CHAPTER 396*

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS

*See Sec. 21a-9 for definition of “certificate”, “license”, and “registration”.

Table of Contents

Sec. 20-367. Definitions.

Sec. 20-368. State Board of Landscape Architects. Regulations.

Sec. 20-369. License required for practice of landscape architecture. Use of title “landscape architect”.

Sec. 20-369a. Practice of landscape architecture under corporate form or by corporation or limited liability company employing licensed landscape architects.

Sec. 20-370. Examination for licensure. Fee.

Sec. 20-371. Waiver of requirements for examination.

Sec. 20-372. Licenses. Roster.

Sec. 20-373. Suspension or revocation of license. Appeal.

Sec. 20-374. Fees. Continuing education. Regulations.

Sec. 20-375. Penalty.

Sec. 20-376. Exemptions.

Sec. 20-377. License without examination.

Secs. 20-377a to 20-377j. Reserved


Sec. 20-367. Definitions. As used in this chapter:

(1) “Board” means the State Board of Landscape Architects appointed under the provisions of section 20-368;

(2) “The practice of landscape architecture” means rendering or offering to render the service of site planning, which may involve and encompass the design or management of land, the arrangement of natural and artificial elements, including, but not limited to, grading and incidental drainage, soil and erosion control, and planting plans, and the determination and consideration of inherent problems of the land relating to natural and artificial forces with concern for resource conservation in accordance with accepted professional standards of public health, safety and welfare, such service to be rendered to clients by consultation, investigation, reconnaissance, research, planning, specification, design or periodic observation; but does not include the physical implementation of such service, including, but not limited to, the actual on-site performance of grading, drainage, soil and erosion controls and planting work normally performed by builders, general contractors and subcontractors; and

(3) “Landscape architect” means a person who holds a license to practice landscape architecture in this state under the authority of this chapter.

(1967, P.A. 748, S. 1; P.A. 78-246, S. 1; P.A. 82-241, S. 1, 11; 82-472, S. 95, 183; P.A. 97-174, S. 1; P.A. 98-3, S. 52.)

History: P.A. 78-246 redefined “practice of landscape architecture”, replacing “choice of location” with “design or management of land”, replacing “natural forms and features” with “natural and artificial elements” and requiring concern for resource conservation; P.A. 82-241 amended section to change term “certificate” to “license”; P.A. 82-472 subdivided the section; P.A. 97-174 amended the definition of “the practice of landscape architecture” in Subdiv. (2); P.A. 98-3 made a technical change in Subdiv. (1).

Sec. 20-368. State Board of Landscape Architects. Regulations. (a) There shall be in the Department of Consumer Protection a State Board of Landscape Architects which shall consist of seven members appointed by the Governor subject to the provisions of section 4-9a. The Governor may remove any member from office for misconduct, incapacity or neglect of duty. Four members of the board shall be landscape architects whose residences and principal places of business are within this state, who have been actively engaged in the practice of landscape architecture for not less than ten years and who are licensed to practice landscape architecture within this state, and three members of the board shall be public members. The members of the board shall serve without compensation but shall be reimbursed for necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties. The board shall keep a true and complete record of all proceedings of the board.

(b) The Commissioner of Consumer Protection shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, concerning eligibility for landscape architectural licensing examinations, appeals of examination grades, reciprocal licensing and such other matters as the commissioner deems necessary to effect the purposes of this chapter.

(1967, P.A. 748, S. 2; P.A. 73-298, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 213, 610; Nov. Sp. Sess. P.A. 81-11, S. 13, 19; P.A. 82-241, S. 2, 11; P.A. 99-73, S. 5; P.A. 01-195, S. 82, 181; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(c), (d); P.A. 04-169, S. 17; 04-189, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 73-298 increased number of board members from five to seven, increasing number of members required to be landscape architects from three to four; P.A. 77-614 placed board within consumer protection department, deleted appointment provisions, deleted provision re election of board officers, deleted references to board secretary, deleted provisions specifying board’s powers re regulations, enforcement, subpoena power, etc. and clarified that the three members who are not landscape architects are public members, effective January 1, 1979; Nov. Sp. Sess. P.A. 81-11 specified that board members are to be reimbursed for expenses incurred in performing duties; P.A. 82-241 specified that appointments are subject to Sec. 4-9a; P.A. 99-73 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) requiring the commissioner to adopt regulations concerning eligibility for landscape architectural licensing examinations, appeals of examination grades, reciprocal licensing and other matters; P.A. 01-195 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective July 11, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 and P.A. 04-169 replaced Commissioner and Department of Consumer Protection with Commissioner and Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

See Sec. 4-9a for definition of “public member”.

See Secs. 21a-6 to 21a-10, inclusive, re control, powers and duties of boards within Department of Consumer Protection.

Sec. 20-369. License required for practice of landscape architecture. Use of title “landscape architect”. No person, except as provided in this chapter, shall engage in the practice of landscape architecture in this state or use the title “landscape architect” or display or use any words, letters, figures, title, signs, seal, advertisement or other device to indicate that such person practices or offers to practice landscape architecture in this state, unless such person has first secured a license as provided in this chapter.

(1967, P.A. 748, S. 3; P.A. 82-241, S. 3, 11; P.A. 97-174, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 82-241 changed certificate to license; P.A. 97-174 required licensure for engaging in the practice of landscape architecture in this state.

Sec. 20-369a. Practice of landscape architecture under corporate form or by corporation or limited liability company employing licensed landscape architects. (a) The practice of or the offer to practice landscape architecture in this state by individual licensed landscape architects under the corporate form, or by a corporation or limited liability company that employs licensed landscape architects, is permitted, provided: (1) Personnel of such corporation or limited liability company who act on its behalf as landscape architects are licensed or are exempt from licensure under the provisions of this chapter, and (2) such corporation or limited liability company has been issued a certificate of registration by the State Board of Landscape Architects as provided in subsection (b) of this section.

(b) A qualifying corporation or limited liability company desiring a certificate of registration shall file with the board an application upon a form prescribed by the Department of Consumer Protection, accompanied by an application fee of eighty dollars. Each such certificate shall expire annually and shall be renewable upon payment of a fee of two hundred dollars. If all requirements of this chapter are met, the board shall authorize the department to issue to such corporation or limited liability company a certificate of registration within thirty days after such application, provided the board may refuse to authorize the issuance of a certificate if any facts exist which would entitle the board to suspend or revoke an existing certificate of registration.

(c) Each such corporation or limited liability company shall file with the board a designation of an individual or individuals licensed to engage in the practice of landscape architecture in this state who shall be in charge of landscape architecture by such corporation or limited liability company in this state. Such corporation or limited liability company shall notify the board of any change in such designation within thirty days after such change becomes effective.

(d) All final plans, drawings, specifications, reports or other documents involving the practice of landscape architecture which are prepared or approved by any such corporation or limited liability company or landscape architect for use of or for delivery to any person or for public record within this state shall be dated and bear the signature and seal of the landscape architect who prepared them or under whose supervision they were prepared.

(e) No corporation or limited liability company shall be relieved of responsibility for the conduct or acts of its agents, employees or officers by reason of its compliance with the provisions of this section, nor shall any individual practicing landscape architecture be relieved of responsibility for landscape architecture services performed by reason of such individual’s employment or relationship with such corporation or limited liability company.

(P.A. 11-117, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 11-117 effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 20-370. Examination for licensure. Fee. No person shall receive a license under the provisions of this chapter until he has passed an examination which shall include the uniform national examination established by the Council of Landscape Architectural Boards for examination of candidates for licensure as landscape architects and such technical and professional subjects as may be prescribed by the board with the consent of the Commissioner of Consumer Protection. Any person who has completed the course of study in and been graduated from a college or school of landscape architecture approved by the board may apply for such examination, provided he shall submit evidence of a minimum of two years’ practical experience under the direct supervision of a licensed landscape architect. In lieu of such graduation from an accredited college or school of landscape architecture and such practical experience, an applicant may be admitted to the examination upon presenting evidence of at least eight years of actual, practical experience in landscape architectural work of a grade and character satisfactory to the board. If the applicant’s examination is satisfactory, upon payment of the license fee fixed by section 20-374, the board shall authorize the Department of Consumer Protection to issue a license to the applicant, showing that the person named therein passed the examination and is entitled to practice landscape architecture in this state in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

(1967, P.A. 748, S. 4; P.A. 73-361; P.A. 77-614, S. 214, 610; P.A. 78-320, S. 1, 4; P.A. 81-361, S. 33, 39; P.A. 82-241, S. 4, 11; P.A. 89-251, S. 139, 203; P.A. 92-74, S. 5, 7; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(c), (d); P.A. 04-169, S. 17; 04-189, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 73-361 required that examination include Uniform National Examination and established fees for examination and reexamination; P.A. 77-614 required consent of consumer protection commissioner for examination contents, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-320 raised initial examination fee from $40 to $75 and fee for reexamination from $5 to $20 for each part and clarified that fees are not refundable and deleted references to secretary of the board, including provision requiring that secretary notify secretary of the state of issuance of certificates; P.A. 81-361 amended section to allow the department to issue certificates upon the authorization of the board on and after July 1, 1981, to provide that fees are payable to the department instead of the board and to delete requirement that certificate be signed by board chairman and sealed with board seal; P.A. 82-241 changed registration to licensure; P.A. 89-251 increased the examination fee from $75 to 150 and increased the reexamination fee from $20 to $40; P.A. 92-74 amended section by deleting provisions specifying dollar amounts of fees for examination and reexamination and that all moneys received by the department to be paid to the state treasurer and to be nonrefundable; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 and P.A. 04-169 replaced Commissioner and Department of Consumer Protection with Commissioner and Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

Sec. 20-371. Waiver of requirements for examination. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 20-370, the board may waive the requirements for examination of a currently practicing, competent landscape architect holding a license in another state provided that state has licensure standards that are substantially similar to, or higher than, those of this state and the practitioner has no disciplinary proceedings or unresolved complaint pending against him.

(1967, P.A. 748, S. 11; P.A. 73-268; P.A. 82-241, S. 5, 11.)

History: P.A. 73-268 deleted requirement that other state must grant equal rights to Connecticut licensees for waiver to apply; P.A. 82-241 amended section to provide that out of state practitioner must be currently practicing in a state having licensure standards that are substantially similar to or higher than those of this state and have no unresolved complaints or disciplinary proceedings pending against him, to be eligible for licensure without examination.

Sec. 20-372. Licenses. Roster. (a) The issuance of a license by the Department of Consumer Protection shall be evidence that the person named in such license is entitled to the rights and privileges of a licensed landscape architect while such license remains valid. The board may deny or refuse to authorize the issuance of a license by the department upon proof of the commission by an applicant of any act or omission which would constitute cause for disciplinary action under this chapter if committed by a licensee. The department shall keep a record of the names and addresses of all licensed landscape architects, which record shall be open to the public. The department shall keep an index and record of each license. The license shall contain the name of the person to whom issued and his address and principal place of business. Licenses to practice landscape architecture shall remain in full force until revoked or suspended for cause, as provided in section 20-373.

(b) Each landscape architect licensed under this chapter shall have a seal approved by the board, which shall contain the name of the landscape architect and the words “licensed landscape architect, state of Connecticut”, and such other words or figures as the board may deem necessary. Working drawings or reports prepared for plans or projects which by the terms of this chapter shall be prepared by a licensed landscape architect shall be stamped with the seal of the landscape architect. No person shall designate or imply that he is the author of such working drawings or reports unless such person was in responsible charge of their preparation, whether made by him personally, or under his immediate supervision.

(1967, P.A. 748, S. 6; P.A. 81-361, S. 34, 39; P.A. 82-241, S. 6, 11; P.A. 98-3, S. 53; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(d); P.A. 04-169, S. 17; 04-189, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 81-361 amended section to allow the department to issue licenses upon the authorization of the board on and after July 1, 1981, to transfer duty of keeping records of certificates from board to department and to delete provision allowing record to contain “such personal data as the board may require”; P.A. 82-241 changed registration to licensure; P.A. 98-3 made technical changes; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 and P.A. 04-169 replaced Department of Consumer Protection with Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

Sec. 20-373. Suspension or revocation of license. Appeal. After notice and opportunity for hearing as provided in the regulations adopted by the Commissioner of Consumer Protection, the board may: (1) Suspend or revoke any license or registration issued pursuant to this chapter, (2) issue a letter of reprimand to any such license or registration holder, (3) place any such license or registration holder on probationary status with certain conditions, (4) issue a civil penalty in an amount not greater than one thousand dollars to any such license or registration holder, or (5) impose any combination of subdivisions (1) to (4), inclusive, of this section if it is shown that the license or registration was obtained through fraud or misrepresentation; or if the holder of the license or registration has been found guilty by the board or by a court of competent jurisdiction of any fraud or deceit in such license or registration holder’s professional practice; or if the holder of the license or registration has been found guilty by the board of negligence or incompetency; or if the board has found that the licensee or registrant has violated any provision of this chapter, or the regulations adopted pursuant to this chapter. Appeals from the decisions of the board may be taken as provided in section 4-183. The board may authorize the Department of Consumer Protection to reissue any license or registration which has been revoked, and the board may modify or discontinue any action taken by it pursuant to this section.

(1967, P.A. 748, S. 7; 1971, P.A. 870, S. 69; P.A. 76-436, S. 442, 681; P.A. 77-603, S. 87, 125; 77-614, S. 215, 610; P.A. 78-280, S. 54, 55, 127; P.A. 81-361, S. 35, 39; P.A. 82-241, S. 7, 11; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4–6; P.A. 97-174, S. 3; P.A. 99-215, S. 24, 29; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(c), (d); P.A. 04-169, S. 17; 04-189, S. 1; P.A. 11-117, S. 1.)

History: 1971 act replaced superior court with court of common pleas, effective September 1, 1971, except that courts with cases pending retain jurisdiction unless pending matters deemed transferable; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-603 replaced previous appeal provision with statement that appeals shall be in accordance with Sec. 4-183, retaining venue in Hartford county; P.A. 77-614 replaced previous requirement for 30 days notice of hearing with statement that notice and hearing conform to regulations of consumer protection commissioner and deleted provision re venue in appeal provision; P.A. 78-280 made appeals returnable to judicial district of Hartford-New Britain; P.A. 81-361 amended section to allow the department to reissue certificates upon the authorization of the board on and after July 1, 1981; P.A. 82-241 changed certificate to license; P.A. 88-230 replaced “judicial district of Hartford-New Britain at Hartford” with “judicial district of Hartford”, effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-174 added gross negligence and violation of chapter or regulations to grounds for suspension or revocation of license or censure and made technical changes; P.A. 99-215 replaced “judicial district of Hartford” with “judicial district of New Britain”, effective June 29, 1999; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 and P.A. 04-169 replaced Commissioner and Department of Consumer Protection with Commissioner and Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 11-117 deleted provision re 1-year suspension period, added provisions re letter of reprimand, probationary status with certain conditions and civil penalty not greater than $1,000, deleted gross negligence and gross incompetency standards, deleted provisions re Secretary of the State notification and judicial district of New Britain appeals requirements, granted board authority to discontinue any action taken by it pursuant to section, and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 20-374. Fees. Continuing education. Regulations. (a) Every licensed landscape architect shall pay an annual license fee to the department. A holder of a valid license who is not engaging in the active practice of the holder’s profession in this state and does not desire to register may allow the license to lapse by notifying the board of the holder’s intention not to renew the license. After a license has been allowed to lapse or has been suspended, it may be reinstated upon payment of a reinstatement fee and such proof of the landscape architect’s qualifications as may be required in the sound discretion of the board. The department shall issue a receipt to each landscape architect promptly upon the payment of the annual fee for a license. The amount of fees prescribed by this chapter is that fixed by the following schedule: (1) The application fee for examination shall be a nonrefundable fee of eighty dollars; (2) the fee for an initial license shall be two hundred eighty dollars; (3) the fee for a duplicate license shall be fifteen dollars; (4) the annual license fee shall be the professional services fee for class E, as defined in section 33-182l; (5) the reinstatement fee for a suspended license shall be two hundred fifty dollars; and (6) the reinstatement fee for a lapsed license shall be one hundred eighty dollars.

(b) The Commissioner of Consumer Protection shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, that require persons licensed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter to fulfill a continuing education requirement. Any such person applying to renew his license shall submit to the board such proof of compliance with such continuing education requirement as the commissioner may require.

(1967, P.A. 748, S. 9; P.A. 74-338, S. 45, 94; P.A. 78-320, S. 2, 4; P.A. 81-361, S. 36, 39; P.A. 82-241, S. 8, 11; P.A. 89-251, S. 140, 203; P.A. 92-74, S. 6, 7; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-16, S. 54, 89; P.A. 94-36, S. 14, 42; P.A. 97-174, S. 4; P.A. 99-73, S. 6; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(c); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 252.)

History: P.A. 74-338 raised application fee for examination from $20 to $40; P.A. 78-320 added provision re voluntary and intentional lapse of certificate and reinstatement procedure, increased examination fee from $40 to $75, increased original certificate fee from $10 to $15, increased duplicate certificate fee from $2 to $5, increased annual license fee from $20 to $40 and imposed fees for reinstatement of suspended or lapsed certificates; P.A. 81-361 provided that, effective July 1, 1981, license fees are payable to the department instead of the board and that discretion to reduce fees lies with the department not the board; P.A. 82-241 changed certificate to license; P.A. 89-251 increased the examination fee from $75 to $150, increased the original license fee from $15 to $30, increased annual license fee from $40 to $80, increased the reinstatement fee for a suspended license from $100 to $200, and increased the reinstatement fee for a lapsed license from $30 to $90; P.A. 92-74 amended section by decreasing the application fee for examination from $150 to “a nonrefundable” fee of $40, replacing reference to an “original” license with reference to an “initial” license fee, and increasing fee from $30 to $140; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-16 replaced $80 annual license fee with fee for the professional service fee class E established pursuant to Sec. 33-182l; P.A. 94-36 eliminated the “June thirtieth” license renewal date and the late renewal penalties, effective January 1, 1995; P.A. 97-174 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), added provisions re suspension of license for nonpayment of fee or fine and notice thereof in Subsec. (a), added Subsec. (b) re continuing education requirement regulations and made technical changes; P.A. 99-73 amended Subsec. (a) to delete provisions concerning the suspension of landscape architect’s license for nonpayment of license fee or fine and make technical changes; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Consumer Protection with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (a) to increase fees.

See Sec. 21a-4(c) re fines for late license renewals.

See Sec. 21a-10(b) re staggered schedule for license renewals.

Sec. 20-375. Penalty. Any person who knowingly, wilfully or intentionally violates any provision of this chapter shall be fined not more than two hundred fifty dollars, or imprisoned not more than three months, or be both fined and imprisoned.

(1967, P.A. 748, S. 10.)

Sec. 20-376. Exemptions. The following persons and activities are exempted from the provisions of this chapter: Any architect registered under the provisions of chapter 390; and any professional engineer registered under chapter 391. Nothing in this chapter shall prevent a vendor of goods, services or materials, including nurserymen, landscape nurserymen, gardeners, landscape gardeners, and general or landscape contractors, from providing drawings or graphic diagrams necessary for the proper layout of his goods or materials, or prevent a landscape designer from engaging in, for a fee, the design of spaces utilizing plant materials and incidental paving and building materials or arranging for installation of the same. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed in any manner to prohibit any person from making plans, drawings, or specifications for any property owned by him. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, any person exempted under this section or any persons engaged in activities exempted under this section shall not use the title “landscape architect” unless such persons comply with the provisions of section 20-369.

(1967, P.A. 748, S. 8; P.A. 78-246, S. 2; P.A. 97-174, S. 5.)

History: P.A. 78-246 added provision governing use of title “landscape architect”; P.A. 97-174 removed land surveyors from purview of section, revised provisions re nurserymen, landscape nurserymen, gardeners, landscape gardeners and general or landscape contractors, and added provision re landscape designers.

Sec. 20-377. License without examination. Section 20-377 is repealed.

(1967, P.A. 748, S. 5; P.A. 73-616, S. 20.)

Secs. 20-377a to 20-377j. Reserved for future use.