CHAPTER 446h

SOIL CONSERVATION

Table of Contents

Sec. 22a-314. (Formerly Sec. 25-104). General duties of commissioner concerning soil and water erosion.

Sec. 22a-315. (Formerly Sec. 25-104a). Soil and water conservation districts and boards; establishment, powers and council.

Sec. 22a-316. (Formerly Sec. 25-105). Soil conservation equipment account.

Sec. 22a-317. (Formerly Sec. 25-105a). State grants to county soil and water conservation districts.

Sec. 22a-318. (Formerly Sec. 25-106). Watershed soil conservation, flood prevention, conservation programs. Definitions.

Sec. 22a-319. (Formerly Sec. 25-107). Initiation of watershed area programs.

Sec. 22a-320. (Formerly Sec. 25-108). Acquisition of land. State and federal assistance. Municipal participation.

Sec. 22a-321. (Formerly Sec. 25-108a). Reimbursement of public service companies for relocation of facilities.

Sec. 22a-322. (Formerly Sec. 25-109). Interstate agreements.

Sec. 22a-323. (Formerly Sec. 25-109a). Use of flood water detention areas for park and recreation purposes.

Sec. 22a-324. (Formerly Sec. 25-109b). Conveyance and transfer of real property for watershed program purposes.

Sec. 22a-325. Short title: Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act.

Sec. 22a-326. Legislative finding; policy of the state.

Sec. 22a-327. Definitions.

Sec. 22a-328. Guidelines for soil erosion and sediment control.

Sec. 22a-329. Municipal land use. Regulations.

Secs. 22a-330 to 22a-335. Reserved


Sec. 22a-314. (Formerly Sec. 25-104). General duties of commissioner concerning soil and water erosion. The Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection may (a) make or cause to be made surveys, investigations and research concerning the problems of soil and water erosion and its control and publish his findings and disseminate information concerning the subject; (b) cooperate with or enter into agreements with any state agency or any owner or occupant of land in this state to carry out the provisions of this section; (c) obtain options upon or acquire, by purchase, exchange, lease, gift, grant, bequest or devise, any property, real or personal, or rights or interests therein, maintain, administer and improve any property so acquired, and receive income from such property and expend such income in carrying out the purposes of this section; and may sell, lease or otherwise dispose of any such property or interest therein for such purposes; (d) accept contributions in money, services, materials or otherwise from the United States or from this state or from any person, firm or corporation for such purposes; and (e) as a condition to extending of any material benefits to landowners, under this section, require contributions to any operations upon such land and require landowners who have consented to such work being done on their land to enter into and perform such agreements as to long-term use of such lands as will tend to prevent erosion thereon. Said commissioner, or any assistant or employee of the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, may, at any reasonable time and upon notice by registered mail sent to the last-known address of the owner of such premises or with the oral permission of such owner or his agent, enter any premises while engaged in the performance of duty under the provisions of this title. Said commissioner shall have power to make necessary regulations to carry out the provisions of this section.

(1949 Rev., S. 3062, 3063; 1955, S. 1703d; November, 1955, S. N175; 1959, P.A. 637, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 67; 104, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 351; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 122; P.A. 74-325, S. 2, 5; P.A. 11-80, S. 1.)

History: 1959 act replaced commissioner of agriculture with commissioner of agriculture, conservation and natural resources; 1961 acts replaced commissioner of agriculture, conservation and natural resources with commissioner of agriculture and natural resources and included “water” erosion as a concern under section provisions; 1967 act added provision authorizing commissioner and department personnel to enter premises while performing their duties; 1971 act replaced commissioner and department of agriculture and natural resources with commissioner and department of environmental protection; P.A. 74-325 deleted Subdiv. (b) which had required commissioner to assist individuals with soil and water erosion problems in formation of voluntary associations for mutual assistance in dealing with such problems; Sec. 25-104 transferred to Sec. 22a-314 in 1983; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” and “Department of Environmental Protection” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection” and “Department of Energy and Environmental Protection”, respectively, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 22a-315. (Formerly Sec. 25-104a). Soil and water conservation districts and boards; establishment, powers and council. (a) In order to assist the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection in identifying and remedying the problems of soil and water erosion, the commissioner shall, by regulation, establish soil and water conservation districts and boards. Such boards shall advise him on matters of soil and water conservation, erosion and sedimentation control and shall assist him in implementing programs concerning such matters. Such regulations shall (1) establish geographic boundaries for each district, (2) establish procedures for the selection, by the residents in each district, of a board of supervisors for each district, and (3) provide operating procedures for such boards of such districts. Such regulations shall be adopted pursuant to chapter 54.

(b) The commissioner by regulation pursuant to chapter 54, may authorize such boards to (1) develop soil and water conservation, erosion and sedimentation control programs, priorities and workplans; (2) provide, by agreement, for technical assistance from cooperating state and federal agencies to municipal and regional agencies and to landowners; (3) receive funds, by transfer, grant or otherwise from the commissioner, including grants pursuant to section 22a-317, or by donation or subscription from private sources, and expend such funds without regard to the provisions of chapter 50; (4) use or provide for the use of state equipment made available pursuant to section 22a-316; (5) enter into contracts and employ consultants and other assistants on a contract basis or other basis for rendering legal, financial, technical or other assistance and duties to carry out the purposes of this chapter; and (6) acquire property by purchase, lease, gift or otherwise and to hold such property in the name of the district.

(c) The commissioner may, by regulation, adopted pursuant to chapter 54, establish a council to coordinate the activities of such boards of such districts with the activities of the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection and other state, regional and local agencies and propose regulations to said department in matters of soil and water erosion conservation and to advise and assist the commissioner in conserving and protecting the land, water and other natural resources of the state. The council shall be within the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection for administrative purposes only. Such council shall consist of nine members, five representing the soil and water conservation districts to be selected by each of the five districts’ boards, the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection or a designee, the Commissioner of Agriculture, or a designee, a representative of a nongovernmental organization appointed by the Governor and a representative of The University of Connecticut’s cooperative extension system. In addition, the council shall include, but not be limited to, the following at-large nonvoting members: The State Conservationist or designee of the Natural Resource Conservation Service, the director of the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station or a designee, the director of the Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station or a designee, municipal staff representatives responsible for erosion and sedimentation control, the State Committee Chairman of the Farm Services Agency and a council member of a resource conservation and development area. The commissioner shall have the authority to receive funds from any source on behalf of the council and shall expend such funds with the advice and consent of the council for equipment, supplies, and such full-time and part-time staff and consultants as may be necessary to carry out the council’s duties and any other at-large, nonvoting members who have expertise to support the duties of the council.

(d) The council may receive funds from any source and expend such funds for equipment, supplies, staff and consultants as may be necessary to carry out its duties. The council shall distribute funds for program activities after a vote in which the members representing the boards of the soil and water conservation districts shall collectively have one vote. The council may employ an executive director who shall not be subject to the provisions of chapter 67. The council may seek funding and provide financial support to boards of soil and water conservation districts and other organizations for activities contributing to soil and water conservation. The council may adopt and amend by a majority vote such bylaws as it deems necessary to conduct its business.

(e) Prior to the promulgation of any regulations by the commissioner pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of this section, such proposed regulations shall first be approved by a majority of said council.

(f) For the purposes of this section, soil and water conservation districts or boards shall not be considered state agencies or political or administrative subdivisions of the state.

(P.A. 74-325, S. 1, 5; P.A. 75-428, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-146, S. 1, 2; P.A. 82-390, S. 1, 2; 82-472, S. 175, 183; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-10, S. 18, 20; P.A. 04-151, S. 9; P.A. 11-80, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 75-428 added Subdivs. (5) and (6), authorizing commissioner to make contracts and acquire property, in Subsec. (b) and added Subsec. (e); P.A. 77-146 authorized commissioner to receive funds on behalf of council and to expend such funds for equipment, supplies, staff, etc. in Subsec. (c); P.A. 82-390 amended Subsec. (c) to place the council within the department of environmental protection for administrative purposes, added membership from the state agricultural stabilization and conservation committee, included as ex-officio members the executive director of the agricultural stabilization and conservation service, the Director of the Farmers Home Administration, the director of the Connecticut agricultural experiment station, the director of the Storrs agricultural experiment station and the area director of the United States Forest Service and inserted new Subsec. (d) authorizing the commissioner to solicit and receive funds from any source, relettering former Subsecs. (d) and (e) accordingly; P.A. 82-472 made a technical change in Subsec. (d); Sec. 25-104a transferred to Sec. 22a-315 in 1983; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-10 amended Subsec. (c) to make establishment of the council discretionary on the part of the commissioner; P.A. 04-151 amended Subsec. (c) to revise provisions re powers of the council to allow it to advise and assist the commissioner in conserving the natural resources of the state, to revise the membership of the council, and to allow at-large nonvoting members, effective May 21, 2004; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” and “Department of Environmental Protection” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection” and “Department of Energy and Environmental Protection”, respectively, effective July 1, 2011.

See Sec. 4-38f for definition of “administrative purposes only”.

Sec. 22a-316. (Formerly Sec. 25-105). Soil conservation equipment account. There shall continue to be maintained from the income received in administering section 22a-314, an equipment account, which shall be a separate, nonlapsing account within the General Fund, for the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection. The commissioner may use said account for the purchase and maintenance of equipment, provided no single article of equipment shall be purchased from said account at a cost of more than one thousand dollars without the approval of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. The Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection may at his discretion make state equipment available to any soil and water conservation district.

(1949 Rev., S. 3064; 1959, P.A. 637, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 67; 1963, P.A. 23; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 123; P.A. 74-325, S. 3, 5; P.A. 77-614, S. 19, 610; P.A. 86-312, S. 8, 21; P.A. 11-80, S. 1.)

History: 1959 act replaced commissioner of agriculture with commissioner of agriculture, conservation and natural resources; 1961 act replaced commissioner of agriculture, conservation and natural resources with commissioner of agriculture and natural resources; 1963 act authorized commissioner to make state equipment available to soil and water conservation districts; 1971 act replaced commissioner of agriculture and natural resources with commissioner of environmental protection; P.A. 74-325 did not change section; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of finance and control with secretary of the office of policy and management; Sec. 25-105 transferred to Sec. 22a-316 in 1983; P.A. 86-312 changed equipment “fund” from a revolving fund to a separate nonlapsing “account” within the general fund; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 22a-317. (Formerly Sec. 25-105a). State grants to county soil and water conservation districts. The Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection may provide, within available appropriations, an annual grant to each of the eight county soil and water conservation districts and thereafter to the soil and water conservation districts established pursuant to section 22a-315 upon approval of regulations establishing such districts to assist in expansion of public services.

(1967, P.A. 579, S. 1; P.A. 74-325, S. 4, 5; P.A. 76-207, S. 1, 2; P.A. 82-380, S. 1, 3; P.A. 84-308, S. 1, 4; P.A. 86-299, S. 1, 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-10, S. 19, 20; P.A. 11-80, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 74-325 added reference to payments made to soil and water conservation districts which are not “county” districts; P.A. 76-207 increased amount of payments from $1,000 to $6,000; P.A. 82-380 raised the annual appropriation for the county soil and water conservation districts from $6,000 to $9,000; Sec. 25-105a transferred to Sec. 22a-317 in 1983; P.A. 84-308 increased the amount of the grant from $9,000 to $12,000; P.A. 86-299 increased grant amount to $16,500; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-10 made grants under this section discretionary, replacing provision authorizing comptroller to draw $16,500 for each district annually; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 22a-318. (Formerly Sec. 25-106). Watershed soil conservation, flood prevention, conservation programs. Definitions. As used in sections 22a-318 to 22a-322, inclusive, “works of improvement” means any undertaking for: (a) Flood prevention, including structural, nonstructural and land-treatment measures, (b) the conservation, development, utilization and disposal of water, including fish and wildlife or recreational developments, or (c) any multiple purpose or open space use and access thereto for any of the aforementioned uses, in watershed or subwatershed areas not exceeding two hundred and fifty thousand acres and not including any single structure which provides more than five thousand acre-feet of flood water detention capacity, and more than twenty-five thousand acre-feet of total capacity. The Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection is authorized to act as a local organization, as that term is defined in Public Law 566, 83rd Congress, as amended, for the purpose of cooperating with the Secretary of Agriculture in planning and carrying out any of the works of improvement authorized by said Public Law 566, as amended.

(November, 1955, S. N172; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 79; 218, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 637, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 67; 1963, P.A. 365; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 124; P.A. 81-136, S. 1; P.A. 11-80, S. 1.)

History: 1959 act replaced commissioner of agriculture with commissioner of agriculture, conservation and natural resources; 1961 act dropped “conservation” from commissioner’s title; 1963 act made specific reference to conservation, use, etc. of fish, wildlife and to recreational developments and to “multiple purpose or open space land use”; 1971 act replaced commissioner of agriculture and natural resources with commissioner of environmental protection; P.A. 81-136 amended the definition of “works of improvement” to include nonstructural measures for flood prevention; Sec. 25-106 transferred to Sec. 22a-318 in 1983; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 22a-319. (Formerly Sec. 25-107). Initiation of watershed area programs. The legislative body of any town or city may vote to request the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection for advice and assistance in initiating a United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, watershed protection and flood prevention project for the watershed or subwatershed area in which such municipality is located. The commissioner, after receiving such request, shall designate to such legislative body any other municipality or municipalities which, for the purposes of such a project, would be included in such area, and may prepare an application requesting the Secretary of Agriculture to furnish assistance in planning and carrying out such project under the provisions of said Public Law 566, as amended. The approval of such application by the Secretary of Agriculture shall be authorization for the commissioner, with the assistance of the Secretary of Agriculture, to engage in preauthorization planning for a watershed protection and flood prevention project and to make a preauthorization report. If such report shows that a watershed protection and flood prevention project is feasible, the commissioner shall advise the legislative body of each municipality to be included in the project area of the general type and extent of works of improvement desirable for such project and he shall request the Secretary of Agriculture to develop a detailed watershed plan including, but not limited to, the project’s cost estimates and environmental impacts. The commissioner shall request the chief elected official of each municipality and the soil and water conservation district in the project area to appoint one representative each to a watershed committee whose purpose shall be to advise the commissioner on any detailed watershed plan. If the Secretary of Agriculture approves the commissioner’s request to develop a detailed watershed plan, the commissioner shall cooperate in the development of such plan. After a detailed watershed plan has been developed, the commissioner shall submit copies of such plan to the legislative body of each municipality in the project area. If two-thirds of the total number of such municipalities, by vote of their respective legislative bodies, approve the watershed plan, the commissioner shall cooperate with the Secretary of Agriculture in such plan’s implementation. The watershed plan may include structural, nonstructural or land-treatment measures and may include multiple purpose developments for municipal water supply, fish, wildlife, open space or recreational uses. No watershed plan shall be implemented unless funds to meet state costs are authorized by the General Assembly or by the municipality requesting advice or assistance or both. No watershed plan shall be implemented until an agreement reached among all of the municipalities and approved by the commissioner for reimbursement, by a municipality benefited by construction of a flood control structure, of tax revenues lost by any municipality included in the project area, but not benefited by the construction of such structure within the boundaries of that municipality.

(November, 1955, S. N173; 1957, P.A. 218, S. 2; 1959, P.A. 637, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 67; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 125; P.A. 81-136, S. 2; P.A. 11-80, S. 1.)

History: 1959 act replaced commissioner of agriculture with commissioner of agriculture, conservation and natural resources; 1961 act deleted “conservation” from commissioner’s title; 1971 act replaced commissioner of agriculture and natural resources and state soil conservation advisory committee with commissioner of environmental protection; P.A. 81-136 included watershed protection as function of projects and replaced previous provisions concerning procedure for establishing project with new more detailed provisions, including preauthorization planning; Sec. 25-107 transferred to Sec. 22a-319 in 1983; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 22a-320. (Formerly Sec. 25-108). Acquisition of land. State and federal assistance. Municipal participation. The Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection may (a) acquire, by purchase, lease or gift, or by eminent domain in the manner provided by part I of chapter 835, such land, easements or rights-of-way as will be needed in connection with works of improvement under sections 22a-318 to 22a-322, inclusive, provided the power of eminent domain shall not extend to property owned or used by public service companies, as defined in section 16-1, (b) allocate funds as the state’s share of the cost of such works of improvement, (c) make such agreements with the Secretary of Agriculture as are necessary to obtain federal assistance under said Public Law 566, as amended, and (d) borrow funds from the Secretary of Agriculture as provided for in said Public Law 566, as amended, to finance the local share of costs of carrying out works of improvement. The commissioner shall have charge of the construction, operation and maintenance of such works of improvement, and the state shall retain title to any structures erected as provided by sections 22a-318 to 22a-322, inclusive, with the exception of those lands or works of improvement for recreational or fish and wildlife development. The commissioner may enter into agreements with towns, cities or boroughs within the watershed area for the construction, operation and maintenance of works of improvement for recreational or fish and wildlife developments, and may convey title to any structure erected therefor.

(November, 1955, S. N174; 1957, P.A. 218, S. 3; 1959, P.A. 637, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 67; 1963, P.A. 535, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 126; P.A. 11-80, S. 1.)

History: 1959 act replaced commissioner of agriculture with commissioner of agriculture, conservation and natural resources; 1961 act deleted “conservation” in commissioner’s title; 1963 act excepted lands or works of improvement for recreational or fish and wildlife development from lands and structures to which state retains title and authorized commissioner to enter agreements with towns, cities or boroughs re recreational, fish and wildlife developments; 1971 act replaced commissioner of agriculture and natural resources with commissioner of environmental protection; Sec. 25-108 transferred to Sec. 22a-320 in 1983; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection”, effective July 1, 2011.

See Secs. 7-131k, 7-131l re municipal participation.

Sec. 22a-321. (Formerly Sec. 25-108a). Reimbursement of public service companies for relocation of facilities. Whenever the construction of any works of improvement, as defined in section 22a-318, for which the state has agreed to provide the necessary land, easements and rights-of-way, requires the readjustment, relocation or removal of any public service facility, the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection shall issue an appropriate order to the company, corporation or municipality owning or operating such facility, and such company, corporation or municipality shall readjust, relocate or remove the same promptly in accordance with such order, and the cost of such readjustment, relocation or removal, including the cost of installing and constructing a facility of equal capacity in a new location, together with the cost of acquiring such rights in other land as may be necessary to relocate said facilities, shall be borne by the state. In establishing the cost to be borne by the state, there shall be deducted from the cost of the readjusted, relocated or removed facilities a sum based on a consideration of the value of materials salvaged from existing installations, the cost of the original installation, the life expectancy of the original facility and the unexpired term of such life use. If said commissioner and the company, corporation or municipality owning or operating such facility cannot agree upon the cost to be borne by the state, either may apply to the superior court for the judicial district within which such works of improvement are situated, or, if said court is not in session, to any judge thereof, for a determination of the cost to be borne by the state, and said court or such judge, after causing notice of the pendency of such application to be given to the other party, shall appoint a state referee to make such determination. Such referee, having given at least ten days’ notice to the parties interested of the time and place of the hearing, shall hear both parties, shall view such facility, shall take such testimony as he deems material and shall thereupon determine the amount of the cost to be borne by the state and forthwith report to the court. If the report is accepted by the court, such determination shall, subject to right of appeal as in civil actions, be conclusive upon both parties.

(February, 1965, P.A. 567; 1971, P.A. 870, S. 121; 872, S. 127; P.A. 74-183, S. 253, 291; P.A. 76-436, S. 217, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 11-80, S. 1.)

History: 1971 acts replaced superior court with court of common pleas, effective September 1, 1971, except that courts with cases pending retain jurisdiction unless pending matters deemed transferable and replaced commissioner of agriculture and natural resources with commissioner of environmental protection; P.A. 74-183 added reference to judicial districts; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties; Sec. 25-108a transferred to Sec. 22a-321 in 1983; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection”, effective July 1, 2011.

See Sec. 25-83a re reimbursement for flood control projects.

Sec. 22a-322. (Formerly Sec. 25-109). Interstate agreements. The Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection may, with the approval of the Governor, negotiate and contract, in the name of the state, with any commission appointed by, or any soil and water conservation district located in, another state, or with any authorized agent thereof, concerning the planning, construction, maintenance and operation of works of improvement on streams or tributaries of streams without the state, which streams in their natural course flow through, into or across the state.

(1957, P.A. 218, S. 4; 1959, P.A. 637, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 67; 104, S. 2; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 128; P.A. 11-80, S. 1.)

History: 1959 act replaced commissioner of agriculture with commissioner of agriculture, conservation and natural resources; 1961 acts deleted “conservation” from commissioner’s title and replaced soil conservation districts with soil and water conservation districts; 1971 act replaced commissioner of agriculture and natural resources with commissioner of environmental protection; Sec. 25-109 transferred to Sec. 22a-322 in 1983; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 22a-323. (Formerly Sec. 25-109a). Use of flood water detention areas for park and recreation purposes. Any town, city or borough may acquire, by purchase, lease or gift, land which has been fixed upon as a site for works of improvement as provided for in sections 22a-318 to 22a-322, inclusive, together with adjoining land for access, all of which land shall be used for municipal park and recreation purposes.

(1959, P.A. 287.)

History: Sec. 25-109a transferred to Sec. 22a-323 in 1983.

Sec. 22a-324. (Formerly Sec. 25-109b). Conveyance and transfer of real property for watershed program purposes. (a) The Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection, with the advice and consent of the Commissioner of Administrative Services, the State Properties Review Board and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, may sell, lease and convey in the name of the state, or otherwise dispose of, or enter into agreements concerning, any land, buildings and real property owned by the state and obtained for or in connection with works of improvement under sections 22a-318 to 22a-322, inclusive, which land, buildings or real property are not necessary for such purposes, reserving for the state the rights and privileges necessary for constructing, operating and maintaining the works of improvement, except those relating to recreational or fish and wildlife developments, provided for under said sections.

(b) When the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection finds it necessary that land, the title of which is in the state of Connecticut and which is under the custody and control of any state agency or institution, be taken for the purposes of constructing, operating and maintaining works of improvement provided for in sections 22a-318 to 22a-322, inclusive, he shall petition the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management that custody of such land be transferred to him as Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection. Such petition shall set forth the necessity for such transfer and control. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall present such petition to the agency or institution having custody and control of such land, and upon the recommendation of, and subject to such consideration as may be required by, such agency or institution and with the approval of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and with notice to the Commissioner of Administrative Services, such agency or institution shall transfer the custody and control of such land to the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection, for the purposes required.

(1959, P.A. 39, S. 1, 2; 637, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 67; 1963, P.A. 535, S. 2; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 129; P.A. 75-425, S. 53, 57; P.A. 77-614, S. 19, 73, 610; P.A. 87-496, S. 92, 110; P.A. 11-51, S. 44; 11-80, S. 1.)

History: Later 1959 act replaced commissioner of agriculture with commissioner of agriculture, conservation and natural resources; 1961 act deleted “conservation” from commissioner’s title; 1963 act excepted land and structures etc. relating to recreational or fish and wildlife developments from provisions of section; 1971 act replaced commissioner of agriculture and natural resources with commissioner of environmental protection; P.A. 75-425 added public works commissioner and properties review board as advisors in Subsec. (a) and required that public works commissioner be notified of land transfers in Subsec. (b); P.A. 77-614 replaced public works commissioner with commissioner of administrative services and commissioner of finance and control with secretary of the office of policy and management; Sec. 25-109b transferred to Sec. 22a-324 in 1983; P.A. 87-496 substituted “public works” for “administrative services” commissioner; pursuant to P.A. 11-51, “Commissioner of Public Works” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Administrative Services”, effective July 1, 2011; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 22a-325. Short title: Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act. Sections 22a-325 to 22a-329, inclusive, shall be known and may be cited as the “Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act”.

(P.A. 83-388, S. 1.)

Sec. 22a-326. Legislative finding; policy of the state. The General Assembly finds that soil erosion on land being developed is a serious problem in Connecticut, that sediment is a source of pollution, that rapid changes in land use from agricultural and rural to nonagricultural and urban and the construction of residential, industrial and commercial development and land-disturbing activities associated with development have accelerated soil erosion and sediment deposition resulting in water pollution and damage to residential, agricultural, industrial and recreational land uses, to fish and wildlife and to other resources. It is, therefore, declared to be the policy of the state to strengthen and extend its erosion and sediment control activities and programs and to establish and implement, through the Council on Soil and Water Conservation, soil and water conservation districts, the municipalities and the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection, a state-wide coordinated erosion and sediment control program which shall reduce the danger from storm water runoff, minimize nonpoint sediment pollution from land being developed and conserve and protect the land, water, air and other environmental resources of the state.

(P.A. 83-388, S. 2; P.A. 11-80, S. 1.)

History: Pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 22a-327. Definitions. As used in sections 22a-325 to 22a-329, inclusive:

(1) “Council” means the Council on Soil and Water Conservation established under subsection (c) of section 22a-315;

(2) “Disturbed area” means an area where the cover is destroyed or removed leaving the land subject to accelerated erosion;

(3) “Erosion” means the detachment and movement of soil or rock fragments by water, wind, ice and gravity;

(4) “Inspection” means the periodic review of sediment and erosion control measures shown on the certified plan;

(5) “Soil erosion and sediment control plan” means a scheme that minimizes soil erosion and sedimentation and includes, but is not limited to, a map and narrative. The map shall show topography, cleared and graded areas, proposed area alterations and the location of and detailed information concerning erosion and sediment measures and facilities. The narrative shall describe the project, the schedule of major activities on the land, the application of conservation practices, design criteria, construction details and the maintenance program for any erosion and sediment control facilities that are installed;

(6) “Regulations” mean any regulations adopted by a municipality pursuant to sections 8-2 and 8-25;

(7) “Sediment” means solid material, either mineral or organic, that is in suspension, is transported, or has been moved from its site of origin by erosion;

(8) “Soil” means any unconsolidated mineral and organic material of any origin.

(P.A. 83-388, S. 3; P.A. 85-409, S. 4, 8.)

History: P.A. 85-409 removed reference to Sec. 8-13d in Subdiv. (6), that section having been repealed by the same act.

Sec. 22a-328. Guidelines for soil erosion and sediment control. The council shall develop guidelines for soil erosion and sediment control on land being developed. The guidelines shall outline methods and techniques for minimizing erosion and sedimentation based on the best currently available technology. Such guidelines shall include, but not be limited to, model regulations that may be used by municipalities to comply with the provisions of sections 22a-325 to 22a-329, inclusive. The Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection and the soil and water conservation districts shall make the guidelines available to the public.

(P.A. 83-388, S. 4; P.A. 11-80, S. 1.)

History: Pursuant to P.A. 11-80, “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 22a-329. Municipal land use. Regulations. (a) The regulations adopted by a municipality pursuant to sections 8-2 and 8-25, on and after July 1, 1985, shall require that: (1) Proper provision be made for soil erosion and sediment control; (2) a soil erosion and sediment control plan be submitted with any application for development when the disturbed area of such development is more than one-half acre; and (3) the municipality or the soil and water conservation district shall certify that the plan complies with regulations adopted pursuant to said sections. Prior to certification, any plan submitted to a municipality may be reviewed by the soil and water conservation districts which may make recommendations concerning such plan, provided such review shall be completed within thirty days of the receipt of such plan. The regulations shall include, but not be limited to, provisions for certification of a plan and inspection of measures being installed pursuant to such plan. A single-family dwelling that is not a part of a subdivision of land shall be exempt from such regulations. The soil and water conservation districts shall assist municipalities which so request in developing regulations to comply with this section. Nothing in this section shall be construed as extending the time limits for the approval of any application under chapter 124 or 126.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the council may grant an extension of time for the adoption of the regulations on soil and sediment control required under sections 8-2 and 8-25, but not beyond June 30, 1986, to any municipality which makes application to the council before July 1, 1985.

(P.A. 83-388, S. 5, 9; P.A. 85-91, S. 1, 5; 85-409, S. 5, 8.)

History: P.A. 83-388, S. 5, effective July 1, 1985; P.A. 85-91 added Subsec. (b) re time extension for adoption of regulations and made a corresponding technical change to prior provisions, designated as Subsec. (a); P.A. 85-409 removed reference to Sec. 8-13d and chapter 124a which were repealed by the same act.

Cited. 19 CA 334.

Secs. 22a-330 to 22a-335. Reserved for future use.