CHAPTER 319*

DEPARTMENT OF CHILDREN AND FAMILIES

*Annotation to former chapter 310:

Cited. 198 C. 138.

Table of Contents

Sec. 17a-1. (Formerly Sec. 17-410). Definitions.

Sec. 17a-2. (Formerly Sec. 17-411). Composition of department. Name change.

Sec. 17a-3. (Formerly Sec. 17-412). Powers and duties of department. Comprehensive strategic plan.

Sec. 17a-3a. Connecticut Juvenile Training School. Department duties.

Sec. 17a-4. (Formerly Sec. 17-413). State Advisory Council on Children and Families. Appointment. Powers and duties.

Sec. 17a-4a. Children’s Behavioral Health Advisory Committee. Membership. Reports.

Sec. 17a-5. (Formerly Sec. 17-414). Appointment of commissioner.

Sec. 17a-6. (Formerly Sec. 17-415). Powers and duties of commissioner.

Sec. 17a-6a. Commissioner to require applicants to submit to state and national criminal history records checks. State child abuse registry checks for applicants.

Sec. 17a-6b. Connecticut Juvenile Training School advisory group. Review. Recommendations. Report by commissioner.

Sec. 17a-6c. Adjudicated youths in care and custody of department. Reports.

Sec. 17a-7. (Formerly Sec. 17-415a). Parole of delinquent child in commissioner’s custody.

Sec. 17a-7a. Standard leave and release policies for delinquent children committed to department. Regulations.

Sec. 17a-8. (Formerly Sec. 17-415b). Custody of children and youths committed to commissioner as delinquent. Term, escape, violation of parole, return to custody. Vocational parole.

Sec. 17a-8a. Authorized leave for delinquent child committed to department.

Sec. 17a-9. (Formerly Sec. 17-417). Appointment of deputy commissioners, directors and administrative heads.

Sec. 17a-10. (Formerly Sec. 17-418). Custody of committed children. Support and health services. Extension or termination of commitment.

Sec. 17a-10a. *(See end of section for amended version and effective date.) Visitation with child in care and custody of commissioner. Visitation of child with sibling.

Sec. 17a-10b. Commissioner to use best efforts to notify grandparent when child removed from custody of parent.

Sec. 17a-10c. Youth Advisory Board. Sibling Bill of Rights.

Sec. 17a-11. (Formerly Sec. 17-419). Voluntary admission. Termination of admission. Permanency plan. Review of plan by probate court. Appeals. Regulations. Plan for care and treatment of persons eighteen years of age or older.

Sec. 17a-12. (Formerly Sec. 17-420). Transfer of child or youth to other program, agency, organization or facility.

Sec. 17a-13. (Formerly Sec. 17-420a). Jurisdiction over person transferred to correctional facility at Cheshire or Niantic.

Sec. 17a-14. (Formerly Sec. 17-420b). Completion of special education programs permitted. Payment by Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services.

Sec. 17a-15. (Formerly Sec. 17-421). Development of treatment and permanent placement plan. Review of plan. Modifications. Application for review. Hearing. Procedure.

Sec. 17a-15a. Inclusion of information in documents concerning permanent placement plan.

Sec. 17a-15b. Department responsibilities re child eligible for benefits from Social Security Administration. Documentation of benefit eligibility in child’s permanency plan.

Sec. 17a-15c. Inclusion of educational, vocational and financial information in permanency plan documents and hearings.

Sec. 17a-16. (Formerly Sec. 17-440). Rights of children and youths under the supervision of the Commissioner of Children and Families.

Sec. 17a-16a. School placement for children in out-of-home care. Nexus school districts.

Sec. 17a-17. (Formerly Sec. 17-421a). Direct payment for goods and services. Single cost accounting system for payment of room and board and education expenses. Payment system for child care facilities.

Sec. 17a-18. (Formerly Sec. 17-422). Receipt of grants or gifts.

Sec. 17a-19. (Formerly Sec. 17-422a). Administration of the parent-child resource system.

Sec. 17a-20. (Formerly Sec. 17-424). Definition of psychiatric clinic and child guidance clinic. Grant of funds.

Sec. 17a-21. (Formerly Sec. 17-424a). Statistical reporting on psychiatric care of children and youths.

Sec. 17a-21a. Guidelines for use and management of psychotropic medications. Database established.

Sec. 17a-22. (Formerly Sec. 17-425). Extended day treatment programs. Grants. Definition of day treatment center.

Sec. 17a-22a. Connecticut Community KidCare. Requirements. Memorandum of understanding for joint administration. Consultation during development. Federal waivers or amendments.

Sec. 17a-22b. Local needs assessment by community collaborative. Lead service agencies to coordinate care of children and youths enrolled in Connecticut Community KidCare. Community collaborative composition and responsibilities.

Sec. 17a-22c. Performance measures for Connecticut Community KidCare. Curricula and training.

Sec. 17a-22d. Establishment of organization with regional local chapters to provide family-to-family support, family advocates and assistance with individual service plan process and to encourage participation in Connecticut Community KidCare planning.

Sec. 17a-22e. Reports re implementation of Connecticut Community KidCare to General Assembly.

Sec. 17a-22f. Behavioral health services. Contract with administrative services organizations. Clinical management. Policies, procedures and regulations.

Sec. 17a-22g. Connecticut Community KidCare. Disclosure of case-specific information. Limitations.

Sec. 17a-22h. Behavioral Health Partnership. Development and implementation.

Sec. 17a-22i. Designation of directors for Behavioral Health Partnership. Memoranda of understanding re activities of administrative services organizations.

Sec. 17a-22j. Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council. Members. Duties.

Sec. 17a-22k. Behavioral Health Partnership clinical management committee. Established. Members.

Sec. 17a-22l. Consumer and provider appeal procedures.

Sec. 17a-22m. Annual evaluation of Behavioral Health Partnership. Report to General Assembly.

Sec. 17a-22n. Monitoring implementation of the Behavioral Health Partnership. Annual report to General Assembly.

Sec. 17a-22o. Behavioral Health Partnership rate setting. Review by Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council.

Sec. 17a-22p. Use of administrative services organizations for Behavioral Health Partnership. Services to be provided. Coordination of benefits.

Sec. 17a-22q. Certification of providers of behavioral health Medicaid Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment Services and rehabilitation services for HUSKY Plan Part A.

Secs. 17a-22r to 17a-22z. Reserved

Sec. 17a-22aa. Availability of flexible emergency funding for children with psychiatric disabilities.

Sec. 17a-23. (Formerly Sec. 17-427). High Meadows. Function; age limits.

Sec. 17a-24. (Formerly Sec. 17-428). Regulation of motor vehicles and roadways by superintendents of institutions.

Sec. 17a-25. (Formerly Sec. 17-429). Superintendents and directors of facilities. Qualifications, responsibilities and duties.

Sec. 17a-26. (Formerly Sec. 17-430). Use of federal funds available for services to children.

Sec. 17a-27. (Formerly Sec. 17-372). Investment and use of the Connecticut Juvenile Training School donation fund.

Sec. 17a-27a. Long Lane School Advisory Board established. Composition. Report.

Sec. 17a-27b. Connecticut Juvenile Training School project: Exemption from statutory provisions.

Sec. 17a-27c. Connecticut Juvenile Training School project: Transfer of property; entry upon private property; payment of damages.

Sec. 17a-27d. Connecticut Juvenile Training School project: Architectural services and design contract.

Sec. 17a-27e. Connecticut Juvenile Training School. Standards.

Sec. 17a-27f. Connecticut Juvenile Training School. Public safety committee. Security and alert system.

Sec. 17a-28. (Formerly Sec. 17-431). Definitions. Confidentiality and access to records; exceptions. Procedure for aggrieved persons.

Sec. 17a-29. (Formerly Sec. 17-433). Committal or transfer of persons under age of eighteen prohibited; exception.

Sec. 17a-30. (Formerly Sec. 17-434). Regional advisory councils. Appointments and terms.

Sec. 17a-31. (Formerly Sec. 17-435). Transfer of administration and control of certain institutions, facilities and personal property to Commissioner of Children and Families. Transfer of certain funds.

Sec. 17a-32. (Formerly Sec. 17-435a). Names of children’s facilities designated.

Sec. 17a-32a. Children’s facilities’ annual report to State Advisory Council on Children and Families and advisory groups.

Sec. 17a-33. (Formerly Sec. 17-435c). Undercliff Mental Health Center buildings and facilities under the control of the Department of Developmental Services.

Secs. 17a-34 and 17a-35. (Formerly Secs. 17-435e and 17-435f). Transfer of Bryan Building at Norwich Hospital to Department of Public Works. Transfer of Ray Building at Norwich Hospital to Department of Mental Health.

Sec. 17a-36. (Formerly Sec. 17-439). Financial liability for services.

Sec. 17a-37. (Formerly Sec. 17-441). Establishment of school district in the Department of Children and Families. Unified School District #2.

Sec. 17a-38. (Formerly Sec. 17-441a). Home-based treatment programs.

Secs. 17a-39 to 17a-41. Transferred

Sec. 17a-42. (Formerly Sec. 17-444). Photo-listing service established.

Sec. 17a-43. (Formerly Sec. 17-444a). Registration with photo-listing service.

Sec. 17a-44. (Formerly Sec. 17-444b). Status of photo-listed children. Referral to national adoption exchanges.

Sec. 17a-45. (Formerly Sec. 17-444c). Referral to photo-listing service.

Sec. 17a-46. (Formerly Sec. 17-444d). Deferral of photo-listing a child.

Sec. 17a-47. (Formerly Sec. 17-445). Legal division re child abuse and neglect.

Sec. 17a-48. (Formerly Sec. 17-445a). Commissioner to take custody of child who is victim of employment in obscene performance.

Sec. 17a-49. (Formerly Sec. 17-446). Grants for programs to treat and prevent child abuse and neglect and programs for juvenile criminal diversion.

Sec. 17a-50. Transferred

Sec. 17a-50a. Transferred

Sec. 17a-51. (Formerly Sec. 17-447). Plan for the reduction of the number of children receiving foster care assistance.

Sec. 17a-52. Youth Suicide Advisory Board established. Composition.

Sec. 17a-53. Training manual for youth suicide prevention programs.

Sec. 17a-54. Parent education and support centers.

Sec. 17a-54a. Support for families with children with serious, chronic medical conditions.

Sec. 17a-55. Awarding of grants to community service programs based upon effectiveness.

Sec. 17a-56. Transferred

Sec. 17a-56a. Transferred

Sec. 17a-57. Designation of emergency room nursing staff to take physical custody of infant voluntarily surrendered.

Sec. 17a-58. Physical custody of infant upon voluntary surrender by parent or agent. Mother’s surrender of custody of infant in hospital. Medical history. Identification bracelet.

Sec. 17a-59. Notification of custody. Assumption of care and control by commissioner.

Sec. 17a-60. Reunification of parent with infant. Confidentiality of information provided designated employee.

Sec. 17a-61. Public information program.

Sec. 17a-61a. Accreditation of Department of Children and Families by Council on Accreditation.

Sec. 17a-62. Commissioner of Children and Families to monitor certain at-risk children and youth. Annual report to General Assembly.

Sec. 17a-62a. Homeless youth program.

Sec. 17a-62b. Services for homeless children and youth.

Sec. 17a-63. Internal departmental and administrative case reviews. Results. Department-wide deficiencies. Annual report to General Assembly.

Sec. 17a-63a. Private service provider. Contract with Department of Children and Families. Measurable outcomes. Annual report to General Assembly.

Secs. 17a-64 to 17a-74. Reserved

Sec. 17a-75. (Formerly Sec. 17-205b). Definitions.

Sec. 17a-76. (Formerly Sec. 17-205c). Application for commitment of mentally ill child. Jurisdiction. Transfer to Superior Court, when. Appointment of counsel. Three-judge court, members, powers.

Sec. 17a-77. (Formerly Sec. 17-205d). Hearing. Notice to child, parents, guardian. Availability of records. Physicians, appointment; certificate; report. Right of child to be at hearing. Order for commitment. Transfer to other institutions. Recommitment.

Sec. 17a-78. (Formerly Sec. 17-205e). Hospitalization of child for diagnosis or treatment of mental disorder. Examination. Discharge. Rights to be explained. Hearing. Duties of hospital. Order for continued hospitalization. Immediate discharge. Issuance of emergency certificate.

Sec. 17a-79. (Formerly Sec. 17-205f). Hospitalization of child for diagnosis or treatment of mental disorder.

Sec. 17a-80. (Formerly Sec. 17-205g). Right of review of status as voluntary patient. Hearing. Child’s right to be at hearing. Duties of hospital.

Sec. 17a-81. (Formerly Sec. 17-205h). Parental consent necessary for treatment. Exceptions.

Sec. 17a-82. (Formerly Sec. 17-205i). Payment of commitment and transportation expenses.

Sec. 17a-83. (Formerly Sec. 17-205j). Penalty for conspiring to commit any child to a hospital for mental illness.

Secs. 17a-84 to 17a-89. Reserved


PART I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 17a-1. (Formerly Sec. 17-410). Definitions. As used in sections 17a-1 to 17a-26, inclusive, 17a-28 to 17a-49, inclusive, 17a-127 and 46b-120, unless otherwise provided in said sections:

(1) “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Children and Families;

(2) “Council” means the State Advisory Council on Children and Families;

(3) “Advisory committee” means the Children’s Behavioral Health Advisory Committee;

(4) “Department” means the Department of Children and Families;

(5) “Child” means a child, as defined in section 46b-120;

(6) “Youth” means a youth, as defined in section 46b-120;

(7) “Delinquent child” means a child convicted of a delinquent act, as defined in section 46b-120;

(8) “Child or youth with behavioral health needs” means a child or youth who is suffering from one or more mental disorders as defined in the most recent edition of the American Psychiatric Association’s “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders”;

(9) “Individual service plan” means a written plan to access specialized, coordinated and integrated care for a child or youth with complex behavioral health service needs that is designed to meet the needs of the child or youth and his or her family and may include, when appropriate (A) an assessment of the individual needs of the child or youth, (B) an identification of service needs, (C) an identification of services that are currently being provided, (D) an identification of opportunities for full participation by parents or emancipated minors, (E) a reintegration plan when an out-of-home placement is made or recommended, (F) an identification of criteria for evaluating the effectiveness and appropriateness of such plan, and (G) coordination of the individual service plan with any educational services provided to the child or youth. The plan shall be subject to review at least every six months or upon reasonable request by the parent based on a changed circumstance, and be approved, in writing, by the parents, guardian of a child or youth and emancipated minors;

(10) “Family” means a child or youth with behavioral health needs and (A) one or more biological or adoptive parents, except for a parent whose parental rights have been terminated, (B) one or more persons to whom legal custody or guardianship has been given, or (C) one or more adults who have a primary responsibility for providing continuous care to such child or youth;

(11) “Parent” means a biological or adoptive parent, except a parent whose parental rights have been terminated;

(12) “Guardian” means a person who has a judicially created relationship between a child or youth and such person that is intended to be permanent and self-sustaining as evidenced by the transfer to such person of the following parental rights with respect to the child or youth: (A) The obligation of care and control; (B) the authority to make major decisions affecting the child’s or youth’s welfare, including, but not limited to, consent determinations regarding marriage, enlistment in the armed forces and major medical, psychiatric or surgical treatment; (C) the obligation of protection of the child or youth; (D) the obligation to provide access to education; and (E) custody of the child or youth;

(13) “Serious emotional disturbance” and “seriously emotionally disturbed” means, with regard to a child or youth, that the child or youth (A) has a range of diagnosable mental, behavioral or emotional disorders of sufficient duration to meet diagnostic criteria specified in the most recent edition of the American Psychiatric Association’s “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders”, and (B) exhibits behaviors that substantially interfere with or limit the child’s or youth’s ability to function in the family, school or community and are not a temporary response to a stressful situation;

(14) “Child or youth with complex behavioral health service needs” means a child or youth with behavioral health needs who needs specialized, coordinated behavioral health services;

(15) “Transition services” means services in the areas of education, employment, housing and community living designed to assist a youth with a serious emotional disturbance who is transitioning into adulthood; and

(16) “Community collaborative” means a local consortium of public and private health care providers, parents and guardians of children with behavioral health needs and service and education agencies that have organized to develop coordinated comprehensive community resources for children or youths with complex behavioral health service needs and their families in accordance with principles and goals of Connecticut Community KidCare.

(1969, P.A. 664, S. 3; 1971, P.A. 818, S. 1; 1972, P.A. 127, S. 32; P.A. 75-524, S. 1, 30; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 97-272, S. 1; P.A. 98-241, S. 1, 18; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-2, S. 6, 53; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2, S. 42, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 129, 131; P.A. 02-109, S. 3; P.A. 06-196, S. 100, 101; P.A. 11-157, S. 3; P.A. 12-82, S. 1.)

History: 1971 act redefined “child” and “youth”; 1972 act again redefined “youth” to reflect changed age of majority; P.A. 75-524 specified “council” to be state advisory council; Sec. 17-410 transferred to Sec. 17a-1 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services and council on children and families for council on children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993 (Revisor’s note: Reference in opening sentence to section “17a-51” was deleted editorially by the Revisors to reflect the repeal of that section by P.A. 93-216, S. 8); P.A. 97-272 replaced alphabetic Subdiv. indicators with numeric indicators and added definitions of “child or youth with mental illness”, “child or youth with emotional disturbance”, “individual system of care plan”, “family”, “child or youth at placement risk” and “parent”; P.A. 98-241 added Subdiv. (13) defining “guardian”, effective July 1, 1998; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-2 added Subdiv. (14) defining “serious emotional disturbance” and “seriously emotionally disturbed”, and amended Subdivs. (9), (10) and (11) to add “seriously emotionally disturbed” in reference to a child or youth, effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 made substantial revisions to section, adding definitions of “advisory committee”, “child or youth with complex behavioral health service needs”, “transition services” and “community collaborative”, deleting definitions of “child or youth with emotional disturbance” and “child or youth at placement risk”, redefining “youth”, “individual service plan” and “family”, inserting in definition of “guardian” references to youth, deleting in definition of “parent” word “biological”, substituting in definition of “child or youth with mental illness” “behavioral health needs” for “mental illness”, defining “individual service plan” in lieu of “individual system of care plan”, making technical changes and renumbering Subdivs. accordingly, effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 revised effective date of June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 but without affecting this section; P.A. 02-109 specified that the definitions apply “unless otherwise provided in said sections” and made technical changes in Subdivs. (9), (10) and (12), effective June 7, 2002; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subdivs. (9)(E) and (16), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 11-157 redefined “child” and “youth” in Subdivs. (5) and (6) to reference corresponding definitions in Sec. 46b-120, and redefined “delinquent child” in Subdiv. (7) to mean a child convicted of a delinquent act, as defined in Sec. 46b-120; P.A. 12-82 redefined “advisory committee” in Subdiv. (3).

Annotation to former section 17-410:

Cited. 158 C. 439.

Annotations to present section:

Cited. 237 C. 272; 238 C. 146; Id., 183. If parental rights terminated, parent can still file habeas petition for child. 255 C. 208.

Cited. 25 CA 586; judgment reversed, see 223 C. 492.

Sec. 17a-2. (Formerly Sec. 17-411). Composition of department. Name change. (a) There shall be a Department of Children and Families which shall be a single budgeted agency consisting of the institutions, facilities and programs existing within the department, any programs and facilities transferred to the department, and such other institutions, facilities and programs as may hereafter be established by or transferred to the department by the General Assembly.

(b) Said department shall constitute a successor department to the Department of Children and Youth Services, for the purposes of sections 4-5, 4-38c, 4-60i, 4-77a, 4-165b, 4a-11b, 4a-12, 4a-16, 5-259, 7-127c, 8-206d, 10-8a, 10-15d, 10-76d, 10-76h, 10-76i, 10-76w, 10-76g, 10-94g, 10-253, 17-86a, 17-294, 17-409, 17-437, 17-572, 17-578, 17-579, 17-585, 17a-1 to 17a-89, inclusive, 17a-90 to 17a-209, inclusive, 17a-218, 17a-277, 17a-450, 17a-458, 17a-474, 17a-560, 17a-511, 17a-634, 17a-646, 17a-659, 18-69, 18-69a, 18-87, 19a-78, 19a-216, 20-14i, 20-14j, 31-23, 31-306a, 38a-514, 45a-591 to 45a-705, inclusive, 45a-706 to 45a-770, inclusive, 46a-28, 46a-126, 46b-15 to 46b-19, inclusive, 46b-120 to 46b-159, inclusive, 54-56d, 54-142k, 54-199, 54-203 and in accordance with the provisions of sections 4-38d and 4-39.

(c) Whenever the words “Commissioner of Children and Youth Services”, “Department of Children and Youth Services”, or “Council on Children and Youth Services” are used in sections 4-5, 4-38c, 4-60i, 4-77a, 4-165b, 4a-11b, 4a-12, 4a-16, 5-259, 7-127c, 8-206d, 10-8a, 10-15d, 10-76d, 10-76h, 10-76i, 10-76w, 10-94g, 10-253, 17-86a, 17-294, 17-409, 17-437, 17-572, 17-578, 17-579, 17-585, 17a-1 to 17a-89, inclusive, 17a-90 to 17a-209, inclusive, 17a-218, 17a-277, 17a-450, 17a-458, 17a-474, 17a-511, 17a-634, 17a-646, 17a-659, 18-69, 18-69a, 18-87, 19a-78, 19a-216, 20-14i, 20-14j, 31-23, 31-306a, 38a-514, 45a-591 to 45a-705, inclusive, 45a-706 to 45a-770, inclusive, 46a-28, 46a-126, 46b-15 to 46b-19, inclusive, 46b-120 to 46b-159, inclusive, 54-56d, 54-142k, 54-199, 54-203, the words “Commissioner of Children and Families”, “Department of Children and Families”, and “Council on Children and Families” shall be substituted respectively in lieu thereof.

(1969, P.A. 664, S. 1; P.A. 75-524, S. 2, 30; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 07-148, S. 2; P.A. 11-242, S. 35; P.A. 12-143, S. 5.)

History: P.A. 75-524 replaced provision that department consists of Long Lane School, Connecticut School for Boys and other institutions, facilities, divisions, etc. “as the department shall hereafter establish” with provisions that institutions, etc. existing in, transferred to or established by department are within its jurisdiction; Sec. 17-411 transferred to Sec. 17a-2 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 changed the name of the department of, and council on, children and youth services to the department of, and council on, children and families, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 07-148 made a technical change in Subsec. (a) and deleted references to repealed Sec. 17a-463 in Subsecs. (b) and (c); P.A. 11-242 deleted reference to repealed Sec. 19a-125 in Subsecs. (b) and (c); P.A. 12-143 amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to delete references to Sec. 2c-2b, effective July 1, 2012.

Subsec. (b):

Cited. 238 C. 183.

Sec. 17a-3. (Formerly Sec. 17-412). Powers and duties of department. Comprehensive strategic plan. (a) The department shall plan, create, develop, operate or arrange for, administer and evaluate a comprehensive and integrated state-wide program of services, including preventive services, for children and youths whose behavior does not conform to the law or to acceptable community standards, or who are mentally ill, including deaf and hearing impaired children and youths who are mentally ill, emotionally disturbed, substance abusers, delinquent, abused, neglected or uncared for, including all children and youths who are or may be committed to it by any court, and all children and youths voluntarily admitted to, or remaining voluntarily under the supervision of, the commissioner for services of any kind. Services shall not be denied to any such child or youth solely because of other complicating or multiple disabilities. The department shall work in cooperation with other child-serving agencies and organizations to provide or arrange for preventive programs, including, but not limited to, teenage pregnancy and youth suicide prevention, for children and youths and their families. The program shall provide services and placements that are clinically indicated and appropriate to the needs of the child or youth, except that such services and placements shall not commence or continue for a delinquent child who has attained the age of twenty. In furtherance of this purpose, the department shall: (1) Maintain the Connecticut Juvenile Training School and other appropriate facilities exclusively for delinquents; (2) develop a comprehensive program for prevention of problems of children and youths and provide a flexible, innovative and effective program for the placement, care and treatment of children and youths committed by any court to the department, transferred to the department by other departments, or voluntarily admitted to the department; (3) provide appropriate services to families of children and youths as needed to achieve the purposes of sections 17a-1 to 17a-26, inclusive, 17a-28 to 17a-49, inclusive, and 17a-51; (4) establish incentive paid work programs for children and youths under the care of the department and the rates to be paid such children and youths for work done in such programs and may provide allowances to children and youths in the custody of the department; (5) be responsible to collect, interpret and publish statistics relating to children and youths within the department; (6) conduct studies of any program, service or facility developed, operated, contracted for or supported by the department in order to evaluate its effectiveness; (7) establish staff development and other training and educational programs designed to improve the quality of departmental services and programs, which shall include, but not be limited to, training in the prevention, identification and effects of family violence, provided no social worker trainee shall be assigned a case load prior to completing training, and may establish educational or training programs for children, youths, parents or other interested persons on any matter related to the promotion of the well-being of children, or the prevention of mental illness, emotional disturbance, delinquency and other disabilities in children and youths; (8) develop and implement aftercare and follow-up services appropriate to the needs of any child or youth under the care of the department; (9) establish a case audit unit to monitor each regional office’s compliance with regulations and procedures; (10) develop and maintain a database listing available community service programs funded by the department; (11) provide outreach and assistance to persons caring for children whose parents are unable to do so by informing such persons of programs and benefits for which they may be eligible; and (12) collect data sufficient to identify the housing needs of children served by the department and share such data with the Department of Economic and Community Development.

(b) (1) The department, with the assistance of the State Advisory Council on Children and Families, and in consultation with representatives of the children and families served by the department, providers of services to children and families, advocates, and others interested in the well-being of children and families in this state, shall develop and regularly update a single, comprehensive strategic plan for meeting the needs of children and families served by the department. In developing and updating the strategic plan, the department shall identify and define agency goals and indicators of progress, including benchmarks, in achieving such goals. The strategic plan shall include, but not be limited to: (A) The department’s mission statement; (B) the expected results for the department and each of its mandated areas of responsibility; (C) a schedule of action steps and a time frame for achieving such results and fulfilling the department’s mission that includes strategies for working with other state agencies to leverage resources and coordinate service delivery; (D) priorities for services and estimates of the funding and other resources necessary to carry them out; (E) standards for programs and services that are based on research-based best practices, when available; and (F) relevant measures of performance.

(2) The department shall begin the strategic planning process on July 1, 2009. The department shall hold regional meetings on the plan to ensure public input and shall post the plan and the plan’s updates and progress reports on the department’s web site. The department shall submit the strategic plan to the State Advisory Council on Children and Families for review and comment prior to its final submission to the General Assembly and the Governor. On or before July 1, 2010, the department shall submit the strategic plan, in accordance with section 11-4a, to the General Assembly and the Governor.

(3) The commissioner shall track and report on progress in achieving the strategic plan’s goals not later than October 1, 2010, and quarterly thereafter, to said State Advisory Council. The commissioner shall submit a status report on progress in achieving the results in the strategic plan, in accordance with section 11-4a, not later than July 1, 2011, and annually thereafter to the General Assembly and the Governor.

(1969, P.A. 664, S. 2; P.A. 75-524, S. 3, 30; P.A. 79-165; P.A. 86-15; P.A. 89-191, S. 2; P.A. 91-268, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-8, S. 55; P.A. 94-232, S. 1; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; 95-257, S. 5, 58; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; 96-238, S. 15, 25; P.A. 97-272, S. 6; P.A. 99-26, S. 11, 17, 39; P.A. 05-246, S. 1; P.A. 06-102, S. 3; 06-196, S. 102; P.A. 09-205, S. 1; P.A. 11-105, S. 5; 11-120, S. 2; 11-152, S. 18; 11-156, S. 2; 11-157, S. 4.)

History: P.A. 75-524 essentially rewrote section, clarifying and extending department’s responsibilities; P.A. 79-165 added Subdiv. (i) re master plan; P.A. 86-15 required biennial, rather than annual, submission of master plan; P.A. 89-191 added youth suicide prevention as part of the prevention programs the department is required to provide or arrange for; Sec. 17-412 transferred to Sec. 17a-3 in 1991; P.A. 91-268 added provision in Subdiv. (g) prohibiting a social worker trainee from working on assigned cases until the completion of training, added new Subdivs. (i) establishing a case audit unit, and (j) requiring the development of a list of community service programs, and relettered the remaining Subdiv. accordingly; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-8 added new Subdivs. (k) re providing outreach and assistance regarding various programs and benefits to persons caring for the children of others, and (l) re collecting housing data to identify and provide housing assistance to children in need and relettered the previous Subdiv. (Revisor’s note: The reference in Subdiv. (c) to Sec. 17a-51 was deleted editorially by the Revisors to reflect the repeal of that section by P.A. 93-216, S. 8); P.A. 94-232 added teenage pregnancy to requirement for preventive programs and added new Subdiv. (8) to require a comprehensive plan for substance abusers; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-238 added reference to deaf and hearing impaired children and youth who are mentally ill and added children with complicating or multiple disabilities to Subdiv. (7), effective July 1, 1996 (Revisor’s note: In Subdiv. (d) the Revisor’s editorially replaced a comma with the word “and” before the words “the rates” in the phrase “... under the care of the department and the rates to be paid such ...”); P.A. 97-272 added provision requiring that programs provide services and placements that are clinically indicated and appropriate; P.A. 99-26 added Subsec. (n) to require the department to prepare a plan to keep delinquent children placed in the new Connecticut Juvenile Training School in such facility for at least one year, effective May 7, 1999, and amended Subsec. (a) to replace “Long Lane School” with “the Connecticut Juvenile Training School” and amended Subsec. (n) to delete “new” before “Connecticut Juvenile Training School”, effective upon the filing with the Governor and the General Assembly of written certification by the Commissioner of Children and Families that the new Connecticut Juvenile Training School is operational (Revisor’s note: Said written certification was filed with the Senate and House Clerks on September 20, 2001, and with the Governor on September 21, 2001); P.A. 05-246 divided section into new Subsecs. (a), (b) and (c), made technical changes throughout and changed “region’s compliance” to “area office’s compliance” in Subsec. (a)(9); P.A. 06-102 amended Subsec. (a) to add “or remaining voluntarily under the supervision of” and substituted “commissioner” for “department”, effective June 2, 2006; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b)(8), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 09-205 replaced former Subsec. (b) with new Subsec. (b) re development of comprehensive strategic plan for meeting the needs of children and families, regional meetings on plan, submission of plan to State Advisory Council on Children and Families, General Assembly and Governor and submission of annual progress report re achieving plan’s goals to General Assembly and Governor, effective July 1, 2009; P.A. 11-105 amended Subsec. (a)(9) by replacing “area” with “regional”, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-120 deleted former Subsec. (c) re plan for children placed in Connecticut Juvenile Training School, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-152 amended Subsec. (a)(7) to require training in prevention, identification and effects of family violence, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-156 made identical changes as P.A. 11-120; P.A. 11-157 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that services and placements shall not commence or continue for delinquent child who has attained age 20, and deleted former Subsec. (c) re plan for children placed in Connecticut Juvenile Training School.

See Sec. 17a-453c re “Project Safe” interagency collaboration.

Annotation to former section 17-412:

Cited. 171 C. 644.

Annotations to present section:

Cited. 41 CA 565.

Cited. 44 CS 551.

Sec. 17a-3a. Connecticut Juvenile Training School. Department duties. The Department of Children and Families shall ensure that the Connecticut Juvenile Training School:

(1) Completes health, mental health and educational assessments for each child admitted to the school not later than thirty days from the date of such child’s admission;

(2) Completes a written individualized treatment plan for each child admitted to the school not later than thirty days from the date of such child’s admission;

(3) Complies with the provisions of sections 46a-150 to 46a-154, inclusive, regarding the use of physical restraints, medication and seclusion of children at the school;

(4) Provides training to all staff at the school regarding their mandatory child abuse and neglect reporting obligations under section 17a-101;

(5) Provides the opportunity for each child at the school to engage in at least one hour of physical exercise per day on weekdays and at least two hours of physical exercise per day on the weekends.

(P.A. 03-251, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 03-251 effective July 1, 2003.

Sec. 17a-4. (Formerly Sec. 17-413). State Advisory Council on Children and Families. Appointment. Powers and duties. (a) There shall be a State Advisory Council on Children and Families which shall consist of nineteen members as follows: (1) Thirteen members appointed by the Governor, including at least two persons who are child care professionals, two persons eighteen to twenty-five years of age, inclusive, served by the Department of Children and Families, one child psychiatrist licensed to practice medicine in this state and at least one attorney who has expertise in legal issues related to children and youth and seven persons who shall be representative of young persons, parents and others interested in the delivery of services to children and youths, including child protection, behavioral health, juvenile justice and prevention services, at least four of whom shall be parents, foster parents or family members of children who have received, or are receiving, behavioral health services, child welfare services or juvenile services; and (2) six members representing the regional advisory councils established pursuant to section 17a-30, appointed one each by the members of each council. On and after October 1, 2014, no more than half the members of the council shall be persons who receive income from a private practice or any public or private agency that delivers mental health, substance abuse, child abuse prevention and treatment, child welfare services or juvenile services. Members of the council shall serve without compensation, except for necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties. The Department of Children and Families shall provide the council with funding to facilitate the participation of those members representing families and youth, as well as for other administrative support services. Members shall serve on the council for terms of two years each and no member shall serve for more than three consecutive terms. The commissioner shall be an ex-officio member of the council without vote and shall attend its meetings. Any member who fails to attend three consecutive meetings or fifty per cent of all meetings during any calendar year shall be deemed to have resigned. The council shall elect a chairperson and vice-chairperson to act in the chairperson’s absence.

(b) The council shall meet quarterly, and more often upon the call of the chair or a majority of the members. The council’s meetings shall be held at locations that facilitate participation by members of the public, and its agenda and minutes shall be posted on the department’s web site. A majority of the members in office, but not less than six members, shall constitute a quorum. The council shall have complete access to all records of the institutions and facilities of the department in furtherance of its duties, while at all times protecting the right of privacy of all individuals involved, as provided in section 17a-28.

(c) The duties of the council shall be to: (1) Recommend to the commissioner programs, legislation or other matters which will improve services for children and youths, including behavioral health services; (2) annually review and advise the commissioner regarding the proposed budget; (3) interpret to the community at large the policies, duties and programs of the department; (4) issue any reports it deems necessary to the Governor and the Commissioner of Children and Families; (5) assist in the development of and review and comment on the strategic plan developed by the department pursuant to subsection (b) of section 17a-3; (6) receive on a quarterly basis from the commissioner a status report on the department’s progress in carrying out the strategic plan; (7) independently monitor the department’s progress in achieving its goals as expressed in the strategic plan; and (8) offer assistance and provide an outside perspective to the department so that it may be able to achieve the goals expressed in the strategic plan.

(1969, P.A. 664, S. 4; 1971, P.A. 818, S. 2; P.A. 74-150, S. 2; P.A. 75-524, S. 4, 30; P.A. 79-45; P.A. 84-256, S. 12, 17; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 00-188, S. 1, 5; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2, S. 50, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 129, 131; P.A. 03-19, S. 29; P.A. 06-196, S. 103; P.A. 09-205, S. 5; P.A. 11-120, S. 1; P.A. 12-82, S. 2.)

History: 1971 act established council as advisory body, increased membership from 11 to 14 by adding three youth members as provided in act, required that meeting be called at request of 5, rather than 3 members, and deleted provisions re required appearances and production of documents, re development of department policy and re board of review as no longer conforming with advisory status; P.A. 74-150 deleted requirement that at least one woman member be appointed; P.A. 75-524 increased membership to 15 and required 5 to be child-care professionals, one to be attorney with remainder representative of young people, parents and other interested parties, specified that psychiatrist member be “child” psychiatrist, changed schedule of appointments, removed all agency heads, except commissioner of children and youth services, from ex-officio membership, limited terms, required monthly rather than quarterly meetings, allowed council access to records and expanded council’s duties in new Subsec. (c); P.A. 79-45 changed age of youth members from between 18 and 25 to between 15 and 22; P.A. 84-256 added attendance and quorum requirements for members and eliminated requirement of annual report to governor, required that meetings be held quarterly rather than monthly and deleted obsolete appointment provisions; Sec. 17-413 transferred to Sec. 17a-4 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families and council on children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services and council on children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 00-188 amended Subsec. (a) to delete requirement that at least 3 members between 15 and 22 years of age be appointed and to make technical changes, effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 amended Subsec. (a) to increase, from 15 to 17, the number of members, to require that no less than 50% of the members be parents or family members of children who have received or are receiving behavioral health, child welfare services or juvenile services and that no more than half the members be persons who receive income from a private practice or any public or private agency that delivers mental health, substance abuse, child abuse prevention and treatment, child welfare services or juvenile services, and to require that members serve on the council for terms of 2 years each, and amended Subsec. (c) to make technical changes, effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 revised effective date of June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 but without affecting this section; P.A. 03-19 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective May 12, 2003; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsecs. (a) and (c), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 09-205 amended Subsec. (a) by adding 2 persons served by Department of Children and Families to advisory council, requiring attorney member to have expertise in legal issues related to children and youth, specifying type of services in which the balance of council shall be interested, and requiring department to provide funding to facilitate participation of members representing families and youth and for administrative support services, amended Subsec. (b) by requiring meetings to be held at locations facilitating participation by public and posting of its agenda and minutes on department’s web site, and amended Subsec. (c) by requiring advisory council to recommend improvement of behavioral health services and inserting Subdivs. (5) to (8) re additional duties, effective July 1, 2009; P.A. 11-120 amended Subsec. (a) by increasing number of members from 17 to 19 and adding foster parents to group of members that must make up at least 50% of council’s membership; P.A. 12-82 amended Subsec. (a) by redesignating existing provision re gubernatorial appointments as Subdiv. (1) and amending same by reducing gubernatorial appointments from 19 to 13, reducing number of child care professional members from 5 to 2, substituting 7 persons for “the balance of the advisory council” re number of appointed members interested in delivery of services to children and youth and substituting “at least four of whom” for “no less than fifty per cent” re members being parents, foster parents or family members of children receiving certain services, adding Subdiv. (2) re 6 council appointments to be made by members of regional advisory councils, adding provision re on and after October 1, 2014, no more than half of council membership may be persons receiving income through delivery of certain services and increasing number of permitted consecutive terms from 2 to 3.

Sec. 17a-4a. Children’s Behavioral Health Advisory Committee. Membership. Reports. (a) There is established a Children’s Behavioral Health Advisory Committee which shall promote and enhance the provision of behavioral health services for all children in this state.

(b) The Children’s Behavioral Health Advisory Committee shall be composed of the following ex-officio voting members: (1) The Commissioner of Children and Families or the commissioner’s designee; (2) the Commissioner of Social Services or the commissioner’s designee; (3) the executive director of the Children’s Health Council or said director’s designee; (4) the Chief Court Administrator or said administrator’s designee; (5) the Commissioner of Education or the commissioner’s designee; (6) the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services or the commissioner’s designee; (7) the Commissioner of Developmental Services or the commissioner’s designee; (8) the executive director of the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities or the director’s designee; and the following public members: (A) Two members appointed by the Governor, one of whom shall be a parent of a child who receives behavioral health services and one of whom shall be a provider of behavioral health services; (B) six members, one of whom shall be appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate, one of whom shall be appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives, one of whom shall be appointed by the majority leader of the Senate, one of whom shall be appointed by the majority leader of the House of Representatives, one of whom shall be appointed by the minority leader of the Senate and one of whom shall be appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives, and all of whom shall be knowledgeable on issues relative to children in need of behavioral health services and family supports; and (C) sixteen members appointed by the Commissioner of Children and Families. The membership of the advisory committee shall fairly and adequately represent parents of children who have a serious emotional disturbance. At least fifty-one per cent of the members of the advisory committee shall be persons who are parents or relatives of a child who has or had a serious emotional disturbance or persons who had a serious emotional disturbance as children and no more than half the members of the committee shall be persons who receive income from a private practice or any public or private agency that delivers behavioral health services.

(c) All appointments to the advisory committee shall be made no later than sixty days after July 1, 2000. Any vacancy shall be filled by the appointing authority. Members shall serve two-year terms and no public member shall serve for more than two consecutive terms.

(d) The advisory committee shall elect two cochairpersons from among its members, one of whom shall be the parent of a child with a serious emotional disturbance. The advisory committee shall meet at least bimonthly. Members of the advisory committee shall serve without compensation, except for necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties.

(e) Not later than October first of each year, the advisory committee shall submit a status report on local systems of care and practice standards for state-funded behavioral health programs to the Commissioner of Children and Families and the State Advisory Council on Children and Families.

(f) Not later than October first of each odd-numbered year, the advisory committee shall submit recommendations concerning the provision of behavioral health services for all children in the state to the Commissioner of Children and Families and the State Advisory Council on Children and Families. The recommendations shall address, but shall not be limited to, the following: (1) The target population for children with behavioral health needs, and assessment and benefit options for children with such needs; (2) the appropriateness and quality of care for children with behavioral health needs; (3) the coordination of behavioral health services provided under the HUSKY Plan with services provided by other publicly-funded programs; (4) performance standards for preventive services, family supports and emergency service training programs; (5) assessments of community-based and residential care programs; (6) outcome measurements by reviewing provider practice; and (7) a medication protocol and standards for the monitoring of medication and after-care programs.

(P.A. 00-188, S. 2, 5; P.A. 01-19, S. 1, 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2, S. 51, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 93, 129, 131; P.A. 03-19, S. 30; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b); P.A. 12-82, S. 3.)

History: P.A. 00-188 effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-19, effective May 15, 2001, and June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, effective July 1, 2001, both amended Subsec. (b) to add executive director of the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities or designee as a committee member; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 amended Subsec. (b) to require that the seven state agency heads be ex-officio voting members, to require that all of the appointed members be public members, substituting Subparas. designators (A) to (C) for Subdivs. (8) to (10), to increase, from 50% to 51%, the number of advisory committee members who shall be parents or relatives of a child who has or had a serious emotional disturbance or persons who had a serious emotional disturbance as a child, and to require that no more than half the members be persons who receive income from a private practice or any public or private agency that delivers behavioral health services, amended Subsec. (c) to prohibit public members from serving for more than two consecutive terms, and amended Subsec. (d) to allow advisory committee members to receive necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties, effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 revised effective date of June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 but without affecting this section; P.A. 03-19 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective May 12, 2003; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 “Commissioner of Mental Retardation” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Developmental Services”, effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 12-82 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting “to the State Advisory Council on Children and Families”, amended Subsec. (b)(8)(C) by substituting “Commissioner of Children and Families” for “chairperson of the State Advisory Council on Children and Families” and amended Subsecs. (e) and (f) to add “the Commissioner of Children and Families” as a recipient of required status reports and recommendations.

Sec. 17a-5. (Formerly Sec. 17-414). Appointment of commissioner. In accordance with the provisions of sections 4-5 to 4-8, inclusive, the Governor shall, after consultation with the Council on Children and Families, appoint a Commissioner of Children and Families who shall be the administrative head of the department. He shall devote his full time to the duties of his office.

(1969, P.A. 664, S. 5; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2.)

History: Sec. 17-414 transferred to Sec. 17a-5 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families and council on children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services and council on children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993.

Sec. 17a-6. (Formerly Sec. 17-415). Powers and duties of commissioner. The commissioner, or the commissioner’s designee, shall:

(a) Establish or contract for the use of a variety of facilities and services for identification, evaluation, discipline, rehabilitation, aftercare, treatment and care of children and youths in need of the department’s services;

(b) Administer in a coordinated and integrated manner all institutions and facilities which are or may come under the jurisdiction of the department and shall appoint advisory groups for any such institution or facility;

(c) Encourage the development of programs and the establishment of facilities for children and youths by public or private agencies and groups;

(d) Enter into cooperative arrangements with public or private agencies outside the state;

(e) Insure that all children under the commissioner’s supervision have adequate food, clothing, shelter and adequate medical, dental, psychiatric, psychological, social, religious and other services;

(f) Provide, in the commissioner’s discretion, needed service to any municipality, agency, or person, whether or not such person is committed to the commissioner;

(g) Adopt and enforce regulations and establish rules for the internal operation and administration of the department in accordance with chapter 54;

(h) Undertake, contract for or otherwise stimulate research concerning children and youths;

(i) Subject to the provisions of chapter 67, appoint such professional, technical and other personnel as may be necessary for the efficient operation of the department;

(j) Coordinate the activities of the department with those of other state departments, municipalities and private agencies concerned with providing services for children and youths and their families;

(k) Act as administrator of the Interstate Compact for Juveniles under section 46b-151h;

(l) Provide or arrange for the provision of suitable education for every child under the commissioner’s supervision, either in public schools, special educational programs, private schools, educational programs within the institutions or facilities under the commissioner’s jurisdiction, or work and training programs otherwise provided by law. The suitability of educational programs provided by the commissioner shall be subject to review by the Department of Education;

(m) Submit to the state advisory council for its comment proposals for new policies or programs and the proposed budget for the department;

(n) Have any and all other powers and duties as are necessary to administer the department and implement the purposes of sections 17a-1 to 17a-26, inclusive, and 17a-28 to 17a-49, inclusive;

(o) Conduct and render a final decision in administrative hearings; and

(p) Provide programs for juvenile offenders that are gender specific in that they comprehensively address the unique needs of a targeted gender group.

(1969, P.A. 664, S. 6; 1971, P.A. 818, S. 3, 4; 1972, P.A. 107, S. 1; P.A. 73-49, S. 1, 3; P.A. 75-524, S. 5, 30; P.A. 93-54; P.A. 01-181, S. 1; P.A. 03-255, S. 2; P.A. 06-196, S. 104; P.A. 09-205, S. 2.)

History: 1971 act deleted references to consultation with council in Subsec. (b) and to policies formulated by council in Subsec. (e), reflecting council’s change to advisory status; 1972 act inserted new Subsec. (q) re vocational parole and redesignated former Subsec. (q) as Subsec. (r); P.A. 73-49 rephrased Subsec. (q) and stated that limitations on employment of those under sixteen do not apply; P.A. 75-524 replaced previous provisions and included commissioner’s designee; Sec. 17-415 transferred to Sec. 17a-6 in 1991; P.A. 93-54 added Subdiv. (o) authorizing commissioner to conduct administrative hearings and render final decisions (Revisor’s note: The reference in Subdiv. (n) to Sec. 17a-51 was deleted editorially by the Revisors to reflect the repeal of that section by P.A. 93-216, S. 8); P.A. 01-181 made technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality in introductory language and Subdivs. (e), (f) and (l) and added Subdiv. (p) re provision of programs for juvenile offenders that are gender specific, addressing needs of targeted gender group; P.A. 03-255 amended Subdiv. (k) to replace “Interstate Compact on Juveniles established by section 46b-151a, when so designated by the Governor in accordance with section 46b-151c” with “Interstate Compact for Juveniles under section 46b-151h”, effective July 1, 2004, or upon enactment of the Interstate Compact for Juveniles by thirty-five jurisdictions, whichever is later; Illinois became the thirty-fifth enacting jurisdiction on August 26, 2008; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes, effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 09-205 amended Subdiv. (b) by replacing “may” with “shall” re appointment of advisory groups, effective July 1, 2009.

See Sec. 17a-63 re reports to General Assembly concerning data from administrative case reviews.

See Secs. 20-14h to 20-14j, inclusive, re administration of medication in day and residential programs and facilities.

Annotations to former section 17-415:

Cited. 171 C. 644; Id., 652.

Sec. 17a-6a. Commissioner to require applicants to submit to state and national criminal history records checks. State child abuse registry checks for applicants. The Commissioner of Children and Families shall (1) require each applicant for a position with the department to state in writing whether such person has ever been convicted of a crime or whether criminal charges are pending against such person at the time such person submits an application, and (2) require each applicant to submit to state and national criminal history records checks, in accordance with section 29-17a. The commissioner shall also check the state child abuse registry established pursuant to section 17a-101k for the name of such applicant.

(P.A. 03-243, S. 6; P.A. 05-207, S. 5.)

History: P.A. 05-207 deleted requirement that commissioner check state child abuse registry for perpetrator information.

Sec. 17a-6b. Connecticut Juvenile Training School advisory group. Review. Recommendations. Report by commissioner. (a) The advisory group for the Connecticut Juvenile Training School, established pursuant to subsection (b) of section 17a-6, shall provide an on-going review of the Connecticut Juvenile Training School with recommendations for improvement or enhancement. The review shall include, but not be limited to:

(1) The number, age, ethnicity and race of the residents placed at the training school, including the court locations that sentenced them, the number sentenced from each court location and the offenses for which they were sentenced;

(2) The percentage of residents in need of substance abuse treatment and the programming interventions provided to assist residents;

(3) A review of the program and policies of the facility;

(4) The educational and literacy programs available to the residents, including the educational level of residents, the number of residents requiring special education and related services, including school attendance requirements, the number of residents who are educated in the alternative school and the reasons for such education;

(5) The vocational training programs available to the residents and the actual number of residents enrolled in each training program, including all vocational attendance requirements;

(6) The delinquency recidivism rates of such residents, which shall include the number of children discharged to residential placement, the number of children discharged due to expiration of the period of commitment and the number of children returned to the Connecticut Juvenile Training School;

(7) The diagnosis of each resident after intake assessment;

(8) The costs associated with the operation of the training school, including staffing costs and average cost per resident;

(9) Reintegration strategies and plans to transition the residents to their home communities; and

(10) A review of safety and security issues that affect the host municipality.

(b) The Department of Children and Families shall serve as administrative staff of the advisory group referred to in subsection (a) of this section.

(c) Not later than February 4, 2004, and annually thereafter, the Commissioner of Children and Families shall report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to the judiciary and human services and to the select committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to children with respect to the Connecticut Juvenile Training School.

(d) Each report required pursuant to subsection (c) of this section shall summarize the information and recommendations specified in subsection (a) of this section and shall also include such other information that the Department of Children and Families has identified as requiring immediate legislative action.

(P.A. 03-251, S. 2, 3; P.A. 04-257, S. 98, 99; P.A. 11-105, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 03-251 effective July 9, 2003; P.A. 04-257 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (d), effective June 14, 2004; P.A. 11-105 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting reference to public safety committee and adding new Subdiv. (10) re review of safety and security issues, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 17a-6c. Adjudicated youths in care and custody of department. Reports. (a) On or before June 1, 2004, and annually thereafter, the Department of Children and Families shall report, in accordance with section 11-4a, to the select committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to children and to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to criminal law and the Department of Children and Families on: (1) The number of adjudicated youths, by gender and age, in the care and custody of the department, (2) the facilities in which such youths are being housed, (3) the number, age and gender of such youths who have left department custody in an unauthorized manner, (4) the number of police reports filed with respect to such youths, and (5) the status of new construction or preparation of facilities to house adjudicated youths in the care and custody of the department.

(b) The report required by subsection (a) of this section shall be attached to the annual report required to be filed by the Commissioner of Children and Families pursuant to subsections (c) and (d) of section 17a-6b.

(P.A. 04-89, S. 1, 2; P.A. 06-196, S. 105.)

History: P.A. 04-89 effective May 10, 2004; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective June 7, 2006.

Sec. 17a-7. (Formerly Sec. 17-415a). Parole of delinquent child in commissioner’s custody. Except as otherwise limited by subsection (i) of section 46b-140 and subsection (a) of section 46b-141, the Commissioner of Children and Families or his designee may, when deemed in the best interests of a child committed to the custody of the commissioner as delinquent by the Superior Court, place such child on parole under such terms or conditions as the commissioner or his designee deem to be in the best interests of such child. When in the opinion of the commissioner or his designee it is no longer in the best interest of such child to remain on parole such child may be returned to any institution, resource or facility administered by or available to the Department of Children and Families.

(P.A. 74-268, S. 1, 3; P.A. 75-524, S. 11, 30; P.A. 78-280, S. 28, 127; P.A. 79-581, S. 8; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 78, 121.)

History: P.A. 75-524 replaced “person” with “child or youth”; P.A. 78-280 deleted references to youths and replaced juvenile court with superior court; P.A. 79-581 placed limitation on provisions re Secs. 51-321 and 51-322(a); Sec. 17-415a transferred to Sec. 17a-7 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 made a technical change, effective June 24, 1998.

Sec. 17a-7a. Standard leave and release policies for delinquent children committed to department. Regulations. (a) The Commissioner of Children and Families shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to establish standard leave and release policies for juvenile delinquents committed to the Department of Children and Families and assigned to state facilities and private residential programs. Such regulations shall provide that juvenile delinquents shall not be eligible for:

(1) Any leave without an initial sixty-day evaluation of fitness and security risk, including a trial leave not exceeding one day; or

(2) Any leave or release without (A) an evaluation of fitness and security risk, (B) the assignment of supervision and clear identification of custody of a parent, legal guardian or other responsible adult, (C) confidential notification of local police for a leave or release granted to a serious juvenile offender, and (D) a determination of eligibility immediately prior to granting the leave or release of a delinquent.

(b) The commissioner may waive the requirement for a sixty-day evaluation of fitness and security risk pursuant to subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of this section for a juvenile delinquent who is transferred from one facility to another if the juvenile delinquent has had a satisfactory sixty-day evaluation of fitness and security risk pursuant to said subdivision.

(P.A. 97-130; P.A. 11-156, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 11-156 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended same to insert Subdiv. designators and make conforming and technical changes, and added Subsec. (b) re waiver of sixty-day evaluation of fitness and security risk re transfer.

Sec. 17a-8. (Formerly Sec. 17-415b). Custody of children and youths committed to commissioner as delinquent. Term, escape, violation of parole, return to custody. Vocational parole. (a) All children and youths who are or have been committed to the custody of the Commissioner of Children and Families as delinquent shall remain in such custody until the earliest of the following: (1) The date such commitment expires as provided by order of the Superior Court, (2) the date such commitment terminates as provided by order of the Superior Court, or (3) the date the child or youth attains the age of twenty. Any child or youth who while placed in an institution administered by the Department of Children and Families escapes from such institution or any child or youth who violates the terms or conditions of parole may be returned to actual custody. The request of the Commissioner of Children and Families, or the commissioner’s designee, shall be sufficient warrant to authorize any officer of the Department of Children and Families or any officer authorized by law to serve criminal process within this state to return any such child or youth into actual custody; and any such officer, police officer or constable shall arrest and hold any such child or youth when so requested, without written warrant.

(b) If the commissioner finds that a child or youth committed to his custody as delinquent who is fourteen years of age or older cannot benefit from continued school attendance and if the commissioner further finds that such person may benefit from part or full-time employment at some useful occupation, the commissioner may place the child or youth on vocational parole, under the supervision of an employee of the department. For the purposes of this section, the limitations of subsection (a) of section 31-23, on the employment of minors under the age of sixteen years, shall not apply for the duration of such vocational parole.

(P.A. 74-268, S. 2, 3; P.A. 75-524, S. 12, 30; P.A. 76-436, S. 588, 681; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 00-99, S. 53, 154; P.A. 06-196, S. 106; P.A. 11-157, S. 5.)

History: P.A. 75-524 replaced “person(s)” with “child(ren) or youth” and added Subsec. (b) re vocational parole; P.A. 76-436 replaced juvenile court with superior court, effective July 1, 1978; Sec. 17-415b transferred to Sec. 17a-8 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 00-99 deleted reference to sheriff in Subsec. (a), effective December 1, 2000; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 11-157 amended Subsec. (a) to designate existing provisions re expiration and termination as Subdivs. (1) and (2), add Subdiv. (3) re age and provide that custody continues until earliest of the date of expiration or termination of commitment or the date the child or youth attains the age of 20, and made technical changes in Subsec. (b).

Sec. 17a-8a. Authorized leave for delinquent child committed to department. The Commissioner of Children and Families may authorize leave for a child convicted as delinquent committed to the Department of Children and Families and assigned to a state facility or private residential program, provided there is a reasonable belief, based on the totality of the information in the possession of the commissioner, that such child will honor the commissioner’s trust and is eligible for leave under standards adopted pursuant to 17a-7a. If any such child who is granted leave under this section fails to return to such facility or program, such child shall be guilty of escape from custody pursuant to section 53a-171. The superintendent or director shall disclose any records created or obtained by the facility or program regarding such child and necessary to facilitate the apprehension and the return of the child to the custody of the commissioner.

(P.A. 98-70, S. 4; P.A. 00-209, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 00-209 added provision that a child who fails to return from an authorized leave “shall be guilty of escape from custody pursuant to section 53a-171”, required the disclosure of records “necessary to facilitate the apprehension and return of the child to the custody of the commissioner”, deleted provision that limited the disclosure “to the appropriate law enforcement agency” and made a technical change.

Sec. 17a-9. (Formerly Sec. 17-417). Appointment of deputy commissioners, directors and administrative heads. (a) The commissioner shall appoint, after consultation with the state advisory council, and may remove in a like manner, two deputy commissioners who shall be in the unclassified service. The deputy commissioner for program services shall be a clinically competent professional person experienced in one or more fields of children’s services and in the administration of such services, and shall be responsible for the supervision of all clinical treatment and program services of the department. The deputy commissioner of administrative services shall have experience in business or institutional administration and shall be responsible for the organizational and general administrative services of the department.

(b) The commissioner shall appoint, after consultation with the state advisory council, and may remove in like manner, not more than two program directors who shall be in the unclassified service, provided the title or duties of any director appointed pursuant to this subsection may be changed as the commissioner deems necessary after consultation with the state advisory council. Such directors may oversee community programs and services and the operation of institutions and facilities.

(c) The commissioner shall, in accordance with chapter 67 and after consultation with the state advisory council, appoint the administrative heads of all of the institutions and facilities transferred to the department and such other institutions and facilities as now are or hereafter may be established by or transferred to the department. Such administrative heads shall have skill and experience in the administration of children’s services and shall manage their institutions and facilities in accordance with the regulations and orders of the commissioner.

(d) The commissioner shall, after consultation with the state advisory council, appoint and may remove in a like manner, up to six regional directors who shall be in the unclassified service. Each regional director shall have skill and experience in the field of children’s services and in the administration of such services. Each regional director shall be subject to the direction of the commissioner and shall be responsible for the operation and administration of services provided or funded by the department in the regions created by the commissioner pursuant to subsection (a) of section 17a-30.

(1969, P.A. 664, S. 8; P.A. 75-400, S. 1, 2; 75-524, S. 6, 30; P.A. 79-104; P.A. 87-518, S. 2, 5; P.A. 93-216, S. 1; P.A. 95-339, S. 7, 8; P.A. 05-246, S. 2; P.A. 11-105, S. 6.)

History: P.A. 75-400 included two assistant superintendents; P.A. 75-524 specified council’s advisory status, increased number of deputy commissioners to two and specified their qualifications and duties, and replaced previous provisions re appointments of division and institution heads with new Subsecs. (b) and (c); P.A. 79-104 amended Subsec. (b) to allow change in director’s duties or titles after consultation with council; P.A. 87-518 inserted new Subsec. (b), authorizing appointment of six regional directors, and two assistant directors for each regional director, and relettered remaining subsections accordingly; Sec. 17-417 transferred to Sec. 17a-9 in 1991; P.A. 93-216 amended Subsec. (a) to increase number of deputy commissioners from two to three by separating support services as separate position, amended Subsec. (b) to replace directors with administrators and to delete provisions re assistant regional directors and amended Subsec. (c) to delete provisions requiring appointment of persons to fill specified directorships; P.A. 95-339 amended Subsec. (a) to reduce the number of deputy commissioners from three to two and to delete language describing the experience required for and the responsibilities of the eliminated position of deputy commissioner for support services, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 05-246 deleted former Subsec. (b) re appointment and qualification of regional administrators, redesignated existing Subsecs. (c) and (d) as Subsecs. (b) and (c) and made a technical change in redesignated Subsec. (b), effective July 8, 2005; P.A. 11-105 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting provision requiring that directors be appointed in accordance with Ch. 67, adding requirement that not more than 2 program directors be appointed and adding provisions specifying that program directors be in the unclassified service and allowing directors to oversee programs, services and operations and added Subsec. (d) re appointment of regional directors, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 17a-10. (Formerly Sec. 17-418). Custody of committed children. Support and health services. Extension or termination of commitment. (a) Any child committed to the department by the Superior Court shall be deemed to be within the custody of the commissioner until such commitment terminates as provided in subsection (a) of section 17a-8.

(b) The commissioner shall pay for the support and maintenance of any delinquent child who is in residence in any of the department’s institutions or facilities or in transit from one institution or facility to another. The commissioner, in the commissioner’s sole discretion, may, if the commissioner has sufficient funds, pay for the support and maintenance of any other child or youth who is in the custody of the commissioner. If a child is in the custody of the commissioner and is also committed to the Commissioner of Social Services, the Commissioner of Social Services shall pay for such child’s support and maintenance when such child is living elsewhere than in an institution or facility of the Department of Children and Families, unless there is other provision for such child’s support. Nothing in this section shall exempt any person from liability of support of children or youths under the supervision of the commissioner, when otherwise provided by law.

(c) When deemed in the best interests of a child in the custody of the commissioner, the commissioner, his designee, a superintendent or assistant superintendent or, when the child is in transit between department facilities, a designee of the commissioner, may authorize, on the advice of a physician licensed to practice in the state, medical treatment, including surgery, to insure the continued good health or life of the child. Any of said persons may, when he deems it in the best interests of the child, authorize, on the advice of a dentist licensed to practice in the state, dentistry, including dental surgery, to insure the continued good health of the child. Upon such authorization, the commissioner shall exercise due diligence to inform the parents or guardian prior to taking such action, and in all cases shall send notice to the parents or guardian by letter to their last-known address informing them of the actions taken, of their necessity and of the outcome, but in a case where the commissioner fails to notify, such failure will not affect the validity of the authorization.

(d) If the Superior Court requests a report on any committed child, the commissioner shall be responsible for preparing and transmitting such report to the requesting court. Not more than sixty days nor less than thirty days prior to the expiration of the original commitment of any child to the department, the commissioner may file a motion for an extension of commitment pursuant to the provisions of section 46b-141. If the commissioner, or the board of review pursuant to the provisions of section 17a-15, at any time during the commitment of any child, determines that termination of commitment of a child is in the best interest of such child, the commissioner or the board may terminate the commitment and such termination shall be effective without further action by the court.

(1969, P.A. 664, S. 11; 1971, P.A. 295, S. 1; P.A. 75-420, S. 4, 6; P.A. 75-524, S. 7, 30; P.A. 76-436, S. 593, 681; P.A. 77-614, S. 521, 610; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-262, S. 1, 87; P.A. 01-142, S. 10; P.A. 06-196, S. 107; P.A. 11-157, S. 6.)

History: 1971 act made previous provisions Subsecs. (a) and (d) and inserted new Subsecs. (b) and (c) re payments for support and maintenance and re health supervision; P.A. 75-420 replaced welfare commissioner with commissioner of social services; P.A. 75-524 specified payments in Subsec. (b) to pertain to “delinquent” child, allowed payments if funds sufficient for other children “or youth” in commissioner’s custody and specified that provisions do not exempt liable persons from their responsibility; P.A. 76-436 replaced juvenile court with superior court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of social services with commissioner of human resources, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 17-418 transferred to Sec. 17a-10 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of human resources, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 01-142 amended Subsec. (d) by changing “petition the court” to “file a motion”; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 11-157 amended Subsec. (a) to reference termination of commitment as provided in Sec. 17a-8(a).

See Sec. 18-87 re transfer of correctional institution inmate to custody of Department of Children and Families.

Annotation to former section 17-418:

Cited. 171 C. 644.

Annotations to present section:

Cited. 40 CA 366.

Subsec. (d):

Time constraints are mandatory. 62 CA 681.

Sec. 17a-10a. *(See end of section for amended version and effective date.) Visitation with child in care and custody of commissioner. Visitation of child with sibling. (a) The Commissioner of Children and Families shall ensure that a child placed in the care and custody of the commissioner pursuant to an order of temporary custody or an order of commitment is provided visitation with such child’s parents and siblings, unless otherwise ordered by the court.

(b) The commissioner shall ensure that such child’s visits with his or her parents shall occur as frequently as reasonably possible, based upon consideration of the best interests of the child, including the age and developmental level of the child, and shall be sufficient in number and duration to ensure continuation of the relationship.

(c) If such child has an existing relationship with a sibling and is separated from such sibling as a result of intervention by the commissioner including, but not limited to, placement in a foster home or in the home of a relative, the commissioner shall, based upon consideration of the best interests of the child, ensure that such child has access to and visitation rights with such sibling throughout the duration of such placement. In determining the number, frequency and duration of such visits, the commissioner shall consider the best interests of each sibling, given each child’s age and developmental level and the continuation of the sibling relationship.

(d) The commissioner shall include in each child’s plan of treatment information relating to the factors considered in making visitation determinations pursuant to this section. If the commissioner determines that such visits are not in the best interests of the child or that the number, frequency or duration of the visits requested by the child’s attorney or guardian ad litem is not in the best interests of the child, the commissioner shall include the reasons for such determination in the child’s plan of treatment.

(P.A. 03-243, S. 5.)

*Note: On and after October 1, 2014, this section, as amended by section 1 of public act 12-71, is to read as follows:

“Sec. 17a-10a. Visitation with child in care and custody of commissioner. Visitation of child with sibling. Reports. (a) The Commissioner of Children and Families shall ensure that a child placed in the care and custody of the commissioner pursuant to an order of temporary custody or an order of commitment is provided visitation with such child’s parents and siblings, unless otherwise ordered by the court.

(b) The commissioner shall ensure that such child’s visits with his or her parents shall occur as frequently as reasonably possible, based upon consideration of the best interests of the child, including the age and developmental level of the child, and shall be sufficient in number and duration to ensure continuation of the relationship.

(c) If such child has an existing relationship with a sibling and is separated from such sibling as a result of intervention by the commissioner including, but not limited to, placement in a foster home or in the home of a relative, the commissioner shall, based upon consideration of the best interests of the child, ensure that such child has access to and visitation rights with such sibling throughout the duration of such placement. In determining the number, frequency and duration of sibling visits, the commissioner shall consider the best interests of each sibling, given each child’s age and developmental level and the continuation of the sibling relationship. If the child and his or her sibling both reside within the state and within fifty miles of each other, the commissioner shall, within available appropriations, ensure that such child’s visits with his or her sibling occur, on average, not less than once per week, unless the commissioner finds that the frequency of such visitation is not in the best interests of each sibling.

(d) The commissioner shall include in each child’s plan of treatment information relating to the factors considered in making visitation determinations pursuant to this section. If the commissioner determines that such visits are not in the best interests of the child, that the occurrence of, on average, not less than one visit per week with his or her sibling is not in the best interests of each sibling, or that the number, frequency or duration of the visits requested by the child’s attorney or guardian ad litem is not in the best interests of the child, the commissioner shall include the reasons for such determination in the child’s plan of treatment.

(e) On or before October first of each year, the commissioner shall report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, to the select committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to children, data sufficient to demonstrate compliance with subsections (a), (c) and (d) of this section.”

(P.A. 03-243, S. 5; P.A. 12-71, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 12-71 amended Subsec. (c) to require that commissioner ensure weekly visitation when siblings reside within the state and within 50 miles of each other, amended Subsec. (d) to require that when commissioner determines that weekly sibling visitation is not in the best interests of the child, the reasons for such determination are included in the child’s treatment plan and added Subsec. (e) re reports to General Assembly, effective October 1, 2014.

Sec. 17a-10b. Commissioner to use best efforts to notify grandparent when child removed from custody of parent. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 17a-28, if the Commissioner of Children and Families removes a child from the custody of a parent, the commissioner shall use best efforts to identify and notify the grandparents of the child not later than fifteen days after the child is removed from the home. A grandparent may provide contact information to the commissioner for the purposes of such notice if the child is the subject of an investigation by the commissioner or has been, or is under, the care or supervision of the commissioner.

(P.A. 06-37, S. 1.)

Sec. 17a-10c. Youth Advisory Board. Sibling Bill of Rights. (a) For purposes of this section, “Youth Advisory Board” means a board established by each Department of Children and Families regional office that is comprised of youth in out-of-home care.

(b) The Commissioner of Children and Families shall meet with the members of each Youth Advisory Board to gather recommendations for and to draft a “Sibling Bill of Rights”, which may include, but not be limited to, ways to protect the relationships of siblings separated as a result of said commissioner’s intervention and an affirmation by the department of its commitment to preserve the relationships between siblings who have been separated from each other while under department care. On or before October 1, 2013, the commissioner and members of the Youth Advisory Boards shall submit the Sibling Bill of Rights to the select committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to children for consideration of possible legislative action.

(c) The Commissioner of Children and Families shall incorporate the final version of the Sibling Bill of Rights into department policy and share such policy with each child placed in the care and custody of the commissioner pursuant to an order of temporary custody or an order of commitment.

(P.A. 12-71, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 12-71 effective June 6, 2012.

Sec. 17a-11. (Formerly Sec. 17-419). Voluntary admission. Termination of admission. Permanency plan. Review of plan by probate court. Appeals. Regulations. Plan for care and treatment of persons eighteen years of age or older. (a) The commissioner may, in the commissioner’s discretion, admit to the department on a voluntary basis any child or youth who, in the commissioner’s opinion, could benefit from any of the services offered or administered by, or under contract with, or otherwise available to, the department. Application for voluntary admission shall be made in writing by the parent or guardian of a child under fourteen years of age or by such person himself or herself if he or she is a child fourteen years of age or older or a youth. The fact that a parent has applied for services or received services for his or her child through voluntary admission shall not be used against the parent (1) in any investigation conducted by the department in accordance with section 17a-101g, (2) when making placement decisions for the child, (3) when making foster care licensing determinations in accordance with section 17a-114, or (4) in any court proceeding related to the placement of a minor relative of the parent.

(b) A child or youth voluntarily admitted to the department shall be deemed to be within the care of the commissioner until such admission is terminated. The commissioner shall terminate the admission of any child or youth voluntarily admitted to the department within ten days after receipt of a written request for termination from a parent or guardian of any child under fourteen years of age or from a child if such child is fourteen years of age or older, or youth, unless prior to the expiration of that time the commissioner has sought and received from the Superior Court an order of temporary custody as provided by law. The commissioner may terminate the admission of any child or youth voluntarily admitted to the department after giving reasonable notice in writing to the parent or guardian of any child under fourteen years of age and to a child fourteen years of age or older, and to any youth. Any child or youth admitted voluntarily to the department may be placed in, or transferred to, any resource, facility or institution within the department or available to the commissioner except the Connecticut Juvenile Training School, provided the commissioner shall give written notice to such child or youth and to the parent or guardian of the child of the commissioner’s intention to make a transfer at least ten days prior to any actual transfer, unless written notice is waived by those entitled to receive it, or unless an emergency commitment of such child or youth is made pursuant to section 17a-502.

(c) Not more than one hundred twenty days after admitting a child or youth on a voluntary basis, the department shall petition the probate court for the district in which a parent or guardian of the child or youth resides for a determination as to whether continuation in care is in the child’s or youth’s best interest and, if so, whether there is an appropriate case service or permanency plan. A case service plan shall be required for all children and youths receiving services voluntarily from the department who are not in an out-of-home placement. A permanency plan shall be required for all children and youths voluntarily admitted to the department and placed by the department in a foster home licensed pursuant to section 17a-114 or a facility licensed pursuant to section 17a-145 or 17a-154. Upon receipt of such application, the court shall set a time and place for hearing to be held within thirty days of receipt of the application, unless continued by the court for cause shown. The court shall order notice of the hearing to be given by first class mail at least five days prior to the hearing to the Commissioner of Children and Families, and by first class mail at least five days prior to the hearing to the parents or guardian of the child and the minor, if over twelve years of age. If the whereabouts of the parent or guardian are unknown, or if delivery cannot reasonably be effected, then notice shall be ordered to be given by publication. In making its determination, the court shall consider the items specified in subsection (d) of this section. The court shall possess continuing jurisdiction in proceedings under this section.

(d) (1) Ten months after admitting a child or youth on a voluntary basis and annually thereafter if the child or youth remains in the custody of the commissioner and remains placed in a foster home licensed pursuant to section 17a-114 or a facility licensed pursuant to section 17a-145 or 17a-154, the commissioner shall file a motion for review of a permanency plan. A hearing on such motion shall be held not later than thirty days after the filing of such motion. The court shall provide notice to the child or youth and such child’s or youth’s parent or guardian of the time and place of the hearing on such motion not less than ten days prior to the date of such hearing.

(2) At a permanency hearing held in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (1) of this subsection, the court shall approve a permanency plan that is in the best interests of the child or youth and takes into consideration the child’s or youth’s need for permanency. The health and safety of the child or youth shall be of paramount concern in formulating such plan. At such hearing, the court shall consider among other things: (A) The appropriateness of the department’s plan for service to the child or youth and his or her family; (B) the treatment and support services that have been offered and provided to the child or youth to strengthen and reunite the family; (C) if return home is not likely for the child or youth, the efforts that have been made or should be made to evaluate and plan for other modes of care; and (D) any further efforts which have been or will be made to promote the best interests of the child or youth.

(3) The permanency plan pursuant to subdivision (2) of this subsection may include the goal of (A) placement of the child or youth with the parent or guardian, (B) transfer of guardianship, (C) long-term foster care with a relative licensed as a foster parent or certified as a relative caregiver, (D) termination of parental rights and adoption, or (E) such other planned permanent living arrangement ordered by the court provided the commissioner has documented a compelling reason why it would not be in the best interest of the child or youth for the permanency plan to include the goals in subparagraphs (A) to (D), inclusive, of this subdivision. Such other planned permanent living arrangement may include, but not be limited to, placement of a child or youth in an independent living program or long-term foster care with an identified foster parent.

(4) At a permanency hearing, the court shall review the status of the child or youth and the progress being made to implement the permanency plan, determine a timetable for attaining the permanency prescribed by the plan and determine whether the commissioner has made reasonable efforts to achieve the permanency plan. At the conclusion of the hearing, the court may: (A) Direct that the services being provided, or the placement of the child or youth and reunification efforts, be continued if the court, after hearing, determines that continuation of the child or youth in services or placement is in the child’s or youth’s best interests, or (B) direct that the child’s or youth’s services or placement be modified to reflect the child’s or youth’s best interest.

(e) The commissioner shall adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 describing the documentation required for voluntary admission and for informal administrative case review, upon request, of any denial of an application for voluntary admission.

(f) Any person aggrieved by a decision of the commissioner denying voluntary services may appeal such decision through an administrative hearing held pursuant to chapter 54.

(g) Notwithstanding any provision of sections 17a-1 to 17a-26, inclusive, and 17a-28 to 17a-49, inclusive, any person already under the care and supervision of the Commissioner of Children and Families who has passed such person’s eighteenth birthday but has not yet reached such person’s twenty-first birthday may be permitted to remain voluntarily under the supervision of the commissioner, provided the commissioner, in the commissioner’s discretion, determines that such person would benefit from further care and support from the Department of Children and Families. Any person remaining voluntarily under the supervision of the commissioner pursuant to this subsection shall be entitled to a written plan for care and treatment, and review of such plan, in accordance with section 17a-15.

(h) Upon motion of any interested party in a Probate Court proceeding under this section, the probate court of record may transfer the file for cause shown to a probate court for a district other than the district in which the initial or permanency hearing was held. The file shall be transferred by the probate court of record making copies of all recorded documents in the court file, certifying each of them, and delivering the certified copies to the probate court to which the matter is transferred.

(1969, P.A. 664, S. 12; 1971, P.A. 265; P.A. 73-69, S. 1, 2; P.A. 75-524, S. 8, 30; P.A. 77-604, S. 13, 84; P.A. 78-238; 78-280, S. 29, 127; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 97-272, S. 5; P.A. 98-52, S. 9; P.A. 99-26, S. 18, 39; P.A. 00-76, S. 3; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7, S. 37; P.A. 03-278, S. 51, 52; P.A. 05-246, S. 3; P.A. 06-102, S. 2; 06-196, S. 108; P.A. 07-184, S. 6; P.A. 09-185, S. 6.)

History: 1971 act specified admission in residential facilities, provided that community services may be offered to those not committed or voluntarily admitted and allowed person 14 or older to apply himself, deleting reference to his “consent in writing”; P.A. 73-69 included admission to facilities “under contract with, or otherwise available to” department; P.A. 75-524 divided section into subsections, deleted provision re community services, clarified who is to make application, deleted provision re two-year limit and extension of admission, clarified termination procedure for those voluntarily admitted, added proviso re notice of intent to transfer voluntarily admitted child or youth and added Subsec. (c); P.A. 77-604 made technical correction; P.A. 78-238 added Subsec. (d); P.A. 78-280 replaced juvenile court with superior court in Subsec. (b); Sec. 17-419 transferred to Sec. 17a-11 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993 (Revisor’s note: The words “the department of” in the phrase “commissioner of the department of children and youth services” were deleted editorially by the Revisors to conform with customary statutory usage and the reference in Subsec. (d) to Sec. 17a-51 was deleted editorially by the Revisors to reflect the repeal of that section by P.A. 93-216, S. 8); P.A. 97-272 inserted new Subsecs. (c) re petition to Probate Court for determination if care is in child’s best interest, (d) re dispositional hearing on status of child and (f) re appeal, made technical changes and relettered the section accordingly; P.A. 98-52 amended Subsec. (c) adding “for the district in which a parent or guardian of the child or youth resides”, and providing that notice to Commissioner of Children and Families be by regular mail and by certified mail, return receipt requested, to parents or guardian, amended Subsec. (d) adding “for the district in which a parent or guardian of child or youth resides” and added Subsec. (h) re transfer of file for cause shown to other probate court; P.A. 99-26 amended Subsec. (b) to replace “Long Lane School” with “the Connecticut Juvenile Training School”, effective upon the filing with the Governor and the General Assembly of written certification by the Commissioner of Children and Families that the new Connecticut Juvenile Training School is operational (Revisor’s note: Said written certification was filed with the Senate and House Clerks on September 20, 2001, and with the Governor on September 21, 2001); P.A. 00-76 moved provision re continuing jurisdiction of the court and requiring dispositional hearing at least every 12 months from Subsec. (d) to Subsec. (c), and in Subsec. (d) deleted “for the district in which a parent or guardian of the child or youth resides” re where the commissioner files motion requesting dispositional hearing in Probate Court; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7 amended Subsec. (a) to make technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality, amended Subsec. (b) to make technical changes, amended Subsec. (c) to replace “case service plan” with “permanency plan”, delete provision that the court “shall conduct a further dispositional hearing whenever it deems necessary or desirable, but at least every twelve months” and make a technical change, amended Subsec. (d) to replace existing provisions re dispositional hearing and order of disposition with Subdiv. (1) re filing of and hearing on a motion for review of permanency plan, Subdiv. (2) re factors considered by the court at permanency hearing and criteria for permanency plan, Subdiv. (3) re goals of permanency plan and Subdiv. (4) re responsibilities of the court at permanency hearing and options of the court with respect to continuation or modification of the child’s or youth’s services or placement and amended Subsec. (g) to make technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality, effective August 15, 2002; P.A. 03-278 made technical changes in Subsecs. (d)(4) and (h), effective July 9, 2003; P.A. 05-246 required case service plan for children and youth not in an out-of-home placement who voluntarily receive services and a permanency plan for those voluntarily admitted to department and placed in foster home licensed pursuant to Sec. 17a-114 or facility licensed pursuant to Sec. 17a-145 or 17a-154 in Subsec. (c) and added provision in Subsec. (d)(1) re children and youths who remain placed in licensed foster home or facility; P.A. 06-102 amended Subsec. (g) to make technical changes and provide that any person remaining voluntarily under commissioner’s supervision is entitled to a written plan for care and treatment and a review of the plan, effective June 2, 2006; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsec. (c), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-184 amended Subsec. (c) to substitute “first class mail” for “regular mail” and “certified mail” and to delete “return receipt requested”; P.A. 09-185 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision prohibiting use of the fact that a parent has applied for or received voluntary admission services against the parent.

Sec. 17a-12. (Formerly Sec. 17-420). Transfer of child or youth to other program, agency, organization or facility. (a) When the commissioner, or the commissioner’s designee, determines that a change of program is in the best interest of any child or youth committed or transferred to the department, the commissioner or the commissioner’s designee, may transfer such person to any appropriate resource or program administered by or available to the department, to any other state department or agency, or to any private agency or organization within or without the state under contract with the department; provided no child or youth voluntarily admitted to the department under section 17a-11 shall be placed or subsequently transferred to the Connecticut Juvenile Training School; and further provided no transfer shall be made to any institution, hospital or facility under the jurisdiction of the Department of Correction, except as authorized by section 18-87, unless it is so ordered by the Superior Court after a hearing. When, in the opinion of the commissioner, or the commissioner’s designee, a person fourteen years of age or older is dangerous to himself or herself or others or cannot be safely held at the Connecticut Juvenile Training School, if a male, or at any other facility within the state available to the Commissioner of Children and Families, the commissioner, or the commissioner’s designee, may request an immediate hearing before the Superior Court on the docket for juvenile matters where such person was originally committed to determine whether such person shall be transferred to the John R. Manson Youth Institution, Cheshire, if a male, or the Connecticut Correctional Institution, Niantic, if a female. The court shall, within three days of the hearing, make such determination. If the court orders such transfer, the transfer shall be reviewed by the court every six months thereafter to determine whether it should be continued or terminated, unless the commissioner has already exercised the powers granted to the commissioner under section 17a-13 by removing such person from the John R. Manson Youth Institution, Cheshire or the Connecticut Correctional Institution, Niantic. Such transfer shall terminate upon the expiration of the commitment in such juvenile matter.

(b) Unless ordered by the Superior Court at the time of commitment, no child or youth committed to the commissioner shall be placed in or transferred to a state-operated residential mental health facility under the jurisdiction of the commissioner without a hearing before the commissioner or the commissioner’s designee. Such hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, (1) any delinquent child, if a male, may be placed at any time in the Connecticut Juvenile Training School, and (2) the commissioner may transfer any child or youth committed to the commissioner to any institution, hospital or facility for mentally ill children under the commissioner’s jurisdiction for a period not to exceed fifteen days if the need for such emergency treatment is certified by a psychiatrist licensed to practice medicine by the state.

(1969, P.A. 664, S. 14; 1971, P.A. 13, S. 1; 1972, P.A. 111, S. 1; P.A. 73-552; P.A. 75-228; 75-524, S. 9, 30; 75-567, S. 79, 80; P.A. 76-436, S. 594, 681; P.A. 78-300, S. 1; P.A. 86-186, S. 8; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-216, S. 2; P.A. 99-26, S. 19, 39; P.A. 04-152, S. 3; P.A. 11-157, S. 7.)

History: 1971 act added provisions re transfers from Connecticut School for Boys to Cheshire correctional institution of males 15 or older deemed dangerous to self or others; 1972 act allowed commissioner’s designee to act under section; P.A. 73-552 included transfers of females deemed dangerous to self or others and reduced age minimum for transferees to 14; P.A. 75-228 added reference to facilities other than Connecticut School for Boys and Long Lane School; P.A. 75-524 replaced “person” with “child or youth”, deleted references to transfers to facilities under department of mental health in previous provisions and added Subsec. (b) regulating such transfers; P.A. 75-567 allowed commissioner’s designee to act under section provisions; P.A. 76-436 replaced “court of appropriate jurisdiction” with “superior court” and “juvenile court” with “superior court on the docket for juvenile matters”, effective July 1, 1979; P.A. 78-300 made technical correction; P.A. 86-186 changed the name of the Connecticut Correctional Institution, Cheshire to the John R. Manson Youth Institution, Cheshire; Sec. 17-420 transferred to Sec. 17a-12 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993 (Revisor’s note: The words “the department of” in the phrase “commissioner of the department of children and youth services” were deleted editorially by the Revisors to conform with customary statutory usage); P.A. 93-216 deleted references to the Connecticut School for Boys throughout section; P.A. 99-26 replaced references to “Long Lane School” with “the Connecticut Juvenile Training School” where appearing and made technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality, effective upon the filing with the Governor and the General Assembly of written certification by the Commissioner of Children and Families that the new Connecticut Juvenile Training School is operational (Revisor’s note: Said written certification was filed with the Senate and House Clerks on September 20, 2001, and with the Governor on September 21, 2001); P.A. 04-152 amended Subsecs. (a) and (c) by adding references to “male” children held or placed at the Connecticut Juvenile Training School, effective May 21, 2004; P.A. 11-157 amended Subsec. (a) to add provision re transfer to terminate on expiration of commitment in juvenile matter.

Annotations to former section 17-420:

Cited. 171 C. 644. Because defendant was over eighteen and could not be “committed, admitted or transferred” to department’s care and custody, requirement that department explore alternative of transfer to out-of-state institution did not apply to defendant and juvenile court properly declined to explore such alternative. 276 C. 633.

Annotations to present section:

Subsec. (a):

To effectuate any transfer of a juvenile in custody of department, petitioner must first determine that it is in the child’s best interest to do so; when petitioner seeks to transfer a juvenile in department’s custody to Department of Correction, however, there is additional requirement that Superior Court must order the transfer following hearing. 264 C. 747. Section requires that trial court, in determining whether to transfer allegedly dangerous juvenile to Department of Correction custody, must consider both best interest of the juvenile posing a safety concern and danger posed by that juvenile to other juveniles with whom the subject juvenile is or will be situated. Id. Delinquent juvenile who faces transfer proceedings pursuant to section does not have same liberty interest as adult who faces criminal proceedings. Id. Fact that, under due process clause, an adult who is not competent cannot be convicted of a crime does not mean that a juvenile who is not competent cannot be transferred to Department of Correction pursuant to section. Id. Fundamental fairness requires that juvenile be adequately represented at hearing so that court may make an informed and accurate determination of juvenile’s best interest and the danger he or she poses. Id.

Statute as applied resulted in denial of procedural due process where court failed to determine competency prior to ordering transfer of mentally disabled youth from Department of Children and Families facility to a correctional institution; for purposes of future transfer proceedings, court must first consider child’s competency and then determine if transfer is in child’s best interest, including considering evidence of alternatives to incarceration. 68 CA 427.

Subsec. (c):

Subdiv. (1) cited. 43 CA 613.

Sec. 17a-13. (Formerly Sec. 17-420a). Jurisdiction over person transferred to correctional facility at Cheshire or Niantic. Any person committed to the Department of Children and Families who is transferred to the John R. Manson Youth Institution, Cheshire, or the Connecticut Correctional Institution, Niantic, pursuant to section 17a-12, shall be deemed, while so transferred, to be under the jurisdiction of the Department of Correction except that the Commissioner of Children and Families shall retain his powers to remove such person and to place him in another facility or in the community or to terminate the commitment. The jurisdiction of the Department of Correction shall terminate upon the expiration of the commitment as provided in subsection (a) of section 17a-8.

(1971, P.A. 13, S. 2; P.A. 78-300, S. 2; P.A. 86-186, S. 9; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 11-157, S. 8.)

History: P.A. 78-300 added reference to transfers to Niantic Correctional Institution; P.A. 86-186 changed the name of the Connecticut Correctional Institution, Cheshire to the John R. Manson Youth Institution, Cheshire; Sec. 17-420a transferred to Sec. 17a-13 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; (Revisor’s note: In 1997 the phrase “Commissioner of the Department of Children and Families” was replaced editorially by the Revisors with “Commissioner of Children and Families” for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 11-157 added provision re jurisdiction of Department of Correction to terminate on expiration of commitment under Sec. 17a-8(a).

Sec. 17a-14. (Formerly Sec. 17-420b). Completion of special education programs permitted. Payment by Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services. Each child or youth in the custody of the Commissioner of Children and Families due to behavioral problems, and served by an approved residential treatment facility with special education programs, may continue in such facility beyond eighteen years of age until his program is completed. The Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services shall be responsible for the payment of board and care costs for any child or youth who remains in an approved residential treatment facility with special education programs beyond eighteen years of age pursuant to this section provided such child or youth meets the eligibility requirements established by the commissioner.

(P.A. 85-389; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-257, S. 11, 58; P.A. 98-250, S. 11, 39.)

History: Sec. 17-420b transferred to Sec. 17a-14 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Mental Health with Commissioner and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 98-250 added proviso that each child or youth meet commissioner-established eligibility requirements, effective July 1, 1998.

Sec. 17a-15. (Formerly Sec. 17-421). Development of treatment and permanent placement plan. Review of plan. Modifications. Application for review. Hearing. Procedure. (a) The commissioner shall prepare and maintain a written plan for care, treatment and permanent placement of every child and youth under the commissioner’s supervision, which shall include but not be limited to a diagnosis of the problems of each child or youth, the proposed plan of treatment services and temporary placement and a goal for permanent placement of the child or youth, which may include reunification with the parent, long-term foster care, independent living, transfer of guardianship or adoption. The child’s or youth’s health and safety shall be the paramount concern in formulating the plan.

(b) The commissioner shall at least every six months, review the plan of each child and youth under the commissioner’s supervision for the purpose of determining whether such plan is appropriate and make any appropriate modifications to such plan.

(c) Any child or youth or the parent or guardian of such child or youth aggrieved by any provision of a plan prepared under subsection (a) of this section, or by the commissioner’s decision upon review under subsection (b) of this section, or any child or youth or the parent or guardian of such child or youth aggrieved by a refusal of any other service from the commissioner to which he is entitled, shall be provided a hearing within thirty days following a written request for the same directed to the commissioner.

(d) Upon motion of any sibling of any child committed to the Department of Children and Families pursuant to section 46b-129, in any pending hearing held pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, such sibling shall have the right to be heard concerning visitation with, and placement of, any such child.

(e) Any hearing held pursuant to a request made under subsection (c) or (d) of this section shall be conducted as a contested case in accordance with chapter 54 provided: (1) A final decision shall be rendered within fifteen days following the close of evidence and filing of briefs; and (2) any appeal of a decision pursuant to section 4-183 shall be to the district of the superior court for juvenile matters, where the child is located, as established in section 46b-142.

(1969, P.A. 664, S. 15; 1971, P.A. 818, S. 6; 1972, P.A. 110, S. 1; P.A. 75-524, S. 10, 30; P.A. 79-567, S. 5, 7; P.A. 80-401, S. 4; P.A. 98-241, S. 2, 18; P.A. 01-149, S. 2.)

History: 1971 act replaced “council”, i.e. council on children and youth services, with “commissioner”, i.e. commissioner of children and youth services, reflecting council’s switch to advisory status; 1972 act extended review power in Subsec. (a) to commissioner’s designee; P.A. 75-524 replaced previous provisions concerning review procedure for placements with new provisions re individual plans for care and treatment of each child or youth and review procedure for plans; P.A. 79-567 replaced hearing provisions in Subsec. (d) with restated provisions; P.A. 80-401 changed effective date of 1979 change from July 1, 1980, to July 1, 1981; Sec. 17-421 transferred to Sec. 17a-15 in 1991; P.A. 98-241 amended Subsec. (a) by adding requirement of written plan for permanent placement and adding provision re goal of permanent placement and amended Subsec. (b) re appropriate modifications to plan, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 01-149 made technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality in Subsecs. (a), (b), and (c), added Subsec. (d) re right of sibling to be heard at any pending hearing concerning visitation with or placement of child committed to commissioner and designated former Subsec. (d) as Subsec. (e), adding “or (d)” therein.

The meaning of section is clear and unambiguous. 288 C. 163. Under section, a youth who is aggrieved by the temporary placement provision of his treatment plan, which calls for him to spend two years at the training school, is required to be given hearing on that plan not later than thirty days after a request has been made. Id.

Trial court’s dismissal of plaintiff’s administrative appeal as moot upheld where filing of termination petitions by department eliminated the possibility that plaintiff could obtain the relief sought in an administrative hearing requested under section. 49 CA 706.

Subsec. (a):

Treatment plan is limited to preparation of a written plan for care and treatment of every child and youth under commissioner’s supervision. 49 CA 706.

Subsec. (c):

Hearing must necessarily be limited to the plan required by Subsec. (a) for the care and treatment of children and youth under supervision of department and is heard by an administrative hearing officer in department. 49 CA 706.

Sec. 17a-15a. Inclusion of information in documents concerning permanent placement plan. The Department of Children and Families shall include the following information in each document of the department entitled study in support of permanency plan and status report for permanency planning team, except when otherwise directed by the Juvenile Court: (1) A description of any problems or offenses that necessitated the placement of the child with the department; (2) a description of the type and an analysis of the effectiveness of the care, treatment and supervision that the department has provided for the child; (3) for each child in substitute care, the current visitation schedule between the child and his parents and siblings; (4) a description of every effort taken by the department to reunite the child with a parent or to find a permanent placement for the child, including, where applicable, every effort to assist each parent in remedying factors that contributed to the removal of the child from the home; (5) a proposed timetable for reunification of the child and a parent, a permanent placement if continued substitute care is recommended or a justification of why extended substitute care is necessary; and (6) whether the child has been visited no less frequently than every three months by a state or private agency if the child has been placed in foster care outside this state.

(P.A. 09-194, S. 3.)

Sec. 17a-15b. Department responsibilities re child eligible for benefits from Social Security Administration. Documentation of benefit eligibility in child’s permanency plan. (a) The permanency plan of a child in the care and custody of the Commissioner of Children and Families shall include documentation whether the child is eligible for benefits from the Social Security Administration, including, but not limited to, supplemental security income, survivor and disabled adult child benefits.

(b) The department shall complete and submit an application for supplemental security income benefits for any eligible child in its care and custody. The department shall maintain and respond to correspondence regarding the application and any benefits.

(c) For any child who has reached the age of seventeen and is receiving Social Security benefits, the department shall: (1) Determine whether the child will require a representative payee to assist in managing the child’s Social Security benefits, (2) if the child requires a representative payee, identify an appropriate representative payee who shall comply with the representative payee responsibilities set forth in 20 CFR 404.2035, as amended from time to time, and (3) if the child does not require a representative payee, provide the following assistance to the child which may include, but is not limited to, educating the child about (A) maintaining their eligibility with the Social Security Administration, and (B) maintaining a bank account for purposes of electronic direct deposit of Social Security payments.

(P.A. 12-53, S. 1.)

Sec. 17a-15c. Inclusion of educational, vocational and financial information in permanency plan documents and hearings. Any permanency plan documents submitted by the Department of Children and Families pursuant to section 46b-129 and any hearing held to address a child’s or youth’s permanency plan shall include: (1) For a child five years of age and under, the steps the department has taken to make any necessary referrals of the child for early intervention, preschool or special education services, which are being provided or are scheduled to be provided in accordance with applicable law, (2) for a child sixteen years of age or older, the steps the department has taken to enable the child to learn independent living skills and complete a secondary educational or vocational program, and (3) for a child sixteen years of age or older but under eighteen years of age, (A) the steps the department has taken to develop a transition plan that is personalized for the child, which includes, but is not limited to, specific options for housing, health insurance, and education, local opportunities for mentors and continuing support opportunities, work force support and employment services, (B) a review of the benefits the child is currently receiving including, but not limited to, Social Security, and (C) the steps the department will take to ensure the child is screened for eligible benefits.

(P.A. 12-53, S. 2.)

Sec. 17a-16. (Formerly Sec. 17-440). Rights of children and youths under the supervision of the Commissioner of Children and Families. (a) No child or youth placed or treated under the direction of the Commissioner of Children and Families in any public or private facility shall be deprived of any personal, property or civil rights, except in accordance with due process of law.

(b) Each child or youth placed or treated under the direction of the Commissioner of Children and Families in any public or private facility shall receive humane and dignified treatment at all times, with full respect for his personal dignity and right to privacy, consistent with his treatment plan as determined by the commissioner.

(c) (1) Each child and youth shall be permitted to communicate with any individual, group or agency, consistent with his treatment objectives as determined by the Commissioner of Children and Families.

(2) Each public or private facility under the direction of the Commissioner of Children and Families shall furnish writing materials and postage to any child or youth desiring them.

(3) A child or youth shall be permitted to make or receive telephone calls to or from his attorneys at any reasonable time. Public telephones shall be made available in appropriate locations.

(d) (1) The Commissioner of Children and Families shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, with respect to each facility or institution under his jurisdiction, to specify the following: (A) When a child or youth may be placed in restraint or seclusion or when force may be used upon a child or youth; (B) when the head of a facility may limit the use or receipt of mail by any child or youth and a procedure for return of unopened mail; and (C) when the head of a facility may restrict the use of a telephone by any child or youth.

(2) A copy of any order placing a child or youth in restraint or seclusion in accordance with the regulations adopted in subdivision (1) of this subsection shall be made a part of the child’s or youth’s permanent clinical record. Any special restriction on the use or receipt of mail or telephone calls made in accordance with the regulations adopted in subdivision (1) of this subsection, shall be noted in writing, signed by the head of the facility, and made a part of the child’s or youth’s permanent clinical record.

(e) (1) Each child or youth shall be permitted to receive visitors subject to reasonable restrictions consistent with the child’s or youth’s treatment objectives. The head of each facility shall establish visiting hours and inform all children and youths and their families and other visitors of these hours. Any special restriction shall be noted in writing, signed by the head of the facility, and made a part of the child’s or youth’s permanent clinical record.

(2) Each child or youth may receive his clergyman and attorney at any reasonable time.

(f) No person shall be denied employment, housing, civil service rank, any license or permit, including a professional license, or any other civil or legal right, solely because of a present or past placement with the Commissioner of Children and Families except as otherwise provided by statute.

(g) Each child or youth under the supervision of the Commissioner of Children and Families shall have the right to counsel of his own choosing, and the right to receive visits from physicians and mental health professionals as may be arranged by his counsel.

(h) Each child or youth shall have a right to a hearing pursuant to procedures adopted by the commissioner, in accordance with sections 4-176e to 4-181a, inclusive, before he is involuntarily transferred by the Commissioner of Children and Families to any facility outside the state of Connecticut.

(i) Any child or youth aggrieved by a violation of subsections (a) to (h), inclusive, of this section, may petition the superior court for the venue district provided in section 46b-142 within which the child or youth is or resides for appropriate relief, including temporary and permanent injunctive relief. Such petition shall be treated as a juvenile matter.

(P.A. 75-538, S. 1–9; P.A. 78-280, S. 31, 127; P.A. 88-317, S. 76, 107; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 06-196, S. 109.)

History: P.A. 78-280 replaced juvenile court with superior court, specified “venue” districts and required that petition be treated as juvenile matter in Subsec. (i); P.A. 88-317 amended reference to Secs. 4-177 to 4-181 in Subsec. (h) to include new sections added to Ch. 54, effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to all agency proceedings commencing on or after that date; Sec. 17-440 transferred to Sec. 17a-16 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsec. (e)(1), effective June 7, 2006.

Subsec. (i):

“Motion for review” of agency’s decision, which was not made under oath, did not invoke a judicial hearing, sought relief not contemplated under statute and did not allow interested parties to participate, was not a “petition” authorized under Subsec.; thus, trial court lacked authority to entertain the motion for review. 77 CA 1.

Sec. 17a-16a. School placement for children in out-of-home care. Nexus school districts. (a) For purposes of this section:

(1) “Child” means (A) any school-aged child, (B) any child ages three to five, inclusive, who has been identified as eligible for special education pursuant to sections 10-76a to 10-76d, inclusive, or under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1400 et seq., as amended from time to time, or (C) any child twenty-seven months to five years of age, inclusive, who has been referred to a planning and placement team to determine eligibility for special education and related services pursuant to sections 10-76a to 10-76d, inclusive, or under said Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, who is placed in out-of-home care by the commissioner pursuant to an order of temporary custody or an order of commitment, in accordance with section 46b-129.

(2) “School of origin” means the school that the child is attending at the time the department places the child in out-of-home care or the school the child is attending at the time of any change of out-of-home care, by the commissioner.

(3) “Receiving school” means the school that a child is attending following a school placement decision by the department in cases in which remaining in the school of origin is determined not to be in the child’s best interests.

(4) “School placement decision” means a decision made by the department regarding the school in which the child will attend while the child is in out-of-home care and does not refer to the provision of a free, appropriate public education to children eligible for special education.

(5) “Department” means the Department of Children and Families.

(6) “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Children and Families.

(7) “Nexus school district” means the school district of a local or regional board of education under whose jurisdiction a child would otherwise be attending school.

(b) (1) Whenever a child is placed in out-of-home care by the department pursuant to an emergency order under subsection (e) of section 17a-101g or an order of temporary custody or an order of commitment under section 46b-129, and at any subsequent change in out-of-home care, any such child may, if it is in the best interests of the child, as determined pursuant to subdivision (3) of this subsection, continue to attend his or her school of origin. Such child shall continue to be a resident of the school district in which such school is located during such attendance for purposes of chapters 168 to 170, inclusive, 172 and 173. The board of education for the school of origin shall continue to provide free school privileges to the child and any services provided by such board shall be in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (2) of subsection (e) of section 10-76d and section 10-253. If the child continues to attend his or her school of origin following placement in out-of-home care by the department, the local or regional board of education of the school of origin shall not be eligible to receive an excess cost grant pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection (e) of section 10-76d for the cost of such education, including, but not limited to, tuition and transportation costs. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2013, and each fiscal year thereafter, an excess cost grant pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection (e) of section 10-76d shall be available to the nexus school district when the nexus school district pays the child’s tuition to the local or regional board of education of the school of origin. If the nexus school district placed the child in a private school or regional educational service center program prior to the child being removed from the home by the department and the child continues to attend such prior placement, the nexus school district, or, if the nexus school district cannot be identified, the town where the child resides, shall be eligible to receive the excess cost grant pursuant to section 10-76g.

(2) Every decision by the department to place a child into out-of-home care under the provisions of subsection (e) of section 17a-101g and section 46b-129, and any subsequent change in out-of-home care, shall take into account the appropriateness of the school setting and the proximity to the school of origin.

(3) (A) Whenever a child is placed in out-of-home care by the department pursuant to an emergency order under subsection (e) of section 17a-101g or an order of temporary custody or an order of commitment under section 46b-129, and at any subsequent change in out-of-home care, the department shall immediately determine whether it is in the best interests of the child to remain in the school of origin. There shall be a presumption that it is in the child’s best interests to remain in the school of origin. The department shall provide written notice of its decision to the parties not later than three business days after the date on which the decision is made. Such notice shall identify the factors that form the basis of the department’s decision. Any party may object to the department’s decision not later than three business days after receipt of such notice. The child shall remain in the school of origin until the time for objection has passed and until any disagreement is resolved, except as provided in subparagraph (C) of this subdivision. The child shall be transported to the school of origin pursuant to subsection (c) of this section during any such disagreement except as provided in subparagraph (C) of this subdivision. Such disagreements shall be expeditiously resolved. The department shall bear the burden of proof that the school placement decision is in the child’s best interests.

(B) The school placement decision may be revisited at any time during the child’s out-of-home care, if circumstances change, in order to ensure that the school placement decision remains in the best interests of the child. Notice of any subsequent decision to change the child’s school placement decision shall be provided in accordance with subparagraph (A) of this subdivision. Any school placement decision made pursuant to this section may be challenged through the dispute resolution process for treatment plans. The child shall remain in the school of origin until any such disagreement is resolved, except as provided in subparagraph (C) of this subdivision and shall be provided with transportation in accordance with subsection (c) of this section.

(C) If at any time the department determines that continued placement in the school of origin will jeopardize the child’s immediate physical safety, the department may immediately remove the child from the school and shall notify the child’s attorney, parents, guardian ad litem and surrogate parent, if any, by phone or by facsimile on the same business day. Any party may object to the decision to change the child’s school placement not later than three business days after receipt of such notice. If any party objects to the change in school placement, the department shall hold an administrative hearing not later than three business days after the objection.

(c) (1) If it is determined that it is in a child’s best interests to remain in his or her school of origin, the department and the board of education for such school of origin shall collaborate on a transportation plan for such child from the town in which the child is placed to such school of origin. The department shall be responsible for any additional or extraordinary cost of such transportation beyond that to which the child would otherwise have access. The department shall maximize federal reimbursements under Title IV-E of the Social Security Act, as amended, for costs of transporting Title IV-E eligible children. The department and the board of education for the school of origin shall consider cost-effective, reliable and safe transportation options.

(2) If it is not in the best interests of the child to attend the school of origin, the department shall work with the board of education for such school of origin and the receiving school to ensure immediate and appropriate enrollment and attendance of the child in the receiving school in accordance with the provisions of subsection (e) of section 10-76d and section 10-253. The educational records of the child shall be provided by the school of origin to the receiving school, in accordance with the federal Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008, Public Law 110-351. Upon notification by the department of a decision to change a child’s school placement and notwithstanding section 10-220h, the school of origin shall transmit to the receiving school, not later than one business day after receipt of such notification, all essential educational records for the child, including, but not limited to, the child’s individualized education program and behavioral intervention plan, if any, and all documents necessary for the receiving school to determine appropriate class placement and to provide educational services. The school of origin shall transfer nonessential records to the receiving school in accordance with section 10-220h.

(3) Upon request of the local or regional board of education for a receiving school, the department shall provide the name, date of birth and school of origin for each child in the custody of the department who has been placed in foster care and is attending a receiving school located in the school district under the jurisdiction of such board.

(P.A. 10-160, S. 1; P.A. 11-93, S. 21; P.A. 12-173, S. 6, 9.)

History: P.A. 10-160 effective July 1, 2010; P.A. 11-93 amended Subsec. (c) by adding Subdiv. (3) requiring department to provide information to boards of education identifying foster care children in school district; P.A. 12-173 amended Subsec. (a) by adding Subdiv. (7) re definition of “nexus school district” and amended Subsec. (b)(1) by adding provision requiring board of education for the school of origin to provide free services in accordance with Secs. 10-76d(e)(2) and 10-253 and adding provision re excess cost grant available to nexus school district, effective July 1, 2012, and amended Subsec. (c)(2) by replacing “individualized education plan” with “individualized education program”, effective June 15, 2012.

Sec. 17a-17. (Formerly Sec. 17-421a). Direct payment for goods and services. Single cost accounting system for payment of room and board and education expenses. Payment system for child care facilities. (a) The Commissioner of Children and Families may, after consultation with the Commissioner of Administrative Services, establish by regulation a payment system, which shall be adopted in accordance with chapter 54, for the direct payment of the reasonable expense of goods or services determined by said commissioner to be necessary for the care and maintenance of any child in the commissioner’s custody, or under the commissioner’s guardianship, whether or not the child has income or estate. Ninety per cent of a clean claim for payments shall be made no later than thirty days from receipt of the request for payment and ninety-nine per cent shall be made within ninety days of such receipt. Upon request of the Commissioner of Children and Families, the Comptroller shall draw an order on the Treasurer, from time to time, for such part of the appropriation for care of such children as may be needed in order to enable the commissioner to make such payments. The Department of Administrative Services may bill to and collect from the person in charge of the estate of any child in the custody of the Commissioner of Children and Families or under said commissioner’s guardianship, or the payee of such child’s income, the total amount expended for care of such child or such portion thereof as any such estate or payee is able to reimburse, provided the department shall not collect from such estate or payee any reimbursement for the cost of care or other expenditures made on behalf of such child from (1) the proceeds of any cause of action received by such child; (2) any lottery proceeds due to such child; (3) any inheritance due to such child; (4) any payment due to such child from a trust other than a trust created pursuant to 42 USC 1396p, as amended from time to time; or (5) the decedent estate of such child. For the purposes of this section “clean claim” means a claim which can be processed without obtaining additional substantiation from the applicant for payment or other person entitled to receive payment. A claim submitted by an applicant who is under investigation for fraud or abuse shall not be considered a clean claim.

(b) The Commissioner of Children and Families and the Commissioner of Education shall jointly develop a single cost accounting system, on forms developed jointly by the Department of Children and Families and the Department of Education, which may be the basis for the payment of reasonable expenses for room and board and education by purchase of service agreement to private residential treatment centers that provide on-campus educational services and are licensed pursuant to section 17a-145. The Commissioner of Children and Families, after consultation with the Commissioner of Education, shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to administer the system, which may provide for the combining of procedures within the Department of Children and Families and the Department of Education for administering the system, including the holding of joint hearings and reviews. Annually, on or before a date established by the Commissioner of Children and Families, each residential treatment center shall submit to the Department of Children and Families, on forms provided by said department and the Department of Education, the audited costs of its approved programs for the preceding year as certified by a certified public accounting firm. On and after July 1, 1983, no additional services shall be included in the calculation of such reasonable expenses unless such services are approved by the Commissioner of Children and Families or the Commissioner of Education.

(c) During the two-year period commencing July 1, 1985, the Commissioner of Children and Families and the Commissioner of Education shall implement the cost accounting system developed pursuant to subsection (b) of this section. On and after July 1, 1987, said system shall be the basis for the payment of reasonable expenses for room and board and education, by purchase of service agreement, to private residential treatment centers, provided said system shall not be applicable to any treatment center which does not submit the audited costs of its approved programs for the preceding year in accordance with the provisions of said subsection (b).

(d) Any cost-of-living adjustment provided in section 4 of public act 98-250* shall be applicable only to the room and board rate and shall not be applicable to the education rate.

(e) The Commissioner of Children and Families may establish a performance-based payment system for child care facilities that serve children in the custody of the commissioner and are licensed pursuant to section 17a-145. Any payments made pursuant to this subsection shall be reinvested in the child care facility to provide program enhancements and salary increases for direct care staff. Such payments shall not be considered income to the child care facility for purposes of establishing payments under the single cost accounting system established pursuant to subsection (b) of this section.

(P.A. 75-246; P.A. 77-614, S. 70, 71, 610; P.A. 79-565, S. 2; P.A. 83-471, S. 1, 3; P.A. 84-409, S. 1, 3; P.A. 90-119, S. 2; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 94-245, S. 8, 46; P.A. 98-250, S. 29, 39; P.A. 07-203, S. 2; P.A. 10-179, S. 34; P.A. 11-25, S. 2.)

*Note: Section 4 of public act 98-250 is special in nature and therefore has not been codified but remains in full force and effect according to its terms.

History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of finance and control and central collection division of finance and control department with commissioner and department of administrative services; P.A. 79-565 added provisions re “clean claim” payments; P.A. 83-471 added Subsec. (b) re single cost accounting system for room and board and education expenses; P.A. 84-409 added new Subsec. (c) re implementation of the cost accounting system and use of the system as the basis for the payment of reasonable expenses for room, board and education; P.A. 90-119 authorized the department of administrative services to bill to and collect from the estate of any child in the custody of the commissioner of children and youth services; Sec. 17-421a transferred to Sec. 17a-17 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-245 amended Subsec. (b) to allow the regulations to provide for the combining of procedures within the department of children and families and the department of education for administering the system including the holding of joint hearings and reviews, effective June 2, 1994; P.A. 98-250 added Subsec. (d) re cost-of-living adjustment applicability, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 07-203 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting “including his descendants’ estate” and adding proviso re collection of reimbursement from the estate or payee of a child for the cost of care of such child, effective July 10, 2007; P.A. 10-179 amended Subsec. (a) by making technical changes, amended Subsec. (b) by specifying that payments are made to treatment centers that provide on-campus educational services and added Subsec. (e) re establishment of performance-based payment system for child care facilities and reinvestment of payments, effective May 7, 2010; P.A. 11-25 made technical changes in Subsec. (b).

Sec. 17a-18. (Formerly Sec. 17-422). Receipt of grants or gifts. The Commissioner of Children and Families may accept and receive on behalf of the department or any institution or facility thereof, subject to section 4b-22, any bequest, devise or grant made to the department or to any institution or facility thereof and may hold and use such property for the purpose specified in such bequest, devise or gift.

(1969, P.A. 664, S. 16; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-20, S. 1, 4; P.A. 85-582, S. 3, 8; P.A. 89-336, S. 1, 6; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2, S. 40, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 129, 131; P.A. 03-19, S. 31; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-5, S. 24.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-20 added references to the children’s trust fund; P.A. 85-582 removed authority to accept gifts on behalf of the children’s trust fund; P.A. 89-336 added new language re the children’s trust fund; Sec. 17-422 transferred to Sec. 17a-18 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 added references to the Parent Trust Fund; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 revised effective date of June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 but without affecting this section; P.A. 03-19 made technical changes, effective May 12, 2003; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-5 removed references to Children’s Trust Fund and Parent Trust Fund, effective October 5, 2009.

Sec. 17a-19. (Formerly Sec. 17-422a). Administration of the parent-child resource system. The Commissioner of Children and Families or his designee, shall administer the parent-child resource system.

(P.A. 76-285, S. 1, 3; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2.)

History: Sec. 17-422a transferred to Sec. 17a-19 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993.

Sec. 17a-20. (Formerly Sec. 17-424). Definition of psychiatric clinic and child guidance clinic. Grant of funds. (a) For the purposes of this section, “psychiatric clinic” means an organization licensed by the Department of Children and Families and staffed by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers and such other professional, paraprofessional and clerical personnel as local circumstances may require, working in collaboration with other social service agencies, to provide mental health services that are designed to (1) effectively decrease the prevalence and incidence of mental illness, emotional disturbance and social disfunctioning, and (2) promote mental health in individuals, groups and institutions, and includes a general hospital with such clinic services. The Department of Children and Families shall develop and maintain a program of outpatient psychiatric clinics for children and youths and their families.

(b) For the purposes of this section, “child guidance clinic” means a subset of psychiatric clinics for children designated by the Department of Children and Families pursuant to this section to receive grant funds for the purpose of assisting the department to provide community-based psychiatric services for children, youths and families. In order to meet such mandate, the department shall designate a subset of outpatient psychiatric clinics for children to be known as child guidance clinics. The department shall provide grants to such child guidance clinics in accordance with the provisions of this section. Any town having a population of not less than forty thousand, as most recently determined by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, or any combination of towns with a combined population of not less than forty thousand as similarly determined, or any nonprofit corporation organized or existing for the purpose of establishing or maintaining a psychiatric clinic for children and youths or for children and youths and their families, or any clinic designated by the Department of Children and Families as of January 1, 1995, may apply to the Department of Children and Families for funds to be used to assist in establishing, maintaining or expanding a psychiatric clinic. The applications, and any grant of funds pursuant thereto, shall not be subject to the provisions of section 17a-476, except to the extent required by federal law. The department shall base any grant of funds on the services provided to children and youths under eighteen years of age and on the effectiveness of the services. No grant shall exceed two-thirds of the ordinary recurring operating expenses of the clinic, nor shall any grant be made to pay for any portion of capital expenditures for the clinic. No clinic in existence as of October 1, 1995, shall be eligible for grants of any funds under this section unless it has obtained a license within six months of the adoption of regulations under subsection (c) of this section. No clinic receiving funds under this section shall refuse services to any resident of this state solely because of his or her place of residence.

(c) The Department of Children and Families shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, defining the minimum requirements for outpatient psychiatric clinics for children to be eligible for licensure under this section in regard to (1) qualification and number of staff members, (2) clinic operation including but not limited to physical plant, governing body and recordkeeping, (3) effectiveness of services, and (4) populations targeted for priority access. The regulations shall also govern the granting of the funds to assist in establishing, maintaining and expanding psychiatric clinics. The department shall, upon payment of a fee of three hundred dollars, issue to any qualifying clinic a license that shall be in force for twenty-four months from the date of issue and shall be renewable for additional twenty-four-month periods, upon payment of a fee of three hundred dollars for each such period, provided the clinic continues to meet conditions satisfactory to the department. The department shall make available to child guidance clinics forms to be used in making application for available funds. Upon receipt of proper application, the department shall grant the funds, provided the plans for financing, the standards of operation and the effectiveness of services of the clinics are approved by the department in accordance with the provisions of this section. The grants shall be made on an annual basis.

(P.A. 75-524, S. 13, 30; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 81-85; P.A. 82-472, S. 55, 183; P.A. 86-378; P.A. 90-287, S. 1; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-349, S. 6; P.A. 06-196, S. 110.)

History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of health with commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 81-85 amended the definition of psychiatric clinic and community mental health facility to include general hospitals with psychiatric clinic services or emergency psychiatric inpatient services; P.A. 82-472 made a technical correction; P.A. 86-378 added Subsec. (b) providing a grant for at least one child guidance clinic in northern and southern Middlesex County; P.A. 90-287 required the department to define minimum grant eligibility requirements re populations targeted for priority access; Sec. 17-424 transferred to Sec. 17a-20 in 1991. P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-349 deleted references to “community mental health facility” and provisions re state assistance to towns for their establishment, amended the definition of “psychiatric clinic” and added Subsecs. (b) and (c) re child guidance clinics, replacing former Subsec. (b); P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective June 7, 2006.

Sec. 17a-21. (Formerly Sec. 17-424a). Statistical reporting on psychiatric care of children and youths. Section 17a-21 is repealed, effective July 1, 2009.

(P.A. 81-92, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 06-196, S. 111; P.A. 09-205, S. 12.)

Sec. 17a-21a. Guidelines for use and management of psychotropic medications. Database established. The Department of Children and Families shall, within available resources and with the assistance of The University of Connecticut Health Center, (1) establish guidelines for the use and management of psychotropic medications with children and youths in the care of the Department of Children and Families, and (2) establish and maintain a database to track the use of psychotropic medications with children and youths committed to the care of the Department of Children and Families.

(P.A. 04-238, S. 2; P.A. 06-196, S. 112.)

History: P.A. 06-196 made technical changes, effective June 7, 2006.

Sec. 17a-22. (Formerly Sec. 17-425). Extended day treatment programs. Grants. Definition of day treatment center. The Department of Children and Families shall develop and maintain a program of day treatment centers and extended day treatment programs for emotionally disturbed, mentally ill, behaviorally disordered or multiply handicapped children and youths. For the purposes of this section, “day treatment center” means a facility for outpatient therapy, care and training of children and youths who, after appropriate evaluation, are deemed in need of such therapy, care and training. Any nonprofit corporation organized or existing for the purpose of establishing or maintaining a day treatment center or an extended day treatment program, as defined in section 17a-147, for emotionally disturbed, mentally ill, behaviorally disordered or multiply handicapped children and youths, any hospital, any psychiatric clinic or any regional educational service center, as established in accordance with section 10-66a, may apply to the Department of Children and Families for funds to be used to assist in establishing, maintaining or expanding a day treatment center or an extended day treatment program, as defined in section 17a-147, for emotionally disturbed, mentally ill, behaviorally disordered or multiply handicapped children and youths. No grant to assist in establishing, maintaining or expanding a day treatment center or an extended day treatment program under the provisions of this section shall exceed the ordinary and recurring operating expenses of any such day treatment center or extended day treatment program, nor shall any grant be made to pay for all or any part of the capital expenditures for any such center or program. The Department of Children and Families shall (1) establish minimum eligibility requirements for the receipt of such grants in regard to qualification and number of staff members and the operation of day treatment centers and extended day treatment programs, including, but not limited to, physical plant and record keeping; (2) establish procedures to be used in making application for such funds; and (3) prescribe regulations governing the granting of funds to assist in establishing, maintaining and expanding day treatment centers and extended day treatment programs. Upon receipt of proper application and approval by said department of the plans for financing and the standards of operation of a day treatment center or extended day treatment program, said department shall authorize the payment of such grant. Any application for a grant, and any grant of funds pursuant thereto, shall not be subject to the provisions of section 17a-476, except to the extent required by federal law.

(P.A. 75-524, S. 14, 30; P.A. 79-122; P.A. 90-290, S. 2; P.A. 91-268, S. 3, 4; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 03-278, S. 53; P.A. 06-196, S. 113.)

History: P.A. 79-122 allowed regional educational service centers to apply for funds for day treatment center; P.A. 90-290 changed “day treatment center” to “extended day treatment program”, deleted “autistic” from definition of the term and added reference to behaviorally disordered or multiply handicapped children and youths; Sec. 17-425 transferred to Sec. 17a-22 in 1991; P.A. 91-268 extended the provisions of the section to day treatment centers and defined day treatment centers; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 03-278 made technical changes, effective July 9, 2003; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes, effective June 7, 2006.

Sec. 17a-22a. Connecticut Community KidCare. Requirements. Memorandum of understanding for joint administration. Consultation during development. Federal waivers or amendments. (a) The Commissioner of Social Services and the Commissioner of Children and Families shall, within available appropriations, develop and administer an integrated behavioral health service delivery system to be known as Connecticut Community KidCare. Said system shall provide services to children and youths with behavioral health needs who are in the custody of the Department of Children and Families, who are eligible to receive services from the HUSKY Plan, Part A or the federally subsidized portion of Part B, or receive services under the voluntary services program operated by the Department of Children and Families. All necessary changes to the IV-E, Title XIX and Title XXI state plans shall be made to maximize federal financial participation. The Commissioner of Social Services may amend the state Medicaid plan to facilitate the claiming of federal reimbursement for private nonmedical institutions as defined in the Social Security Act. The Commissioner of Social Services may implement policies and procedures necessary to provide reimbursement for the services provided by private nonmedical institutions, as defined in 42 CFR Part 434, while in the process of adopting such policies and procedures in regulation form, provided the commissioner prints notice of intention to adopt the regulations in the Connecticut Law Journal within twenty days of implementing such policies and procedures. Policies and procedures implemented pursuant to this subsection shall be valid until the time such regulations are effective.

(b) Connecticut Community KidCare shall, within available appropriations, provide a comprehensive benefit package of behavioral health specialty services. The HUSKY Plan shall continue to provide primary behavioral health services and may provide additional behavioral health services to be determined by the Department of Social Services and shall assure an integration of such services with the behavioral health services provided by Connecticut Community KidCare.

(c) Connecticut Community KidCare shall include: (1) A system of care model in which service planning is based on the needs and preferences of the child or youth and his or her family and that places an emphasis on early identification, prevention and treatment; (2) a comprehensive behavioral health program with a flexible benefit package that shall include clinically necessary and appropriate home and community-based treatment services and comprehensive support services in the least restrictive setting; (3) community-based care planning and service delivery, including services and supports for children from birth through early childhood that link Connecticut Community KidCare to the early childhood community and promote emotional wellness; (4) comprehensive children and youth behavioral health training for agency and system staff and interested parents and guardians; (5) an efficient balance of local participation and state-wide administration; (6) integration of agency funding to support the benefit package; (7) a performance measurement system for monitoring quality and access; (8) accountability for quality, access and cost; (9) elimination of the major gaps in services and barriers to access services; (10) a system of care that is family-focused with respect for the legal rights of the child or youth and his or her parents and provides training, support and family advocacy services; (11) assurances of timely payment of service claims; (12) assurances that no child or youth shall be disenrolled or inappropriately discharged due to behavioral health care needs; and (13) identification of youths in need of transition services to adult systems.

(d) The Commissioner of Social Services and the Commissioner of Children and Families shall enter into a memorandum of understanding for the purpose of the joint administration of Connecticut Community KidCare. Such memorandum of understanding shall establish mechanisms to administer funding for, establish standards for and monitor implementation of Connecticut Community KidCare and specify that (1) the Department of Social Services, which is the agency designated as the single state agency for the administration of the Medicaid program pursuant to Title XIX of the Social Security Act and is the agency responsible for the administration of the HUSKY Plan, Part B under Title XXI of the Social Security Act, manage all Medicaid and HUSKY Plan modifications, waiver amendments, federal reporting and claims processing and provide financial management, and (2) the Department of Children and Families, which is the state agency responsible for administering and evaluating a comprehensive and integrated state-wide program of services for children and youths with behavioral health needs, define the services to be included in the continuum of care and develop state-wide training programs for providers, families and other persons.

(e) Said commissioners shall consult with the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services, the Commissioner of Developmental Services, the Commissioner of Public Health and the Commissioner of Education during the development of Connecticut Community KidCare in order to (1) ensure coordination of a delivery system of behavioral health services across the life span of children, youths and adults with behavioral health needs, (2) maximize federal reimbursement and revenue, and (3) ensure the coordination of care and funding among agencies.

(f) The Commissioner of Social Services and the Commissioner of Children and Families may apply for any federal waivers or waiver amendments necessary to implement the provisions of this section.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-2, S. 3, 53; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2, S. 43, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 129, 131; P.A. 03-19, S. 32, 33; P.A. 06-196, S. 114, 115; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b).)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-2 effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 made substantial revisions to section and amended Subsec. (a) to delete former criteria provisions and require, within available appropriations, the development and administration of an integrated behavioral health service delivery system known as Connecticut Community KidCare, to specify the children and youth who are eligible for services, to authorize Commissioner of Social Services to amend state Medicaid plan to facilitate the claiming of federal reimbursement for private nonmedical institutions and to authorize said commissioner to implement policies and procedures necessary to provide reimbursement for services provided by such institutions while in process of adopting such policies and procedures in regulation form, added new Subsec. (b) re services provided by Connecticut Community KidCare and the HUSKY Plan and the integration of such services, added new Subsec. (c) specifying thirteen elements Connecticut Community KidCare shall include, redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (d), substituting “Connecticut Community KidCare” for “integrated behavioral health service delivery system”, deleting reference to “combined” funding and training programs “on the systems of care approach”, adding in Subdiv. (1) language that Department of Social Services is the agency responsible for the administration of HUSKY Plan and substituting in Subdiv. (2) “with behavioral health needs” for “who are seriously emotionally disturbed”, deleted former Subsecs. (c) and (d), amended Subsec. (e) to require commissioners to also consult with the Commissioners of Public Health and Education, to substitute “Connecticut Community KidCare” for “the integrated behavioral health service delivery system”, to insert three new Subdiv. designators and add new language in Subdiv. (2) to maximize federal reimbursement and revenue and in Subdiv. (3) to ensure the coordination of care and funding among agencies, and amended Subsec. (f) to authorize commissioners to apply for any waiver amendments necessary, effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 revised effective date of June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 but without affecting this section; P.A. 03-19 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (d), effective May 12, 2003; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsecs. (a), (d) and (e), effective June 7, 2006; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 “Commissioner of Mental Retardation” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Developmental Services”, effective October 1, 2007.

Sec. 17a-22b. Local needs assessment by community collaborative. Lead service agencies to coordinate care of children and youths enrolled in Connecticut Community KidCare. Community collaborative composition and responsibilities. (a) Each community collaborative shall, within available appropriations, (1) complete a local needs assessment which shall include objectives and performance measures, (2) specify the number of children and youths requiring behavioral health services, and (3) specify the number of children and youths actually receiving community-based and residential services and the type and frequency of such services. Each community collaborative shall submit its local needs assessment to the Commissioner of Children and Families and the Commissioner of Social Services.

(b) The regional offices of the Department of Children and Families shall contract with lead service agencies, within available appropriations, to coordinate the care of all children and youths enrolled in Connecticut Community KidCare residing within their designated catchment areas, including children and youths with complex behavioral health service needs. The lead service agencies shall employ or subcontract for the employment of care coordinators to assist families in establishing and implementing individual service plans for children and youths with complex behavioral health service needs and to improve clinical outcomes and cost effectiveness. Parents shall be afforded a choice of contracted providers for authorized services.

(c) Each community collaborative may establish the number of members and the type of representatives to ensure that the membership of such collaborative is appropriately balanced. The chief elected officers of municipalities served by a community collaborative may designate a member to serve as a representative of the chief elected officials. A community collaborative, at a minimum, shall consist of representatives from the local or regional board of education, special education program, youth services bureau, local departments of social services and public health, representatives from private organizations serving children and youths and a substantial number of parents of children and youths with behavioral health needs. A community collaborative shall participate in the regional advisory councils established under section 17a-30, provide outreach to community resources, coordinate behavioral health services by forming, with the consent of the family, child specific teams for children and youths with complex behavioral health service needs, conduct community need assessments to identify service gaps and service barriers, identify priority investment areas for the state and lead service agencies and provide public education and support. A community collaborative shall establish a governance structure, determine membership and identify or establish a fiscal agent.

(d) The Commissioner of Children and Families and the Commissioner of Social Services shall, within available appropriations, provide or arrange for the administrative services necessary to operate Connecticut Community KidCare.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-2, S. 4, 53; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2, S. 44, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 129, 131; P.A. 05-246, S. 4; P.A. 06-196, S. 116; P.A. 09-205, S. 6; P.A. 11-105, S. 7.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-2 effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 made substantial revisions to section, deleting an obsolete reference and designating existing provisions as Subsec. (a), amended Subsec. (a) by substituting “community collaborative” for “local system of care”, substituting in Subdiv. (1) “performance” for “outcome”, adding in Subdivs. (2) and (3) references to “youth”, and deleting the definition of “local system of care”, added Subsec. (b) re regional offices of department and lead service agencies, added Subsec. (c) re composition of a community collaborative and responsibilities of such collaborative, and added Subsec. (d) re Commissioners of Children and Families and Social Services providing or arranging for administrative services necessary to operate Connecticut Community KidCare, effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 revised effective date of June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 but without affecting this section; P.A. 05-246 changed “regional offices” to “area offices” in Subsec. (b) and “regional advisory councils” to “area advisory councils” in Subsec. (c), effective July 8, 2005; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a), (b) and (c), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 09-205 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting former Subdiv. (4) re completion of annual self-evaluation process and review of discharge summaries, effective July 1, 2009; P.A. 11-105 amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) by replacing “area” with “regional”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 17a-22c. Performance measures for Connecticut Community KidCare. Curricula and training. (a) The Commissioner of Children and Families and the Commissioner of Social Services shall establish performance measures in the areas of finance, administration, utilization, client satisfaction, quality and access for Connecticut Community KidCare.

(b) The Commissioner of Children and Families shall develop and implement, within available appropriations, culturally appropriate and competency-based curricula including best practices for the care of children and youths with, or at risk of, behavioral health needs and offer training to all willing persons involved in Connecticut Community KidCare, including, but not limited to, employees in education and child care and appropriate employees within the judicial system.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2, S. 46, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 129, 131; P.A. 06-196, S. 117; P.A. 09-205, S. 9.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 revised effective date of June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 but without affecting this section; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsecs. (b) and (c), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 09-205 deleted former Subsec. (c) re 5-year independent longitudinal evaluation, effective July 1, 2009.

Sec. 17a-22d. Establishment of organization with regional local chapters to provide family-to-family support, family advocates and assistance with individual service plan process and to encourage participation in Connecticut Community KidCare planning. The Commissioner of Children and Families may, within available appropriations, provide financial assistance for the establishment of an organization, with local chapters in each region served by the Department of Children and Families, that shall provide family-to-family support and family advocates for children, youths and their families, and when requested by the family, assist the family with the individual service plan process and otherwise encourage active family participation in treatment and Connecticut Community KidCare planning. Such organization shall assure that families have input into the development and implementation of their individual service plans, including those established pursuant to section 17a-127, and into policy and planning for, and the implementation and evaluation of, Connecticut Community KidCare.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2, S. 47, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 129, 131; P.A. 03-19, S. 34; P.A. 05-246, S. 5; P.A. 06-196, S. 118; P.A. 11-105, S. 8.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 revised effective date of June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 but without affecting this section; P.A. 03-19 made technical changes, effective May 12, 2003; P.A. 05-246 changed “region” to “area”, effective July 8, 2005; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change, effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 11-105 replaced “area” with “region”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 17a-22e. Reports re implementation of Connecticut Community KidCare to General Assembly. Section 17a-22e is repealed, effective July 1, 2005.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2, S. 48, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 129, 131; P.A. 05-246, S. 6; 05-280, S. 104.)

Sec. 17a-22f. Behavioral health services. Contract with administrative services organizations. Clinical management. Policies, procedures and regulations. (a) The Commissioner of Social Services may, with regard to the provision of behavioral health services provided pursuant to a state plan under Title XIX or Title XXI of the Social Security Act, or under the Charter Oak Health Plan: (1) Contract with one or more administrative services organizations to provide clinical management, provider network development and other administrative services; (2) delegate responsibility to the Department of Children and Families for the clinical management portion of such administrative contract or contracts that pertain to HUSKY Plan Parts A and B, and other children, adolescents and families served by the Department of Children and Families; and (3) delegate responsibility to the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services for the clinical management portion of such administrative contract or contracts that pertain to Medicaid recipients who are not enrolled in HUSKY Plan Part A and recipients enrolled in the Charter Oak Health Plan.

(b) For purposes of this section, the term “clinical management” describes the process of evaluating and determining the appropriateness of the utilization of behavioral health services and providing assistance to clinicians or beneficiaries to ensure appropriate use of resources and may include, but is not limited to, authorization, concurrent and retrospective review, discharge review, quality management, provider certification and provider performance enhancement. The Commissioners of Social Services, Children and Families, and Mental Health and Addiction Services shall jointly develop clinical management policies and procedures. The Department of Social Services may implement policies and procedures necessary to carry out the purposes of this section, including any necessary changes to existing behavioral health policies and procedures concerning utilization management, while in the process of adopting such policies and procedures in regulation form, provided the Commissioner of Social Services publishes notice of intention to adopt the regulations in the Connecticut Law Journal within twenty days of implementing such policies and procedures. Policies and procedures implemented pursuant to this subsection shall be valid until the time such regulations are adopted.

(May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7, S. 58; P.A. 05-280, S. 94; P.A. 06-196, S. 204; P.A. 10-119, S. 3.)

History: May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7 effective August 15, 2002; P.A. 05-280 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to add provider network development and Subsec. (a)(2) to eliminate limitation on delegation of clinical management portion of administrative contract to Department of Children and Families to that pertaining to children under 18 years of age or individuals otherwise receiving behavioral health services from department, and amended Subsec. (b) to extend time period during which policies and procedures are valid if not adopted as regulations to December 31, 2006, from December 1, 2003, effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 10-119 amended Subsec. (a) by adding “or under the Charter Oak Health Plan”, by changing “an administrative services organization” to “one or more administrative services organizations” in Subdiv. (1), by adding “contracts that pertain to HUSKY Plan Parts A and B, and other children, adolescents and families served by the Department of Children and Families” in Subdiv. (2) and by adding Subdiv. (3) re delegation of duties to Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, and amended Subsec. (b) by adding “Mental Health and Addiction Services”, by removing December 31, 2006, re regulations adoption date and by making technical changes, effective June 7, 2010.

Sec. 17a-22g. Connecticut Community KidCare. Disclosure of case-specific information. Limitations. (a) The Judicial Branch and each state agency, community-based program, organization or individual that provides behavioral health or substance abuse prevention and treatment programs that are operated, funded or licensed by the Department of Children and Families pursuant to sections 17a-20, 17a-114, 17a-145, 17a-147, 17a-149, 17a-151, 17a-152 and 17a-154 shall provide case specific information to the department for purposes directly connected with the administration of Connecticut Community KidCare in such form and manner as the department requests. The provisions of this section shall be subject to the confidentiality requirements as set forth in applicable federal law.

(b) No person shall solicit, disclose, receive or make use of, or authorize, knowingly permit, participate in or acquiesce in the use of, any list of the names of, or any information concerning, persons applying for or receiving assistance under the Connecticut Community KidCare program, directly or indirectly derived from the records, papers, files or communications of the state or its subdivisions or agencies, or acquired in the course of the performance of official duties. The Commissioner of Children and Families shall disclose case-specific information to any authorized representative of the Commissioner of Social Services for purposes directly connected with the administration of Connecticut Community KidCare. No such representative shall disclose any information obtained pursuant to this section, except as specified in this section.

(May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7, S. 59.)

History: May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7 effective August 15, 2002.

Sec. 17a-22h. Behavioral Health Partnership. Development and implementation. (a) The Commissioners of Social Services, Children and Families, and Mental Health and Addiction Services shall develop and implement an integrated behavioral health service system for HUSKY Plan Parts A and B members and children enrolled in the voluntary services program operated by the Department of Children and Families and may, at the discretion of the commissioners, include: (1) Other children, adolescents and families served by the Department of Children and Families or the Court Support Services Division of the Judicial Branch; (2) Medicaid recipients who are not enrolled in HUSKY Plan Part A; and (3) Charter Oak Health Plan members. The integrated behavioral health service system shall be known as the Behavioral Health Partnership. The Behavioral Health Partnership shall seek to increase access to quality behavioral health services by: (A) Expanding individualized, family-centered and community-based services; (B) maximizing federal revenue to fund behavioral health services; (C) reducing unnecessary use of institutional and residential services for children and adults; (D) capturing and investing enhanced federal revenue and savings derived from reduced residential services and increased community-based services for HUSKY Plan Parts A and B recipients; (E) improving administrative oversight and efficiencies; and (F) monitoring individual outcomes and provider performance, taking into consideration the acuity of the patients served by each provider, and overall program performance.

(b) The Behavioral Health Partnership shall operate in accordance with the financial requirements specified in this subsection. Prior to the conversion of any grant-funded services to a rate-based, fee-for-service payment system, the Department of Social Services, the Department of Children and Families and the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services shall submit documentation verifying that the proposed rates seek to cover the reasonable cost of providing services to the Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council, established pursuant to section 17a-22j.

(P.A. 05-280, S. 92; P.A. 10-43, S. 10; 10-119, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 10-43 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize inclusion of children, adolescents and families served by Court Support Services Division of Judicial Branch and make a technical change, effective May 18, 2010; P.A. 10-119 amended Subsec. (a) by adding Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services re development and implementation of system, by providing that Medicaid recipients who are not enrolled in HUSKY Plan, Part A and Charter Oak Health Plan members may be included in system at discretion of commissioners and by making conforming and technical changes and amended Subsec. (b) by adding Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services re submission of proposed rate documentation, effective June 7, 2010.

Sec. 17a-22i. Designation of directors for Behavioral Health Partnership. Memoranda of understanding re activities of administrative services organizations. (a) The Commissioners of Children and Families, Social Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services shall each designate a director for the Behavioral Health Partnership. Each director shall coordinate the responsibilities of his or her department, within the statutory authority of each department, for the planning, development, administration and evaluation of the activities specified under subsection (a) of section 17a-22h to increase access to quality behavioral health services.

(b) The departments shall direct the activities of administrative services organizations retained in accordance with section 17a-22f, under terms established in memoranda of understanding, in the development of a community system of care to:

(1) Alleviate hospital emergency department overcrowding;

(2) Reduce unnecessary admissions and lengths of stay in hospitals and residential treatment settings;

(3) Increase availability of outpatient services; and

(4) Promote a community-based, recovery-oriented system of care.

(P.A. 05-280, S. 93; P.A. 10-119, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 10-119 amended Subsec. (a) by adding Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services re designation of director and amended Subsec. (b) by changing “organization” to “organizations”, changing “memorandum” to “memoranda”, adding Subdiv. (4) re promotion of community-based, recovery-oriented system of care and making technical changes, effective June 7, 2010.

Sec. 17a-22j. Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council. Members. Duties. (a) There is established a Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council which shall advise the Commissioners of Children and Families, Social Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services on the planning and implementation of the Behavioral Health Partnership.

(b) The council shall consist of the following members:

(1) Four appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives; two of whom are representatives of general or specialty psychiatric hospitals; one of whom is an adult with a psychiatric disability; and one of whom is an advocate for adults with psychiatric disabilities;

(2) Four appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate, two of whom are parents of children who have a behavioral health disorder or have received child protection or juvenile justice services from the Department of Children and Families; one of whom has expertise in health policy and evaluation; and one of whom is an advocate for children with behavioral health disorders;

(3) Two appointed by the majority leader of the House of Representatives; one of whom is a primary care provider serving adults or children in the Medicaid program; and one of whom is a child psychiatrist serving children pursuant to the HUSKY Plan;

(4) Two appointed by the majority leader of the Senate; one of whom is an advocate for adults with substance use disorders; and one of whom is a representative of school-based health clinics;

(5) Two appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives; one of whom is a provider of community-based psychiatric services for adults; and one of whom is a provider of residential treatment for children;

(6) Two appointed by the minority leader of the Senate one of whom is a provider of community-based services for children with behavioral health problems and one of whom is a member of the Council on Medical Assistance Program Oversight;

(7) Four appointed by the Governor; two of whom are representatives of general or specialty psychiatric hospitals and two of whom are parents of children who have a behavioral health disorder or have received child protection or juvenile justice services from the Department of Children and Families;

(8) The chairpersons and ranking members of the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to human services, public health and appropriations and the budgets of state agencies, or their designees;

(9) Four appointed by the chairpersons of the Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council; one of whom is a representative of a home health care agency providing behavioral health services; one of whom is a provider of substance use disorder treatment services; one of whom is an adult in recovery from a psychiatric disability; and one of whom is a parent or family member of an adult with a serious behavioral health disorder;

(10) Eight nonvoting ex-officio members, one each appointed by the Commissioner of Social Services, the Commissioner of Children and Families, the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services, the Commissioner of Developmental Services and the Commissioner of Education to represent his or her department, one appointed by the Chief Court Administrator of the Judicial Branch to represent the Court Support Services Division and one each appointed by the State Comptroller and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management to represent said offices; and

(11) One representative from each administrative services organization under contract with the Department of Social Services to provide such services for recipients of assistance under Medicaid, HUSKY Plan, Part A and Part B and the Charter Oak Health Plan, to be nonvoting ex-officio members.

(c) All appointments to the council shall be made no later than July 1, 2005. Any vacancy shall be filled by the appointing authority.

(d) On or after July 1, 2010, the members of the Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council shall select the chairpersons of the council from among the members of the council. Such chairpersons shall convene the first meeting of the council, which shall be held not later than August 1, 2005. The council shall meet not less than six times a year thereafter.

(e) The Joint Committee on Legislative Management shall provide administrative support to the chairpersons and assistance in convening the council’s meetings.

(f) The council shall make specific recommendations on matters related to the planning and implementation of the Behavioral Health Partnership which shall include, but not be limited to: (1) Review of any contracts entered into by the Departments of Children and Families, Social Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services with any administrative services organizations, to assure that the administrative services organization’s decisions are based solely on clinical management criteria developed by the clinical management committee established in section 17a-22k; (2) review of behavioral health services pursuant to Title XIX and Title XXI of the Social Security Act to assure that federal revenue is being maximized; (3) review of behavioral health services under the Charter Oak Health Plan; and (4) review of periodic reports on the program activities, finances and outcomes, including reports from the director of the Behavioral Health Partnership on achievement of service delivery system goals, pursuant to section 17a-22i. The council may conduct or cause to be conducted an external, independent evaluation of the Behavioral Health Partnership.

(P.A. 05-280, S. 95; P.A. 06-188, S. 28, 29; P.A. 08-95, S. 1; P.A. 10-43, S. 11; 10-119, S. 4; 10-179, S. 71; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1, S. 46, 63; P.A. 11-44, S. 168.)

History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 06-188 amended Subsec. (b) to increase the number of nonvoting ex-officio members from four to seven and provide for appointment of the additional members by the Commissioner of Education, the State Comptroller and the Office of Health Care Access in Subdiv. (5), to add new Subdiv. (6) authorizing chairpersons of council to appoint one or more consumers to the council and to redesignate existing Subdiv. (6) as Subdiv. (7), and amended Subsec. (c) to allow for appointment of additional consumers to council after July 1, 2005; P.A. 08-95 amended Subsec. (b) by adding new Subdivs. (1) to (6) transferring council membership appointment authority from chairpersons of advisory council on Medicaid managed care to legislative leaders of General Assembly, by adding new Subdiv. (7) providing Governor with authority to appoint four members to the council, by renumbering existing Subdivs. (1) to (3) and (5) to (7) as Subdivs. (8) to (13) and by deleting former Subdiv. (4); P.A. 10-43 amended Subsec. (b) to make a technical change in Subdiv. (8) and to increase from 7 to 8 the number of nonvoting ex-officio members, authorize 1 member to be appointed by Chief Court Administrator of Judicial Branch to represent Court Support Services Division and make technical changes in Subdiv. (11), effective May 18, 2010; P.A. 10-119 amended Subsec. (a) by adding “and Mental Health and Addiction Services”, amended Subsec. (b) by substituting “adults or children in the Medicaid program” for “children pursuant to the HUSKY Plan” in Subdiv. (3), deleting “either an adult with a substance use disorder or” in Subdiv. (4), substituting “psychiatric” for “behavioral health” in Subdiv. (5), deleting former Subdivs. (9) and (10), adding new Subdiv. (9) re 4 members appointed by chairpersons of Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council, redesignating existing Subdiv. (11) as new Subdiv. (10) and adding Commissioner of Developmental Services therein, deleting former Subdiv. (12) and redesignating existing Subdiv. (13) as new Subdiv. (11), amended Subsec. (c) by deleting provision re chairpersons’ authority to appoint additional consumers to council, amended Subsec. (d) by substituting “not less than six times a year” for “at least monthly” re council meetings, amended Subsec. (f) by adding “Mental Health and Addiction Services”, changing “contract” to “contracts” and changing “administrative services organization” to “administrative services organizations” in Subdiv. (1), adding new Subdiv. (3) re review of behavioral health services under Charter Oak Health Plan and redesignating existing Subdiv. (3) as Subdiv. (4) and deleted former Subsec. (g) re annual report, effective June 7, 2010; P.A. 10-179 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting provision re appointment of member of advisory council on Medicaid managed care in Subdiv. (6), by deleting provision re appointment by Office of Health Care Access of ex-officio member in Subdiv. (11) and by replacing provision re appointment of representatives from Medicaid managed care organizations with provision re appointment of representatives of certain administrative services organizations in Subdiv. (13), amended Subsec. (d) by replacing provision re chairpersons of advisory council on Medicaid managed care to select council’s chairpersons from among members of Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council with provision re members of Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council to select chairpersons from among members of council, effective July 1, 2010; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing “one” with “two” re number of appointments to council by Senate minority leader and requiring 1 of the appointees to be member of advisory council on Medicaid care management oversight in Subdiv. (6) and by making a technical change in Subdiv. (10), effective July 1, 2010; P.A. 11-44 amended Subsec. (b)(6) by replacing “advisory council on Medicaid care management oversight” with “Council on Medical Assistance Program Oversight”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 17a-22k. Behavioral Health Partnership clinical management committee. Established. Members. There is established a clinical management committee to develop clinical management guidelines to be used for the Behavioral Health Partnership. The committee shall consist of two members selected by the Commissioner of Children and Families, two members selected by the Commissioner of Social Services, two members selected by the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services and two members selected by the Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council, established pursuant to section 17a-22j. Members of the committee shall have requisite expertise or experience in behavioral health services.

(P.A. 05-280, S. 96; P.A. 10-119, S. 5.)

History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 10-119 changed “one member” to “two members” re selection by Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective June 7, 2010.

Sec. 17a-22l. Consumer and provider appeal procedures. The Departments of Children and Families, Social Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services shall develop consumer and provider appeal procedures and shall submit such procedures to the Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council for review and comment. Such procedures shall include, but not be limited to, procedures for a consumer or any provider acting on behalf of a consumer to appeal a denial or determination. The Departments of Children and Families, Social Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services shall establish time frames for appealing decisions made by an administrative services organization, including an expedited review in emergency situations. Any procedure for appeals shall require that an appeal be heard not later than thirty days after such appeal is filed and shall be decided not later than forty-five days after such appeal is filed.

(P.A. 05-280, S. 97; P.A. 06-188, S. 30; P.A. 10-119, S. 6.)

History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-188 required development of consumer and provider appeal procedures, instead of consumer grievance procedures, that include procedures for a consumer or provider to appeal a denial or determination; P.A. 10-119 added “and Mental Health and Addiction Services” and made technical changes, effective June 7, 2010.

Sec. 17a-22m. Annual evaluation of Behavioral Health Partnership. Report to General Assembly. The Commissioners of Children and Families, Social Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services shall conduct an annual evaluation of the Behavioral Health Partnership and shall report, in accordance with section 11-4a, to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies, public health and human services on the provision of behavioral health services under the Behavioral Health Partnership, including information on the status of any administrative services organization implementation, the status of the collaboration among the Departments of Children and Families, Social Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services, the services provided, the number of persons served, program outcomes and spending by child and adult populations.

(P.A. 05-280, S. 98; P.A. 10-119, S. 7.)

History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 10-119 deleted “On or before October 1, 2006, and annually thereafter, the”, added “and Mental Health and Addiction Services” and made technical changes, effective June 7, 2010.

Sec. 17a-22n. Monitoring implementation of the Behavioral Health Partnership. Annual report to General Assembly. The Departments of Children and Families and Mental Health and Addiction Services shall monitor the implementation of the Behavioral Health Partnership and shall report annually to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to human services, public health and appropriations and the budgets of state agencies as to estimated cost savings, if any, resulting from implementation of the Behavioral Health Partnership.

(P.A. 05-280, S. 99; P.A. 10-119, S. 8.)

History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 10-119 changed “Department” to “Departments”, added “and Mental Health and Addiction Services” and made a technical change, effective June 7, 2010.

Sec. 17a-22o. Behavioral Health Partnership rate setting. Review by Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council. The Departments of Children and Families, Social Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services shall submit all proposals for initial rates, reductions to existing rates and changes in rate methodology within the Behavioral Health Partnership to the Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council for review. If the council does not recommend acceptance, it may forward its recommendation to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health, human services and appropriations and the budgets of state agencies. In the event the council forwards its recommendation to said joint standing committees: (1) The committees shall hold a joint public hearing on the subject of the proposed rates, to receive the partnership’s rationale for making such a rate change; and (2) not later than ninety days after the date of submission of rates by the departments to the council, the committees of cognizance shall make recommendations to the departments regarding the proposed rates. The departments shall make every effort to incorporate recommendations of both the council and the committees of cognizance when setting rates.

(P.A. 05-280, S. 100; P.A. 10-119, S. 9.)

History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 10-119 deleted former Subsec. (a) re establishment of initial rates, deleted Subsec. designator from existing Subsec. (b) and amended same to provide that Departments of Children and Families, Social Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services shall submit all proposals re rates to Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council for review and to make conforming and technical changes, effective June 7, 2010.

Sec. 17a-22p. Use of administrative services organizations for Behavioral Health Partnership. Services to be provided. Coordination of benefits. (a) The Departments of Children and Families, Social Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services shall enter into one or more joint contracts or agreements with an administrative services organization or organizations to perform eligibility verification, utilization management, intensive care management, quality management, coordination of medical and behavioral health services, provider network development and management, recipient and provider services and reporting.

(b) Claims under the Behavioral Health Partnership shall be paid by the Department of Social Services’ Medicaid management information systems vendor, except that the Department of Children and Families and the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services may, at their discretion, continue to use existing claims payment systems.

(c) Administrative services organizations shall authorize services, based solely on guidelines established by the clinical management committee, established pursuant to section 17a-22k. Administrative services organizations may make exceptions to the guidelines when requested by a member, or the member’s legal guardian or service provider, and determined by the administrative services organization to be in the best interest of the member. Decisions regarding the interpretation of such guidelines shall be made by the Departments of Children and Families, Social Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services. No administrative services organization shall have any financial incentive to approve, deny or reduce services. Administrative services organizations shall ensure that service providers and persons seeking services have timely access to program information and timely responses to inquiries, including inquiries concerning the clinical guidelines for services.

(d) The administrative services organization for HUSKY Plan Parts A and B shall provide or arrange for on-site assistance to facilitate the appropriate placement, as soon as practicable, of children with behavioral health diagnoses who the administrative services organization knows to have been in an emergency department for over forty-eight hours. The administrative services organization shall provide or arrange for on-site assistance to arrange for the discharge or appropriate placement, as soon as practicable, for children who the administrative services organization knows to have remained in an inpatient hospital unit for more than five days longer than is medically necessary, as agreed by the administrative services organization and the hospital.

(e) The Departments of Children and Families, Social Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services shall develop, in consultation with the Behavioral Health Partnership, a comprehensive plan for monitoring the performance of administrative services organizations which shall include data on service authorizations, individual outcomes, appeals, outreach and accessibility, comments from program participants compiled from written surveys and face-to-face interviews.

(f) The Behavioral Health Partnership shall establish policies to coordinate benefits received under the partnership with other benefits received under Medicaid. Such policies shall specify a coordinated delivery of both physical and behavioral health care. The policies shall be submitted to the Behavioral Health Partnership Oversight Council for review and comment.

(P.A. 05-280, S. 101; P.A. 10-119, S. 10; 10-179, S. 72.)

History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 10-119 amended Subsec. (a) by adding “and Mental Health and Addiction Services”, substituting “into one or more joint contracts or agreements” for “a joint contract”, adding “or organizations” and deleting provision re commencing activities, amended Subsec. (b) by adding “and the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services” and making a technical change, amended Subsecs. (c) and (e) by substituting “administrative services organizations” for “administrative services organization” and adding “and Mental Health and Addiction Services”, amended Subsec. (d) by adding “for HUSKY Plan Parts A and B” and amended Subsec. (f) by adding provision re coordination of benefits with those received through entity that contracts with Department of Social Services for management of medical benefits for persons covered by Medicaid or Charter Oak Health Plan, effective June 7, 2010; P.A. 10-179 amended Subsec. (f) by replacing provisions re benefits received through Medicaid managed care organizations with provision re other benefits received under Medicaid, effective July 1, 2010.

Sec. 17a-22q. Certification of providers of behavioral health Medicaid Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment Services and rehabilitation services for HUSKY Plan Part A. The Commissioner of Children and Families shall have the authority to certify providers of behavioral health Medicaid Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment Services and rehabilitation services for HUSKY Plan Part A for the purpose of coverage of Medicaid Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment Services or optional rehabilitation services. The Commissioner of Children and Families may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, for purposes of certification of such providers. The commissioner may implement policies and procedures for purposes of such certification while in the process of adopting such policies or procedures in regulation form, provided notice of intention to adopt the regulations is printed in the Connecticut Law Journal not later than twenty days after implementation and any such policies and procedures shall be valid until the time the regulations are effective.

(P.A. 05-280, S. 102; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3, S. 103.)

History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 1, 2005; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3 changed “early periodic screening, detection and treatment” to “Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment Services”, effective July 1, 2005.

Secs. 17a-22r to 17a-22z. Reserved for future use.

Sec. 17a-22aa. Availability of flexible emergency funding for children with psychiatric disabilities. The Commissioner of Children and Families, in consultation with the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services, shall, within available appropriations, maintain the availability of flexible emergency funding for children with psychiatric disabilities who are not under the supervision of the Department of Children and Families.

(P.A. 05-280, S. 87; P.A. 11-215, S. 7.)

History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 11-215 deleted requirement that commissioner consult with Community Mental Health Strategy Board.

Sec. 17a-23. (Formerly Sec. 17-427). High Meadows. Function; age limits. Section 17a-23 is repealed.

(P.A. 75-524, S. 16, 30; P.A. 76-19, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-216, S. 8.)

Sec. 17a-24. (Formerly Sec. 17-428). Regulation of motor vehicles and roadways by superintendents of institutions. The superintendent of any institution in the Department of Children and Families, subject to the approval of the Commissioner of Children and Families and the Office of the State Traffic Administration, may: (1) Prohibit, limit, restrict or regulate the parking of vehicles; (2) determine speed limits; (3) install stop signs; (4) restrict roads or portions thereof to one-way traffic; (5) designate the location of crosswalks on any portion of any road or highway upon the grounds of the respective institutions; and (6) erect and maintain signs designating such prohibitions or restrictions. Security officers or institutional patrolmen appointed to act as state policemen on state institution grounds under the provisions of section 29-18, may arrest or issue summons for violation of such regulations, restrictions or prohibitions. Any person who fails to comply with any such prohibition or restriction shall be fined not more than five dollars, and the court or traffic or parking authority having jurisdiction of traffic or parking violations in the town in which the institution is located shall have jurisdiction of violations of this section.

(P.A. 75-524, S. 17, 30; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 11-256, S. 4; P.A. 12-132, S. 43.)

History: Sec. 17-428 transferred to Sec. 17a-24 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 11-256 added provision re installation of stop signs, inserted numeric Subdiv. designators and made technical changes; P.A. 12-132 replaced “State Traffic Commission” with “Office of the State Traffic Administration”, effective July 1, 2012.

Cited. 221 C. 447.

Sec. 17a-25. (Formerly Sec. 17-429). Superintendents and directors of facilities. Qualifications, responsibilities and duties. (a) Except as otherwise provided, the Commissioner of Children and Families shall appoint and remove the superintendents and directors of state-operated facilities within the Department of Children and Families. Each superintendent or director shall be a qualified person with experience in health, hospital or children’s services administration.

(b) Each superintendent or director shall be the administrative head of his respective institution or division and shall be responsible for the organization of its work and for the direction and coordination of its various activities. He shall appoint all members of the staff subject to the approval of the commissioner and in accordance with the general statutes.

(c) Each superintendent or director shall cooperate and coordinate with community programs in establishing the facility’s policies and procedures concerning program planning and development, patient admissions, rehabilitation and follow-up services.

(P.A. 75-524, S. 18, 30; P.a. 93-91, S. 1, 2.)

History: Sec. 17-429 transferred to Sec. 17a-25 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993.

Sec. 17a-26. (Formerly Sec. 17-430). Use of federal funds available for services to children. The Commissioners of Mental Health and Addiction Services and Children and Families shall insure that any federal funds available to this state for services of any kind to children which, pursuant to federal statute or regulation, are required to be administered by or payable to or under control of the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, shall, by purchase of service or otherwise, be transferred to and expended by the Department of Children and Families.

(P.A. 75-524, S. 19, 30; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-257, S. 11, 58.)

History: Sec. 17-430 transferred to Sec. 17a-26 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Mental Health with Commissioner and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995.

Sec. 17a-27. (Formerly Sec. 17-372). Investment and use of the Connecticut Juvenile Training School donation fund. (a) The Commissioner of Children and Families after consultation with the Council on Children and Families is authorized to invest the donation fund of the Connecticut Juvenile Training School held by said institution in accordance with the provisions of the statutes relating to the investment of trust funds and, for such purpose, may accept, execute and deliver transfers and conveyances of real and personal property in the name of the state, for the use and benefit of the Connecticut Juvenile Training School.

(b) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, in consultation with the Commissioner of Children and Families and the Commissioner of Construction Services, shall certify to the State Bond Commission that the resources derived from any sale authorized by public act 99-26* in the donation fund of Long Lane School created by this section are eligible for use for the costs incurred in the relocation of Long Lane School, including environmental site remediation, and the development of the Connecticut Juvenile Training School and related training facilities and are in accordance with any deed restrictions for the construction of the project and are not in violation of any tax or other covenants made in respect of bonds originally issued to finance the Long Lane School and related properties. Upon the approval of the State Bond Commission, the Treasurer is authorized to transfer all or a portion of such resources to the bond fund to which the bond authorization in section 1 of public act 99-26** has been or will be assigned.

(1949 Rev., S. 2754; 1969, P.A. 664, S. 19; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 99-26, S. 20, 25, 39; P.A. 11-51, S. 90.)

*Note: Public act 99-26 is entitled “An Act Concerning the Connecticut Juvenile Training School”. (See Reference Table captioned “Public Acts of 1999” in Volume 16 which lists the sections amended, created or repealed by the act.)

**Note: Section 1 of public act 99-26 is special in nature and therefore has not been codified but remains in full force and effect according to its terms.

History: 1969 act authorized commissioner of children and youth services to invest donation fund rather than the directors of the school; Sec. 17-372 transferred to Sec. 17a-27 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families and council on children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services and council on children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993 (Revisor’s note: The words “the department of” in the phrase “commissioner of the department of children and youth services” were deleted editorially by the Revisors to conform with customary statutory usage); P.A. 99-26 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended said Subsec. to provide that property transfers and conveyances are for the use and benefit of “Long Lane School or the Connecticut Juvenile Training School” rather than “said school” and added Subsec. (b) re the use and transfer of resources in the donation fund derived from the sale of state land, effective May 7, 1999, and further amended Subsec. (a) to replace “the donation fund of Long Lane School” with “the donation fund of the Connecticut Juvenile Training School” and provide that property transfers and conveyances are for the benefit of “the Connecticut Juvenile Training School” rather than “Long Lane School or the Connecticut Juvenile Training School”, effective upon the filing with the Governor and the General Assembly of written certification by the Commissioner of Children and Families that the new Connecticut Juvenile Training School is operational (Revisor’s note: Said written certification was filed with the Senate and House Clerks on September 20, 2001, and with the Governor on September 21, 2001); pursuant to P.A. 11-51, “Commissioner of Public Works” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Construction Services” in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 17a-27a. Long Lane School Advisory Board established. Composition. Report. Section 17a-27a is repealed.

(P.A. 94-212; P.A. 96-194, S. 13.)

Sec. 17a-27b. Connecticut Juvenile Training School project: Exemption from statutory provisions. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes or regulations adopted thereunder or any public or special act, the Connecticut Juvenile Training School project, as defined in subsection (k) of section 4b-55, shall be exempt from the provisions of subsections (b), (c) and (d) of section 4b-21, sections 4b-23, 4b-28, 14-311, 16a-31, 16a-38, 22-6, 22a-6, 22a-12, 22a-14 to 22a-20, inclusive, 22a-39, 25-32 and 29-406 and chapter 54.

(P.A. 99-26, S. 5, 39; P.A. 03-278, S. 54.)

History: P.A. 99-26 effective May 7, 1999; P.A. 03-278 made a technical change, effective July 9, 2003 (Revisor’s note: The word “sections” preceding the reference to Sec. 25-32 was deleted editorially by the Revisors for consistency with customary statutory usage).

Sec. 17a-27c. Connecticut Juvenile Training School project: Transfer of property; entry upon private property; payment of damages. Section 17a-27c is repealed, effective July 1, 2011.

(P.A. 99-26, S. 8, 39; P.A. 03-278, S. 55; P.A. 11-51, S. 90, 223.)

Sec. 17a-27d. Connecticut Juvenile Training School project: Architectural services and design contract. The Commissioner of Construction Services may negotiate a sole source contract for the architectural services and design for the Connecticut Juvenile Training School project, as defined in subsection (k) of section 4b-55.

(P.A. 99-26, S. 10, 39; P.A. 03-278, S. 56; P.A. 11-51, S. 90.)

History: P.A. 99-26 effective May 7, 1999; P.A. 03-278 made a technical change, effective July 9, 2003; pursuant to P.A. 11-51, “Commissioner of Public Works” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Construction Services”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 17a-27e. Connecticut Juvenile Training School. Standards. The Department of Children and Families in the maintenance, pursuant to section 17a-3, of the new Connecticut Juvenile Training School shall use the Manual of Standards for Juvenile Training Schools published by the American Correctional Association in order to improve safety for staff and residents of the Connecticut Juvenile Training School and to allow the Connecticut Juvenile Training School to be able to be accredited by the American Correctional Association.

(P.A. 99-26, S. 14, 39.)

History: P.A. 99-26 effective May 7, 1999.

Sec. 17a-27f. Connecticut Juvenile Training School. Public safety committee. Security and alert system. Section 17a-27f is repealed, effective July 1, 2011.

(P.A. 99-26, S. 26, 39; P.A. 11-105, S. 11.)

Sec. 17a-28. (Formerly Sec. 17-431). Definitions. Confidentiality and access to records; exceptions. Procedure for aggrieved persons. (a) As used in this section:

(1) “Person” means (A) any individual named in a record, maintained by the department, who (i) is presently or at any prior time was a ward of or committed to the commissioner for any reason; (ii) otherwise received services, voluntarily or involuntarily, from the department; or (iii) is presently or was at any prior time the subject of an investigation by the department; (B) a parent whose parental rights have not been terminated or current guardian of an individual described in subparagraph (A) of this subdivision, if such individual is a minor; or (C) the authorized representative of an individual described in subparagraph (A) of this subdivision, if such individual is deceased;

(2) “Attorney” means the licensed attorney authorized to assert the confidentiality of or right of access to records of a person;

(3) “Authorized representative” means a parent, guardian, guardian ad litem, attorney, conservator or other individual authorized to assert the confidentiality of or right of access to records of a person;

(4) “Consent” means permission given in writing by a person, such person’s attorney or authorized representative to disclose specified information, within a limited time period, regarding the person to specifically identified individuals or entities;

(5) “Records” means information created or obtained in connection with the department’s child protection activities or other activities related to a child while in the care or custody of the department, including information in the registry of reports to be maintained by the commissioner pursuant to section 17a-101k;

(6) “Disclose” means (A) to provide an oral summary of records maintained by the department to an individual, agency, corporation or organization, or (B) to allow an individual, agency, corporation or organization to review or obtain copies of such records in whole, part or summary form;

(7) “Near fatality” means an act that places a child in serious or critical condition.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1-210, 1-211 or 1-213, records maintained by the department shall be confidential and shall not be disclosed, unless the department receives written consent from the person or as provided in this section, section 17a-101g or section 17a-101k. Any unauthorized disclosure shall be punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or imprisonment for not more than one year, or both. Any employee of the department who in the ordinary course of such person’s employment has reasonable cause to suspect or believe that another employee has engaged in the unauthorized disclosure of records shall report in writing such unauthorized disclosure of records to the commissioner. The report shall include the name of the person disclosing the information and the nature of the information disclosed and to whom it was disclosed, if known.

(c) Records that (1) contain privileged communications, or (2) are confidential pursuant to any federal law or regulation shall not be disclosed except as authorized by law.

(d) Any information disclosed from a person’s record shall not be further disclosed to another individual or entity without the written consent of the person, except (1) pursuant to section 19a-80 or 19a-80f, provided such disclosure is otherwise permitted pursuant to subsections (b) and (c) of this section, (2) pursuant to the order of a court of competent jurisdiction, or (3) as otherwise provided by law.

(e) The commissioner shall, upon written request, disclose the following information concerning agencies licensed by the Department of Children and Families, except foster care parents, relatives of the child who are licensed to provide foster care or prospective adoptive families: (1) The name of the licensee; (2) the date the original license was issued; (3) the current status of the license; (4) whether an agency investigation or review is pending or has been completed; and (5) any licensing action taken by the department at any time during the period such license was issued and the reason for such action, provided disclosure of such information will not jeopardize a pending investigation.

(f) The name of any individual who reports suspected abuse or neglect of a child or youth or cooperates with an investigation of child abuse or neglect shall be kept confidential upon request or upon determination by the department that disclosure of such information may be detrimental to the safety or interests of the individual, except the name of any such individual shall be disclosed pursuant to subparagraph (B) of subdivision (1) of subsection (g) of this section to (1) an employee of the department for reasons reasonably related to the business of the department; (2) a law enforcement officer for purposes of investigating abuse or neglect of a child or youth; (3) a state’s attorney for purposes of investigating or prosecuting abuse or neglect of a child or youth; (4) an assistant attorney general or other legal counsel representing the department; (5) a judge of the Superior Court and all necessary parties in a court proceeding pursuant to section 17a-112 or 46b-129, or a criminal prosecution involving child abuse or neglect; (6) a state child care licensing agency; or (7) the executive director of any institution, school or facility or superintendent of schools pursuant to section 17a-101i.

(g) The department shall disclose records, subject to subsections (b) and (c) of this section, without the consent of the person who is the subject of the record, to:

(1) The person named in the record or such person’s authorized representative, provided such disclosure shall be limited to information (A) contained in the record about such person or about such person’s biological or adoptive minor child, if such person’s parental rights to such child have not been terminated; and (B) identifying an individual who reported abuse or neglect of the person, including any tape recording of an oral report pursuant to section 17a-103, if a court determines that there is reasonable cause to believe the reporter knowingly made a false report or that the interests of justice require disclosure;

(2) An employee of the department for any purpose reasonably related to the performance of such employee’s duties;

(3) A guardian ad litem or attorney appointed to represent a child or youth in litigation affecting the best interests of the child or youth;

(4) The Attorney General, any assistant attorney general or any other legal counsel retained to represent the department during the course of a legal proceeding involving the department or an employee of the department;

(5) The Child Advocate or the Child Advocate’s designee;

(6) The Chief Public Defender or the Chief Public Defender’s designee for purposes of ensuring competent representation by the attorneys with whom the Chief Public Defender contracts to provide legal and guardian ad litem services to the subjects of such records and for ensuring accurate payments for services rendered by such attorneys;

(7) The Chief State’s Attorney or the Chief State’s Attorney’s designee for purposes of investigating or prosecuting an allegation related to child abuse or neglect, provided such prosecuting authority shall have access to records of a child charged with the commission of a delinquent act, who is not being charged with an offense related to child abuse, only while the case is being prosecuted and after obtaining a release;

(8) A state or federal law enforcement officer for purposes of investigating an allegation related to child abuse or neglect;

(9) Any foster or prospective adoptive parent, if the records pertain to a child or youth currently placed with the foster or prospective adoptive parent, or a child or youth being considered for placement with the foster or prospective adoptive parent, and the records are necessary to address the social, medical, psychological or educational needs of the child or youth, provided no information identifying a biological parent is disclosed without the permission of such biological parent;

(10) The Governor, when requested in writing in the course of the Governor’s official functions, the Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee, the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to human services, the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to the judiciary or the select committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to children, when requested in writing in the course of said committee’s official functions, and upon a majority vote of said committee, provided no name or other identifying information is disclosed unless such information is essential to the gubernatorial or legislative purpose;

(11) The Department of Public Health for the purpose of (A) determining the suitability of a person to care for children in a facility licensed pursuant to section 19a-77, 19a-80 or 19a-87b; (B) determining the suitability of such person for licensure; or (C) an investigation conducted pursuant to section 19a-80f;

(12) The Department of Developmental Services, to allow said department to determine eligibility, facilitate enrollment and plan for the provision of services to a child who is a client of said department and who is applying to enroll in or is enrolled in said department’s voluntary services program. At the time that a parent or guardian completes an application for enrollment of a child in the Department of Developmental Services’ voluntary services program, or at the time that said department updates a child’s annual individualized plan of care, said department shall notify such parent or guardian that the Department of Children and Families may provide records to the Department of Developmental Services for the purposes specified in this subdivision without the consent of such parent or guardian;

(13) A state agency that licenses or certifies an individual to educate or care for children or youth;

(14) A judge or employee of a probate court who requires access to such records in order to perform such judge’s or employee’s official duties;

(15) A judge of the Superior Court for purposes of determining the appropriate disposition of a child convicted as delinquent or a child who is a member of a family with service needs;

(16) A judge of the Superior Court in a criminal prosecution for purposes of in-camera inspection whenever (A) the court has ordered that the record be provided to the court; or (B) a party to the proceeding has issued a subpoena for the record;

(17) A judge of the Superior Court and all necessary parties in a family violence proceeding when such records concern family violence with respect to the child who is the subject of the proceeding or the parent of such child who is the subject of the proceeding;

(18) The Auditors of Public Accounts, or their representative, provided no information identifying the subject of the record is disclosed unless such information is essential to an audit conducted pursuant to section 2-90;

(19) A local or regional board of education, provided the records are limited to educational records created or obtained by the state or Connecticut Unified School District #2, established pursuant to section 17a-37;

(20) The superintendent of schools for any school district for the purpose of determining the suitability of a person to be employed by the local or regional board of education for such school district pursuant to subsection (a) of section 10-221d;

(21) The Department of Motor Vehicles for the purpose of criminal history records checks pursuant to subsection (e) of section 14-44, provided information disclosed pursuant to this subdivision shall be limited to information included on the Department of Children and Families child abuse and neglect registry established pursuant to section 17a-101k, subject to the provisions of sections 17a-101g and 17a-101k concerning the nondisclosure of findings of responsibility for abuse and neglect;

(22) The Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services for the purpose of treatment planning for young adults who have transitioned from the care of the Department of Children and Families; and

(23) The superintendent of a public school district or the executive director or other head of a public or private institution for children providing care for children or a private school pursuant to sections 17a-101b, 17a-101c and 17a-101i.

(h) The department may, subject to subsections (b) and (c) of this section, disclose records without the consent of the person who is the subject of the record, to:

(1) An employee or former employee of the department or such employee or former employee’s authorized representative for purposes of participating in any court, administrative or disciplinary proceeding, provided such disclosure shall be limited to records that are necessary to the proceeding, as determined by the department;

(2) Multidisciplinary teams, as described in section 17a-106a;

(3) A provider of professional services for a child, youth or parent referred to such provider, provided such disclosure is limited to information necessary to provide services to the child, youth or parent;

(4) An individual or agency under contract with the department for the purposes of identifying and assessing a potential foster or adoptive home for a child or youth, provided no information identifying a biological parent of a child or youth is disclosed without the permission of such biological parent;

(5) The Department of Social Services for the purpose of (A) determining the suitability of a person for payment from the Department of Social Services for providing child care; or (B) promoting the health, safety and welfare of the child or youth;

(6) A physician examining a child with respect to whom abuse or neglect is suspected and who is authorized pursuant to section 17a-101f to keep the child in the custody of a hospital when such physician requires the information in a record of the department to determine whether to keep the child in protective custody;

(7) An individual who reports child abuse or neglect pursuant to sections 17a-101a to 17a-101c, inclusive, or section 17a-103, who made a report of abuse or neglect, provided the information disclosed is limited to (A) the status of the investigation conducted pursuant to section 17a-101g resulting from the individual’s report; and (B) in general terms, the action taken by the department as a result of such investigation;

(8) An individual or organization engaged in the business of medical, psychological or psychiatric diagnosis and treatment and who is treating an individual who has perpetrated abuse or neglect, as determined in an investigation conducted pursuant to section 17a-101g, or who is unwilling or unable to protect a child or youth from abuse or neglect, as determined in an investigation conducted pursuant to section 17a-101g, when the commissioner, or the commissioner’s designee, determines that the disclosure is necessary to accomplish the objectives of diagnosis or treatment;

(9) A court or public agency in another state or a federally recognized Indian tribe, that is responsible for investigating child abuse or neglect, preventing child abuse and neglect or providing services to families at risk for child abuse or neglect, for the purpose of such investigation, prevention or providing services to such families;

(10) An individual conducting bona fide research, provided no information identifying the subject of the record is disclosed unless (A) such information is essential to the purpose of the research; and (B) the department has given written approval for the use of such information;

(11) An individual or agency involved in the collection of fees for services, provided such information is limited to the name and address of the person who received the services and the fees for services, except as provided in section 17b-225. In cases where a dispute arises over such fees or claims or where additional information is needed to substantiate the fee or claim, the Department of Children and Families may disclose the following: (A) That the person was, in fact, provided services by the department; (B) the dates and duration of such services; and (C) a general description of the types of services, including evidence that a service or treatment plan exists and has been carried out and evidence to substantiate the necessity for admission and length of stay in an institution or facility;

(12) A law enforcement officer or state’s attorney if there is reasonable cause to believe that a child or youth is being abused or neglected or at risk of being abused or neglected as a result of any suspected criminal activity by any individual;

(13) Any individual interviewed as part of an investigation conducted pursuant to section 17a-101g, who is not otherwise entitled to such information, provided such disclosure is limited to: (A) The general nature of the allegations contained in the reports; (B) the identity of the child or youth alleged to have been abused or neglected; and (C) information necessary to effectively conduct the investigation;

(14) Any individual, when information concerning an incident of child abuse or neglect has been made public or the commissioner reasonably believes publication of such information is likely, provided such disclosure is limited to: (A) Whether the department has received any report in accordance with sections 17a-101a to 17a-101c, inclusive, or section 17a-103; (B) in general terms, any action taken by the department, provided: (i) Names or other individually identifiable information of the child or other family members is not disclosed, regardless of whether such individually identifiable information is otherwise available, and (ii) the name or other individually identifiable information of the person suspected to be responsible for the abuse or neglect is not disclosed unless such person has been arrested for a crime due to such abuse or neglect; (C) confirmation or denial of the accuracy of information that has been made public; and (D) notwithstanding the provisions of section 46b-124, in general terms, the legal status of the case;

(15) Any individual for the purpose of locating such individual’s missing parent, child or youth, provided such disclosure is limited to information that assists in locating such missing parent, child or youth;

(16) Any individual, when the information concern an incident of abuse or neglect that resulted in a child or youth fatality or near fatality of a child or youth, provided disclosure of such information is in general terms and does not jeopardize a pending investigation;

(17) A court of competent jurisdiction whenever an employee of the department is subpoenaed and ordered to testify about such records;

(18) An individual who is not employed by the department who arranges, performs or assists in performing functions or activities on behalf of the department, including, but not limited to, data analysis, processing or administration, utilization reviews, quality assurance, practice management, consultation, data aggregation and accreditation services.

(i) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (e) to (h), inclusive, of this section, the department may refuse to disclose records to any individual, provided the department gives such individual notice (1) that records are being withheld; (2) of the general nature of the records being withheld; (3) of the department’s reason for refusing to disclose the records; and (4) of the individual’s right to judicial relief pursuant to subsection (j) of this section.

(j) (1) Any person or individual aggrieved by a violation of subsection (b) or (d), subsections (f) to (h), inclusive, or subsection (k) of this section, or a person’s authorized representative, may seek judicial relief in the manner prescribed in section 52-146j.

(2) Any person, individual or authorized representative denied access to records by the commissioner under subdivision (i) of this section may petition the superior court for the venue district provided in section 46b-142 in which the person resides for an order requiring the commissioner to permit access to those records, and the court, after a hearing and an in camera review of the records in question, shall issue such an order unless it determines that permitting disclosure of all or any portion of the record (A) would be contrary to the best interests of the person or the person’s authorized representative; (B) could reasonably result in the risk of harm to any individual; or (C) would contravene the public policy of the state.

(k) All written records disclosed to an individual who is not the subject of the record, an agency, an entity or an organization shall bear a stamp requiring confidentiality in accordance with the provisions of this section. Such records shall not be disclosed to another individual, agency, entity or an organization without the written consent of the person who is the subject of the record or as provided by this section. A copy of the consent form, specifying to whom and for what specific use the record is disclosed or a statement setting forth any other statutory authorization for disclosure and the limitations imposed on such disclosure, shall accompany the record. In cases where the disclosure is made orally, the individual disclosing the information shall inform the recipient that such information is governed by the provisions of this section.

(l) Whenever any person, attorney or authorized representative, having obtained access to any record, believes there are factually inaccurate entries or materials contained in such record, such person, attorney or authorized representative may add a statement to the record setting forth what such person, attorney or authorized representative believes to be an accurate statement of those facts and such statement shall become a permanent part of the record.

(P.A. 75-524, S. 20, 30; P.A. 77-246, S. 12; P.A. 78-280, S. 30, 127; P.A. 91-299, S. 1; P.A. 96-246, S. 17; P.A. 97-104; 97-259, S. 25, 41; 97-319, S. 8, 22; P.A. 98-70, S. 2; 98-239, S. 17, 35; P.A. 01-142, S. 1; P.A. 05-207, S. 3, 4; P.A. 06-187, S. 76; P.A. 07-217, S. 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 21; P.A. 09-142, S. 1; 09-185, S. 1; 09-232, S. 101, 102; P.A. 10-93, S. 11; 10-144, S. 16; P.A. 11-51, S. 13; 11-93, S. 2; 11-167, S. 1; P.A. 12-35, S. 1, 2; 12-82, S. 4, 5.)

History: P.A. 77-246 added Subsec. (c)(5); P.A. 78-280 replaced juvenile court with superior court and specified “venue” districts in Subsec. (f); Sec. 17-431 transferred to Sec. 17a-28 in 1991; P.A. 91-299 in Subsec. (a) amended definitions of “person”, “attorney”, “authorized representative”, “consent”, and “records” added definition of “disclose”, in Subsec. (b) added provisions re confidentiality and criminal penalty, added a new Subsec. (c) re disclosure of records to state’s attorney and relettered remaining Subsecs. accordingly, amended Subsec. (d) by adding Subdivs. (1) to (10), inclusive, re disclosure of records without consent of a person and making existing Subdiv. (4) a new Subsec. and renumbering the Subparas. as Subdivs., added a new Subsec. (f) re confidentiality of a person reporting child abuse or neglect, added a new Subsec. (g) re confidentiality of name of person cooperating with investigation of child abuse or neglect, added a new Subsec. (h) re disclosure of child abuse or neglect investigation, amended existing Subsec. (d) re disclosure without written consent of a person, except in criminal cases with a court order, added new Subsec. (e)(1) and (2) re disclosure of information concerning person reporting child abuse and neglect, amended existing Subsec. (f) by making technical changes and amended existing Subsec. (g) requiring submittal of regulations re disclosure of records; P.A. 96-246 amended Subsec. (a)(5) by changing reference to Sec. 17a-101(g) to Sec. 17a-101e, amended Subsecs. (b), (c) and (d) by adding provisions re disclosure of records and disclosure of information by commissioner or designee when child abuse incident has been made public or publication likely and disclosure of information re agencies licensed by department, amended Subsec. (e) by adding law enforcement agency and provided disclosure of petitions and affidavits pled in superior court for juvenile matters, amended Subsec. (f)(7) to provide disclosure to reporter of child abuse action taken by the department in general terms, amended Subsec. (f)(8) permitting disclosure to Governor, committee on judiciary and committee having cognizance of matters involving children, added Subsec. (j) permitting commissioner, upon request of employee, to disclose records necessary for employee disciplinary hearing or appeal and amended Subsec. (n) by changing “1991” to “1996”; P.A. 97-104 added Subsec. (e)(3) and (4) re provision of copies of records to an attorney or guardian ad litem appointed to represent a child in litigation affecting the best interests of the child; P.A. 97-259 amended Subsec. (e) to allow copies to be provided to the Department of Public Health for the purpose of determining suitability of a person to care for children in conjunction with the department’s day care licensure function and to the Department of Social Services for the purpose of determining the suitability of a person for any payment from the department for providing child care, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 97-319 added Subsec. (e)(3) and (4) re provision of copies of records to state agencies and the Governor, amended Subsec. (f) to expand disclosure of records to include all communications and made changes consistent with changes in Subsec. (e), added Subsec. (h)(4) and (5) re disclosure to judges and child placing agencies and schools, amended Subsec. (l) to prohibit the release of information identifying a person upon determination a reporter knowingly made a false report and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-70 added Subsec. (f)(10) and (11), (codified as Subsec. (g)(11) and (12) due to the relettering of Subsecs. and other amendments in P.A. 98-239), providing for disclosure of records to judge of Superior Court for determining appropriate disposition of child and to superintendents or designees of state-operated facilities within Department of Children and Families; P.A. 98-239 added Subsec. (a)(7) defining “near fatality”, added new provision as Subsec. (d) to require commissioner to make available to the public information re an incident of abuse or neglect which resulted in a child fatality or near fatality, relettered former Subsecs. (d) to (n) as (e) to (o), amended Subsec. (f)(6) to require commissioner to provide copies of records, upon request, to any state agency which licenses such person to educate children pursuant to section 10-145b, added new Subsec. (f)(8), requiring commissioner to provide to a local or regional board of education, upon request, copies of educational records created or obtained by the state or Connecticut-Unified School District #2 and to expand disclosure of department or nondepartment records to all persons or entities specified in Subsec. (f), eliminating reference to “such law enforcement agency or attorney”, amended Subsec. (g)(4) to allow commissioner, when he determines it to be in a child’s best interest, to disclose department or nondepartment records that are not privileged or confidential to public or private agencies responsible for a child’s education, added new Subsec. (g)(10), authorizing disclosure of records to the Department of Social Services, provided the information disclosed is necessary to promote the health, safety and welfare of the child, and made technical changes throughout (Revisor’s note: The reference in Subsec. (n)(2) to “... subdivision (2) of subsection (l) of this section ...” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “... subdivision (2) of subsection (m) of this section ...” to reflect the relettering of Subsecs. by P.A. 98-239); P.A. 01-142 added Subsec. (f)(9) re disclosure of records to party in custody proceeding in Superior Court where records concern child or parent, and made technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality; P.A. 05-207 made technical changes and required name or other individually identifiable information of suspected person not to be disclosed unless person arrested for crime in Subsec. (c) and made disclosure of records to state agencies subject to provisions of Secs. 17a-101g and 17a-101k in Subsec. (f); P.A. 06-187 added Subsec. (f)(10) permitting copies of department records to be provided without consent of a person to the Chief Child Protection Attorney, or designee, for purposes of providing competent representation by contract attorneys and to ensure accurate payment for attorney services; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (f), effective July 12, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 added Subsec. (f)(11) re provision of records to Department of Motor Vehicles for checking child abuse and neglect registry, effective October 6, 2007; P.A. 09-142 added Subsec. (g)(13) re commissioner’s authority to disclose records to Department of Developmental Services to determine eligibility, facilitate enrollment and plan for provision of services to a child through said department’s voluntary services program, effective June 25, 2009; P.A. 09-185 amended Subsec. (b) by adding provision requiring employees of department to report unauthorized disclosure of records and making a technical change; P.A. 09-232 amended Subsec. (f)(5) by redesignating existing provision as Subpara. (A) and adding Subpara. (B) re supplying records to Department of Public Health in connection with investigation pursuant to Sec. 19a-80f, and amended Subsec. (l) by adding Subdiv. (1) re disclosure of information pursuant to Sec. 19a-80f and designating existing exception as Subdiv. (2); P.A. 10-93 amended Subsec. (g)(13) by substituting “and who is applying for participation in said department’s voluntary services program or enrolled in said program” for “but who is not yet participating in said department’s voluntary services program” and by adding “or at the time that a child’s annual individualized plan of care is updated” re notice to parent or guardian; P.A. 10-144 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(6) and added Subsec. (f)(12) re disclosure of records to a judge of Superior Court and necessary parties in family violence proceeding when records concern family violence with respect to child who is subject of proceeding or parent of such child; P.A. 11-51 amended Subsec. (f)(10) to substitute “Chief Public Defender” for “Chief Child Protection Attorney”, effective July 1, 2011; pursuant to P.A. 11-51, “Chief Child Protection Attorney” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Chief Public Defender” in Subsec. (g)(6), effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-93 amended Subsec. (f) by adding provision requiring disclosure of records concerning inclusion on Department of Children and Families child abuse and neglect registry in Subdiv. (8), adding Subpara. (C) requiring commissioner to provide records to the superintendent of schools for employment purposes, and making a technical change, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-167 amended Subsec. (a) by redefining “person”, “authorized representative”, “consent”, “records” and “near fatality”, amended Subsec. (b) by adding references to Secs. 17a-101g and 17a-101k, deleted former Subsec. (c) re disclosure of information made public, deleted former Subsec. (d) re availability of information concerning incidents resulting in a fatality or near fatality, added new Subsec. (c) re confidentiality of records containing privileged communications and records confidential under federal law, added new Subsec. (d) re further disclosure of information, amended Subsec. (e) by replacing “certified” with “licensed”, deleted former Subsec. (f) re disclosure of records without consent, deleted former Subsec. (g) re records commissioner may disclose, deleted former Subsec. (h) re disclosure of information related to collection of fees for services, deleted former Subsec. (i) re confidentiality of the name of a reporter of child abuse or neglect, deleted former Subsec. (j) re confidentiality of the name of an individual who cooperates in an investigation, deleted former Subsec. (k) re disclosure of records to an employee for a disciplinary hearing, deleted former Subsec. (l) re further disclosure of information, deleted former Subsec. (m) re access to records concerning the person seeking access, deleted former Subsec. (n) re relief for aggrieved persons, deleted former Subsec. (o) re promulgation of regulations, added new Subsec. (f) re confidentiality of the name of a reporter of child abuse or neglect, added new Subsec. (g) requiring disclosure of records without consent, added new Subsec. (h) allowing disclosure of records without consent, added new Subsec. (i) allowing department to refuse to disclose records, added new Subsec. (j) re relief for aggrieved persons, added new Subsec. (k) requiring certain records to bear a confidentiality stamp and requiring a consent form to accompany those records, and added new Subsec. (l) re factually inaccurate records; P.A. 12-35 amended Subsec. (g) to make technical changes in Subdiv. (1), replace “business of the department” with “performance of such employee’s duties” in Subdiv. (2), replace “delinquency defendant” with “child charged with the commission of a delinquent act” in Subdiv. (7), make technical changes in Subdiv. (10), replace “a person” with “an individual” in Subdiv. (13), designate existing provision in Subdiv. (15) re disclosure to judge in criminal prosecution for purposes of in-camera inspection as new Subdiv. (16) and redesignate existing Subdivs. (16) to (20) accordingly, amended Subsec. (h) to replace “description of the service” with “description of the types of services” in Subdiv. (11)(C), replace “person” with “individual” in Subdiv. (12), replace “minor victim” with “child” in Subdiv. (14)(B)(i), delete references to findings in Subdiv. (16) and make technical changes in Subdivs. (6), (9), (11), (13), (14) and (15), and amended Subsec. (k) to replace “records disclosed to another individual or agency” with “records disclosed to an individual who is not the subject of the record, an agency, an entity or an organization”, replace “anyone” with “another individual, agency, entity or an organization” and specify consent required is that of the person who is the subject of the record; P.A. 12-82 amended Subsec. (d) by adding Subdiv. (3) allowing for further disclosure of records as otherwise provided by law and making technical changes, and amended Subsec. (g) by adding provision re purposes of disclosure of records to Chief Public Defender or designee in Subdiv. (6), making technical changes in Subdivs. (7) and (8), adding provision, codified by the Revisors as new Subdiv. (20), re disclosure of records to superintendent of schools, replacing provision re information obtained in investigation with provision re information included on abuse and neglect registry in redesignated Subdiv. (21) re disclosure of records to Department of Motor Vehicles, and adding provision, codified by the Revisors as Subdiv. (23), re disclosure of records to superintendent of a public school district or executive director of a public or private institution for children providing care for children or a private school.

See Sec. 4-61dd re personnel actions against state officers and employees.

Annotations to former section 17-431:

Cited. 230 C. 43.

Cited. 8 CA 216.

Annotations to present section:

Cited. 230 C. 43.

Cited. 40 CA 233. Statutory scheme of section sets forth a specific process of review for an individual denied access to records; records defined under section fall within the express exemption of Sec. 1-210(a) and are exempt from disclosure. 136 CA 76.

Subsec. (b):

To compel in camera review of records that are privileged pursuant to Subsec., under constitutional right to confrontation clause, defendant must make preliminary showing that a reasonable ground exists to believe failure to review the privileged records would likely impair defendant’s right to confrontation, beyond merely asserting the records may contain information useful for the impeachment of a witness’s credibility; under due process clause, defendant must at least make plausible statement of how the information would be material and favorable to the defense. 113 CA 142. A foster parent may not be compelled to testify in a civil proceeding as to the nature of his relationship to or his observations of a particular foster child because section embodies a broad legislative declaration of confidentiality, and the broad mandate of Subsec. applies without regard to the particular status of the disclosing party, be it a department worker or foster parent. 120 CA 390.

Subsec. (f):

Does not impose confidentiality requirements on disclosure of those records obtained by an agency under section. 261 C. 219.

Subsec. (l):

Court not required to review or order state’s attorney to review department records subpoenaed by defendant because defendant did not make a preliminary showing that they contained exculpatory information. 126 CA 437.

Subsec. (m):

Exception does not allow for parents, acting as grandparents, whose son’s parental rights have been terminated, to gain access to child’s records. 47 CS 273.

Sec. 17a-29. (Formerly Sec. 17-433). Committal or transfer of persons under age of eighteen prohibited; exception. On and after July 1, 1979, no person under the age of eighteen shall be committed, admitted or transferred to any state hospital for mental illness, as defined in section 17a-495, other than a hospital administered by the Commissioner of Children and Families.

(P.A. 75-524, S. 22, 30; P.A. 77-148, S. 1, 2; P.A. 78-219, S. 6; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2.)

History: P.A. 77-148 added “On and after July 1, 1978,”; P.A. 78-219 changed year to 1979 and extended applicability to admissions to hospitals for mental illness; Sec. 17-433 transferred to Sec. 17a-29 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993.

Sec. 17a-30. (Formerly Sec. 17-434). Regional advisory councils. Appointments and terms. (a) The commissioner shall create distinct service regions and shall create in each such region, a regional advisory council to advise the commissioner and the regional director on the development and delivery of services of the department in that region and to facilitate the coordination of services for children, youths and their families in the region.

(b) Each regional advisory council shall consist of no more than twenty-one persons, a majority of whom shall be persons who earn less than fifty per cent of their salaries from the provision of services to children, youths and their families, and the balance representative of private providers of human services throughout the region. The commissioner, or the commissioner’s designee, shall appoint one-third of the representatives of each group for a term of three years, one-third for a term of two years, and one-third for a term of one year. No person may serve more than two consecutive three-year terms. All subsequent appointments to replace those whose terms have expired shall be for a term of three years. No person may serve on more than one regional advisory council at a time. The regional director shall make a good faith effort to ensure that, to the extent possible, the membership is qualified and closely reflects the gender and racial diversity of the region. All members shall serve without compensation. Each regional advisory council shall elect two cochairpersons. Each regional advisory council shall meet at least quarterly, or more often at the call of the cochairpersons or a majority of the council members. The regional director, or a designee of the regional director, shall be an ex-officio member of the council without the right to vote. Any member who fails to attend three consecutive meetings or fifty per cent of all meetings during any calendar year shall be deemed to have resigned. A majority of the members in office, but not less than six members, shall constitute a quorum.

(P.A. 75-524, S. 23, 30; P.A. 77-511, S. 2; P.A. 84-256, S. 13, 17; P.A 05-246, S. 7; P.A. 06-196, S. 119; P.A. 11-105, S. 9.)

History: P.A. 77-511 specified Sec. 4-60n as it appears in 1975 edition of statutes; P.A. 84-256 specified facilitation of coordination of services as duty of councils, added meeting, attendance and quorum requirements, required that a majority of members of each council be persons who earn less than 50% of their salaries from provision of services to children, youth and their families, and deleted provision authorizing reimbursement of members for expenses incurred in performance of duties; Sec. 17-434 transferred to Sec. 17a-30 in 1991; P.A. 05-246 replaced provisions re regions with provisions re service areas and changed “regional advisory council” to “area advisory council” in Subsecs. (a) and (b), added reference to area director in Subsec. (a) and granted commissioner’s designee appointment authority, restricted service to not more that two consecutive three-year terms, prohibited persons from serving on more than one area advisory council at a time, required area director to make good faith effort to ensure membership reflects gender and racial diversity of area, replaced provisions re chairman and vice-chairman with provisions re cochairpersons and made area director or designee ex-officio member of council in Subsec. (b), effective July 8, 2005; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes, effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 11-105 replaced “area” with “region” or “regional” and made conforming changes, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 17a-31. (Formerly Sec. 17-435). Transfer of administration and control of certain institutions, facilities and personal property to Commissioner of Children and Families. Transfer of certain funds. (a) The Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services shall contract with the Commissioner of Children and Families for the transfer of administration and control over the following institutions and facilities and personal property from the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services to the Commissioner of Children and Families (1) the children’s unit at Connecticut Valley Hospital including the Silvermine building and the school activities complex at Connecticut Valley Hospital and the three cottages surrounding the Silvermine building presently known as Cottages A, B, and C, together with certain real property the precise boundaries of which shall be agreed upon by both commissioners; and (2) those buildings and other real property located at Fairfield Hills Hospital which both commissioners agree should constitute an adolescent unit at said hospital.

(b) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall determine the pro rata annual cost to the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services for the continued maintenance and services of those facilities shared by the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services and the Department of Children and Families pursuant to subsection (a) of this section. That sum, representing the pro rata annual cost of such maintenance and services shall be transferred annually from the budget of the Department of Children and Families to the budget of the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services for the cost of such maintenance and services.

(P.A. 75-524, S. 24, 30; P.A. 77-220, S. 3, 5; 77-614, S. 19, 610; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-216, S. 3; P.A. 95-257, S. 11, 58.)

History: P.A. 77-220 amended Subsec. (a) to remove July 1, 1975, deadline for transfers and to make transfer in Subdiv. (5) of entire Undercliff Mental Health Center rather than of Adolescent Drug Rehabilitation Unit and other buildings; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of finance and control with secretary of the office of policy and management in Subsec. (b); Sec. 17-435 transferred to Sec. 17a-31 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-216 amended Subsec. (a) by removing certain institutions from the control of the commissioner of children and families; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Mental Health with Commissioner and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995.

Sec. 17a-32. (Formerly Sec. 17-435a). Names of children’s facilities designated. (a) The name of the Department of Children and Families facility at Connecticut Valley Hospital in the city of Middletown shall be the Albert J. Solnit Children’s Center - South Campus.

(b) The name of the Department of Children and Families facility in the city of Middletown shall be the Connecticut Juvenile Training School.

(c) The name of the Department of Children and Families facility in the town of East Windsor shall be the Albert J. Solnit Children’s Center - North Campus.

(d) The name of the Department of Children and Families facility in the town of Hartland shall be the Wilderness School.

(P.A. 77-43; P.A. 80-28, S. 1; P.A. 92-14, S. 1; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-216, S. 4; P.A. 97-44; P.A. 99-26, S. 21, 39; P.A. 12-82, S. 6.)

History: P.A. 80-28 added Subsecs. (b) to (d); Sec. 17-435a transferred to Sec. 17a-32 in 1991; P.A. 92-14 deleted Subsec. (b) re Greater Bridgeport Children’s Services Center, relettered the remaining Subsecs. and added new Subsecs. (d) to (g), inclusive; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-216 amended Subsec. (a) to change the name of Riverview Hospital for Children to Riverview Hospital for Children and Youth, deleted Subsecs. (b) and (c) which designated Henry D. Altobello Children and Youth Center at Undercliff Mental Health Center and Housatonic Adolescent Hospital at Fairfield Hills Hospital and renumbered the remaining Subsecs. accordingly; P.A. 97-44 amended Subsec. (c) to change the name of the state receiving home to the Connecticut Children’s Place; P.A. 99-26 amended Subsec. (b) to change the name of Long Lane School to the Connecticut Juvenile Training School, effective upon the filing with the Governor and the General Assembly of written certification by the Commissioner of Children and Families that the new Connecticut Juvenile Training School is operational (Revisor’s note: Said written certification was filed with the Senate and House Clerks on September 20, 2001, and with the Governor on September 21, 2001); P.A. 12-82 amended Subsec. (a) by renaming “Riverview Hospital for Children and Youth” as “the Albert J. Solnit Children’s Center - South Campus” and specifying that the facility is located in Middletown, amended Subsec. (c) by renaming “Connecticut Children’s Place” as “the Albert J. Solnit Children’s Center - North Campus”, deleted former Subsec. (d) re High Meadows facility and redesignated existing Subsec. (e) as Subsec. (d).

Sec. 17a-32a. Children’s facilities’ annual report to State Advisory Council on Children and Families and advisory groups. (a) The facilities that come under the jurisdiction of the Department of Children and Families, as enumerated in section 17a-32, shall submit an annual report to the State Advisory Council on Children and Families and to their respective advisory groups, established pursuant to subsection (b) of section 17a-6. The report shall include, but not be limited to: (1) Aggregate profiles of the residents; (2) a description of and update on major initiatives; (3) key outcome indicators and results; (4) costs associated with operating the facility; and (5) a description of educational, vocational and literacy programs, and behavioral, treatment and other services available to the residents and their outcomes. Each report submitted pursuant to this subsection shall be posted on the department’s web site.

(b) Such advisory groups shall respond to their facility’s annual report, submitted pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, and provide any recommendations for improvement or enhancement that they deem necessary.

(c) The Department of Children and Families shall serve as administrative staff of such advisory groups.

(P.A. 09-205, S. 3.)

History: P.A. 09-205 effective July 1, 2009.

Sec. 17a-33. (Formerly Sec. 17-435c). Undercliff Mental Health Center buildings and facilities under the control of the Department of Developmental Services. (a) Those buildings, facilities and other real property at Undercliff Mental Health Center not under the supervision and control of the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, and not transferred to the Department of Children and Families under section 17a-31, shall continue to be under the supervision and control of the Department of Developmental Services, including, but not limited to Kimball House, Cold Spring Home, and any replacement of such buildings; and approximately six acres of land situated southwest of the intersection of Route 71 and Undercliff Road in Meriden, the precise boundaries of which shall be mutually agreed upon by the Commissioners of Children and Families and Developmental Services, shall be transferred to said Department of Developmental Services.

(b) If at any time, because of reconstruction or rehabilitation of the facilities under the supervision and control of the Department of Developmental Services, it becomes necessary to transfer the patients therein to another facility, such patients shall be placed in group homes in the immediate region or in suitable, segregated areas of the facilities of the Department of Children and Families at said center which shall be mutually agreed upon by the commissioners of said departments.

(P.A. 77-220, S. 4, 5; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-257, S. 11, 58; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a), (b).)

History: Sec. 17-435c transferred to Sec. 17a-33 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Mental Health with Commissioner and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 “Commissioner of Mental Retardation” and “Department of Mental Retardation” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Developmental Services” and “Department of Developmental Services”, effective October 1, 2007.

Secs. 17a-34 and 17a-35. (Formerly Secs. 17-435e and 17-435f). Transfer of Bryan Building at Norwich Hospital to Department of Public Works. Transfer of Ray Building at Norwich Hospital to Department of Mental Health. Sections 17a-34 and 17a-35 are repealed.

(P.A. 79-232; 79-628; P.A. 93-126, S. 1, 3; P.A. 87-496, S. 84, 110; P.A. 93-216, S. 8.)

Sec. 17a-36. (Formerly Sec. 17-439). Financial liability for services. The Commissioner of Administrative Services shall determine financial liability for services in psychiatric clinics and day treatment programs operated or funded by the Department of Children and Families and the same persons and estates as are legally liable for support of patients in state humane institutions shall be liable for payment of such charges in accordance with subsection (c) of section 4a-12 and subsection (b) of section 17b-223.

(P.A. 75-524, S. 28, 30; P.A. 77-614, S. 70, 610; P.A. 90-119, S. 1; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2.)

History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of finance and control with commissioner of administrative services; P.A. 90-119 authorized the commissioner of administrative services to determine financial liability for services in such clinics and programs operated or funded by the department of children and youth services in accordance with sections 4a-12 and 17-295, deleting provision which had required consultation with children and youth services commissioner to establish sliding scale of charges; Sec. 17-439 transferred to Sec. 17a-36 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993.

Sec. 17a-37. (Formerly Sec. 17-441). Establishment of school district in the Department of Children and Families. Unified School District #2. (a) The Commissioner of Children and Families shall establish a school district within the Department of Children and Families, for the education or assistance of any child or youth who resides in or receives day treatment at any state-operated institution or facility within that department and whose needs require that his education be provided within the institution in which he resides or at which he receives day treatment. The school district shall be known as State of Connecticut-Unified School District #2. The Commissioner of Children and Families shall administer, coordinate and control the operations of the school district and shall be responsible for the overall supervision and direction of all courses and activities of the school district and shall establish such vocational and academic education, research and statistics, training and development services and programs as he considers necessary or advisable in the best interests of the persons benefiting therefrom. The commissioner or his designee shall be the superintendent of said district and shall act in accordance with the applicable provisions of section 10-157.

(b) The superintendent of the school district shall have the power to (1) establish and maintain within the Department of Children and Families such schools of different grades as he may from time to time require and deem necessary; (2) establish and maintain within the department such school libraries as may from time to time be required in connection with the educational courses, services and programs authorized by this section; (3) purchase, receive, hold and convey personal property for school purposes and equip and supply such schools with necessary furniture and other appendages; (4) make agreements and regulations for the establishing and conducting of the district’s schools and employ and dismiss, in accordance with the applicable provisions of section 10-151, such teachers as are necessary to carry out the intent of this section and to pay their salaries; (5) receive any federal funds or aid made available to the state for such programs and shall be eligible for and may receive any other funds or aid whether private, state or otherwise, to be used for the purposes of this section.

(c) The superintendent of the school district may cooperate with the federal government in carrying out the purposes of any federal law pertaining to the education of students within his school district, and may adopt such methods of administration as are found by the federal government to be necessary, and may comply with such conditions as may be necessary to secure the full benefit of all such federal funds available.

(P.A. 75-539, S. 1–3, 4; P.A. 77-614, S. 302, 610; P.A. 80-26, S. 1, 2; P.A. 83-169, S. 1; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 09-205, S. 8.)

History: P.A. 77-614 replaced secretary of the state board of education with commissioner of education, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-26 included children or youths receiving day treatment; P.A. 83-169 changed name designation of school district to State of Connecticut-Unified School District #2; Sec. 17-441 transferred to Sec. 17a-37 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 09-205 deleted former Subsec. (d) re annual evaluation and reports, effective July 1, 2009.

See Sec. 10-15d re applicability of education general statutes to special school district.

Sec. 17a-38. (Formerly Sec. 17-441a). Home-based treatment programs. The Department of Children and Families shall develop or contract for home-based treatment programs designed to provide time-limited, home-based services to families where a child is in imminent danger of being removed from the home and placed in foster care, residential treatment or a psychiatric hospital setting. Such programs shall be designed to prevent the unnecessary separation of children by providing intensive in-home services when an acute crisis threatens the ability of the family to remain together. Intervention may include, but shall not be limited to, intensive family, individual and marriage counseling, training in communication and negotiation skills, training in home maintenance skills, behavioral management training, parent training, child development training, job readiness training, client advocacy and arrangement for other services.

(P.A. 87-383, S. 1, 2; P.A. 90-287, S. 2; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2.)

History: P.A. 90-287 deleted reference to two demonstration programs and expanded the types of counseling and training intervention to include marriage counseling and communication, negotiation skills training, home maintenance skills training, child development training and job readiness training; Sec. 17-441a transferred to Sec. 17a-38 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993.

Secs. 17a-39 to 17a-41. Transferred to Chapter 164, Part I, Secs. 10-19m to 10-19p, inclusive.

Sec. 17a-42. (Formerly Sec. 17-444). Photo-listing service established. (a) There is established within the Department of Children and Families a photo-listing service which shall include, but need not be limited to, a book and an electronic format containing a photograph and description of each child to be photo-listed. Such book and its electronic format shall be distributed to all child care and child-placing agencies, as such terms are defined in section 45a-707, and to other organizations concerned with adoption. Such photo-listing service shall recruit adoptive families for children who are legally free for adoption under section 45a-725, and have remained in foster care or institutions for a period of thirty days or more, such thirty days to include any period of foster or institutional care immediately preceding the date on which such child was legally free for adoption. Such photo-listing service may recruit prospective adoptive families for children who are not yet legally free for adoption under section 45a-725, provided the court has approved a permanency plan for adoption pursuant to subdivision (4) of subsection (k) of section 46b-129. The Commissioner of Children and Families shall employ under the commissioner’s direction and control such persons as the commissioner deems necessary for the effective performance of such photo-listing service.

(b) Under sections 17a-112 and 45a-717, the court may order that a child be photo-listed not later than thirty days after the termination of parental rights as a condition of granting an order of termination of parental rights if the court determines that it is in the best interests of the child. Under subdivision (4) of subsection (k) of section 46b-129, the court may order that a child be photo-listed not later than thirty days after the approval of a permanency plan for adoption if the court determines that it is in the best interest of the child. The court shall not order that a child twelve years of age or older be photo-listed unless the child consents to such photo-listing.

(c) The commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement and maintain the photo-listing service established in this section. Such regulations shall include, but not be limited to, procedures for registration of children with the photo-listing service and format and media selection for presenting photo-listed children to the public. The commissioner shall, within available appropriations, (1) establish, maintain and distribute a photo-listing service book, and (2) contract with a nonprofit agency to establish and maintain the photo-listing service in its electronic format.

(P.A. 77-379, S. 1; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 00-137, S. 6; P.A. 01-142, S. 9; P.A. 06-102, S. 10.)

History: Sec. 17-444 transferred to Sec. 17a-42 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993 (Revisor’s note: The words “the department of” in the phrase “commissioner of the department of children and youth services” were deleted editorially by the Revisors to conform with customary statutory usage); P.A. 00-137 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re electronic format and changing eligibility period from three months to 30 days, added new Subsec. (b) re court-ordered photo-listing of child, redesignated former Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c) and amended Subsec. (c) by deleting requirement that photo-listing service be within department and adding provisions requiring commissioner, within available appropriations, to establish, maintain and distribute photo-listing service book and to contract for establishment and maintenance of electronic format; P.A. 01-142 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision permitting photo-listing service to recruit prospective adoptive families for children not free for adoption, provided court has approved permanency plan for adoption, and making technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality and amended Subsec. (b) by adding provision permitting court to order photo-listing of child within 30 days of approval of permanency plan if court determines it is in best interest of child; P.A. 06-102 made technical changes.

Sec. 17a-43. (Formerly Sec. 17-444a). Registration with photo-listing service. (a) Each child legally free for adoption, for whom the photo-listing service may recruit an adoptive family under subsection (a) of section 17a-42, shall, and any other such legally free child may, be registered with the photo-listing service within ten working days of becoming a child for whom such service may recruit an adoptive family. Each such registration shall include a recent photograph and written description of the child. Each such registration shall be reported to the court that ordered termination of parental rights.

(b) All changes in the status of a registered child shall be reported by the child care or child-placing agency to the photo-listing service within five working days after such change has occurred.

(c) Children remaining registered for a period in excess of twelve months shall have their photograph and written description updated within fifteen working days of the expiration of the twelfth month of their registration and every twelve months thereafter.

(d) A child’s registration shall be withdrawn when the photo-listing service has been notified in writing that the child has been adopted, has reached his or her fourteenth birthday and will not consent to an adoption plan or has died.

(P.A. 77-379, S. 2; P.A. 00-137, S. 7.)

History: Sec. 17-444a transferred to Sec. 17a-43 in 1991; P.A. 00-137 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that each registration shall be reported to the court that ordered termination of parental rights.

Sec. 17a-44. (Formerly Sec. 17-444b). Status of photo-listed children. Referral to national adoption exchanges. (a) The photo-listing service shall quarterly check the status of photo-listed children for whom inquiries have been received. Periodic checks shall be made by such service to determine the progress toward adoption of such children and the status of those children registered but never photo-listed because of placement in a preadoptive or adoptive home prior to or at the time of registration.

(b) The commissioner shall refer appropriate children to national adoption exchanges when an adoptive family has not been identified within one hundred eighty days of the termination of the parental rights. The commissioner shall establish criteria by which a determination may be made that a referral to national exchanges is not necessary, and the commissioner shall monitor the status of those children not referred.

(P.A. 77-379, S. 3; P.A. 00-137, S. 8; P.A. 01-159, S. 1.)

History: Sec. 17-444b transferred to Sec. 17a-44 in 1991; P.A. 00-137 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re referral of appropriate children to national adoption exchanges; P.A. 01-159 amended Subsec. (a) by changing “semiannually” to “quarterly” and adding “a preadoptive or” before “adoptive home”.

Sec. 17a-45. (Formerly Sec. 17-444c). Referral to photo-listing service. Any child care or child-placing agency may voluntarily refer any such child to the photo-listing service or, the photo-listing service may determine that the recruitment of an adoptive family through the photo-listing service is appropriate for a child not registered with that service and require the child to be so registered and the child care or child-placing agency shall register that child with the photo-listing service.

(P.A. 77-379, S. 4.)

History: Sec. 17-444c transferred to Sec. 17a-45 in 1991.

Sec. 17a-46. (Formerly Sec. 17-444d). Deferral of photo-listing a child. (a) Deferral of the photo-listing of a child shall be for one or more of the following reasons: (1) The child is in an adoptive placement but is not legally adopted; (2) the child’s foster parents or other individuals are now considering adoption; (3) diagnostic study or testing is required to clarify the child’s problem and provide an adequate description; (4) the child is currently in a hospital and continuing need for daily professional care will not permit placement in a family setting; or (5) the child is fourteen years of age or older and will not consent to an adoption plan.

(b) Approval of a request to defer photo-listing for any of the reasons specified in subdivision (2) or (3) of subsection (a) of this section shall be valid for a period not to exceed ninety days. There shall be no subsequent deferrals for such reasons.

(P.A. 77-379, S. 5; P.A. 07-217, S. 70.)

History: Sec. 17-444d transferred to Sec. 17a-46 in 1991; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective July 12, 2007.

Sec. 17a-47. (Formerly Sec. 17-445). Legal division re child abuse and neglect. There shall be a legal division which shall consist of attorneys-at-law assigned to the Department of Children and Families, who shall be on the staff and under the supervision of the Commissioner of Children and Families. There shall also be assistant attorneys general on the staff and under the direct supervision of the Attorney General. Such assistant attorneys general shall diligently prosecute petitions of neglect giving priority to petitions which allege child abuse as the grounds of neglect. Such assistant attorneys general and the department shall cooperate in preparation of such cases as shall be necessary to protect the safety and best interest of the child named in the petition.

(P.A. 77-577, S. 1; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-216, S. 5; P.A. 05-246, S. 8.)

History: Sec. 17-445 transferred to Sec. 17a-47 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-216 removed the legal division from the department of children and youth services, removed the reference to three attorneys-at-law, placed the attorneys under the direct supervision of the attorney general and deleted provision which had stated that legal division not to be considered a replacement for, but an addition to, attorney general’s staff responsible for prosecuting petitions for neglected, uncared for and dependent children; P.A. 05-246 provided that legal division to consist of attorneys assigned to Department of Children and Families and assistant attorneys general, made conforming changes and added reference to safety of child, effective July 8, 2005.

See Sec. 17a-106 re cooperative efforts to prevent, identify and treat child abuse and neglect.

See Sec. 53a-196a re felony offense of employing minor in obscene performance.

Commissioner or commissioner’s designee has express authority to prepare, sign and file petitions for termination of parental rights. 247 C. 1.

Sec. 17a-48. (Formerly Sec. 17-445a). Commissioner to take custody of child who is victim of employment in obscene performance. Section 17a-48 is repealed.

(P.A. 77-577, S. 3; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 96-246, S. 38.)

Sec. 17a-49. (Formerly Sec. 17-446). Grants for programs to treat and prevent child abuse and neglect and programs for juvenile criminal diversion. (a) The Commissioner of Children and Families shall, upon application of any public or private organization or agency, make grants, within available appropriations, to develop and maintain programs for the treatment and prevention of child abuse and neglect, including, but not limited to, child protection teams and parent aid programs.

(b) The Commissioner of Children and Families shall, upon application of any public or private organization or agency, make grants, within available appropriations, to develop and maintain programs for juvenile criminal diversion.

(P.A. 79-447, S. 1, 3; P.A. 82-295, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 96-194, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 82-295 added Subsec. (b) authorizing commissioner, effective July 1, 1982, to make grants to develop and maintain juvenile criminal diversion programs; Sec. 17-446 transferred to Sec. 17a-49 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 96-194 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting a provision prohibiting a grant from providing more than 75% of the total cost of any program.

See Sec. 17a-101 re protection of children from abuse.

Sec. 17a-50. Transferred to Chapter 319rr, Sec. 17b-751.

Sec. 17a-50a. Transferred to Chapter 319rr, Sec. 17b-751a.

Sec. 17a-51. (Formerly Sec. 17-447). Plan for the reduction of the number of children receiving foster care assistance. Section 17a-51 is repealed.

(P.A. 82-219; P.A. 93-216, S. 8.)

Sec. 17a-52. Youth Suicide Advisory Board established. Composition. (a) There is established a Youth Suicide Advisory Board, within the Department of Children and Families, which shall be a coordinating source for youth suicide prevention. The board shall consist of twenty members, which shall include one psychiatrist licensed to practice medicine in this state, one psychologist licensed in this state, one representative of a local or regional board of education, one high school teacher, one high school student, one college or university faculty member, one college or university student and one parent, all appointed by the Commissioner of Children and Families, one representative of the Department of Public Health appointed by the Commissioner of Public Health, one representative of the state Department of Education appointed by the Commissioner of Education and one representative of the Board of Regents for Higher Education appointed by the president of the Board of Regents for Higher Education. The balance of the board shall be comprised of persons with expertise in the mental health of children or mental health issues with a focus on suicide prevention and shall be appointed by the Commissioner of Children and Families. Members of the board shall serve for two-year terms, without compensation. Any member who fails to attend three consecutive meetings or fifty per cent of all meetings held during any calendar year shall be deemed to have resigned from the board. The Commissioner of Children and Families shall be a nonvoting, ex-officio member of the board. The board shall elect a chairman, and a vice-chairman to act in the chairman’s absence.

(b) The board shall: (1) Increase public awareness of the existence of youth suicide and means of prevention; (2) make recommendations to the commissioner for the development of state-wide training in the prevention of youth suicide; (3) develop a strategic youth suicide prevention plan; (4) recommend interagency policies and procedures for the coordination of services for youths and families in the area of suicide prevention; (5) make recommendations for the establishment and implementation of suicide prevention procedures in schools and communities; (6) establish a coordinated system for the utilization of data for the prevention of youth suicide; and (7) make recommendations concerning the integration of suicide prevention and intervention strategies into other youth-focused prevention and intervention programs.

(P.A. 89-191, S. 1; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-381, S. 14, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 06-196, S. 120; P.A. 11-48, S. 285.)

History: P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner and department of health services with commissioner and department of public health and addiction services and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsec. (b)(4), effective June 7, 2006; pursuant to P.A. 11-48, “Department of Higher Education” and “Commissioner of Higher Education” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “Board of Regents for Higher Education” and “president of the Board of Regents for Higher Education”, respectively, in Subsec. (a), effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 17a-53. Training manual for youth suicide prevention programs. The Department of Children and Families shall develop, within available resources, a training manual for youth suicide prevention programs.

(P.A. 89-191, S. 4; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2.)

History: P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993.

Sec. 17a-54. Parent education and support centers. The Department of Children and Families shall establish, within available appropriations, community-based, multiservice parent education and support centers. The goal of each center shall be to improve parenting and enhance family functioning in order to provide children and youths increased opportunities for positive development. Each center shall provide: (1) Parent education and training services; (2) parent support services; (3) information about and coordination of other community services; (4) consultation services; and (5) coordination of child care and transportation services to facilitate participation in the center’s programs. Each center shall conduct outreach programs and shall be accessible with respect to schedule and location.

(P.A. 90-287, S. 3; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 06-196, S. 121.)

History: P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes, effective June 7, 2006.

Sec. 17a-54a. Support for families with children with serious, chronic medical conditions. The Commissioner of Children and Families, in collaboration with the Commissioners of Economic and Community Development, Social Services, Developmental Services and Public Health, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and the executive director of the Connecticut Housing Finance Authority, shall establish a pilot project to provide affordable housing and support services to families with children who have one or more serious, chronic medical conditions and have ongoing, significant health care service needs.

(May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-1, S. 41; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b).)

History: May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-1 effective July 1, 2004; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 “Commissioner of Mental Retardation” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Developmental Services”, effective October 1, 2007.

Sec. 17a-55. Awarding of grants to community service programs based upon effectiveness. The Commissioner of Children and Families shall implement a system of awarding grants to community service programs whereby such programs are funded proportionate to their effectiveness in treating clients of the department. The evaluation of a program shall be based on (1) an analysis of program outcomes; (2) an assessment of regional needs for treatment services; and (3) the availability of the program to clients of the department. The Department of Children and Families shall collect, maintain and analyze the data to be used in the evaluation process on an ongoing basis. The commissioner shall impose a probationary period on a program found to be ineffective and shall propose requirements for the improvement of such a program. The commissioner shall determine the length of the probationary period and shall cease to fund a program which has not met the proposed requirements for improvement within such period.

(P.A. 91-268, S. 2, 4; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 05-246, S. 9; P.A. 11-105, S. 10.)

History: P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 05-246 amended Subdiv. (2) to delete “regional” and add provision re assessment of needs for treatment services in each service delivery area, effective July 8, 2005; P.A. 11-105 amended Subdiv. (2) by deleting reference to “service delivery area” and adding reference to “regional” needs for services, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 17a-56. Transferred to Chapter 319rr, Sec. 17b-751b.

Sec. 17a-56a. Transferred to Chapter 319rr, Sec. 17b-751c.

Sec. 17a-57. Designation of emergency room nursing staff to take physical custody of infant voluntarily surrendered. Each hospital operating an emergency room shall designate all members of the emergency room nursing staff as employees authorized to take physical custody of an infant pursuant to section 17a-58. There shall be a designated employee on duty at each hospital emergency room during regular business hours. There shall be a designated place inside such hospital emergency room where physical custody may be taken.

(P.A. 00-207, S. 1.)

Sec. 17a-58. Physical custody of infant upon voluntary surrender by parent or agent. Mother’s surrender of custody of infant in hospital. Medical history. Identification bracelet. (a) An employee designated pursuant to section 17a-57 shall take physical custody of any infant thirty days or younger if the parent or lawful agent of the parent voluntarily surrenders physical custody of the infant to such designated employee unless the parent or agent clearly expresses an intent to return for the infant.

(b) If the mother of an infant wishes to voluntarily surrender physical custody of the infant while the mother is in the hospital to give birth to the infant, the mother shall provide notice that she wishes to surrender physical custody of the infant, in writing, on a form prescribed by the Commissioner of Children and Families, and deliver such notice to any health care provider who is licensed by the Department of Public Health and who provides health care services on behalf of the hospital. Upon receipt of such notice, such health care provider shall notify the designated employee pursuant to section 17a-57, who shall immediately take physical custody of the infant. The hospital shall retain the written notice provided by the mother in a file separate from the mother’s medical records. No hospital employee or health care provider shall disclose the contents of the written notice, including the name of the mother, to the Department of Children and Families or any person or organization without the mother’s permission.

(c) The designated employee may request the parent or agent to provide (1) the name of the parent or agent, (2) information on the medical history of the infant and parents, and (3) the infant’s name and date of birth if the infant’s birth has been registered in the state vital records system prior to the surrender of the infant. Notwithstanding such a request from the designated employee, the parent or agent is not required to provide such name or information. The designated employee may provide the parent or agent with a numbered identification bracelet to link the parent or agent to the infant. The bracelet shall be used for identification only and shall not be construed to authorize the person who possesses the bracelet to take custody of the infant on demand. The designated employee shall provide the parent or agent with a pamphlet describing the process established under sections 17a-57 to 17a-61, inclusive, 53-21 and 53-23.

(P.A. 00-207, S. 2; P.A. 10-161, S. 3; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1, S. 64.)

History: P.A. 10-161 added new Subsec. (b) re procedure for mother in hospital to surrender an infant, redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c) and amended same by adding provision allowing designated employee to request infant’s name and date of birth and specifying that, notwithstanding the request, parent or agent is not required to provide information, effective July 1, 2010; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1 amended Subsec. (b) to require health care provider, rather than hospital employee, to notify designated employee upon receipt of notice, prohibit health care provider from disclosing contents of written notice, and make a technical change, effective July 1, 2010.

Sec. 17a-59. Notification of custody. Assumption of care and control by commissioner. (a) Not more than twenty-four hours after taking physical custody of the infant the employee designated pursuant to section 17a-57 shall notify, in accordance with the provisions of sections 17a-101a to 17a-101d, inclusive, the Department of Children and Families of such custody.

(b) The Commissioner of Children and Families shall assume the care and control of the infant immediately upon receipt of notice under subsection (a) of this section. Any infant in the care and control of the commissioner under the provisions of this section shall be considered to be in the custody of the department and the department shall take any action authorized under state law to achieve safety and permanency for the infant, including institution of legal proceedings for guardianship or termination of parental rights. The department shall provide notification of such legal proceedings to any parent of an infant when the identity of the parent is known to the department.

(P.A. 00-207, S. 3; P.A. 10-161, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 10-161 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing “designated employee” with “employee designated pursuant to section 17a-57”, amended Subsec. (b) by adding provisions specifying that department may institute legal proceedings and requiring department to provide notice of such proceedings and by repositioning provision from former Subsec. (c) re infant in care and control of commissioner considered to be in custody of department, and deleted said former Subsec. (c), effective July 1, 2010.

Sec. 17a-60. Reunification of parent with infant. Confidentiality of information provided designated employee. (a) If a person claiming to be a parent or agent of an infant surrendered to a designated employee under section 17a-58 submits a request to the Commissioner of Children and Families for reunification with the infant, the commissioner may identify, contact and investigate such person or agent to determine if such reunification is appropriate or if the parental rights of the parent should be terminated.

(b) Information concerning a parent or agent, or an infant surrendered to a designated employee, shall not be disclosed by the designated employee, if so requested by the parent or agent, except that notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, such employee shall (1) provide to the Commissioner of Children and Families all medical history information provided by the parent, and (2) provide to the Commissioner of Public Health, the name and date of birth of the infant if the infant’s birth has been registered in the state vital records system prior to the surrender of the infant, for the sole purpose of sealing the infant’s original birth record. The infant’s name and date of birth shall not be disclosed on the report of a foundling child described in section 7-59.

(c) Possession of a bracelet linking the parent or agent to an infant surrendered to a designated employee if parental rights have not been terminated creates a presumption the parent or agent has standing to participate in a custody hearing for the infant under chapter 319a but does not create a presumption of maternity, paternity or custody.

(P.A. 00-207, S. 4; P.A. 10-161, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 10-161 replaced “left with” with “surrendered to” throughout, amended Subsec. (b) by replacing provision re confidential information with provision specifying that information is not to be disclosed to parent or agent of surrendered infant, designating existing exception re information provided to Commissioner of Children and Families as Subdiv. (1), adding Subdiv. (2) requiring information to be provided to Commissioner of Public Health and adding provision prohibiting disclosure of certain information on report of foundling child and amended Subsec. (c) by replacing “person” with “agent” and making a technical change, effective July 1, 2010.

Sec. 17a-61. Public information program. The Department of Children and Families, in consultation with the Attorney General, shall prepare a public information program about the process established under sections 17a-57 to 17a-61, inclusive, 53-21 and 53-23. Such program shall include distribution to mothers and agents of a pamphlet that has the following information: (1) An explanation of the process established by sections 17a-57 to 17a-61, inclusive; (2) the legal ramifications and protections for the mother or agent; (3) what will happen to the infant; (4) how to contact the Department of Children and Families with questions and the procedures for reunification; (5) the timelines involved in termination of parental rights and adoption; and (6) any other relevant information.

(P.A. 00-207, S. 5.)

Sec. 17a-61a. Accreditation of Department of Children and Families by Council on Accreditation. The Commissioner of Children and Families shall apply, within a reasonable time, for accreditation of the Department of Children and Families by the Council on Accreditation. The commissioner shall comply with all procedural and administrative requirements of said council and after obtaining accreditation shall apply for renewal when such renewal is due.

(P.A. 05-246, S. 16.)

History: P.A. 05-246 effective July 1, 2005.

Sec. 17a-62. Commissioner of Children and Families to monitor certain at-risk children and youth. Annual report to General Assembly. On or before February 1, 2010, and annually thereafter, the Commissioner of Children and Families shall submit a report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to human services and the select committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to children. The report shall include the following information, for the preceding calendar year, for children and youth in the custody of the Department of Children and Families: (1) The number and age of such children and youth who are living in a psychiatric hospital or out-of-state residential treatment center, the average length of stay for such children and youth, the number of children and youth who have overstayed their estimated placement time in such placements and an analysis of the reasons for the placements out of state and overstays; (2) the number and age of such children and youth who are runaways or homeless, including (A) the number of episodes of unauthorized absence from the department’s care for one full day or more; (B) the total number of children and youth involved in such episodes and, of that number, (i) the number of children and youth having one such episode, (ii) the number of children and youth having two such episodes, (iii) the number of children and youth having three such episodes, and (iv) the number of children and youth having more than three such episodes; (C) the average number of children and youth who, without authorization, are absent from the department’s care each day; (D) the number of children and youth having an episode of unauthorized absence from the department’s care according to age group as follows: Those (i) under six years of age, (ii) six to nine years of age, (iii) ten to twelve years of age, (iv) thirteen to fifteen years of age, and (v) sixteen or seventeen years of age; (E) the number of days of unauthorized absence from the department’s care according to the period of time absent as follows: (i) Less than two days, (ii) three to seven days, (iii) eight to fourteen days, (iv) fifteen to thirty days, (v) thirty-one to sixty days, (vi) sixty-one to one hundred twenty days, (vii) one hundred twenty-one to one hundred eighty days, and (viii) more than one hundred eighty days; (F) an analysis of the trends relating to runaways and homelessness; and (G) a description of the strategies employed and policies implemented by the department to address runaways and homelessness and to reduce the number and duration of episodes of absence from the department’s care; (3) the number and age of children and youth who have a permanency plan of another planned permanency living arrangement and an analysis of the trends relating to permanency plans; and (4) the number and age of children and youth who have refused services offered by the department and an analysis of the trends relating to participation in services. The commissioner shall conduct case and service reviews for each child in the groups described in subdivisions (1) to (4), inclusive, of this section.

(P.A. 09-96, S. 1; P.A. 11-240, S. 4.)

History: P.A. 09-96 effective July 1, 2009; P.A. 11-240 amended Subdiv. (2) by replacing provision re number of days with Subparas. (A) to (E) and (G) re specific information to be included in report re runaway and homeless children and youth, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 17a-62a. Homeless youth program. (a) As used in this section:

(1) “Homeless youth” means a person under twenty-one years of age who is without shelter where appropriate care and supervision are available and who lacks a fixed, regular and adequate nighttime residence, including a youth under the age of eighteen whose parent or legal guardian is unable or unwilling to provide shelter and appropriate care;

(2) “Fixed, regular and adequate nighttime residence” means a dwelling at which a person resides on a regular basis that adequately provides safe shelter, but does not include (A) a publicly or privately operated institutional shelter designed to provide temporary living accommodations; (B) transitional housing; (C) a temporary placement with a peer, friend or family member who has not offered a permanent residence, residential lease or temporary lodging for more than thirty days; or (D) a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping place by human beings; and

(3) “Aftercare services” means continued counseling, guidance or support for not more than six months following the provision of services.

(b) The Department of Children and Families, within available appropriations, shall establish a program that provides one or more of the following services for homeless youth: Public outreach, respite housing, and transitional living services for homeless youth and youth at risk of homelessness. The department may enter into a contract with nonprofit organizations or municipalities to implement this section. Such program may have the following components:

(1) A public outreach and drop-in component that provides youth drop-in centers with walk-in access to crisis intervention and ongoing supportive services, including one-to-one case management services on a self-referral basis and public outreach that locates, contacts and provides information, referrals and services to homeless youth and youth at risk of homelessness. Such component may include, but need not be limited to, information, referrals and services for (A) family reunification services, conflict resolution or mediation counseling; (B) respite housing, case management aimed at obtaining food, clothing, medical care or mental health counseling, counseling regarding violence, prostitution, substance abuse, sexually transmitted diseases, HIV and pregnancy, and referrals to agencies that provide support services to homeless youth and youth at risk of homelessness; (C) education, employment and independent living skills; (D) aftercare services; and (E) specialized services for highly vulnerable homeless youth, including teen parents, sexually exploited youth and youth with mental illness or developmental disabilities;

(2) A respite housing component that provides homeless youth with referrals and walk-in access to respite care on an emergency basis that includes voluntary housing, with private shower facilities, beds and at least one meal each day, and assistance with reunification with family or a legal guardian when required or appropriate. Services provided at respite housing may include, but need not be limited to, (A) family reunification services or referral to safe housing; (B) individual, family and group counseling; (C) assistance in obtaining clothing; (D) access to medical and dental care and mental health counseling; (E) education and employment services; (F) recreational activities; (G) case management, advocacy and referral services; (H) independent living skills training; and (I) aftercare services and transportation; and

(3) A transitional living component that (A) assists homeless youth in finding and maintaining safe housing, and (B) includes rental assistance and related supportive services. Such component may include, but need not be limited to, (i) educational assessment and referral to educational programs; (ii) career planning, employment, job skills training and independent living skills training; (iii) job placement; (iv) budgeting and money management; (v) assistance in securing housing appropriate to needs and income; (vi) counseling regarding violence, prostitution, substance abuse, sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy, referral for medical services or chemical dependency treatment; and (vii) parenting skills, self-sufficiency support services or life skills training and aftercare services.

(c) On or before February 1, 2012, and annually thereafter, the Commissioner of Children and Families shall submit a report regarding the program established under subsection (b) of this section, in accordance with section 11-4a, to the select committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to children. The report shall include recommendations for any changes to the program to ensure that the best available services are being delivered to homeless youth and youth at risk of homelessness. The report shall include key outcome indicators and measures and shall set benchmarks for evaluating progress in accomplishing the purposes of subsection (b) of this section.

(P.A. 10-179, S. 28, 30; P.A. 11-25, S. 3.)

History: (Revisor’s note: In codifying P.A. 10-179, S. 30, a reference to “section 1 of this act” was deemed by the Revisors to be a reference to “section 28 of this act” and therefore cited as “subsection (b) of this section” in Subsec. (c)); P.A. 11-25 made technical changes in Subsec. (a)(1) and (2) and Subsec. (b).

Sec. 17a-62b. Services for homeless children and youth. A public or private agency serving children and youth may provide services to a homeless child or youth, as defined in 42 USC 11434a, unless the parent or guardian does not consent to such services or withdraws such consent. Such agency shall make all reasonable efforts to contact the parent or guardian for consent and shall be immune from liability, civil or criminal, which might otherwise be incurred or imposed, provided the agency provided such services in good faith and not negligently.

(P.A. 10-179, S. 29.)

Sec. 17a-63. Internal departmental and administrative case reviews. Results. Department-wide deficiencies. Annual report to General Assembly. The Commissioner of Children and Families shall submit, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a and within available appropriations, an annual report to the select committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to children regarding (1) the results of Connecticut comprehensive objective reviews conducted by the Department of Children and Families, including any recommendations contained in such reviews and any steps taken by the department to implement such recommendations; (2) the aggregate data from each administrative case review, including any information regarding the strengths and deficiencies of the department’s case review process; and (3) any steps the department is taking to address department-wide deficiencies.

(P.A. 09-194, S. 1.)

See Sec. 17a-6c re report to General Assembly concerning youths in care and custody of Department of Children and Families.

Sec. 17a-63a. Private service provider. Contract with Department of Children and Families. Measurable outcomes. Annual report to General Assembly. The Commissioner of Children and Families shall (1) determine measurable outcomes for each type of service provided by a private provider pursuant to such provider’s contract with the Department of Children and Families; (2) incorporate such outcomes into the department’s contract with each such provider; and (3) include achievement of such outcomes and other quality indicators in annual evaluations of each such provider. The department shall, annually, submit a report, in accordance with section 11-4a, to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to human services on the department’s progress in implementing such steps, including (A) the number of service types with outcomes, (B) the types of outcomes, (C) the incorporation of such outcomes into contracts, and (D) the application of outcome information into quality improvement.

(P.A. 09-194, S. 2.)

Secs. 17a-64 to 17a-74. Reserved for future use.

PART II*

COMMITMENT OF MENTALLY ILL CHILDREN

*See Sec. 17a-487 re cooperation of Department of Children and Families and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services in cases involving serious injury or unexpected death of persons served by both departments.

Sec. 17a-75. (Formerly Sec. 17-205b). Definitions. For the purposes of sections 17a-75 to 17a-83, inclusive, the following terms shall have the following meanings: “Business day” means Monday through Friday except when a legal holiday falls thereon; “child” means any person less than sixteen years of age; “court” means the Superior Court-Juvenile Matters or the Court of Probate, unless either court is specifically stated; “hospital for mental illness of children” means any hospital, which provides, in whole or in part, diagnostic or treatment services for mental disorders of children, but shall not include any correctional institution of this state; “mental disorder” means a mental or emotional condition which has substantial adverse effects on a child’s ability to function so as to jeopardize his or her health, safety or welfare or that of others, and specifically excludes mental retardation; “parent” means parent or legal guardian, including any guardian appointed under the provisions of subsection (i) of section 46b-129 or sections 45a-132, 45a-593 to 45a-597, inclusive, 45a-603 to 45a-622, inclusive, 45a-629 to 45a-638, inclusive, 45a-707 to 45a-709, inclusive, 45a-715 to 45a-718, inclusive, 45a-724 to 45a-737, inclusive, or 45a-743 to 45a-756, inclusive.

(P.A. 79-511, S. 1; P.A. 81-247, S. 5, 7; 81-472, S. 32, 159; P.A. 98-241, S. 10.)

History: P.A. 81-247 eliminated surrogate parents from the definition of “parent” for purposes of commitment of mentally ill children; P.A. 81-472 deleted reference to defined terms’ applicability to Sec. 17-184; Sec. 17-205b transferred to Sec. 17a-75 in 1991; P.A. 98-241 corrected reference by changing Subsec. (d) to Subsec. (i) of Sec. 46b-129.

Sec. 17a-76. (Formerly Sec. 17-205c). Application for commitment of mentally ill child. Jurisdiction. Transfer to Superior Court, when. Appointment of counsel. Three-judge court, members, powers. (a) Application for commitment of a mentally ill child to a hospital for mental illness shall be made to the court of probate in the district in which such child resides, or when his or her place of residence is out of state or unknown, the district in which he or she may be at the time of filing the application, except in cases where it is otherwise expressly provided by law. In any case in which the child is hospitalized under sections 17a-75 to 17a-83, inclusive, and an application for the commitment of such child is filed in accordance with the provisions of sections 17a-75 to 17a-83, inclusive, the jurisdiction shall be vested in the court of probate for the district in which the hospital where such child is a patient is located. In the event that an application has previously been filed in another court of probate with respect to the same confinement, no further action shall be taken on such previous application. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 45a-7, if the child is confined to a hospital outside the district of the court of probate in which the application for the child’s commitment was made, the judge of probate from the district where the application was filed shall have jurisdiction to hold the hearing on such commitment at the hospital where such child is hospitalized. The court shall exercise jurisdiction only upon written application alleging that such child suffers from a mental disorder and is in need of treatment. Such application may be made by any person, and shall include the name and address of the hospital for mental illness to which the child’s commitment is being sought and shall include the name, address and telephone number of any attorney appointed for the child by the Superior Court pursuant to section 46b-129.

(b) Any application for commitment of any child under sections 17a-75 to 17a-83, inclusive, shall be transferred from the court of probate where it has been filed to the superior court of appropriate venue upon motion of any legal party except the petitioner.

(c) The motion for such transfer shall be filed with the court of probate prior to the beginning of any hearing on the merits. The moving party shall send copies of such motion to all parties of record. The court shall grant such motion the next business day after its receipt by the court. Immediately upon granting the motion, the clerk of the court shall transmit by certified mail the original file and papers to the superior court having jurisdiction. All parties to the proceeding shall be notified of the date on which the file and papers were transferred.

(d) The court of probate shall appoint an attorney for such child from the panel of attorneys established by subsection (b) of section 17a-498 on the next business day after receipt of the application, and as soon as reasonably possible shall appoint physicians as required under section 17a-77, which appointments shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding the fact that the matter has been transferred to the Superior Court.

(e) On any matter not transferred to the Superior Court in accordance with this section, upon the motion of the child for whom application has been made, or his or her counsel, or the judge of probate having jurisdiction over such application, filed not later than three days prior to any hearing scheduled on such application, the Probate Court Administrator shall appoint a three-judge court from among the several judges of probate to hear such application. Such three-judge court shall consist of at least one judge who is an attorney at law admitted to practice in this state. The judge of the court of probate having jurisdiction over such application under the provisions of this section shall be a member, provided such judge may disqualify himself or herself in which case all three members of such court shall be appointed by the Probate Court Administrator. Such three-judge court when convened shall have all the powers and duties set forth under sections 17a-75 to 17a-83, inclusive, and shall be subject to all of the provisions of law as if it were a single-judge court. No such child shall be involuntarily hospitalized without the vote of at least two of the three judges convened under the provisions of this section. The judges of such court shall designate a chief judge from among their members. All records for any case before the three-judge court shall be maintained in the court of probate having jurisdiction over the matter.

(P.A. 79-511, S. 2; P.A. 81-472, S. 33, 34, 159; P.A. 01-142, S. 4.)

History: P.A. 81-472 removed Sec. 17-184 from the scope of Subsecs. (a), (b) and (e) of this section; Sec. 17-205c transferred to Sec. 17a-76 in 1991; P.A. 01-142 amended Subsec. (a) by requiring application to include name, address and telephone number of any attorney appointed for the child by Superior Court pursuant to Sec. 46b-129 and making a technical change for purposes of gender neutrality.

Sec. 17a-77. (Formerly Sec. 17-205d). Hearing. Notice to child, parents, guardian. Availability of records. Physicians, appointment; certificate; report. Right of child to be at hearing. Order for commitment. Transfer to other institutions. Recommitment. (a) Upon receipt of such application, the court shall assign a time for the hearing, not later than ten business days after such receipt, unless such application has been transferred in accordance with section 17a-76, in which event such hearing shall be held by the Superior Court within ten business days of receipt of such application. The court hearing the matter shall further assign a place for hearing such application and shall cause reasonable notice thereof to be given to the child, his or her parents and the hospital for mental illness named in such application and to such relatives and others as it deems advisable. The notice shall inform the child (1) that he or she has a right to be present at the hearing; (2) that he or she has a right to present evidence and to cross-examine witnesses testifying at any hearing upon such application; (3) that the court has appointed an attorney to represent him or her, and the name, address and telephone number of such attorney. Counsel appointed to represent such child shall also be appointed guardian ad litem for such child unless the court deems it appropriate to appoint a separate guardian ad litem. The fees for counsel appointed to represent the child shall be paid by the parents or guardian or the estate of such child. The notice to the child’s parents or legal guardian shall inform them that (A) they have the right to be present at the hearing; (B) they have the right to present evidence and to cross-examine witnesses testifying at the hearing upon such application; and (C) they may be represented by an attorney and if they cannot afford an attorney, that the court shall appoint an attorney to represent them. The notice to the hospital for mental illness of children shall inform such hospital of the time and place of the hearing, and request that if such hospital is unable to admit such child, it shall so inform the court immediately. Prior to such hearing, counsel for the child and counsel for the parents, respectively, in accordance with the provisions of section 52-146e, shall be afforded access to all records including, without limitation, hospital records if such child is hospitalized, and shall be entitled to take notes therefrom. If such child is hospitalized at the time of any hearing held under this section, the hospital shall make available at such hearing for use by the court or his or her counsel and by counsel for the parents all records in its possession relating to the child’s need for hospitalization. The reasonable compensation of counsel appointed under the provisions of this section for persons who are indigent or otherwise unable to pay shall be established by, and paid from funds appropriated to, the Judicial Department, however, if funds have not been included in the budget of the Judicial Department for such purposes, such compensation shall be established by the Probate Court Administrator and paid from the Probate Court Administration Fund.

(b) The court hearing the matter shall require a sworn certificate from at least two impartial physicians selected by the court, one of whom shall be a physician specializing in psychiatry. Both physicians shall be licensed to practice medicine in this state and shall have practiced medicine for at least one year. All appointments shall be made in accordance with procedures adopted by the Judicial Department. If such appointments have not already been made for a case transferred from the Probate Court under subsections (b) and (c) of section 17a-76, then such physicians shall be appointed as soon as reasonably possible by the superior court to which such matter has been transferred. Each physician shall make a report on a separate form adopted for such purpose by the Probate Court Administrator or the Superior Court. The certificates shall include a statement from each physician that he has personally examined such child within ten days of the hearing. The charges for such physicians shall be established by the Judicial Department and shall be paid in accordance with section 17a-82.

(c) If the child refuses to be examined by the court appointed physicians as herein provided, the court may issue a warrant for the apprehension of the child and a police officer for the town in which such court is located or if there is no such police officer then the state police shall deliver the child to a general hospital where he shall be examined by two physicians one of whom shall be a psychiatrist, in accordance with subsection (b) of this section. If, as a result of such examination, the child is committed under subsection (e) of this section, transportation of the child to any such hospital shall be in accordance with said subsection (e). If the child is not committed under subsection (e) of this section, he shall be released and the reports of such physicians shall be sent to the Court of Probate to satisfy the requirement of examination of two physicians under subsection (b) of this section.

(d) The child shall be present at any hearing for his or her commitment under the provisions of this section, provided the court may exclude him or her from such portions of the hearing at which testimony is given which the court determines would be seriously detrimental to his or her emotional or mental condition. If the child is medicated at that time, a representative from the hospital shall inform the court of such fact and of the common effects of such medication. At the request of counsel for such child or if in the opinion of at least one physician the child could be a danger to himself or herself or others or it would be detrimental to the child’s health and welfare to travel to the court facility hearing the application, then such hearing shall be held at the hospital in which the child is hospitalized. In that event, such hospital shall provide adequate facilities for such hearing. All interested parties shall have the right to present evidence and cross-examine witnesses who testify at any hearing on the application.

(e) If, after such hearing, the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that the child suffers from a mental disorder, is in need of hospitalization for treatment, and such treatment is available, and such hospitalization is the least restrictive available alternative, it shall make an order for his or her commitment for a definite period not to exceed six months to a hospital for mental illness of children to be named in such order. Unless already hospitalized, such order shall direct some suitable person to convey the child to such hospital together with a copy of such order. In appointing a person to execute such order, the court shall give preference to a near relative or friend of the child, so far as it deems practicable and judicious. All costs for transportation shall be paid in accordance with section 17a-82. Such hospital shall release the child when it concludes that he or she is no longer in need of hospitalization.

(f) Any child who has been committed by any court to a hospital for mental illness of children may be transferred to any other hospital for mental illness of children upon agreement of the superintendents of the respective institutions from and to which it is desired to make such transfer. Such agreement shall be in writing, executed in triplicate and in accordance with a form prescribed by the Attorney General, which form shall be uniform throughout the state. One copy of such agreement shall be filed for record in the court by which such person was committed and one copy retained in the files of each of the institutions participating in such transfer. Any such agreement shall have the same effect as an order of the court committing the person named in such order. No such transfer shall be made until the parent or representative of the child has received written notification. The parent of any child so transferred, or his or her next friend, may make application to the court which made the order of commitment, for a revocation or modification of such agreement, and such court shall order such notice of the time and place of hearing on such application as it finds reasonable and upon such hearing may revoke, modify or affirm such transfer. Such application shall act as a stay of any such order of transfer. Such hospital shall release the child when it concludes that he or she is no longer in need of hospitalization.

(g) No later than ten days prior to the expiration of the period of commitment, or prior to the expiration of any period of recommitment under the provisions of sections 17a-75 to 17a-83, inclusive, an application for recommitment may be brought by any person to the court which heard the original application. Such application shall be brought in conformity with the provisions of this section and section 17a-76 and may result in a further commitment for a definite period not to exceed six months. In the event such an application is filed, the original commitment or recommitment order shall be extended for a sufficient time to hold a hearing under this section and section 17a-76, but in no event for more than twenty days beyond the expiration of the original commitment or recommitment. All fees and expenses incurred upon proceedings required by this section shall be payable as provided in section 17a-82.

(P.A. 79-511, S. 3; P.A. 80-204; 80-269; P.A. 81-472, S. 35, 159; P.A. 83-295, S. 22; P.A. 89-326, S. 5, 7; P.A. 96-170, S. 2, 23; P.A. 97-90, S. 5, 6.)

History: P.A. 80-204 inserted new Subsec. (c) re procedure when child refuses to be examined, redesignating former Subsec. (c) and remaining Subsecs. accordingly; P.A. 80-269 specified that ten-day deadline in Subsec. (a) refers to “business” days, required appointments to be in accordance with judicial department procedures rather than supreme court rules in Subsec. (b) and moved provision re child’s release when no longer in need of hospitalization from Subsec. (e) to Subsec. (d); P.A. 81-472 removed Sec. 17-184 from the scope of Subsec. (g); P.A. 83-295 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that the reasonable compensation of counsel appointed to represent indigent persons shall be established by the judicial department rather than “the court in accordance with rules adopted by the superior court”; P.A. 89-326 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that the compensation of appointed counsel shall be established by the probate court administrator, rather than by the judicial department, and be paid from the probate court administration fund, rather than from funds appropriated to the judicial department; Sec. 17-205d transferred to Sec. 17a-77 in 1991; P.A. 96-170 amended Subsec. (a) by changing funding of counsel from Probate Court Administration Fund to funds appropriated to Judicial Department unless funds not included in budget of Judicial Department for such purpose, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 97-90 revised effective date of P.A. 96-170 but without affecting this section.

Sec. 17a-78. (Formerly Sec. 17-205e). Hospitalization of child for diagnosis or treatment of mental disorder. Examination. Discharge. Rights to be explained. Hearing. Duties of hospital. Order for continued hospitalization. Immediate discharge. Issuance of emergency certificate. (a) If a physician determines that a child is in need of immediate hospitalization for evaluation or treatment of a mental disorder, the child may be hospitalized under an emergency or diagnostic certificate as provided in this section for not more than fifteen days without order of any court, unless a written application for commitment of such child has been filed in the Court of Probate prior to the expiration of the fifteen days, in which event such hospitalization shall be continued under the emergency certificate for an additional fifteen days or twenty-five days if the matter has been transferred to the Superior Court, or until the completion of court proceedings, whichever occurs first. At the time of delivery of such child to such hospital, there shall be left, with the persons in charge of such hospital, a certificate, signed by a physician licensed to practice medicine or surgery in Connecticut and dated not more than three days prior to its delivery to the person in charge of the hospital. Such certificate shall state the findings of the physician and the date of personal examination of the child to be hospitalized, which shall be not more than three days prior to the date of the signature of the certificate.

(b) Any child hospitalized under this section shall be examined by a physician specializing in psychiatry within twenty-four hours of admission. If such physician is of the opinion that the child does not require hospitalization for emergency evaluation or treatment of a mental disorder, such child shall be immediately discharged. The physician shall record his or her findings in a permanent record.

(c) If any child is hospitalized under this section, the child and the guardian of such child shall be promptly informed by the hospital that such child has the right to consult an attorney and the right to a hearing under subsection (d) of this section, and that if such a hearing is requested or an application for commitment is filed, such child has the right to be represented by counsel, and that counsel will be provided at the state’s expense if the child is unable to pay for such counsel. The reasonable compensation for counsel provided to persons unable to pay shall be established by, and paid from funds appropriated to, the Judicial Department, however, if funds have not been included in the budget of the Judicial Department for such purposes, such compensation shall be established by the Probate Court Administrator and paid from the Probate Court Administration Fund.

(d) At any time prior to the initiation of proceedings under section 17a-76, any child hospitalized under this section or his or her representative, may, in writing, request a hearing. Such hearing shall be held within seventy-two hours of receipt of such request, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays. At such hearing, the child shall have the right to be present, to cross-examine all witnesses testifying, and to be represented by counsel as provided in section 17a-76. The hearing shall be held by the court of probate having jurisdiction for commitment as provided in section 17a-76, and the hospital shall immediately notify such court of any request for a hearing by a child hospitalized under this section. At the conclusion of the hearing, if the court finds that there is probable cause to conclude that the child is subject to involuntary hospitalization under this section, considering the condition of the child at the time of the admission and at the time of the hearing, the effects of medication, if any, and the advisability of continued treatment based on testimony from the hospital staff, the court shall order that such child’s hospitalization continue for the remaining time provided for in the emergency certificate or until the completion of probate proceedings under section 17a-76. If the court does not find there is probable cause to conclude that the child is subject to involuntary hospitalization under this section, the child shall be immediately discharged.

(e) The superintendent or director of any hospital for mental illness of children shall immediately discharge any child admitted under this section who is later found not to meet the standards for emergency treatment.

(f) Any clinical social worker licensed under chapter 383b, advanced practice registered nurse licensed under chapter 378 or professional counselor licensed under chapter 383c who has (1) received a minimum of eight hours of specialized training in the conduct of direct evaluations as a member of any emergency mobile psychiatric services team under contract with the Department of Children and Families, and (2) reasonable cause to believe, based on a direct evaluation of a child, that such child (A) has psychiatric disabilities, (B) is dangerous to himself or others or gravely disabled, and (C) is in need of immediate care and treatment may issue an emergency certificate that requires the hospitalization of such child for a psychiatric and medical evaluation. Such child shall be evaluated not later than twenty-four hours after the issuance of the emergency certificate and shall not be held for more than seventy-two hours pursuant to such certificate unless committed pursuant to section 17a-77. The Commissioner of Children and Families shall collect and maintain statistical and demographic information pertaining to emergency certificates issued under this subsection.

(P.A. 79-511, S. 4; P.A. 93-197; P.A. 96-170, S. 3, 23; P.A. 97-90, S. 5, 6; P.A. 10-170, S. 1.)

History: Sec. 17-205e transferred to Sec. 17a-78 in 1991; P.A. 93-197 added Subsecs. (c) and (d) re hearing concerning hospitalization of child under an emergency or diagnostic certificate; P.A. 96-170 amended Subsec. (c) by changing funding of compensation of counsel from Probate Court Administration Fund to funds appropriated to Judicial Department, unless funds not included in budget of Judicial Department for such purpose, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 97-90 revised effective date of P.A. 96-170 but without affecting this section; P.A. 10-170 added Subsec. (f) re issuance of emergency certificate for hospitalization of child for psychiatric and medical evaluation.

Sec. 17a-79. (Formerly Sec. 17-205f). Hospitalization of child for diagnosis or treatment of mental disorder. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any hospital may admit any child for diagnosis or treatment of a mental disorder upon the written request of the child’s parent. A child fourteen years of age or over may be admitted under this section without consent of his or her parents if such child consents in writing, provided that the parents of such child, if any, shall be notified within five days of such admission that such child has been hospitalized under the provisions of this subsection. If the whereabouts of such parents are unknown, then such child’s nearest relative shall be so notified. In the event that a child’s parent or guardian requests in writing release of such child, or in the event a child age fourteen or older who has been admitted with his or her written consent requests in writing his or her release, the hospital shall release such child or commence commitment proceedings in accordance with sections 17a-76 and 17a-77 and the hospital may detain the child for five business days, in order to allow an application to be filed. In the event such an application is filed, such hospitalization shall be continued for an additional period of time to allow such application to be heard, but in no event shall such hospitalization continue for more than fifteen days, or twenty-five days, if the matter has been transferred to the Superior Court, beyond the receipt of such application by the court.

(b) No child in the custody of the Commissioner of Children and Families shall be admitted for diagnosis or treatment except in accordance with sections 17a-76 to 17a-78, inclusive, unless (1) the commissioner requests such admission, (2) legal counsel appointed by the superior court for juvenile matters or court of probate in accordance with section 17a-76 agrees, in writing, to such admission, and (3) the child, if fourteen years of age or over consents to such admission. The parents or guardian of the person of such child, if any, shall be notified within five days of such admission that such child has been hospitalized under the provisions of this section. If the whereabouts of such parents or guardian of the person is unknown, then the nearest relative of such child shall be notified. In the event either parent or the guardian of the person of the child requests in writing the release of such child, the hospital shall release such child, unless the Commissioner of Children and Families commences commitment proceedings in accordance with sections 17a-76 and 17a-77. The hospital may detain the child for five business days after receipt of the written request in order to allow an application to be filed. If an application is filed, hospitalization shall be continued for an additional period of time to allow the application to be heard, but in no event shall hospitalization continue for more than fifteen days, or twenty-five days, if the matter has been transferred to the Superior Court, beyond the receipt of such application by the court.

(P.A. 79-511, S. 5; P.A. 81-247, S. 6, 7; P.A. 86-311, S. 1; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 05-246, S. 11.)

History: P.A. 81-247 eliminated the provision that allowed surrogate parents to request admission of a child to a hospital for diagnosis or treatment of a mental disorder; P.A. 86-311 divided the section into Subsecs. (a) and (b), in Subsec. (a) deleting language concerning the admission of a child who is in the custody of the commissioner of children and youth services for diagnosis or treatment, and adding provisions as new Subsec. (b) which provided the standard of when a child in the commissioner’s custody may be admitted for diagnosis and treatment; Sec. 17-205f transferred to Sec. 17a-79 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P. A. 05-246 amended Subsec. (b)(2) to specify that legal counsel be appointed by the superior court for juvenile matters of the court of probate.

Sec. 17a-80. (Formerly Sec. 17-205g). Right of review of status as voluntary patient. Hearing. Child’s right to be at hearing. Duties of hospital. If any child fourteen years of age or over hospitalized upon the written request of his or her parent under section 17a-79, or his or her representative, requests a hearing in writing, to review his or her status as a voluntary patient, such hearing shall be held within three business days. Any child fourteen years of age or over shall be informed in writing of his or her right to have a hearing under this section upon admission to the hospital and any child reaching the age of fourteen who is already hospitalized as a voluntary patient shall be informed within five days of his or her reaching such age. At such hearing, the child shall have the right to be present, to cross-examine all witnesses testifying, and to be represented by counsel as provided in section 17a-77. The hearing may be requested at any time prior to the initiation of proceedings under section 17a-76. The hearing shall be held by the court of probate in the district in which the hospital is located. The hospital shall immediately notify such court of any request for a hearing by a child hospitalized under section 17a-79. At the conclusion of the hearing, unless the court finds that there is clear and convincing evidence to conclude that the child suffers from a mental disorder and is in need of hospitalization for treatment, that such treatment is available and that there is no less restrictive available alternative, the court shall order such child’s release from the hospital, otherwise such hospitalization may continue in accordance with section 17a-79. In no event shall a request for a hearing under this section be granted more than once in each ninety-day period. All fees and expenses incurred upon proceedings required by this section shall be paid as provided in section 17a-82. The hospital shall furnish the court of probate in the district in which such hospital is located, on a monthly basis, a list of all children admitted under the provisions of section 17a-79 who have been hospitalized for a period of one year. Within ten days thereafter, such court shall appoint an impartial physician specializing in psychiatry from the panel of physicians established under subsection (b) of section 17a-77 who shall see and examine each such child within fifteen days after the appointment. If, in the opinion of such physician, such child does not need continued hospitalization, then such child shall be released unless an application is filed for his or her hospitalization under the provisions of sections 17a-76 to 17a-78, inclusive.

(P.A. 79-511, S. 6.)

History: Sec. 17-205g transferred to Sec. 17a-80 in 1991.

Sec. 17a-81. (Formerly Sec. 17-205h). Parental consent necessary for treatment. Exceptions. (a) Parental consent shall be necessary for treatment. In the event such consent is withheld or immediately unavailable and the physician concludes that treatment is necessary to prevent serious harm to the child, such emergency treatment may be administered pending receipt of parental consent.

(b) Involuntary patients may receive medication and treatment without their consent, or the consent of their parents, but no medical or surgical procedures may be performed without the written informed consent of: (1) The child’s parent, if he or she has one; or (2) such child’s next of kin; or (3) a qualified physician appointed by a judge of the Probate Court who signed the order of hospitalization, except in accordance with subsection (c) of this section.

(c) If the head of a hospital, in consultation with a physician, determines that the condition of a child, whether a voluntary or involuntary patient, is of an extremely critical nature, then emergency measures may be taken without the consent otherwise provided for in this section.

(P.A. 79-511, S. 7.)

History: Sec. 17-205h transferred to Sec. 17a-81 in 1991.

Sec. 17a-82. (Formerly Sec. 17-205i). Payment of commitment and transportation expenses. (a) When any child is in need of hospitalization and is hospitalized in a state hospital for children under sections 17a-75 to 17a-83, inclusive, or when an applicant is indigent, all fees and expenses incurred upon the court commitment proceedings, except attorneys fees paid pursuant to the provisions of section 17a-77, shall be paid by the state, from funds appropriated to the Department of Children and Families, and if any child is hospitalized in a private hospital or if any child is found not to be mentally disordered and in need of hospitalization, such fees and expenses shall be paid by the applicant, except attorneys fees paid under the provisions of section 17a-77. Compensation shall be determined by the court hearing the matter in accordance with rules adopted by the Superior Court.

(b) The expenses, if any, of necessary transportation to a state hospital for mental illness for hospitalization of any child shall be paid for by the Department of Children and Families, if such child or legally liable relative is unable to pay for the same.

(c) The expenses of medically necessary transportation from any state facility or hospital to any other state facility or hospital shall be assumed by the state facility or hospital which initiated the transfer of such child.

(P.A. 79-511, S. 8; P.A. 81-472, S. 36, 159; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2.)

History: P.A. 81-472 removed Sec. 17-184 from the scope of Subsec. (a); Sec. 17-205i transferred to Sec. 17a-82 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993.

Sec. 17a-83. (Formerly Sec. 17-205j). Penalty for conspiring to commit any child to a hospital for mental illness. Any person who wilfully files or attempts to file or conspires with any person to file a fraudulent or malicious application, order or request for the commitment, hospitalization or treatment of any child pursuant to section 17a-76, 17a-78 or 17a-79, and any person who wilfully certifies falsely to the mental disorder of any child in any certificate provided for in this part, and any person who, under the provisions of sections 17a-75 to 17a-83, inclusive, relating to mentally ill minors, wilfully reports falsely to any court or judge that any child is mentally disordered, shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than five years or both.

(P.A. 79-511, S. 9; P.A. 81-472, S. 37, 159.)

History: P.A. 81-472 removed Sec. 17-184 from the scope of this section; Sec. 17-205j transferred to Sec. 17a-83 in 1991.

Secs. 17a-84 to 17a-89. Reserved for future use.