted provision crediting application and commitment fees to fund, instead crediting “all money or other assets of whatever nature received by the commissioner as a result of loan default or delinquency”, authorized borrowing from general fund, deleted provisions re treasurer’s power to receive funds and invest them and re transfer of excess funds to general fund and authorized transfers from industrial building mortgage insurance fund to industrial building operating expense fund; 1972 act deleted provision re transfer of funds from mortgage insurance fund to operating expense fund; P.A. 73-599 replaced Connecticut industrial building commission with Connecticut development authority; P.A. 75-461 rephrased provisions for clarity; P.A. 77-370 specified that all income from investments to become part of fund; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of finance and control with secretary of the office of policy and management; P.A. 78-236 substituted reference to Sec. 3-31a for reference to Sec. 3-29; P.A. 78-357 specified that conditions in which money may be borrowed from general fund are to meet obligation as provided in this chapter and to bid for and purchase mortgaged property at foreclosure sale; P.A. 79-215 specified that authority’s operating expenses attributable to fund maintenance are chargeable to fund; P.A. 93-360 renamed fund, added references to loans and deleted provision authorizing authority to borrow from general fund to meet obligations of fund or to bid for and purchase mortgaged property at foreclosure sale, effective June 14, 1993; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1 paralleled P.A. 93-360 by deleting provision re borrowing from the general fund, effective July 1, 1993; (Revisor’s note: In 1995 an incorrect reference to “mortgage insurance and loan fund” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund” in conformance with other statutory references); pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

See Sec. 32-477 re priority for applicants establishing work environments consistent with criteria in Sec. 32-475.

Sec. 32-15. Applications for insurance. All applications for insurance shall be forwarded, together with an application fee, if any, prescribed by the corporation, to the executive director of the corporation. The executive director, after preparing necessary records for the corporation, shall prepare a report which may include, but shall not be limited to, such facts about the company under consideration as its history, wage standards, job opportunities, stability of employment, past and present financial condition and structure, pro-forma income statements, present and future markets and prospects, and integrity of management. Such report shall conclude with a brief discussion and opinion as to whether the applicant would contribute to the development and advancement of the business prosperity and economic welfare of the state of Connecticut. Such report shall be submitted to the corporation through its executive director and shall be advisory in nature only. After receipt and consideration of the above report and after such other action as is deemed appropriate, the corporation shall approve or deny the application. The applicant shall be promptly notified of such action by the corporation. If the application is approved, notice of such approval shall be transmitted to the proposed mortgagee or lender chosen by the applicant. Such approval shall be conditioned upon payment to the corporation, within such reasonable time after notification of approval as may be specified by the corporation, of a commitment fee prescribed by the corporation. No mortgage or loan shall be accepted for insurance unless the corporation finds that the project with respect to which the mortgage or loan is executed is financially sound.

(1961, P.A. 542, S. 6; 1963, P.A. 601, S. 4; February, 1965, P.A. 494, S. 7; 1972, P.A. 195, S. 19; June, 1972, P.A. 1, S. 15; P.A. 73-599, S. 27; P.A. 88-265, S. 3, 36; P.A. 93-360, S. 2, 19; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: 1963 act required that applications be accompanied by fee prescribed by commission and specified that approval conditioned upon payment of commitment fee prescribed by commission; 1965 act authorized three-person committee to investigate and report re loan applications; 1972 acts deleted requirements that executive secretary forward a copy of each application to development commission and that copy of report be submitted to development commission “which may submit its recommendation and report to the commission”, i.e. industrial building commission, and replaced executive secretary with director; P.A. 73-599 replaced industrial building commission and its director with Connecticut development authority and its executive director; P.A. 88-265 made technical changes and deleted references to the Connecticut Development Credit Corporation; P.A. 93-360 added “if any” after application fee, required executive director instead of committee to prepare reports on applications, deleted provision authorizing payment of committee members on consultant basis and added references to lender and loans, effective June 14, 1993; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Cited. 150 C. 341.

Sec. 32-16. Insurance of mortgages and loans on economic development projects and information technology projects. (a)(1) The corporation may (A) upon application of the proposed mortgagee, insure and make advance commitments to insure all or a portion of mortgage payments required by a mortgage on any (i) economic development project, exclusive of machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures and other personal property, or (ii) any information technology project, and (B) upon application of a borrower, insure and make advance commitments to insure, (i) all or a portion of loan payments required for an information technology project, (ii) a loan for an economic development project used for manufacturing, industrial, research, retail, small business, product development, product warehousing, distribution or other purposes which will create or retain jobs, maintain or diversify industry, including new or emerging technologies, or maintain or increase the tax base, or (iii) a secured or unsecured working capital loan necessary for the start-up or continuation of such a project, upon such terms and conditions as the corporation may prescribe, provided the aggregate amount of contracts of insurance or advance commitments issued under this section, together with contracts of insurance or advance commitments insured under subsection (b) or (d) of this section, outstanding at any one time shall not exceed four times the sum of the amounts available in the Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund plus the amount of any unpaid grants authorized to be made by the Department of Economic and Community Development to the corporation for deposit in such fund which remain available for purposes of the fund pursuant to the bond authorization in section 32-22, provided the amount of any such contract of insurance or advance commitment shall be measured by the portion of unpaid principal which is insured by the corporation and shall exclude for purposes of such limitation the amount of any contract of insurance or advance commitment to the extent that the liability of the corporation with respect thereto has been reinsured by, or participated in by, an eligible financial institution with a long-term credit rating equal to or higher than that of the state. The aggregate amount of principal obligations of all mortgages and loans so insured shall not constitute indebtedness of the state of Connecticut for purposes of computing the debt limit under section 3-21, provided bonds authorized to be issued pursuant to section 32-22 shall constitute indebtedness of the state of Connecticut for such purposes, whether or not obligations of the state of Connecticut are issued and outstanding in anticipation of the sale of such bonds. Any contract of insurance executed by the corporation under this section shall be conclusive evidence of eligibility for such mortgage or loan insurance, and the validity of any contract of insurance so executed or of an advance commitment to insure shall be incontestable in the hands of an approved mortgagee or lender from the date of the execution of such contract of insurance or advance commitment, except for (I) fraud or misrepresentation on the part of such approved mortgagee or lender, or (II) noncompliance with the terms of the contract of insurance or advance commitment and corporation written procedures in force at the time of issuance of the contract or the advance commitment.

(2) To be eligible for insurance under the provisions of this chapter, a mortgage or agreement for the extension of credit or making of a loan by the corporation or other lender shall: (A) Be one which is made to and held by the corporation or an eligible financial institution approved by the corporation as responsible and able to service the mortgage or loan properly; (B) in the case of a mortgage under subparagraph (A) of subdivision (1) of this subsection, involve principal not to exceed twenty-five million dollars for any one economic development project exclusive of machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures and other personal property, and not to exceed ninety per cent of the cost of such project, except that the corporation may insure a portion of a mortgage or agreement for the extension of credit or making of a loan by the corporation that otherwise satisfies the requirements of this section and the requirements prescribed by the corporation by written procedure if such mortgage or agreement involves principal in excess of twenty-five million dollars, provided any approved contract of insurance shall not exceed twenty-five million dollars and in the case of a loan under subparagraph (B) of subdivision (1) of this subsection, involve principal not to exceed ten million dollars; (C) have a maturity satisfactory to the corporation but in no case later than twenty-five years from the date of the issuance of the insurance; (D) contain amortization provisions satisfactory to the corporation requiring payments by the borrower or mortgagor, not in excess of the borrower’s or mortgagor’s reasonable ability to pay as determined by the corporation; (E) be in such form and contain such terms and provisions with respect to property insurance, repairs, alterations, payment of taxes and assessments, default reserves, delinquency charges, default remedies, anticipation of maturity, additional and secondary liens and other matters as the corporation may prescribe.

(b) The corporation may, upon application of the proposed mortgagee or borrower, insure and make advance commitments to insure all or a portion of mortgage or loan payments required by a mortgage or loan on new or used machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures or other personal property, upon such terms and conditions as the corporation may, by written procedure, prescribe, provided (1) such machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures or other personal property has been acquired for use as or in connection with any economic development project; (2) such machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures or other personal property shall have been actually installed or located therein within two years after the execution of a commitment to insure mortgage payments signed on behalf of the corporation; and (3) the owner thereof has agreed not to remove such machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures or other personal property from the state until the principal obligation of the mortgage attributable to the cost of such machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures or other personal property has been paid in full.

(c) To be eligible for insurance under the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, a mortgage or loan shall: (1) Be one which is made to and held by an eligible financial institution approved by the corporation; (2) involve principal not to exceed ten million dollars for any one project and not to exceed eighty per cent of the cost of the mortgaged machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures or other personal property, provided the corporation may insure a portion of a mortgage or loan that otherwise satisfies the requirements of this section and the requirements prescribed by the corporation by written procedures if it involves principal in excess of ten million dollars and the principal portion of the loan which is insured does not exceed ten million dollars; (3) have a maturity date satisfactory to the corporation but in no case later than ten years from the date of the mortgage or loan; (4) contain amortization provisions satisfactory to the corporation requiring payments by the mortgagor or borrower which may include principal and interest payments, cost of local real or personal property taxes and assessments, hazard insurance and such mortgage or loan insurance premium as is required under section 32-18, as the corporation shall from time to time prescribe or approve; (5) be in such form and contain such terms and provisions, with respect to property insurance, maintenance, alterations, payment of taxes and assessments, restriction of location of the machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures and other personal property, default reserves, delinquency charges, default remedies, acceleration of maturity, additional and secondary liens and such other matters as the corporation may prescribe.

(d) All payments required to be paid under the terms of any mortgage or other agreement for the extension of credit or making of a loan by the corporation for an economic development project, including machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures and other personal property, financed by the issuance of bonds or other obligations of the corporation, or of notes issued in anticipation of such bonds or other obligations, shall at all times that such bonds, obligations or notes are outstanding be eligible for insurance pursuant to this chapter. The corporation may insure any eligible mortgage or other agreement by designating such mortgage in the resolution authorizing the bonds, obligations or notes issued to provide funds to finance the economic development project or by endorsing an appropriate certificate on such mortgage or other agreement. In the case of a default in payment with respect to any mortgage or other agreement so insured, the amount of such payment shall immediately, and at all times during the continuance of such default, constitute a charge on the insurance fund and shall be applied by the corporation to the payment of taxes or insurance on the economic development project or of any bonds or notes of the corporation secured by such mortgage or other agreement, regardless of the availability of other revenues or surplus of the corporation for such payments. The corporation shall take or cause to be taken all reasonable steps to enforce the payment of amounts in default on any such mortgage or other agreement and to exercise all available remedies necessary to enforce such mortgage or other agreement and protect the security of the corporation’s obligations, and in connection therewith may use any amounts in the Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund to bid for and purchase in foreclosure or other judicial proceedings any property on which it holds a second or other subordinate mortgage the payments on which are insured under this subsection. The trustee for any bond or other obligation of the corporation or note issued in anticipation thereof or, if there be no such trustee, the holder of any such bond, obligation or note, shall have the right to bring suit to require the application as provided in this section of any amounts in the insurance fund.

(e) In the case of applications for insurance under subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of this section, (1) the corporation shall not issue loan guarantees to insure loans for commercial real estate development projects or for passive real estate ownership, (2) the corporation may issue loan guarantees for projects in which the borrower intends to purchase commercial real estate for use in its principal business operations, (3) no loan guarantee shall be issued pursuant to this section for the financing or refinancing of any project unless the corporation determines that the project is otherwise unable to obtain financing in satisfactory amounts or under reasonable terms or conditions or unless the corporation determines that the borrower is unable to start, continue to operate, expand or maintain operations or relocate to this state without such guarantee, (4) no loan guarantee shall be issued pursuant to this section for the financing or refinancing of any project which the corporation determines may be financed commercially, upon reasonable terms and conditions, without such a guarantee, and which an eligible financial institution nonetheless has attempted to shift into this program, (5) the corporation shall determine whether a project has been inappropriately diverted into this program consistent with the credit availability principles set forth in any applicable guidelines for the loan guarantee program of the Connecticut Works Fund, (6) the corporation may require the participating institution to submit its loan criteria and such other information as may be appropriate and, in reviewing projects that involve the refinancing of existing loans, may require submission of the classification assigned to that loan by examiners for any federal financial regulatory institution, (7) the corporation shall maximize the leveraging capability of loan guarantees to the extent feasible, and (8) no loan guarantee shall be issued to an eligible financial institution for any loan to any executive officer, director or shareholder owning more than five per cent of the outstanding stock of such institution, or any executive officer of any other eligible financial institution or any director or shareholder owning more than five per cent of the outstanding stock of any such institution, or a member of the immediate family of such an executive officer, director or shareholder or to any company or entity controlled by any such persons.

(1961, P.A. 542, S. 7; 1963, P.A. 601, S. 5; February, 1965, P.A. 494, S. 8; 1967, P.A. 552, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 503, S. 2; 1972, P.A. 195, S. 20; P.A. 73-599, S. 28; P.A. 75-461, S. 3, 6; P.A. 77-370, S. 7, 13; P.A. 78-357, S. 14, 16; P.A. 80-267, S. 9; P.A. 81-384, S. 2, 13; 81-388, S. 10, 12; P.A. 86-212, S. 1, 3; P.A. 87-536, S. 3, 7; P.A. 88-265, S. 4, 36; P.A. 91-161, S. 1, 9; P.A. 93-360, S. 3, 19; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 00-178, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1, S. 43, 46; P.A. 01-96, S. 2; 01-195, S. 177, 181; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: 1963 act included provisions re advance commitments to insure and increased maximum amount of principal obligation for one project from $5,000,000 to $7,500,000; 1965 act excluded machinery and equipment from mortgage amount in Subsec. (a), consisting of previous provisions, changed maximum amount of insured mortgages outstanding from $25,000,000 or amount approved by bond commission to two times the total amount of bonds authorized for issuance by bond commission, specified when bonds constitute state indebtedness, increased maximum amount of obligation for one project to $10,000,000 and added Subsecs. (b) and (c) re insurance of mortgage or machinery and equipment; 1967 act defined “refurbished and remodeled machinery and equipment” and allowed consideration of such machinery and equipment as new in Subsec. (b); 1971 act added Subsecs. (d) and (e) authorizing commitments for machinery and equipment to abate pollution and creating industrial pollution abatement loan fund; 1972 act deleted Subsecs. (d) and (e); P.A. 73-599 replaced industrial building commission with Connecticut development authority; P.A. 75-461 subtracted aggregate amount of outstanding capital reserve fund bonds from aggregate principal amount limit and included agreements for extension of credit or making loan by authority in Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (d) re eligibility for insurance and payments in default; P.A. 77-370 changed limit on all outstanding insured mortgages to $140,000,000, included in that figure aggregate amount of outstanding capital reserve fund bonds which amount was previously excluded and also included notes issued in anticipation of such bonds; P.A. 78-357 made defaulted payments a charge on insurance fund regardless of availability of other revenues where previously such payments were charged to fund only “to the extent that the then current revenues and surplus of the authority available therefor are insufficient for such payments” and authorized use of insurance fund to bid for and purchase property in foreclosure and other judicial proceedings; P.A. 80-267 included as eligible in Subsec. (b) machinery used in connection with “significant servicing, overhauling or rebuilding of ... products, or for research, office, or industrial, commercial warehouse, wholesale distribution or trucking freight terminal facilities, or for any combination thereof” where previously research facilities alone were mentioned and replaced “commitment agreement signed by all interested parties” with “commitment to insure mortgage payments signed on behalf of the authority” in Subdiv. (2); P.A. 81-384 specified projects in Subsec. (d) as “industrial” projects; P.A. 81-388 amended Subsec. (a) to reduce the ceiling on insured mortgages from $140,000,000 to $100,000,000; P.A. 86-212 applied provisions of Subsec. (b) to used machinery, deleting prior applicability to “refurbished and remodeled” machinery; P.A. 87-536 set mortgage insurance limit at $450,000,000; P.A. 88-265 deleted first mortgage limitation, authorized insurance of all or a portion of mortgage payments, changed industrial project to economic development project, added provisions excluding the amount of certain insured mortgages from the maximum insurable amount, authorized insurance of mortgage payments for furniture, fixtures or other personal property, deleted definition of “used machinery and equipment”, deleted reference to capital reserve fund bonds, authorized the issuance of other obligations of the authority in Subsec. (d) and made other technical changes; P.A. 91-161 amended Subsec. (a) to add provisions re advance commitments and partial insurance, raised the principal amount of a mortgage on real property from $10,000,000 to $25,000,000 and made technical changes and amended Subsec. (b) to increase the size of mortgages on machinery from $5,000,000 to $10,000,000; P.A. 93-360 added Subsec. (a)(2), authorizing authority to insure and make advance commitments to insure loan payments for economic development project loans, made changes throughout the section for consistency with said Subdiv. (2), also amended Subsec. (a) to reformulate limit on aggregate amount of contracts of insurance or advance commitments that may be issued and added Subsec. (e) setting forth provisions re applications for insurance under said Subdiv. (2), effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 00-178 amended Subsec. (a) to make provisions applicable to information technology projects; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1 changed effective date of P.A. 00-178 from October 1, 2000, to July 1, 2000, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-96 amended Subsec. (a) to make technical changes, including changes for purposes of gender neutrality; P.A. 01-195 reordered Subdiv., Subpara. and clause designators and made other technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective July 11, 2001; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

See Sec. 32-23s re interpretation of amendments to this section effective on June 29, 1981.

Cited. 150 C. 344.

Sec. 32-16a. Industrial Pollution Abatement Loan Fund. Section 32-16a is repealed and any funds in the Industrial Pollution Abatement Loan Fund shall be transferred to the corporation and deposited in the Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund.

(1972, P.A. 195, S. 21; 259, S. 1; P.A. 73-599, S. 38; P.A. 74-338, S. 8, 94.)

Sec. 32-17. Proceedings on default by mortgagor. Section 32-17 is repealed.

(1961, P.A. 542, S. 8; 1963, P.A. 601, S. 7.)

Sec. 32-17a. Procedure on default by mortgagor or borrower. (a) In the case of default by the mortgagor or borrower, the mortgagee or lender shall take reasonable steps to correct any such default. In the case of a default which continues for more than sixty days, the mortgagee or lender shall take reasonable steps to effect an orderly disposition of the property, if any. If institution of foreclosure proceedings or of default proceedings under article 9 of title 42a or otherwise is requested by the corporation, the mortgagee or lender shall commence such action within thirty days after receipt of such request. If institution of foreclosure proceedings or of default proceedings under said article 9 of title 42a is determined by the mortgagee or lender, the mortgagee or lender shall give the corporation thirty days’ notice before it commences such action. When it appears feasible, the corporation may itself make payments to the mortgagee or lender of installments of principal or interest or both, and of taxes and insurance, which payments shall be repaid, under such conditions as the corporation may prescribe, for a temporary period upon default or threatened default by the mortgagor or borrower, and the corporation may also agree to revised terms of financing when such appears prudent. The mortgagee or lender shall be entitled to receive the benefit of the insurance as hereinafter provided, upon: (1) Any sale of the mortgaged property by court order in foreclosure or a sale with the consent of the corporation by the mortgagor or subsequent owner of the property or by the mortgagee after foreclosure or acquisition by deed in lieu of foreclosure, or a sale with the consent of the corporation pursuant to default proceedings under article 9 of title 42a, provided all claims of the mortgagee against the mortgagor or others arising from the mortgage, foreclosure, default proceedings or any deficiency judgment shall be assigned to the corporation without recourse, excepting such claims as may have been released with the consent of the corporation and claims relating to contracts of insurance insuring only a portion of the mortgage payments required by the mortgage; (2) the expiration of six months after the mortgagee has taken title to the mortgaged property under judgment of strict foreclosure, foreclosure or other judicial sale, or a deed in lieu of foreclosure or default proceedings under article 9 of title 42a, if during such period the mortgagee has made a bona fide attempt to sell such property, and, if and to the extent required by the corporation, upon the conveyance of the property to the corporation and the assignment without recourse to the corporation of all claims of the mortgagee against the mortgagor or others arising out of the mortgage, foreclosure, default proceedings or deficiency judgment; (3) the entering of a judgment against the borrower and the realization upon any assets of the borrower available to satisfy such judgment, provided all remaining claims of the lender against the borrower shall be assigned to the corporation; or (4) when the corporation determines it imprudent to have proceedings under (1), (2) and (3) above, the acceptance by the corporation of a conveyance of title to the property to the corporation or the acceptance of an assignment of the mortgage without recourse to the corporation in accordance with written procedures of the corporation in effect at the time the mortgage was insured or the assignment to the corporation of any remaining claims. The corporation may prescribe by written procedures or in a contract of insurance or in the advance commitment to insure variations to the applicability of subdivision (1), (2), (3) or (4) of this subsection because such contract or advance commitment insures only a part and not all of the payments required by a mortgage or loan. Such variations may include, but shall not be limited to, the assignment or conveyance of an interest in any claim of the mortgagee against the mortgagor or borrower, the property or the mortgage which is proportionate to the amount of the insurance provided under the contract or advance commitment. Upon the occurrence of either (1), (2), (3) or (4) hereof, the obligation of the mortgagee to pay premium charges for insurance shall cease, and the corporation shall, within thirty days thereafter, pay to the mortgagee or lender ninety-eight per cent or less than ninety-eight per cent if such lesser amount is provided for in the contract of insurance prepared pursuant to the procedures in effect at the time of issuance of the contract of insurance of the sum of (A) the then unpaid principal balance of the insured indebtedness, (B) all unpaid interest accruing with respect to the insured indebtedness at the rate approved by the corporation to the date of conveyance or assignment to the corporation, as the case may be, (C) the amount of all payments made by the mortgagee or lender for which it has not been reimbursed for taxes, insurance, assessments and insurance premiums, and (D) such other necessary fees, costs or expenses of the mortgagee or lender as may be approved by the corporation.

(b) Upon request of the mortgagee, the corporation may at any time, under such equitable terms and conditions as it may prescribe, consent to the release of the mortgagor from his liability under the mortgage or consent to the release of parts of the mortgaged property from the lien of the mortgage.

(c) When vacancies in an economic development project are deemed by the corporation to prejudice mortgage payments insured by the corporation, the corporation may grant to the mortgagor or borrower permission to lease or rent the mortgaged property to a tenant for any use, such lease or rental to be temporary in nature and subject to such conditions as the corporation may prescribe.

(d) Upon the ultimate disposition of property acquired by the corporation under this section and of the claims assigned therewith, the net amount realized by the corporation shall be computed, taking into account all expenses incurred by the corporation in handling, dealing with and disposing of such property and in collecting such claims. If the net amount so realized exceeds the amount paid to the mortgagee or lender and the expenses of the corporation, such excess shall be retained by the corporation and added to the fund created under section 32-14 but, if the net amount realized is less than the amount paid to the mortgagee and the expenses of the corporation, the mortgagor or borrower shall remain liable therefor as upon a deficiency judgment.

(e) No claim for the benefit of the insurance provided in this chapter shall be accepted by the corporation except within one year after any sale or acquisition of title of the mortgaged property described in subdivision (1) or (2) of subsection (a) of this section or the entry of any judgment against the borrower as described in subdivision (3) of subsection (a) of this section.

(f) Any contract of insurance made by the corporation under the authorization of this chapter shall provide that claims payable under such contract shall first be paid from any amounts readily available in the Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund, established under section 32-14, before any amounts available from the bond authorization contained in section 32-22 are utilized for claim payment. The faith and credit of the state is hereby pledged, pursuant to such bond authorization and in accordance with section 3-20, to provide to the insurance fund moneys as and when necessary to make timely payments of all amounts required to be paid under the terms of any insurance contract executed by the corporation pursuant to this chapter, but not in excess of the amount of bonds so authorized by the State Bond Commission for such purpose less the amounts paid by the state for deposit to such insurance fund. The obligation of the corporation to make payments under any such insurance contract shall be limited solely to such sources and shall not constitute a debt or liability of the corporation or the state. Any insurance contract and any rule or regulation of the corporation implementing the insurance program may contain such other terms, provisions or conditions as the corporation deems necessary or appropriate, including, but not limited to, the payment of insurance premiums, the giving of notice, claim procedures, the sources for payment of claims, the priority of competing claims for payment, the release or termination of loan security and borrower liability, the timing of payment, the maintenance and disposition of projects and the use of amounts received during periods of loan delinquency or upon default, and any other provisions concerning the rights of insured parties or conditions of the payment of insurance claims.

(1963, P.A. 601, S. 6; February, 1965, P.A. 494, S. 9; 1972, P.A. 195, S. 22; P.A. 73-599, S. 29; P.A. 88-265, S. 5, 36; P.A. 91-161, S. 2, 9; P.A. 93-360, S. 4, 19; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: 1965 act made provisions applicable with respect to default proceedings under article 9 of title 42a; 1972 act substituted reference to Sec. 32-23d(d) for reference to Sec. 32-10(b) in Subsec. (c); P.A. 73-599 replaced industrial building commission with Connecticut development authority; P.A. 88-265 changed industrial project to economic development project, made technical changes and added Subsec. (f) re payment of claims; P.A. 91-161 amended Subsec. (a) by applying provision to partial insurance and authorizing the Connecticut Development Authority to pay less than 98% of a contract in the case of a default; P.A. 93-360 added references to borrower, lender and loans throughout the section, inserted new Subsec. (a)(3) re entering of judgment against borrower and renumbered former Subdiv. (3) as (4), amended Subsec. (c) to delete restriction on use of mortgaged property by a tenant, amended Subsec. (e) by adding “or the entry of any judgment against the borrower as described in subdivision (3) of this section” and amended Subsec. (f) to limit state’s pledge to provide moneys to insurance fund to amount of bonds authorized for such purpose less amounts paid by state for deposit to fund, effective June 14, 1993; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-18. Insurance premiums. The corporation shall fix insurance premiums for the insurance of mortgage or loan payments under the provisions of this chapter, such premiums to be computed as a percentage of the principal of the insured indebtedness outstanding at the beginning of each mortgage or loan year. Such insurance premiums shall not be more than two per cent per year of such insured indebtedness outstanding at the beginning of the relevant mortgage or loan year and shall be calculated on the basis of all pertinent, available data. Such premiums shall be payable by the mortgagors or the mortgagees in such manner as is prescribed by the corporation. The amount of premium need not be uniform among the various loans insured.

(1961, P.A. 542, S. 9; February, 1965, P.A. 494, S. 10; 1972, P.A. 195, S. 23; P.A. 73-599, S. 30; P.A. 91-161, S. 3, 9; P.A. 93-360, S. 5, 19; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: 1965 act referred to “principal” rather than “principal obligation” of mortgage; 1972 act made technical correction; P.A. 73-599 replaced industrial building commission with Connecticut development authority; P.A. 91-161 substituted “insured indebtedness” for “mortgage” and “principal”; P.A. 93-360 applied provisions of section to loans as well as to mortgages, effective June 14, 1993; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-19. Insured mortgages as legal investments. Loans secured by mortgages insured by the corporation and loans to a proposed mortgagor for the purpose of a proposed economic development project owned by such proposed mortgagor when a proposed mortgagee has been given an advance commitment by the corporation to insure mortgage payments required by a mortgage upon the completed economic development project shall be legal investments for all public officers and public bodies of the state and its political subdivisions, all insurance companies, credit unions, trust companies, banks, investment companies, savings banks, savings and loan associations, executors, administrators, guardians, conservators, trustees and other fiduciaries, and pension, profit-sharing and retirement funds, provided such loans shall be treated similarly to loans insured or to be insured by the Federal Housing Administrator for the purpose of determining the percentage of capital, surplus, assets or deposits which may be invested therein by an institution under the supervision of the Banking Commissioner, and such loans shall not be subject to limitations, conditions or restrictions imposed by law except as provided by this chapter.

(1961, P.A. 542, S. 10; 1963, P.A. 601, S. 8; February, 1965, P.A. 494, S. 11; 1972, P.A. 195, S. 24; P.A. 73-599, S. 31; P.A. 77-614, S. 161, 610; P.A. 80-482, S. 213, 348; 80-483, S. 98, 186; P.A. 87-9, S. 2, 3; P.A. 88-265, S. 6, 36; P.A. 03-84, S. 18; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: 1963 act added provisions re loans for building and improving industrial projects, deleted insurance companies from eligibility for consideration of loans under section as legal investments and specified that loans are not subject to limitations, conditions or restriction of law except as provided in section, that real estate mortgaged to secure loan is unencumbered except as stated and that certificate of title or policy of title insurance is lodged with mortgagee until mortgage is paid; 1965 act specified that real or personal property may be used to secure loans; 1972 act made technical correction; P.A. 73-599 replaced industrial building commission with Connecticut development authority; P.A. 77-614 replaced bank commissioner and department with banking commissioner and division of banking within department of business regulation, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-482 restored banking division as independent department with commissioner as its head and abolished department of business regulation; P.A. 80-483 removed building and loan associations as legal investors in loans under section; (Revisor’s note: Pursuant to P.A. 87-9, “banking commissioner” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “commissioner of banking”); P.A. 88-265 deleted first mortgage limitation, changed industrial project to economic development project, made public officers, public bodies, political subdivisions, insurance companies and credit unions legal investors in loans under section and deleted requirements re unencumbered property, certificate of title and loan advances; P.A. 03-84 changed “Commissioner of Banking” to “Banking Commissioner”, effective June 3, 2003; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Secs. 32-20 and 32-21. Accounts; use of fund. Commission members not to act on contracts in which they have interest. Sections 32-20 and 32-21 are repealed.

(1961, P.A. 542, S. 11, 12; February, 1965, P.A. 494, S. 12; P.A. 74-338, S. 50, 94.)

Sec. 32-22. Bond issue. (a) The State Bond Commission may authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series in accordance with section 3-20 and in principal amounts necessary to carry out the purposes of section 32-16 but not in excess of the aggregate amount of twenty-six million dollars. All of said bonds shall be payable at such place or places as may be determined by the Treasurer pursuant to section 3-19 and shall bear such date or dates, mature at such time or times, not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates, bear interest at such rate or different or varying rates and payable at such time or times, be in such denominations, be in such form with or without interest coupons attached, carry such registration and transfer privileges, be payable in such medium of payment and be subject to such terms of redemption with or without premium as, irrespective of the provisions of said section 3-20, may be provided by the authorization of the State Bond Commission or fixed in accordance therewith.

(b) The proceeds of the sale of such bonds shall be used by the Department of Economic and Community Development to make grants to the corporation for deposit in the Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund created by section 32-14. The terms and conditions of said grants shall be governed in accordance with a grant contract between the department and the corporation. Payments of principal on such bonds as they mature and interest thereon shall be payable first from the Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund and secondly from the state General Fund.

(1961, P.A. 542, S. 13; February, 1965, P.A. 494, S. 14; 1971, P.A. 503, S. 3; 1972, P.A. 195, S. 25; 259, S. 2; P.A. 74-338, S. 9, 94; P.A. 75-461, S. 4, 6; P.A. 81-388, S. 11, 12; P.A. 87-536, S. 4, 7; P.A. 88-265, S. 7, 36; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-7, S. 19, 36; P.A. 93-382, S. 29, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1, S. 28, 39, 45; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2, S. 197, 203; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: 1965 act increased aggregate amount of bonds from $25,000,000 to $35,000,000 and deleted provisions re requests for additional funds to meet obligations from unappropriated moneys in general fund; 1971 act divided previous provisions into Subsecs. (a) and (b), specified that $25,000,000 of principal amount be deposited in industrial building mortgage insurance fund, and added Subsec. (c) requiring deposit of remaining $10,000,000 in industrial pollution abatement fund; 1972 acts made technical change and rephrased Subsec. (c); P.A. 74-338 deleted Subsec. (c) and removed $25,000,000 limit in Subsec. (b) accordingly; P.A. 75-461 increased bond limit in Subsec. (a) by the aggregate amount of outstanding capital reserve fund bonds including anticipation notes; P.A. 81-388 reduced the bond ceiling from $35,000,000 to $25,000,000; P.A. 87-536 set bond limit at $325,000,000 and clarified that the uses were solely for the purposes of Sec. 32-16; P.A. 88-265 added provisions to Subsec. (b) re reimbursement of general fund for temporary borrowings; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-7 amended Subsec. (a) to decrease the bond authorization from $325,000,000 to $115,000,000; P.A. 93-382 decreased the bond authorization to $54,000,000, effective July 1, 1993; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1 amended Subsec. (a) to decrease bond authorization to $44,000,000 and amended Subsec. (b) to make technical changes re administration of the grants, effective July 1, 1993; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2 in Subsec. (a) decreased bond authorization to $26,000,000, effective June 21, 1994 (Revisor’s note: In 1995 the name of the fund in Subsec. (b) was changed editorially by the Revisors from “Industrial Building Mortgage Insurance Fund” to “Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund” to conform section with Sec. 32-14 as amended by P.A. 93-360); P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation” in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 2012.

See Sec. 32-23f re bonds and notes.

Sec. 32-22a. Written procedures. Contracts. (a) The corporation may establish written procedures in accordance with section 1-121 to clarify and further carry out the purposes of sections 32-14 to 32-22, inclusive.

(b) Any insurance contract and any procedure of the corporation implementing said sections of the general statutes may contain such other terms, provisions or conditions as the corporation deems necessary or appropriate, including, but not limited to, the payment of insurance premiums, the giving of notice, claim procedures, the sources for payment of claims, the priority of competing claims for payment, the release or termination of loan security and borrower liability, the timing of payment, the maintenance and disposition of projects and the use of amounts received during periods of loan delinquency or upon default, default and other provisions applicable to contracts of insurance insuring only a portion of the mortgage payments required by the mortgage and the rights of insured parties or conditions of the payment of insurance claims.

(P.A. 91-161, S. 4, 9; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: Pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-22b. Loan guarantees for brownfield projects. Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated may establish a loan guarantee program to provide guarantees of not more than thirty per cent of the loan to lenders who provide financing to eligible developers or eligible property owners as defined in subsection (a) of section 32-9kk.

(P.A. 07-233, S. 14; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: P.A. 07-233 effective July 1, 2007; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “Connecticut Development Authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23. Industrial Building Operating Expense Fund. Section 32-23 is repealed.

(February, 1965, P.A. 494, S. 13; 1972, P.A. 195, S. 26.)

Sec. 32-23a. Allocation of mortgage insurance premiums. All amounts received by the corporation prior to July 1, 1965, as mortgage insurance premiums shall be credited to the Industrial Building Mortgage Insurance Fund and all other funds of the corporation shall be credited to the Industrial Building Operating Expense Fund.

(February, 1965, P.A. 494, S. 15; P.A. 73-599, S. 32; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: P.A. 73-599 replaced industrial building commission with Connecticut development authority; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23b. Short title. Section 32-23b is repealed.

(1972, P.A. 195, S. 1; P.A. 74-338, S. 52, 94.)

Sec. 32-23c. Legislative finding. Section 32-23c is repealed, effective July 1, 2012.

(1972, P.A. 195, S. 2; P.A. 73-599, S. 8; P.A. 75-513, S. 2, 5; P.A. 76-140, S. 1, 4; P.A. 77-155, S. 1; 77-299, S. 1; 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 79-520, S. 1; P.A. 80-267, S. 6; 80-465, S. 1; P.A. 81-384, S. 3, 13; P.A. 82-434, S. 1, 6; P.A. 88-265, S. 8, 36; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 00-178, S. 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1, S. 43, 46; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 292.)

Sec. 32-23d. Definitions. For the purposes of this chapter, the following terms shall have the following meanings unless the context indicates another meaning and intent:

(a) “Department” means the Department of Economic and Community Development or its successor agency.

(b) “State” means the state of Connecticut.

(c) “Municipality” means any town, city or borough in the state.

(d) “Project” means any facility, plant, works, system, building, structure, utility, fixture or other real property improvement located in the state, any machinery, equipment, furniture, fixture or other personal property to be located in the state and the land on which it is located or which is reasonably necessary in connection therewith, which is of a nature or which is to be used or occupied by any person for purposes which would constitute it as an economic development project, information technology project, public service project, urban project, recreation project, commercial fishing project, health care project, the convention center project, as defined in subdivision (3) of section 32-600, nonprofit project or remediation project, and any real property improvement reasonably related thereto. A project may be acquired (1) directly, or (2) indirectly through the purchase of all or substantially all of the stock of a corporation.

(e) “Eligible financial institution” means any trust company, bank, savings bank, credit union, savings and loan association, insurance company, investment company, mortgage banker, trustee, executor, pension fund, retirement fund or other fiduciary or financial institution, the state or, to the extent otherwise permitted by law, any municipality, or any political subdivision, instrumentality, agency or body politic and corporate thereof, which is approved by the corporation to participate in the financing of a project.

(f) “Cost of project” as determined by the corporation means the cost or fair market value of construction, lands, property rights, utility extensions, disposal facilities, access roads, easements, franchises, financing charges, interest, engineering and legal services, plans, specifications, surveys, cost estimates, studies and other expenses necessary or incident to the development, construction, financing and placing in operation of a project and, subject to the provisions of section 32-16, the cost or fair market value of machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures or other personal property of a project.

(g) “Insurance fund” means the Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund created by section 32-14.

(h) “Maturity date” means the date on which the mortgage indebtedness would be extinguished if paid in accordance with periodic payments provided for in the mortgage.

(i) “Mortgage” means a mortgage or lien on a project together with credit instruments, if any, secured thereby, or any other agreement for the extension of credit or making of a loan related to the financing of a project or any portions thereof or interest therein, however evidenced, including financing by means of a lease or a conditional or installment sales agreement, or any pool of or interest in any of the foregoing financed from any source.

(j) “Mortgagee” means the original lender or other provider of credit under the mortgage or participants therein, and their successors and assigns, approved by the corporation and may include, but is not limited to, all eligible financial institutions and, except as used in section 32-17a, the corporation as defined in subsection (v) of this section.

(k) “Mortgagor” includes the successors and assigns of the mortgagor.

(l) “Mortgage payments” means payments called for by a mortgage, and may include, but is not limited to, interest, installments of principal, taxes and assessments, mortgage insurance premiums and hazard insurance premiums.

(m) “Mortgage year” means the annual period measured by the date or the anniversary of the date of the execution of the mortgage.

(n) “Principal obligation” means the sum total of all mortgage payments due from the mortgagor.

(o) “Municipal planning commission” means a municipal planning commission created under chapter 126.

(p) “Regional planning agency” means a regional planning agency created under chapter 127.

(q) “Federal agency” means the United States, the president of the United States and any department of, or corporation, agency or instrumentality designated or established by, the United States.

(r) “Revenues” means receipts, revenues, service charges, rentals or other payments to be received on account of lease, mortgage, conditional sale, sale or loan agreements and payments and any other income derived from the lease, sale or other disposition of a project, moneys in such reserve and insurance funds or accounts or other funds and accounts and income from the investment thereof, established in connection with the issuance of bonds, notes or other obligations for a project or projects, and fees, charges or other moneys to be received by the corporation in respect of projects and contracts with persons.

(s) “Person” means any person, including individuals, firms, partnerships, associations, cooperatives, limited liability companies or corporations, public or private, for profit or nonprofit, organized or existing under the laws of the state or any other state, and, to the extent otherwise permitted by law, any municipality, district, including any special district having taxing powers, agency, authority, instrumentality, or other governmental entity or political subdivision in the state or any federal agency.

(t) “Economic development project” means any project which is to be used or occupied by any person for (1) manufacturing, industrial, research, office or product warehousing or distribution purposes or hydroponic or aquaponic food production purposes and which the corporation determines will tend to maintain or provide gainful employment, maintain or increase the tax base of the economy, or maintain, expand or diversify industry in the state, or (2) controlling, abating, preventing or disposing land, water, air or other environmental pollution, including without limitation thermal, radiation, sewage, wastewater, solid waste, toxic waste, noise or particulate pollution, except resources recovery facilities, as defined in section 22a-219a, used for the principal purpose of processing municipal solid waste and which are not expansions or additions to resources recovery facilities operating on July 1, 1990, or (3) the conservation of energy or the utilization of cogeneration technology or solar, wind, hydro, biomass or other renewable sources to produce energy for any industrial or commercial application, or (4) any other purpose which the corporation determines will materially contribute to the economic base of the state by creating or retaining jobs, promoting the export of products or services beyond state boundaries, encouraging innovation in products or services, or otherwise contributing to, supporting or enhancing existing activities that are important to the economic base of the state.

(u) “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development.

(v) “Corporation” means Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, as established and created pursuant to section 32-35.

(w) “Capital reserve fund bond” means any bond of the corporation secured by a special capital reserve fund established pursuant to this chapter.

(x) “Recreation project” means any project which is to be primarily available for the use of the general public including without limitation stadiums, sports complexes, amusement parks, museums, theaters, civic, concert, cultural and exhibition centers, centers for the visual and performing arts, hotels, motels, resorts, inns and other public lodging accommodations and which the corporation determines will tend to (1) promote tourism, (2) provide a special enhancement of recreation facilities in the state, or (3) contribute to the business or industrial development of the state.

(y) “Public service project” means any project which is to be used or occupied by a common carrier or public utility to provide bus, truck, rail, limousine, water or air transportation services or water, sewer, gas, electricity, or telephone utility services, and which the corporation determines will tend to assist the common carrier or public utility in providing service to the general public in the state. A public service project may include ferry boats or railroad rolling stock, but may not include any other vehicle, aircraft or watercraft.

(z) “Urban project” means any project which is to be used or occupied by any person for commercial or retail sales or service purposes located wholly or partly within an urban municipality in the state and which the corporation determines will tend (1) to maintain or provide gainful construction or permanent employment, maintain or expand the tax base of the economy or maintain, expand or diversify industry in the state, or (2) to otherwise revitalize the economy of the urban municipality. An “urban municipality”, for the purposes of this definition, means any municipality which is a “distressed municipality” as defined in subsection (b) of section 32-9p.

(aa) “Commercial fishing project” means any project which is to be used or occupied by any person for commercial fishing purposes or for support, maintenance, storage, production, or manufacturing purposes reasonably related to commercial fishing activity, including without limitation commercial fishing vessels, docks, wharves, piers, land or floating processing facilities, transportation terminals, facilities for the maintenance, storage, and construction of vessels and equipment, and fish storage and handling facilities.

(bb) “Health care project” means any project which is to be used or occupied by any person for the providing of services in any residential care home, nursing home or rest home, as defined in subsection (c) of section 19a-490, or for the providing of living space for physically handicapped persons or persons sixty years of age or older.

(cc) “Nonprofit project” means any project which (1) is to be used or occupied by any person organized and operated not for profit but exclusively for health, educational, charitable, community, cultural, agricultural, consumer or other purposes benefiting the citizens of the state, or as an agricultural or hospital cooperative or service organization or as a chamber of commerce or trade or professional association, and (2) which the corporation determines satisfies a public need not adequately met by businesses operating for profit.

(dd) “Information technology project” means any project (1) providing information technology intensive office or laboratory space, including, but not limited to, smart buildings, incubator facilities, or any project that is to be used or occupied by any person specializing in e-commerce technologies or other technologies using high-speed communications infrastructure, and (2) which the corporation deems will materially contribute to the economic base of the state by creating or retaining jobs, promoting the export of products or services beyond state borders, encouraging innovation in products or services, or otherwise contributing to, supporting or enhancing existing activities that are important to the economic base of the state.

(ee) “Incubator facilities” has the same meaning as incubator facilities in subdivision (5) of section 32-34.

(ff) “Smart building” means a building that houses, for use by its tenants, an information or communications infrastructure capable of transmitting digital video, voice and data content over a high-speed wired, wireless or other communications intranet and provides the capability of delivering and receiving high-speed digital video, voice and data transmissions over the Internet.

(gg) “Remediation project” means any project (1) involving the development, redevelopment or productive reuse of real property within this state that (A) has been subject to a spill, as defined in section 22a-452c, (B) is an establishment, as defined in subdivision (3) of section 22a-134, (C) is a facility, as defined in 42 USC 9601(9), or (D) is eligible to be treated as polluted real property for purposes of section 22a-133m or contaminated real property for purposes of section 22a-133aa or section 22a-133bb, provided the development, redevelopment or productive reuse is undertaken pursuant to a remediation plan meeting all applicable standards and requirements of the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, (2) that the corporation determines will add or support significant new economic activity or employment in the municipality in which such project is located or will otherwise materially contribute to the economic base of the state or the municipality or will provide a residential or mixed-use development pursuant to chapter 828, and (3) for which assistance from the corporation will be needed to attract necessary private investment.

(1972, P.A. 195, S. 3; P.A. 73-599, S. 9; P.A. 74-338, S. 7, 94; P.A. 75-413; 75-461, S. 1, 6; 75-513, S. 3, 5; 75-567, S. 40, 80; P.A. 76-140, S. 2, 4; 76-430, S. 1, 3; P.A. 77-155, S. 2; 77-299, S. 2, 3; 77-614, S. 284, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 108, 136; P.A. 79-404, S. 43, 45; 79-520, S. 2; P.A. 80-171, S. 1; 80-267, S. 7; 80-345; 80-465, S. 2, 3; P.A. 81-384, S. 4, 13; P.A. 84-512, S. 19, 30; P.A. 85-595, S. 2, 3; P.A. 86-212, S. 2, 3; P.A. 87-536, S. 5, 7; P.A. 88-265, S. 9, 36; P.A. 90-270, S. 26, 38; P.A. 95-79, S. 120, 189; 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 97-112, S. 2; P.A. 98-179, S. 16, 30; P.A. 00-178, S. 3, 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1, S. 43, 46; P.A. 01-96; S. 3; 01-179, S. 7–9; P.A. 04-106, S. 2; 04-193, S. 1; P.A. 07-233, S. 13; P.A. 10-147, S. 1; P.A. 11-80, S. 1; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 172.)

History: P.A. 73-599 replaced Connecticut development commission with department of commerce and Connecticut development authority, so replaced “commission” definition with “department” definition and added definitions of “commissioner” and “authority”; P.A. 74-338 deleted “industrial” as word qualifying pollution control facility in definition of “industrial project”; P.A. 75-413 redefined “industrial project” to include facilities used in significant servicing, overhauling or rebuilding of products and warehouse, wholesale distribution and trucking freight terminal facilities; P.A. 75-461 included the authority in definition of “mortgagee” and defined “capital reserve fund bond”; P.A. 75-513 included certain facilities for providing water in definition of “industrial project”; P.A. 75-567 substituted “authority” for “commission” in definition of “industrial project”; P.A. 76-140 included ferry facilities in definition of “industrial project”; P.A. 76-430 defined “recreational project”; P.A. 77-155 included railroad facilities in definition of “industrial project”; P.A. 77-299 included municipal civic and cultural centers in definition of “recreational project” and defined the term; P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 replaced commissioner and department of commerce with commissioner and department of economic development, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 deleted reference to Sec. 4-60a in definition of “purposes of this chapter ...”; P.A. 79-404 substituted gaming policy board for Connecticut commission on special revenue in definition of “recreational project”; P.A. 79-520 included energy conserving facilities and facilities using renewable energy in definition of “industrial project”; P.A. 80-171 included public transportation facilities in definition of “industrial project”; P.A. 80-267 included provisions re facilities for businesses impacted by defense contract cutbacks in definition of “industrial project”; P.A. 80-345 included commercial applications of energy conserving or renewable energy facilities and equipment in definition of “industrial project”; P.A. 80-465 included retail facilities in definition of “industrial project” and defined “urban project”; P.A. 81-384 rewrote definitions of “project”, “industrial project”, “recreation project” and “urban project”, inserted definitions of “public service project”, “commercial fishing project” and “health care project” and removed definitions of “pollution control facility” and “municipal civic and cultural centers”; P.A. 84-512 deleted references to Secs. 4-5 and 4-24a in Subsec. (t); P.A. 85-595 redefined “project” to include hydroponic or aquaponic projects; P.A. 86-212 amended definition of “project” in Subsec. (d) to allow project to be acquired through purchase of stock of corporation and to exclude stock of corporation from such definition; P.A. 87-536 amended Subsec. (d) to amend definition of project to include any machinery, equipment, furniture, fixture or other personal property to be located in the state and to remove other references to personal property; P.A. 88-265 changed industrial project to economic development project, deleted hydroponic or aquaponic project and added nonprofit project to Subsec. (d), deleted definition of Connecticut Development Credit Corporation and added definition of eligible financial institution in Subsec. (e), added cost of furniture, fixtures or other personal property to definition of cost of project in Subsec. (f), deleted definition of first mortgage and added provisions re other credit or loan agreement in Subsec. (i), added other provider of credit, deleted list of eligible mortgages and substituted eligible financial institutions therefor in Subsec. (j), added provisions re cooperatives, for profit and nonprofit corporations, districts, agencies, authorities, instrumentalities, and other governmental entities in Subsec. (s), changed industrial project to economic development project, added hydroponic or aquaponic food production purposes and added Subdiv. (4) re other eligible project purposes in Subsec. (u), added Subsec. (dd) defining “nonprofit project” and made other technical changes; P.A. 90-270 amended Subsec. (u) to exclude certain resources recovery facilities from the definition of “economic development project”; (Revisor’s note: In 1993 the obsolete reference in Subsec. (t) to repealed Sec. 36-322 was deleted editorially by the Revisors and the wording adjusted accordingly, and in 1995 the reference to “Industrial Building Mortgage Insurance Fund” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Mortgage and Loan Insurance Fund” to conform to section to Sec. 32-14 as amended by P.A. 93-360); P.A. 95-79 redefined “person” to include limited liability companies, effective May 31, 1995; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 97-112 replaced “home for the aged” with “residential care home”; P.A. 98-179 redefined “project” to add the convention center project, effective June 1, 1998; P.A. 00-178 redefined “project” in Subsec. (d) to include information technology projects and added Subsecs. (ee) to (gg), inclusive, defining “information technology project”, “incubator facilities” and “smart building”; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1 changed effective date of P.A. 00-178 from October 1, 2000, to July 1, 2000, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-96 amended Subsec. (gg) by making technical changes; P.A. 01-179 amended Subsec. (d) to make a technical change and include remediation project in definition of “project”, amended Subsec. (t) to replace references to chapters 578 and 579 and Secs. 10-320b(a), 25-33a and 32-68a with references to the authority and authority legislation and added Subsec. (hh) defining “authority legislation” and Subsec. (ii)(1) defining “remediation project”; P.A. 04-106 amended Subsec. (ii)(1) to include projects involving the productive reuse of real property, effective May 21, 2004; P.A. 04-193 amended Subsec. (d) to remove reference to a project not including new materials, work in process, stock in trade or stock of a corporation, effective June 3, 2004; P.A. 07-233 amended Subsec. (ii) to redefine “remediation project” to include providing a residential or mixed-use development, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 10-147 amended Subsec. (s) by redefining “person” to include any federal agency, effective June 8, 2010; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Department of Environmental Protection” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Department of Energy and Environmental Protection” in Subsec. (ii), effective July 1, 2011; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 replaced “authority” with “corporation” in Subsecs. (e), (f), (j), and (r), deleted former Subsec. (t) re definition of “purposes of the authority”, redesignated existing Subsecs. (u) to (gg) as Subsecs. (t) to (ff), replaced definition of “authority” with definition of “corporation” in redesignated Subsec. (v), deleted former Subsec. (hh) re definition of “authority legislation” and redesignated existing Subsec. (ii) as Subsec. (gg), effective July 1, 2012 (Revisor’s note: References to “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation” in redesignated Subsecs. (t), (w), (x), (y), (z), (cc), (dd) and (gg) to conform with changes made by June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152, 172).

See Sec. 32-23s re interpretation of amendments to this section effective on June 29, 1981.

Sec. 32-23e. Powers of the corporation. To accomplish the purposes of the corporation, which are hereby determined to be public purposes for which public funds may be expended, and in addition to any other powers provided by law, the corporation shall have power to: (1) Determine the location and character of any project to be financed under the provisions of said chapters and sections, provided any financial assistance shall be approved in accordance with written procedures prepared pursuant to subdivision (14) of this section; (2) purchase, receive, by gift or otherwise, lease, exchange, or otherwise acquire, and construct, reconstruct, improve, maintain, equip and furnish one or more projects, including all real and personal property which the corporation may deem necessary in connection therewith, and to enter into a contract with a person therefor upon such terms and conditions as the corporation shall determine to be reasonable, including but not limited to reimbursement for the planning, designing, financing, construction, reconstruction, improvement, equipping, furnishing, operation and maintenance of the project and any claims arising therefrom and establishment and maintenance of reserve and insurance funds with respect to the financing of the project; (3) insure any or all payments to be made by the borrower under the terms of any agreement for the extension of credit or making of a loan by the corporation in connection with any economic development project to be financed, wholly or in part, through the issuance of bonds or mortgage payments of any mortgage which is given by a mortgagor to the mortgagee who has provided the mortgage for an economic development project upon such terms and conditions as the corporation may prescribe and as provided herein, and the faith and credit of the state are pledged thereto; (4) in connection with the insuring of payments of any mortgage, request for its guidance a finding of the municipal planning commission, or, if there is no planning commission, a finding of the municipal officers, of the municipality in which the economic development project is proposed to be located, or of the regional planning agency of which such municipality is a member, as to the expediency and advisability of the economic development project; (5) sell or lease to any person, all or any portion of a project, purchase from eligible financial institutions mortgages with respect to economic development projects, purchase or repurchase its own bonds, and sell, pledge or assign to any person any such bonds, mortgages, or other loans, notes, revenues or assets of the corporation, or any interest therein, for such consideration and upon such terms as the corporation may determine to be reasonable; (6) mortgage or otherwise encumber all or any portion of a project whenever it shall find such action to be in furtherance of the purposes of said chapters and sections; (7) enter into agreements with any person, including prospective mortgagees and mortgagors, for the purpose of planning, designing, constructing, acquiring, altering and financing projects, providing liquidity or a secondary market for mortgages or other financial obligations incurred with respect to facilities which would qualify as a project under this chapter, purchasing loans made by regional corporations under section 32-276, or for any other purpose in furtherance of any other power of the corporation; (8) grant options to purchase or renew a lease for any of its projects on such terms as the corporation may determine to be reasonable; (9) employ or retain attorneys, accountants and architectural, engineering and financial consultants and such other employees and agents and to fix their compensation and to employ the Connecticut Development Credit Corporation on a cost basis as it shall deem necessary to assist it in carrying out the purposes of said corporation legislation; (10) accept from a federal agency loans, grants or loan guarantees or otherwise participate in any loan, grant, loan guarantee or other financing or economic or project development program of a federal agency in furtherance of, and consistent with, the purposes of the corporation, and enter into agreements with such agency respecting any such loans, grants, loan guarantees or federal agency programs; (11) provide tenant lease guarantees and performance guarantees, invest in, extend credit or make loans to any person for the planning, designing, financing, acquiring, constructing, reconstructing, improving, expanding, continuing in operation, equipping and furnishing of a project and for the refinancing of existing indebtedness with respect to any facility or part thereof which would qualify as a project in order to facilitate substantial improvements thereto, which guarantees, investments, credits or loans may be secured by loan agreements, lease agreements, installment sale agreements, mortgages, contracts and all other instruments or fees and charges, upon such terms and conditions as the corporation shall determine to be reasonable in connection with such loans, including provision for the establishment and maintenance of reserve and insurance funds and in the exercise of powers granted in this section in connection with a project for such person, to require the inclusion in any contract, loan agreement or other instrument, such provisions for the construction, use, operation and maintenance and financing of a project as the corporation may deem necessary or desirable; (12) in connection with any application for assistance under said corporation legislation, or commitments therefor, to make and collect such fees and charges as the corporation shall determine to be reasonable; (13) adopt procedures, in accordance with the provisions of section 1-121, to carry out the purposes of the corporation, which may give priority to applications for financial assistance based upon the extent the project will materially contribute to the economic base of the state by creating or retaining jobs, providing increased wages or benefits to employees, promoting the export of products or services beyond the boundaries of the state, encouraging innovation in products or services, encouraging defense-dependent business to diversify to nondefense production, promoting standards of participation adopted by the Connecticut partnership compact pursuant to section 33-374g of the general statutes, revision of 1958, revised to 1991, or will otherwise enhance existing activities that are important to the economic base of the state, provided regulation-making proceedings commenced before January 1, 1989, shall be governed by sections 4-166 to 4-174, inclusive; (14) maintain an office at such place or places within the state as it may designate; (15) when it becomes necessary or feasible for the corporation to safeguard itself from losses, acquire, purchase, manage and operate, hold and dispose of real and personal property, take assignments of rentals and leases and make and enter into all contracts, leases, agreements and arrangements necessary or incidental to the performance of its duties; (16) in order to further the purposes of the corporation, or to assure the payment of the principal and interest on bonds or notes of the corporation or to safeguard the mortgage insurance fund, purchase, acquire and take assignments of notes, mortgages and other forms of security and evidences of indebtedness, purchase, acquire, attach, seize, accept or take title to any project by conveyance or, by foreclosure, and sell, lease or rent any project for a use specified in said chapters and sections or in this chapter; (17) do, or delegate, any and all things necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes and to exercise the powers given and granted to the corporation; (18) to accept from the department: (A) Financial assistance, (B) revenues or the right to receive revenues with respect to any program under the supervision of the department, and (C) loan assets or equity interests in connection with any program under the supervision of the department; to make advances to and reimburse the department for any expenses incurred or to be incurred by it in the delivery of such assistance, revenues, rights, assets or amounts; to enter into agreements for the delivery of services by the corporation, in consultation with the department and the Connecticut Housing Finance Authority, to third parties which agreements may include provisions for payment by the department to the corporation for the delivery of such services; and to enter into agreements with the department or with the Connecticut Housing Finance Authority for the sharing of assistants, agents and other consultants, professionals and employees, and facilities and other real and personal property used in the conduct of the corporation’s affairs; and (19) to transfer to the department: (A) Financial assistance, (B) revenues or the right to receive revenues with respect to any program under the supervision of the corporation, and (C) loan assets or equity interests in connection with any program under the supervision of the corporation, provided the transfer of such financial assistance, revenues, rights, assets or interests is determined by the corporation to be practicable, within the constraints and not inconsistent with the fiduciary obligations of the corporation imposed upon or established upon the corporation by any provision of the general statutes, the corporation’s bond resolutions or any other agreement or contract of the authority and to have no adverse effect on the tax-exempt status of any bonds of the corporation or the state.

(1972, P.A. 195, S. 4; P.A. 73-599, S. 10; P.A. 75-425, S. 54, 57; 75-461, S. 5, 6; P.A. 78-303, S. 109, 136; P.A. 81-384, S. 5, 13; P.A. 82-434, S. 3, 6; P.A. 84-512, S. 20, 30; P.A. 88-265, S. 10, 36; 88-266, S. 12, 46; 88-317, S. 93, 107; P.A. 90-270, S. 24, 38; P.A. 91-190, S. 6, 9; P.A. 93-217, S. 4, 5; P.A. 95-250, S. 10, 42; 95-309, S. 2, 11, 12; P.A. 00-178, S. 5; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1, S. 43, 46; P.A. 01-179, S. 10; P.A. 04-193, S. 2; P.A. 10-147, S. 2; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 159.)

History: P.A. 73-599 replaced Connecticut development commission and its secretary with Connecticut development authority and its executive director; P.A. 75-425 made authority subject to Sec. 4-26b when acquiring real estate involving use of public funds or bonds supported by full faith and credit of state; P.A. 75-461 authorized authority to insure “any or all payments to be made by the borrower under the terms of any agreement” for the extension of credit or making of a loan by the authority ... through the issuance of capital reserve fund bonds; P.A. 78-303 deleted reference to Sec. 4-60a; P.A. 81-384 included references to refinancing in Subsec. (12), to exemption from classified services in Subsec. (18) and to exemption from state office procedures in areas not funded by the state in Subsec. (22); P.A. 82-434 amended Subdiv. (18) to clarify that authority employees were outside the state collective bargaining process; P.A. 84-512 deleted references to Secs. 4-5 and 4-24a; P.A. 88-265 changed industrial project to economic development project, deleted reference to capital reserve fund bonds, deleted reference to first mortgage, empowered the Connecticut development authority to purchase, sell, pledge or assign economic development project mortgages, empowered the authority to provide liquidity or secondary markets for economic development project mortgages or other obligations, empowered the authority to borrow money and deleted provisions re Connecticut Development Credit Corporation; P.A. 88-266 amended Subdiv. (14) to substitute “procedures” for “amend and repeal regulations”, to require such procedures to be adopted in accordance with Sec. 1-121 instead of Secs. 4-166 to 4-174, inclusive, and to provide that regulation-making proceedings commenced before January 1, 1989, shall be governed by Secs. 4-166 to 4-74, inclusive, added new Subdiv. (22) re investment of funds and relettered former Subdiv. (22) as Subdiv. (23); P.A. 88-317 amended reference to Secs. 4-166 to 4-174 in Subdiv. (14) to include new sections added to Ch. 54, effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to all agency proceedings commencing on or after that date; P.A. 90-270 amended Subdiv. (1) to require approval of assistance in accordance with written procedures prepared pursuant to Subdiv. (14) and amended Subdiv. (14) to specify basis for establishing priorities in approving financial assistance; P.A. 91-190 amended Subdiv. (14) to change reference to “section 33-374g” to “section 33-374g of the general statutes, revision of 1958, revised to 1991” to reflect repeal of said section; (Revisor’s note: In 1993 the obsolete reference to repealed Sec. 36-322 was deleted editorially by the Revisors); P.A. 93-217 amended Subdiv. (7) to authorize the authority to enter into agreements for purchasing loans made by regional corporations, effective June 23, 1993; P.A. 95-250 added Subdivs. (24) and (25) re participation in programs administered by the Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 95-309 amended Subdiv. (24) to add provision re adverse effect on tax-exempt status of bonds and changed effective date of P.A. 95-250 but did not affect this section; P.A. 00-178 amended Subdiv. (12) to authorize providing tenant lease guarantees and performance guarantees; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1 changed effective date of P.A. 00-178 from October 1, 2000, to July 1, 2000, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-179 replaced references to chapters 578 and 579 and Sec. 10-320b(a) with references to Sec. 32-23d(t) and “authority legislation”, authorized the authority to purchase or repurchase its own bonds and sell, pledge or assign such bonds and made a technical change; P.A. 04-193 amended Subdiv. (12) to include investment in projects and the expanding and continuing in operation of a project, effective June 3, 2004; P.A. 10-147 amended Subdiv. (11) to delete provision re use of loans and grants, include loan guarantees and allow participation in loan, grant or other financing or economic or project development program of a federal agency, effective June 8, 2010; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 replaced “authority” with “corporation”, deleted former Subdiv. (10), redesignated existing Subdivs. (11) to (14) as Subdivs. (10) to (13), replaced “provisions of said authority legislation” with “purposes of the corporation” in redesignated Subdiv. (13), deleted former Subdiv. (15), redesignated existing Subdiv. (16) as Subdiv. (14), deleted former Subdivs. (17) and (18), redesignated existing Subdivs. (19) and (20) as Subdivs. (15) and (16), replaced “said authority legislation” with “the corporation” in redesignated Subdiv. (16), deleted former Subdivs. (21) and (22), redesignated existing Subdivs. (23) to (25) as Subdivs. (17) to (19) and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2012.

See Sec. 32-23s re interpretation of amendments to this section effective on June 29, 1981.

Sec. 32-23f. Bonds and notes. (a) Subject to the approval of the Treasurer of the state or the Treasurer’s deputy appointed pursuant to section 3-12, and other applicable limitations of the general statutes, the corporation may borrow money and issue its bonds and notes from time to time and use the proceeds thereof for the purposes of the corporation and to carry out its powers and to pay all other expenditures of the corporation incident to and necessary in connection with such purposes including providing funds to be paid into any fund or funds to secure such bonds or notes. All such bonds issued by the corporation, secured by a special capital reserve fund within the meaning of subsection (b) of section 32-23j, shall be general obligations of the corporation payable out of any revenues or other receipts, funds, or moneys of the corporation, subject only to any agreements with the holders of particular notes or bonds pledging any particular revenues, receipts, funds or moneys, provided the corporation may issue general obligation bonds of the corporation without the security of a special capital reserve fund. Any other such bonds or notes not issued in anticipation of the issuance of bonds referred to in the preceding sentence shall be special obligations of the corporation payable solely out of any revenues or other receipts, funds or moneys of the corporation pledged therefor. All such notes and such bonds may be executed and delivered in such manner and at such times, may be in such form and denominations and of such tenor and maturity or maturities, may be in bearer or registered form, as to principal and interest or as to principal alone, may be payable at such time or times not exceeding forty years from the date thereof, may be payable at such place or places whether within or without the state, may bear interest at such rate or rates payable at such time or times and at such place or places and evidenced in such manner, and may contain such provisions not inconsistent with said chapters and sections, as shall be provided in the resolution of the corporation authorizing the issuance of the bonds and notes.

(b) Issuance by the corporation of one or more series of bonds or notes for one or more purposes shall not preclude it from issuing other bonds or notes in connection with the same project or any other projects, but the proceeding wherein any subsequent bonds or notes may be issued shall recognize and protect any prior pledge or mortgage made for any prior issue of bonds or notes unless in the resolution authorizing such prior issue the right is reserved to issue subsequent bonds on a parity with such prior issue.

(c) Subject to the approval of the Treasurer of the state or his deputy appointed pursuant to section 3-12, any bonds or notes of the corporation may be sold at such price or prices, at public or private sale, in such manner and from time to time as may be determined by the corporation, and the corporation may pay all expenses, premiums and commissions which it may deem necessary or advantageous in connection with the issuance and sale thereof; and any moneys of the corporation, including proceeds from the sale of any bonds and notes, and revenues, receipts and income from any of its projects, may be invested and reinvested in such obligations, securities and other investments, including time deposits or certificates of deposit, or deposited or redeposited in such bank or banks as shall be provided in the resolution or resolutions authorizing the issuance of the bonds and notes.

(d) The corporation is authorized to provide for the issuance of its bonds for the purpose of refunding any bonds of the corporation then outstanding, including the payment of any redemption premium thereon and any interest accrued or to accrue to the earliest or subsequent date of redemption, purchase or maturity of such bonds, and, if deemed advisable by the corporation, for the additional purpose of paying all or any part of the cost of constructing and acquiring additions, improvements, extensions or enlargements of a project or any portion thereof. The proceeds of any such bonds issued for the purpose of refunding outstanding bonds may, in the discretion of the corporation, be applied to the purchase or retirement at maturity or redemption of such outstanding bonds either on their earliest or any subsequent redemption date, and may, pending such application, be placed in escrow to be applied to such purchase or retirement at maturity or redemption on such date as may be determined by the corporation.

(e) Whether or not the bonds or notes are of such form and character as to be negotiable instruments under article eight of title 42a, the bonds or notes shall be and are hereby made negotiable instruments within the meaning of and for all the purposes of article eight of said title 42a, subject only to the provisions of the bonds or notes for registration.

(f) The principal of and interest on bonds or notes issued by the corporation may be secured by a pledge of any revenues and receipts of the corporation derived from any project and may be additionally secured by a mortgage or deed of trust covering all or any part of a project, including any additions, improvements, extensions to or enlargements of any projects thereafter made. Such bonds or notes may also be secured by a pledge or assignment of a loan agreement, conditional sale agreement or agreement of sale or by an assignment of the lease of any project for the construction and acquisition of which said bonds or notes are issued and by an assignment of the revenues and receipts derived by the corporation from such project. The payments of principal and interest on such bonds or notes may be additionally secured by a pledge of any other property, revenues, moneys, or funds available to the corporation for such purpose. The resolution authorizing the issuance of any such bonds or notes and any such mortgage or deed of trust or lease or loan agreement, conditional sale agreement or agreement of sale or credit agreement may contain agreements and provisions respecting the establishment of reserves to secure such bonds or notes, the maintenance and insurance of the projects covered thereby, the fixing and collection of rents for any portion thereof leased by the corporation to others or the sums to be paid under any conditional sale agreement or agreement of sale entered into by the corporation with others, the creation and maintenance of special funds from such revenues and the rights and remedies available in the event of default, the vesting in a trustee or trustees of such property, rights, powers and duties in trust as the corporation may determine, which may include any or all of the rights, powers and duties of any trustee appointed by the holders of any bonds and notes and limiting or abrogating the right of the holders of any bonds and notes of the corporation to appoint a trustee under this chapter, chapter 578 and subsection (a) of section 10-409, or limiting the rights, powers and duties of such trustee; provision for a trust agreement by and between the corporation and a corporate trust which may be any trust company or bank having the powers of a trust company within or without the state, which agreement may provide for the pledging or assigning of any revenues or assets or income from assets to which or in which the corporation has any rights or interest, and may further provide for such other rights and remedies exercisable by the trustee as may be proper for the protection of the holders of any bonds or notes and not otherwise in violation of law, and such agreement may provide for the restriction of the rights of any individual holder of bonds or notes of the corporation and may contain any further provisions which are reasonable to delineate further the respective rights, duties, safeguards, responsibilities and liabilities of the corporation; persons and collective holders of bonds or notes of the corporation and the trustee; and covenants to do or refrain from doing such acts and things as may be necessary or convenient or desirable in order to better secure any bonds or notes of the corporation, or which, in the discretion of the corporation, will tend to make any bonds or notes to be issued more marketable notwithstanding that such covenants, acts or things may not be enumerated herein; and any other matters of like or different character, which in any way affect the security or protection of the bonds or notes, all as the corporation shall deem advisable and not in conflict with the provisions hereof. Each pledge, agreement, mortgage and deed of trust made for the benefit or security of any of the bonds or notes of the corporation shall be in effect until the principal of and interest on the bonds or notes for the benefit of which the same were made have been fully paid, or until provision has been made for payment in the manner provided in the resolution or resolutions authorizing their issuance. Any pledge made in respect of such bonds or notes shall be valid and binding from the time when the pledge is made; the revenues, money or property so pledged and thereafter received by the corporation shall immediately be subject to the lien of such pledge without any physical delivery thereof or further act; and the lien of any such pledge shall be valid and binding as against all parties having claims of any kind in tort, contract or otherwise against the corporation irrespective of whether such parties have notice thereof. Neither the resolution, trust indenture nor any other instrument by which a pledge is created need be recorded. The resolution authorizing the issuance of such bonds or notes may provide for the enforcement of any such pledge or security in any lawful manner. The corporation may elect to have the provisions of title 42a, the Connecticut uniform commercial code, apply to any pledge made by or to the corporation to secure its bonds or notes by filing a financing statement with respect to the security interest created by the pledge and, in such case, the financing statement shall be filed as if the debtor were located in this state.

(g) The corporation may provide in any resolution authorizing the issuance of bonds or notes that any project or part thereof or any addition, improvement, extension or enlargement thereof, may be constructed by the corporation or the lessee or any designee of the corporation, and may also provide in such proceedings for the time and manner of and requisites for disbursements to be made for the cost of such construction and disbursements as the corporation shall deem necessary or appropriate.

(h) The corporation may issue notes and bonds in accordance herewith for one or more projects or to provide funds to be used for the purposes of the corporation, without reference to a particular project or projects.

(i) The corporation is further authorized and empowered to issue bonds, notes or other obligations under this section the interest on which may be includable in the gross income of the holder or holders thereof under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding Internal Revenue Code of the United States, as from time to time amended, to the same extent and in the same manner that interest on bills, notes, bonds or other obligations of the United States is includable in the gross income of the holder or holders thereof under any such Internal Revenue Code. Any such bonds, notes or other obligations may be issued only upon a finding by the corporation that such issuance is necessary, is in the public interest, and is in furtherance of the purposes and powers of the corporation. The state hereby consents to such inclusion only for the bonds, notes or other obligations of the corporation so authorized.

(1972, P.A. 195, S. 5; P.A. 73-599, S. 11; P.A. 78-303, S. 110–112, 136; P.A. 81-384, S. 6, 7, 13; P.A. 82-434, S. 2, 6; P.A. 84-512, S. 21–23, 30; P.A. 89-211, S. 34; P.A. 01-132, S. 169; 01-179, S. 11, 12; P.A. 03-62, S. 26; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 174.)

History: P.A. 73-599 added references to powers of deputy treasurer, replaced Connecticut development commission with Connecticut development authority, specified in Subsec. (a) that bonds secured by a special reserve fund shall be general obligations of authority and that other bonds shall be special obligations and rephrased Subsec. (h) adding power to issue notes and bonds without reference to a particular project or projects; P.A. 78-303 deleted references to Sec. 4-60a in Subsecs. (a), (f) and (h); P.A. 81-384 added the words “in order to carry out its powers under” in the first sentence of Subsec. (a) and allowed the authority to elect to apply the Connecticut uniform commercial code to its pledges in Subsec. (f); P.A. 82-434 added Subsec. (i) allowing the issuance of taxable bonds; P.A. 84-512 deleted references to Secs. 4-5 and 4-24a in Subsecs. (a), (f) and (h); P.A. 89-211 clarified reference to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; (Revisor’s note: In 1993 the obsolete references in Subsecs. (a), (f) and (h) to repealed Sec. 36-322 were deleted editorially by the Revisors); P.A. 01-132 amended Subsec. (f) to replace reference to Sec. 42a-9-104(e) with Sec. 42a-9-109(d)(14) and add provision re filing of the financing statement as if the debtor were located in this state; P.A. 01-179 amended Subsec. (a) by providing that the authority may issue general obligation bonds not secured by a special capital reserve fund, deleting references to chapters 578 and 579 and Sec. 10-320b(a), adding references to authority legislation as defined in Sec. 32-23d(hh) and the purposes of the authority as defined in Sec. 32-23d(t) and making technical and conforming changes and amended Subsec. (h) by deleting references to chapter 578 and 579 and Sec. 10-320b(a) and adding reference to the purposes of the authority as defined in Sec. 32-23d(t); P.A. 03-62 amended Subsec. (f) to delete “notwithstanding the exclusions provided in subdivision (14) of subsection (d) of section 42a-9-109” from provision that authorizes the authority to elect to have provisions of title 42a apply to any pledge, reflecting the deletion of said Subdiv. by same public act, and to make technical changes; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 replaced “authority” with “corporation” and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2012.

See Sec. 32-22 re bond issues for purposes of this chapter.

See Sec. 32-23s re interpretation of amendments to this section effective on June 29, 1981.

Sec. 32-23g. Disposition of authority funds. Section 32-23g is repealed, effective July 1, 2012.

(1972, P.A. 195, S. 6; P.A. 73-599, S. 12; P.A. 78-303, S. 113, 136; P.A. 82-434, S. 4, 6; P.A. 84-512, S. 24, 30; P.A. 91-161, S. 5, 9; P.A. 01-179, S. 13; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 292.)

Sec. 32-23h. Exemption from state and local taxes and assessments. Payments in lieu of taxes. Approvals of pollution control facilities. The exercise of the powers granted to the corporation shall constitute the performance of an essential governmental function and the corporation shall not be required to pay any taxes or assessments upon or in respect of a project, or any property or moneys of the corporation, levied by any municipality or political subdivision or special district having taxing powers of the state, nor shall the corporation be required to pay state taxes of any kind, and the corporation, its projects, property and moneys and any bonds and notes issued under the provisions of said chapters and sections, their transfer and the income therefrom, including any profit made on the sale thereof, shall at all times be free from taxation of every kind by the state except for estate or succession taxes and by the municipalities and all other political subdivisions or special districts having taxing powers of the state; provided any person leasing a project from the corporation shall pay to the municipality, or other political subdivision or special district having taxing powers, in which such project is located, a payment in lieu of taxes which shall equal the taxes on real and personal property, including water and sewer assessments, which such lessee would have been required to pay had it been the owner of such property during the period for which such payment is made and neither the corporation nor its projects, properties, money or bonds and notes shall be obligated, liable or subject to lien of any kind for the enforcement, collection or payment thereof. The sale of tangible personal property or services by the corporation is exempt from the sales tax under chapter 219, and the storage, use or other consumption in this state of tangible personal property or services purchased from the corporation is exempt from the use tax under chapter 219. If and to the extent the proceedings by the corporation so provide, the corporation may agree to cooperate with the lessee of a project in connection with any administrative or judicial proceedings for determining the validity or amount of such payments and may agree to appoint or designate and reserve the right in and for such lessee to take all action which the corporation may lawfully take in respect of such payments and all matters relating thereto, provided such lessee shall bear and pay all costs and expenses of the corporation thereby incurred at the request of such lessee or by reason of any such action taken by such lessee on behalf of the corporation. Any lessee of a project which has paid the amounts in lieu of taxes required by this section to be paid shall not be required to pay any such taxes in which a payment in lieu thereof has been made to the state or to any such municipality or other political subdivision or special district having taxing powers, any other statute to the contrary notwithstanding. Any industrial pollution control facility financed by the corporation shall be subject to such approvals, as may be required by law, of any agency of the state and any agency of the United States having jurisdiction in the matter and, in the discretion of the corporation, may be acquired, constructed or improved as part of or jointly with a pollution control facility undertaken by a municipality or political subdivision or special district having taxing powers in the state and the corporation is authorized to cooperate and execute contracts with such a municipality or political subdivision or special district.

(1972, P.A. 195, S. 7; P.A. 73-599, S. 13; P.A. 78-303, S. 114, 136; P.A. 84-512, S. 25, 30; P.A. 97-316, S. 5, 11; P.A. 01-179, S. 14; P.A. 03-19, S. 76; P.A. 10-32, S. 108; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 169.)

History: P.A. 73-599 replaced Connecticut development commission with Connecticut development authority; P.A. 78-303 deleted reference to Sec. 4-60a; P.A. 84-512 deleted references to Secs. 4-5 and 4-24a; (Revisor’s note: In 1993 the obsolete reference to repealed Sec. 36-322 was deleted editorially by the Revisors); P.A. 97-316 exempted from sales and use tax sales of tangible personal property and services by the authority, effective July 10, 1997, and applicable to sales occurring on or after July 1, 1997; P.A. 01-179 replaced references to chapters 578 and 579 and Sec. 10-320b(a) with reference to authority legislation as defined in Sec. 32-23d(hh); P.A. 03-19 made technical changes, effective May 12, 2003; P.A. 10-32 made a technical change, effective May 10, 2010; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 replaced “authority” with “corporation” and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23i. Bonds as legal investments. Bonds issued by the corporation under the provisions of section 32-23f are hereby made securities in which all public officers and public bodies of the state and its political subdivisions, all insurance companies, credit unions, building and loan associations, investment companies, savings banks, banking associations, trust companies, executors, administrators, trustees and other fiduciaries and pension, profit-sharing and retirement funds may properly and legally invest funds, including capital in their control or belonging to them. Such bonds are hereby made securities which may properly and legally be deposited with and received by any state or municipal officer or any agency or municipality of the state for any purpose for which the deposit of bonds or obligations of the state is now or may hereafter be authorized by law. The corporation and any subsidiary thereof may purchase and hold bonds or notes issued by the corporation or any such subsidiary.

(1972, P.A. 195, S. 8; P.A. 73-599, S. 14; P.A. 78-303, S. 115, 136; P.A. 84-512, S. 26, 30; P.A. 01-179, S. 15; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 175.)

History: P.A. 73-599 replaced Connecticut development commission with Connecticut development authority and “political subdivision” with “municipality” and authorized investments by savings banks; P.A. 78-303 deleted reference to Sec. 4-60a; P.A. 84-512 deleted references to Secs. 4-5 and 4-24a; (Revisor’s note: In 1993 the obsolete reference to repealed Sec. 36-322 was deleted editorially by the Revisors); P.A. 01-179 replaced references to chapters 578 and 579 and Sec. 10-320b(a) with reference to authority legislation as defined in Sec. 32-23d(hh); June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 replaced “authority” with “corporation” and reference to Sec. 32-23d(hh) with reference to Sec. 32-23f, and added provision re purchasing and holding bonds or notes issued by the corporation or any subsidiary, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23j. Payment of bonds to be obligation of corporation. Capital reserve funds. Annual appropriation. (a) Bonds or notes of the corporation issued under the provisions of section 32-23f shall not be deemed to constitute a debt or liability of the state or of any municipality thereof or a pledge of the faith and credit of the state or of any such municipality and shall not constitute bonds or notes issued or guaranteed by the state within the meaning of section 3-21, but shall be payable solely from the revenues and funds herein provided therefor. All such bonds or notes shall contain on the face thereof a statement to the effect that neither the state of Connecticut nor any municipality thereof other than the corporation shall be obligated to pay the same or the interest thereon and that neither the faith and credit nor the taxing power of the state of Connecticut or of any municipality is pledged to the payment of the principal of or the interest on such bonds or notes.

(b) The corporation may create and establish one or more reserve funds to be known as special capital reserve funds and may pay into such special capital reserve funds (1) any moneys appropriated and made available by the state for the purposes of such funds, (2) any proceeds of sale of notes or bonds, to the extent provided in the resolution of the corporation authorizing the issuance thereof, and (3) any other moneys which may be made available to the corporation for the purpose of such funds from any other source or sources. The moneys held in or credited to any special capital reserve fund established under this section, except as hereinafter provided, shall be used solely for the payment of the principal of bonds of the corporation secured by such special capital reserve fund as the same become due, the purchase of such bonds of the corporation, the payment of interest on such bonds of the corporation or the payment of any redemption premium required to be paid when such bonds are redeemed prior to maturity; provided, the corporation shall have power to provide that moneys in any such fund shall not be withdrawn therefrom at any time in such amount as would reduce the amount of such funds to less than the maximum amount of principal and interest becoming due by reason of maturity or a required sinking fund installment in the succeeding calendar year on the bonds of the corporation then outstanding and secured by such special capital reserve fund or such lesser amount specified by the corporation in its resolution authorizing the issuance of any such bonds, such amount being herein referred to as the “required minimum capital reserve”, except for the purpose of paying such principal of, redemption premium and interest on such bonds of the corporation secured by such special capital reserve becoming due and for the payment of which other moneys of the corporation are not available. The corporation may provide that it shall not issue bonds at any time if the required minimum capital reserve on the bonds outstanding and the bonds then to be issued and secured by a special capital reserve fund will exceed the amount of such special capital reserve fund at the time of issuance, unless the corporation, at the time of the issuance of such bonds, shall deposit in such special capital reserve fund from the proceeds of the bonds so to be issued, or otherwise, an amount which, together with the amount then in such special capital reserve fund, will be not less than the required minimum capital reserve. On or before December first, annually, there is deemed to be appropriated from the state General Fund such sums, if any, as shall be certified by the commissioner to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and Treasurer of the state, as necessary to restore each such special capital reserve fund to the amount equal to the required minimum capital reserve of such fund, and such amounts shall be allotted and paid to the corporation. For the purpose of evaluation of any such special capital reserve fund, obligations acquired as an investment for any such fund shall be valued at amortized cost. Nothing contained in this section shall preclude the corporation from establishing and creating other debt service reserve funds in connection with the issuance of bonds or notes of the corporation. Subject to any agreement or agreements with holders of outstanding notes and bonds of the corporation, any amount or amounts allotted and paid to the corporation by the state pursuant to this section shall be repaid to the state from moneys of the corporation at such time as such moneys are not required for any other of its corporate purposes and in any event shall be repaid to the state on the date one year after all bonds and notes of the corporation theretofore issued on the date or dates such amount or amounts are allotted and paid to the corporation or thereafter issued, together with interest on such bonds and notes, with interest on any unpaid installments of interest and all costs and expenses in connection with any action or proceeding by or on behalf of the holders thereof, are fully met and discharged. Notwithstanding any other provisions contained in said chapters and sections, the aggregate amount of bonds secured by such special capital reserve funds authorized to be created and established by this section, shall not exceed four hundred fifty million dollars. Only economic development projects may be assisted or financed by such bonds and the proceeds of such bonds shall not be used for such purpose unless the corporation is of the opinion and determines that the revenues derived from the economic development project or projects shall be sufficient (1) to pay the applicable principal of and interest on the bonds, the proceeds of which are used to finance the economic development project or projects, (2) to establish, increase and maintain any reserves deemed by the corporation to be advisable to secure the payment of the principal of and interest on such bonds, (3) unless the contract with the person obligates the person to pay for the maintenance and insurance of the economic development project, to pay the cost of maintaining the economic development project in good repair and keeping it properly insured, and (4) to pay such other costs or taxes on the economic development project as may be required and that such person is found by the corporation to be financially responsible and presumptively able to comply with the terms and conditions of any lease, conditional sale or credit agreement or loan agreement, agreement of sale, mortgage or other agreement as made by it with the corporation with respect to the industrial project; in making these determinations and this finding, the corporation shall consider all information reasonably available to it including information as to the business reputation of such person, the character and ability of its management, the adequacy of its financial resources, the market demand for its products, the adequacy of its distribution methods, its past earnings and the likelihood that it can successfully meet any required payments under such lease, mortgage, loan agreement or other agreement out of current income.

(1972, P.A. 195, S. 9; P.A. 73-599, S. 15; P.A. 75-513, S. 4, 5; P.A. 76-140, S. 3, 4; 76-430, S. 2, 3; P.A. 77-155, S. 3; 77-299, S. 4; 77-614, S. 19, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 116, 136; P.A. 80-171, S. 2; 80-344; 80-465, S. 4; P.A. 81-384, S. 8, 13; P.A. 84-512, S. 27, 30; P.A. 87-536, S. 6, 7; P.A. 88-265, S. 11, 36; P.A. 01-179, S. 16; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 176.)

History: P.A. 73-599 replaced Connecticut development commission and its chairman with Connecticut development authority and commissioner of commerce, referred to municipalities rather than political subdivisions and rephrased provision re use of bond proceeds for clarity; P.A. 75-513 added Subsec. (c) re security for bonds and notes for water projects; P.A. 76-140 made Subsec. (c) applicable to ferry facility projects; P.A. 76-430 added Subsec. (d) re bonds and notes for recreational projects; P.A. 77-155 made Subsec. (c) applicable to railroad facility projects; P.A. 77-299 made Subsec. (c) applicable to municipal civic and cultural center projects; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of finance and control with secretary of the office of policy and management and made “commissioner”, referring to commissioner of commerce, refer instead to commissioner of economic development; P.A. 78-303 deleted reference to Sec. 4-60a in Subsec. (a); P.A. 80-171 made Subsec. (c) applicable to public transportation facility projects; P.A. 80-344 increased bond limit in Subsec. (b) from $100,000,000 to $200,000,000; P.A. 80-465 made Subsec. (d) applicable to urban projects; P.A. 81-384 increased the maximum amount that may be secured by the special capital reserve funds from $200,000,000 to $300,000,000, specified that bonds be used only for “industrial” projects in Subsec. (b) and deleted Subsecs. (c) and (d) which had prohibited use of bond proceeds for water projects, ferry facilities, railroad facilities, urban projects, etc; P.A. 84-512 deleted references to Secs. 4-5 and 4-24a in Subsec. (a); P.A. 87-536 amended Subsec. (b) to allow the authority to specify a lessened capital reserve requirement in a bond authorizing resolution and set maximum amount of bonds secured by special capital reserve funds at $450,000,000; P.A. 88-265 changed industrial project to economic development project and deleted provisions re Connecticut Development Credit Corporation; (Revisor’s note: In 1993 the obsolete reference in Subsec. (a) to repealed Sec. 36-322 was deleted editorially by the Revisors); P.A. 01-179 amended Subsec. (a) to replace references to chapters 578 and 579 and Sec. 10-320b(a) with reference to authority legislation as defined in Sec. 32-23d(hh); June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 replaced “authority” with “corporation” and, in Subsec. (a), replaced reference to Sec. 32-23d(hh) with reference to Sec. 32-23f, effective July 1, 2012.

See Sec. 32-23s re interpretation of amendments to this section effective on June 29, 1981.

Sec. 32-23k. State pledge to bond holders and contractors. The state of Connecticut does hereby pledge to and agree with the holders of any bonds and notes issued under the provisions of section 32-23f, and with those parties who may enter into contracts with Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, or its successor agency, that the state will not limit or alter the rights hereby vested in the corporation until such obligations, together with the interest thereon, are fully met and discharged and such contracts are fully performed on the part of the corporation, provided nothing contained herein shall preclude such limitation or alteration if and when adequate provision shall be made by law for the protection of the holders of such bonds and notes of the corporation or those entering into such contracts with the corporation. The corporation is authorized to include this pledge and undertaking for the state in such bonds and notes or contracts.

(1972, P.A. 195, S. 10; P.A. 73-599, S. 16; P.A. 78-303, S. 117, 136; P.A. 84-512, S. 28, 30; P.A. 01-179, S. 17; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 168.)

History: P.A. 73-599 replaced Connecticut development commission with Connecticut development authority; P.A. 78-303 deleted reference to Sec. 4-60a; P.A. 84-512 deleted references to Secs. 4-5 and 4-24a; (Revisor’s note: In 1993 the obsolete reference to repealed Sec. 36-322 was deleted editorially by the Revisors); P.A. 01-179 replaced references to chapters 578 and 579 and Sec. 10-320b(a) with references to authority legislation as defined in Sec. 32-23d(hh); June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 replaced “Connecticut Development Authority” with “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated”, replaced “authority” with “corporation” and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23l. Industrial and commercial development. Powers of Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated. Sections 32-23b to 32-23k, inclusive, shall be deemed to provide a complete method for the doing of the things authorized thereby and shall be regarded as not in conflict with, or as restrictive of, powers conferred by any other laws, any other existing provisions of the general statutes notwithstanding. No proceedings, notice or approval shall be required for the issuance of any bonds or notes or any instrument as security therefor, except as is herein provided.

(1972, P.A. 195, S. 11; P.A. 73-177, S. 1; 73-599, S. 17.)

History: P.A. 73-177 clarified construction provision and stated that action may be taken upon affirmative vote of ex-officio member’s designated deputy; P.A. 73-599 deleted provisions re construction of powers and re ex-officio members of commission.

Sec. 32-23m. Liberal construction. This chapter, being necessary for the welfare of the state and its inhabitants, shall be liberally construed, so as to effect its purposes.

(1972, P.A. 195, S. 27.)

Sec. 32-23n. Economic assistance grants for the industrial projects in areas of high unemployment. Section 32-23n is repealed.

(P.A. 77-370, S. 3, 13; P.A. 78-357, S. 3, 16; P.A. 86-107, S. 8, 19; P.A. 88-265, S. 12, 36; P.A. 94-95, S. 25.)

Sec. 32-23o. Small Contractors’ Revolving Loan Fund. Loans authorized by the corporation. Transfer of certain funds to the Connecticut Growth Fund. (a) A Small Contractors’ Revolving Loan Fund is created. In order to stimulate and encourage the growth and development of the state economy through the private enterprise of small contractors, the state, acting by the Department of Economic and Community Development, may provide working capital loans or provide lines of credit to small contractors from the Small Contractors’ Revolving Loan Fund. For the purposes of this section, “small contractor” means contractors, subcontractors, minority business enterprises, manufacturers or service companies who have been doing business and have maintained their principal office and place of business in the state for a period of at least one year prior to the date of their application for assistance under this section, whose gross revenues in their most recently completed fiscal year did not exceed one million five hundred thousand dollars and which are considered small in accordance with such size standards as shall be established by regulations adopted by the department. In establishing such standards, the department shall consider the number of employees of the concern, provided any maximum number of employees which a small contractor may have under such definition shall vary from business to business to the extent necessary to reflect different characteristics of such business and to take proper account of other relevant factors. Not less than twenty-five per cent of the working capital loans and lines of credit provided under this section shall be made available to minority business enterprises. The department shall charge and collect interest on each such working capital loan or line of credit at a rate to be determined in accordance with subsection (t) of section 3-20. In no event shall the total amount of such working capital loans or lines of credit provided to any single small contractor in any period of twelve consecutive months exceed two hundred thousand dollars. Payments made by small contractors on all working capital loans and lines of credit paid to the Treasurer for deposit in the Small Contractors’ Revolving Loan Fund shall be transferred to the Connecticut Growth Fund established under section 32-23v. The department shall promulgate rules and regulations in accordance with chapter 54 to carry out the provisions of this section. Such rules and regulations shall establish size standards for different types of small contractors, loan procedures, repayment terms, security requirements, default and remedy provisions and such other terms and conditions as the department shall deem appropriate.

(b) Each such loan or extension of credit shall be authorized by Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated or, if the corporation so determines, by a committee of the corporation consisting of the chairman and either one other member of the corporation or its executive director, as specified in the determination of the corporation. Any administrative expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of this section, to the extent not paid by the corporation or from moneys appropriated to the department, shall be paid from the Small Contractors’ Revolving Loan Fund. Payments from the Small Contractors’ Revolving Loan Fund to small contractors or to pay such administrative expenses shall be made by the Treasurer upon certification by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development that the payment is authorized under the provisions of this section, under the applicable rules and regulations of the department, and, if made to a small contractor, under the terms and conditions established by the corporation or the duly appointed committee thereof in authorizing the making of the loan or the extension of credit.

(c) The State Bond Commission may authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series in accordance with section 3-20 and in a principal amount necessary to carry out the purposes of this section, but not in excess of an aggregate amount of one million five hundred thousand dollars, provided said commission may not authorize the issuance of any bonds under the provisions of this section in excess of one million five hundred thousand dollars on or after June 2, 1986. All of said bonds shall be payable at such place or places as may be determined by the Treasurer pursuant to section 3-19 and shall bear such date or dates, mature at such time or times, not exceeding five years from their respective dates, bear interest at such rate or different or varying rates and payable at such time or times, be in such denominations, be in such form with or without interest coupons attached, carry such registration and transfer privileges, be payable in such medium of payment and be subject to such terms of redemption with or without premium as, irrespective of the provisions of said section 3-20, may be provided by the authorization of the State Bond Commission or fixed in accordance therewith. The proceeds of the sale of such bonds, together with premium and interest on sale, if any, shall be deposited in the Small Contractors’ Revolving Loan Fund created by this section. Such bonds shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on such bonds as the same become due. Accordingly, and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of such bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due. Net earnings on investments or reinvestments of proceeds, accrued interest and premiums on the issuance of such bonds, after payment therefrom of expenses incurred by the Treasurer or State Bond Commission in connection with their issuance, shall become part of the Small Contractors’ Revolving Loan Fund.

(P.A. 77-370, S. 4, 13; 77-614, S. 284, 587, 610; P.A. 78-115, S. 1–3; 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 79-471, S. 1, 2; P.A. 82-44, S. 1, 3; 82-358, S. 5, 10; 82-369, S. 13, 28; P.A. 83-580, S. 5, 8; P.A. 86-107, S. 9, 19; P.A. 87-416, S. 18, 24; P.A. 88-265, S. 34, 36; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 replaced department and commissioner of commerce with department and commissioner of economic development, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-115 included manufacturers and service companies in definition of “small contractor” and added provisions re establishment of size standards by department; P.A. 79-471 changed bond limit in Subsec. (d) from $1,500,000 to $2,000,000 provided commission may not authorize issuance of bonds in excess of $1,500,000 on or after July 1, 1982; P.A. 82-44 increased the gross revenue limit from $1,000,000 to $1,500,000; P.A. 82-358 amended Subsec. (a) to include minority business enterprises definition of small contractor and to require that 25% or more of loans and lines of credit be made available to minority business enterprises; P.A. 82-369 amended Subsec. (d) to increase bond authorization from $2,000,000 to $2,500,000 and to replace provision that commission may not authorize issuance of bonds in excess of $1,500,000 on or after July 1, 1982, with provision that commission may not authorize issuance of bonds in excess of that amount on or after June 30, 1986; P.A. 83-580 provided for the transfer of outstanding assets and liabilities of the fund to the small contractors and manufacturers revolving loan fund in Subsecs. (a) and (c) and reduced bond authorization in Subsec. (d) from $2,500,000 to $1,500,000; P.A. 86-107 deleted reference to state treasurer as trustee of fund; P.A. 87-416 provided that the interest rates on loans would be determined in accordance with Sec. 3-20(t); P.A. 88-265 substituted Connecticut growth fund for small contractors and manufacturers revolving loan fund, deleted Subsec. (c) and redesignated Subsec. (d) as new Subsec. (c); P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “Connecticut Development Authority” and “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” and “corporation”, respectively, in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23p. Loans by the corporation in areas of high unemployment. The corporation may determine to make long term loans approved on or after July 1, 1978, for any economic development project located in an area of high unemployment financed with the proceeds of bonds at an interest rate which is substantially equal to the interest rate payable on such bonds adjusted to reflect issuance costs. The corporation may also determine not to charge mortgage insurance premiums with respect to mortgage loans approved on or after July 1, 1978, for any economic development project located in an area of high unemployment the payments on which are insured pursuant to section 32-16. Any such determination shall apply to all loans made and mortgages insured during the period the determination is in force and, once applicable to a loan or mortgage, shall remain applicable for the full term of the loan or mortgage. The corporation may rescind any such determination at any time if the corporation finds in its sole judgment that the rescinding of the determination may be necessary in order to preserve the financial integrity of the corporation or the insurance fund. This section shall not apply to any other fees or charges imposed by the corporation, including without limitation application, acceptance, commitment, special purpose, bond issuance and attorney’s fees, which may be charged without regard to the location of the proposed economic development project.

(P.A. 78-357, S. 4, 16; P.A. 88-265, S. 13, 36; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: P.A. 88-265 changed industrial project to economic development project and deleted reference to capital reserve fund bonds; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23q. Exemption from maximum interest and charges on loans. The provisions of sections 37-4 and 37-6 shall not apply to any bond, note or other obligation issued by Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, or any loan, lease, sale agreement, note or other obligation evidencing a financial obligation to the corporation.

(P.A. 81-384, S. 10, 13; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: Pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “Connecticut Development Authority” and “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” and “corporation”, respectively, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23r. Preference in employment by borrowers and mortgagees. Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated shall require in all instances that a borrower or mortgagee shall enter into an agreement with the corporation to give preference in employment to persons as set forth herein:

(1) Where the funds involved are to be used for the purchase, lease or alteration of an existing facility which has been inoperative and the borrower or mortgagee intends to make, assemble or produce products and or services comparable to those previously made, assembled, or produced at such facility, preference shall be given to those previously employed at such facility within the twelve-month period immediately preceding its closing in the order of their total length of employment at the closed facility, provided that they can perform the work required by the borrower or mortgagee at such existing facility;

(2) Where the funds involved are to be used for the purchase, lease or alteration of an existing facility which has been inoperative and the borrower or mortgagee intends to make, assemble or produce products different from those previously made, assembled or produced at the facility, preference in employment and training shall be given to those previously employed at such facility within the twelve-month period immediately preceding its closing in the order of their total length of employment at the closed facility, provided such training shall not exceed twelve weeks; and

(3) Where the borrower or mortgagee is not the operating or producing entity at the facility being financed, the borrower or mortgagee shall be required to enter into an irrevocable agreement with the operating or producing entity containing the above requirements and proof of such agreement shall be provided to the corporation before approval of any funds or insurance.

(P.A. 81-384, S. 11, 13; P.A. 06-196, S. 163; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subdiv. (2), effective June 7, 2006; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “Connecticut Development Authority” and “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” and “corporation”, respectively, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23s. Interpretation of certain amendments. The amendments to sections 32-11a, 32-16, 32-23c, 32-23d, 32-23e, 32-23f and 32-23j effective on June 29, 1981, are intended and shall be construed as a clarification and expansion of the powers of Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, and shall not limit or impair any obligation incurred or right exercised by the corporation under its powers prior to said date.

(P.A. 81-384, S. 12, 13; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: Pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “Connecticut Development Authority” and “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” and “corporation”, respectively, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23t. Legislative finding. It is hereby found and declared as a matter of legislative determination that there is a continuing need for stimulation and encouragement of the growth and development of the state economy through the provision of two comprehensive loan programs and the establishment of a locally administered business outreach center challenge grant program which address the economic needs of a wide variety of business enterprises located throughout the state, including, but not limited to, development corporations, small contractors, small manufacturers, small business investment companies, employee groups, small water companies, small exporters, businesses affected by emergencies or disasters, small farmers, small retailers or service firms, high risk small businesses, start-up businesses, businesses located in various regions of the state, and other businesses that may be unable to obtain adequate financing from conventional sources. It is further found and declared that consolidating many of the separate loan programs currently administered by the Department of Economic and Community Development into two revolving loan funds to be administered by Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated will enhance such programs for all borrowers, permit better targeting of state assistance to firms important to the economic base of the state, improve marketing, accounting and administration, alleviate certain administrative and technical problems created by changes in federal tax law, permit more effective use of existing resources and better enable the state to protect itself from losses through the establishment of a loan loss reserve and an improved loan work-out capability. It is further found and declared that major changes in the financial markets have altered the availability of capital to small and medium firms in the state, that assistance to high risk small and start-up businesses is important to the state economy and that such loan consolidation will better enable Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated to leverage state assistance through active participation of private sector investments in small businesses.

(P.A. 88-265, S. 23, 36; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “Connecticut Development Authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23u. Consolidation of financial assistance programs. Effective July 1, 1988, the Small Contractors and Manufacturers Revolving Loan Fund established under section 32-82, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, the Employee Ownership Trust Fund established under section 32-151, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, the Loan Incentives for Employment Fund established under section 32-130, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, the small business redevelopment loan program, used to provide state financial assistance for any industrial or business project, established under section 8-168, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, the Northeast Connecticut Capital Assistance Fund established under section 32-156, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, and the Exporters Revolving Loan Fund established under section 32-162, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, are consolidated into the Connecticut Growth Fund established under section 32-23v. As of July 1, 1988, cash, notes, receivables and all other assets, liabilities, appropriations, authorizations, allocations and attributes then applicable or attributable to each of said funds and programs and three-quarters of the amount of cash existing by virtue of subsection (d) of section 16a-43, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, shall be transferred to the Connecticut Growth Fund established under said section 32-23v. All loans and guarantees made or committed and lines of credit extended under said sections 8-168, 32-82, 32-130, 32-151, 32-156 and 32-162 shall be treated as having been made, committed or extended under section 32-23v and all payments received by the state on account thereof, excluding any payments which have been deposited into the General Fund prior to July 1, 1988, shall be credited or deposited to the Connecticut Growth Fund. Any and all bonds issued and any and all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission prior to July 1, 1988, for the purposes contained in said sections 8-168, 32-82, 32-130, 32-151, 32-156 and 32-162 are deemed issued or authorized, as the case may be, for the purposes of section 32-23v and shall be charged against the maximum bond authorization permitted under subsection (i) of said section, and the proceeds from bonds authorized under sections 8-169, 32-82, 32-131, 32-157 and 32-163, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, shall be credited or deposited to the Connecticut Growth Fund established under section 32-23v when issued. The repeal of said sections 8-169, 32-82, 32-131, 32-157 and 32-163 shall not affect the validity, enforceability or binding nature of any bonds of the state issued pursuant to said sections.

(P.A. 88-265, S. 24, 36.)

See Sec. 8-168a re transfer of funds to the Connecticut Growth Fund.

Sec. 32-23v. Connecticut Growth Fund. (a) As used in this section:

(1) “Affiliate” means a business concern which directly controls or is controlled by another business concern, or a third party which controls both business concerns;

(2) “Appraised value” means the cost or fair market value of an asset as determined in the discretion of Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated;

(3) “Corporation” means Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated established under section 32-11a or its successor;

(4) “Department” means the Department of Economic and Community Development or its successor agency;

(5) “Eligible borrower” means any person who, in the discretion of the corporation, demonstrates (A) financial need by either its inability to obtain conventional financial assistance in satisfactory amounts or satisfactory terms, or to remain or locate or continue operations in this state without the assistance provided for in this section; and (B) that the project for which the assistance provided for in this section is being requested will materially contribute or provide support to the economic base of the state, as evidenced by one or more of the following criteria: (i) That such project will create or retain high quality jobs within the state and not simply replace existing jobs in other locations or businesses within the state; (ii) that such project will effectuate or facilitate the export of goods or services beyond the state boundaries; (iii) that such project represents a new product or service that has the potential for significant future contribution to the state’s economic base; or (iv) that such project will significantly contribute to, support or enhance existing activities which are important to the economic base of the state;

(6) “Loans” means (A) loans and extensions of lines of credit, (B) any and all forms of equity investments in any business entity, and (C) any combination of such loans, lines of credit and equity investments;

(7) “Person” means any person or entity, including affiliates, engaged in or for the purpose of acquiring a for-profit activity or activities in this state, and whose gross revenues, including revenues of affiliates, did not exceed twenty-five million dollars in its most recently completed fiscal year prior to the date of its application for assistance under this section, or if such person has not been in business for at least one year prior to the date of such application, if the corporation determines in its discretion that such person’s gross revenues, including revenues of affiliates, are not likely to exceed twenty-five million dollars in its first fiscal year;

(8) “Small business investment company” means any entity defined in 15 USC 662(3); and

(9) “State or local development corporation” means any entity organized under the laws of this state which has the authority to promote and assist the growth and development of business concerns in the areas covered by their operations.

(b) In order to stimulate and encourage the growth and development of the state economy, the Connecticut Growth Fund is hereby created to provide fixed asset financing, working capital and high risk and start-up capital to firms important to the state’s economic base. The state, acting through the corporation, may make, or participate with private sector financial institutions in making loans from said fund to eligible borrowers, state and local development corporations and small business investment companies, in accordance with the provisions of this section. Payments of principal and interest or other payments on such loans, and funds received by the corporation from any other source for the purposes of the Connecticut Growth Fund, shall be deposited into said fund and shall be used to make additional loans and for such other purposes authorized by this section.

(c) The state, acting through the corporation, may make, or participate with private sector financial institutions in making loans from the Connecticut Growth Fund to eligible borrowers in accordance with the following provisions:

(1) The aggregate outstanding amount of any loans made under this section to any one eligible borrower, including affiliates, shall not exceed four million dollars;

(2) The amount of any loan made under this section shall not (A) for real property exceed ninety per cent of either the cost or appraised value of the real property; (B) for machinery and equipment exceed eighty per cent of either the cost or appraised value of the machinery and equipment; and (C) for working capital, which may include, but need not be limited to, capital for expansion or restructuring of a business, exceed such eligible borrower’s total working capital needs as determined by the corporation in its discretion at the time of application for assistance under this section;

(3) The maximum term for repayment of any loan made under this section shall not exceed (A) twenty years for real property; (B) ten years for machinery and equipment; and (C) seven years for working capital; and

(4) Subdivisions (2) and (3) of this subsection shall not apply if and to the extent that the corporation determines in its discretion that such provisions are inappropriate for the purpose of providing either start-up, high risk or acquisition financing.

(d) The state, acting through the corporation, may make loans to state or local development corporations and small business investment companies for the purpose of providing funds to enable such state or local development corporations or small business investment companies to make loans to eligible borrowers. The aggregate outstanding amount of any loan made under this subsection to a state or local development corporation or small business investment company for a loan to any one eligible borrower shall not exceed one million dollars, provided such aggregate limit shall not apply in the case of a loan in the form of an equity investment made under this subsection to a small business investment company for a loan in the form of an equity investment. Assets of the Connecticut Growth Fund may be allocated for such equity investments.

(e) To carry out the purposes of this section, the corporation shall have those powers set forth in section 32-23e. The corporation shall also have the power to take all reasonable steps and exercise all available remedies necessary or desirable to protect the obligations or interest of the corporation including, but not limited to, the purchase or redemption in foreclosure proceedings, bankruptcy proceedings or in other judicial proceedings of any property on which it holds a mortgage or other lien or in which it has an interest, and for such purposes payment may be made from the Connecticut Growth Fund.

(f) The borrowers shall pay such costs of processing applications for loans made under this section, including closing costs, as the corporation determines are reasonable and necessary. The department may assist the corporation in carrying out the provisions of this section and any administrative expenses incurred by the department for services provided to the corporation or expenses incurred by the corporation in carrying out the provisions of this section, to the extent not paid by the borrower or from moneys appropriated to the department or the corporation for such purposes, may be paid from the Connecticut Growth Fund.

(g) Each loan may be authorized by the corporation or, if the corporation so determines, by a committee of the corporation, one of whose members may be its executive director. The rate of interest and other terms of each loan to the extent not specifically provided for herein shall be determined by the corporation in its discretion.

(h) Payments from the Connecticut Growth Fund to eligible borrowers, state and local development corporations or small business investment companies or to pay administrative expenses shall be made upon certification by the executive director of the corporation that payment is authorized under the provisions of this section and under any applicable regulations or program criteria of the corporation.

(i) For the purposes of this section, the State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time, to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate fifty million five hundred eighty thousand dollars. The proceeds from the sale of said bonds shall be used by the department to make grants to the corporation for deposit in the Connecticut Growth Fund for the purposes authorized under this section. The terms and conditions of said grants shall be governed in accordance with a grant contract entered into between the department and corporation. All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Said bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of such bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization, which is signed by or on behalf of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and states such terms and conditions as said commission in its discretion may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for the punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due. Net earnings on any assets of the Connecticut Growth Fund, including investments or reinvestments of proceeds, accrued interest and premiums on the issuance of such bonds, after payment therefrom of expenses incurred by the Treasurer or State Bond Commission in connection with their issuance, shall become part of the Connecticut Growth Fund.

(P.A. 88-265, S. 25, 36; P.A. 89-119, S. 3, 4; 89-331, S. 22, 30; P.A. 90-297, S. 16, 24; P.A. 91-161, S. 6, 7, 9; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-4, S. 18, 25; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-7, S. 20, 36; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1, S. 44, 45; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2, S. 198, 203; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; 95-272, S. 13, 29; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2, S. 71.)

History: P.A. 89-119 amended definition of “loans” in Subsec. (a); P.A. 89-331 increased the bond authorization from $14,000,000 to $21,000,000; P.A. 90-297 increased the bond authorization to $30,000,000; P.A. 91-161 amended Subsec. (a) to redefine “person” to refer to entities with gross revenues of $25,000,000 rather than $10,000,000 and amended Subsec. (c) to increase the amount of outstanding loans any one business and its affiliates can have from $1,000,000 to $4,000,000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-4 increased the bond authorization from $30,000,000 to $48,000,000; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-7 amended Subsec. (i) to increase the bond authorization to $63,000,000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1 amended Subsec. (d) by excluding from the loan limit amount any loan in the form of an equity investment, effective July 1, 1993; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2 in Subsec. (i) decreased bond authorization to $55,500,000, effective June 21, 1994; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 95-272 amended Subsec. (i) to reduce authorization to $50,580,000, effective July 1, 1995; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “Connecticut Development Authority” and “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” and “corporation”, respectively, effective July 1, 2012; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-2 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(8).

See Sec. 32-477 re priority for applicants establishing work environments consistent with criteria in Sec. 32-475.

Sec. 32-23w. Consolidation of financial assistance programs. Effective July 1, 1988, the Business Emergency Relief Revolving Loan Fund established under subsection (d) of section 16a-43, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, the Enterprise Zone Capital Formation Revolving Loan Fund established under section 32-73, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, the Investor-Owned Water Companies Revolving Loan Fund established under section 25-33a, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, the Dam Repair Revolving Fund established under section 32-9aa, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, the Small Contractors’ Surety Bond Guarantee Fund established under section 32-53, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, the Road and Bridge Repair Business Disruption Trust Fund established under section 32-9oo, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, and the program of loans to minority business enterprises established under section 3 of public act 87-577* and in effect on June 30, 1988, are hereby consolidated into the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund established under section 32-23x. As of July 1, 1988, cash, notes, receivables and all other assets, liabilities, appropriations, authorizations, allocations and attributes then applicable or attributable to each of said funds and programs, except three-quarters of the amount of cash existing by virtue of said subsection (d) of section 16a-43, shall be transferred to the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund established under said section 32-23x. All loans and guarantees made or committed and lines of credit extended under said subsection (d) of section 16a-43, said sections 25-33a, 32-9aa, 32-53, 32-73, 32-9oo and section 3 of public act 87-577* shall be treated as having been made, committed or extended under section 32-23x and all payments received by the state on account thereof, excluding any payments which have been deposited into the General Fund prior to July 1, 1988 shall be credited or deposited to the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund. Any and all bonds issued and any and all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission prior to July 1, 1988, for the purposes contained in said subsection (d) of section 16a-43, said sections 25-33a, 32-9aa, 32-53, 32-73, 32-9oo and section 3 of public act 87-577* are deemed issued or authorized, as the case may be, for the purposes of section 32-23x and shall be charged against the maximum bond authorization permitted under subsection (i) of said section, and the proceeds from bonds authorized under sections 25-33a, 32-9aa, 32-54, 32-74, and 32-9pp, revision of 1958, revised to 1987 and in effect on June 30, 1988, shall be credited or deposited to the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund established under section 32-23x when issued. The repeal of said sections 25-33a, 32-9aa, 32-54, 32-74, and 32-9pp and section 3 of public act 87-577* shall not affect the validity, enforceability or binding nature of any bonds of the state issued pursuant to said sections.

(P.A. 88-265, S. 26, 36.)

*Note: Section 3 of public act 87-577 was repealed effective July 1, 1988, by section 35 of public act 88-265.

Sec. 32-23x. Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund. (a) As used in this section:

(1) “Affiliate” means a business concern which directly controls or is controlled by another business concern, or a third party which controls both business concerns;

(2) “Corporation” means Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated established under section 32-11a or its successor;

(3) “Department” means the Department of Economic and Community Development or its successor agency;

(4) “Enterprise zone” has the same meaning as provided in section 32-70;

(5) “Impacted business” means any person impacted by (A) a disaster caused by natural forces including, but not limited to, floods or hurricanes, or (B) an economic emergency including, but not limited to, an existing or threatened major plant shutdown, business disruption from a major road or bridge repair project or other existing or potential economic emergency, provided such disaster or emergency described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of this subdivision is proclaimed as such by declaration of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, with the consent of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, upon a determination by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development that such disaster or emergency is of a magnitude that could materially affect the health or well-being of the citizens of the impacted area and that the financial assistance provided for under this section is necessary to assure timely and effective relief and restoration;

(6) “Loans” means loans and extensions of lines of credit;

(7) “Minority business enterprise” means any person who meets the criteria contained in section 4a-60g and who is receiving a state contract award;

(8) “Person” means any person or entity, including affiliates, engaged in a for-profit activity or activities in this state and who, except for an impacted business, is not an eligible borrower for assistance under the provisions of the Connecticut Growth Fund established under section 32-23v;

(9) “Rate of interest” means the interest rate which the corporation shall charge and collect on each loan made by the state under this section, which rate shall not exceed one per cent above the interest rate borne by the general obligation bonds of the state last issued prior to the date such loan is made, provided, such rate shall not exceed the maximum allowable under federal law;

(10) “Small contractor” means any person who is a contractor, subcontractor, manufacturer or service company who has been in business for at least one year prior to the date of its application for assistance under this section and whose gross revenues, including revenues of affiliates, did not exceed three million dollars in its most recently completed fiscal year prior to the date of its application for assistance under this section;

(11) “State or local development corporation” means any entity organized under the laws of this state which has the authority to promote and assist the growth and development of business concerns in the areas covered by their operations;

(12) “Targeted business” means a person located in an enterprise zone whose gross revenues did not exceed three million dollars in its most recently completed fiscal year prior to the date of its application for assistance under this section, or if such person has not been in business for at least one year prior to the date of such application, if the corporation determines in its discretion that such person’s gross revenues, including revenues of affiliates, are not likely to exceed three million dollars in its first fiscal year;

(13) “Water facilities” means (A) investor-owned water companies which supply water to at least twenty-five but less than ten thousand customers, (B) municipally-owned water companies, and (C) owners of privately and municipally-owned dams which the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection has determined benefit the public.

(b) In order to stimulate and encourage the growth and development of the state economy, the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund is hereby created to provide financial assistance to targeted businesses, businesses impacted by economic emergencies and natural disasters, businesses located in certain regions of the state and certain industry sectors, including businesses located in entertainment districts designated under section 32-76 or established under section 2 of public act 93-311*, and to assist in the development of clean water facilities. The state, acting through the corporation, may make or participate with private sector financial institutions in making loans from said fund to persons in accordance with the provisions of this section. Payments of principal and interest on such loans, and funds received by the corporation from any other source for the purposes of the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund, shall be deposited into said fund and shall be used to make additional loans and for such other purposes authorized by this section.

(c) The state, acting through the corporation, may make, or participate with private sector financial institutions in making loans from the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund to any person who in the discretion of the corporation, demonstrates financial need by either its inability to obtain conventional financial assistance in satisfactory amounts or on satisfactory terms in accordance with the following provisions:

(1) The corporation may make loans at the rate of interest to small contractors and minority business enterprises for the purpose of financing labor and material costs only. The aggregate outstanding amount of any loans made under this subdivision to any one person, including affiliates, shall not exceed two hundred fifty thousand dollars. The maximum term for repayment of any loan made under this subdivision shall not exceed one year.

(2) The corporation may make loans at the rate of interest to targeted businesses. The aggregate outstanding amount of any loans made under this subdivision to any one person, including affiliates, shall not exceed three hundred thousand dollars. The maximum term for repayment of any loan made under this subdivision shall not exceed (A) twenty years for real property; (B) ten years for machinery and equipment; and (C) seven years for working capital. For the purposes of this subdivision and subdivision (3) of this subsection, working capital may include, but shall not be limited to, capital for expansion or restructuring of a business.

(3) The corporation may make loans at the rate of interest to impacted businesses. The aggregate outstanding amount of any loans made under this subdivision to any one person, including affiliates, shall not exceed five hundred thousand dollars, except the corporation, with the consent of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, may increase the maximum loan amount under this subdivision to one million dollars if the corporation in its discretion determines that the particular needs and conditions of such impacted business warrant such increase. The maximum term for repayment of any loan made under this subdivision shall not exceed (A) twenty years for real property; (B) ten years for machinery and equipment; and (C) seven years for working capital.

(4) The corporation may make loans at the rate of interest to water facilities. Such loans shall be used for the planning, design, modification or construction of drinking water facilities made necessary by the requirements of the Safe Water Act of 1974 or by an order of the Department of Public Health, which drinking water facilities shall include, but shall not be limited to, collection facilities, treatment facilities, wells, tanks, mains, pumps, transmission facilities and any other machinery and equipment necessary to meet the requirements of said act. Such loans shall also be used for the repair of dams subject to the jurisdiction of the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection under chapter 446j. For the purposes of this subdivision, repair costs include, but shall not be limited to, fees and expenses of architects, engineers, attorneys, accountants and other professional consultants, and costs of preparing surveys, studies, site plans and specifications for such repair. The aggregate outstanding amount of any loans made under this subdivision to any water facility, including affiliates, shall not exceed two hundred fifty thousand dollars. The maximum term for repayment of any loan made under this subdivision shall not exceed (A) twenty years for real property; and (B) ten years for machinery and equipment.

(5) The corporation may make loans at zero per cent interest to municipal economic development commissions established under section 7-136 or business outreach centers described in section 32-9qq, that establish or participate in loan pools that lend funds to (A) persons or groups of persons who complete entrepreneurial training programs funded or approved by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, or (B) business support groups. As used in this subdivision, “business support group” means a group of five or more persons, firms or corporations which plans to start or expand separate businesses, has community or other ties demonstrating a common mission or purpose, agrees to undergo an entrepreneurial training program funded or approved by the commissioner, and each member of which agrees to provide business support to other members of the group. The aggregate outstanding amount of any loans made under this subdivision to any one person, group of persons or business support group shall not exceed twenty-five thousand dollars. The maximum term for repayment of any loan made under this subdivision shall not exceed ten years.

(6) The corporation shall make loans at the rate of interest to entertainment or entertainment support service businesses located in the municipality with the pilot entertainment district established pursuant to section 2 of public act 93-311*, and on and after July 1, 1995, may make loans at the rate of interest to entertainment or entertainment support service businesses located in municipalities with entertainment districts designated under section 32-76.

(d) The state, acting through the corporation, may make loans to state or local development corporations, for the purpose of providing funds to enable such state or local development corporations to make loans to any person eligible for assistance under subsection (c) of this section. The aggregate outstanding amount of any loan made under this subsection to a state or local development corporation for a loan with respect to any one project shall not exceed one million dollars.

(e) To carry out the purposes of this section, the corporation shall have those powers set forth in section 32-23e. The corporation shall also have the power to take all reasonable steps and exercise all available remedies necessary or desirable to protect the obligations or interests of the corporation including, but not limited to, the purchase or redemption on foreclosure proceedings, bankruptcy proceedings or in other judicial proceedings of any property on which it holds a mortgage or other lien or in which it has an interest, and for such purposes payment may be made from the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund.

(f) The borrower shall pay such costs of processing applications for loans made under this section, including closing costs, as the corporation determines are reasonable and necessary. The department may assist the corporation in carrying out the provisions of this section and any administrative expenses incurred by the department for services provided to the corporation or expenses incurred by the corporation in carrying out the provisions of this section to the extent not paid by the borrower or from moneys appropriated to the department or the corporation for such purposes, may be paid from the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund.

(g) Each loan may be authorized by the corporation or, if the corporation so determines, by a committee of the corporation, one of whose members may be its executive director.

(h) Payments from the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund to eligible borrowers or to pay administrative expenses shall be made upon certification by the executive director of the corporation that payment is authorized under the provisions of this section and under any applicable regulations or program criteria of the corporation.

(i) For the purposes of this section, the State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time, to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate seventeen million three hundred fifty thousand dollars. The proceeds from the sale of said bonds shall be used by the department to make grants to the corporation for deposit in the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund for the purposes authorized under this section. The terms and conditions of such grants shall be governed in accordance with a grant contract entered into between the department and the corporation. All provisions of section 3-20 or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of such bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization, which is signed by or on behalf of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and states such terms and conditions as said commission in its discretion may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due. Net earnings on any assets of the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund, including investments or reinvestments of proceeds, accrued interest and premiums on the issuance of such bonds, after payment therefrom of expenses incurred by the Treasurer or State Bond Commission in connection with their issuance, shall become part of the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund.

(P.A. 88-265, S. 27, 36; P.A. 89-331, S. 23, 30; P.A. 90-297, S. 17, 24; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-4, S. 19, 25; P.A. 92-236, S. 41, 48; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-7, S. 21, 36; P.A. 93-311, S. 7, 8; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 94-247, S. 6, 8; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2, S. 199, 203; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; 95-272, S. 14, 29; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; 96-239, S. 4, 17; P.A. 11-80, S. 1; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

*Note: Section 2 of public act 93-311 is special in nature and therefore has not been codified but remains in full force and effect according to its terms.

History: P.A. 89-331 increased the bond authorization from $8,850,000 to $13,850,000; P.A. 90-297 increased the bond authorization to $19,850,000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-4 increased the bond authorization to $26,850,000; P.A. 92-236 added Subsec. (c)(5) re loans to fund persons or groups completing entrepreneurial training or business support groups; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-7 amended Subsec. (i) to increase the bond authorization from $26,850,000 to $28,850,000; P.A. 93-311 amended Subsec. (b) and added Subsec. (c)(6) to extend eligibility for financial assistance to businesses located in entertainment districts designated under Sec. 32-76 and Sec. 2 of P.A. 93-311, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-247 amended Subsec. (b) to make businesses located in entertainment districts established under Sec. 2 of public act 93-311 eligible for financial assistance, effective June 9, 1994; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2 in Subsec. (i) decreased bond authorization from $28,850,000 to $21,350,000, effective June 21, 1994; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-272 amended Subsec. (i) to reduce authorization from $21,350,000 to $17,350,000, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-239 amended Subsec. (c)(2) by substituting $300,000 for $250,000 as loan maximum amount, effective July 1, 1996; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” and “Department of Environmental Protection” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection” and “Department of Energy and Environmental Protection”, respectively, effective July 1, 2011; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “Connecticut Development Authority” and “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” and “corporation”, respectively, effective July 1, 2012.

See Sec. 32-477 re priority for applicants establishing work environments consistent with criteria in Sec. 32-475.

Sec. 32-23y. Pending applications for financial assistance under consolidated programs funded from Connecticut Growth Fund or Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund. All applications for loans, grants, guarantees or extension of lines of credit under section 8-168, subsection (d) of section 16a-43, sections 32-9aa, 32-9oo, 32-53, 32-73, 32-82, 32-130, 32-151, 32-156 and 32-162, revision of 1958, revised to 1987, and in effect on June 30, 1988, pending on that date and authorized on or after July 1, 1988, shall be funded from the Connecticut Growth Fund created under section 32-23v or the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund created under section 32-23x, as determined by the corporation in its discretion.

(P.A. 88-265, S. 31, 36; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: Pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23z. Business Environmental Clean-Up Revolving Loan Fund. Regulations. (a) A Business Environmental Clean-Up Revolving Loan Fund is created. The state, acting through Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, may provide loans or lines of credit from the Business Environmental Clean-Up Revolving Loan Fund (1) to businesses for the purposes of the containment and removal or mitigation of the discharge, spillage, uncontrolled loss, seepage or filtration of oil or petroleum or chemical liquids or solid, liquid or gaseous products or hazardous wastes, and (2) to businesses which convert gas and diesel-powered motor vehicles to vehicles powered by either gas or diesel fuel and a clean-burning alternative fuel, including but not limited to, compressed natural gas or electricity. Loans or lines of credit under subdivision (2) shall be for working or development capital. For the purposes of this section, “business” means any business which (A) if applying for assistance under subdivision (1), has been in business for at least one year prior to the date of application for its loan or line of credit or, if applying for assistance under subdivision (2), has been in business for at least two years prior to such application date, (B) has gross revenues, including revenues of affiliates, less than three million dollars in the most recent fiscal year before the date of the application or has less than one hundred fifty employees and, if applying for assistance under subdivision (2), derived at least seventy-five per cent of its gross revenues in such year from motor vehicle fuel conversion activities, (C) if applying for assistance under subdivision (1), has been doing business and has maintained its principal office and place of business in the state for a period of at least one year prior to the date of its application for assistance under this section or, if applying for assistance under subdivision (2), has been doing business and has maintained such office and business in the state for a period of at least two years prior to such application date, and (D) demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the corporation and in its sole discretion, that it is unable to obtain financing from conventional sources on reasonable terms or in reasonable amounts. Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated shall charge and collect interest on each such loan or line of credit at a rate to be determined in accordance with regulations adopted pursuant to subsection (b) of this section. The total amount of such loans or lines of credit provided to any single business in any period of twelve consecutive months shall not exceed two hundred thousand dollars. Payments made by businesses on all loans and lines of credit paid to the Treasurer for deposit in the Business Environmental Clean-Up Revolving Loan Fund shall be credited to such fund.

(b) The corporation shall take any reasonable action it deems appropriate to moderate losses on loans and lines of credit made under this section, including, but not limited to, development and implementation of written procedures, in accordance with section 1-121, and a strategy to manage the assets of the fund and any losses incurred.

(c) Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated shall establish loan procedures, interest, repayment terms, security requirements, default and remedy provisions and such other terms and conditions as the corporation shall deem appropriate.

(d) Each such loan or extension of credit shall be authorized by Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated or, if the corporation so determines, by a committee of the corporation consisting of the chairman and either one other member of the corporation or its executive director, as specified in the determination of the corporation. Any administrative expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of this section, to the extent not paid by the corporation, shall be paid from the Business Environmental Clean-Up Revolving Loan Fund. Payments from the Business Environmental Clean-Up Revolving Loan Fund to businesses or to pay such administrative expenses shall be made by the Treasurer upon certification by the executive director of the corporation that the payment is authorized under the provisions of this section, under the applicable rules and regulations of the corporation, and, if made to a business, under the terms and conditions established by the corporation or the duly appointed committee thereof in authorizing the making of the loan or the extension of credit.

(P.A. 89-365, S. 6, 9; P.A. 91-161, S. 8, 9; 91-376, S. 9, 10; P.A. 93-199, S. 1, 6; 93-382, S. 10, 69; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: P.A. 91-161 transferred full responsibility for the fund to the Connecticut development authority, eliminating any role of the department of economic development and amended Subsec. (d) to require that the annual report also be sent to the commerce and exportation committee; P.A. 91-376 added Subsec. (a)(4) re responsibility to obtain conventional financing, inserted new Subsec. (b) re steps to moderate losses and relettered former Subsecs. (b) to (d), accordingly; P.A. 93-199 added Subsec. (a)(2), authorizing assistance to businesses converting vehicles to alternative fuels, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-382 deleted former Subsec. (e), re annual report to legislative committees, effective July 1, 1993; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “Connecticut Development Authority” and “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” and “corporation”, respectively, effective July 1, 2012.

See Sec. 32-477 re priority for applicants establishing work environments consistent with criteria in Sec. 32-475.

Sec. 32-23aa. Compliance with state laws and regulations prerequisite for financial assistance. Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated shall not approve any application for financial assistance for any project unless such project complies with all state laws and regulations adopted thereunder.

(P.A. 90-270, S. 25, 38; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: Pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “Connecticut Development Authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23bb. Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund consolidated into Connecticut Growth Fund. (a) Effective July 1, 1993, the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund established under section 32-23x and in effect on June 30, 1993, shall be combined with and become part of the Connecticut Growth Fund established under section 32-23v and in effect on June 30, 1993. As of July 1, 1993, cash, notes, receivables and all other assets, liabilities, appropriations, authorizations, allocations and attributes then pertaining to the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund shall be transferred to the Connecticut Growth Fund. All loans, guarantees and lines of credit outstanding under said section 32-23x on June 30, 1993, shall be treated as having been made, committed or extended from the Connecticut Growth Fund established under said section 32-23v, and all payments received by the corporation on account thereof shall be credited or deposited to the Connecticut Growth Fund. Any and all bonds issued or authorized, and any grants made by the department to the corporation from the proceeds thereof, prior to July 1, 1993, for the purposes of said section 32-23x are deemed issued, authorized or made, as the case may be, for purposes of said section 32-23v. The bond authorization under subsection (i) of section 32-23x shall be available for purposes of said section 32-23v, and the proceeds of any such bonds issued, and any grant by the department to the corporation from such proceeds made, on or after July 1, 1993, shall be for purposes of, and shall be credited or deposited to, the Connecticut Growth Fund.

(b) In addition to, and not in limitation of, the powers of the corporation in making loans from the Connecticut Growth Fund to eligible borrowers under section 32-23v, on and after July 1, 1993, the corporation may make loans from the Connecticut Growth Fund to any person for any purpose and otherwise in the same manner as would have been permitted by section 32-23x if made from the Comprehensive Business Assistance Fund.

(c) All applications for loans under section 32-23x pending on June 30, 1993, and authorized on or after July 1, 1993, shall be funded from the Connecticut Growth Fund established under section 32-23v.

(P.A. 93-360, S. 9, 19; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: P.A. 93-360 effective July 1, 1993; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Secs. 32-23cc to 32-23ff. Reserved for future use.

Sec. 32-23gg. Legislative determination. It is hereby found and declared that there exists in this state a great and growing need for additional forms of state financial assistance for Connecticut’s manufacturing and other economic base firms to preserve and promote development and to create and maintain employment; that the availability of financial assistance is an important and increasingly critical consideration in the preservation and development of the state’s economy; that there exists a serious risk of plant closing and relocations out-of-state; that there exists a shortage of risk capital and other forms of financial assistance for business which has had and will continue to have a serious effect on the development and preservation of important business enterprises and employment in this state, and therefore, it is necessary and in the public interest and for the public good that the provisions of sections 32-23hh to 32-23ll, inclusive, are hereby declared a matter of legislative determination.

(P.A. 91-319, S. 1, 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 148, 168.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3 removed the word “major” which had modified “plant closing”.

See Sec. 32-477 re priority for applicants establishing work environments consistent with criteria in Sec. 32-475.

Sec. 32-23hh. Definitions. As used in sections 32-23gg to 32-23ll, inclusive:

(1) “Corporation” means Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, created under section 32-11a;

(2) “Executive director” means the executive director of Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated;

(3) “Financial assistance” means any and all forms of loans, extensions of credit, guarantees, equity investments or any other form of financing or refinancing to persons for the purchase, acquisition, construction, expansion, continued operation, reconstruction, financing, refinancing or placing in operation of an economic development project, including, but not limited to, fixed assets, working capital, equity participations and acquisitions, employee buyouts, refinancing, financial restructuring, and other purposes which the corporation determines further the purposes of sections 32-23gg to 32-23ll, inclusive;

(4) “Economic development project” means any project (A) which is to be used or occupied by any person for manufacturing, industrial, research or product warehousing or distribution purposes, or any combination thereof, and which the corporation determines will tend to maintain or provide gainful employment, maintain or increase the tax base of the economy, or maintain, expand or diversify industry in the state, or for any other purpose which the corporation determines will materially support the economic base of the state, by creating or retaining jobs, promoting the export of products or services beyond state boundaries, encouraging innovation in products or services, or otherwise contributing to, supporting or enhancing existing activities that are important to the economic base of the state and (B) which is unable to obtain conventional financing in satisfactory amounts or on satisfactory terms in the sole judgment of the corporation, or whose ability, in the judgment of the corporation, to start, continue to operate, expand, or maintain operations or relocate to Connecticut, is dependent upon financial assistance;

(5) “Person” means a person as defined in subsection (s) of section 32-23d; and

(6) “Return on investment” means any and all forms of principal or interest payments, insurance premiums or guarantee fees, equity participations, options, warrants, debentures and any or all other forms of remuneration to the corporation in return for any financial assistance provided or offered.

(P.A. 91-319, S. 2, 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 149, 168; P.A. 93-360, S. 6, 19.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3 changed the definition of “major development project” to “economic development project” and removed the significance and minimum employment levels for such a project; P.A. 93-360 redefined “person”, effective June 14, 1993; (Revisor’s note: In 2013, references to “Connecticut Development Authority” and “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” and “corporation”, respectively, to conform with changes made by June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 148, 152).

Sec. 32-23ii. Connecticut Works Fund. Subfunds. (a) There is created within the corporation the Connecticut Works Fund. The state acting through the corporation may provide financial assistance for economic development projects directly or in participation with any other financial institutions, funds or other persons or other sources of financing, public or private, and may enter into any agreements or contracts it deems necessary or convenient in connection therewith. Within the Connecticut Works Fund, a loan subfund is created solely to provide any form of loan or other form of financial assistance as provided in this section except for any guarantee or contract of insurance, and a guarantee subfund is created solely to provide any form of guarantee or contract of insurance as provided in this section. No financial assistance, nor any commitment to provide financial assistance, shall be provided or entered into by the corporation pursuant to sections 32-23gg to 32-23ll, inclusive, which would cause the aggregate amount of all such financial assistance and commitments then outstanding to exceed the sum of the amounts available in the applicable subfund of the Connecticut Works Fund plus the amount of any unpaid grants authorized to be made by the Department of Economic and Community Development to the corporation for deposit in the applicable subfund of the Connecticut Works Fund which remain available for purposes of such subfund pursuant to the bond authorization in section 32-23ll, provided the amount of financial assistance in the form of any guarantee or contract of insurance shall be measured by the portion of unpaid principal which is insured or guaranteed by the corporation. Notwithstanding the above, the aggregate amount of financial assistance in the form of guarantees and contracts of insurance and commitments with respect thereto, calculated as above, may be up to four times the sum of the amounts available in the guarantee subfund of the Connecticut Works Fund plus the amount of any unpaid grants which remain available and are specifically designated by the department for purposes of such subfund pursuant to the bond authorization in section 32-23ll. Payments of insurance premiums, principal, interest or other forms of return on investment received by the corporation shall be deposited in or held on behalf of said fund and shall be either used to provide financial assistance for economic development projects or shall be returned to the state in whole or in part at the discretion of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, pursuant to any such restrictions or financial obligations existing as a result of agreements entered into by the corporation under sections 32-23gg to 32-23ll, inclusive.

(b) The corporation may provide financial assistance in such amounts, in such form and under such terms and conditions as the corporation shall prescribe, in written procedures adopted in accordance with section 1-121. Such procedures shall provide for returns on investment as the corporation deems appropriate to reflect the nature of the risk, provided a single project shall not receive an amount in excess of twenty-five million dollars and shall not be for a term longer than twenty-five years.

(c) In addition to other forms of financial assistance, the corporation may insure or make advance commitments to insure all or any portion of the payments required under any loan, bond or other form of indebtedness for an economic development project upon such terms and conditions as the corporation may establish. Such financial assistance may be in such amounts, including provisions for the payment of fees, expenses or other costs, insurance, payment of taxes and assessments, delinquency charges, default remedies and other matters, as the corporation determines, except that the maximum amount paid by the corporation under any guarantee or insurance agreement for any one project under sections 32-23gg to 32-23ll, inclusive, shall not exceed fifteen million dollars.

(d) The corporation may take all reasonable steps and exercise all reasonable remedies necessary or desirable to protect the obligations or interests of the corporation, including, but not limited to, the purchase or redemption in foreclosure proceedings, bankruptcy proceedings or in other judicial proceedings of any property on which it holds a mortgage or other lien or in which it has an interest, and for such purposes and any other purposes provided in sections 32-23gg to 32-23ll, inclusive, payment may be made from the Connecticut Works Fund upon certification by the executive director that payment is authorized under the provisions of said sections, or other sections of the general statutes, applicable procedures or other programs of the corporation.

(e) Any contract of insurance or guarantee agreement, including advance commitments executed by the executive director, shall be conclusive evidence of eligibility and its validity shall be incontestable in the hands of an approved borrower or the party so insured or guaranteed from the date of execution and delivery of the contract, agreement or commitment, except for fraud and misrepresentation on the part of the borrower and as to commitments, noncompliance with the commitment or any rules, or procedures of the corporation or provisions of sections 32-23gg to 32-23ll, inclusive, in force at the time of issuance of the commitment.

(f) Applicants for financial assistance shall pay the costs the corporation deems reasonable and necessary incurred in processing applications made under this section, including application and commitment fees, closing costs or other costs. In carrying out the provisions of this section, any administrative expenses incurred by the corporation, to the extent not paid by the borrower or from moneys appropriated to the corporation for such purposes, may be paid from the Connecticut Works Fund.

(g) In providing financial assistance under this section, the corporation shall give priority to manufacturing projects and to projects that encourage defense dependent industries to diversify.

(P.A. 91-319, S. 3, 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 150, 168; P.A. 93-360, S. 7, 19; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3 changed the name of the fund from the Connecticut economic stabilization fund to the Connecticut Works fund and changed references to major development projects to economic development projects; P.A. 93-360 amended Subsec. (a) to create a loan subfund and a guarantee subfund and to limit the amount of financial assistance provided pursuant to Secs. 32-23gg to 32-23ll, inclusive, and amended Subsec. (b) to increase the maximum amount of assistance that a single project may receive, from $15,000,000 to $25,000,000, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23jj. Considerations in reviewing application. In reviewing applications for financial assistance under sections 32-23gg to 32-23ll, inclusive, the corporation shall consider the following factors: (1) The status of the project as an economic development project; (2) the likelihood the project can be expected to create or retain private sector jobs in this state; (3) the contribution of the project to the economic activities in the state; (4) the significance of the financial assistance in either attracting to the state or preventing a closing, partial closing or relocation out of the state of an economic development project; (5) the commitment to Connecticut of the management, ownership, and employees of the project and their willingness and ability to operate the business and enhance its competitive position in Connecticut; (6) whether the project serves the interests of the community where it is located or will be located; (7) whether the project is located in a distressed municipality, as defined in section 32-9p; and (8) the appropriateness of the amount and form of the financial assistance and the level of risk or investment for the state not only in terms of the state’s financial exposure, but also in terms of the overall objectives of sections 32-23gg to 32-23ll, inclusive.

(P.A. 91-319, S. 4, 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 151, 168; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3 changed references to major development projects to economic development projects; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23kk. Contract of insurance. Any contract of insurance made by the corporation under sections 32-23gg to 32-23ll, inclusive, shall provide that claims payable under such contract shall first be paid from any amounts readily available in the Connecticut Works Fund, established under section 32-23ii, before any amounts available from the bond authorization under section 32-23ll are utilized for payment of a claim. The faith and credit of the state is hereby pledged, pursuant to such bond authorization and in accordance with section 3-20, to provide to the Connecticut Works Fund moneys as and when necessary to make timely payments of all amounts required to be paid under the terms of any insurance contract executed by the corporation pursuant to sections 32-23gg to 32-23ll, inclusive. The obligation of the corporation to make payments under any such insurance contract shall be limited solely to such sources and shall not constitute a debt or liability of the corporation or the state. Any insurance contract and any procedure of the corporation implementing the insurance provisions of this section may contain such other terms, provisions or conditions as the corporation deems necessary or appropriate, including, but not limited to, the payment of insurance premiums, the giving of notice, claim procedures, the sources for payment of claims, the priority of competing claims for payment, the release or termination of loan security and borrower liability, the timing of payment, the maintenance or disposition of projects and the use of amounts received during periods of loan delinquency or upon default, and any other provisions concerning the rights of insured parties or conditions of the payment of insurance claims. Moneys in the fund not needed currently to meet the expenses and obligations of the corporation may be invested in the manner provided in section 3-31a and all income from such investments shall become part of the Connecticut Works Fund.

(P.A. 91-319, S. 5, 7; P.A. 93-360, S. 13, 19; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1, S. 30, 45; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: P.A. 93-360 changed name of fund from Connecticut economic stabilization fund to Connecticut Works Fund, effective June 14, 1993; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1 reiterated fund name change and deleted provision which had allowed temporary borrowing from general fund to meet obligations, effective July 1, 1993; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23ll. Bond issue. (a) For the purposes described herein the State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate ninety-five million dollars, provided twenty-one million nine hundred thousand dollars of said authorization shall be effective on June 21, 1994.

(b) The proceeds of the sale of said bonds shall be used by the Department of Economic and Community Development to make grants to the corporation for deposit in the Connecticut Works Fund to be used for the purpose of sections 32-23gg to 32-23ll, inclusive, and to the Connecticut job training finance program created pursuant to section 32-23uu. The terms and conditions of said grants shall be governed in accordance with a grant contract between the department and the corporation.

(c) All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization, which is signed by or on behalf of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and states such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made.

(P.A. 91-319, S. 6, 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3, S. 152, 168; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-7, S. 25, 36; P.A. 93-433, S. 6, 26; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1, S. 31, 45; July Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1, S. 1, 3; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2, S. 201, 203; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; 95-272, S. 15, 29; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-5, S. 13; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-3 changed the name of the fund from the Connecticut economic stabilization fund to the Connecticut Works fund; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-7 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the bond authorization from $50,000,000 to $100,000,000; P.A. 93-433 reduced aggregate total of bonds from $100,000,000 to $95,000,000 and authorized bonds proceeds to be used for the Connecticut job training finance program, effective July 1, 1993; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1 amended Subsec. (b) re administration of grants and deleted Subsec. (d) re deposit of bond proceeds in Connecticut Works Fund or in general fund if needed as reimbursement for temporary borrowings, effective July 1, 1993; July Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1 amended Subsec. (a) to increase bond authorization from $85,000,000 to $179,100,000, effective July 15, 1993, provided $43,900,000 of said authorization shall be effective July 1, 1994; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2 in Subsec. (a) decreased total bond authorization from $179,100,000 to $157,100,000 and increased bond authorization from $43,900,000 to $21,900,000, effective June 21, 1994; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 95-272 amended Subsec. (a) to reduce authorization from $157,100,000 to $128,000,000, effective July 1, 1995; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-5 amended Subsec. (a) to decrease authorization to $95,000,000, effective July 1, 2002; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation” in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 2012.

Secs. 32-23mm to 32-23oo. Reserved for future use.

Sec. 32-23pp. Policy to encourage pollution prevention and remediation. It shall be the policy of the state to encourage the practice of pollution prevention and remediation activities, thereby reducing risks to the environment and the health of workers and consumers. As used in this section, pollution prevention includes the change of or use of production processes, practices, raw materials or products that reduce or eliminate the generation of by-products without creating new risks of concern or that protect natural resources through their conservation.

(P.A. 91-376, S. 1, 10; P.A. 98-253, S. 8.)

History: P.A. 98-253 added remediation activities to the policy.

See Sec. 32-477 re priority for applicants establishing work environments consistent with criteria in Sec. 32-475.

Sec. 32-23qq. Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund. Subfunds. (a) An Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund is created. The state, acting through Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, or any subsidiary of the corporation may provide grants, loans, lines of credit or loan guarantees to municipalities or businesses from the Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund for the purposes of pollution prevention activities, as defined in section 32-23rr, for purchases and the costs associated with compliance with the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (42 USC 7401, et seq.), as amended, or for remediation of contaminated real property. Within the Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund, a loan subfund is created solely to provide loans and lines of credit as provided in this section, a guarantee subfund is created solely to provide loan guarantees as provided in this section and a grant subfund is created solely to provide grants as provided under this section. No financial assistance, nor any commitment to provide financial assistance, shall be provided by or entered into by the corporation or any subsidiary of the corporation pursuant to sections 32-23pp to 32-23ss, inclusive, which would cause the aggregate amount of all such financial assistance and commitments then outstanding to exceed the sum of the amounts in the applicable subfund of the Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund plus the amount of any unpaid grants authorized to be made by the Department of Economic and Community Development to the corporation or any subsidiary of the corporation for deposit in the applicable subfund of the Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund, provided the amount of financial assistance in the form of any guarantee shall be measured by the portion of unpaid loan principal which is guaranteed by the corporation. Notwithstanding the above, the aggregate amount of financial assistance in the form of guarantees and commitments with respect thereto, calculated as above, may be up to four times the sum of the amounts available in the guarantee subfund of the Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund plus the amount of any unpaid grants which remain available and are specifically designated by the department for purposes of such subfund pursuant to the bond authorization in section 32-23ss. For the purposes of this section, “business” means any business which (1) has gross revenues of less than twenty-five million dollars in its fiscal year ending prior to the application for any such loans, lines of credit or loan guarantees, or (2) has fewer than one hundred fifty employees. Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated or any subsidiary of the corporation shall charge and collect interest on each such loan or line of credit at a rate to be determined in accordance with procedures adopted pursuant to subsection (b) of this section. Payments made by businesses on all loans, lines of credit and loan guarantees shall be paid to the corporation or any subsidiary of the corporation for deposit in the Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund.

(b) Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated and any subsidiary of the corporation shall adopt written procedures, in accordance with the provisions of section 1-121, to carry out the provisions of this section. Such procedures shall establish requirements for grants, loans, guarantees, interest, repayment terms, security requirements, default and remedies and such other terms and conditions as the corporation or any subsidiary of the corporation shall deem appropriate.

(c) Each such grant, loan, guarantee or extension of credit shall be authorized by Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated or any subsidiary of the corporation or, if the corporation or any subsidiary of the corporation so determines, by a committee of the corporation or any subsidiary of the corporation consisting of the chairman and either one other member of the corporation or subsidiary or its executive director, as specified in the determination of the corporation or subsidiary. Any administrative expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of this section, to the extent not paid by the corporation or any subsidiary of the corporation or from moneys appropriated to the corporation or any subsidiary of the corporation, shall be paid from the Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund. Payments from the Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund to businesses or municipalities or to pay such administrative expenses shall be made by the corporation or any subsidiary of the corporation upon certification by the chairman of the corporation or such subsidiary that the payment is authorized under the provisions of this section, under the applicable rules and regulations of the corporation or subsidiary, and, if made to a business or municipality under the terms and conditions established by the corporation or subsidiary or the duly appointed committee thereof in authorizing the making of the grant, loan or the extension of credit.

(P.A. 91-376, S. 2, 10; P.A. 93-360, S. 8, 19; 93-382, S. 11, 69; P.A. 94-198, S. 11, 13; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; 95-334, S. 4, 13; P.A. 96-132, S. 3, 5; 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 97-124, S. 5, 16; P.A. 98-92; 98-253, S. 9; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: P.A. 93-360 amended Subsec. (a) to create a loan subfund and a guarantee subfund and to limit the amount of financial assistance provided pursuant to Secs. 32-23pp to 32-23ss, inclusive, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-382 deleted former Subsec. (d) re annual report to general assembly committee re commerce and exportation and relettered former Subsec. (e) accordingly, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-198 provided for use of the fund for installation of stage II vapor recovery systems, effective June 7, 1994; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 95-334 substituted “Connecticut Development Authority” for “Department of Economic Development” in Subsec. (a) and “authority” for “Treasurer” in Subsecs. (a) and (c), effective July 13, 1995 (Revisor’s note: An erroneous reference in Subsec. (a) to “sections 32-23pp to 32-33ss” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “sections 32-23pp to 32-23ss”); P.A. 96-132 amended Subsec. (a) to expand uses of the fund to costs associated with compliance with the Clean Air Act where previously limited to use for installation of stage II vapor recovery systems, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 97-124 amended Subsec. (d) to exempt loans issued for compliance with the federal Clean Air Act from eligibility determination by the Connecticut Hazardous Waste Management Service, effective June 6, 1997; P.A. 98-92 and 98-253 both deleted former Subsec. (d) re role of Connecticut Hazardous Waste Management Service in determining eligibility of loan applicants; P.A. 98-253 further authorized making grants from the fund, authorized subsidiaries of the authority to provide assistance from the fund and authorized municipalities to receive assistance; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “Connecticut Development Authority” and “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” and “corporation”, respectively, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23rr. Definitions. As used in sections 32-23pp and 32-23qq and this section:

(1) “Pollution prevention activities” means changes within a plant in production processes, product or raw materials that reduce, avoid or eliminate the generation of hazardous by-products per unit of product or the use of toxic or hazardous substances per unit of product without creating new risks of concern, but shall not be construed to promote or require (A) incineration, (B) transfer from one medium of exposure, release or discharge to another medium, (C) off-site or out-of-production process recycling or (D) methods of end-of-pipe treatment of toxic or hazardous substances as waste;

(2) “Production process” means a process, line method, activity or technique or combination or series thereof, which is integral to and necessary for the production of a product or the provision of a service;

(3) “Hazardous by-product” means any nonproduct output, waste or residue, including fugitive emissions, of hazardous substance from a production process; and

(4) “Remediation activities” means any activity to stimulate, encourage and carry out the identification, assessment, evaluation, acquisition, remediation, development or financing of contaminated property in this state.

(P.A. 91-376, S. 3, 10; P.A. 98-253, S. 10.)

History: P.A. 98-253 added Subdiv. (4) defining “remediation activities”.

Sec. 32-23ss. Bond issue. (a) For the purposes described in subsection (b) of this section, the State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate two million dollars.

(b) The proceeds of the sale of said bonds, to the extent of the amount stated in subsection (a) of this section, shall be used by the Department of Economic and Community Development to make grants to Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated for deposit in the Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund to be used for the purpose of sections 32-23pp to 32-23rr, inclusive, and this section. The terms and conditions of said grants shall be governed in accordance with a grant contract between the department and the corporation.

(c) All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization, which is signed by or on behalf of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and states such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

(P.A. 91-376, S. 8, 10; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1, S. 32, 45; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2, S. 200, 203; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-181, S. 119, 121; 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1 amended Subsec. (b) re administration of grants, effective July 1, 1993; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2 in Subsec. (a) reduced bond authorization from $10,000,000 to $5,000,000, effective June 21, 1994; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 96-181 amended Subsec. (a) to decrease authorization amount to $2,000,000, effective July 1, 1996; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “Connecticut Development Authority” and “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” and “corporation”, respectively, in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23tt. Definitions. As used in section 32-23ll, this section, and sections 32-23uu, 32-23vv and 32-235:

(1) “Corporation” means Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated established under the provisions of this chapter;

(2) “Educational upgrades” means (A) programs designed to increase the basic skills of workers and production workers including, but not limited to training, in written and oral communication, mathematics or science, or (B) training in innovative production methods and workplace oriented computer technical skills;

(3) “Financial assistance” means grants, loans, loan guarantees or interest rate subsidies or any combination thereof;

(4) “Manufacturing or economic base business” means a business defined under subsection (l) of section 32-222*;

(5) “Production worker” means an employee of a manufacturer whose principal duties are located within the state, and consist of the assembly or construction of the manufacturer’s product or a portion thereof; and

(6) “Worker” means an employee of a manufacturing or economic-based business whose principal duties are located within the state.

(P.A. 93-433, S. 3, 26; P.A. 98-203, S. 8, 13; P.A. 99-236, S. 2; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

*Note: Former Subsec. (l) of Sec. 32-222 was deleted by section 2 of public act 08-34.

History: P.A. 93-433 effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 98-203 amended Subdiv. (4) to make a technical adjustment to an internal reference, effective June 8, 1998; P.A. 99-236 added Subdiv. (6) defining “worker” and made technical changes; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “Connecticut Development Authority” and “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” and “corporation”, respectively, in Subdiv. (1), effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23uu. Connecticut job training finance program. There is established within the corporation a Connecticut job training finance program for the purpose of providing financial assistance to manufacturing or economic base businesses seeking to provide educational upgrades to their workers and production workers. Assistance under this program shall be provided in accordance with a contract between the corporation and the manufacturing or economic base business or an intermediary, including, but not limited to, a state agency, with an expertise in job training or a private nonprofit business association or a labor organization. Such contract shall include a provision requiring that educational upgrades supported under sections 32-23ll and 32-235 shall be carried out, in whole or in part, by training providers which may include, but shall not be limited to, institutions of higher education, trade and technical and other qualified providers.

(P.A. 93-433, S. 4, 26; P.A. 94-175, S. 19, 32; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4, S. 80, 85; P.A. 95-160, S. 64, 69; P.A. 99-236, S. 3; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: P.A. 93-433 effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-175 made a technical change in the statutory internal reference, effective June 2, 1994; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4 and P.A. 95-160 revised effective date of P.A. 94-175 but without affecting this section; P.A. 99-236 included employees of economic base businesses in the job training finance program; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23vv. Connecticut job training finance demonstration program. Not later than thirty days from July 1, 1993, the corporation may enter into a demonstration program with a manufacturing or economic base business employing more than seven thousand five hundred production workers and operating manufacturing facilities located in more than one municipality within the state. The terms of such demonstration program shall include: (1) A five-million dollar loan to such manufacturing or economic base business for educational upgrades for its production workers which loan is either (A) provided by the corporation from funds provided under section 32-235, or (B) provided by a third party with a loan guarantee of two million dollars provided by the corporation from funds provided under said section 32-235; (2) an agreement under which, if, after five years from the date of such agreement, either: (A) Not less than seventy per cent of the production workers receiving educational upgrades under this section continue to be employed within the state by the manufacturing or economic base business, then (i) in the case of a loan made by the corporation, forty per cent of the remaining payments on any such loan shall be forgiven, or (ii) in the case of a loan from a third party, forty per cent of the remaining debt service on such loan shall be assumed by the corporation from funds provided under said section 32-235, or (B) not less than forty per cent but less than seventy per cent of the production workers receiving educational upgrades under this section continue to be employed within the state by the manufacturing or economic base business then (i) in the case of a loan made by the corporation, twenty per cent of the remaining payment on any such loan shall be forgiven, or (ii) in the case of a loan from a third party, twenty per cent of the remaining debt service on such loan shall be assumed by the corporation from funds provided under said section 32-235.

(P.A. 93-433, S. 5, 26; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152.)

History: P.A. 93-433 effective July 1, 1993; pursuant to June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, “authority” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation”, effective July 1, 2012.

Sec. 32-23ww. Displaced Defense Workers’ Bill of Rights. (a) This section shall be known and may be cited as the “Displaced Defense Workers’ Bill of Rights”.

(b) As used in this section:

(1) “Defense contractor” means a Connecticut business which derived, as of the last income year of such business ending prior to January 1, 1989, fifty per cent or more of its annual revenues or at least one hundred million dollars of its annual revenues from the defense-related production of goods or services as a contractor or subcontractor for the United States government.

(2) “Defense worker” means any full-time employee of a defense contractor or any employee of the United States government, the state or any political subdivision of the state whose principal duties consist of activities related to national defense.

(3) “Displaced defense worker” means any defense worker who, following employment by a defense contractor or the United States government, the state or any political subdivision of the state, for twelve or more months, has been discharged, on or after January 1, 1989, due to lack of work by such defense contractor or the United States government, the state or any political subdivision of the state and who is not eligible for any other program providing benefits similar to those contained in this section.

(4) “Full-time employee” means an employee working thirty-five hours per week or more.

(5) “Participant” means a displaced defense worker receiving financial assistance under this section.

(c) There is established a grant program to be administered by the commissioner, in consultation with the Labor Commissioner, for the purpose of awarding grants under section 32-327 to agencies seeking to contract for educational and job placement assistance for displaced defense workers. The grant program shall be administered in a manner consistent with the state work force development plan and the job training plan of the regional work force development board established pursuant to section 31-3k in each region seeking a grant under such grant program.

(d) An application for an eligible project under such grant program shall include a plan for competitive bids to be used by the agency in selecting a provider of educational and job placement assistance to displaced defense workers and shall provide for the design of the competitive bid process by the regional workforce development board established pursuant to section 31-3k. The application shall also include requirements that any such provider shall, in some form, portion or combination:

(1) Provide from funds other than funds made available for the purposes of this section financial assistance to participants which is substantially equivalent to extended unemployment compensation benefits;

(2) Provide from funds other than funds made available for the purposes of this section extended health insurance benefits for participants;

(3) Provide, directly or indirectly, a range of educational opportunities to participants, including opportunities in secondary school education, vocational-technical education and undergraduate and graduate programs at Connecticut institutions of higher education;

(4) Require that participants maintain a “C” average in all enrolled courses as a condition for receipt of financial assistance under the program;

(5) Require that some portion of the financial assistance provided under the program be given in the form of a low-interest loan which, to the extent possible, shall be coordinated with existing loan programs;

(6) Establish an effective system to identify job opportunities and place participants in suitable jobs following their completion of the program; and

(7) Take any other actions required by the agency pursuant to the contract, to carry out the purposes of the program.

(May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2, S. 192, 203.)

History: May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2, S. 192, effective June 21, 1994.

Sec. 32-23xx. Electronic Superhighway Act of 1994. (a) This section shall be known and may be cited as the “Electronic Superhighway Act of 1994”.

(b) As used in this section, “information technology assistance” means the supplying of goods and services in the fields of computer hardware and software, computer networking, telecommunications, communications and distance learning for the purpose of enhancing the technological literacy of Connecticut students preparing for careers in an increasingly knowledge-based job market.

(c) There is established a grant program to be administered by the commissioner, in consultation with the Commissioner of Education, for the purpose of awarding grants under section 32-327 to agencies seeking to contract to provide information technology assistance to Connecticut public elementary and secondary schools.

(d) An application for an eligible project under such grant program shall include a plan for competitive bids to be used by the agency in selecting a provider of information technology assistance to such schools.

(May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2, S. 193, 203.)

History: May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-2, S. 193, effective June 21, 1994.

Sec. 32-23yy. High-Technology Infrastructure Fund. (a) As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings unless the context indicates another meaning and intent:

(1) “Corporation” means Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, created under section 32-11a, and any of its subsidiaries or affiliates;

(2) “Executive director” means the executive director of Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated;

(3) “Financial assistance” means any and all forms of grants, loans, extensions of credit, guarantees, equity investments or other forms of financing or refinancing to persons for the purchase, acquisition, leasing, construction, expansion, continued operation, reconstruction, financing, refinancing or placing in operation of an information technology project, including, but not limited to, fixed assets, working capital, equity participations and acquisitions, employee buyouts, refinancing, lease guarantees, financial restructuring and other purposes which the corporation determines further the purposes of this section. For purposes of this section financial assistance shall not be considered financial assistance under the provisions of section 32-462;

(4) “Information technology project” means an information technology project, as defined in section 32-23d;

(5) “Person” means a person, as defined in subsection (s) of section 32-23d;

(6) “Return on investment” means any and all forms of principal or interest payments, guarantee fees, equity participations, options, warrants, debentures and any or all other forms of remuneration to the corporation in return for any financial assistance provided or offered.

(b) There is created within the corporation the High-Technology Infrastructure Fund. The state, acting through the corporation, may provide financial assistance from said fund that enables the development of information technology projects. Such financial assistance may be provided directly or in participation with any other financial institutions, funds or other persons or other sources of financing, public or private, and the corporation may enter into any agreements or contracts it deems necessary or convenient in connection therewith. Payments of principal, interest or other forms of return on investment received by the corporation shall be deposited in or held on behalf of said fund.

(c) The corporation may provide financial assistance in such amounts, in such form and under such terms and conditions as the corporation shall prescribe, in written procedures adopted in accordance with section 1-121. Such procedures shall provide, in the case of financial assistance in a form other than a grant, for returns on investment as the corporation deems appropriate to reflect the nature of the risk, provided a single project shall not receive an amount in excess of fifteen million dollars and shall not be for a term longer than thirty years.

(d) The corporation may take all reasonable steps and exercise all reasonable remedies necessary or desirable to protect the obligations or interests of the corporation, including, but not limited to, the purchase or redemption in foreclosure proceedings, bankruptcy proceedings or in other judicial proceedings, of any property on which it holds a mortgage or other lien or in which it has an interest, and for such purposes and any other purposes provided in this section payment may be made from the High-Technology Infrastructure Fund upon certification by the executive director that payment is authorized under the provisions of this section, or other sections of the general statutes, applicable procedures or other programs of the corporation.

(e) Applicants for financial assistance shall pay the costs the corporation deems reasonable and necessary incurred in processing applications made under this section, including application and commitment fees, closing costs or other costs. In carrying out the provisions of this section, any administrative expenses incurred by the corporation, to the extent not paid by the borrower or from moneys appropriated to the corporation for such purposes, may be paid from the High-Technology Infrastructure Fund.

(P.A. 00-178, S. 7, 8; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1, S. 43, 46; P.A. 01-96, S. 4; P.A. 03-19, S. 77.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1 changed effective date of P.A. 00-178 from October 1, 2000, to July 1, 2000, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-96 amended Subsec. (a)(3) and (d) by making technical changes; P.A. 03-19 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective May 12, 2003; (Revisor’s note: In 2013, references to “Connecticut Development Authority” and “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated” and “corporation”, respectively, to conform with changes made by June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 148, 152).

Sec. 32-23zz. Issuance of bonds on behalf of municipalities for information technology projects and remediation projects. (a) For the purpose of assisting (1) any information technology project, as defined in subsection (dd) of section 32-23d, which is located in an eligible municipality, as defined in subdivision (12) of subsection (a) of section 32-9t, or (2) any remediation project, as defined in subsection (gg) of section 32-23d, Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, may, upon a resolution of the legislative body of a municipality, issue and administer bonds which are payable solely or in part from and secured by: (A) A pledge of and lien upon any and all of the income, proceeds, revenues and property of such a project, including the proceeds of grants, loans, advances or contributions from the federal government, the state or any other source, including financial assistance furnished by the municipality or any other public body, (B) taxes or payments or grants in lieu of taxes allocated to and payable into a special fund of Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, pursuant to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, or (C) any combination of the foregoing. Any such bonds of Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, shall mature at such time or times not exceeding thirty years from their date of issuance and shall be subject to the general terms and provisions of law applicable to the issuance of bonds by Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, except that such bonds shall be issued without a special capital reserve fund as provided in subsection (b) of section 32-23j and, for purposes of section 32-23f, only the approval of the board of directors of the corporation shall be required for the issuance and sale of such bonds. Any pledge made by the municipality or Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, for bonds issued as provided in this section shall be valid and binding from the time when the pledge is made, and revenues and other receipts, funds or moneys so pledged and thereafter received by the municipality or Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, shall be subject to the lien of such pledge without any physical delivery thereof or further act. The lien of such pledge shall be valid and binding against all parties having claims of any kind in tort, contract or otherwise against the municipality or Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, even if the parties have no notice of such lien. Recording of the resolution or any other instrument by which such a pledge is created shall not be required. In connection with any such assignment of taxes or payments in lieu of taxes, Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, may, if the resolution so provides, exercise the rights provided for in section 12-195h of an assignee for consideration of any lien filed to secure the payment of such taxes or payments in lieu of taxes. All expenses incurred in providing such assistance may be treated as project costs.

(b) Any proceedings authorizing the issuance of bonds under this section may contain a provision that taxes or a specified portion thereof, if any, identified in such authorizing proceedings and levied upon taxable real or personal property, or both, in a project each year, or payments or grants in lieu of such taxes or a specified portion thereof, by or for the benefit of any one or more municipalities, districts or other public taxing agencies, as the case may be, shall be divided as follows: (1) In each fiscal year that portion of the taxes or payments or grants in lieu of taxes which would be produced by applying the then current tax rate of each of the taxing agencies to the total sum of the assessed value of the taxable property in the project on the date of such authorizing proceedings, adjusted in the case of grants in lieu of taxes to reflect the applicable statutory rate of reimbursement, shall be allocated to and when collected shall be paid into the funds of the respective taxing agencies in the same manner as taxes by or for said taxing agencies on all other property are paid; and (2) that portion of the assessed taxes or the payments or grants in lieu of taxes, or both, each fiscal year in excess of the amount referred to in subdivision (1) of this subsection shall be allocated to and when collected shall be paid into a special fund of Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, to be used in each fiscal year, in the discretion of Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, to pay the principal of and interest due in such fiscal year on bonds issued by Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, to finance, refinance or otherwise assist such project, to purchase bonds issued for such project, or to reimburse the provider of or reimbursement party with respect to any guarantee, letter of credit, policy of bond insurance, funds deposited in a debt service reserve fund, funds deposited as capitalized interest or other credit enhancement device used to secure payment of debt service on any bonds issued by Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, to finance, refinance or otherwise assist such project, to the extent of any payments of debt service made therefrom. Unless and until the total assessed valuation of the taxable property in a project exceeds the total assessed value of the taxable property in such project as shown by the last assessment list referred to in subdivision (1) of this subsection, all of the taxes levied and collected and all of the payments or grants in lieu of taxes due and collected upon the taxable property in such project shall be paid into the funds of the respective taxing agencies. When such bonds and interest thereof, and such debt service reimbursement to the provider of or reimbursement party with respect to such credit enhancement, have been paid in full, all moneys thereafter received from taxes or payments or grants in lieu of taxes upon the taxable property in such development project shall be paid into the funds of the respective taxing agencies in the same manner as taxes on all other property are paid. The total amount of bonds issued pursuant to this section which are payable from grants in lieu of taxes payable by the state shall not exceed an amount of bonds, the debt service on which in any state fiscal year is, in total, equal to one million dollars.

(c) The corporation may make grants or provide loans or other forms of financial assistance from the proceeds of special or general obligation notes or bonds of the corporation issued without the security of a special capital reserve fund within the meaning of subsection (b) of section 32-23j, which bonds are payable from and secured by, in whole or in part, the pledge and security provided for in section 8-134, 8-192, 32-227 or this section, all on such terms and conditions, including such agreements with the municipality and the developer of the project, as the corporation determines to be appropriate in the circumstances, provided any such project in an area designated as an enterprise zone pursuant to section 32-70 receiving such financial assistance shall be ineligible for any fixed assessment pursuant to section 32-71, and the corporation, as a condition of such grant, loan or other financial assistance, may require the waiver, in whole or in part, of any property tax exemption with respect to such project otherwise available under subsection (59) or (60) of section 12-81.

(d) As used in this section, “bonds” means any bonds, including refunding bonds, notes, temporary notes, interim certificates, debentures or other obligations; “legislative body” has the meaning provided in subsection (w) of section 32-222; and “municipality” means a town, city, consolidated town or city or consolidated town and borough.

(e) For purposes of this section, references to Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, shall include any subsidiary of Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, established pursuant to section 32-11e, and a municipality may act by and through its implementing agency, as defined in subsection (k) of section 32-222.

(f) In the case of a remediation project, as defined in subsection (gg) of section 32-23d, that involves buildings that are vacant, underutilized or in deteriorating condition and as to which municipal real property taxes are delinquent, in whole or in part, for more than one fiscal year, the amount determined in accordance with subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of this section may, if the resolution of the municipality so provides, be established at an amount less than the amount so determined, but not less than the amount of municipal property taxes actually paid during the most recently completed fiscal year. If Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, issues bonds for the remediation project, the amount established in the resolution shall be used for all purposes of subsection (a) of this section.

(P.A. 01-179, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 73, 85; P.A. 04-106, S. 1; P.A. 05-113, S. 1; P.A. 08-162, S. 1; P.A. 09-61, S. 1; P.A. 11-103, S. 1; 11-141, S. 16; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 180.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 amended Subsec. (b) to specify that the limit on total debt service is for any state fiscal year, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 04-106 added Subsec. (g) re remediation projects involving buildings that are vacant and as to which municipal taxes are delinquent, effective May 21, 2004; P.A. 05-113 amended Subsec. (f) to extend date from which authority prohibited from approving commitments for new projects from July 1, 2005, to July 1, 2008, effective June 24, 2005; P.A. 08-162 amended Subsec. (f) to change commitment deadline from July 1, 2008, to July 1, 2010, effective June 12, 2008 (Revisor’s note: In 2009, a reference to “subsection (y) of section 32-222” in Subsec. (d) was changed editorially by the Revisors to “subsection (w) of section 32-222” to conform with changes made by P.A. 08-34); P.A. 09-61 amended Subsec. (f) to change commitment deadline from July 1, 2010, to July 1, 2012, effective May 27, 2009; P.A. 11-103 deleted former Subsec. (f) re final date for commitments for new projects and redesignated existing Subsec. (g) as Subsec. (f), effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-141 made identical changes in Subsec. (f) as P.A. 11-103, effective July 1, 2011; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 replaced “Connecticut Development Authority” with “Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated”, replaced “authority” with “corporation” and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2012 (Revisor’s note: In Subsec. (c), references to “authority” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “corporation” to conform with changes made by June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 152, 180).