CHAPTER 190

PUBLIC LIBRARIES

Table of Contents

Sec. 11-20. Establishment. Gifts. Pensions.

Sec. 11-21. Board of trustees.

Sec. 11-22. Expenses.

Sec. 11-23. State Librarian to advise and assist libraries.

Sec. 11-23a. Library service center in Middlesex and Windham-Tolland areas.

Sec. 11-23b. (Formerly Sec. 10-28). Library service centers for public libraries and public schools.

Sec. 11-23c. Communications grant program for schools and public libraries.

Sec. 11-24. Payments to free public libraries.

Sec. 11-24a. Definitions.

Sec. 11-24b. State grants to principal public libraries; incentive grants.

Sec. 11-24c. Construction cost grants. Priority list.

Sec. 11-24d. Grants for library automation.

Sec. 11-25. Reports by libraries. Confidentiality of records.

Sec. 11-26. Librarians’ certificates.

Sec. 11-27. Library fund.

Sec. 11-28. Merger of library facilities.

Sec. 11-29. Transfer of employees.

Sec. 11-30. Contracts for library service.

Sec. 11-31. Regional library service.

Sec. 11-31a. Definitions.

Sec. 11-31b. Connecticard program; state aid for services rendered to nonresidents.

Sec. 11-31c. State Library Board to adopt regulations.

Sec. 11-32. Legislative body of municipality may establish or operate a public library.

Sec. 11-33. Powers and duties of trustees in municipalities. Gifts.

Sec. 11-34. Report by trustees.

Sec. 11-35. Penalties for injuries.

Sec. 11-36. Municipality tax.

Sec. 11-37. Trustees’ compensation.


Sec. 11-20. Establishment. Gifts. Pensions. Any town, city, borough, fire district or incorporated school district may, by ordinance, establish a public library and may expend such sums of money as may be necessary to purchase land for a suitable site and to provide and maintain such suitable rooms or buildings as may be necessary for such library or for any library which is the property of any corporation without capital stock or for any public library established in such municipality, provided the use of such library shall be free to its inhabitants under such regulations as its trustees prescribe. Any such municipality may receive, hold and manage any devise, bequest or gift for the establishment, increase or maintenance of any such library within its limits and may retire with a pension or other reward any employee of any such library.

(1949 Rev., S. 1657; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 67; P.A. 07-227, S. 21.)

History: P.A. 07-227 deleted reference to directors, effective July 1, 2007.

See Sec. 7-403 re deposit of funds in custodian account.

See Sec. 11-32 re power of city councils to establish and maintain public libraries.

Devise to city, with discretionary power as to its application, sustained, although at the time of testator’s death there was no public library. 60 C. 32.

Sec. 11-21. Board of trustees. In the absence of any other provision therefor, the management of the public library in any municipality, fire district or incorporated school district which has established such library under the provisions of section 11-20 shall be vested in a board of trustees, consisting of a number divisible by three to be elected in the manner provided in section 9-207. Such board may make bylaws for its government and shall have exclusive right to expend all money appropriated by such municipality for any such library.

(1949 Rev., S. 1659; 1953, 1955, S. 689d; P.A. 79-363, S. 31, 38; P.A. 07-227, S. 6.)

History: P.A. 79-363 deleted reference to repealed Sec. 9-208; P.A. 07-227 replaced board of directors with board of trustees, effective July 1, 2007.

Sec. 11-22. Expenses. The officer designated by the trustees of any such library shall draw his order on the treasurer of any such municipality for such sums as may be necessary to pay the expense of such library, but such sums shall not exceed in the aggregate the amount appropriated by any such municipality for such library.

(1949 Rev., S. 1658; P.A. 07-227, S. 7.)

History: P.A. 07-227 deleted reference to directors and language re deposit of books by town clerk, effective July 1, 2007.

Sec. 11-23. State Librarian to advise and assist libraries. The State Librarian, with the approval of the State Library Board, shall give to communities advice and assistance in the organization, establishment and administration of free public libraries, shall extend to the free public libraries, and to the library director of any public library, aid in cataloging books and in library management.

(1949 Rev., S. 1660; 1949, S. 1021d; February, 1965, P.A. 490, S. 3; P.A. 75-316, S. 9; P.A. 07-227, S. 8.)

History: 1965 act transferred duties of board of education under provisions of section to state librarian with approval of state library committee, deleted references to school libraries and deleted provision re inspection of libraries and suggestion of improvements; P.A. 75-316 substituted state library board for state library committee; P.A. 07-227 replaced librarian of any public library with library director, made technical changes and deleted language re State Librarian’s authorization to purchase and arrange books to be loaned by libraries and to give assistance to libraries in correctional and charitable institutions of the state, effective July 1, 2007.

Sec. 11-23a. Library service center in Middlesex and Windham-Tolland areas. The State Library Board shall maintain a library service center in the Middlesex County area and in the Windham-Tolland County area, to serve the public libraries and public schools in each of said areas.

(1959, P.A. 581, S. 1; February, 1965, P.A. 490, S. 6; P.A. 75-316, S. 10; P.A. 07-227, S. 9.)

History: 1965 act substituted state library committee for state board of education and added new service center for Middlesex county area; P.A. 75-316 substituted state library board for state library committee; P.A. 07-227 deleted language allowing boards of directors and boards of education that desire supplementary services to designate representative to serve on advisory board of governors, effective July 1, 2007.

See Sec. 11-23b re library service centers for public libraries and public schools.

Sec. 11-23b. (Formerly Sec. 10-28). Library service centers for public libraries and public schools. The State Library Board may establish and maintain library service centers to provide supplementary books and related library materials and services to public libraries and to public schools.

(February, 1965, P.A. 490, S. 5; P.A. 75-316, S. 11.)

History: Sec. 10-28 transferred to Sec. 11-23b in 1969; P.A. 75-316 substituted state library board for state library committee.

See Sec. 11-1a re programs of state-wide library service.

Sec. 11-23c. Communications grant program for schools and public libraries. There is established a grant program jointly administered by the Department of Education and the State Library to provide grants on a competitive process to schools and principal public libraries with priority given to those schools and libraries located in communities the residents of which have an average per capita income below the state average per capita income. The grant application shall include, without limitation, how the grant would be used to provide (1) public universal access to the Internet, (2) links for the transmission of information to schools, libraries and municipal government, (3) training and education in telecommunications and information technologies, and (4) effective application of information to economic, social and cultural problems and issues.

(P.A. 95-234, S. 1, 3.)

History: P.A. 95-234 effective July 1, 1995.

Sec. 11-24. Payments to free public libraries. Section 11-24 is repealed.

(1949 Rev., S. 1662; 1949, 1955, S. 1023d; 1957, P.A. 126, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 450, S. 1; February, 1965, P.A. 490, S. 7; 1967, P.A. 590, S. 5.)

Sec. 11-24a. Definitions. (a) As used in sections 11-24b, 11-24c and 11-31a:

(1) “Board” means the State Library Board.

(2) “Public library” means a library that serves its residents through its outlet or outlets without charging a borrower’s card fee and which receives its financial support in whole or in part from local tax funds.

(3) “Principal public library” means the public library which has been so designated by the local municipal governing board.

(4) “Local funds” means moneys received by a public library from any source, public or private, excluding state or federal grants.

(5) “General library purposes” means all functions of a public library, including the purchase of land or the construction, alteration or remodeling of buildings.

(b) A municipality may have more than one public library, but may designate only one library as its principal public library. A principal public library may be designated for more than one town if it meets conditions established and approved by the State Library Board. In any town or municipality where there are multiple libraries, there shall be a separate board or governing body and a different library director and staff for each public library. Each public library shall be a separate library facility and there shall be a separate town appropriation to each public library.

(c) Any public library not designated as a principal public library shall be a “nonprincipal public library”. A nonprincipal public library in a municipality may be eligible to receive a state grant, construction cost grant or Connecticard grant provided it meets the following conditions: There is a separate board of trustees or governing body for each such nonprincipal public library; there is a different library director and staff for each such library; there is a separate library facility; and there is a separate town appropriation to each such library.

(1967, P.A. 590, S. 2; P.A. 75-316, S. 12; P.A. 83-364, S. 1, 2; P.A. 96-180, S. 17, 166.)

History: P.A. 75-316 substituted state library board for state library committee; P.A. 83-364 made former provisions Subsec. (a), replacing former alphabetic Subdiv. indicators with numeric indicators, redefined “public library” as a library which does not charge a borrower’s card fee and which receives financial support wholly or partially from local tax funds, restated definition of “principal public library”, redefined “general library purposes” to include land purchase and building construction, alteration or remodeling which had previously been expressly excluded, deleted definition of “base period operational funds” and added Subsecs. (b) and (c) clarifying designation of principal public library and establishing criteria for receipt of grant by “nonprincipal public library”; P.A. 96-180 made a technical grammatical change in Subsec. (c), effective June 3, 1996.

Sec. 11-24b. State grants to principal public libraries; incentive grants. (a) Each principal public library, as defined in section 11-24a, shall be eligible to receive a state grant in accordance with the provisions of subsections (b), (c) and (d) of this section provided the following requirements are met:

(1) An annual statistical report which includes certification that the grant, when received, shall be used for library purposes is filed with the State Library Board in such manner as the board may require. The report shall include information concerning local library governance, hours of service, type of facilities, library policies, resources, programs and services available, measurement of levels of services provided, personnel and fiscal information concerning library receipts and expenditures;

(2) Documents certifying the legal establishment of the principal public library in accordance with the provisions of section 11-20 are filed with the board;

(3) The library is a participating library in the Connecticard program established pursuant to section 11-31b;

(4) Except for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2010, to June 30, 2013, inclusive, the principal public library shall not have had the amount of its annual tax levy or appropriation reduced to an amount which is less than the average amount levied or appropriated for the library for the three fiscal years immediately preceding the year of the grant, except that if the expenditures of the library in any one year in such three-year period are unusually high as compared with expenditures in the other two years, the library may request an exception to this requirement and the board, upon review of the expenditures for that year, may grant an exception;

(5) State grant funds shall be expended within two years of the date of receipt of such funds. If the funds are not expended in that period, the library shall submit a plan to the State Librarian for the expenditure of any unspent balance;

(6) Principal public libraries shall not charge individuals residing in the town in which the library is located or the town in which the contract library is located for borrowing and lending library materials, accessing information, advice and assistance and programs and services which promote literacy; and

(7) Principal public libraries shall provide equal access to library service for all individuals and shall not discriminate upon the basis of age, race, sex, gender identity or expression, religion, national origin, handicap or place of residency in the town in which the library is located or the town in which the contract library is located.

(b) Within the limits of amounts appropriated, the amount each principal public library shall be eligible to receive annually as a state grant shall be determined by the State Library Board as follows:

(1) Principal public libraries, as defined in section 11-24a, shall receive a base grant of one thousand two hundred dollars for each fiscal year.

(2) Of the amount appropriated for purposes of this section less the amount distributed as base grants, sixty per cent shall be set aside and paid to principal public libraries pursuant to subsection (c) of this section.

(3) Of the amount appropriated for purposes of this section less the amount distributed as base grants, forty per cent shall be set aside and paid to principal public libraries pursuant to subsection (d) of this section.

(c) The principal public library for each town shall be eligible to receive an equalization grant in an amount determined as follows:

(1) The adjusted equalized net grand list per capita, as defined in subsection (a) of section 10-261, for all towns in the state shall be ranked from highest to lowest.

(2) The adjusted equalized net grand list per capita, as ranked for all towns in the state from highest to lowest shall be divided into the following four classes: Class A, towns ranked from one to forty-two, inclusive; class B, towns ranked from forty-three to eighty-four, inclusive; class C, towns ranked from eighty-five to one hundred twenty-six, inclusive; and, class D, towns ranked from one hundred twenty-seven to one hundred sixty-nine, inclusive. Funds available for purposes of this subsection pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of this section shall be distributed among the four classes so that principal public libraries for class B, C, and D towns, respectively, shall receive two times, three times and four times as much on a per capita basis as principal public libraries for class A towns.

(3) Grants to the principal public library for each town shall be determined as follows: Said funds available for purposes of this subsection shall be multiplied by the per cent of funds for each class to determine an appropriation per class; the appropriation per class shall be divided by the total population per class to determine an amount per capita; the grant for the principal public library for each town shall be the town’s total population multiplied by the amount per capita. For purposes of this subdivision, “total population” of a town means that enumerated in the most recent federal decennial census of population.

(d) The principal public library for each town shall be eligible to receive an incentive grant in an amount to be determined as follows:

(1) The State Library Board shall, in such manner as prescribed by the board, determine for each fiscal year, a state-wide average for per capita library expenditures and each town’s individual per capita library expenditure based on the annual statistical report filed in accordance with subsection (a) of this section.

(2) The per capita library expenditure of each town shall be ranked from highest to lowest and the ranked expenditures shall be divided into the following classes: Class A, towns which meet or exceed the state-wide average for per capita library expenditures; class B, towns which meet seventy-five to ninety-nine per cent, inclusive, of the state-wide average; class C, towns which meet fifty to seventy-four per cent, inclusive, of the state-wide average; and, class D, towns which fall below fifty per cent of the state-wide average. Funds available for purposes of this subsection pursuant to subdivision (3) of subsection (b) of this section shall be distributed among the four classes so that principal public libraries for class A and B towns, respectively, shall receive three times and two times as much on a per capita basis as principal public libraries for class C towns.

(3) Grants to the principal public library for each town shall be determined as follows: Said funds available for purposes of this subsection shall be multiplied by the per cent of funds per class to determine an appropriation per class; the appropriation per class shall be divided by the total population per class to determine an amount per capita; the grant for the principal public library for each town shall be the town’s total population multiplied by the amount per capita. For purposes of this subdivision, “total population” of a town means that enumerated in the most recent federal decennial census of population.

(e) Application for grants under this section shall be made to the State Library Board in such form and at such time as the board designates. The grant may be used for general library purposes and no portion of the grant money shall revert to the general fund of the town or towns normally served by such library.

(f) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall make available, upon the request of the State Library Board, such information as is needed by the board to determine grant payments in accordance with the provisions of subsections (c) and (d) of this section.

(g) The State Library Board shall report triennially to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education on the impact of the state grants distributed pursuant to this section.

(h) The State Library Board shall, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, adopt regulations to implement the provisions of this section.

(1967, P.A. 590, S. 3, 4; 1969, P.A. 579, S. 1; P.A. 73-572; 73-645, S. 2; P.A. 75-316, S. 13; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 83-587, S. 88, 96; P.A. 84-398, S. 1, 2; P.A. 85-578, S. 2, 5; P.A. 92-120, S. 1, 3; P.A. 07-227, S. 10; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6, S. 52; P.A. 11-48, S. 209; 11-55, S. 11.)

History: 1969 act removed Subsec. indicators, substituted “1969” for “1967” as commencement year for payments, increased payments from $500 to $1,000 for public libraries and from $600 to $1,200 for principal public libraries, deleted provisions prohibiting reduction of payments in 1967 to level less than that of 1966, requiring equal division of funds between two years of biennium, and provided formula for matching funds from state based on local expenditures within limits provided; P.A. 73-572 added provision re modification of census figures by vital statistics kept by health department in determining which towns meet population requirements of Subdiv. (3); P.A. 73-645 added Subsec. (b) re grants to state-wide service libraries for services provided to nonresidents of town in which located; P.A. 75-316 substituted state library board for state library committee; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of health services for department of health, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 83-587 made a technical amendment, removing Subsec. (b) re aid for net services rendered to nonresidents; P.A. 84-398 deleted previous provisions and established a new state grant program which includes phase-out of the base grants to principal and nonprincipal public libraries, equalization grants and incentive grants; P.A. 85-578 amended Subsecs. (b) to (d), inclusive, to specify that grants are to be paid to “principal” public libraries rather than to public libraries or to towns and deleted provision in Subsec. (b) which had required that funds not distributed for grants to “nonprincipal public libraries” be distributed to public libraries pursuant to Subsecs. (c) and (d); P.A. 92-120 amended Subsec. (a) to add the method of computing grants on and after July 1, 1995; P.A. 07-227 required grantees to be principal public libraries, amended Subsec. (a)(6) to replace language re access to library materials without charge with language re borrowing and lending materials, accessing information and advice, assistance, programs and services to promote literacy, amended Subsec. (b)(1) to eliminate phase-out of base grant, amended Subsecs. (c)(3) and (d)(3) to provide that total population be determined based on most recent census instead of 1980 census, amended Subsec. (e) to provide that grant may be used for general library purposes and shall not revert to town’s general fund and made technical changes throughout, effective July 1, 2007; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6 amended Subsec. (a)(4) to add exception applicable to fiscal years ending June 30, 2010, and June 30, 2011, effective October 5, 2009; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (a)(4) to extend exception through fiscal year ending June 30, 2013, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-55 amended Subsec. (a)(7) to prohibit discrimination on basis of gender identity or expression.

Sec. 11-24c. Construction cost grants. Priority list. The State Library Board shall make construction grants to public libraries established pursuant to this chapter. The board shall: (1) Establish criteria for the purpose of developing a priority listing of all construction projects, and (2) grant an amount equal to one-third of the total construction cost, not to exceed five hundred thousand dollars for each approved project within the limits of the available appropriation for such projects. In the event that the appropriation is insufficient to fund projects as provided above, projects remaining on the priority list shall be included in the priority listing for the next fiscal year. Each application for such grant shall be filed on or before September first, annually, on forms to be prescribed by said board. For applications submitted on or after September 1, 2007, the board shall grant an amount equal to one-third the total construction cost, not to exceed one million dollars, for each approved project within the limits of the available appropriation for such projects.

(P.A. 74-290, S. 1, 2; P.A. 75-316, S. 14; P.A. 80-400, S. 1, 2; P.A. 85-173, S. 1, 2; P.A. 96-178, S. 1, 18; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-7, S. 55.)

History: P.A. 75-316 substituted state library board for state library committee; P.A. 80-400 replaced former provisions re construction grants with new provisions which essentially raised limit from one-fourth to one-third of cost up to $200,000 rather than $100,000 and introduced provisions re priorities; P.A. 85-173 increased maximum grant amount from $200,000 to $350,000; P.A. 96-178 increased the cap for grants to $500,000, effective July 1, 1996; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-7 changed grant amount for applications submitted on or after September 1, 2007, to one-third of the total construction cost, but not to exceed $1,000,000, effective November 2, 2007.

Sec. 11-24d. Grants for library automation. The state, through the State Library Board, may provide financial assistance in the form of grants to support the application of automation to the state’s libraries. Grants shall be made to assist in the payment of expenses associated with: The purchase of necessary capital equipment and entrance fees to join the centralized automated library systems; changing library records from a manual system to an automated system accessible to users of other libraries in the state; enlarging existing library data bases to accommodate increased library participation and technological innovations; providing connections to centralized automated library data bases; procurement of terminals and software for libraries to access shared bibliographic and source data bases; expansion of electronic mail service among the state’s libraries; and establishment of communication systems to support cooperative information services for the public. The grants shall be made in accordance with regulations adopted by the State Library Board in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

(P.A. 85-537, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-216, S. 5, 7; P.A. 89-198.)

History: P.A. 88-216 deleted obsolete provision re how grants to be made during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1986, deleted provisions re a library aid information network council and made technical changes; P.A. 89-198 removed the restriction that required grants to be made only to publicly supported libraries.

Sec. 11-25. Reports by libraries. Confidentiality of records. (a) The libraries established under the provisions of this chapter, and any free public library receiving a state appropriation, shall annually make a report to the State Library Board.

(b) (1) Notwithstanding section 1-210, records maintained by libraries that can be used to identify any library user, or link any user to a library transaction, regardless of format, shall be kept confidential, except that the records may be disclosed to officers, employees and agents of the library, as necessary for operation of the library.

(2) Information contained in such records shall not be released to any third party, except (A) pursuant to a court order, or (B) with the written permission of the library user whose personal information is contained in the records.

(3) For purposes of this subsection, “library” includes any library regularly open to the public, whether public or private, maintained by any industrial, commercial or other group or association, or by any governmental agency, but does not include libraries maintained by schools and institutions of higher education.

(4) No provision of this subsection shall be construed to prevent a library from publishing or making available to the public statistical reports regarding library registration and use of library materials, if such reports do not contain personally identifying information.

(1949 Rev., S. 1663; February, 1965, P.A. 490, S. 8; P.A. 75-316, S. 15; P.A. 81-431, S. 4; P.A. 07-227, S. 20.)

History: 1965 act substituted state library committee for state board of education; P.A. 75-316 substituted state library board for state library committee; P.A. 81-431 added Subsec. (b) concerning confidentiality of library circulation records; P.A. 07-227 replaced former Subsec. (b) re confidentiality of personally identifying information with new Subsec. (b) re confidentiality of records that can be used to identify library user or link user with library transaction and release of records, effective July 1, 2007.

Sec. 11-26. Librarians’ certificates. Section 11-26 is repealed, effective July 1, 2007.

(1949 Rev., S. 1664; February, 1965, P.A. 490, S. 9; P.A. 75-316, S. 16; P.A. 07-227, S. 24.)

Sec. 11-27. Library fund. All moneys collected or received in payment for library service contracted for and rendered shall be placed in the treasury of the town, city, borough, fire district or school district for which such service was rendered, to the credit of its library fund. The moneys in such fund shall be kept separate from other moneys and shall be withdrawn only by authorized officials, upon authenticated vouchers of the trustees of the public library which provides such service.

(1949 Rev., S. 1668; P.A. 07-227, S. 11.)

History: P.A. 07-227 deleted reference to directors, effective July 1, 2007.

Sec. 11-28. Merger of library facilities. The trustees of two or more public libraries may, with the approval of the towns in which such libraries are situated, contract for the merger, in whole or in part, of the facilities of such libraries.

(1949 Rev., S. 1666; P.A. 07-227, S. 12.)

History: P.A. 07-227 deleted reference to directors, effective July 1, 2007.

Sec. 11-29. Transfer of employees. Members of the regular staff of any free public library may be transferred to one of its contract libraries, either on a temporary or a permanent basis, without affecting their status on the library payroll or their right to promotion, because of any town ordinance or regulation as to residence. The trustees of any free public library may employ any person in a branch established in another town than that in which such library is located, without complying with any civil service or residence ordinance of either of such towns; but no such employee shall be transferred to a library within either of such towns which has civil service or residence ordinances.

(1949 Rev., S. 1667; P.A. 07-227, S. 13.)

History: P.A. 07-227 deleted reference to directors, effective July 1, 2007.

Sec. 11-30. Contracts for library service. Any state agency, municipality, taxing district or public or private library may contract with any other state agency, municipality, taxing district or public or private library to provide or secure such library services as may be agreed upon, which services may include, but need not be limited to, (1) the lending of books and related library materials, (2) the establishment of branch libraries, depositories or bookmobile service and (3) cooperative purchasing and processing of books, recordings, films and related library materials.

(1949 Rev., S. 1665; 1953, S. 1024d; 1957, P.A. 121, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 489, S. 1.)

History: 1959 act allowed private libraries to contract for services.

Sec. 11-31. Regional library service. Any town, city, borough, fire district or school district may raise money by taxation and make appropriations for defraying the expense of contract or regional library service, and shall be subject to the duties and entitled to the benefits prescribed by this chapter relating to free public libraries in towns or other municipalities.

(1949 Rev., S. 1669.)

Sec. 11-31a. Definitions. As used in section 11-31b:

(a) “Connecticard” means a cooperative program among public libraries in Connecticut which allows a resident of any town in the state who holds a valid borrower card issued by his home library to use that card to borrow materials from any public library in the state that is participating in the program;

(b) “Connecticard transaction” means each lending of a recognized unit of library material by a participating library to a person who is a resident of any Connecticut town except the town in which the library is located or any towns for which the library has been designated the principal public library and who has presented a valid Connecticard borrower card at the library making the loan;

(c) “Net plus transaction” means the library services, based on the number of items loaned, rendered to nonresidents of towns normally served by libraries offering state-wide services in excess of the library service rendered to residents of such towns by other libraries;

(d) “Participating library” means a library which has signed a letter of agreement on file with the State Library;

(e) “Resident” means that a person is principally domiciled in a town. A borrower who holds dual residency or who owns property in more than one town is considered a resident only in the town where he is principally domiciled. In all other towns, that borrower shall be a nonresident.

(P.A. 73-645, S. 1, 5; P.A. 82-304, S. 1, 4.)

History: P.A. 82-304 repealed text concerning state-wide library services and substituted definitions for the Connecticard program.

Sec. 11-31b. Connecticard program; state aid for services rendered to nonresidents. Any public library which is a participating library in Connecticard and any library which was a participating library in Connecticard prior to July 1, 1983, may claim and be entitled to receive state aid for services rendered to nonresidents, provided such library files with the State Library Board a record of the number of items loaned to nonresidents of the town or towns which it normally serves not later than seven days after March first and September first of each year. Such reports shall be certified as accurate by the library filing with the State Library Board. On the order of the board, the Comptroller shall pay to each participating library an amount which shall be determined as follows: The State Library Board shall divide by two the total amount of funds appropriated for the Connecticard program. One-half of such amount shall be used for all Connecticard transactions and the remaining half shall be used for net plus transactions. The grant may be used for general library purposes and no portion of the grant money shall revert to the general fund of the town or towns normally served by such library.

(P.A. 82-304, S. 2, 4; P.A. 84-255, S. 18, 21.)

History: P.A. 84-255 applied provisions specifically to “public” libraries and extended eligibility to any libraries which participated in Connecticard program prior to July 1, 1983.

Sec. 11-31c. State Library Board to adopt regulations. The State Library Board shall, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, adopt regulations to implement the provisions of section 11-31b.

(P.A. 82-304, S. 3, 4.)

Sec. 11-32. Legislative body of municipality may establish or operate a public library. The legislative body of any municipality may establish or operate a public library and reading room, together with such kindred apartments and facilities as the legislative body approves; and may levy a tax annually on all taxable property of the municipality for the establishment or operation of a public library. Such tax shall be levied and collected as other taxes, and shall be known as the “library fund”. Such library and reading room shall be free to the use of the inhabitants of the city, subject to such reasonable rules and regulations as the board of trustees may adopt in order to render the use of the library and reading room of the greatest benefit. Such board may exclude from the use of such library and reading room any person who wilfully violates such rules, and may extend its privileges to persons residing in this state outside the city upon such terms and conditions as it may prescribe.

(1949 Rev., S. 1670; P.A. 73-261, S. 1, 2; P.A. 82-305; P.A. 07-227, S. 22; P.A. 10-108, S. 33.)

History: P.A. 73-261 increased tax limit from one and one-half to two mills on the dollar; P.A. 82-305 deleted provision which had limited tax levied for public library needs to a maximum of two mills on the dollar; P.A. 07-227 replaced board of directors with board of trustees, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 10-108 replaced references to “city council” and “council” with “legislative body”, replaced references to “city” with “municipality”, replaced “and maintain” with “or operate” and added provision re tax for establishment or operation of a public library, effective June 1, 2010.

See Sec. 11-20 re power of towns, cities, boroughs, fire districts and incorporated school districts to establish public libraries.

Sec. 11-33. Powers and duties of trustees in municipalities. Gifts. When the legislative body of any municipality has decided to establish a public library and reading room, the chief elected official of such municipality shall, with the approval of the legislative body, appoint a board of nine trustees. Not more than one member of the legislative body shall be a member of such board. The trustees shall, immediately after their appointment, meet and organize by the election of one of their number as president and by the election of such other officers as they deem necessary. They shall make and adopt bylaws, rules and regulations for the government of the library and reading room and shall have exclusive control of the expenditure of all moneys collected to the credit of the library fund, and of the construction of any library building, and of the supervision, care and custody of the grounds, rooms or buildings constructed, leased, given or set apart for that purpose; provided all moneys collected and received for such purpose shall be placed in the treasury of such municipality, to the credit of its library fund, and shall be kept separate from other moneys of the municipality and shall be drawn upon by the proper officers of the municipality, upon duly authenticated vouchers of the trustees. Such board may purchase, lease or accept grounds, and erect, lease or occupy an appropriate building or buildings, for the use of such library, appoint a library director and all necessary assistants and fix their compensation. Any person desiring to make a gift for the benefit of such library may vest the title to such donation in the board of trustees to be held and controlled according to the terms of the gift of such property; and such board shall be special trustee thereof.

(1949 Rev., S. 1671; P.A. 07-227, S. 14; P.A. 10-108, S. 34; P.A. 11-28, S. 16.)

History: P.A. 07-227 replaced board of directors with board of trustees and librarian with library director, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 10-108 replaced “any city council” with “the legislative body of any municipality”, deleted “and maintain”, replaced “mayor” with “chief elected official”, replaced references to “city” with “municipality” and replaced references to “city council” and “council” with “legislative body”, effective June 1, 2010; P.A. 11-28 made a technical change, effective June 3, 2011.

Sec. 11-34. Report by trustees. The board of trustees shall make, on or before the second Monday of June, an annual report to the city council for the year ending the first of June, stating the various sums of money received from the library fund and other sources and how such moneys have been expended; the number of books and periodicals on hand; the number added, by purchase, gift or otherwise, during the year; the number lost or missing; the number of visitors attending; the number of books loaned and the general character of such books, and such other statistics, information and suggestions as it deems of general interest. All such portions of such report as relate to the receipt and expenditure of money, as well as the number of books on hand, books lost or missing and books purchased, shall be verified by affidavit.

(1949 Rev., S. 1672; P.A. 07-227, S. 15.)

History: P.A. 07-227 replaced board of directors with board of trustees, effective July 1, 2007.

Sec. 11-35. Penalties for injuries. The city council of such city may pass ordinances imposing suitable penalties for damaging the grounds or other property of such library and for damaging or failing to return any book belonging to such library. Each library director or board of trustees, having charge or control of such library or property, shall post in one or more conspicuous places connected therewith a printed copy of this section.

(1949 Rev., S. 1673; P.A. 07-227, S. 23.)

History: P.A. 07-227 replaced board of directors with board of trustees and librarian with library director, effective July 1, 2007.

Sec. 11-36. Municipality tax. When fifty electors of any municipality present a petition to the clerk of such municipality, asking that an annual tax be levied for the establishment or operation of a free public library and reading room in such municipality, and specify in their petition a rate of taxation, not to exceed three mills on the dollar, such clerk shall, in the next legal notice of the regular municipal election in such municipality, give notice that at such election the question of an annual tax for the establishment or operation of a library is to be voted upon in the manner prescribed in section 9-369. The designation of such question on the voting tabulator ballot shall be “Shall a .... mill tax be levied to establish a free public library and reading room?” or “Shall a .... mill tax be levied to operate a free public library and reading room?”. Such notice and such designation of the question on the voting tabulator ballot shall specify the rate of taxation mentioned in such petition. If, upon the official determination of the result of such vote, it appears that a majority of all the votes upon such question are in approval of such question, the tax specified in such notice shall be levied and collected in the same manner as other general taxes of such municipality and shall be known as the “library fund”. All moneys collected and received by the levy of such tax shall be placed in the treasury of such municipality, to the credit of its library fund, and shall be kept separate from other moneys of the municipality and shall be drawn upon by the proper officers of the municipality, upon duly authenticated vouchers of the library’s trustees. Such tax may afterwards be lessened or increased within the three-mill limit, or made to cease, in case the electors of any such municipality so determine by a majority vote at any regular municipal election held therein, in the manner hereinbefore prescribed for voting upon such question. When a free public library and reading room is established pursuant to this section, the corporate authorities of such municipality may exercise the same powers relative to such free public library and reading room as are conferred upon the corporate authorities of municipalities pursuant to section 11-33.

(1949 Rev., S. 1674; 1953, S. 1026d; P.A. 86-170, S. 10, 13; P.A. 10-108, S. 35; P.A. 11-20, S. 1; 11-28, S. 17.)

History: P.A. 86-170 required that designation on ballot label be in form of question; P.A. 10-108 replaced references to “town or borough” with “municipality”, replaced references to “maintenance” with references to “or operation” or “establishment or operation”, added ballot label question re operation of free public library and reading room, added provision re deposit of moneys collected and received by tax into library fund, and reworded provision re powers of corporate authorities of municipality re free library and reading room, effective June 1, 2010; pursuant to P.A. 11-20, “machine” and “ballot label” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “tabulator” and “ballot”, respectively, effective May 24, 2011; P.A. 11-28 made a technical change, effective June 3, 2011.

Sec. 11-37. Trustees’ compensation. No trustee of any free public library and reading room, established under the provisions of this chapter in any town, city, borough, school district or fire district, shall receive any compensation for any services rendered as such trustee.

(1949 Rev., S. 1675; P.A. 07-227, S. 16.)

History: P.A. 07-227 replaced director with trustee, effective July 1, 2007.