CHAPTER 46

STATE APPOINTIVE OFFICERS

Table of Contents

Sec. 4-1. Appointed officers; term; compensation and expenses.

Sec. 4-1a. Appointed officers, unspecified terms.

Sec. 4-2. When nominations are to be made.

Sec. 4-3. Term of office of legislative appointees.

Sec. 4-4. Term of office of executive appointees.

Sec. 4-5. “Department head” defined.

Sec. 4-6. Appointment and term of department heads.

Sec. 4-7. Confirmation or rejection of nominations by house of General Assembly. Vacancy appointment.

Sec. 4-8. Qualifications, powers and duties of department heads.

Sec. 4-9. Governor to commission officers.

Sec. 4-9a. Appointment of chairpersons and executive directors of boards and commissions. Public members; proportion; definitions; exception. Members; terms.

Sec. 4-9b. Membership of boards, commissions, committees and councils: Qualifications, gender and racial diversity required considerations. Report. Right of action.

Sec. 4-9c. Confirmation process for appointments to Board of Trustees of The University of Connecticut and Board of Regents for Higher Education.

Sec. 4-9d. Designation of replacement members on governmental bodies. When required officials unable or choose not to serve.

Sec. 4-10. Appointments to state boards and commissions; lists.

Sec. 4-11. Suspension of administrative officers.

Sec. 4-12. Removal of officer, commissioner or deputy.

Sec. 4-12a. Governor’s powers of suspension or removal under sections 4-11 and 4-12 not applicable to deputies appointed by department heads.

Sec. 4-13. Subpoenas.

Sec. 4-13a. Appearance of assistant on subpoena of state officer.

Sec. 4-14. Transportation allowance for state officers, auditors and Governor’s executive secretary.

Sec. 4-15. Expenses of state officers and employees.

Sec. 4-16. Expenses paid by the state.

Sec. 4-16a. Indemnification of commissioners.

Sec. 4-17. Meeting attendance of trustees or directors of state-aided institutions.

Sec. 4-18. Resignations of state officers.

Sec. 4-19. Appointments to fill vacancies.

Sec. 4-20. Bonding of state officers and employees.

Sec. 4-21. Commissioners empowered to take acknowledgment of deeds and other instruments for Connecticut.

Sec. 4-22. State chemists.

Sec. 4-23. Fees of state chemist.


Sec. 4-1. Appointed officers; term; compensation and expenses. Unless otherwise specifically provided by law, each person appointed or nominated for appointment by the Governor, with or without the advice and consent of the General Assembly or either house thereof, and each person appointed or elected by the General Assembly or either house thereof, shall be sworn and shall hold office for the term prescribed by law and until his successor is appointed and has qualified. Such persons shall receive no compensation for services unless the same is prescribed by law, but shall receive their actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their official duties.

(1949 Rev., S. 260.)

See Sec. 4-16 re payment of expenses by state.

See Sec. 4-40 re determination of salaries not prescribed by law.

Section is effective amendment of statutes not specifically providing for extension of term in case of failure of appointment of successor, and incumbent will hold over de jure. 133 C. 40. See 133 C. 50. Can be interpreted only as effective to fix a term of office ab initio. 135 C. 639. Is a remedial statute which should receive as liberal a construction as can reasonably be given to effectuate its beneficial purpose. 136 C. 312. The term of office of a municipal court judge is “otherwise specifically provided by law” by the twentieth amendment. Doubtful that statute was intended to apply to judicial offices. 138 C. 153. Cited. 200 C. 91.

Declaratory judgment not appropriate to try title to office. 13 CS 430. Where general assembly did not appoint a county commissioner, the incumbent held over and an interim appointment was invalid. 14 CS 225.

Sec. 4-1a. Appointed officers, unspecified terms. Unless otherwise provided by law, any appointed official of the state, including any person appointed to a board, commission, council, authority, task force, committee or other body, shall serve at the pleasure of the person or body authorized to make the appointment but no longer than the term of office of such appointing authority or until such official’s successor is appointed and qualified, whichever is longer.

(P.A. 73-659; P.A. 89-87, S. 3, 5.)

History: P.A. 89-87 added provision to include, as an appointed official of the state, any person appointed to a board, commission, council, authority, task force, committee or other body.

Cited. 201 C. 685; 224 C. 693.

Sec. 4-2. When nominations are to be made. Except as otherwise provided by law, all nominations to be made by the Governor for appointment to office by the General Assembly or either branch thereof, and all appointments to office to be made by the Governor which require the advice and consent of the General Assembly or either branch thereof, shall be made on or before May first of the year in which the General Assembly is in session, except that, in any case where a vacancy results from death occurring on or after said May first but prior to the adjournment of such session, the Governor may make a nomination or appointment to fill such vacancy as soon as possible thereafter and prior to such adjournment and if such vacancy is in the office of a judge, the nomination shall, notwithstanding the provisions of section 2-40, be referred to the committee on the judiciary immediately on receipt thereof from the Governor.

(1949 Rev., S. 96; 1967, P.A. 164, S. 1.)

History: 1967 act clarified procedure for filling vacancies in appointed offices to allow appointments after May first and before general assembly adjourns.

See Sec. 2-39 re time limit for senate action on nominations.

See Sec. 4-7 re procedure for confirmation or rejection of nominations.

Sec. 4-3. Term of office of legislative appointees. The term of office of each officer appointed by the General Assembly or Senate, unless otherwise specially provided by law, shall commence on the first day of July following his appointment.

(1949 Rev., S. 50.)

Sec. 4-4. Term of office of executive appointees. The term of office of each officer appointed by the Governor or by the Governor by and with the advice and consent of the General Assembly or either branch thereof, unless otherwise provided by law, shall commence on the first day of July following his appointment, except that the term of office of the Governor’s staff, executive secretary and clerk shall commence from the date of their respective appointments.

(1949 Rev., S. 98.)

See Sec. 4-6 re appointment and terms of department heads.

Sec. 4-5. “Department head” defined. As used in sections 4-6, 4-7 and 4-8, the term “department head” means Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, Commissioner of Administrative Services, Commissioner of Revenue Services, Banking Commissioner, Commissioner of Children and Families, Commissioner of Construction Services, Commissioner of Consumer Protection, Commissioner of Correction, Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, State Board of Education, Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection, Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection, Commissioner of Agriculture, Commissioner of Public Health, Insurance Commissioner, Labor Commissioner, Liquor Control Commission, Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services, Commissioner of Social Services, Commissioner of Developmental Services, Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, Commissioner of Transportation, Commissioner of Veterans’ Affairs, Commissioner of Housing, Commissioner of Rehabilitation Services and the executive director of the Office of Military Affairs. As used in sections 4-6 and 4-7, “department head” also means the Commissioner of Education and the president of the Board of Regents for Higher Education.

(March, 1950, 1953, S. 27d; 1959, P.A. 412, S. 3; 637, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 152, S. 4; 522, S. 4; 657, S. 80; 1969, P.A. 664, S. 17; 768, S. 57; 814, S. 7; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 3; P.A. 73-599, S. 7; 73-677, S. 2; P.A. 75-519, S. 2, 12; 75-537, S. 17, 55; 75-638, S. 8, 23; P.A. 77-614, S. 4, 610; P.A. 79-598, S. 2, 27; P.A. 80-482, S. 3, 345, 348; P.A. 84-342, S. 2, 13; P.A. 86-175, S. 2, 4; P.A. 87-9, S. 2, 3; 87-496, S. 1, 110; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-262, S. 26, 87; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-250, S. 13, 42; 95-257, S. 11, 12, 21, 40, 58; 95-309, S. 11, 12; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-9, S. 14, 50; P.A. 03-84, S. 4; 03-217, S. 2; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(c), (e), 147, 241; P.A. 04-189, S. 1; 04-205, S. 5; 04-219, S. 1; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 30; P.A. 06-187, S. 11; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b); 07-114, S. 2; 07-205, S. 2; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 23; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 156; P.A. 11-44, S. 31; 11-48, S. 131; 11-51, S. 46, 141; 11-80, S. 1, 3; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 29, 121.)

History: 1959 acts deleted milk administrator and athletic commissioner and changed titles of commissioner of agriculture to commissioner of agriculture and natural resources and commissioner of food and drugs to commissioner of consumer protection; 1967 acts included commissioner of correction, commissioner of community affairs and personnel commissioner in definition; 1969 acts included commissioner of children and youth services and commissioner on aging in definition and substituted commissioner of transportation for highway commissioner; 1971 act removed responsibility for natural resources from commissioner of agriculture and included commissioner of environmental protection; P.A. 73-599 included commissioner of the department of commerce; P.A. 73-677 replaced personnel commissioner with commissioner of personnel and administration; P.A. 75-519 replaced commissioner of personnel and administration with personnel commissioner; P.A. 75-537 included commissioner of planning and energy policy; P.A. 75-638 included commissioner of mental retardation; P.A. 77-614 rewrote section to reflect changes mandated by reorganization of executive branch, deleting finance and control, banking, social services, insurance, health, public works, tax, community affairs, personnel, commerce and planning and energy commissioners and including secretaries of the office of policy and management and of business regulation, the state board of education and administrative services, revenue services, economic development, health services, public safety, income maintenance and human resources commissioners; P.A. 79-598 included commissioner of housing; P.A. 80-482 replaced secretary of business regulation with commissioner of banking and included the commissioner of insurance, the liquor control commission and the public utilities control authority; P.A. 84-342 replaced public utilities control authority with chairperson of the authority; P.A. 86-175 added commissioner of veterans’ affairs; (Revisor’s note: Pursuant to P.A. 87-9, “banking commissioner” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “commissioner of banking”); P.A. 87-496 added commissioner of public works to definition of “department head”; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-262 removed reference to the commissioner on aging, department of income maintenance and department of human resources, substituting reference to department of social services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioners of Economic Development and Housing with Commissioner of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 95-257 added the Commissioner of Health Care Access, replaced Commissioner of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner of Public Health and replaced Commissioner of Mental Health with Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-309 changed effective date of P.A. 95-250 but did not affect this section; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-9 included “Chief Information Officer” in definition of “department head”, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 03-84 changed “Commissioner of Banking” to “Banking Commissioner”, effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 03-217 added “executive director of the Board of Education and Services for the Blind” to definition of “department head”, effective July 9, 2003; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 added “executive director of the Connecticut Commission on Arts, Tourism, Culture, History and Film” to definition of “department head”, effective August 20, 2003, and changed “Commissioner of Consumer Protection” to “Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection” and removed reference to “Commissioner of Agriculture”, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Secs. 146 and 147 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 04-205, effective June 3, 2004, and May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, effective May 12, 2004, both replaced Connecticut Commission on Arts, Tourism, Culture, History and Film with Connecticut Commission on Culture and Tourism; P.A. 04-219 added Commissioner of Emergency Management and Homeland Security, effective January 1, 2005; P.A. 06-187 added the Ombudsman for Property Rights, effective July 1, 2006; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 “Commissioner of Mental Retardation” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Commissioner of Developmental Services”, effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 07-114 added language re Commissioner of Education; P.A. 07-205 added the executive director of the Office of Military Affairs; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 deleted reference to Commissioner of Health Care Access, effective October 6, 2009; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 deleted reference to the Ombudsman for Property Rights, effective October 5, 2009; P.A. 11-44 replaced “the executive director of the Board of Education and Services for the Blind” with “the director of the Bureau of Rehabilitative Services”, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-48 deleted “the executive director of the Connecticut Commission on Culture and Tourism” and added “the president of the Board of Regents for Higher Education”, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-51 replaced “Commissioner of Public Safety” and “Commissioner of Emergency Management and Homeland Security” with “Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection”, added “Commissioner of Construction Services” and deleted “Commissioner of Public Works” and “Chief Information Officer”, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-80 changed “Commissioner of Environmental Protection” to “Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection” and deleted “the chairperson of the Public Utilities Control Authority”, effective July 1, 2011; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 added “Commissioner of Housing”, effective June 15, 2012, and replaced “the director of the Bureau of Rehabilitative Services” with “Commissioner of Rehabilitation Services”, effective July 1, 2012.

See Sec. 4-20 re bond requirement.

Cited. 184 C. 1.

Sec. 4-6. Appointment and term of department heads. Except as otherwise provided by statute, on or before March 1, 1975, and quadrennially thereafter, the Governor shall, with the advice and consent of either house of the General Assembly, appoint each department head in the manner prescribed by section 4-7 and section 4-8, to serve at the pleasure of the Governor but no longer than four years from the first day of March in the year of his appointment, unless reappointed under the provisions of said sections. In the event a department head is not appointed or an incumbent reappointed in the manner prescribed in section 4-8 prior to the first day of March in the year of the appointment, the incumbent may serve beyond that date but not later than the tenth day of March in that year.

(March, 1950, S. 28d; 1969, P.A. 481, S. 1; P.A. 77-614, S. 5, 595, 610; P.A. 80-482, S. 347, 348; P.A. 87-159, S. 1.)

History: 1969 act made provision for governor’s dismissal of department heads; P.A. 77-614 made no change, Sec. 595 of the act cancelling amendment called for in Sec. 5; P.A. 80-482 provided exception to statute; P.A. 87-159 added provision re service by incumbent beyond March first, but not beyond March tenth, in the event a department head is not appointed or an incumbent reappointed as prescribed in Sec. 4-8.

Cited. 184 C. 1.

Sec. 4-7. Confirmation or rejection of nominations by house of General Assembly. Vacancy appointment. (a) On or before February 1, 1975, and quadrennially thereafter, the Governor shall submit each nomination for a department head to either house of the General Assembly. Such house shall immediately refer the nominations to its committee on executive nominations, which shall report thereon by resolution within fifteen calendar days from the date of reference. Such house, by resolution, shall confirm or reject the nomination. If confirmed, the nominee shall take office on the first day of March in the year in which the appointment is submitted, except as provided in section 4-6. If such house rejects the nomination before the first day of March in the year in which it is submitted, the procedure prescribed in subsection (b) of this section shall be followed.

(b) (1) Except as provided in subdivision (2) of this subsection, if a vacancy occurs in the office of any department head while the General Assembly is in regular session, the Governor shall, within thirty calendar days of the occurrence of the vacancy, submit his nomination to fill the vacancy to either house of the General Assembly. The house to which the nomination is submitted shall immediately refer the nomination to its committee on executive nominations, which shall report thereon by resolution within ten legislative days from the date of reference. Such house shall confirm or reject said nomination. If such house, by resolution, confirms the nomination within thirty calendar days after it is submitted, the nominee shall forthwith take office to serve at the pleasure of the Governor but no longer than the original appointee could have served under his appointment. If such house rejects the nomination within thirty calendar days after it is submitted, the Governor shall, within thirty calendar days, submit another nomination to either house of the General Assembly, provided, if any nomination is submitted less than thirty calendar days before the date established by the Constitution for adjournment of the General Assembly, and the house to which it is submitted fails to confirm or reject the nomination before its adjournment on said date, the procedure prescribed in subsection (c) of this section shall be followed.

(2) If a vacancy occurs in the office of any department head prior to the first day of March during the first regular session of the General Assembly following the election of a new Governor, the nominee of the newly elected Governor may exercise the powers and duties of the office as provided in section 4-8, as designate, until the nomination is confirmed or rejected pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection.

(c) If a vacancy occurs in the office of any department head while the General Assembly is not in regular session, it shall be filled by the Governor until the sixth Wednesday of the next session of the General Assembly. At the beginning of the next regular session of the General Assembly, the Governor shall submit the name of the vacancy appointee to either house of the General Assembly as he elects and the procedure prescribed in subsection (b) of this section shall be followed.

(d) No person who has been rejected by resolution of the house to which his name has been submitted by the Governor shall serve in the office for which he was nominated during the term of the house which rejected him.

(March, 1950, 1953, S. 29d; February, 1965, P.A. 574, S. 48; 1967, P.A. 656, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 481, S. 2; 1972, P.A. 294, S. 19; P.A. 87-159, S. 2; P.A. 91-1, S. 1, 2; P.A. 05-288, S. 9; P.A. 07-250, S. 17.)

History: 1965 act specified in Subsec. (c) the vacancy in office of department head be filled until sixth Wednesday of next session of general assembly; 1967 act changed deadline from 30 days before adjournment to 30 days before the first Wednesday after the first Monday in June; 1969 act made term of service “at the pleasure of the governor” but no longer than expiration of original appointees term; 1972 act changed deadline to constitutional date for adjournment; P.A. 87-159 amended Subsec. (a) to change reporting deadline for executive nominations committee from 10 legislative days from date of reference to 15 calendar days from date of reference, to change deadline for confirmation or rejection by house from “before the first day of March” to “within ten calendar days of the committee’s report”, and to change date on which nominee takes office from day of confirmation to March first, except as provided in Sec. 4-6; P.A. 91-1 added Subsec. (b)(2) re powers of nominee filling vacancy occurring prior to March first during first regular session following election of new governor; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 07-250 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting requirement that nomination be confirmed or rejected within 10 calendar days of the committee’s report, effective June 14, 2007.

Cited. 184 C. 1.

Sec. 4-8. Qualifications, powers and duties of department heads. Each department head shall be qualified by training and experience for the duties of his office. Each department head shall act as the executive officer of the Governor for accomplishing the purposes of his department. He shall conduct comprehensive planning with respect to the functions of his department and coordinate the activities and programs of the state agencies therein. He shall cause the administrative organization of said department to be examined with a view to promoting economy and efficiency. He shall organize the department and any agency therein into such divisions, bureaus or other units as he deems necessary for the efficient conduct of the business of the department and may from time to time abolish, transfer or consolidate within the department or any agency therein any division, bureau or other unit as may be necessary for the efficient conduct of the business of the department, provided such organization shall include any division, bureau or other unit which is specifically required by the general statutes. Each department head may appoint such deputies as may be necessary for the efficient conduct of the business of the department. Each department head shall designate one deputy who shall in the absence or disqualification of the department head or on his death, exercise the powers and duties of the department head until he resumes his duties or the vacancy is filled. Such deputies shall serve at the pleasure of the department head. Such appointees shall devote their full time to their duties with the department or agency and shall engage in no other gainful employment. Subject to the provisions of chapter 67, each department head shall appoint such other employees as may be necessary for the discharge of his duties. He is empowered to make regulations for the conduct of his department. Each department head may enter into such contractual agreements, in accordance with established procedures, as may be necessary for the discharge of his duties. Subject to the provisions of section 4-32, and unless otherwise provided by law, each department head is authorized to receive any money, revenue or services from the federal government, corporations, associations or individuals, including payments from the sale of printed matter or any other material or services. Each department head may create such advisory boards as he deems necessary.

(March, 1950, S. 30d; February, 1965, P.A. 434; 1969, P.A. 481, S. 3; P.A. 76-239, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 6, 610.)

History: 1965 act specified deputy to act in case of death of department head and that his duties are to terminate when department head resumes his duties or vacancy is filled; 1969 act made deputy department heads subject to provision limiting terms of service to four years at governor’s pleasure; P.A. 76-239 gave department and agency heads power to enter into contracts; P.A. 77-614 rewrote provisions regarding deputy, personal secretary and departmental organization, deleted references to agencies and empowered department heads to create advisory boards.

Cited. 151 C. 680; 177 C. 344; 184 C. 1.

Cited. 36 CS 586.

Sec. 4-9. Governor to commission officers. The Governor shall commission all officers appointed by him or elected by the General Assembly or by any other authority when a commission is necessary; and shall, when necessary, give certificates of appointment under the seal of the state.

(1949 Rev., S. 97.)

Cited. 135 C. 655.

Sec. 4-9a. Appointment of chairpersons and executive directors of boards and commissions. Public members; proportion; definitions; exception. Members; terms. (a) The Governor shall appoint the chairperson and executive director, if any, of all boards and commissions within the Executive Department, except the State Properties Review Board, the State Elections Enforcement Commission, the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities, the Commission on Fire Prevention and Control and the Citizen’s Ethics Advisory Board.

(b) Public members shall constitute not less than one-third of the members of each board and commission within the Executive Department, except the Gaming Policy Board and the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities. Public member means an elector of the state who has no substantial financial interest in, is not employed in or by, and is not professionally affiliated with, any industry, profession, occupation, trade or institution regulated or licensed by the relevant board or commission, and who has had no professional affiliation with any such industry, profession, occupation, trade or institution for three years preceding his appointment to the board or commission. Except as otherwise specifically provided by the general statutes, this section shall not apply to the Commission on Fire Prevention and Control, boards and commissions the membership of which is entirely composed of state department heads, elected officials or deputies appointed by such department heads or where the membership of such board or commission is determined in accordance with the provisions of any federal law.

(c) Notwithstanding any provision of law, the term of each member of each board and commission within the executive branch, except the State Board of Education, the Board of Regents for Higher Education, the Gaming Policy Board, the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities, the State Elections Enforcement Commission, the State Properties Review Board, the Citizen’s Ethics Advisory Board, the Commission on Medicolegal Investigations, the Psychiatric Security Review Board, the Commission on Fire Prevention and Control, the E 9-1-1 Commission, the Culture and Tourism Advisory Committee, and the board of trustees of each constituent unit of the state system of higher education, commencing on or after July 1, 1979, shall be coterminous with the term of the Governor or until a successor is chosen, whichever is later.

(d) Each member of each board and commission within the executive branch shall serve at the pleasure of the appointing authority except where otherwise specifically provided by any provision of the general statutes.

(P.A. 77-614, S. 13, 587, 610; P.A. 79-404, S. 2, 45; 79-493, S. 8, 9; 79-560, S. 36, 39; P.A. 81-473, S. 2, 43; P.A. 82-218, S. 34, 46; P.A. 84-241, S. 2, 5; 84-416, S. 14, 15; 84-511, S. 1, 15; 84-546, S. 8, 173; P.A. 85-300, S. 2, 3; 85-506, S. 26, 32; P.A. 86-403, S. 7, 132; P.A. 93-219, S. 4, 14; 93-262, S. 27, 87; 93-435, S. 56, 95; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1, S. 3, 130; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 210(e); P.A. 04-20, S. 3; 04-205, S. 5; 04-234, S. 2; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 30; P.A. 05-183, S. 30; P.A. 06-196, S. 188; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 142; P.A. 11-48, S. 132; 11-61, S. 78; 11-233, S. 3.)

History: P.A. 79-404 deleted references to commission on special revenue in Subsecs. (a) and (c) and substituted gaming policy board for commission in Subsecs. (b) and (d); P.A. 79-493 included state ethics commission in Subsecs. (a), (c) and (d); P.A. 79-560 included state elections commission in Subsecs. (a), (c) and (d); P.A. 81-473 exempted the commission on medicolegal investigations from the general requirement that terms of members of boards and commissions be coterminous with that of the governor in Subsec. (d); P.A. 82-218 amended section to replace board of higher education with board of governors, to provide for appointment of initial chairman to board of governors by the governor and to establish staggered terms of office for the board of governors and the constituent unit boards of trustees, effective March 1, 1983; P.A. 84-241 added “of higher education” to board’s title; P.A. 84-416 exempted E 9-1-1 commission from provision requiring terms of members be coterminous with governor’s; P.A. 84-511 changed name of state elections commission to state elections enforcement commission; P.A. 84-546 repealed formed Subsec. (c) re termination of the terms of members on July 1, 1979, relettering former Subsecs. (d) and (e) accordingly; P.A. 85-300 amended Subsec. (c) to exempt the state commission on the arts from the requirement that members’ terms be coterminous with that of the governor; P.A. 85-506 amended Subsec. (c) to exempt the psychiatric security review board from provision requiring terms of members to be coterminous with governor’s; P.A. 86-403 made technical change in Subsec. (b); P.A. 93-219 amended Subsec. (c) to exempt the Board of Parole from the requirement that members’ terms be coterminous with that of the governor, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 93-262 added commission on aging to the lists in Subsecs. (a) and (c) added the words “executive director of” before the words “state ethics commission”, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-435 made technical change re placement of phrase “executive director of” added by P.A. 93-262, effective June 28, 1993; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1 amended Subsec. (a) by eliminating reference to the executive director of the Commission on Aging, effective July 1, 1994; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 and P.A. 04-20 replaced State Commission on the Arts with Connecticut Commission on Arts, Tourism, Culture, History and Film, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-205, effective June 3, 2004, and May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, effective May 12, 2004, both replaced Connecticut Commission on Arts, Tourism, Culture, History and Film with Connecticut Commission on Culture and Tourism; P.A. 04-234 replaced Board of Parole with Board of Pardons and Paroles, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-183 amended Subsecs. (a) and (c) to replace “State Ethics Commission” with “Citizen’s Ethics Advisory Board”, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-196 eliminated reference to Board of Pardons and Paroles and made technical changes in Subsec. (c), effective June 7, 2006; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 amended Subsecs. (a) and (c) to delete references to Commission on Aging, effective October 5, 2009; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (a) to delete reference to Board of Governors of Higher Education and amended Subsec. (c) to make a technical change, replace “Governors of” with “Regents for”, delete “Connecticut Commission on”, and add “Advisory Committee”, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-61 amended Subsec. (a) by eliminating Commission on Fire Prevention and Control from boards and commissions excepted from Governor’s appointment authority, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-233 amended Subsec. (a) by adding Commission on Fire Prevention and Control to boards and commissions excepted from Governor’s appointment authority, effective July 1, 2011.

Subsec. (b):

Cited. 22 CA 181.

Sec. 4-9b. Membership of boards, commissions, committees and councils: Qualifications, gender and racial diversity required considerations. Report. Right of action. (a) Appointing authorities, in cooperation with one another, shall make a good faith effort to ensure that, to the extent possible, the membership, except the ex-officio membership, of each state appointive board, commission, committee and council having members appointed by the Governor or appointed by members of the General Assembly is qualified and closely reflects the gender and racial diversity of the state. If there are multiple appointing authorities for a board, commission, committee or council, the appointing authorities shall inform each other of their appointees or planned appointees in order to facilitate compliance with this section.

(b) The executive officer or chairperson of each state appointive board, commission, committee and council having members appointed by the Governor or appointed by members of the General Assembly, except committees whose membership consists solely of members of the General Assembly, shall report in writing to the Secretary of the State on or after September first, but not later than October 1, 1993, and biennially thereafter, (1) the number of members of such body and (2) the composition of the body according to the term “race/sex”, as defined in the regulations of the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities. Such report shall not include the names of the individual members of the board, commission, committee or council. The Secretary of the State shall receive and maintain the reports submitted pursuant to this subsection as public records.

(c) No provision of this section shall (1) prohibit an individual from completing a term as a member of a state appointive board, commission, committee or council being served on July 2, 1993, or (2) create a private right of action.

(P.A. 93-424, S. 1, 2; P.A. 05-288, S. 212.)

History: P.A. 93-424 effective July 2, 1993; P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective July 13, 2005.

Sec. 4-9c. Confirmation process for appointments to Board of Trustees of The University of Connecticut and Board of Regents for Higher Education. Appointments made by the Governor to the Board of Trustees of The University of Connecticut and the Board of Regents for Higher Education shall be subject to the confirmation process described in section 4-7.

(P.A. 94-97, S. 3, 4; P.A. 11-48, S. 270.)

History: P.A. 94-97 effective May 25, 1994; P.A. 11-48 replaced “boards of trustees of the constituent units of the state system of higher education and to the Board for State Academic Awards” with “Board of Trustees of The University of Connecticut and the Board of Regents for Higher Education”, effective July 1, 2011.

Sec. 4-9d. Designation of replacement members on governmental bodies. When required officials unable or choose not to serve. (a) Unless otherwise provided by law, an elected or appointed officer of the executive or judicial branch who, as such officer, is required to serve on a board, commission, council, authority, task force or other body, and is unable or chooses not to so serve, may designate a person to serve on such body in his place, provided (1) an officer may only designate another officer of his agency and (2) an officer who is required by law to serve as a chairperson or presiding officer of such body shall not designate a person to serve on such body in his place.

(b) As used in this subsection, “legislative leader” means: (1) For members of the majority party of the Senate, the president pro tempore of the Senate; (2) for members of the minority party of the Senate, the minority leader of the Senate; (3) for members of the majority party of the House of Representatives, the speaker of the House of Representatives; (4) for members of the minority party of the House of Representatives, the minority leader of the House of Representatives. Unless otherwise provided by law, when a member of the General Assembly who, as such member, is required to serve on a board, commission, council, authority, task force or other body, and is unable or chooses not to so serve, the legislative leader of such member may designate another member of the General Assembly to serve on such body in the place of such member, except that if such member is required by law to serve as a chairperson or presiding officer of such body, the legislative leader of such member shall not designate another member to serve on such body in the place of such member.

(P.A. 95-38, S. 2.)

Sec. 4-10. Appointments to state boards and commissions; lists. In the appointment of any member or members of any board or commission, which member or members are required by statute to be appointed by the Governor, any list from which any nominee may be selected, required to be presented to the Governor, shall continue to be submitted to him; but, in making any such appointment, the Governor may select the nominee from such list or otherwise as he deems for the best interests of the state.

(1949 Rev., S. 93.)

See Sec. 9-167a re minority representation.

Sec. 4-11. Suspension of administrative officers. When the Governor has reason to believe that any officer or commissioner of the Executive Department who is appointed or nominated by the Governor, with or without confirmation of the General Assembly or either house thereof, or any duly authorized deputy of such officer, is guilty of misconduct, material neglect of duty or incompetence in the conduct of his office, he shall serve upon such officer, commissioner or deputy a notice of the charges preferred against him, of the time, within ten days of the service of such notice, when such officer, commissioner or deputy will be given a hearing by him on such charges and of the place where such hearing will be held. The Governor may suspend any such officer, commissioner or deputy from office pending his decision on such charges upon including in the notice required herein his order of such suspension.

(1949 Rev., S. 83; 1969, P.A. 481, S. 4.)

History: 1969 act deleted reference to deputy commissioners.

Sec. 4-12. Removal of officer, commissioner or deputy. Whenever the Governor is of the opinion that any such officer, commissioner or deputy has been or is guilty of misconduct, material neglect of duty or incompetence in the conduct of his office, he shall transmit all facts and information in his possession relating thereto to the Attorney General, who shall thereupon make such investigation as he deems proper, and shall prepare a statement in writing of the charges against such officer, commissioner or deputy, together with a citation, in the name of the state, commanding him to appear before the Governor at a date named therein and show cause, if any there be, why he should not be removed from office as provided in this section. The Attorney General shall cause a copy of such statement and citation to be served, by some proper officer or indifferent person, upon such officer, commissioner or deputy and shall cause a copy thereof, together with a return of the service by the officer or indifferent person making the same endorsed thereon, to be filed in the office of the Secretary. Such officer, commissioner or deputy shall have the right to appear with counsel and witnesses and be fully heard. To carry into effect the proceedings authorized by this section, the Attorney General shall have power to summon witnesses, require the production of any necessary books, papers or other documents and administer oaths to witnesses, and, upon the date named in such citation for the appearance of such officer, commissioner or deputy or at any adjourned date fixed by the Governor, shall appear and conduct the hearing on behalf of the state. He shall cause all oral evidence submitted at such hearing to be reported by a competent stenographer and for such purpose may employ such stenographer at the expense of the state, and, within fifteen days after the close of any such hearing, he shall cause a certified copy of such evidence to be filed with the Secretary. After a full hearing of all the evidence offered by the Attorney General and by or on behalf of any such officer, commissioner or deputy, the Governor shall make a written statement of the facts which he finds to have been proven, and shall, within a reasonable time, file a copy of such finding, duly attested by him, with the Secretary. If the Governor finds that the evidence warrants the removal of such officer, commissioner or deputy from office, he shall make a written order to that effect, and shall cause a copy thereof to be left with or at the usual place of abode of such officer, commissioner or deputy and shall also file a copy thereof with the Secretary. Upon the filing of such copy with the Secretary, the office held by such officer, commissioner or deputy shall become vacant, and the Governor shall thereupon proceed to fill or cause to be filled such vacancy in the manner provided by law. Any witness summoned and any officer or indifferent person making service under the provisions of this section shall be allowed and paid by the state the same fees as are allowed by law in criminal prosecutions.

(1949 Rev., S. 94; 1961, P.A. 517, S. 84; 1969, P.A. 481, S. 5; P.A. 10-32, S. 6.)

History: 1961 act deleted county commissioners; 1969 act replaced specific references to deputy commissioner with more general “deputy”; P.A. 10-32 made technical changes, effective May 10, 2010.

Sec. 4-12a. Governor’s powers of suspension or removal under sections 4-11 and 4-12 not applicable to deputies appointed by department heads. Sections 4-11 and 4-12 shall not apply to department heads or deputies appointed by such department heads.

(1969, P.A. 481, S. 6; P.A. 77-614, S. 7, 610.)

History: P.A. 77-614 included deputies in exemption.

Sec. 4-13. Subpoenas. In case of contumacy by any person or his refusal to obey a subpoena issued to him under section 4-12, any court of this state, within the jurisdiction of which the inquiry is carried on or within the jurisdiction of which such person guilty of contumacy or of refusal to obey is found or resides or transacts business, upon application by the Attorney General, shall have jurisdiction to issue to such person an order requiring him to appear before the Governor, there to produce evidence if so ordered or there to give testimony concerning the matter under investigation or in question; and any person failing to obey such order of the court may be punished by such court as for contempt thereof. Any person who, without just cause, fails to attend and testify or to answer any lawful inquiry or to produce books, papers, correspondence, memoranda or other records, if it is in his power so to do, in obedience to any such subpoena, shall be fined not more than two hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months or both.

(1949 Rev., S. 95.)

Sec. 4-13a. Appearance of assistant on subpoena of state officer. Whenever any elective state officer or his deputy or any state commissioner or his deputy is subpoenaed to appear before any court in any matter involving the state, he may delegate any assistant having knowledge of the facts in issue to appear for him, unless such summons is issued by a judge of the court before which such matter is pending, requiring the personal appearance of said commissioner.

(P.A. 73-366.)

Cited. 207 C. 77.

Sec. 4-14. Transportation allowance for state officers, auditors and Governor’s executive secretary. Upon request by any elected state officer, by either auditor of public accounts or by the Governor’s executive secretary, the Comptroller shall pay to such officer, auditor or secretary, for transportation for each day’s attendance at his office in the Capitol, an allowance per mile on the same basis as provided for members of the General Assembly under the provisions of section 2-15, which shall be charged by the Comptroller against the amount allotted for the expenses of such officer when an allowance for expenses is made.

(1949 Rev., S. 198; 1949, S. 68d; 1957, P.A. 3, S. 1.)

See Sec. 3-9 re provision of automobile for Governor’s use.

Sec. 4-15. Expenses of state officers and employees. Except as provided in sections 2-15 and 4-14, the Comptroller shall not draw any order on the Treasurer for any sum to cover any charge for expense for travel to and from his home and the Capitol, or any personal expense while at the Capitol, of any officer or employee of the state having an office in the Capitol; or for any sum charged for clerical services rendered such officer or employee other than services rendered at the office of such officer or employee at the Capitol, except for clerical or special services approved by the Commissioner of Administrative Services.

(1949 Rev., S. 199; P.A. 77-614, S. 79, 610.)

History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of finance and control with commissioner of administrative services.

Sec. 4-16. Expenses paid by the state. Expenses incurred in the discharge of their official duties by directors of state institutions, members of state boards, commissioners, deputy commissioners and executive heads of state departments and by their subordinates under their direction shall be paid by the state.

(1949 Rev., S. 274.)

Sec. 4-16a. Indemnification of commissioners. The state shall protect, save harmless and indemnify all department heads as defined in section 4-5, and the Adjutant General from financial loss and expense, including legal fees and costs, if any, arising out of any claim, demand, suit or judgment by reason of alleged negligence or other act, resulting in accidental bodily injury to or death of any person, or in accidental danger to or destruction of property, or any other acts resulting in any injury, which acts are not wanton, reckless, or malicious, provided such person at the time of the acts resulting in such injury, damage or destruction, was acting in the discharge of his duties or within the scope of his employment.

(P.A. 74-236, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 486, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136.)

History: P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 changed state police commissioner to commissioner of public safety but separate reference to the commissioner was dropped as no longer necessary.

Sec. 4-17. Meeting attendance of trustees or directors of state-aided institutions. The office of any trustee or director of any institution receiving state aid, appointed by the Governor or the General Assembly, who, for a period of two successive years, has failed to attend any of the meetings of the board of trustees or directors of which he is a member, shall be vacant, provided such trustee or director shall have had notice of each of such meetings; and, unless otherwise provided by statute, regulation or bylaw governing such board of trustees or directors, such board shall fill such vacancy.

(1949 Rev., S. 288.)

Sec. 4-18. Resignations of state officers. The Governor may accept the resignation of any officer whose successor, in case of vacancy in office, he has power to nominate or appoint.

(1949 Rev., S. 91.)

Where commissioner’s findings and conclusions of law did not include a finding of the intent necessary to constitute a violation of a statute, appeal from his decision will be sustained. 167 C. 493.

Sec. 4-19. Appointments to fill vacancies. When the General Assembly is not in session and when no other provision has been made for filling any vacancy in an office, appointment to which is made by the General Assembly or either branch thereof, whether or not on nomination by the Governor, or appointment to which is made by the Governor with the advice and consent of the General Assembly or either branch thereof, the Governor may fill the same until the sixth Wednesday of the next regular session of the General Assembly, and until a successor is elected or appointed and has qualified. The Governor may fill any vacancy in any office to which he has power of appointment, provided the Governor may not appoint a person who was nominated for an appointment subject to the advice and consent of the General Assembly or either branch thereof and whose nomination was rejected by the General Assembly or either branch thereof during the last preceding regular session of the General Assembly to the same or similar vacancy unless the General Assembly is in regular session.

(1949 Rev., S. 92; 1967, P.A. 165, S. 1; P.A. 77-604, S. 2, 84; P.A. 93-154, S. 4, 5.)

History: 1967 act restated provisions clarifying applicability to vacancies in offices filled by general assembly appointment “whether or not on nomination by the governor”; P.A. 77-604 made no changes; P.A. 93-154 specified that applicable ending date of gubernatorial appointments occurs during regular general assembly sessions and prohibited governor from filling vacancy with person rejected by general assembly unless general assembly in regular session, effective July 1, 1993.

See Sec. 4-7(c) re vacancies in offices of department head.

Applies to judges and county commissioners; when vacancy deemed to exist. 87 C. 547; Id., 596; 133 C. 54. Cited. 120 C. 435; 132 C. 521. Terms of judges appointed for two-year term could not be extended and governor had power to fill vacancies. 135 C. 638. Cited. 136 C. 318. Ineffective to extend term of office of municipal court judge beyond two years provided by twentieth amendment. 138 C. 153. Words “originally filled by the general assembly” construed. 144 C. 612.

Governor’s authority to fill a vacancy in the civil service. 8 CS 172.

Sec. 4-20. Bonding of state officers and employees. (a) The State Insurance and Risk Management Board shall, not later than October 1, 1974, and quadrennially thereafter, set the penalties of the bonds of the following officers, having due regard for the duties and responsibilities of said officers, for four-year terms concurrent with their respective terms of office: The Secretary of the State and those department heads listed in section 4-5. Said officers shall, before entering upon the performance of the duties of their office, give their official bonds in the penalty fixed by the board. The premium for said bonds shall be paid by the state.

(b) All state officers, state employees and other persons, other than those listed in subsection (a) of this section, who in the opinion of the board should be bonded, shall be bonded, the amount, condition and form to be determined by the board. Bonds taken pursuant to this subsection shall be purchased by the board, at the request of the Comptroller at state expense from a company or companies authorized to issue such bonds and having an office and licensed to do business in this state. The Comptroller may, at any time, request that any such bond be cancelled or terminated and any rebate of premium thereon shall be returned to the Comptroller for deposit in the General Fund.

(c) All bonds required by this section shall be approved as to form by the Attorney General and shall be filed in the office of the Secretary of the State, except that bonds of the Secretary of the State and his deputy and subordinates shall be kept by the Treasurer. A record shall be made in the office of the Secretary of the State, giving the name of the officer, employee, agency or person for whom each bond is issued, the name of the company issuing the same and the number, date and time of expiration thereof, and of any certificate renewing such bond.

(June, 1955, S. 102d; 1972, P.A. 241, S. 1; P.A. 77-563, S. 1, 5; P.A. 99-51, S. 3, 9; 99-145, S. 16, 23; P.A. 05-288, S. 10.)

History: 1972 act deleted former Subsec. (a), relettered remaining Subsecs. accordingly, replaced committee on bonding of state officers and employees with state insurance purchasing board and changed deadline from October 1, 1966, to October 1, 1974; P.A. 77-563 made board rather than comptroller responsible for purchasing bonds and made provision for placing refunds of cancelled bonds in general fund; P.A. 99-51, effective May 27, 1999, and P.A. 99-145, effective June 8, 1999, both amended Subsec. (a) to substitute “State Insurance and Risk Management Board” for “State Insurance Purchasing Board”; P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective July 13, 2005.

See Sec. 4-54 re bond requirement for persons acting as treasurers of activity funds.

Sec. 4-21. Commissioners empowered to take acknowledgment of deeds and other instruments for Connecticut. Prior to October 1, 1995, the Governor may appoint and commission a convenient number of commissioners in each of the other states of the United States, in any territory thereof and in the District of Columbia, for the term of five years, commencing with the date of their respective commissions, unless the appointments and commissions are sooner revoked. Each commissioner so appointed and commissioned shall have power to take the acknowledgment of deeds and of any instruments required by the laws of this state to be acknowledged, to administer oaths or affirmations, examine witnesses and take depositions relating to any cause pending, or to be brought, in any of the courts of this state; but no commissioner shall act as such until he has filed with the Secretary an affidavit, signed and sworn to by him before proper authority, that he will faithfully perform his duties as such commissioner. Each commissioner so appointed and commissioned who has filed such an affidavit prior to October 1, 1995, and whose commission has not been revoked, shall continue to serve as such commissioner until the expiration of said commission or until said commission is revoked, whichever is earlier.

(1949 Rev., S. 87, 88; P.A. 95-76, S. 5.)

History: P.A. 95-76 authorized appointments only “Prior to October 1, 1995,” and added provision re service by commissioners filing affidavits prior to said date.

Sec. 4-22. State chemists. The Governor shall appoint one or more state chemists, who shall be sworn and shall hold office for two years, unless sooner removed by him, and who shall perform such duties as are or may be prescribed by law. The Governor, within ten days after such appointment, and the officer who administers the oath of office to any such state chemist, within ten days thereafter, shall each certify his action to the Secretary, who shall make a record thereof and may thereupon certify that such person has been appointed and sworn as a state chemist.

(1949 Rev., S. 89.)

Sec. 4-23. Fees of state chemist. A state chemist shall receive, for each analysis made and recorded, ten dollars, and for copies of record, the same fees as clerks of courts; provided, when any analysis is made by order of court, the fees therefor and for a copy of record shall be taxed as a part of the costs; but any analysis made for private parties shall be paid for by them at such rate as is agreed upon.

(1949 Rev., S. 3590.)