CHAPTER 556
LABOR DEPARTMENT

Table of Contents

Sec. 31-2d. Office of Workforce Competitiveness. Orders. Regulations.
Sec. 31-3c. Job training program for specific employers.
Sec. 31-3h. Connecticut Employment and Training Commission: Duties. Report.
Sec. 31-3k. Regional work force development boards: Duties and responsibilities.
Sec. 31-3pp. Subsidized Training and Employment program.

      Sec. 31-2d. Office of Workforce Competitiveness. Orders. Regulations. Any order or regulation of the Office of Workforce Competitiveness affecting the functions, powers, duties and obligations set forth in this section and sections 4-124w, 4-124z, 4-124bb, 4-124ff, 4-124gg, 4-124hh, 4-124tt, 4-124uu and 4-124vv which is in force on July 1, 2011, shall continue in force and effect as an order or regulation of the Labor Department until amended, repealed or superseded pursuant to law. Where any orders or regulations of said office and said department conflict, the Labor Commissioner may implement policies and procedures consistent with the provisions of this section and sections 4-124w, 4-124z, 4-124bb, 4-124ff, 4-124gg, 4-124hh, 4-124tt, 4-124uu, 4-124vv, 10-95h, 10a-11b, 10a-19d, 31-3h, 31-3k, 31-11cc and 31-11dd while in the process of adopting the policy or procedure in regulation form, provided notice of intention to adopt regulations is printed in the Connecticut Law Journal not later than twenty days after implementation. The policy or procedure shall be valid until the time final regulations are effective.

      (P.A. 11-48, S. 77.)

      History: P.A. 11-48 effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 31-3c. Job training program for specific employers. The Labor Commissioner, with the approval of the Commissioners of Economic and Community Development and Education, shall establish a customized job training program for preemployment and postemployment job training for the purpose of meeting the labor requirements of manufacturing or economic base businesses, as defined in subsection (l) of section 32-222*, and shall implement such job training program. Such job training program shall include training designed to increase the basic skills of employees, including, but not limited to, training in written and oral communication, mathematics or science, or training in technical and technological skills. The Labor Commissioner shall use funds appropriated to the Labor Department for vocational and manpower training in carrying out such job training program, except that not more than four per cent of such funds may be used to pay the cost of its administration. Upon receipt of a request for job training pursuant to this section, the Labor Commissioner shall notify the president of the Board of Regents for Higher Education, or his or her designee, of such request. The president, or his or her designee, shall determine if a training program exists or can be designed at a regional community-technical college to meet such training need and shall notify the Labor Commissioner of such determination. The Labor Commissioner shall to the extent possible make arrangements for the participation of the regional community-technical colleges, the Connecticut State University System, other institutions of higher education, other postsecondary institutions, adult education programs, opportunities industrialization centers and state regional vocational-technical schools in implementing the program. Nothing in this section shall preclude the Labor Commissioner from considering or choosing other providers to meet such training need. Nothing in this section shall preclude an employer from considering or choosing other providers to meet the training needs of such employer, provided the Labor Commissioner approves such employer's use of such other providers. For the period from July 1, 1996, to June 30, 1999, the Labor Commissioner, or his or her designee, the chancellor of the community-technical colleges and the chairpersons of the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education shall meet semiannually to review actions taken pursuant to this section and section 32-6j.

      (P.A. 77-370, S. 2, 13; 77-614, S. 284, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 82-218, S. 39, 46; P.A. 89-260, S. 39, 41; P.A. 91-256, S. 66, 69; P.A. 92-126, S. 31, 48; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-190, S. 1, 8; 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 99-236, S. 1; P.A. 11-48, S. 283.)

      *Note: Former Subsec. (l) of Sec. 32-222 was deleted by section 2 of public act 08-34.


      History: P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 replaced commissioner of commerce with commissioner of economic development, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 82-218 replaced state colleges with the Connecticut State University pursuant to reorganization of higher education system, effective March 1, 1983; P.A. 89-260 substituted "regional technical colleges" for "state technical colleges"; P.A. 91-256 made a technical change; P.A. 92-126 changed the references to community colleges and technical colleges to reference to community-technical colleges; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 96-190 added provisions concerning notification to the chancellor of the regional community-technical colleges, or his designee, and the determination by the chancellor or designee of the availability of a program at a community-technical college, increased the types of institutions the Labor Commissioner is required, to the extent possible, to make arrangements for participation in the program, specified that the Labor Commissioner is not precluded from choosing other providers and added provision for semiannual meetings to review actions taken pursuant to this section and Sec. 32-6j, effective July 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: A reference to "Commissioner of Labor" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Labor Commissioner" for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 99-236 provided for customized job training for the labor requirements of manufacturing or economic base businesses, provided specifications for such training, provided for participation of opportunities industrialization centers, and added a provision regarding employers choosing other job training providers; P.A. 11-48 replaced "chancellor of the regional community-technical colleges" with "president of the Board of Regents for Higher Education" and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 31-3h. Connecticut Employment and Training Commission: Duties. Report. (a) There is created, within the Labor Department, the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission.

      (b) The duties and responsibilities of the commission shall include:

      (1) Carrying out the duties and responsibilities of a state job training coordinating council pursuant to the federal Job Training Partnership Act, 29 USC 1532, as amended, a state human resource investment council pursuant to 29 USC 1501 et seq., as amended, and such other related entities as the Governor may direct;

      (2) Reviewing all employment and training programs in the state to determine their success in leading to and obtaining the goal of economic self-sufficiency and to determine if such programs are serving the needs of Connecticut's workers, employers and economy;

      (3) Developing a plan for the coordination of all employment and training programs in the state to avoid duplication and to promote the delivery of comprehensive, individualized employment and training services. The plan shall contain the commission's recommendations for policies and procedures to enhance the coordination and collaboration of all such programs and shall be submitted on June 1, 2000, and annually thereafter, to the Governor for the Governor's approval;

      (4) Reviewing and commenting on all employment and training programs enacted by the General Assembly;

      (5) Implementing the federal Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220, as from time to time amended. Such implementation shall include (A) developing, in consultation with the regional workforce development boards, a single Connecticut workforce development plan that (i) complies with the provisions of said act and section 31-11p, and (ii) includes comprehensive state performance measures for workforce development activities specified in Title I of the federal Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220, as from time to time amended, which performance measures comply with the requirements of 20 CFR Part 666.100, (B) preparing and submitting a report on the state's progress in achieving such performance measures to the Governor and the General Assembly annually on January thirty-first, (C) making recommendations to the General Assembly concerning the allocation of funds received by the state under said act and making recommendations to the regional workforce development boards concerning the use of formulas in allocating such funds to adult employment and job training activities and youth activities, as specified in said act, (D) providing oversight and coordination of the state-wide employment statistics system required by said act, (E) as appropriate, recommending to the Governor that the Governor apply for workforce flexibility plans and waiver authority under said act, after consultation with the regional workforce development boards, (F) developing performance criteria for regional workforce development boards to utilize in creating a list of eligible providers, and (G) on or before December 31, 1999, developing a uniform individual training accounts voucher system that shall be used by the regional workforce development boards to pay for training of eligible workers by eligible providers, as required under said act;

      (6) Developing and overseeing a plan for the continuous improvement of the regional workforce development boards established pursuant to section 31-3k;

      (7) Developing incumbent worker, and vocational and manpower training programs, including customized job training programs to enhance the productivity of Connecticut businesses and to increase the skills and earnings of underemployed and at-risk workers, and other programs administered by the regional workforce development boards. The Labor Department, in collaboration with the regional workforce development boards, shall implement any incumbent worker and customized job training programs developed by the commission pursuant to this subdivision; and

      (8) Developing a strategy for providing comprehensive services to eligible youths, which strategy shall include developing youth preapprentice and apprentice programs through, but not limited to, regional vocational-technical schools, and improving linkages between academic and occupational learning and other youth development activities.

      (c) On January 31, 2000, and annually thereafter, the Connecticut Employment and Training Commission shall submit to the Governor and the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations, education, labor and social services a report on the progress made by the commission in carrying out its duties and responsibilities during the preceding year and the commission's goals and objectives for the current year.

      (P.A. 89-292, S. 1, 6; P.A. 94-116, S. 20, 28; P.A. 97-263, S. 1; P.A. 99-195, S. 2, 15; P.A. 00-192, S. 21, 102; P.A. 01-42, S. 1, 3; P.A. 03-19, S. 72; P.A. 06-196, S. 159; P.A. 11-48, S. 92.)

      History: P.A. 94-116 added a reference to state human resource investment council, effective July 1, 1994; (Revisor's note: In 1997 a reference in Subsec. (a) to "Department of Labor" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Labor Department" for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 97-263 added Subsec. (b)(4) expanding duties to include reviewing and commenting on employment and training programs enacted by the General Assembly; P.A. 99-195 made technical changes, amended Subsec. (b) to expand commission's duties to include implementation of federal Workforce Investment Act of 1998 in new Subdiv. (5), development and overseeing of plan for improving regional workforce development boards in new Subdiv. (6), development of incumbent worker, and vocational and manpower training programs in new Subdiv. (7) and development of strategy for providing comprehensive youth services in new Subdiv. (8) and amended Subsec. (c) to extend the commission's deadline for submitting its annual progress report and require submission of such report to committees with cognizance of matters relating to appropriations, education, labor and social services, effective June 23, 1999; P.A. 00-192 amended Subsec. (a) by transferring commission from Labor Department to Office of Workforce Competitiveness, effective July 1, 2000 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (a), a reference to "section 7 of this act" was deemed by the Revisors to be a reference to section 19 which established the Office of Workforce Competitiveness, and codified accordingly as section "4-124w", for accuracy); P.A. 01-42 amended Subsec. (b)(5)(B) by changing reference to "on or before said date and annually thereafter" to "annually on January thirty-first", effective May 31, 2001; P.A. 03-19 made technical changes in Subsec. (b)(5)(A)(ii), effective May 12, 2003; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsec. (b)(8), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing "Office of Workforce Competitiveness" with "Labor Department", effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 31-3k. Regional work force development boards: Duties and responsibilities. (a) There is established within the Labor Department a regional work force development board for each work force development region in the state. Each board shall assess the needs and priorities for investing in the development of human resources within the region and shall coordinate a broad range of employment, education, training and related services that shall be focused on client-centered, lifelong learning and shall be responsive to the needs of local business, industry, the region, its municipalities and its citizens.

      (b) Each board, within its region, shall:

      (1) Carry out the duties and responsibilities of a private industry council under the Job Training Partnership Act, provided the private industry council within the region elects by a vote of its members to become a board and the Labor Commissioner approves the council as a regional work force development board.

      (2) Within existing resources and consistent with the state employment and training information system and any guidelines issued by the commissioner under subsection (b) of section 31-2, and with the annual plan developed by the commission under section 31-3h and approved by the Governor, (A) assess regional needs and identify regional priorities for employment and training programs, including, but not limited to, an assessment of the special employment needs of unskilled and low-skilled unemployed persons, including persons receiving state-administered general assistance or short-term unemployment assistance, (B) conduct planning for regional employment and training programs, (C) coordinate such programs to ensure that the programs respond to the needs of labor, business and industry, municipalities within the region, the region as a whole, and all of its citizens, (D) serve as a clearinghouse for information on all employment and training programs in the region, (E) prepare and submit an annual plan containing the board's priorities and goals for regional employment and training programs to the commissioner and the commission for their review and approval, (F) review grant proposals and plans submitted to state agencies for employment and training programs that directly affect the region to determine whether such proposals and plans are consistent with the annual regional plan prepared under subparagraph (E) of this subdivision and inform the commission and each state agency concerned of the results of the review, (G) evaluate the effectiveness of employment and training programs within the region in meeting the goals contained in the annual regional plan prepared under subparagraph (E) of this subdivision and report its findings to the commissioner and the commission on an annual basis, (H) ensure the effective use of available employment and training resources in the region, and (I) allocate funds where applicable for program operations in the region.

      (3) Provide information to the commissioner concerning (A) all employment and training programs, grants or funds to be effective or available in the region in the following program year, (B) the source and purpose of such programs, grants or funds, (C) the projected amount of such programs, grants or funds, (D) persons, organizations and institutions eligible to participate in such programs or receive such grants or funds, (E) characteristics of clients eligible to receive services pursuant to such programs, grants or funds, (F) the range of services available pursuant to such programs, grants or funds, (G) goals of such programs, grants or funds, (H) where applicable, schedules for submitting requests for proposals, planning instructions, proposals and plans, in connection with such programs, grants or funds, (I) the program period for such programs, grants or funds, and (J) any other data relating to such programs, grants or funds that the commissioner or the commission deems essential for effective state planning.

      (4) Carry out the duties and responsibilities of the local board for purposes of the federal Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220, as from time to time amended.

      (5) Establish a worker training education committee comprised of persons from the education and business communities within the region, including, but not limited to, regional community-technical colleges and regional vocational-technical schools.

      (c) Each board shall make use of grants or contracts with appropriate service providers to furnish all program services under sections 31-3j to 31-3r, inclusive, unless the commission concurs with the board that direct provision of a service by the board is necessary to assure adequate availability of the service or that a service of comparable quality can be provided more economically by the board. Any board seeking to provide services directly shall include in the annual regional plan submitted to the commissioner and the commission under subparagraph (E) of subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of this section its plan to provide services directly and appropriate justification for the need to do so. When the decision to provide services directly must be made between annual planning cycles, the board shall submit to the commissioner and the commission a plan of service and appropriate justification for the need to provide services directly. Such plan of service shall be subject to review and approval by the commission.

      (d) On October 1, 2002, and annually thereafter, each board shall submit to the Labor Department comprehensive performance measures detailing the results of any education, employment or job training program or activity funded by moneys allocated to the board, including, but not limited to, programs and activities specified in the federal Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220, as from time to time amended. Such performance measures shall include, but shall not be limited to, the identity and performance of any vendor that enters into a contract with the board to conduct, manage or assist with such programs or activities, the costs associated with such programs or activities, the number, gender and race of persons served by such programs or activities, the number, gender and race of persons completing such programs or activities, occupational skill types, the number, gender and race of persons who enter unsubsidized employment upon completion of such programs or activities, the number, gender and race of persons who remain in unsubsidized employment six months later and the earnings received by such persons.

      (P.A. 92-145, S. 2, 10; P.A. 93-134, S. 1; P.A. 99-195, S. 4, 15; P.A. 01-97; P.A. 04-76, S. 33; P.A. 11-48, S. 93.)

      History: P.A. 93-134 amended Subsec. (b)(1) to provide that a regional work force development board shall not automatically replace a private industry council, rather the members of the private industry council shall vote on, and the labor commissioner shall approve of, such replacement; P.A. 99-195 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), adding Subdivs. (4) and (5) requiring boards to carry out duties and responsibilities of local boards for purposes of the federal Workforce Investment Act of 1998 and to establish worker training education committees, effective June 23, 1999; P.A. 01-97 added Subsec. (d) re reporting of comprehensive performance measures to the Office of Workforce Competitiveness; P.A. 04-76 amended Subsec. (b)(2)(A) by replacing reference to "general assistance" with reference to "state-administered general assistance"; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (d) by replacing "Office of Workforce Competitiveness" with "Labor Department", effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 31-3pp. Subsidized Training and Employment program. (a) For purposes of this section:

      (1) "Department" means the Labor Department;

      (2) "Eligible small business" means a business that (A) employed not more than fifty full-time employees on at least fifty per cent of its working days during the preceding twelve months, (B) is a Connecticut-based business with operations in Connecticut, (C) has been registered to conduct business in this state for not less than twelve months, and (D) is in good standing with the payment of all state and local taxes. "Eligible small business" does not include a retailer, as defined in section 42-371;

      (3) "Control", with respect to a corporation, means ownership, directly or indirectly, of stock possessing fifty per cent or more of the total combined voting power of all classes of the stock of such corporation entitled to vote. "Control", with respect to a trust, means ownership, directly or indirectly, of fifty per cent or more of the beneficial interest in the principal or income of such trust. The ownership of stock in a corporation, of a capital or profits interest in a partnership, limited liability company or association or of a beneficial interest in a trust shall be determined in accordance with the rules for constructive ownership of stock provided in Section 267(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, other than paragraph (3) of said Section 267(c);

      (4) "Related person" means (A) a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association or trust controlled by the eligible small business, (B) an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association or trust that is in control of the eligible small business, (C) a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association or trust controlled by an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association or trust that is in control of the eligible small business, or (D) a member of the same controlled group as the eligible small business;

      (5) "Eligible small manufacturer" means an eligible small business described in sectors 31 to 33, inclusive, of the North American Industry Classification System, that employed not more than fifty employees on at least fifty per cent of its working days during the preceding twelve months.

      (b) (1) There is established within the Labor Department a Subsidized Training and Employment program for eligible small businesses and eligible small manufacturers. Said program shall provide grants to such businesses and manufacturers to subsidize, for the first six months after a person is hired, a part of the cost of employment, including any costs related to training. No such business or manufacturer receiving a grant under this section with respect to a new employee or newly hired person may receive a second grant under this section with respect to the same new employee or newly hired person.

      (2) The department may use up to four per cent of any funds allocated pursuant to section 5 of public act 11-1 of the October special session* for the purpose of retaining outside consultants to administer the Subsidized Training and Employment program.

      (c) (1) An eligible small business may apply to the department for a grant to subsidize on-the-job training and compensation for a new employee, where "new employee" means a person who (A) was unemployed immediately prior to employment, regardless of whether such person collected unemployment compensation benefits as a result of such unemployment, (B) is a resident of a municipality that has (i) an unemployment rate that is equal to or higher than the state unemployment rate as of September 1, 2011, or (ii) a population of eighty thousand or more, and (C) has a family income equal to or less than two hundred fifty per cent of the federal poverty level, adjusted for family size. "New employee" does not include a person who was employed in this state by a related person with respect to the eligible small business during the prior twelve months.

      (2) Grants to eligible small businesses under the Subsidized Training and Employment program shall be in the following amounts: (A) For the first full calendar month a new employee is employed, one hundred per cent of an amount representing the hourly wage of such new employee, exclusive of any benefits, but in no event shall such amount exceed twenty dollars per hour; (B) for the second and third full calendar months, seventy-five per cent of such amount; (C) for the fourth and fifth full calendar months, fifty per cent of such amount; and (D) for the sixth full calendar month, twenty-five per cent of such amount. Grants shall be cancelled as of the date the new employee leaves employment with the eligible small business.

      (d) (1) An eligible small manufacturer may apply to the department for a grant to be used to train and compensate persons newly hired by such manufacturer. Any training shall be provided by such manufacturer, and take place on such manufacturer's premises, but no existing formal training program shall be required. The department shall review and approve such manufacturer's description of the proposed training as part of the application.

      (2) Grants awarded to an eligible small manufacturer pursuant to this subsection shall subsidize the costs of training and compensating each person newly hired by such manufacturer. In no event shall a grant exceed the salary of the newly hired person. Maximum amounts of each grant are: For the first full calendar month a newly hired person is employed, up to two thousand five hundred dollars; for the second month, up to two thousand four hundred dollars; for the third month, up to two thousand two hundred dollars; for the fourth month, up to two thousand dollars; for the fifth month, up to one thousand eight hundred dollars; and for the sixth month, up to one thousand six hundred dollars. No grant shall exceed a total amount of twelve thousand five hundred dollars per newly hired person. A grant may be cancelled as of the date such person leaves employment with the eligible small manufacturer.

      (e) Not later than June 30, 2012, and every six months thereafter, the Labor Commissioner shall provide a report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to finance, revenue and bonding, appropriations, commerce and labor. Said report shall include available data on (1) the number of small businesses that participated in the Subsidized Training and Employment program established pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, and the general categories of such businesses, (2) the number of small manufacturers that participated in the Subsidized Training and Employment program established pursuant to subsection (d) of this section, and the general categories of such manufacturers, (3) the number of individuals that received employment, and (4) the most recent estimate of the number of jobs created or maintained.

      (f) The Labor Commissioner may adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to carry out the provisions of this section.

      (Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 11-1, S. 4.)

      *Note: Section 5 of public act 11-1 of the October special session is special in nature and therefore has not been codified but remains in full force and effect according to its terms.


      History: Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 11-1 effective October 27, 2011.

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