CHAPTER 204*

LOCAL LEVY AND COLLECTION OF TAXES

*See Sec. 12-1d for transfer of functions, powers and duties under this chapter to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management.

Table of Contents

Sec. 12-122. Selectmen to estimate town’s expenses; tax levy to pay current expenses.

Sec. 12-122a. Uniform city-wide mill rate for taxation of motor vehicles.

Sec. 12-123. Selectmen to make rate bill when town fails to lay sufficient tax.

Sec. 12-124. Abatement of taxes and interest.

Sec. 12-124a. Municipal option to abate taxes on residence exceeding eight per cent of occupants’ income.

Sec. 12-125. Abatement of taxes of corporations.

Sec. 12-125a. Waiver of taxes on certain property held by suppliers of water.

Sec. 12-125b. Exemption or abatement of tax on real property bought from the state by a municipality.

Sec. 12-126. Abatement or refund of tax on tangible personal property assessed in more than one municipality.

Sec. 12-127. Abatement or refund on proof of exempt status.

Sec. 12-127a. Abatement of taxes on structures of historical or architectural merit.

Sec. 12-128. Refund of tax erroneously collected from veterans and relatives.

Sec. 12-129. Refund of excess payments.

Sec. 12-129a. Moratorium on tax payment for persons over sixty-five.

Sec. 12-129b. Real property tax relief for certain persons sixty-five years of age or over.

Sec. 12-129c. Application for real property tax relief for certain persons sixty-five years of age or over. Biennial requirements. Penalty for false affidavit or false statement.

Sec. 12-129d. State payment in lieu of tax revenue.

Secs. 12-129e and 12-129f. Failure to reapply for benefits. Grants to municipalities.

Sec. 12-129g. Appropriation.

Secs. 12-129h and 12-129i. Tax relief for special tax. State reimbursement in lieu of tax.

Secs. 12-129j to 12-129m. State refunds of property tax payments to certain persons sixty-five or over.

Sec. 12-129n. Optional municipal property tax relief program for certain homeowners age sixty-five or over or permanently and totally disabled.

Sec. 12-129o. Optional property tax relief by a municipality for certain elderly persons when special tax is levied.

Sec. 12-129p. Maximum benefits for homeowner receiving tax relief under section 12-129b.

Sec. 12-129q. Grants to property owners in special services districts.

Sec. 12-129r. Municipal option to abate taxes on open space in exchange for transfer of development rights to municipality.

Sec. 12-129s. Municipal option to abate taxes on high mileage motor vehicles and hybrid passenger cars.

Sec. 12-129t. Municipal option to abate taxes on visitable housing.

Sec. 12-130. Collectors; rate bills and warrants. Statements of state aid.

Sec. 12-130a. Training, examination and certification of municipal tax collectors.

Sec. 12-131. Special forms for assessment lists, abstract books and rate bills.

Sec. 12-132. Form and tax warrant.

Sec. 12-133. Taxes of subdivisions of towns.

Sec. 12-134. Tax account and receipt to bear same number.

Sec. 12-135. Execution of tax warrant. Collection by successor or by executor or administrator of deceased collector.

Sec. 12-136. Bonds of tax collectors. Appointment of new collector.

Sec. 12-137. Appointment of acting tax collectors.

Sec. 12-138. Collector to report to town clerk mistakes in assessment.

Sec. 12-139. Collector’s books open to public inspection.

Sec. 12-140. Fees of tax collectors.

Sec. 12-141. Collection of taxes; definitions.

Sec. 12-141a. Payment of municipal taxes by credit card.

Sec. 12-142. Installments; due date.

Sec. 12-143. Installment payments; priority of personal property taxes.

Sec. 12-144. Payment of taxes of not more than one hundred dollars.

Sec. 12-144a. Payment of tax on motor vehicles.

Sec. 12-144b. Tax payment applicable to oldest obligation on specific property.

Sec. 12-144c. Optional waiver of property tax under twenty-five dollars.

Sec. 12-144d. Motor vehicle property tax due July first.

Sec. 12-145. Notice to pay taxes. Rate of interest when delinquent. Waiver.

Sec. 12-146. Tax, when delinquent. Interest. Waiver of interest, when.

Sec. 12-146a. Revocation of municipal and district health department permits for failure to pay personal property taxes.

Sec. 12-146b. Withholding of municipal payments for failure to pay property taxes.

Sec. 12-146c. Payments by residents in the armed forces called to active service for military action in Iraq or Afghanistan.

Sec. 12-146d. Payments by residents who are spouses domiciled with members of the armed forces called to active service for military action in Iraq.

Sec. 12-146e. Payments by residents in the armed forces called to active service who are serving outside the state.

Sec. 12-147. Collector to deliver money and lists to treasurer monthly. Treasurer to examine books.

Sec. 12-148. Identification of taxpayers.

Sec. 12-149. Lists of taxpayers to be preserved until settlement with collector.

Sec. 12-150. Penalty.

Sec. 12-151. Record-receipt books.

Sec. 12-152. Tax on portion of property assessed as a whole.

Sec. 12-153. Receipts for partial payments in cases of transfer.

Sec. 12-154. Proceedings against negligent collector.

Sec. 12-155. Demand and levy for the collection of taxes and water or sanitation charges.

Sec. 12-156. Sale of equity or particular estate under tax levy.

Sec. 12-157. Method of selling real estate for taxes.

Sec. 12-158. Form of collector’s deed. Liability of municipalities for breach of warranty.

Sec. 12-159. Collector’s deed as evidence. Irregularities.

Sec. 12-159a. Court orders in actions contesting validity of collector’s deed. Lien.

Sec. 12-159b. Time for action contesting validity of collector’s deed.

Sec. 12-160. Poor debtor’s oath.

Sec. 12-161. Collection by suit.

Sec. 12-161a. In proceedings by municipality to collect delinquent taxes on personal property, owner shall pay court costs, appraiser’s fees and attorneys’ fees incurred.

Sec. 12-162. Alias tax warrant. Service of warrants upon financial institutions. Request for information.

Sec. 12-163. Jeopardy collection of taxes. Written notice.

Sec. 12-163a. Receivership of rents for the collection of delinquent taxes.

Sec. 12-164. Tax uncollectible after fifteen years. Interest on improvement liens.

Sec. 12-165. Municipal suspense tax book.

Sec. 12-166. Powers and duties of collector.

Sec. 12-167. Reports of tax collectors.

Sec. 12-167a. Affidavit concerning facts within personal knowledge of affiant re giving of notice of tax sales. Recording and indexing.

Sec. 12-168. Tax collector not personally liable in the absence of negligence or wilful misconduct.

Sec. 12-169. Payment of taxes due on Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday.

Sec. 12-169a. Motor vehicle property tax check-off for local scholarship fund.

Sec. 12-169b. Addition of municipal expenses to property taxes for real estate violating health, safety or housing codes.

Sec. 12-170. Penalty for official misconduct.


Sec. 12-122. Selectmen to estimate town’s expenses; tax levy to pay current expenses. The selectmen of each town, in their annual report to be submitted at the annual town meeting, shall include an itemized estimate of the current expenses of the departments of the town for the ensuing year, which estimate shall be altered or approved as the voters determine at such town meeting. Upon completion of the work of the board of assessment appeals and of the final assessment list, the town shall levy a tax on such list, payable not later than forty days prior to the end of the fiscal year for which the tax was levied. No town shall levy a tax which, in addition to the other estimated yearly income of the town, shall be insufficient to pay the estimated expenses of the town for the current year. If the estimated income, including taxes, proves insufficient to pay the current expenses of the town, the selectmen, in their next annual estimate of current expenses, shall include a sum sufficient to pay the deficit in such expenses of the previous year. The provisions of this section shall not apply to towns which have boards or departments of finance.

(1949 Rev., S. 1803; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 70; P.A. 95-283, S. 59, 68.)

History: P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995.

Towns are required to levy such taxes as are sufficient to pay the estimated expenses of the town for the current year. 14 CS 258.

Sec. 12-122a. Uniform city-wide mill rate for taxation of motor vehicles. Any municipality which has more than one taxing district may by a majority vote of its legislative body set a uniform city-wide mill rate for taxation of motor vehicles, except that if the charter of such municipality provides that any mill rate for property tax purposes shall be set by the board of finance of such municipality, such uniform city-wide mill rate may be set by a majority vote of such board of finance.

(P.A. 74-211; P.A. 76-191, S. 1, 2.)

History: P.A. 76-191 added exception re setting of mill rate by board of finance.

Sec. 12-123. Selectmen to make rate bill when town fails to lay sufficient tax. When any town has failed to lay necessary taxes or to lay a tax which, in addition to the other estimated yearly income of the town, is sufficient to pay the current expenses of such town, its selectmen shall make a rate bill upon its list last completed for the amount necessary, or for an amount sufficient to pay the deficit in such current expenses, and cause the same to be collected as other taxes.

(1949 Rev., S. 1804.)

No statutory right for taxpayer to enjoin collection of taxes that are not abuse of broad discretion conferred on boards of selectmen by section. 217 C. 303.

Cited. 32 CS 237.

Sec. 12-124. Abatement of taxes and interest. The selectmen of towns, the mayor and aldermen of cities, the warden and burgesses of boroughs and the committees of other communities may abate the taxes, or the interest on delinquent taxes, or both, assessed by their respective communities upon such persons as are poor and unable to pay the same or upon railroad companies in bankruptcy reorganization, and shall present to each annual meeting of their respective communities a list of all persons whose taxes, or the interest on whose taxes, they have abated in the preceding year.

(1949 Rev., S. 1805; 1967, P.A. 40; P.A. 77-533, S. 2, 3.)

History: 1967 act allowed abatement of interest on delinquent taxes; P.A. 77-533 allowed abatement of tax or interest for railroad companies in bankruptcy reorganization in addition to abatements for the poor.

If person against whom taxes assessed comes within statute, taxes may properly be abated after his death in favor of surviving family. 125 C. 623.

Sec. 12-124a. Municipal option to abate taxes on residence exceeding eight per cent of occupants’ income. (a) Any municipality may, upon approval by its legislative body or in any town in which the legislative body is a town meeting, by the board of selectmen, abate the property taxes due for any tax year with respect to any residential dwelling occupied by the owner or owners and for whom such dwelling is the primary place of residence, to the extent that such property taxes exceed eight per cent or more of the total income from any source, adjusted for self-employed persons to reflect the allowance for expenses in determining adjusted gross income for federal income tax purposes, of such owner or owners and any other person for whom such dwelling is the primary place of residence, for the calendar year immediately preceding the beginning of the tax year for which such taxes are due. Application for such abatement shall be made not later than thirty days preceding the tax due date for such tax year, provided if the amount of such taxes has not been determined on such date, within ten days following determination of the amount of such taxes.

(b) Whenever any municipality has approved abatement of taxes as provided in subsection (a) of this section, the owner or owners shall deliver to the tax collector in such municipality, not later than ten days following the tax due date for such taxes abated, an agreement, on a form executed and acknowledged in the form and manner required for the transfer of an interest in real property, to reimburse such municipality in the amount of the taxes abated, with interest at six per cent per annum or such rate as approved by the legislative body. Such agreement shall contain a legal description of the real property with respect to which such abatement is approved and shall be recorded in the land records of such municipality. Such agreement shall constitute a lien on such real property which shall remain valid until paid. Such lien shall be due and payable in full upon the sale or transfer of such real property or upon the death of the owner, or if owned by more than one person at the time such lien is created, upon the death of the last of such owners surviving. Such lien shall be released by the tax collector in such municipality when the taxes secured thereby have been paid. No lien recorded under the provisions of this subsection shall take precedence over any mortgage recorded in the land records prior to such certificate of lien.

(P.A. 78-235, S. 1, 2; P.A. 81-444, S. 1, 2.)

History: P.A. 81-444 allowed abatement to the extent that such taxes exceed 8%, rather than 10%, or more of the total income of the occupants of the owner’s dwelling, effective July 7, 1981, and applicable in any municipality to assessment year commencing October 1, 1981, and thereafter.

Sec. 12-125. Abatement of taxes of corporations. If any corporation carrying on business in this state is poor and unable to pay real or personal property taxes or both levied against it by any municipality, if such corporation has applied for a working-capital loan from one or more agencies of the United States and if the amount of taxes due to such municipality constitutes a bar or a handicap to the granting of such loan, application may be made to the selectmen of a town not consolidated with a city or borough, to the common council or mayor and board of aldermen if a city, to the warden and burgesses if a borough and to the governing board of any other municipality, for the abatement in whole or in part of such real estate and personal property taxes. Such application shall be in writing and shall contain a recital of the facts and the reason why the corporation believes that it is necessary for the municipality to abate its taxes in whole or in part. Such municipal authority, after an examination of the facts and after hearing, shall have power to abate in whole or in part real and personal property taxes levied by it against such corporation, provided the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, after having obtained the written consent of the Attorney General, shall approve. The name of each such corporation receiving such abatement and the amount of taxes so abated shall be presented to the next regular meeting of such municipality. If any corporation receiving abatement as provided in this section withdraws its application for the loan because of which the abatement was granted or if the corporation for any reason fails to receive the loan for which application was made and in accordance with which the abatement was granted, such abatement shall be rescinded and have no effect.

(1949 Rev., S. 1806; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47.)

History: P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980.

Sec. 12-125a. Waiver of taxes on certain property held by suppliers of water. Any municipality may, upon approval by its legislative body, or by the board of selectmen in any town in which the legislative body is a town meeting, waive property taxes and interest related thereto which may be due for any tax year with respect to real or personal property held by any person, firm or corporation for the purpose of creating or furnishing a supply of water for domestic use, exclusive of any such property (1) owned by a municipal corporation or (2) used by any such person, firm or corporation in creating or furnishing such a supply of water for purposes of profit related to such use, with such profit inuring to such person or the owners of such firm or corporation.

(P.A. 83-563, S. 2.)

Sec. 12-125b. Exemption or abatement of tax on real property bought from the state by a municipality. Any municipality that purchases a parcel of land, or a portion thereof owned by the state may enter into an agreement (1) exempting such parcel or portion thereof from any property tax imposed by the municipality, or providing that such parcel or portion thereof is subject to all or any portion of such property tax, and (2) providing for payments in lieu of, or fixing, property taxes with respect to such parcel or portion thereof. Such agreement shall be for such amounts, duration and on such terms as may be approved by the legislative body of such municipality. Any payments in lieu of, or fixing, such taxes, together with interest thereon as provided in any such agreement, shall constitute a lien upon such property, taking precedence over all other liens and encumbrances. Such lien may be foreclosed in the same manner as a lien for property taxes.

(P.A. 06-194, S. 24.)

History: P.A. 06-194 effective July 1, 2006.

Sec. 12-126. Abatement or refund of tax on tangible personal property assessed in more than one municipality. If any tangible personal property is assessed in more than one municipality in any assessment year, upon payment of the tax in the municipality in which such property is subject to property tax for such assessment year in accordance with sections 12-43, 12-59 or 12-71, the tax in the other municipality or municipalities shall be removed from the rate book by means of a certificate of error issued by the assessor or board of assessors. If such tax has been paid to a municipality in which such property is not subject to property tax for such assessment year in accordance with said sections 12-43, 12-59 or 12-71, the amount thereof shall be refunded to the taxpayer upon written application therefor to the tax collector. Such application shall contain a recital of the facts, and the collector shall, after examination thereof, refer the same, with his recommendation thereon, to the board of selectmen in the case of a town or to the corresponding authority in any other municipality, and shall certify to the amount of refund to which the applicant is entitled. Upon receipt of such application and certification, the selectmen or other duly constituted authority shall draw an order upon the treasurer in favor of such applicant for such amount without interest.

(1949 Rev., S. 1807; 1955, S. 1074d; P.A. 83-485, S. 8, 13.)

History: P.A. 83-485 provided that, with respect to personal property which is assessed in more than one municipality, upon payment of tax in the municipality in which such property is subject to tax in accordance with Sec. 12-43, 12-59 or 12-71, the tax in other municipalities shall be removed from the rate book and that, with respect to tax on personal property which has been paid to a municipality in which such property is not subject to tax in accordance with Sec. 12-43, 12-59 or 12-71, the amount thereof shall be refunded, effective June 30, 1983, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1983, and each assessment year thereafter.

See Sec. 12-57 re issuance of certificate of correction when property improperly included on list.

Sec. 12-127. Abatement or refund on proof of exempt status. Any person who has been unable to submit evidence of blindness as required by section 12-92 or of other claim for exemption as required by section 12-93 may, when he obtains such evidence satisfactory to the assessors, make application to the collector of taxes, within one year after he obtains such evidence, for abatement in case the tax has not been paid, or for refund in case the whole tax has been paid, of such part or the whole of such tax as represents the exemption. Such abatement or refund may be granted retroactively to include the assessment day next succeeding the date as of which such person was entitled to the exemption, but in no case shall any abatement or refund be made for a period greater than one year.

(June, 1955, S. 1076d.)

Veteran not entitled to refund by virtue of assumption of tax under provisions of Sec. 12-70. 135 C. 228.

Sec. 12-127a. Abatement of taxes on structures of historical or architectural merit. (a) Any municipality may by ordinance provide for the abatement in whole or in part of real property taxes on structures of historical or architectural merit. Such municipality shall determine which structures within its locality shall be available for classification as historically or architecturally meritorious, or it may delegate such determination to local private preservation or architectural bodies.

(b) Such tax abatement shall be available to the owners of real property which is so classified if it can be shown to the satisfaction of the municipality that the current level of taxation is a material factor which threatens the continued existence of the structure, necessitating either its demolition or remodeling in a manner which destroys the historical or architectural value. If, after taxes on such structure have been abated under the terms of this section, such structure is demolished or remodeled in a way which destroys its architectural or historical value, the then owner shall pay to the municipality an amount equal to the total amount of taxes which had been abated under the provisions of this section.

(1969, P.A. 711, S. 1–3; P.A. 84-256, S. 9, 17.)

History: P.A. 84-256 deleted Subsec. (c) authorizing state reimbursement for tax abatements granted under this section.

Sec. 12-128. Refund of tax erroneously collected from veterans and relatives. The amount of any tax which has been collected erroneously from any person who has served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States, or from his relative, as specified in section 12-81, may be recovered from the municipality to which the same has been paid at any time within six years from the date of such payment upon presentation of a claim therefor to the collector of taxes. The collector shall examine such claim and, upon finding the claimant entitled thereto, shall certify to that effect to the selectmen of such town or other proper official of such municipality. Upon receipt of such certification, the selectmen or other proper official shall draw an order upon the treasurer in favor of such claimant for the amount, without interest, to which such claimant is entitled.

(1949 Rev., S. 1811; 1951, S. 1077d; P.A. 75-110, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 75-110 allowed recovery of erroneously collected tax within six, rather than three, years.

Sec. 12-129. Refund of excess payments. Any person, firm or corporation who pays any property tax in excess of the principal of such tax as entered in the rate book of the tax collector and covered by his warrant therein, or in excess of the legal interest, penalty or fees pertaining to such tax, or who pays a tax from which the payor is by statute exempt and entitled to an abatement, or who, by reason of a clerical error on the part of the assessor or board of assessment appeals, pays a tax in excess of that which should have been assessed against his property, or who is entitled to a refund because of the issuance of a certificate of correction, may make application in writing to the collector of taxes for the refund of such amount. Such application shall be made not later than (1) three years from the date such tax was due or (2) such extended deadline as the municipality may, by ordinance, establish. Such application shall contain a recital of the facts and shall state the amount of the refund requested. The collector shall, after examination of such application, refer the same, with his recommendations thereon, to the board of selectmen in a town or to the corresponding authority in any other municipality, and shall certify to the amount of refund, if any, to which the applicant is entitled. Upon receipt of such application and certification, the selectmen or such other authority shall draw an order upon the treasurer in favor of such applicant for the amount of refund so certified. Any action taken by such selectmen or such other authority shall be a matter of record, and the tax collector shall be notified in writing of such action. Upon receipt of notice of such action, the collector shall make in his rate book a notation which will date, describe and identify each such transaction. Each tax collector shall, at the end of each fiscal year, prepare a statement showing the amount of each such refund, to whom made and the reason therefor. Such statement shall be published in the annual report of the municipality or filed in the town clerk’s office within sixty days of the end of the fiscal year. Nothing in this section shall be construed to allow a refund based upon an error of judgment by the assessors. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, the legislative body of a municipality may, by ordinance, authorize the tax collector to retain payments in excess of the amount due provided the amount of the excess payment is less than five dollars.

(1949 Rev., S. 1812; 1957, P.A. 194; 1961, P.A. 102; 484, S. 1; P.A. 75-110, S. 2; P.A. 90-101, S. 2; P.A. 95-283, S. 10, 68; P.A. 99-151, S. 2, 3.)

History: 1961 acts added reference to the certificate of correction, and provided for filing of annual statement of refunds in town clerk’s office; P.A. 75-110 allowed six years, rather than one year, from date of payment for filing application for refund; P.A. 90-101 required that application for refund of tax paid in excess of the amount due as a result of clerical error must be submitted not later than three years from the tax due date and deleted the provision related to refunds as to which the procedure has, prior to October 1, 1943, been determined by statute; P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals and allowed a municipality to retain overpayments of less than $5, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 99-151 allowed municipalities to adopt ordinances to extend the time to file an application for a refund of excess property tax payments, effective June 23, 1999.

Cited. 195 C. 587.

Cited. 33 CA 270.

Sec. 12-129a. Moratorium on tax payment for persons over sixty-five. Section 12-129a is repealed.

(February, 1965, P.A. 386, S. 3; 1967, P.A. 755, S. 5.)

Sec. 12-129b. Real property tax relief for certain persons sixty-five years of age or over. (a) An owner of real property or any tenant for life or for a term of years liable for property taxes under section 12-48 who meets the qualifications stated in this subsection shall be entitled to pay the tax levied on said property, calculated in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) for the first year his claim for said tax relief is filed and approved in accordance with the provisions of section 12-129c, and he shall be entitled to continue to pay the amount of said tax or such lesser amount as may be levied in any year, without regard to the provisions of this section and section 12-129c, during each subsequent year that he shall meet said qualifications, and the surviving spouse of such owner or tenant, qualified in accordance with the requirements pertaining to a surviving spouse in this subsection, or any owner or tenant possessing a joint interest in said property with such owner at the time of such owner’s death and qualified at such time in accordance with the requirements in this subsection, shall be entitled to continue to pay the amount of said tax or such lesser amount as may be levied in any year, without regard to the provisions of this section and section 12-129c, as it becomes due each year following the death of such owner for as long as such surviving spouse or joint owner or joint tenant is qualified in accordance with the requirements in this subsection. After the first year a claim for said tax relief is filed and approved, application for said tax relief shall be filed biennially on a form prepared for such purpose by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. No such owner or tenant may qualify for said tax relief if such claim is filed after May 15, 1980. Any such owner or tenant who is qualified in accordance with this section and who files such claim on or before May 15, 1980, and any such surviving spouse or joint owner or joint tenant surviving upon the death of such owner or tenant, shall be entitled to pay said tax in the amount as provided in this section for so long as such owner or tenant or such surviving spouse or joint owner or joint tenant continues to be so qualified. To qualify for the tax relief provided in this section a taxpayer shall meet all the following requirements: (1) Be sixty-five years of age or over, or his spouse, who is domiciled with him, shall be sixty-five years or over, or be fifty years of age or over and the surviving spouse of a taxpayer who at the time of his death had qualified and was entitled to tax relief under this section and section 12-129c, provided such spouse was domiciled with such taxpayer at the time of his death, and (2) occupy said real property as his home, and (3) either he or his spouse shall have resided within this state for at least one year before filing his claim under this section and section 12-129c, and (4) have had adjusted gross income as determined under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, during the calendar year preceding the filing of his claim in an amount of not more than three thousand dollars if he shall be unmarried, or have adjusted gross income as determined under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, during the calendar year preceding the filing of the claim in an amount of not more than five thousand dollars if he shall be married and domiciled with his spouse or, on or after April 9, 1974, individually, if unmarried, or jointly if married, adjusted gross income and tax-exempt interest as determined under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, which is qualifying income, during the calendar year preceding the filing of the claim in an amount of not more than six thousand dollars. Notwithstanding provisions of the Internal Revenue Code under which certain portions of railroad retirement annuities are considered taxable income, for purposes of this subdivision the adjusted gross income of any such taxpayer for any income year commencing on or after January 1, 1984, shall not include any portion of such taxpayer’s income from railroad retirement annuities received under the Railroad Retirement Act, exclusive of any such income payable in accordance with the supplemental annuity provisions of said act. Notwithstanding any provision of the Internal Revenue Code under which any portion of income received as a pension from the United States Postal System is considered taxable income, for purposes of this subdivision the adjusted gross income of any such person for any income year commencing on or after January 1, 1996, shall not include any portion of said pension. A person who received pension income in the 1996 calendar year from the United States Postal System and who filed an application under subsection (e) of section 12-170aa prior to May 15, 1997, in lieu of filing an application under section 12-129c, shall be allowed to file an application under said section 12-129c with respect to income received during the 1996 calendar year, provided such application is filed prior to August 1, 1998. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section and subsection (c) of section 12-129b, the assessor of the town in which such person resides shall, upon approving such application, reinstate such person’s tax relief benefits under this section, as of the 1996 grand list, and shall notify the tax collector to remove any property tax credit under section 12-170aa that is reflected on such person’s rate bill for that assessment year.

(b) The tax on the real property for which the benefits under this section are claimed shall be calculated by multiplying the assessed value, less one thousand dollars, of said property for the year 1966 or for any subsequent year in which the taxpayer first files and has approved a claim under this section and section 12-129c, by the applicable mill rate of that year for the general property tax, exclusive of any special tax levy, except that, if such property is located in more than one town, the tax payable to the town of the taxpayer’s voting residence shall be so calculated and the tax payable to the other town or towns in which such property is located shall be calculated by multiplying the assessed value of said property for the year 1968 or for any subsequent year in which a taxpayer first files and has approved a claim under this section and section 12-129c by the applicable mill rate of such general property tax of that year. If title to real property is recorded in the name of the person or the spouse making a claim and qualifying under said sections and any other person or persons, the claimant hereunder shall be entitled to pay the claimant’s fractional share of the tax on such property calculated in accordance with the provisions of this section, and such other person or persons shall pay the person’s or persons’ fractional share of the tax without regard for the provisions of said sections. For the purposes of this section, a “mobile manufactured home”, as defined in section 12-63a, shall be deemed to be real property.

(c) If an owner of real property has qualified and received tax relief under this section and section 12-129c and subsequently has adjusted gross income in excess of the maximum as described in this section, he shall notify the municipal tax assessor on or before the next assessment date and shall be denied tax relief under this section for such assessment year and thereafter. Any person who fails to notify the municipal tax assessor of such disqualification shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars.

(d) If any person with respect to whom a claim for tax relief in accordance with this section and section 12-129c has been approved for any assessment year transfers, assigns, grants or otherwise conveys subsequent to the first day of October, but prior to the first day of August in such assessment year the interest in real property to which such claim for tax relief is related, regardless of whether such transfer, assignment, grant or conveyance is voluntary or involuntary, the amount of such tax relief benefit, determined as the amount by which the tax payable without benefit of this section exceeds the tax payable under the provisions of this section, shall be a pro rata portion of the amount otherwise applicable in such assessment year to be determined by a fraction the numerator of which shall be the number of full months from the first day of October in such assessment year to the date of such conveyance and the denominator of which shall be twelve. If such conveyance occurs in the month of October the grantor shall be disqualified for such tax relief in such assessment year. The grantee shall be required within a period not exceeding ten days immediately following the date of such conveyance to notify the assessor thereof, or in the absence of such notice, upon determination by the assessor that such transfer, assignment, grant or conveyance has occurred, the assessor shall (1) determine the amount of tax relief benefit to which the grantor is entitled for such assessment year with respect to the interest in real property conveyed and notify the tax collector of the reduced amount of such benefit and (2) notify the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management on or before the October first next following the end of the assessment year in which such conveyance occurs of the reduction in such benefit for purposes of a corresponding adjustment in the amount of state payment to the municipality next following as reimbursement for the revenue loss related to such tax relief. On or after December 1, 1989, any municipality which neglects to transmit to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management the adjustment as required by this section shall forfeit two hundred fifty dollars to the state, provided said secretary may waive such forfeiture in accordance with procedures and standards adopted by regulation in accordance with chapter 54. Upon receipt of such notice from the assessor, the tax collector shall, if such notice is received after the tax due date in the municipality, within ten days thereafter mail or hand a bill to the grantee stating the additional amount of tax due as determined by the assessor or assessors. Such tax shall be due and payable and collectible as other property taxes and subject to the same liens and processes of collection, provided such tax shall be due and payable in an initial or single installment not sooner than thirty days after the date such bill is mailed or handed to the grantee and in equal amounts in any remaining, regular installments as the same are due and payable.

(1967, P.A. 755, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 338, S. 1; 673, S. 1; 814, S. 2; 1971, P.A. 632, S. 2; 749; 1972, P.A. 253, S. 1; P.A. 74-55, S. 3, 4, 14; P.A. 76-383, S. 1, 2; P.A. 79-498, S. 1, 4; 79-514, S. 1, 4; 79-630; P.A. 80-139, S. 1, 2; 80-391, S. 1, 6; 80-463, S. 4, 6; P.A. 81-60, S. 1; 81-244, S. 1, 2; P.A. 83-409, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3, S. 1; P.A. 84-515, S. 6, 7; P.A. 87-586, S. 6, 12; P.A. 89-211, S. 21; P.A. 90-73, S. 2, 5; P.A. 96-180, S. 20, 166; P.A. 98-262, S. 19, 22; P.A. 99-89, S. 4, 10.)

History: 1969 acts added exception in Subsec. (b) re property located in more than one town, amended Subsec. (b) to allow multiplication by subsequent reduced rate, and to classify mobile homes as real property and substituted “adjusted gross income as determined under the Internal Revenue Code of 1954” for gross income from all sources; 1971 acts amended Subsec. (b) to specify that applicable mill rate is rate for general property tax exclusive of special tax levy, included tenants for life or for term of years liable for property taxes under Sec. 12-48 under provisions of section and substituted “taxpayer” for “owner” to reflect tenants’ inclusion; 1972 act amended Subsec. (a)(3) to clarify language and added Subsecs. (c) and (d) re tax relief for surviving spouse and re procedure in cases where recipient becomes ineligible because income limit exceeded; P.A. 74-55 amended Subsec. (a) to raise income limit to $6,000 as of April 9, 1974, and amended Subsec. (b) to add provision for calculation of benefits during year in which municipality adopts uniform fiscal year; P.A. 76-383 made payment at reduced rate applicable only to claims filed for the first time and approved before June 1, 1976; P.A. 79-498 amended Subsec. (a) to require surviving spouse to be at least 50 years old for benefits to continue and to have been domiciled with deceased recipient at time of death, deleted Subsec. (c) which had required only that surviving spouse be at least sixty and relettered Subsec. (d) accordingly, effective July 1, 1979, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1978; P.A. 79-514 changed residency requirement in Subsec. (a) from 5 years to 1 year; P.A. 79-630 added provisions that as of October 1, 1979, reduction in rate is not to include any reduction in rate during years in which revaluation becomes effective; P.A. 80-139 repealed provisions enacted in P.A. 79-630 and extended allowance for reduction in rates to all rather than limiting it to those whose claims were first filed and approved before June 1, 1976, effective May 6, 1980, and applicable to taxes levied in any town on assessment list for 1979 and each assessment list thereafter; P.A. 80-391 deleted reference to Sec. 12-63a and required biennial filing for continued relief, effective May 29, 1980, and applicable in any town to assessment year commencing October 1, 1980, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 80-463 placed May 15, 1980 as cut off for viable applications for tax relief, effective June 6, 1980, and applicable to homeowners for assessment year in any town commencing October 1, 1980, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 81-60 added Subsec. (d) concerning a reduction in benefit for the assessment year in which a homeowner’s residence is sold; P.A. 81-244 provided statutory authority for continuation of a deceased homeowner’s tax freeze benefit for a qualified surviving spouse or a qualified surviving joint owner and deleted provisions whereby once-eligible owner becoming ineligible because income exceeds maximum allowed could apply for and receive relief subsequently; P.A. 83-409 amended Subsec. (d) to specify that conveyance need not be voluntary and to set a date for notification of the conveyance to the secretary of the office of policy and management; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3 changed term “mobile home” in Subsec. (b) to “mobile manufactured home”; P.A. 84-515 amended Subsec. (a) by providing that qualifying income for purposes of eligibility under said Subsec. (a) shall be determined without the inclusion in the taxpayer’s adjusted gross income of any portion of such taxpayer’s income from railroad retirement annuities received under the Railroad Retirement Act, exclusive of any income under the supplemental annuity provisions of said act; P.A. 87-586 amended Subsec. (d) to provide for a forfeiture to the state by any municipality neglecting to transmit the information required for purposes of the adjustment in the amount of state reimbursement to the municipality as a result of a conveyance of the dwelling with respect to which property tax has been reduced as provided in this section; P.A. 89-211 clarified reference to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; P.A. 90-73 amended Subsec. (d) by providing that proration of benefit for the assessment year shall not be applicable in the event of conveyance of the real property to which such benefit is related in August or September of the year and adding provision for waiver of forfeiture related to municipal failure to submit benefit adjustment information as required; P.A. 96-180 made technical changes to conform section’s division into subsecs. with customary statutory usage, effective June 3, 1996; P.A. 98-262 amended Subsec. (a) to exclude income received from a United States Postal System pension from adjusted gross income for purposes of Subdiv. (4) and extend filing date, effective June 8, 1998; P.A. 99-89 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting obsolete provision re taxpayers in a municipality changing to a uniform fiscal year and making technical changes, effective June 3, 1999.

See Sec. 12-129p re maximum benefits for any homeowner receiving tax relief under Sec. 12-129b.

Sec. 12-129c. Application for real property tax relief for certain persons sixty-five years of age or over. Biennial requirements. Penalty for false affidavit or false statement. (a) No claim shall be accepted under section 12-129b unless the taxpayer or authorized agent of such taxpayer files an application with the assessor of the municipality in which the property is located, in affidavit form as provided by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, during the period from February first to and including May fifteenth of any year in which benefits are first claimed, including such information as is necessary to substantiate said claim in accordance with requirements in such application. A taxpayer may make application to the secretary prior to August fifteenth of the claim year for an extension of the application period. The secretary may grant such extension in the case of extenuating circumstance due to illness or incapacitation as evidenced by a certificate signed by a physician or an advanced practice registered nurse to that extent, or if the secretary determines there is good cause for doing so. The taxpayer shall present to the assessor a copy of such taxpayer’s federal income tax return and the federal income tax return of such taxpayer’s spouse, if filed separately, for such taxpayer’s taxable year ending immediately prior to the submission of the taxpayer’s application, or if not required to file a federal income tax return, such other evidence of qualifying income in respect to such taxable year as the assessor may require. Each such application, together with the federal income tax return and any other information submitted in relation thereto, shall be examined by the assessor and if the application is approved by the assessor, it shall be forwarded to the secretary on or before July first of the year in which such application is approved, except that in the case of a taxpayer who received a filing date extension from the secretary, such application shall be forwarded to the secretary not later than ten business days after the date it is filed with the assessor. After a taxpayer’s claim for the first year has been filed and approved such taxpayer shall be required to file such an application biennially. In respect to such application required after the filing and approval for the first year the tax assessor in each municipality shall notify each such taxpayer concerning application requirements by regular mail not later than February first of the assessment year in which such taxpayer is required to reapply, enclosing a copy of the required application form. Such taxpayer may submit such application to the assessor by mail, provided it is received by the assessor not later than March fifteenth in the assessment year with respect to which such tax relief is claimed. Not later than April first of such year the assessor shall notify, by certified mail, any such taxpayer for whom such application was not received by said March fifteenth concerning application requirements and such taxpayer shall be required not later than May fifteenth to submit such application personally or for reasonable cause, by a person acting on behalf of such taxpayer as approved by the assessor.

(b) Any person knowingly making a false affidavit for the purpose of claiming property tax relief under section 12-129b and this section shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars. Any person who fails to disclose all matters relating thereto or with intent to defraud makes a false statement shall refund to the state or to the municipality, as the case may be, all tax relief improperly taken.

(1967, P.A. 755, S. 2; 1969, P.A. 814, S. 3; 1972, P.A. 253, S. 2; P.A. 73-650, S. 4, 6; P.A. 74-55, S. 5, 14; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 80-391, S. 2, 6; P.A. 82-322, S. 1, 6; P.A. 83-485, S. 9, 13; P.A. 85-561, S. 1, 8; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 50, 85; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 98, 131; P.A. 10-32, S. 34; P.A. 12-197, S. 27.)

History: 1969 act required that affidavit be filed within 60 days after assessment date, rather than 14 days before first meeting of board of tax review and required assessor to mail notice of necessity for annual filing at least 10 days before assessment date; 1972 act deleted requirement for 10 days’ notice enacted in 1969; P.A. 73-650 placed June 30, 1973, deadline for acceptance of claims; P.A. 74-55 made former provisions Subsecs. (a) and (c), inserted substantially new Subsec. (b) permitting filings within 60 days after April 15, 1974, changed filing period from within 60 days after assessment date to “prior to and including May fifteenth of any year after calendar year 1974 ...” and deleted former provisions re notification of claimant and appeals; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 80-391 amended Subsec. (a) to detail procedure for required biennial filing with applicable deadlines and substituted “taxpayer” for “claimant”, effective May 29, 1980, and applicable in any town to assessment year commencing October 1, 1980, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 82-322 amended Subsec. (a) to require assessors to notify qualified taxpayers concerning reapplication requirements not later than February first, rather than January first, in year in which taxpayer must reapply and amended procedure re income tax information required so that it must be related to tax year of taxpayer ending immediately prior to application date, in lieu of tax year ending immediately prior to beginning of assessment year in which application is submitted, as previously required; P.A. 83-485 amended Subsec. (a) by providing that the taxpayer must file claim “during the period from February first to and including May fifteenth of any year” in lieu of “during the period prior to and including May fifteenth of any year” as previously provided, effective June 30, 1983, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1983, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 85-561 amended Subsec. (a) so that in cases of illness or incapacitation, evidenced by a physician’s certificate, taxpayers may file for an extension of the application period, provided such application is made prior to August fifteenth in the claim year, effective July 5, 1985, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1985, and each assessment year thereafter; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 amended Subsec. (a) to modify procedures for extensions of time for applications for relief and add requirements for such applications, deleted former Subsec. (b) re certain applications in 1974, redesignated former Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (b), and amended newly designated Subsec. (b) to change “exemption from taxation” to “claiming property tax relief”, to eliminate a possible term of imprisonment for making false affidavit and to provide for refund of tax relief improperly taken, effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 added provision re refund of defrauded tax relief to the state or the municipality, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 10-32 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective May 10, 2010; P.A. 12-197 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision re certification by an advanced practice registered nurse and making a technical change.

Sec. 12-129d. State payment in lieu of tax revenue. (a) On or before January first, annually, the tax collector of each municipality shall certify to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, on a form furnished by the secretary, the amount of tax revenue which such municipality, except for the provisions of section 12-129b, would have received, together with such supporting information as said secretary may require. On or after December 1, 1989, any municipality which neglects to transmit the claim and supporting information as required by this section shall forfeit two hundred fifty dollars to the state, provided said secretary may waive such forfeiture in accordance with procedures and standards adopted by regulation in accordance with chapter 54. Said secretary shall review each such claim in accordance with the procedure set forth in section 12-120b. Any claimant aggrieved by the results of the secretary’s review shall have the rights of appeal as set forth in section 12-120b.

(b) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall, on or before September first, annually, certify to the Comptroller the amount due each municipality under the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, including any modification of such claim made prior to September first, and the Comptroller shall draw an order on the Treasurer on or before the fifth business day following September first and the Treasurer shall pay the amount thereof to such municipality on or before the fifteenth day of September following. If any modification is made as the result of the provisions of subsection (a) of this section on or after the August fifteenth following the date on which the tax collector has provided the amount of tax revenue in question, any adjustments to the amount due to any municipality for the period for which such modification was made shall be made in the next payment the Treasurer shall make to such municipality pursuant to this section.

(1967, P.A. 755, S. 3, 4; P.A. 74-55, S. 7, 14; 74-338, S. 67, 94; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 85-371, S. 5, 10; 85-561, S. 2, 8; P.A. 87-586, S. 7, 12; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-73, S. 3, 5; 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4–6; 95-283, S. 18, 68; P.A. 96-261, S. 3, 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 51, 85; P.A. 05-287, S. 17.)

History: P.A. 74-55 set January first deadline for certification to commissioner rather than March first and replaced “12-129b” with “12-129c”; P.A. 74-338 corrected reference, returning it to original “12-129b”; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 85-371 extended final date for review by the secretary to the January first following deadline for receipt of claims and inserted provisions concerning modifications resulting in adjustments to amounts due to municipalities, effective July 1, 1985, and applicable to any grant or claim information received by the secretary of the office of policy and management on or after that date; P.A. 85-561 added Subsec. (c) providing for a procedure of correction in claim submitted, a procedure of appeal by the taxpayer, a hearing for the taxpayer before the secretary of the office of policy and management and appeal to the superior court if the taxpayer is aggrieved in respect to any action of said secretary, effective July 1, 1985, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1985, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-586 amended Subsec. (a) by inserting the forfeiture provision for any municipality which neglects to transmit the information required by this section for purposes of computing the amount of state reimbursement for property tax loss related to the program in Sec. 12-129b; P.A. 90-73 amended Subsec. (a) by adding the provision allowing waiver of the municipal forfeiture for failure to submit information as required for purposes of state reimbursement; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (a) to change location of appeal from the judicial district in which the municipality is located to the judicial district of Hartford-New Britain and Subsec. (c) to change location of appeal from the judicial district in which the applicant resides to the judicial district of Hartford-New Britain, effective October 1, 1996 (Revisor’s note: P.A. 88-230, 90-98, 93-142 and 95-220 authorized substitution of “judicial district of Hartford” for “judicial district of Hartford-New Britain” in 1995 public and special acts, effective September 1, 1998); P.A. 96-261 repealed changes made by P.A. 95-283, effective June 10, 1996; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 deleted former provisions re appeals of decisions of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, including former Subsec. (c), provided for such appeals in accordance with Sec. 12-120b and made technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 05-287 amended Subsec. (b) to change the deadline for the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management to certify to the Comptroller the amount due each municipality from August fifteenth to September first and to change the deadline for the Comptroller’s draw of an order on the Treasurer from on or before the first day of September following to on or before the fifth business day following September first, effective July 13, 2005.

See Sec. 12-120b re uniform administrative procedure for appeals related to state-reimbursed property tax exemptions, credits and rebates.

Secs. 12-129e and 12-129f. Failure to reapply for benefits. Grants to municipalities. Sections 12-129e and 12-129f are repealed.

(1969, P.A. 814, S. 4, 5; 1972, P.A. 253, S. 3.)

Sec. 12-129g. Appropriation. Obsolete.

(1969, P.A. 814, S. 17.)

Secs. 12-129h and 12-129i. Tax relief for special tax. State reimbursement in lieu of tax. Sections 12-129h and 12-129i are repealed, effective June 3, 1999.

(1971, P.A. 632, S. 1, 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 85-371, S. 6, 10; P.A. 99-89, S. 9, 10.)

Secs. 12-129j to 12-129m. State refunds of property tax payments to certain persons sixty-five or over. Sections 12-129j to 12-129m, inclusive, are repealed.

(P.A. 73-650, S. 1–3, 5, 6; P.A. 74-55, S. 13, 14.)

Sec. 12-129n. Optional municipal property tax relief program for certain homeowners age sixty-five or over or permanently and totally disabled. (a) Any municipality may, by vote of its legislative body on recommendation of its board of finance or equivalent body, provide property tax relief to residents of such municipality, with respect to real property owned and occupied by such residents as their principal residence, who are (1) sixty-five years of age and over, or whose spouses, living with them, are sixty-five years of age or over or sixty years of age or over and the surviving spouse of a taxpayer qualified in such municipality under this section at the time of his or her death or with respect to real property on which such residents or their spouses are liable for taxes under section 12-48, or (2) under age sixty-five and eligible in accordance with applicable federal regulations to receive permanent total disability benefits under Social Security, or have not been engaged in employment covered by Social Security and accordingly have not qualified for benefits thereunder, but have become qualified for permanent total disability benefits under any federal, state or local government retirement or disability plan, including the Railroad Retirement Act and any government-related teacher’s retirement plan, in which requirements with respect to qualifications for such permanent total disability benefits are comparable to such requirements under Social Security, provided such residents or their spouses under subdivisions (1) or (2) above have been taxpayers of such municipality for one year immediately preceding their receipt of tax benefits under this section, and meet the requirements which may be established by such municipality with respect to maximum income allowable during the calendar year preceding the year in which application is made for the tax relief provided in this section. No such property tax relief, together with any relief received by any such resident under the provisions of sections 12-129b to 12-129d, inclusive, and 12-170aa shall exceed, in the aggregate the total amount of the tax which would, except for said sections 12-129b to 12-129d, inclusive, 12-170aa and this section, be laid against the taxpayer.

(b) Prior to initial approval by the legislative body of such municipality of the plan of property tax relief to be provided pursuant to the provisions of this section, the executive authority of such municipality shall appoint a committee consisting of not less than five resident taxpayers of such municipality, which shall undertake and complete within a period not in excess of sixty days following such appointment, a study and investigation with respect to such property tax relief and, on the basis thereof, prepare a report to be presented to the board of finance or equivalent body of such municipality, which report shall include the following: (1) The fiscal effect of such property tax relief on property tax revenue for such municipality; (2) recommendations with respect to the form and extent of such property tax relief. After the initial approval of such property tax relief by the legislative body of such municipality, such plan may be amended from time to time by vote of its legislative body on recommendation of its board of finance or equivalent body without compliance with the requirements of this subsection applicable to such initial approval.

(c) The total abatement of property tax revenue, based on an estimate in any tax year by the board of finance or equivalent body of such municipality, which may be granted in such tax year by such municipality pursuant to the provisions of this section shall not exceed an amount equal to ten per cent of the total real property tax assessed in such municipality in the preceding tax year.

(d) Any such property tax relief granted to any such resident in accordance with the provisions of this section shall not disqualify such resident with respect to any benefits for which such resident shall be eligible under the provisions of sections 12-129b to 12-129d, inclusive, and 12-170aa, and any such property tax relief provided under this section shall be in addition to any such benefits for which such resident shall be eligible under said sections.

(e) Reimbursement of such municipality under the provisions of sections 12-129b to 12-129d, inclusive, and 12-170aa shall be limited to such amount as the municipality would be entitled to receive for revenues lost because of tax relief provided under the provisions of said sections. The property tax relief provided for in this section may, in any case where title to real property is recorded in the name of the taxpayer or his or her spouse and any other person or persons, be prorated to reflect the fractional share of such taxpayer or spouse or, if such property is a multiple-family dwelling, such relief may be prorated to reflect the fractional portion of such property occupied by the taxpayer.

(f) Any municipality providing property tax relief under this section may establish a lien on such property in the amount of the relief granted, provided if the total amount of such property tax relief with respect to any such taxpayer, when combined with any such tax relief for which such taxpayer may be eligible in accordance with sections 12-129b to 12-129d, inclusive, or 12-170aa, exceeds in the aggregate seventy-five per cent of the property tax for which such taxpayer would be liable but for the benefits under this section and any of the sections mentioned above in this subsection, such municipality shall be required to establish a lien on such property in the amount that such tax relief exceeds seventy-five per cent of such property tax liability, plus interest applicable to the total of such unpaid taxes at a rate to be determined by such municipality. Any such lien shall have a priority in the settlement of such person’s estate.

(g) (1) Any municipality establishing a program of property tax relief under this section shall make persons eligible for such relief if they qualify in accordance with age and income pursuant to subsection (a) of this section and are unit owners of a cooperative.

(2) The amount of annual property tax relief in accordance with this subsection to any such person shall be determined in relation to an assumed amount of property tax liability applicable to the assessed value for the dwelling unit which such person owns and occupies, as determined by the assessor in the municipality in which the cooperative is situated. For purposes of this section the assessor shall determine the assumed amount of property tax liability applicable to the assessed value for the dwelling unit of each such person who is otherwise eligible under this subsection, but such determination shall not constitute a tax bill for purposes of property taxation of such cooperative or any individual dwelling unit thereof. Annually, not later than the first day of June, the assessor in such municipality, upon receipt of an application for such relief, shall determine, with respect to the assessment list in such municipality for the assessment year commencing October first immediately preceding, the portion of the assessed value of the entire cooperative, as included in such assessment list, attributable to the dwelling unit occupied by such person. The assumed property tax liability for purposes of determining the amount of the relief shall be the product of such assessed value and the mill rate in such municipality as determined for purposes of property tax imposed on said assessment list for the assessment year commencing October first immediately preceding. The amount of relief to which such person shall be entitled for such assessment year shall be equivalent to the amount of tax reduction for which such person would qualify, considering such assumed property tax liability to be the actual property tax applicable to such person’s dwelling unit and such person as liable for the payment of such tax.

(P.A. 73-628; P.A. 74-294, S. 1, 2; P.A. 81-405; P.A. 85-442, S. 2, 3; P.A. 87-91, S. 1, 2; 87-116, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-120, S. 1, 2; P.A. 99-89, S. 5, 10; 99-189, S. 19, 20; P.A. 07-251, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 74-294 made former provisions Subsecs. (a) and (e) and added Subsecs. (b) to (d) and (f) re study committee, limit on total abatement, other benefits for which recipients are eligible and liens on property for which relief granted and added provisions in Subsec. (a) re benefits to surviving spouse and re maximum income allowance established by municipality; P.A. 81-405 reduced the period in Subsec. (a) during which a resident must be a taxpayer in the municipality before being qualified for the program from 3 years to 1 year; P.A. 85-442 amended Subsec. (b) to add provision re amendments to plan subsequent to its “initial” approval; P.A. 87-91 added provisions enabling municipalities to provide the same tax relief benefits to persons who are permanently totally disabled as allowed for certain persons age 65 or over, effective April 29, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-116 increased the amount of tax relief which may be allowed for eligible homeowners by any municipality, including any tax relief for which such homeowner is eligible under the state program for such taxpayers, from 75% of the tax otherwise due to the total amount of such tax, and required the municipality to establish a lien in the amount of the total tax relief granted when such tax relief exceeds 75% of the tax for which such taxpayer would otherwise be liable, effective May 11, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 93-120 added Subsec. (g) enabling municipalities to provide the same tax relief benefits to unit owners of cooperatives, effective June 14, 1993, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing October 1, 1993, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 99-89 deleted references to repealed Secs. 12-129h and 12-129i and made technical changes, effective June 3, 1999; P.A. 99-189 amended Subsec. (g)(2) by adding provisions re determination of assumed amount of property tax liability, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 07-251 amended Subsec. (f) to reduce amount of lien from the total amount of tax relief to amount that equals amount of tax relief that exceeds 75% of the property tax liability.

Sec. 12-129o. Optional property tax relief by a municipality for certain elderly persons when special tax is levied. (a) Whenever a special tax is levied on real property by any municipality, other than a special tax levied under the provisions of section 7-382, such municipality may by vote of its legislative body provide that any resident of such municipality who is eligible on the assessment date of such special tax for tax relief under section 12-129b with respect to the general property tax to be levied on such real property in the same calendar year, shall be liable only for a prorated amount of such special tax based on the percentage which such resident’s tax liability for said general tax in such municipality bears to the amount such tax liability would be if such resident were not eligible for tax relief under said section 12-129b, provided, if title to the real property is recorded in the name of such resident or his spouse making a claim and qualifying hereunder and any other person or persons, the claimant hereunder shall be liable to pay his fractional share of such special tax levy calculated in accordance with the provisions of this section, and such other person or persons shall pay his or their fractional share of the tax without regard to the provisions of this section. If, at the time the special tax is levied, the mill rate of the ensuing general tax has not been established and the tax levied, the special tax shall be levied in full and the proration herein provided for shall be calculated at the time such general tax is levied. Thereupon any such resident entitled to benefits in accordance with this section shall receive an abatement of the excess special tax levied if such tax has not been paid, or a refund of such excess if such tax has been paid.

(b) Section 12-129d shall not be applicable with respect to tax relief provided by any municipality in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section.

(P.A. 76-348, S. 1, 2; P.A. 99-89, S. 6, 10.)

History: P.A. 99-89 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting reference to repealed Sec. 12-129i, effective June 3, 1999.

Sec. 12-129p. Maximum benefits for homeowner receiving tax relief under section 12-129b. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 12-129b to 12-129d, inclusive, if the amount of tax benefit calculated in accordance with said sections and provided thereunder for any homeowner qualified for the program of tax relief under said sections is equivalent to two thousand dollars or more in the assessment year commencing October 1, 1985, such benefit shall not, in any subsequent assessment year exceed the amount of such benefit to which such homeowner was entitled for said assessment year commencing October 1, 1985, and additionally, if the amount of such tax benefit for any homeowner so qualified is less than two thousand dollars in the assessment year commencing October 1, 1985, the amount of such homeowner’s benefit shall not, in any subsequent assessment year, exceed two thousand dollars.

(b) In any municipality which, as of July 6, 1987, has deferred any part of the amount of increased assessed value of real property pursuant to subsection (e) of section 12-62a of the general statutes, revision of 1958, revised to 2005, the maximum benefit to which any homeowner shall be entitled pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall be the amount to which such homeowner is entitled pursuant to sections 12-129b to 12-129d, inclusive, in the first assessment year in which no deferral of assessed value occurs, and no maximum benefit shall be imposed in any year prior to such first assessment year in which no deferral occurs.

(P.A. 85-612, S. 2, 6; P.A. 87-586, S. 9, 12; P.A. 99-89, S. 7, 10; P.A. 06-148, S. 9.)

History: P.A. 85-612 effective July 12, 1985, and applicable in any municipality to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1985, and thereafter; P.A. 87-586 increased the maximum tax benefit allowable under the program in Sec. 12-129b so that any homeowner whose tax relief benefit in the assessment year commencing October 1, 1985, was equivalent to $2,000 or more would not in any subsequent year be entitled to any more in benefit and any homeowner whose benefit in said assessment year was less than $2,000 would not in any subsequent year be entitled to any more than $2,000, and added Subsec. (b) providing that the maximum provisions in Subsec. (a) would not be applicable in a municipality in which increased assessed values from revaluation are being added through a phase-in program under Sec. 12-62a and the maximum benefit would be the amount to which any homeowner is entitled in the first year in which there is no deferral of assessment increase, effective July 6, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1986, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 99-89 made technical changes, effective June 3, 1999; P.A. 06-148 amended Subsec. (b) by adding “of the general statutes, revision of 1958, revised to 2005” after “subsection (e) of section 12-62a”, effective June 6, 2006.

Sec. 12-129q. Grants to property owners in special services districts. (a) In each tax year any municipality may, by vote of its legislative body, provide a grant to residential property owners in special service districts who are not delinquent in payment of taxes due on such property.

(b) As used in this section, “residential property” means a single parcel of property used for residential purposes and includes a single-family residence and a multiple-dwelling structure containing not more than three units, used by occupants as a place of permanent residence where one of the occupants is the owner.

(P.A. 00-229, S. 5, 7.)

History: P.A. 00-229 effective June 1, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1998.

Sec. 12-129r. Municipal option to abate taxes on open space in exchange for transfer of development rights to municipality. (a) As used in this section:

(1) “Municipality” means any city, town, borough, district or association with municipal powers; and

(2) “Open space land” means any area of land, including forest land, the preservation or restriction of the use of which would (A) maintain and enhance the conservation of natural or scenic resources, (B) protect natural streams or water supply, (C) promote conservation of soils, wetlands, beaches or tidal marshes, (D) enhance the value to the public of abutting or neighboring parks, forests, wildlife preserves, nature reservations or sanctuaries or other open spaces, (E) preserve historic sites, or (F) promote orderly urban or suburban development.

(b) Any municipality may, by ordinance adopted by its legislative body, establish a program under which property taxes may be abated in exchange for the transfer to the municipality of development rights, conservation easements, rights-of-way or any combination thereof, to open space land. Such ordinance shall include, but not be limited to, provisions for requirements for application for the abatement, which shall include a certified appraisal of the property proposed for abatement both with and without development rights.

(c) The abatement may not exceed the market value of the open space land, may be transferable to any other taxable property in the municipality owned by the applicant and may exist for a period of time to be determined by the legislative body of the municipality.

(P.A. 06-128, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 06-128 effective October 1, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date.

Sec. 12-129s. Municipal option to abate taxes on high mileage motor vehicles and hybrid passenger cars. Any municipality may, by vote of its legislative body or, in a municipality where the legislative body is a town meeting, by vote of the board of selectmen, provide a property tax exemption with respect to motor vehicles that are exempt from sales and use taxes under subdivision (110) or (115) of section 12-412.

(P.A. 07-242, S. 19.)

History: P.A. 07-242 effective January 1, 2008.

Sec. 12-129t. Municipal option to abate taxes on visitable housing. As used in this section, “visitable housing” means one-to-four family residential construction that includes three basic architectural features to allow persons with disabilities to easily visit: (1) Interior doorways that provide a minimum thirty-two inch wide unobstructed opening, (2) an accessible means of egress to a home, as defined in Appendix A to 28 CFR Part 36, and (3) a full or half bathroom on the first floor that is compliant with the provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended, 42 USC 12101. Any municipality may, by ordinance adopted by its legislative body, provide property tax abatements to developers of visitable housing.

(P.A. 10-56, S. 3.)

History: P.A. 10-56 effective October 1, 2010, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date.

Sec. 12-130. Collectors; rate bills and warrants. Statements of state aid. (a) When any community, authorized to raise money by taxation, lays a tax, it shall appoint a collector thereof; and the selectmen of towns, and the committees of other communities, except as otherwise specially provided by law, shall make out and sign rate bills containing the proportion which each individual is to pay according to the assessment list; and any judge of the Superior Court or any justice of the peace, on their application or that of their successors in office, shall issue a warrant for the collection of any sums due on such rate bills. Each collector shall mail or hand to each individual from whom taxes are due a bill for the amount of taxes for which such individual is liable and shall attach thereto a statement of the year and amount of all back taxes for which such individual is liable. In addition, the collector shall include with such bill, using one of the following methods (1) attachment, (2) enclosure, or (3) printed matter upon the face of the bill, a statement of state aid to municipalities which shall be in the following form:

The (fiscal year) budget for the (city or town) estimates that .... Dollars will be received from the state of Connecticut for various state financed programs. Without this assistance your (fiscal year) property tax would be (herein insert the amount computed in accordance with subsection (b) of this section) mills.

Failure to send out any such bill or statement shall not invalidate the tax. For purposes of this subsection, “mail” includes to send by electronic mail, provided an individual from whom taxes are due consents in writing to receive a bill and statement electronically. Prior to sending any such bill or statement by electronic mail, a community shall provide the public with the appropriate electronic mail address of the community on the community’s Internet web site and shall establish procedures to ensure that any individual who consents to receive a bill or statement electronically (1) receives such bill or statement, and (2) is provided the proper return electronic mail address of the community sending the bill or statement.

(b) The mill rate to be inserted in the statement of state aid to municipalities required by subsection (a) shall be computed on the total estimated revenues required to fund the estimated expenditures of the municipality exclusive of assistance received or anticipated from the state.

(1949 Rev., S. 1813; 1961, P.A. 517, S. 10; 1963, P.A. 471, S. 1; P.A. 74-183, S. 190, 291; P.A. 76-436, S. 166, 681; P.A. 77-452, S. 3, 72; P.A. 78-249, S. 2, 4; P.A. 85-467, S. 1, 2; P.A. 11-185, S. 1.)

History: 1961 act authorized circuit court judges rather than justices of the peace to issue warrants; 1963 act revested authority to issue warrants in justices of the peace; P.A. 74-183 substituted court of common pleas for circuit court; P.A. 76-436 substituted superior court for court of common pleas and deleted reference to justices of the peace, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-452 reinstated reference to justices of the peace; P.A. 78-249 added requirement that tax bill include statement of state aid to municipalities and included form of statement and added Subsec. (b) re computation of mill rate which would exist without state aid; P.A. 85-467 amended the requirement in Subsec. (a), concerning the statement of state aid to be attached to each property tax bill, so that such statement may be attached to, enclosed with or printed upon the face of the bill; P.A. 11-185 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re sending rate bills by electronic mail, effective October 1, 2011, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date.

See Sec. 9-185 re election or appointment of tax collectors.

Selectmen liable for making out rate bill on illegal and void assessment and causing warrant to be issued thereon. 7 C. 550, see also 47 C. 485. Action for money had and received, when appropriate remedy. 10 C. 127. Warrant unaccompanied by a duly signed rate bill a dead letter. Id., 147; 30 C. 395. Justice signing a warrant based on rate bill valid on its face not liable though tax illegally imposed. 11 C. 472. Rate bill and warrant need not specify list on which tax laid if appearing in the vote to which they refer. 15 C. 454. Tax legally laid and assessed but collected by invalid proceedings not recoverable of town. 30 C. 394. Land sold on void tax warrant based on valid assessment not decreed to be reconveyed without indemnifying purchaser. Id., 404. Owner of bank stock sold for illegal tax, who buys the same knowing the facts, cannot recover of the town. 32 C. 546.

Subsec. (a):

Cited. 26 CA 545.

Sec. 12-130a. Training, examination and certification of municipal tax collectors. (a) There shall be established a committee for the purpose of developing and maintaining a program and procedures for the training, examination and certification of tax collection personnel, appointed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and consisting of seven members, six of whom shall be voting members who shall serve without pay and shall be appointed initially as follows: Two members for two-year terms; two members for four-year terms; and two members for six-year terms. At least one member shall be from a municipality with a population of more than fifty thousand, and at least one member shall be from a municipality with a population under ten thousand. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall thereafter appoint two members every two years for six-year terms. The seventh member shall be an employee of the Office of Policy and Management who shall serve as a nonvoting member of the committee. The six voting members of the committee shall have demonstrated competence in tax collection practices in Connecticut. Said committee shall elect its own chairman and recommend standards to said secretary for the training, fees and examination of tax collection personnel, including standards for the certification and recertification of tax collectors. Such recommended standards may include requirements for any type of training or experience, or combination thereof, the committee deems appropriate. The secretary shall review the recommended standards and shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, implementing any of such standards the secretary approves.

(b) Any person may participate in training courses on tax collection practices prescribed by said committee and upon completing such training courses and successfully completing any examination prescribed by said committee, shall be recommended to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management as a candidate for certification as a certified Connecticut municipal collector. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall certify any qualified candidate recommended by said committee as a certified Connecticut municipal collector and may revoke, suspend or deny such certification or recertification for sufficient cause as said secretary may determine. Said secretary may certify a candidate who has not completed such training courses provided such candidate has experience in tax collection practices in Connecticut to such extent, as determined by said secretary, to make it unnecessary to complete such training courses, and provided further such candidate shall be required to successfully complete any examination prescribed by said committee. Such certification shall be valid for five years from the date of issuance or until regulations are adopted pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, whichever is later.

(P.A. 79-455, S. 1, 2; 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 88-63; P.A. 96-30, S. 1, 2; P.A. 99-100, S. 1, 2; P.A. 06-88, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 88-63 made technical changes and substituted 50,000 population for 100,000 population as basis for member’s qualification in Subsec. (a); P.A. 96-30 amended Subsec. (a) by adding an employee of the Office of Policy and Management to the committee as a nonvoting member, effective May 2, 1996; P.A. 99-100 amended Subsec. (a) to include standards for certification and recertification of tax collectors and amended Subsec. (b) to make certification valid for five years, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 06-88 amended Subsec. (a) to remove committee from within the Office of Policy and Management, delete requirement that seventh member be knowledgeable re property tax collection practices, require committee to recommend standards for tax collector certification and transfer authority to adopt regulations from committee to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, and amended Subsec. (b) to expand duties of said secretary re tax collectors to include revocation, suspension or denial of certification or recertification and insert provision re adoption of regulations pursuant to Subsec. (a), effective July 1, 2006.

Sec. 12-131. Special forms for assessment lists, abstract books and rate bills. The term “rate maker” means the person or board authorized to prepare rate bills for any municipality. The board of assessors of any municipality, upon written request by its property tax collector, may prepare tentative forms of individual assessment lists and of abstract books separating personal property from real estate and, in such case, shall prepare tentative rules and regulations for the use of such forms in such municipality. Such tentative forms, rules and regulations shall be submitted to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. If he approves, they shall be used as of the assessment date next succeeding such approval. The rate maker in each such municipality shall prepare tentative forms of rate bills to correspond to such separation on the individual assessment lists and abstract book and shall submit such tentative forms of rate bills to said secretary. If said secretary approves, such forms of rate bills shall be used in such municipality. Said secretary may, at any time, rescind his approval of any form, rule or regulation provided for by this section. In such event, if it is necessary, the rate maker shall prepare a new form, rule or regulation and submit the same to said secretary. Each municipality for which a special form of individual assessment list or of abstract book or both have been approved in accordance with the provisions of this section shall be exempt from the provisions of section 12-27 relating to such forms.

(1949 Rev., S. 1814; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47.)

History: P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980.

Sec. 12-132. Form and tax warrant. Warrants for the collection of taxes may be in the following form:

To A.B., collector of taxes of the (here insert the name of community laying the tax), in the county of ...., greeting: By authority of the state of Connecticut, you are hereby commanded forthwith to collect of each person named in the annexed list his proportion of the same, as therein stated, being a tax laid by (name of community), on the .... day of ...., A.D. 20.... And you are to pay the amount of said tax, less abatements, and less taxes the lien for which has been continued by certificate to the treasurer of said (name of the community), on or before the .... day of ...., A.D. 20.... And if any person fails to pay his proportion of said tax, upon demand, you are to levy upon his goods and chattels, and dispose of the same as the law directs; and after satisfying said tax and the lawful charges, return the surplus, if any, to him; and if such goods and chattels do not come to your knowledge, you are to levy upon his real estate, and sell enough thereof to pay his tax and the costs of levy, and give to the purchaser a deed thereof.

Dated at .... this .... day of ...., A.D. 20...

A.B.,

Judge of the Superior Court.

Justice of the peace.

(1949 Rev., S. 1815; 1961, P.A. 517, S. 11; 1963, P.A. 471, S. 2; 1971, P.A. 11, S. 1; P.A. 74-183, S. 191, 291; P.A. 76-436, S. 167, 681.)

History: 1961 act provided that a judge of the circuit court rather than a justice of the peace shall sign the warrant; 1963 act revested authority in justices of the peace; 1971 act deleted provision allowing imprisonment of tax offender; P.A. 74-183 substituted court of common pleas for circuit court; P.A. 76-436 substituted superior court for court of common pleas, effective July 1, 1978; (Revisor’s note: In 2001 the references in this section to the date “19..” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “20..” to reflect the new millennium).

The form given need not be strictly pursued. 50 C. 81. Is in the nature of a final execution. 103 C. 260. Cited. 106 C. 230.

Sec. 12-133. Taxes of subdivisions of towns. School district, fire district and highway taxes or taxes of any other subdivision of any town shall be laid either on the assessment list of the town last before completed or on the assessment list next thereafter to be completed, provided, if the list next thereafter to be completed is used, such taxes shall not become due and payable until such list has been completed. Each such tax shall be payable within one year after it has been laid.

(1949 Rev., S. 1816.)

Tax laid in 1850 on assessment list of 1849 held valid. 21 C. 65. Cited. 122 C. 402.

Sec. 12-134. Tax account and receipt to bear same number. Each town clerk or rate maker shall assign a number to each tax account, and the collector shall issue a tax receipt containing the same number for such account.

(1949 Rev., S. 1817.)

See Sec. 12-150 re penalty for violation of provisions of this section.

Sec. 12-135. Execution of tax warrant. Collection by successor or by executor or administrator of deceased collector. (a) Any collector of taxes, and any state marshal or constable authorized by such collector, shall, during their respective terms of office, have authority to collect any taxes and any water or sanitation charges due the municipality served by such collector for which a proper warrant and a proper alias tax warrant, in the case of the deputized officer, have been issued. Such alias tax warrant may be executed by any officer above named in any part of the state, and the collector in person may demand and collect taxes or water or sanitation charges in any part of the state on a proper warrant. Any such state marshal or constable so authorized who executes such an alias tax warrant outside of such state marshal’s or constable’s precinct shall be entitled to collect from the person owing the tax or the water or sanitation charges the fees allowed by law, except that the minimum total fees shall be five dollars and the maximum total fees shall be fifteen dollars for each alias tax warrant so executed. For the purposes of this subsection, “water or sanitation charges” means (1) any rates or charges established pursuant to section 7-239, or (2) any charges imposed by a municipality for the collection and disposal of garbage, trash, rubbish, waste material and ashes.

(b) Upon the expiration of the collector’s term of office, such collector shall deliver to his or her immediate successor in office the rate bills not fully collected and such successor shall have authority to collect the taxes due thereon. Any person who fails to deliver such rate bills to such person’s immediate successor within ten days from the qualification of such successor shall be fined not more than two hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months, or both.

(c) When any collector, after having settled his or her rate bill with the proper officers, dies before completing the collection of the tax, such collector’s executor or administrator may, within six years after his or her decease, recover the amount uncollected from those liable to pay the same, with interest thereon.

(1949 Rev., S. 1818; P.A. 00-99, S. 40, 154; P.A. 01-195, S. 16, 181; P.A. 07-95, S. 2.)

History: P.A. 00-99 replaced references to sheriff and deputy sheriff with state marshal in Subsec. (a), effective December 1, 2000; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsec. (a) for the purposes of gender neutrality, effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 07-95 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re collection of water or sanitation charges, designated provisions of Subsec. (a) re delivery of rate bills to successor as new Subsec. (b), redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c) and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2007.

See Sec. 12-162 re alias tax warrants.

Collector paid by salary is bound to deliver over his rate bill to his successor, though the latter had not given bond. 47 C. 340.

Sec. 12-136. Bonds of tax collectors. Appointment of new collector. The collector of taxes of each town, city or borough shall, before the commitment to him of any warrant for the collection of taxes, give a bond, to run for the term of his office, for the faithful discharge of his duties in such sum as is fixed by the selectmen of each town not consolidated with a city or borough, the mayor and aldermen of each city or the warden and burgesses of each borough. Each other collector of taxes shall, before the commitment to him of any warrant for the collection of taxes, give to the municipal district of which he is such collector a bond, with surety, to the acceptance of the committee or other authority signing the rate bill, to run for the term of his office, for the faithful discharge of his duties. The bond of each town tax collector shall be procured from a surety company of good standing approved by the selectmen, and the premium on such bond shall be paid by the town treasurer upon order of the selectmen. If any collector refuses to receive the rate bill or give the bond required by law or to collect and pay the tax within the time limited and delivers up his rate bill, the selectmen or committee of the community may depute some person to collect the sums due on such rate bill, who shall give bond as prescribed in this section.

(1949 Rev., S. 1819; 1957, P.A. 304; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 93-434, S. 10, 20.)

History: P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 93-434 deleted requirement that the bond be in a form approved by the secretary of the office of policy and management, effective June 30, 1993.

Sureties liable for money received by the collector though there were no legal assessments or tax warrants. 47 C. 77. Collector cannot, on suit for money collected, set off claim for salary for other years. 51 C. 171.

Where newly-elected tax collector was unable to furnish bond and resigned, selectmen could deputize collector under section as the bond of the previous holder of office of tax collector had expired. 22 CS 129.

Sec. 12-137. Appointment of acting tax collectors. When the tax collector of any town, city, borough, fire district or other municipality, by reason of illness or disability, becomes unable to discharge the duties of his office, the selectmen of the town, or a majority of them, or the governing body of any such municipality, may, by a writing signed by them or by the authorized officer of the governing body, as the case may be, appoint some suitable person as acting tax collector, who, upon being sworn and giving a bond satisfactory to the selectmen or such governing body, may thereupon exercise all the duties and perform all the functions of such tax collector until such time as such tax collector is found by such selectmen or such governing body to have become able to discharge the duties of his office or until his successor is elected and has qualified.

(1949 Rev., S. 1820.)

Cited. 22 CS 127; 41 CS 267.

Sec. 12-138. Collector to report to town clerk mistakes in assessment. The collector of town taxes in each town shall report to the town clerk all property liable to assessment therein which is not assessed, or is assessed to wrong parties, as soon as such fact comes to his knowledge, and the town clerk shall make a proper memorandum thereof, to be kept in his office for the use of the board of assessors of such town.

(1949 Rev., S. 1821.)

Sec. 12-139. Collector’s books open to public inspection. The tax books of any collector of any municipality or municipal district shall be, at all reasonable times, open to the inspection of any taxpayer and of any auditor of public accounts of such municipality or district. Any collector, who, after request, refuses to exhibit his tax books as aforesaid, shall forfeit the sum of one hundred dollars to such municipality or district, and such penalty may be recovered by an action on such collector’s official bond.

(1949 Rev., S. 1822.)

Sec. 12-140. Fees of tax collectors. The fee of collectors for issuing an alias tax warrant shall be six dollars. The fees of collectors upon a levy and sale shall be as follows: For each levy on real or personal property, twenty cents; for each notice posted, filed, published or sent by mail, as required by law, twenty-five cents; for each mile of travel from the residence of the collector to the farthest point where he is by law required to take a notice, or to go to levy upon personal property, and thence back to his residence once, twenty cents; for each sale of real or personal property, four dollars; for each deed or bill of sale, two dollars. All other reasonable and necessary costs or expenses for necessary advertising, postage on notices, and reasonable sums paid town clerks or other persons for examining records to ascertain encumbrances upon property sold, for preparing notices at the direction of the tax collector, for drafting collector’s deeds, for attorney’s fees, for all costs incurred by the municipality in defending any civil action brought as a result of a tax sale or an alias tax warrant or which seeks to enjoin or declare unlawful any tax sale or alias tax warrant, for the services of auctioneers, clerks and other persons retained to assist the collector in conducting the tax sale and for any other fees and expenses incurred, shall be added to the above fees. All fees and additions provided for by this section shall be paid by the delinquent taxpayer or as provided in section 12-157.

(1949 Rev., S. 3629; 1971, P.A. 301; P.A. 95-228, S. 1, 15.)

History: 1971 act increased collectors fee from $2 to $6; P.A. 95-228 added to the amount of fees expenses for postage, notices, the drafting of deeds, attorneys, defense costs and auctioneers, effective July 6, 1995, and applicable to tax sale notices posted, filed or published on and after said date.

Sec. 12-141. Collection of taxes; definitions. “Municipality”, wherever used in sections 12-142 to 12-150, inclusive, includes each town, consolidated town and city, consolidated town and borough, city, borough, school district, fire district, fire and sewer district, sewer district, lighting district and improvement association and each municipal organization and taxing district not previously mentioned. Except as otherwise indicated in the context, “tax”, wherever used in said sections, includes each property tax and each installment and part thereof due to a municipality.

(1949 Rev., S. 1823.)

Sec. 12-141a. Payment of municipal taxes by credit card. Any municipality may allow the payment of taxes, penalties, interest and fees by means of a credit card and may charge the taxpayer a service fee for any such payment made by credit card. The fee shall not exceed any charge by the credit card issuer, including any discount rate. Payments by credit card shall be made at such times and under such conditions as the municipality may prescribe. The debt incurred through the payment of taxes by means of a credit card shall not be considered a tax collectible pursuant to the provisions of section 12-172.

(P.A. 93-25, S. 2, 3.)

History: P.A. 93-25 effective July 1, 1993.

Sec. 12-142. Installments; due date. The legislative body of each municipality, upon approving any budget calling for the laying of a tax on property, shall determine whether such tax shall be due and payable in a single installment or in two semiannual installments or in four quarterly installments and shall, unless otherwise provided by law, designate the date or dates on which such installment or installments shall be due and payable, subject to the provisions of section 7-383, in any municipality in compliance with requirements concerning the uniform fiscal year under chapter 110; provided the last installment of any such tax shall be due and payable not later than forty-five days before the end of the fiscal year in which the first installment thereof is due and payable, and provided any special tax shall be due and payable in a single installment. In case of failure of the legislative body to determine when such tax shall be due and payable or whenever the date on which such tax shall be due and payable has been determined, however, (1) the preparation and mailing of rate bills for such tax is delayed until after the date such tax is due or (2) such tax is not applicable to certain property until after the date such tax is due, such tax shall be due and payable, with respect to all property or property which becomes subject to tax after the date such tax is due, whichever is applicable, not later than thirty days following the date on which rate bills for such tax are mailed or handed to persons liable therefor. Except as otherwise provided by law, the several installments of a tax due in two or four installments shall be equal, but any taxpayer may pay two or more of such installments when the first is due.

(1949 Rev., S. 1824; P.A. 83-579, S. 2, 3.)

History: P.A. 83-579 provided that in the event the legislative body fails to determine when the tax is due, or, if determined and mailing of rate bills is delayed until after the tax due date or such tax is not applicable to certain property until after the tax due date, such tax shall be due not later than 30 days following the date on which rate bills are mailed.

See Sec. 7-383 re due date of tax levy.

See 12-63a(d) re payment of taxes on mobile homes.

This date determines beginning of year during which collector may continue by certificate the lien of taxes on real property. 101 C. 389.

Sec. 12-143. Installment payments; priority of personal property taxes. Any partial payment or installment of taxes upon any assessment list containing both real and personal property shall be first applied to pay the personal property tax unless the person making the payment, in writing, otherwise directs.

(1949 Rev., S. 1825.)

Sec. 12-144. Payment of taxes of not more than one hundred dollars. Any property tax due in any municipality of this state in an amount not in excess of one hundred dollars shall be due and payable in a single payment when so determined by the appropriating body of such municipality.

(1949 Rev., S. 1826; 1959, P.A. 157, S. 1; P.A. 81-9, S. 1, 2.)

History: 1959 act raised amount to be paid in single payment from $20 to $50; P.A. 81-9 provided that tax of $100 or less be paid in single payment when approved by the municipality, where single payment previously required for tax of $50 or less, effective March 31, 1981, and applicable in any municipality to assessment year commencing October 1, 1980, and each assessment year thereafter.

Sec. 12-144a. Payment of tax on motor vehicles. Irrespective of the provisions of sections 12-142 and 12-144, the appropriating body of each municipality, upon approving any budget calling for the laying of a tax on property, shall determine whether such tax as it applies to motor vehicles shall be due and payable in a single installment.

(February, 1965, P.A. 43, S. 1; P.A. 76-338, S. 3, 8; P.A. 77-343, S. 2, 5; P.A. 79-595, S. 2, 3.)

History: P.A. 76-338 required tax on motor vehicles to be paid in single installment whereas previously decision was to be made by municipality’s appropriating body; P.A. 77-343 returned decision re installments to appropriating body except that tax levied on motor vehicles in accordance with Sec. 12-71b to be due in single installment, effective June 6, 1977, and applicable to any motor vehicle on assessment list of any town as of October 1, 1976, and any motor vehicle registered or in use in this state thereafter; P.A. 79-595 deleted proviso re taxes in accordance with Sec. 12-71b, effective January 1, 1980, and applicable to assessment year commencing October 1, 1980, and each assessment year thereafter and to any tax due under Sec. 12-71b on January 1, 1980.

Sec. 12-144b. Tax payment applicable to oldest obligation on specific property. Each tax payment made to a municipality for taxes due on any specific property shall be applied by the municipality toward payment of the oldest outstanding tax levied on such property with the interest thereon; provided, if there is litigation pending between the municipality and the party liable for the oldest outstanding tax on such property concerning such oldest outstanding tax, such tax payment shall only be applied to the oldest outstanding tax on such property which is not involved in such litigation, provided this section shall not apply to tax payments tendered by third parties pursuant to contract or by operation of law.

(1969, P.A. 98; 1971, P.A. 687.)

History: 1971 act deleted phrases “obligation of the party liable for the tax” and “obligations of said party” and inserted references to taxes and oldest outstanding taxes on specific properties but excepted from provisions “tax payments rendered by third parties pursuant to contract or by obligation of law”.

Sec. 12-144c. Optional waiver of property tax under twenty-five dollars. Any municipality may waive any property tax due in an amount less than twenty-five dollars by action of its legislative body before the date such tax is due.

(P.A. 75-489, S. 1, 2; P.A. 01-178, S. 1, 2.)

History: P.A. 01-178 increased the amount of property tax that may be waived from $5 to $25 and added provision re waiver before the date the tax is due, effective October 1, 2001, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after said date.

Sec. 12-144d. Motor vehicle property tax due July first. Section 12-144d is repealed.

(P.A. 76-338, S. 5, 8; P.A. 77-343, S. 4, 5.)

Sec. 12-145. Notice to pay taxes. Rate of interest when delinquent. Waiver. The tax collector of each municipality shall, at least five days next preceding the time when each tax becomes due and payable, give notice of the time and place at which the tax collector will receive such tax by advertising in a newspaper published in such municipality or, if no newspaper is published in such municipality, by advertising in any newspaper of the state having a general circulation in such municipality and by posting such notice on a signpost therein, if any, otherwise on a signpost in the town within which such municipality is situated, if any, or at some other exterior place near the office of the town clerk. The tax collector shall repeat such advertising within one week after such tax has become due and payable and, again, at least five days before such tax becomes delinquent. Each such notice shall give each date on which such tax shall become due and payable and each date on which such tax shall become delinquent, and shall state that, as soon as such tax becomes delinquent, it shall be subject to interest at the rate of one and one-half per cent of such tax for each month or fraction thereof which elapses from the time when such tax becomes due and payable until the same is paid. The tax collector of a municipality may waive the interest on delinquent property taxes if the tax collector and the assessor, jointly, determine that the delinquency is attributable to an error by the tax assessor or tax collector and is not the result of any action or failure on the part of the taxpayer. The tax collector shall notify the taxing authority of the municipality of all waivers granted pursuant to this section.

(1949 Rev., S. 1827; 1969, P.A. 54, S. 1; P.A. 75-296, S. 2, 3; P.A. 80-468, S. 1, 3; P.A. 81-44, S. 1, 3; P.A. 82-141, S. 1, 4; P.A. 84-146, S. 8; P.A. 99-151, S. 1, 3.)

History: 1969 act raised interest rate from 0.5% to 0.75%; P.A. 75-296 raised interest rate to 1%; P.A. 80-468 established three levels of interest rate: 1% for maximum liability of $3,000, 1.25% for liability over $3,000 and 1.5% for liability over $3,000 remaining unpaid on second anniversary of assessment list for which tax was levied; P.A. 81-44 established interest on delinquent taxes at 1.25% per month for taxes due on or after July 1, 1981, where previously differential rates applied depending on amount owed; P.A. 82-141 increased rate of interest from 1.25% to 1.5% per month applicable to interest payable on or after July 1, 1982; P.A. 84-146 included a reference to posting of notice on a place other than a signpost; P.A. 99-151 made a technical change, allowed tax collector to waive the interest on delinquent tax in cases of error by tax collector or assessor and required notification of the taxing authority of the waivers granted, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to interest due on or after said date.

Rate of interest on action for debt not applicable to tax. 4 CS 391.

Sec. 12-146. Tax, when delinquent. Interest. Waiver of interest, when. Unless the context otherwise requires, wherever used in this section, “tax” includes each property tax and each installment and part thereof due to a municipality as it may have been increased by interest, fees and charges. If any tax due in a single installment or if any installment of any tax due in two or more installments is not paid in full (1) on or before the first day of the month next succeeding the month in which it became due and payable, or if not due and payable on the first day of the month, (2) on or before the same date of the next succeeding month corresponding to that of the month on which it became due and payable, the whole or such part of such installment as is unpaid shall thereupon be delinquent and shall be subject to interest from the due date of such delinquent installment. Except for unpaid real estate taxes the collection of which was, or is, deferred under the provisions of section 12-174, and any predecessor and successor thereto, which unpaid real estate taxes continue to be subject to the provisions of such deferred collection statutes, the delinquent portion of the principal of any tax shall be subject to interest at the rate of eighteen per cent per annum from the time when it became due and payable until the same is paid, subject to a minimum interest charge of two dollars which any municipality, by vote of its legislative body, may elect not to impose, and provided, in any computation of such interest, under any provision of this section, each fractional part of a month in which any portion of the principal of such tax remains unpaid shall be considered to be equivalent to a whole month. Each addition of interest shall become, and shall be collectible as, a part of such tax. Interest shall accrue at said rate until payment of such taxes due notwithstanding the entry of any judgment in favor of the municipality against the taxpayer or the property of the taxpayer. Except as hereinafter specified for taxes representing two or more items of property, the collector shall not receive any partial payment of a delinquent tax which is less than the total accrued interest on the principal of such tax up to the date of payment and shall apply each partial payment to the wiping out of such interest before making any application thereof to the reduction of such principal; provided, whenever the first partial payment is made after delinquency, interest from the due date of such delinquent tax to the date of such partial payment shall be figured on the whole or such part of the principal of such tax as is unpaid at the beginning of delinquency and provided, whenever a subsequent partial payment of such tax is made, interest shall be figured from the date of payment of the last-preceding, to the date of payment of such subsequent, partial payment on the whole or such balance of the principal of such tax as remains unpaid on the date of the last-preceding partial payment. If any tax, at the time of assessment or because of a subsequent division, represents two or more items of property, the collector may receive payment in full of such part of the principal and interest of such tax as represents one or more of such items, even though interest in full on the entire amount of the principal of such tax has not been received up to the date of such payment; in which event, interest on the remaining portion of the principal of any such tax shall be computed, as the case may be, from the due date of such tax if no other payment after delinquency has been made or from the last date of payment of interest in full on the whole amount or unpaid balance of the principal of such delinquent tax if previous payment of interest has been made. Each collector shall keep a separate account of such interest and the time when the same has been received and shall pay over the same to the treasurer of the municipality of the collector as a part of such tax. No tax or installment thereof shall be construed to be delinquent under the provisions of this section if the envelope containing the amount due as such tax or installment, as received by the tax collector of the municipality to which such tax is payable, bears a postmark showing a date within the time allowed by statute for the payment of such tax or installment. Any municipality may, by vote of its legislative body, require that any delinquent property taxes applicable with respect to a motor vehicle shall be paid only in cash or by certified check or money order. Any municipality adopting such requirement may provide that such requirement shall only be applicable to delinquency exceeding a certain period in duration as determined by such municipality. Any municipality shall waive all or a portion of the interest due and payable under this section on a delinquent tax with respect to a taxpayer who has received compensation under chapter 968 as a crime victim.

(1949 Rev., S. 1828; 1969, P.A. 54, S. 2; P.A. 73-494, S. 1, 2; 73-508; P.A. 74-247, S. 1, 2; P.A. 75-296, S. 1, 3; P.A. 80-468, S. 2, 3; P.A. 81-44, S. 2, 3; P.A. 82-141, S. 2, 4; P.A. 83-361, S. 1, 3; P.A. 84-257, S. 1, 2; 84-282, S. 3; P.A. 85-286, S. 1, 2; P.A. 99-128, S. 2; P.A. 00-200, S. 2; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 58; P.A. 04-126, S. 1.)

History: 1969 act increased interest rate from 6% to 9%; P.A. 73-494 set minimum interest charge of $2: P.A. 73-508 deleted “tax or” in phrase “tax or installment” and deleted provision that installments following first delinquent installment be considered delinquent and due as of date of first delinquent installment, thus each becomes delinquent if not paid on its own due date; P.A. 74-247 made imposition of $2 minimum interest charge dependent on vote of municipality’s legislative body; P.A. 75-296 changed interest rate from 9% to 12%; P.A. 80-468 established three levels of interest: 12% for maximum liability of $3,000, 15% for liability over $3,000 and 18% for liability over $3,000 remaining unpaid on second anniversary of assessment list for which tax was levied; P.A. 81-44 established interest on delinquent taxes at 15% per annum for taxes due on or after July 1, 1981, replacing differential rates based on amount owed; P.A. 82-141 increased rate of interest from 15% to 18% per annum applicable to interest payable on or after July 1, 1982; P.A. 83-361 provided for (1) clarification that any fractional part of a calendar month is equivalent to a whole month in computing interest applicable to delinquent taxes and (2) deletion of provision allowing partial payments within 31 days to be considered as paid in the calendar month within such period, effective July 1, 1983, and applicable to any determination of interest on delinquent taxes on or after said date; P.A. 84-257 allowed municipalities to require that delinquent motor vehicle property taxes be paid only in cash or by certified check or money order; P.A. 84-282 added provision that interest shall accrue until payment of taxes due notwithstanding the entry of any judgment in favor of municipality against the taxpayer or his property; P.A. 85-286 added Subdiv. (1) for purposes of clarification as to when a tax due and payable on the first day of a month becomes delinquent, effective June 4, 1985, and applicable to the assessment year in any municipality commencing October 1, 1985, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 99-128 added provision permitting municipality to waive all or portion of interest due on delinquent tax of taxpayer who has received compensation as a crime victim; P.A. 00-200 made technical changes, deleted provision allowing municipality, by vote of its legislative body, to waive delinquent interest for taxpayer who was a crime victim or the family of a deceased victim and added provision making such waiver mandatory; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 added provision authorizing municipality to require a delinquent taxpayer pay a fee of $5, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-126 deleted provision re fee to be paid if town had reported delinquency to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, effective July 1, 2004.

See Sec. 1-2a re construing of references to “United States mail” or “postmark” to include references to any delivery service designated by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to Section 7502 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 or any successor to the code, as amended, and to any date recorded or marked as described in said Section 7502 by a designated delivery service and construing of “registered or certified mail” to include any equivalent designated by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to said Section 7502.

Taxes carry interest only by statute. 67 C. 162. Appeal does not suspend running of interest. 72 C. 599. Cited. 123 C. 548.

Rate of interest under section is compensatory and not punitive. 45 CS 283.

Sec. 12-146a. Revocation of municipal and district health department permits for failure to pay personal property taxes. Any municipality, as defined in subsection (a) of section 12-41, or any district health department, formed under chapter 368f, may withhold or revoke any license or permit, issued by such municipality or district health department, to operate a business enterprise if any taxes levied by such municipality or, in the case of a district department of health, by any constituent municipality of such district, against personal property used in such business enterprise are delinquent and have been so delinquent for a period of not less than one year.

(1971, P.A. 354.)

Sec. 12-146b. Withholding of municipal payments for failure to pay property taxes. Any municipality, as defined in subsection (a) of section 12-41, may withhold any payment, or portion thereof, due to any business enterprise pursuant to any contract entered into on or after October 1, 1991, if any taxes levied by such municipality against any property owned by such business enterprise are delinquent and have been so delinquent for a period of not less than one year, provided no such amount withheld shall exceed the amount of tax, plus penalty and interest, outstanding at the time of withholding.

(P.A. 91-330.)

Sec. 12-146c. Payments by residents in the armed forces called to active service for military action in Iraq or Afghanistan. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 12-146, a municipality shall not charge or collect interest for a period of one year on any property tax or any installment or part thereof that is payable by any resident of the state who is a member of the armed forces of the United States or of any state or of any reserve component thereof who has been called to active service in the armed forces of the United States for military operations that are authorized by the President of the United States that entail military action in Iraq or Afghanistan and who is serving outside the United States on the final day that payment of such property tax or installment or part thereof is due.

(June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 42; P.A. 11-62, S. 2.)

History: June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 effective August 20, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2002; P.A. 11-62 replaced “against Iraq” with “in Iraq or Afghanistan” and replaced “in the Middle East” with “outside the United States”, effective October 1, 2011, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date.

Sec. 12-146d. Payments by residents who are spouses domiciled with members of the armed forces called to active service for military action in Iraq. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 12-146, any municipality may, by ordinance, provide that no interest shall be charged or collected for a period of one year on any property tax or any installment or part thereof that is payable by any resident of the state for real property assessed on the 2003 grand list, provided such resident is domiciled with and the spouse of a member of the armed forces of the United States or of any state or of any reserve component thereof who has been called to active service in the armed forces of the United States for military operations that are authorized by the President of the United States that entail military action in Iraq and who is serving in the Middle East on the final day that payment of such property tax or installment or part thereof is due.

(June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3, S. 9.)

History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3 effective June 30, 2005.

Sec. 12-146e. Payments by residents in the armed forces called to active service who are serving outside the state. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 12-146, a municipality may, upon approval by its legislative body or, in any town in which the legislative body is a town meeting, by the board of selectmen of such municipality, elect to not charge or collect interest for a period of one year on any property tax or any installment or part thereof that is payable by any resident of the state who (1) is a member of the armed forces of the United States or of any state or of any reserve component thereof, (2) has been called to active service in the armed forces of the United States, and (3) is serving outside the state on the final day that payment of such property tax or installment or part thereof is due.

(P.A. 11-62, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 11-62 effective October 1, 2011, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date.

Sec. 12-147. Collector to deliver money and lists to treasurer monthly. Treasurer to examine books. Except as otherwise provided by law, each tax collector shall, on or before the tenth day of each month, pay to the treasurer of the municipality all moneys collected by him previous to the first day of that month in taxes, interest, penalties and lien fees thereon. All moneys collected by the collector or his duly appointed agent in taxes and interest, penalties, fees and charges and lien fees thereon, during the period in which they are held by the collector or his duly appointed agent, shall be deposited at least weekly, as provided in section 7-402, in the name of the municipality for which they were collected. The treasurer of each town designated in section 12-151 shall examine monthly the books of the tax collector provided for in said section. If the collector of any municipality retains any of such moneys or lists or fails to pay any of such moneys or deliver any of such lists as required herein, he shall thereupon forfeit all compensation for collecting such moneys and the treasurer shall forthwith inform the selectmen if a town not consolidated with a city or borough, the common council or board of aldermen if a city, the warden and burgesses if a borough or the governing board if any other municipality, in writing, of such retention or neglect, and such authority shall enforce such forfeiture.

(1949 Rev., S. 1829; P.A. 75-389, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-318, S. 1; P.A. 95-282, S. 7, 11; P.A. 96-244, S. 38, 63; P.A. 97-244, S. 12, 13.)

History: P.A. 75-389 changed monthly deadline for payments to treasurer from fifth to tenth day of month; P.A. 93-318 inserted reference to duly appointed agents and provided that fees and charges shall be deposited at least weekly; P.A. 95-282 made technical change, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-244 revised effective date section of P.A. 95-282 but without affecting this section; P.A. 97-244 deleted requirement that tax collectors submit monthly statement to municipal treasurers, effective July 1, 1997.

See Sec. 12-150 re penalty for violation of provisions of this section.

Neglect to pay over monthly, though violation of duty, did not constitute a defalcation. 112 C. 326.

Sec. 12-148. Identification of taxpayers. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of any general statute or special act, the tax collector of any municipality may use names and numbers or numbers only to identify the persons from whom moneys are collected each month in accordance with the provisions of section 12-147. Such tax collector may use any tax accounting system which has been approved by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management to list such names and numbers or numbers only.

(b) Numbers used under subsection (a) of this section may be Social Security numbers established under the Social Security Act, (42 USC 301 et seq.), as amended from time to time. Notwithstanding the provisions of the Freedom of Information Act, as defined in section 1-200, the tax collector shall withhold from disclosure to any person or state or municipal board, commission, department or agency any Social Security number provided to the tax collector under this subsection or under section 14-163.

(c) Commencing February 29, 2000, and the last day of February annually thereafter, any person receiving funds from a mortgagor who is an individual with respect to a mortgage on real property situated in Connecticut which funds are to be held in escrow for payment of property taxes shall file an informational return with the Commissioner of Revenue Services showing such mortgagor’s name, address, Social Security number and the amount of property taxes paid by such person receiving funds from such mortgagor during the preceding calendar year.

(1955, S. 1078d; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 93-287, S. 1, 11; P.A. 97-47, S. 18; 97-309, S. 20, 23; 97-322, S. 7, 9; P.A. 98-261, S. 1, 6.)

History: P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 93-287 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) authorizing use of Social Security numbers, effective June 29, 1993, and applicable to tax years commencing on and after October 1, 1992; P.A. 97-47 amended Subsec. (b) by substituting reference to “the Freedom of Information Act, as defined in Sec. 1-18a” for list of sections; P.A. 97-309 added new Subsec. (c) re collection of Social Security and federal employer identification numbers by municipal tax collectors, new Subsec. (d) re furnishing information to the Commissioner of Revenue Services with respect to property tax collected and numbers under Subsec. (c) and new Subsec. (e) re disallowance of tax credit for failure to comply with section, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 97-322 changed effective date of P.A. 97-309 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-261 deleted requirement that municipal tax collectors must collect social security and federal employer identification numbers and added requirement to file informational return with respect to a mortgage on real property where funds are held in escrow for payment of property taxes, effective June 8, 1998.

Sec. 12-149. Lists of taxpayers to be preserved until settlement with collector. Each such treasurer shall preserve all lists delivered to him under the provisions of section 12-147 until the next annual audit and settlement of his accounts with his municipality and then deliver such lists to the selectmen if a town not consolidated with a city or borough, to the common council or board of aldermen if a city, to the warden and burgesses if a borough or to the governing board if any other municipality, who shall keep them until the accounts of the collector delivering the same are finally settled with such municipality.

(1949 Rev., S. 1830.)

See Sec. 12-150 re penalty for violation of provisions of this section.

Cited. 194 C. 245.

Sec. 12-150. Penalty. Any person who violates any provision of section 12-134, 12-147, 12-149, 12-151 or 12-153 shall forfeit to the municipality where such violation occurs the sum of one hundred dollars.

(1949 Rev., S. 1831.)

Sec. 12-151. Record-receipt books. Each town, before the due date of each of its taxes, shall supply its collector thereof, for his use and that of his successors in office, with one or more record-receipt books which shall contain forms in duplicate, numbered consecutively in printing; but such duplicate record-receipt books need not be used by the tax collectors of any of the towns of Clinton, Hamden, Manchester and West Hartford or of any town consolidated with a city or borough or having an independent city or borough within its limits, and need not be used by the tax collector of any other town if each of his forms of tax receipts and his system of accounting for moneys received by him for such town has been approved in writing by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Any such approval once having been given by said secretary may, at any time, be rescinded by him in writing. In such event such town shall use the duplicate record-receipt books for which provision is made by this section and by other provisions of law. The tax collector, whenever he uses a duplicate record-receipt book, shall, by means of carbon paper, make out the original, and duplicate, receipt at the same time. The original, when properly signed by the collector, shall constitute a receipt in payment of the amount shown thereon and the duplicate shall remain in such book as a permanent record. No other receipt for town taxes shall be given by the collector, except in the event of a receipt being mutilated or lost, in which case the selectmen, after investigation, are authorized to issue a receipt in lieu thereof, and except in case of partial payment of a tax, when the collector shall, without detaching the same, endorse in ink upon the blank required in this section and on a space which shall be provided thereon the amount of such partial payment and shall issue a receipt therefor, which shall be made out in duplicate by use of carbon paper on special blanks on which shall be printed “partial payment of tax levy of ....”, one of which duplicates shall accompany such partial payment when turned over to the treasurer. Such book or books shall be the property of the town and a public record. The collector of taxes shall have the custody thereof during his term of office, and at the expiration thereof shall deliver such book or books to his immediate successor in office.

(1949 Rev., S. 1832; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 3, 47.)

History: P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980.

See Sec. 7-109 re destruction of documents.

See Sec. 12-150 re penalty for violation of provisions of this section.

Sec. 12-152. Tax on portion of property assessed as a whole. The assessors of any town in which property is located, a portion of which has been conveyed since the date of its assessment, shall, upon request of the owner of such portion, place a valuation thereon, and the tax collector shall, upon demand of such owner, compute the amount of the tax due on such portion and accept payment of such amount from such owner, and such portion shall be free from any lien filed against the property of which it was a portion at the time of the assessment and the tax collector shall note the payment of such tax upon the record of any such lien.

(1949 Rev., S. 1833.)

Sec. 12-153. Receipts for partial payments in cases of transfer. Whenever a partial payment is made on any tax account because of the transfer of title of part of any property represented by such account, the collector shall, if requested, indicate on such partial payment receipt the property on which such partial payment applies, and shall make endorsement on the original tax receipt blank, as required in section 12-151.

(1949 Rev., S. 1834.)

See Sec. 12-150 re penalty for violation of provisions of this section.

Sec. 12-154. Proceedings against negligent collector. If any collector of taxes fails to collect and pay the same within the time limited by law or by the community imposing such tax, any judge of the Superior Court, on application of the selectmen of the town or the committee of the municipal district imposing such tax, shall grant an execution against the estate of such collector, of the same form and to be levied in the same manner as executions in civil actions. If any collector of taxes fails to perform the duties of his appointment, any judge of the Superior Court, on written application of the selectmen of the town, the mayor and alderman of the city, the warden and burgesses of the borough or the committee of the municipal district which laid the taxes, after due notice and hearing, may remove him from office.

(1949 Rev., S. 1835; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 48; P.A. 74-183, S. 192, 291; P.A. 76-436, S. 168, 681; P.A. 81-410, S. 2.)

History: 1959 act placed authority to grant execution in circuit court judge rather than justice of the peace; P.A. 74-183 substituted court of common pleas for circuit court; P.A. 76-436 substituted superior court for court of common pleas, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 81-410 deleted reference to execution against the body.

See Sec. 12-168 re indemnification of tax collector in the absence of negligence or wilful misconduct.

Collector in default committed to jail without trial. 65 C. 30. Town, not collector, owns money; presumption that checks accepted by him were cashed. 73 C. 95.

Sec. 12-155. Demand and levy for the collection of taxes and water or sanitation charges. (a) If any person fails to pay any tax, or fails to pay any water or sanitation charges within thirty days after the due date, the collector or the collector’s duly appointed agent shall make personal demand of such person therefor or leave written demand at such person’s usual place of abode or deposit in some post office a written demand for such tax or such water or sanitation charges, postage prepaid, addressed to such person at such person’s last-known place of residence. If such person is a corporation, limited partnership or other legal entity, such written demand may be sent to any person upon whom process may be served to initiate a civil action against such corporation, limited partnership or entity.

(b) After demand has been made in the manner provided in subsection (a) of this section, the collector may (1) levy for any unpaid tax or any unpaid water or sanitation charges on any goods and chattels of such person and post and sell such goods and chattels in the manner provided in case of executions, or (2) enforce by levy and sale any lien upon real estate for any unpaid tax or levy upon and sell such interest of such person in any real estate as exists at the date of the levy for such tax.

(c) For the purposes of this section, “water or sanitation charges” means (1) any rates or charges established pursuant to section 7-239, or (2) any charges imposed by a municipality for the collection and disposal of garbage, trash, rubbish, waste material and ashes.

(1949 Rev., S. 1836; 1967, P.A. 123, S. 1; P.A. 95-228, S. 2, 15; P.A. 07-95, S. 3.)

History: 1967 act deleted provision which had allowed imprisonment of tax offenders; P.A. 95-228 added provision authorizing notice to be sent to any person upon whom process may be served in the case of a corporation, limited partnership or other legal entity, effective July 6, 1995, and applicable to tax sale notices posted, filed or published on and after said date; P.A. 07-95 divided existing provisions into Subsecs. (a) and (b), added provisions re collection of water or sanitation charges and made technical changes therein and added Subsec. (c) defining “water or sanitation charges”, effective July 1, 2007.

Demand necessary before levy, but not to make the tax due. 30 C. 395. Injunction will be granted against collection of taxes for imperative reasons only. 39 C. 401; 42 C. 30; 46 C. 243; 106 C. 227. One whose duty it is to pay a tax cannot purchase property on sale for the tax. 46 C. 513; 48 C. 395. Officer liable for imprisoning one to compel payment of an amount which includes illegal fees. 50 C. 78. Though action to foreclose lien is barred, warrant may be levied. 68 C. 293. Levy cannot be made on property in receiver’s hands. 72 C. 63. Applies to poll taxes. 81 C. 369. Recovery of tax paid to avoid levy of warrant. 82 C. 266; 103 C. 263. Nature of proceedings under warrant. 86 C. 196. Under levy for one tax, property cannot be sold for other. 87 C. 142. Injunction to restrain sale under levy. Id., 229. Lien for other taxes than those levied on specific property does not arise till warrant is levied. 91 C. 336. Three statutory methods of collecting taxes are distinct, concomitant and cumulative. 106 C. 547. Tax collector not an insurer of collection of all taxes on list and surety not liable for uncollected taxes in absence of proof of negligence. 112 C. 318. Personal property assessed is not subject to lien prior to institution of proceedings to enforce collection. 121 C. 250.

Cited. 46 CA 721.

Sec. 12-156. Sale of equity or particular estate under tax levy. Section 12-156 is repealed, effective July 6, 1995, and applicable to tax sale notices which are posted, filed or published on or after that date.

(1949 Rev., S. 1837; P.A. 95-228, S. 14, 15.)

Sec. 12-157. Method of selling real estate for taxes. (a) When a collector levies one or more tax warrants on real estate, he shall prepare notices thereof, containing the name of the taxpayer, a legal description of the real property, including the street address, upon which taxes are due, the amount of the tax or taxes due, including any interest and charges attributable to the property as of the last day of the month immediately preceding the notice, a statement that additional taxes, interest, fees and other charges authorized by law accruing after the last of the month immediately preceding the notice will be added to the amount indicated as due and owing in the notice, and the time and place of sale. The collector shall post one notice on a signpost in the town where such real estate is situated, if any, or at some other exterior place near the office of the town clerk, which is nearest thereto; one shall be filed in the town clerk’s office of such town and such town clerk shall record and index the same as a part of the land records of such town, and one shall be sent by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the taxpayer and each mortgage, lienholder and other record encumbrancer of record whose interest will be affected by the sale. Such posting, filing and mailing shall be done not more than twelve and not less than nine weeks before the time of sale and shall constitute a legal levy of such warrant or warrants upon the real estate referred to in the notice. Such collector shall also publish a similar notice for three weeks, at least once each week, in a newspaper published in such town, if any, otherwise in a newspaper published in the state having a general circulation in such town. The first notice shall be published beginning not more than twelve and not less than nine weeks before the time of sale and the last shall be published not more than four weeks nor less than two weeks before such sale. He shall also send by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the delinquent taxpayer and to each mortgagee, lienholder and other record encumbrancer whose interest in such property will be affected by such sale, a similar notice which shall not be required to list information pertaining to properties in which the person to whom the notice is directed has no interest. The notice shall be sent at least twice, the first not more than eight nor less than five weeks before such sale and the last not more than four weeks nor less than two weeks before such sale. The notice shall be addressed to his place of residence, if known to the collector, or to the address, or the agent of such person, to which such person has requested that tax bills be sent. If there is no address of such person, or if no such agent is given in the records of such town, the notice shall be sent to the place where such person regularly conducts business or other address as the collector believes will give notice of the levy and sale. If a person is a corporation, limited partnership or other legal entity, the notice may be sent to any person upon whom process may be served to initiate a civil action against such corporation, limited partnership or entity. If no place of residence or business is known and cannot be determined by the tax collector for any owner, taxpayer, mortgagee, lienholder or other encumbrancer whose interest in the property will be affected by the sale, in lieu of notice by certified mail as provided in this subsection, the notice, together with the list of mortgagees, lienholders, and other record encumbrancers whose interests in the property will be affected by such sale, shall be published in a newspaper published in this state, having a daily general circulation in the town in which such property is located at least twice, the first not more than eight weeks nor less than five weeks before such sale and the last not more than four weeks nor less than two weeks before such sale.

(b) The collector may, for any reason, adjourn such sale from time to time by causing public notice of such adjournment and the time and place of such adjourned sale to be given either by oral announcement or posting of a written notice at the time and place designated for the sale in the notices of such sale. If the adjourned date is set for a date more than three days from the date of the original or rescheduled sale date, the tax collector shall provide a postage prepaid written notice of the new time and place of the sale to the delinquent taxpayer and each mortgagee, lienholder and other record encumbrancer whose interest will be affected by the sale.

(c) At the time and place stated in such notices, or, if such sale is adjourned, at the time and place specified at the time of adjournment as aforesaid, such collector (1) may sell at public auction to the highest bidder all of said real property, to pay the taxes with the interest, fees and other charges allowed by law, including, but not limited to, those charges set forth in section 12-140, or (2) may sell all of said real property to his municipality if there has been no bidder or the amount bid is insufficient to pay the amount due.

(d) The collector shall post, at the time and place of the sale, a written notice stating the amount of all taxes, interest, fees and other charges authorized by law with respect to each property to be sold. The tax collector may publish or announce any rules for the orderly conduct of the auction and the making of payment by successful bidders which are not inconsistent with the requirements of law. The tax collector or the municipality may retain the services of auctioneers, clerks and other persons to assist the tax collector in the conduct of the sale and the cost of such persons paid for their services shall be added to the taxes due from the delinquent taxpayer. If more than one property is sold, the tax collector shall apportion such costs equally among all the properties.

(e) Within two weeks after such sale, the collector shall execute a deed thereof to the purchaser or to the municipality conducting the sale and shall lodge the same in the office of the town clerk of such town, where it shall remain unrecorded six months from the date of such sale.

(f) Within sixty days after such sale, the collector shall cause to be published in a newspaper having a daily general circulation in the town in which the real property is located, and shall send by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the delinquent taxpayer and each mortgagee, lienholder and other record encumbrancer whose interest in such property is affected by such sale, a notice stating the date of the sale, the name and address of the purchaser, the amount the purchaser paid for the property and the date the redemption period will expire. The notice shall include a statement that if redemption does not take place by the date stated and in the manner provided by law, the delinquent taxpayer, and all mortgagees, lienholders and other record encumbrancers who have received actual or constructive notice of such sale as provided by law, that their respective titles, mortgages, liens and other encumbrances in such property shall be extinguished. Not later than six months after the date of the sale or within sixty days if the property was abandoned or meets other conditions established by ordinance adopted by the legislative body of the town, if the delinquent taxpayer, mortgagee, lienholder or other record encumbrancer whose interest in the property will be affected by such sale, pays or tenders to the collector, the amount of taxes, interest and charges which were due and owing at the time of the sale together with interest on the total purchase price paid by the purchaser at the rate of eighteen per cent per annum from the date of such sale, such deed, executed pursuant to subsection (e) of this section, shall be delivered to the collector by the town clerk for cancellation and the collector shall provide a certificate of satisfaction to the person paying or tendering the money who, if not the person whose primary duty it was to pay the tax or taxes, shall have a claim against the person whose primary duty it was to pay such tax or taxes for the amount so paid, and may add the same to any claim for which he has security upon the property sold, provided the certificate of satisfaction is recorded on the land records but the interests of other persons in the property shall not be affected. Within ten days of receipt of such amounts in redemption of the levied property, the collector shall notify the purchaser by certified mail, return receipt requested, that the property has been redeemed and shall tender such payment, together with the amount held pursuant to subparagraph (A) of subdivision (1) of subsection (i) of this section, if any, to the purchaser. If the purchase money and interest are not paid within such redemption period, the deed shall be recorded and have full effect.

(g) During the redemption period, the purchaser or the municipality shall have a sufficient insurable interest in buildings and improvements upon such property to insure them against fire and other risk of physical loss, and may petition the Superior Court for the appointment of a receiver or for other equitable relief if there shall be imminent danger of damage or destruction thereto or imminent danger of injury to persons or to other property resulting from conditions thereon or on adjoining properties. The purchaser or the municipality shall not be liable to any person, or subjected to forfeiture of their interest, solely by reason of acquisition by the person of the tax deed, for any condition existing or occurrence upon such property or adjoining public sidewalks and streets, or for any failure to act to remedy or investigate any such condition or occurrence during such redemption period. The expenses of any receiver appointed on the application of such purchaser or municipality in excess of any rents or profits paid to the receiver shall be added to the amount of the purchase money and interest required to be paid or tendered by any person to the purchaser or municipality for the collector’s deed and paid to the party that incurred such expenses.

(h) Any municipality holding a lien for unpaid taxes on real estate, other than the municipality conducting the sale, may purchase all of such property at a tax sale.

(i) (1) If the sale realizes an amount in excess of the amount needed to pay all delinquent taxes, interest, penalties, fees, and costs, the amount of the excess shall be held in an interest-bearing escrow account separate from all other accounts of the municipality. (A) If the property is redeemed prior to the expiration of the redemption period, the amount held in escrow shall, within ten days of the tax collector receiving notice of redemption, be turned over to the purchaser. Any interest earned shall be the property of the municipality. (B) If the property is not redeemed in the redemption period, the amount held in escrow may be used to pay the delinquent taxes, interest, penalties, fees and costs on any other property of the taxpayer located in the town, including personal property and motor vehicles. In the case of subparagraph (B), the tax collector shall, within ten days of the expiration of the redemption period, pay to the clerk of the court for the judicial district in which the property is located the amount held in escrow remaining after paying the delinquent taxes, interest, fees, penalties and costs owed by the taxpayer to the municipality. The tax collector shall, within five days of the payment, provide notice to the delinquent taxpayer, any mortgagee, lienholder, or other encumbrancer of record whose interest in such property is affected by the sale, by certified mail, return receipt requested of the name and address of the court to which the moneys were paid, the person’s right to file an application with the court for return of said money, and the amount of money paid to the court.

(2) If the tax collector pays to the court any moneys pursuant to subparagraph (B) of subdivision (1) of this subsection, the delinquent taxpayer, any mortgagee, lienholder or other encumbrancer whose interest in such property is affected by the sale may, within ninety days of the date the tax collector paid the moneys to the court, file an application with the court for return of the proceeds. Any person may make an application for payment of moneys deposited in court as provided for in this subsection to the superior court for the judicial district in which the property that is the subject of the proceedings referred to is located, or if said court is not in session to any judge thereof, for a determination of the equity of the parties having an interest in such moneys. Notice of such application shall be served in the same manner as to commence a civil action on all persons having an interest of record in such property on the date the collector’s deed is recorded. The court or judge upon such motion or upon its own motion may appoint a state referee to hear the facts and to make a determination of the equity of the parties in such moneys. Such referee, after providing at least ten days’ notice to the parties interested of the time and place of hearing, shall hear the applicant and any parties interested, take such testimonies as such referee deems material and determine the equities of the parties having a record interest in such moneys and immediately report to the court or judge. The report shall contain a detailed statement of findings by the referee, sufficient to enable the court to determine the considerations upon which the referee based his conclusions. The report may be rejected for any irregular or improper conduct in the performance of the duties of such referee. If the report is rejected, the court or judge shall appoint another referee to make such determination and report. If the report is accepted, such determination of the equities shall be conclusive upon all parties given notice of such hearing, subject to appeal to the Appellate Court. If no appeal to the Appellate Court is filed within the time allowed by law, or if one is filed and the proceedings have terminated in a final judgment determining the amount due to each party, the clerk shall send a certified copy of the statement of compensation and of the judgment to the prevailing party or parties, as the case may be, which shall, upon receipt thereof, pay such parties the amount due them as compensation.

(3) If no application is filed with the court, any moneys held by the court shall escheat to the state pursuant to the provisions of part III of chapter 32.

(1949 Rev., S. 1838; P.A. 82-141, S. 3, 4; P.A. 84-146, S. 9; P.A. 95-228, S. 3, 15; P.A. 96-180, S. 21, 166; P.A. 97-139; P.A. 99-283, S. 4, 10; P.A. 02-103, S. 37.)

History: P.A. 82-141 increased rate of interest applicable from date of sale to purchase when real estate previously sold for taxes by a municipality is purchased, as allowed, by the owner or other interested party within a period of one year following date of such sale for taxes, with rate of 15% per annum in effect for any such sale in period July 1, 1981 to June 30, 1982, inclusive, and 18% per annum for such sale occurring on or after July 1, 1982; P.A. 84-146 included a reference to posting of notice on a place other than a signpost; P.A. 95-228 divided the section into Subsecs., substantially revised existing provisions, and added provisions designated as Subsecs. (d), (f), (g) and (i), effective July 6, 1995, and applicable to tax sale notices posted, filed or published on and after said date; P.A. 96-180 amended Subsec. (b) to make technical grammatical changes, effective June 3, 1996; P.A. 97-139 amended Subsec. (f) by changing the time for redemption from one year to six months or 60 days for property that was abandoned or meets conditions established in a local ordinance and amended Subsec. (i)(1) to authorize escrow amounts to pay costs on other property held by the taxpayer; P.A. 99-283 amended Subsec. (e) by replacing “one year” with “six months”, effective June 29, 1999; P.A. 02-103 made technical changes in Subsecs. (f) and (g).

Several collectors cannot join in one deed of lands sold by them severally. 2 R. 437. Under revision of 1821, notice to taxpayer before making distress unnecessary, and a demand of personal property before taking real estate unnecessary. 7 C. 505, see also 30 C. 401. Time within which deed should be executed. 7 C. 505. Demand not necessary to make tax due but a prerequisite of a levy. 30 C. 401. No equitable ground for reconveyance, where land legally assessed is sold under a void warrant, without indemnifying the purchaser. Id., 404. One whose duty requires him to pay a tax cannot be a purchaser of the property when sold for the tax. 46 C. 513; 48 C. 395. Collector must sell by metes and bounds unless tax debtor’s interest is an undivided one; and the sale must be conducted in the fairest manner. 47 C. 190. Levy for one tax will not justify sale for others. 87 C. 142. As to power of legislature to cure irregularities by validating act, see 126 C. 206.

Court held section does not violate due process. 46 CA 721. Re tax lien assessed on property on which FDIC held a security interest for 3 years, subsequent holder of fee interest is liable for property tax lien assessed for the 3-year period and immunity granted to FDIC under 12 USC 1825(b) does not extend to subsequent owner. 62 CA 586.

Subsec. (a):

Actions of tax collector to provide notice satisfied due process when, after tax sale notice that was sent to property owner of record by certified mail was returned as undeliverable, tax collector unsuccessfully attempted to locate another address or agent for owner and sent remaining notices to owner’s former attorney of record; tax collector was not required to send remaining notices to an unworkable address. 138 CA 1.

Subsec. (i):

Applicant for the proceeds under Subdiv. (1) need not be a holder in due course. 79 CA 384.

Sec. 12-158. Form of collector’s deed. Liability of municipalities for breach of warranty. (a) The deed given by any collector for real estate sold by him for taxes shall be in substance in the form following:

Know all men by these presents, that, whereas the (here insert the name of the taxing authority) did on the .... day of ...., 20.., lay a tax of .... mills on the dollar on its grand list next to be (or last) perfected, a rate bill for which and for a personal tax (if such be the fact), in all respects made out according to law with a warrant thereto attached, was placed in my hands, I being the duly appointed and qualified collector thereof, for collection, which tax became due on the .... day of ...., 20..; and, whereas A.B., upon demand made, neglected and refused to pay the tax set opposite his name in said rate bill, and thereupon, on the .... day of ...., 20.., I levied upon the parcel of real estate hereinafter described for that portion of said tax which was assessed thereon, to wit: $.... and accrued interest (or if the levy was for the whole tax, for the amount of said tax, to wit: $.... and accrued interest) and gave due notice thereof to said taxpayer and to .... as by law provided, which real estate so levied upon is situated in .... and bounded ...., and on the .... day of ...., 20.., no one having previously tendered me said tax with interest and my fees, in pursuance of said levy, and in accordance with the terms of said notice, I sold at public auction the whole of (or the following portion of) said real estate of .... (to wit) to C.D., for the sum of $..... Now, therefore, in consideration of the premises, and of said sum of money, received to my full satisfaction, of said C.D., I hereby bargain and sell unto him the premises last above described, with the appurtenances, to have and to hold the same to him and his heirs forever, subject only to taxes laid by such municipality which were not yet due and payable when I first published notice of levy and sale, easements, covenants and restrictions in favor of other parcels of land, interests exempt from levy and sale under the Constitution and laws of the United States and such other interests, if any, hereinafter described, to wit ..... And also, I, the said collector, acting in the name of and for (name of municipality), do by these presents bind (name of municipality), forever, to warrant and defend the above granted and bargained premises to the said grantee, his heirs and assigns, against all claims and demands arising from any necessary act omitted or unlawful act done by me in connection with the aforesaid levy or sale which impairs the same. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this .... day of ...., 20...

E. F., (Seal).

Collector as aforesaid.

Signed, sealed, and delivered

in the presence of

(Usual form of acknowledgment).

(b) The liability of any municipality for breach of the warranties contained in a collector’s deed shall be limited to the amount paid to the collector by the grantee and amounts reasonably expended after its recording to improve and operate the property conveyed by the deed to the extent such amounts are not recoverable from the person found to be the true owner of the property.

(1949 Rev., S. 1839; 1961, P.A. 13; P.A. 95-228, S. 4, 15; P.A. 96-180, S. 22, 166.)

History: 1961 act changed form of deed to bind town instead of collector as individual; P.A. 95-228 divided the section into Subsecs., made technical changes in Subsec. (a) and added provisions in newly designated Subsec. (b) re liability of municipalities for breach of warranties contained in a collector’s deed, effective July 6, 1995, and applicable to tax sale notices posted, filed or published on and after said date; P.A. 96-180 amended Subsec. (a) to make technical change in deed form, effective June 3, 1996; (Revisor’s note: In 2001 the references in this section to the date “19..” were changed editorially by the Revisors to “20..” to reflect the new millennium).

Sec. 12-159. Collector’s deed as evidence. Irregularities. Any deed, or the certified copy of the record of any deed, purporting to be executed by a tax collector and similar, or in substance similar, to the above, shall be prima facie evidence of a valid title in the grantee to the premises therein purported to be conveyed, encumbered only by the lien of taxes to the municipality which were not yet due and payable on the date notice of levy was first made, easements and similar interests appurtenant to other properties not thereby conveyed, and other interests described therein and of the existence and regularity of all votes and acts necessary to the validity of the tax therein referred to, as the same was assessed, and of the levy and sale therefor, and no tax collector shall be required to make return upon his warrant of his doings thereunder, except that the purchaser may, within ninety days of the recording of the collector’s deed, request in writing from the tax collector, an affidavit which complies with the provisions of section 12-167a. The tax collector shall provide such affidavit within thirty days of receipt of such request. The town clerk shall record such affidavit in the land records of such town and shall index the affidavit under the name of the purchaser as grantee. No act done or omitted relative to the assessment or collection of a tax, including everything connected therewith, after the vote of the community laying the same, up to and including the final collection thereof or sale of property therefor, shall in any way affect or impair the validity of such tax as assessed, collected or sought to be collected or the validity of such sale, unless the person contesting the validity of such sale shows that the collector neglected to provide notice pursuant to section 12-157, to such person or to the predecessors of such person in title, and who had a right to notice of such sale, and that the person or they in fact did not know of such sale within six months after it was made, and provided such property was by law liable to be sold to satisfy such tax. The fact that the collector may have charged or received illegal fees upon such sale shall not impair the sale’s validity. If the person contesting such fees shows that illegal fees were charged by the collector, the municipality shall refund such illegal fees together with legal interest from the date of their payment in accordance with section 12-129.

(1949 Rev., S. 1840; P.A. 95-228, S. 5, 15; P.A. 99-283, S. 5, 10.)

History: P.A. 95-228 added provisions re encumbrances on a title, affidavits on the collector’s actions and refunds of illegal fees charged by a collector and made technical changes, effective July 6, 1995, and applicable to tax sale notices posted, filed or published on and after said date; P.A. 99-283 replaced “one year” with “six months” and made changes for gender neutrality, effective June 29, 1999.

Does not validate sale, where levy made for one tax and land sold for others. 87 C. 146. Cited. 126 C. 212.

Cited. 46 CA 721. Section reflects legislative support for principle that easements appurtenant run with the land and are not extinguished when title is conveyed pursuant to a tax lien foreclosure. 63 CA 164. Section provides plaintiff standing to contest validity of tax sale by showing that notice was not properly provided to his predecessor in title in accordance with Sec. 12-157(a). 138 CA 1.

Sec. 12-159a. Court orders in actions contesting validity of collector’s deed. Lien. (a) In any action brought to prove the invalidity of a collector’s deed, other than an action based on fraud, the court shall, if the complaining party is successful, order the complaining party to pay to the tax collector or to the person or persons claiming an interest pursuant to such deed, (1) amounts representing taxes, interest and other charges lawfully due from the complaining party at the time of such tax sale with interest from the date of such tax sale at the rate provided in section 12-157, and (2) the reasonable costs of payment of taxes, insurance premiums, repairs, maintenance and demolition of any structures constituting a nuisance, and the fair market value of any capital improvements made to the property by such persons, with interest at the rate provided in section 37-3a computed from the time of such expenditure or improvement.

(b) Any person entitled to payments pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall, upon the recording of a certificate of judgment lien, be entitled to a lien on such property. The priority of such lien shall be, in the case of the amounts described in subdivision (1) of said subsection (a), prior to all other interests except taxes, and, in the case of the amounts described in subdivision (2) of said subsection (a), such priority as rules of law and principles of equity provide.

(c) Nothing in subsection (a) of this section shall prohibit the court from awarding the complaining party any damages which may be proven. Any damages awarded shall be reduced by the amounts described in said subsection (a).

(P.A. 95-228, S. 7, 15.)

History: P.A. 95-228 effective July 6, 1995, and applicable to tax sale notices which are posted, filed or published on and after that date.

Sec. 12-159b. Time for action contesting validity of collector’s deed. No action alleging the invalidity of a collector’s deed, substantially, in the form provided in section 12-158, on any grounds other than fraud, shall be brought by any person except within one year from the date the collector’s deed was recorded or within two years from the date of the sale, whichever is longer.

(P.A. 95-228, S. 8, 15.)

History: P.A. 95-228 effective July 6, 1995, and applicable to tax sale notices which are posted, filed or published on and after that date.

Sec. 12-160. Poor debtor’s oath. Section 12-160 is repealed.

(1949 Rev., S. 1841; 1971, P.A. 11, S. 2.)

Sec. 12-161. Collection by suit. All taxes properly assessed shall become a debt due from the person, persons or corporation against whom they are respectively assessed to the town, city, district or community in whose favor they are assessed, and may be, in addition to the other remedies provided by law, recovered by any proper action in the name of the community in whose favor they are assessed.

(1949 Rev., S. 1842.)

Statute gives a simple remedy and dispenses with prolixity in pleading. 58 C. 526; 87 C. 235. Special provision as to collection does not exclude general statutory provisions. 60 C. 117. Action by state against railroad company for taxes warranted by usage if not by section. Id., 334; 70 C. 602. Death of collector for both town and city of Hartford. 66 C. 294. Assessments of benefits not within the law authorizing collection of interest on unpaid taxes. 67 C. 162. Against whom a debt. 74 C. 683. How far a debt: Not barred by general statute of limitations. 85 C. 376. This method is in addition to other methods. 103 C. 261; 106 C. 547. Cited. 121 C. 250. When municipality elects to treat its claim as debt under section, notwithstanding its public nature, there is no impropriety in holding it a “claim” against estate within Sec. 45-205. 123 C. 351. In action to collect tax, taxpayer cannot contest property valuation. Id., 543, 549. Action to recover assessment for benefits, as debt, arises from exercise of taxing power, not out of implied contract; not barred by Sec. 52-576. 131 C. 50. Cited. 136 C. 360; 155 C. 340; 164 C. 178; 165 C. 410; 172 C. 427. Challenge to legality of assessments could not be properly raised in the city’s action under section. 196 C. 487. Cited. 200 C. 697; 221 C. 921.

Cited. 6 CA 330; 26 CA 545. Taxes assessed on real property interests become debt due from person who holds title to the interest taxed, regardless of whether that interest is recorded in land records. 104 CA 498.

Fiduciary debt incurred in administration of trust is a personal debt. 3 CS 67. Cited. 4 CS 239. Variance between tax laid and tax alleged in action on debt is immaterial. Id., 391. History; substantial recovery by one remedy does not bar another. 7 CS 16. Cited. 25 CS 465.

Sec. 12-161a. In proceedings by municipality to collect delinquent taxes on personal property, owner shall pay court costs, appraiser’s fees and attorneys’ fees incurred. In the institution of proceedings by any municipality to enforce collection of any delinquent tax on personal property from the owner of such property, through (1) levy and sale with respect to any goods or chattels owned by such person, (2) enforcement of a lien, established and perfected in accordance with sections 12-195a to 12-195g, inclusive, upon any such goods or chattels or (3) any other proceeding in law in the name of the municipality for purposes of enforcing such collection, such person shall be required to pay any court costs, reasonable appraiser’s fees or reasonable attorney’s fees incurred by such municipality as a result of and directly related to such levy and sale, enforcement of lien or other collection proceedings.

(P.A. 82-56, S. 1, 2.)

Cited. 236 C. 710.

Sec. 12-162. Alias tax warrant. Service of warrants upon financial institutions. Request for information. (a) Any collector of taxes, in the execution of tax warrants, shall have the same authority as state marshals have in executing the duties of their office, and any constable or other officer authorized to serve any civil process may serve a warrant for the collection of any tax assessed or any water or sanitation charges imposed, and the officer shall have the same authority as the collector concerning taxes or water or sanitation charges committed to such officer for collection.

(b) (1) Except as provided in subdivision (2) of this subsection, upon the nonpayment of any property tax or any water or sanitation charges when due, demand having been made therefor as prescribed by law for the collection of such tax or such water or sanitation charges, an alias tax warrant may be issued by the tax collector, which may be in the following form:

“To a state marshal of the County of ...., or any constable of the Town of .... Greeting: By authority of the state of Connecticut you are hereby commanded to collect forthwith from .... of .... the sum of .... dollars, the same being the amount of a tax or water or sanitation charges, with interest or penalty and charges which have accumulated thereon, which tax was levied or which water or sanitation charges were imposed by (insert name of town, city or municipality laying the tax or imposing the water or sanitation charges) upon (insert the real estate, personal property, or both, as the case may be,) of said .... as of the .... day of ..... (In like manner insert the amount of any other property tax or other water or sanitation charges which may have been levied or imposed in any other year, including interest or penalty and charges which have accumulated thereon). In default of payment of said amount you are hereby commanded to levy for said tax or taxes or such water or sanitation charges, including interest, penalty and charges, hereinafter referred to as the amount due on such execution, upon any goods and chattels of such person and dispose of the same as the law directs, notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (j) of section 52-352b, and, after having satisfied the amount due on such execution, return the surplus, if any, to him; or, except as otherwise provided in section 12-162, you are to levy upon the real estate of such person and sell such real property pursuant to section 12-157, to pay the amount due on such execution; or you shall, in accordance with the provisions of section 12-162, make demand upon the main office of any financial institution indebted to such person, subject to the provisions of section 52-367a or 52-367b, as if judgment for the amount due on such execution had been entered, for that portion of any type of deposit to the credit of or property held for such person, not exceeding in total value the amount due on such execution; or you are to garnishee the wages due such person from any employer, in the same manner as if a wage execution therefor had been entered, in accordance with section 52-361a.

Dated at .... this .... day of .... A.D. 20.., Tax Collector.”

(2) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, an alias tax warrant shall not be issued by a tax collector to levy upon the real estate of any person and sell such real estate pursuant to section 12-157 solely for the purpose of collecting any water or sanitation charges.

(c) Any officer serving an alias tax warrant pursuant to this section shall make return to the collector of such officer’s actions thereon within ten days of the completion of such service and shall be entitled to collect from such person the fees allowed by law for serving executions issued by any court. Any state marshal or constable, authorized as provided in this section, who executes such warrant and collects any delinquent municipal taxes or water or sanitation charges as a result thereof shall receive, in addition to expenses otherwise allowed, a percentage of the taxes or the water or sanitation charges collected pursuant to such warrant, calculated at the rate applicable for the levy of an execution as provided in section 52-261. The minimum fee for such service shall be thirty dollars. Any officer unable to serve such warrant shall, within sixty days after the date of issuance, return such warrant to the collector and in writing state the reason it was not served.

(d) With regard to warrants served upon financial institutions, a collector of taxes or serving officer shall not serve alias tax warrants relating to one taxpayer on more than one financial institution at a time, including copies thereof, and after service on one financial institution, shall not serve the same alias tax warrants or copies thereof upon another financial institution until receiving confirmation from the preceding financial institution that the taxpayer had no funds at the preceding financial institution available for collection. If the collector of taxes or serving officer does not receive, not later than twenty days after the service of the warrant or service of a request for information pursuant to subsection (e) of this section, a response from the financial institution that was served indicating whether or not the taxpayer has funds at the financial institution available for collection, the collector of taxes or serving officer may assume that the taxpayer has no funds at that financial institution available for collection and may serve another financial institution in accordance with this subsection.

(e) With regard to warrants to be served upon financial institutions, whenever a tax collector expects to serve, or have an officer serve, more than fifteen tax warrants upon a particular financial institution on a given day, prior to such service, the tax collector or serving officer shall serve upon such financial institution a request for information which complies with subsection (f) of this section. No warrant may be served upon a financial institution with respect to a particular taxpayer unless the financial institution, in a recent response to a request for information, has indicated that the financial institution is indebted to such taxpayer. A tax collector or serving officer may, at the collector’s or officer’s option, serve a request for information pursuant to this subsection even if not required by this subsection. In such a case, the tax collector or serving officer shall comply with the requirements of this section relating to requests for information, and the financial institution shall respond in the same manner as though the request for information is required by this subsection. For purposes of this subsection, a response is considered recent if the warrant is served not later than one hundred eighty days after the date such response is received.

(f) The request for information required by subsection (e) of this section shall be served upon the financial institution in accordance with subsection (g) of this section and shall include (1) the name and last-known address of each taxpayer who is the subject of a warrant desired to be served by the tax collector or serving officer, (2) the address to which the response can be mailed or delivered or a facsimile number to which the response may be transmitted, (3) in the case of a request transmitted via facsimile by a serving officer, the name, address, judicial district, badge number and telephone number of the officer serving the request, and (4) a statement in substantially the following form:

“To (insert name of financial institution): In accordance with Section 12-162 of the General Statutes of the State of Connecticut, you are hereby commanded to report to (insert name of town or serving officer), at the address or facsimile number specified in this request, whether the financial institution is indebted to the taxpayer or taxpayers listed in this request.”

(g) The request for information required by subsection (e) of this section shall be in writing and shall be (1) delivered or mailed, first class postage prepaid, to an office designated and made available by the financial institution pursuant to this subsection, or (2) transmitted by facsimile provided the facsimile message is transmitted to a facsimile number, addressed to the attention of a recipient or department, and designated and made available by the financial institution pursuant to this subsection. A notice received, whether by facsimile or otherwise, after five o’clock p.m., eastern standard time on any day, shall be deemed to have been received by the financial institution on the next business day. Each financial institution with an office in this state shall designate an office, facsimile number and recipient or department for purposes of this subsection and shall make the current designations available to collectors of taxes and serving officers upon request and by mailing or delivering such designations to the State Marshal Commission and the collector of taxes in each municipality in which the financial institution has an office. A financial institution may amend its designations, provided the amended designations are mailed or delivered to the State Marshal Commission and collector of taxes in each municipality in which the financial institution has an office at least fifteen days before becoming effective. If a financial institution fails to make such designations or fails to make such designations available as required by this subsection, the tax collector or serving officer may serve the request for information on any office of the financial institution located in this state.

(h) Upon receipt of a request for information that complies with subsection (f) of this section, the financial institution shall respond to such request by reporting that (1) the financial institution is indebted to one or more of the taxpayers listed on the request and listing the name or names of those taxpayers, or (2) the financial institution is not indebted to any of the taxpayers listed in the request. If the financial institution is unable to make a determination with respect to a particular taxpayer based on the information supplied with the request, the financial institution may respond that additional information will be needed to make a determination with respect to a taxpayer, listing the name of the taxpayer in question, and the financial institution may adjust its response pursuant to subdivision (1) or (2) of this subsection to reflect such fact. The financial institution shall mail, deliver or transmit the response, in the case of a request listing fewer than one hundred taxpayers, not later than five business days following the date the request was received, or in the case of a request listing one hundred or more taxpayers, but not more than two hundred fifty taxpayers, not later than ten business days following the date the request was received. No request for information shall include more than two hundred fifty taxpayers. Once a request for information has been served by or on behalf of a particular town, an additional request for information may not be served upon that same financial institution by or on behalf of that same town unless the financial institution has had an opportunity to respond as provided in this subsection. Unless otherwise required by law, a financial institution that has received a request for information shall not disclose to a taxpayer listed on the request that the financial institution has received a request for information relative to such taxpayer, provided nothing in this section shall prevent the disclosure of information that is publicly known or known to the taxpayer or as otherwise may be necessary to protect the interests of the financial institution.

(i) No financial institution or officer, director or employee of a financial institution, and no serving officer, municipality or officer, employee or agent of a municipality, shall be liable to any person with respect to any act done or omitted in good faith or through the commission of a bona fide error that occurs despite reasonable procedures maintained by the financial institution, serving officer, municipality or officer, employee or agent of a municipality, to prevent such errors in complying with the provisions of this section. For purposes of the response required by subsection (h) of this section, the financial institution may select, with respect to each taxpayer listed on the request, a particular day within the time frame allotted by such subsection, for determining the presence or absence of indebtedness, and the financial institution shall not be responsible for reporting upon the presence or absence of indebtedness on any other day.

(j) For the purposes of this section, “water or sanitation charges” means (1) any rates or charges established pursuant to section 7-239, or (2) any charges imposed by a municipality for the collection and disposal of garbage, trash, rubbish, waste material and ashes.

(1949 Rev., S. 1843; 1963, P.A. 642, S. 8; 1967, P.A. 123, S. 2; 1969, P.A. 331; 472; P.A. 77-459, S. 1, 2; P.A. 82-161, S. 1, 2; P.A. 83-581, S. 29, 40; P.A. 91-350, S. 1; P.A. 95-228, S. 6, 15; P.A. 96-180, S. 23, 166; P.A. 00-99, S. 41, 154; P.A. 01-195, S. 17, 181; P.A. 05-135, S. 2; P.A. 07-95, S. 4; 07-111, S. 1.)

History: 1963 act changed obsolete reference from keeper of jail to state jail administrator; 1967 act deleted reference to imprisonment for nonpayment of taxes; 1969 acts added provision allowing collector to garnishee wages for nonpayment of taxes and required unserved warrants to be returned to collector within 30 days after issuance with explanation for why it was not served; P.A. 77-459 allowed collection of additional 5% or 10% amounts above other expenses in cases where warrant executed by sheriff, deputy sheriff or constable; P.A. 82-161 amended the alias tax warrant form issued by the tax collector so that the serving officer in the manner prescribed and to the extent necessary shall levy for the delinquent taxes by making demand upon any banking institution indebted to the delinquent taxpayer as if judgment had been entered for the amount due; P.A. 83-581 replaced “as if judgment therefor had been entered, in accordance with section 52-361” with “as if a wage execution had been entered, in accordance with section 52-361a”; P.A. 91-350 added phrase “Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (j) of section 52-252b” and applied 10% figure re allowance for those collecting delinquent taxes in all cases, deleting sliding scale previously in existence, raised minimum fee from $5 to $20 and changed deadline for return of unserved warrants from 30 to 60 days; P.A. 95-228 made technical changes, effective July 6, 1995, and applicable to tax sale notices posted, filed or published on and after said date; P.A. 96-180 added reference to Sec. 52-367b in tax warrant form, effective June 3, 1996; P.A. 00-99 replaced references to sheriff and deputy sheriff with state marshal, effective December 1, 2000; (Revisor’s note: In 2001 the reference in this section to the date “19..” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “20..” to reflect the new millennium); P.A. 01-195 made technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality, effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 05-135 divided section into Subsecs. (a), (b) and (c) and amended Subsec. (c) by replacing provisions re receipt by state marshal or constable of amount equal to 10% of taxes collected with provisions re receipt by state marshal or constable of percentage calculated at rate applicable for levy of execution as provided in Sec. 52-261, increasing minimum fee from $20 to $30 and making conforming and technical changes, effective June 24, 2005, and applicable to the execution of tax warrants issued on or after July 2, 2003; P.A. 07-95 added provisions re collection of water or sanitation charges, designated provisions of Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (b)(1) and made technical changes therein, added Subsec. (b)(2) prohibiting issuance of alias tax warrant to levy upon real estate solely for collecting water or sanitation charges and defined “water or sanitation charges”, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 07-111 amended alias tax warrant form in Subsec. (b) to direct serving officer to make demand upon the main office of any financial institution, in lieu of banking institution, in accordance with Sec. 12-162, and added Subsecs. (d) to (h) re service of warrants and requests for information upon financial institutions, including form and delivery for requests for information and response to such request, and Subsec. (i) to specify that financial institutions and their officers, directors and employees are not liable for errors that occur despite existence of reasonable procedures to prevent errors or for any good faith act or omission in relation to complying with provisions of section.

See Sec. 12-135 re execution of tax warrants.

Under old law, collector may collect under his rate bill after year for which appointed, though another tax laid and collector appointed. 10 C. 146. Liable for levying on property in one town and posting and selling it in another. 11 C. 472. Tax illegally assessed paid under compulsion may be recovered. 24 C. 89; 30 C. 395; 35 C. 563. If inseparable portion of assessment is illegal, the whole is illegal. Id., 573. Mandamus lies against negligent collector, notwithstanding there is a remedy on the bond or by execution. 48 C. 145. Running of interest not suspended by appeal from board of relief. 72 C. 599. Payment of collector by permitting him to deduct amounts from collections. 74 C. 397. Present statute authorizing alias tax warrant constitutional. 106 C. 230. Cited. 112 C. 318. Warrant issued before amount of taxes determined does not justify sale to collect them. 121 C. 250.

No provision within section authorizes use of a tax warrant, issued by tax collector, to protect fixtures and other material of historic value. 71 CA 438. Sovereign immunity cannot be invoked to justify failure of a town to follow procedures prescribed by section for collecting delinquent taxes. Id.

Sec. 12-163. Jeopardy collection of taxes. Written notice. (a) If, between the assessment date and the tax due date, any tax collector, after exercising due diligence, determines that the collection of any tax will be jeopardized by delay, he shall, subject to the provisions of this section, collect such tax forthwith. He may enforce collection thereof by using any one or more of the methods provided in sections 12-155, 12-161 and 12-162, or in any other section of the general statutes relating to the enforced collection of taxes. If the amount of such tax has been definitely fixed by the rate maker, the collector shall collect such amount. If the assessment of the property represented by such tax has been fixed by the assessors but the tax rate has not been laid, the collector shall, subject to the provisions of this section, enforce collection of a tax obtained by multiplying the assessment so fixed by the tax rate of the year next preceding. If neither the assessment of the property nor the tax rate has been fixed, the tax collector shall make application to the assessors for a valuation on such property. The assessors shall forthwith assess such property and the assessment placed upon such property by the assessors, together with the tax rate of the year next preceding, shall be used by the collector in determining the amount of tax to be collected. If, after the payment of any tax in conformity with the provisions of this section, it is found that the amount so paid is in excess of the amount which would have been paid on the tax due date or after appeal to the courts, the excess so paid shall be returned to the taxpayer upon written application by him to the treasurer of the municipality. Such written application shall contain a recital of the facts; shall show the amount of rebate to which the applicant believes he is entitled; shall be approved by the tax collector, and shall be made within the period of one year from the date of the definite determination of such tax. The person against whom jeopardy collection proceedings have been begun may obtain a stay of collection of the whole or any part of the amount of the tax so represented by such proceedings by filing with the tax collector a bond in such an amount, not exceeding double the amount as to which the stay is desired, and with such surety as the tax collector deems necessary, conditioned upon the payment of so much of the amount, the collection of which is stayed by the bond, as is found to be due from such person when the grand list has been completed and the tax rate fixed, or as is determined by the board of assessment appeals or a court of competent jurisdiction after appeal to it. The amount of the tax which is stayed by the bond shall be paid on notice and demand of the tax collector, at any time after the tax due date. The person subject to jeopardy collection proceedings, under the provisions of this section, who has obtained a stay of collection in whole or in part, shall have the right to waive such stay at any time in respect to the whole or any part of the amount covered by the bond and if, as the result of such waiver, any part of the amount covered by the bond is paid, the bond shall, at the request of the taxpayer, be proportionately reduced.

(b) Upon commencing a jeopardy tax collection proceeding, a tax collector shall provide written notice of such collection proceeding to (1) the chief elected official or chief executive officer of the municipality in which the property is located, and (2) the taxpayer subject to such collection proceeding. Such written notice shall contain a detailed explanation supporting the tax collector’s determination that the collection of the tax will be jeopardized by delay.

(1949 Rev., S. 1844; P.A. 95-283, S. 60, 68; P.A. 12-26, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 12-26 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended same by adding provision re tax collector exercising due diligence and added Subsec. (b) re written notice, effective October 1, 2012, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date.

Cited. 39 CS 142.

Sec. 12-163a. Receivership of rents for the collection of delinquent taxes. (a) Any municipality may petition the Superior Court or a judge thereof, for appointment of a receiver of the rents or payments for use and occupancy for any property for which the owner, agent, lessor or manager is delinquent in the payment of real property taxes. The court or judge shall forthwith issue an order to show cause why a receiver should not be appointed, which shall be served upon the owner, agent, lessor, manager, mortgagees, assignees of rent and other parties with an interest in the rents or payments for use and occupancy of the property in a manner most reasonably calculated to give notice to such owner, lessor, manager, mortgagees, assignees of rent and other parties with an interest in the rents or payments for use and occupancy of the property as determined by such court or judge, including, but not limited to, a posting of such order on the premises in question. A hearing shall be had on such order no later than seventy-two hours after its issuance or the first court day thereafter. The sole purpose of such a hearing shall be to determine whether there is an amount due and owing between the owner, agent, lessor or manager and the municipality. The court shall make a determination of any amount due and owing and any amount so determined shall constitute a lien upon the real property of such owner. A certificate of such amount may be recorded in the land records of the town in which such property is located describing the amount of the lien and the name of the party who owes the taxes. When the amount due and owing has been paid, the municipality shall issue a certificate discharging the lien and shall file the certificate in the land records of the town in which such lien was recorded. The receiver appointed by the court shall collect all rents or payments for use and occupancy forthcoming from the occupants of the building in question in place of the owner, agent, lessor or manager. The receiver shall make payments from such rents or payments for use and occupancy, first for taxes due on and after the date of his appointment and then for electric, gas, telephone, water or heating oil supplied on and after such date. The owner, agent, lessor or manager shall be liable for such reasonable fees and costs determined by the court to be due the receiver, which fees and costs may be recovered from the rents or payments for use and occupancy under the control of the receiver, provided no such fees or costs shall be recovered until after payment for current taxes, electric, gas, telephone and water service and heating oil deliveries has been made. The owner, agent, lessor or manager shall be liable to the petitioner for reasonable attorney’s fees and costs incurred by the petitioner, provided no such fees or costs shall be recovered until after payment for current taxes, electric, gas, telephone and water service and heating oil deliveries has been made and after payments of reasonable fees and costs to the receiver. Any moneys remaining thereafter shall be used to pay the delinquent real property taxes and any money remaining thereafter shall be paid to such parties as the court may direct after notice to the parties with an interest in the rent or payment for use and occupancy of the property and after a hearing. The court may order an accounting to be made at such times as it determines to be just, reasonable and necessary.

(b) Any receivership established pursuant to subsection (a) shall be terminated by the court upon its finding that the tax delinquency which was the subject of the original petition has been satisfied.

(c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the petitioner from pursuing any other action or remedy at law or equity that it may have against the owner, agent, lessor or manager.

(d) Any owner, agent, lessor or manager who collects or attempts to collect any rent or payment for use and occupancy from any occupant of a building subject to an order appointing a receiver shall be found, after due notice and hearing, to be in contempt of court.

(e) If a proceeding is initiated pursuant to sections 47a-14a to 47a-14h, inclusive, or sections 47a-56 to 47a-56i, inclusive, or if a receiver of rents is appointed pursuant to chapter 735a or pursuant to any other action involving the making of repairs to real property under court supervision, rent or use and occupancy payments shall be made pursuant to such proceeding or action without regard to whether such proceeding or action is initiated before or after a receivership is established under this section, and such proceeding or action shall take priority over a receivership established under this section in regard to expenditure of such rent or use and occupancy payments.

(f) If a receiver of rents or payments for use and occupancy is appointed pursuant to section 16-262f prior to the date a receivership is established under this section, rent or use and occupancy payments shall be made pursuant to said section 16-262f and the receivership established pursuant to said section 16-262f shall take priority over a receivership established under this section in regard to expenditure of such rent or use and occupancy payments provided the receiver appointed under said section 16-262f gives notice of such appointment to the chief executive official of the municipality where the residential dwelling is located.

(P.A. 95-353, S. 1.)

Sec. 12-164. Tax uncollectible after fifteen years. Interest on improvement liens. (a) No payment of taxes shall be enforced by any collector or other proper officer against any person, persons or corporation against which they are respectively levied except within fifteen years after the due date of the tax. The provisions of this section shall be retroactive. The fifteen-year limitation shall not apply to improvement liens except those which have been released of record prior to July 18, 1945. Collectors shall compute interest on improvement liens for a period of not more than fifteen years, and at a rate, after July 18, 1945, and retroactively, not exceeding twelve per cent per annum, any provision of any special act to the contrary notwithstanding. The term “improvement lien” as used herein includes municipal liens for repairs and services.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, liens filed under the provisions of section 12-129n shall be valid without any limitation of time.

(1949 Rev., S. 1845; 1969, P.A. 583, S. 1; P.A. 76-322, S. 1, 27; P.A. 99-283, S. 6, 10.)

History: 1969 act increased interest rate from 6% to 9% per year; P.A. 76-322 increased interest rate to 12%; P.A. 99-233 added new Subsec. (b) re time for validity of liens filed under Sec. 12-129n and designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a).

Sec. 12-165. Municipal suspense tax book. Each municipality shall have a suspense tax book. At least once in each year each collector of taxes in each municipality shall deliver to the board of finance or other similar board by whatever name called or, if no such board exists, to the board of selectmen if a town not consolidated with a city or borough, to the common council or board of aldermen if a city, to the warden and burgesses if a borough and to the governing board if any other municipality, a statement giving by rate bill: (1) The amount of each old age assistance tax unpaid on the old age assistance tax rate books of each municipality as of July 1, 1953, which amount shall be transferred to the old age assistance suspense tax book, except that it shall not be necessary to comply with the foregoing provisions of this chapter relating to such transfers and the provisions of subdivisions (2), (3) and (5) of this section; the amount of each uncollectible personal property tax and the amount of uncollectible balance of each real estate tax which remains after crediting such tax with the proceeds obtained from a tax sale or lien sale of the real estate represented by such tax and which balance cannot be collected by any other means; (2) the name and address of the person against whom each such tax was levied, and (3) the reason why such collector believes each such tax is uncollectible. At the end of such statement, the tax collector shall certify that, to the best of his knowledge and belief, each tax contained in such statement has not been paid and is uncollectible. A detailed examination shall be made by the authority to which such statement has been given of each tax shown thereon and, after such examination, it shall designate in writing each tax which is believed by it to be uncollectible. Thereupon, each tax so designated as uncollectible shall be transferred by such collector to the suspense tax book. (4) Opposite each tax in the appropriate rate bill shall be placed the following words: “Suspense Tax Book .... day of ...., 20..”, together with the name of the tax collector who transferred such tax to the suspense tax book. Each tax so transferred shall not thereafter be included as an asset of such municipality. (5) The amount of each tax so transferred during the last fiscal year and the name of the person against whom each such tax was levied shall be published in the next annual report of such municipality or filed in the town clerk’s office within sixty days of the end of the fiscal year. (6) Nothing herein contained shall be construed as an abatement of any tax so transferred, but any such tax, as it has been increased by interest or penalty, fees and charges, may be collected by the collector then or subsequently in office. The provisions of section 12-147 shall be applicable to all moneys so collected.

(1949 Rev., S. 1846; 1953, S. 1079d; 1961, P.A. 484, S. 2; P.A. 97-83.)

History: 1961 act added alternative of filing in town clerk’s office in Subdiv. (5); P.A. 97-83 added provision requiring tax collectors to include in the municipal suspense book unpaid property tax balances remaining after a lien sale. (Revisor’s note: In 2001 the reference in this section to the date “19..” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “20..” to reflect the new millennium).

Sec. 12-166. Powers and duties of collector. Unless the context otherwise requires, “tax”, wherever used in this section, includes each property tax and each installment and part thereof due to a municipality, as such tax may have been increased by interest, penalties, fees and charges, including collection fees of a collection agency and attorneys’ fees, provided such attorneys’ fees shall be limited to those ordered by the court in any court action or proceeding brought to recover such tax. Each collector of taxes of each municipality may collect any tax at any time by authority of any present or future legislation providing for the collection of any tax and said collector may photostat the receipted bills of such collected taxes. Each collector of taxes of each municipality shall, within a reasonable period after each unpaid tax, or the first installment thereof in case installment payments have been authorized, has become due and payable, exclusive of each lawful abatement, exclusive of each lawful deduction because of a correction which has been made under the provisions of any legislation providing for corrections of taxes, exclusive of each uncollectible tax which has been lawfully transferred to the suspense tax book under the provisions of section 12-165, exclusive of each uncollectible tax removed under the provisions of section 12-164 and exclusive of each uncollectible tax removed from the rate bills under the provisions of section 12-195, proceed to collect such tax as it has been increased by interest, penalties, fees and charges and shall, when collection has been made, pay the same, together with all interest, penalties, fees and charges, to the treasurer of the municipality served by him.

(1949 Rev., S. 1847; February, 1965, P.A. 16; 1969, P.A. 461; P.A. 93-318, S. 2.)

History: 1965 act allowed collectors to photostat receipted bills of collected taxes; 1969 act included attorneys fees in definition of “tax”; P.A. 93-318 included collection fees of a collection agency in the definition of “tax”.

Municipality entitled to include collection agency’s fees when seeking to collect delinquent taxes, without having to establish relationship between amount of such fees and specific services that agency performed regarding the delinquent taxpayer or taxes. 272 C. 489.

Sec. 12-167. Reports of tax collectors. Each tax collector, at the end of each fiscal year of his town, city, borough, district or other municipality, shall forthwith deliver to the board of finance or other similar board by whatever name called or, if no such board exists, to the board of selectmen of a town not consolidated with a city or borough, to the common council or board of aldermen of a city, to the board of burgesses of a borough or to the executive committee of any other district, a certified statement containing: (1) The total amount of unpaid taxes on each rate bill at the beginning of the fiscal year just completed and the total amount of taxes on each rate bill which has become due during such fiscal year; (2) the total amount collected on each rate bill separated in such manner as not only to show the taxes, interest, penalties and lien and other fees collected during such fiscal year but also to show what part thereof has been paid into the municipal treasury and what part is in his possession at the end of such fiscal year; (3) the total amount of uncollected taxes on each rate bill on the last day of the fiscal year just completed; (4) the total amount of taxes lawfully abated during such fiscal year, together with a schedule showing the amount of each such tax abatement, the name of the person against whom such tax so abated was levied and the reason for each such abatement; (5) the total additions to and deductions from each rate bill on account of lawful corrections made during such fiscal year, together with a schedule showing the amount of each such correction, the name of the taxpayer concerned, the reason for the correction and the authority therefor; and (6) the total amount of taxes on each rate bill transferred to the suspense tax book during such fiscal year, and a statement that the total uncollected taxes on each such rate bill on the last day of the fiscal year just completed agree with a detailed listing of uncollected taxes still appearing in each such rate bill. Such statement of the collector shall be printed in the municipal report next published, except that it shall not be necessary to include therein the list of abatements granted on account of veterans’ exemptions and except that the schedule required in subdivision (5) and the statement required in subdivision (6) of this section may, in lieu of inclusion in such report, be filed in the office of the town clerk within sixty days of the end of the fiscal year. The list of such abatements shall be included in the annual audit report.

(1949 Rev., S. 1848; 1953, S. 1080d; 1961, P.A. 484, S. 3; 1971, P.A. 82.)

History: 1961 act added exception regarding filing of statement required in Subdiv. (6) in town clerk’s office; 1971 act permitted filing of schedule in Subdiv. (5) in town clerk’s office in lieu of inclusion in report.

Sec. 12-167a. Affidavit concerning facts within personal knowledge of affiant re giving of notice of tax sales. Recording and indexing. A tax collector or his agent, or a grantee of a tax collector’s deed, or the heirs, successors or assigns of such grantee, may execute and swear to an affidavit concerning facts within the personal knowledge of such affiant concerning the means of giving notice to any person affected by a tax sale, to which may be attached (1) copies or facsimiles of notices given under section 12-157, (2) copies of any notice subsequently given to any person to confirm that such person has received written notice of the pendency or occurrence of a sale of real property, and (3) copies of postal receipts reproduced by photographic, xerographic or similar means, which shall contain a legal description of the real property affected thereby and the name, for indexing purposes, of the then current owner or owners of record. Such affidavit may be recorded in the land records of the town in which the real property is situated, and shall be indexed by the town clerk in the name of the record owner or owners stated therein. If so recorded, and if the affiant is deceased or otherwise not available to testify in court, then such affidavit or a certified copy thereof is admissible as prima facie evidence of the facts stated in it, so far as those facts affect title to real estate in any action involving the title to that real estate or any interest in it.

(May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4, S. 46, 85; P.A. 95-160, S. 64, 69.)

History: May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4, S. 46, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-160 revised effective date of May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4 but without affecting this section.

Sec. 12-168. Tax collector not personally liable in the absence of negligence or wilful misconduct. Whenever used herein, the “municipality” has the meaning given to it in section 12-141 and “tax moneys” include the receipts from each property tax or assessment, and each installment and part thereof due a municipality, with any interest or other lawful charges incident thereto. The tax collector of any municipality in this state shall not be held personally liable for the loss of any tax moneys collected by him when he has performed all of the duties required of him by statute pertaining to such tax moneys and when such loss is not due to negligence or wilful misconduct on his part.

(1949 Rev., S. 1849.)

See Sec. 12-154 re proceedings against negligent tax collector.

Sec. 12-169. Payment of taxes due on Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday. When the final day for payment of any tax occurs on Saturday, Sunday or a legal holiday, payment may be made without interest or penalty on the following business day.

(1949 Rev., S. 1850; February, 1965, P.A. 26.)

History: 1965 act included payment on business days following Saturdays which are final days for payment.

See Sec. 12-39a re payment date for state taxes when last date is Saturday, Sunday or holiday.

Sec. 12-169a. Motor vehicle property tax check-off for local scholarship fund. (a) A municipality, by ordinance adopted by its legislative body, may establish a local scholarship fund to provide financial assistance for postsecondary education for residents of the municipality.

(b) Any municipality which establishes a local scholarship fund pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall establish a scholarship committee or designate an existing committee in the municipality to select, annually, the scholarship recipients.

(c) A municipality may redesign and designate a place on its municipal motor vehicle property tax bill for taxpayers to check off amounts to donate to the local scholarship fund. The redesign of such tax bill shall be done so as to allow a taxpayer to voluntarily check off and donate an amount of at least one dollar. The donated amount shall not reduce the tax liability but shall be in addition to the amount otherwise due and payable. The redesign of the motor vehicle property tax bill shall be approved by the Office of Policy and Management prior to its use. The municipality may include an insert with its motor vehicle property tax bills which explains the scholarship fund and the check-off provision to the taxpayer. The town treasurer shall deposit all moneys collected as a result of the check-off in the fund and the treasurer may accept donations from other sources for purposes of the fund.

(P.A. 00-222.)

Sec. 12-169b. Addition of municipal expenses to property taxes for real estate violating health, safety or housing codes. If a municipality does not file a lien under any provisions of the general statutes to recover costs for the inspection, repair, demolition, removal or other disposition of any real estate in order to secure such real estate or to make it safe and sanitary, pursuant to any provision of the general statutes or municipal building, health, housing or safety codes or regulations, then such municipality may assess the amount of such costs against the real estate upon which such cost was incurred. Upon certification by the municipal agency incurring such cost of the assessment amount due and owing reasonably related to the municipality’s actual cost, the tax collector shall add the amount of such assessment to the extent unpaid to the taxes due on such real estate and such amount shall become a part of the taxes to be collected at the same time and shall bear interest at such rates and in such manner as provided for delinquent taxes in accordance with section 12-146. Any amount added to the assessment under this section shall constitute a lien upon the real estate against for which the amount was imposed from the date such amount was due. Each such lien may be continued, recorded and released in the manner provided by the general statutes for continuing, recording and releasing property tax liens. Each such lien may be enforced in the same manner as property tax liens. Any agency of a municipality that incurs costs that have been assessed against real estate under this section shall maintain a current record of all real estate with respect to which such costs remain unpaid in the office of such municipal agency. Such record shall be available for inspection by the public.

(P.A. 06-185, S. 6.)

See Sec. 7-148ff re special assessment on blighted housing.

Sec. 12-170. Penalty for official misconduct. Each assessor, member of the board of assessment appeals, selectman, committee or collector, who does any unlawful act or omits to do any necessary act connected with the levy, assessment or collection of any tax, shall forfeit fifty dollars to the person aggrieved thereby, to be collected by such person in an action on this statute; and each collector who charges or receives any illegal fees shall, in addition to said sum of fifty dollars, also forfeit double the amount of such illegal fees to the person aggrieved, to be collected as aforesaid.

(1949 Rev., S. 1851; P.A. 95-283, S. 61, 68.)

History: P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995.

Plaintiff taxpayers could not recover penalty against members of board of assessors whose assessment had been held illegal as they did not prove they were “aggrieved”, i.e. injuriously affected in their property or other legal rights. 5 Conn. Cir. Ct. 193.