CHAPTER 446d
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

Table of Contents

Sec. 22a-207. (Formerly Sec. 19-524a). Definitions.
Sec. 22a-226e. Recycling of source-separated organic materials. Report.
Sec. 22a-245a. Special account of deposit initiator. Reimbursement payment. Reports. Deposit in General Fund. Subtraction of deficiency. Examination. Enforcement. Treatment as tax. Credit for containers donated for charitable purpose.
Sec. 22a-245b. Exemption for small manufacturers re beverage containers containing noncarbonated beverages. Application. Approval.

      Sec. 22a-207. (Formerly Sec. 19-524a). Definitions. For the purposes of this chapter and chapter 103b:

      (1) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection or his authorized agent;

      (2) "Department" means the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection;

      (3) "Solid waste" means unwanted or discarded solid, liquid, semisolid or contained gaseous material, including, but not limited to, demolition debris, material burned or otherwise processed at a resources recovery facility or incinerator, material processed at a recycling facility and sludges or other residue from a water pollution abatement facility, water supply treatment plant or air pollution control facility;

      (4) "Solid waste facility" means any solid waste disposal area, volume reduction plant, transfer station, wood-burning facility or biomedical waste treatment facility;

      (5) "Volume reduction plant" means any location or structure, whether located on land or water, where more than two thousand pounds per hour of solid waste generated elsewhere may be reduced in volume, including but not limited to, resources recovery facilities and other incinerators, recycling facilities, pulverizers, compactors, shredders, balers and composting facilities;

      (6) "Solid waste disposal area" means any location, including a landfill or other land disposal site, used for the disposal of more than ten cubic yards of solid waste. For purposes of this subdivision, "disposal" means the placement of material at a location with the intent to leave it at such location indefinitely, or to fail to remove material from a location within forty-five days, but does not mean the placement of material required to be recycled under section 22a-241b in a location on the premises of a recycling facility, provided such facility is in compliance with all requirements of state or federal law and any permits required thereunder;

      (7) "Recycling" means the processing of solid waste to reclaim material therefrom;

      (8) "Recycling facility" or "recycling center" means land and appurtenances thereon and structures where recycling is conducted, including but not limited to, an intermediate processing center as defined in section 22a-260;

      (9) "Resources recovery facility" means a facility utilizing processes to reclaim energy from municipal solid waste;

      (10) "Transfer station" means any location or structure, whether located on land or water, where more than ten cubic yards of solid waste, generated elsewhere, may be stored for transfer or transferred from transportation units and placed in other transportation units for movement to another location, whether or not such waste is stored at the location prior to transfer;

      (11) "Municipality" means any town, city or borough within the state;

      (12) "Municipal authority" means the local governing body having legal jurisdiction over solid waste management within its corporate limits which shall be, in the case of any municipality which adopts a charter provision or ordinance pursuant to section 7-273aa, the municipal resource recovery authority;

      (13) "Regional authority" means the administrative body delegated the responsibility of solid waste management for two or more municipalities which have joined together by creating a district or signing an interlocal agreement or signing a mutual contract for a definitive period of time;

      (14) "Region" means two or more municipalities which have joined together by creating a district or signing an interlocal agreement or signing a mutual contract for a definite period of time concerning solid waste management within such municipalities;

      (15) "Solid waste management plan" means an administrative and financial plan for an area which considers solid waste storage, collection, transportation, volume reduction, recycling, reclamation and disposal practices for a twenty-year period, or extensions thereof;

      (16) "Municipal collection" means solid waste collection from all residents thereof by a municipal authority;

      (17) "Contract collection" means collection by a private collector under a formal agreement with a municipal authority in which the rights and duties of the respective parties are set forth;

      (18) "Solid waste planning region" means those municipalities within the defined boundaries of regional planning agencies or as prescribed in the state solid waste management plan;

      (19) "Biomedical waste" means infectious waste, pathological waste and chemotherapy waste generated during the administration of medical care or the performance of medical research involving humans or animals and which, because of its quantity, character or composition, has been determined by the commissioner to require special handling but excluding any solid waste which has been classified by the department as a hazardous waste pursuant to section 22a-115 or is a radioactive material regulated pursuant to section 22a-148;

      (20) "Generator of biomedical waste" means any person who owns or operates a facility that produces biomedical waste in any quantity, including, but not limited to the following: General hospitals, skilled nursing facilities or convalescent hospitals, intermediate care facilities, chronic dialysis clinics, free clinics, health maintenance organizations, surgical clinics, acute psychiatric hospitals, laboratories, medical buildings, physicians' offices, veterinarians, dental offices and funeral homes. Where more than one generator is located in the same building, each individual business entity shall be considered a separate generator;

      (21) "Biomedical waste treatment facility" means a solid waste facility capable of storing, treating or disposing of any amount of biomedical waste, excluding any facility where the only biomedical waste treated, stored or disposed of is biomedical waste generated at the site and any licensed acute care facility or licensed regional household hazardous waste collection facility accepting untreated solid waste generated during the administration of medical care in a single or multiple family household by a resident of such household;

      (22) "Throughput" means the amount of municipal solid waste processed by a resources recovery facility determined by dividing the average annual tonnage of municipal solid waste by three hundred sixty-five days;

      (23) "Municipal solid waste" means solid waste from residential, commercial and industrial sources, excluding solid waste consisting of significant quantities of hazardous waste as defined in section 22a-115, land-clearing debris, demolition debris, biomedical waste, sewage sludge and scrap metal;

      (24) "Wood-burning facility" means a facility, as defined in section 16-50i, whose principal function is energy recovery from wood for commercial purposes. "Wood-burning facility" does not mean a biomass gasification plant that utilizes land clearing debris, tree stumps or other biomass that regenerates, or the use of which will not result in a depletion of, resources;

      (25) "Person" has the same meaning as in subsection (b) of section 22a-2;

      (26) "Closure plan" means a comprehensive written plan, including maps, prepared by a professional engineer licensed by the state that details the closure of a solid waste disposal area and that addresses final cover design, stormwater controls, landfill gas controls, water quality monitoring, leachate controls, postclosure maintenance and monitoring, financial assurance for closure and postclosure activities, postclosure use and any other information that the commissioner determines is necessary to protect human health and the environment from the effects of the solid waste disposal areas;

      (27) "Designated recyclable item" means an item designated for recycling by the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection in regulations adopted pursuant to subsection (a) of section 22a-241b, or designated for recycling pursuant to section 22a-208v or 22a-256;

      (28) "Composting facility" means land, appurtenances, structures or equipment where organic materials originating from another process or location that have been separated at the point or source of generation from nonorganic material are recovered using a process of accelerated biological decomposition of organic material under controlled aerobic or anaerobic conditions;

      (29) "Source-separated organic material" means organic material, including, but not limited to, food scraps, food processing residue and soiled or unrecyclable paper that has been separated at the point or source of generation from nonorganic material.

      (1971, P.A. 845, S. 1; June, 1971, P.A. 1, S. 5; P.A. 73-646, S. 1; P.A. 79-605, S. 14, 17; P.A. 81-213, S. 1, 18; P.A. 87-531, S. 1; P.A. 88-341, S. 1; P.A. 89-386, S. 1, 24; P.A. 91-55, S. 1; P.A. 92-249, S. 2; P.A. 94-182, S. 1, 4; P.A. 01-204, S. 8, 29; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 73, 131; P.A. 03-19, S. 64; P.A. 06-76, S. 25; P.A. 10-87, S. 1; P.A. 11-80, S. 1; 11-217, S. 1.)

      History: June, 1971 act replaced commissioner and department of health with commissioner and department of environmental protection; P.A. 73-646 replaced "scrap metals" with "scrap materials" in Subdiv. (c), redefined "solid waste facility" to include resource recovery facilities and limited definition to facilities handling more than five tons of solid waste per year, redefined "volume reduction plant" as one which can process more than 2,000 pounds of waste input per hour and included plants processing refuse for recovery and reuse; P.A. 79-605 rephrased Subdiv. (c) defining "solid waste"; P.A. 81-213 redefined "municipal authority" in Subsec. (j) to include municipal resource recovery authorities under chapter 103b and extended applicability of definitions to that chapter; Sec. 19-524a transferred to Sec. 22a-207 in 1983 and alphabetic Subdiv. indicators replaced editorially by the Revisors with numeric indicators; P.A. 87-531 deleted reference to approval of department of environmental protection in definition of "solid waste disposal area"; P.A. 88-341 amended Subdiv. (4) to redefine "solid waste facility" to include biomedical waste treatment facilities and added definitions for "biomedical waste", "generator of biomedical waste" and "biomedical waste treatment facility"; P.A. 89-386 redefined "solid waste", "solid waste facility", "volume reduction plant", "solid waste disposal area", and "recycling", substituted definition of "resources recovery facility" for definition of "resources recovery system", added definitions of "recycling facility" or "center", "transfer station", "throughput", "municipal solid waste" and "wood burning facility" and renumbered the terms accordingly; P.A. 91-55 rephrased the definition of "solid waste" and broadened the definitions of "volume reduction plant", "solid waste disposal area" and "transfer station"; P.A. 92-249 amended Subdiv. (6) to define "disposal"; P.A. 94-182 amended Subdiv. (19) to limit the definition of "biomedical waste" to infectious waste, pathological waste and chemotherapy waste, amended Subdiv. (20) to remove in-patient care facilities from the definition of "generator of biomedical waste" and to specify that multiple generators within one building count as separate generators, and amended Subdiv. (21) to exclude licensed acute care facilities and certain licensed regional household hazardous waste collection facilities from the definition of "biomedical waste treatment facility", effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 01-204 amended Subdiv. (24) to exclude biomass gasification plants from the definition of "wood-burning facility", effective July 11, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 revised effective date of P.A. 01-204 but without affecting this section; P.A. 03-19 made technical changes in Subdiv. (24), effective May 12, 2003; P.A. 06-76 added Subdivs. (25) and (26) defining "person" and "closure plan", respectively; P.A. 10-87 applied definitions to Secs. 22a-241j to 22a-241l and added Subdivs. (27) and (28) defining "designated recyclable item" and "composting facility"; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, "Commissioner of Environmental Protection" and "Department of Environmental Protection" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection" and "Department of Energy and Environmental Protection", respectively, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-217 added Subdiv. (29) defining "source-separated organic material".

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      Sec. 22a-226e. Recycling of source-separated organic materials. Report. (a) Not later than six months after the establishment of service in the state by two or more permitted source-separated organic material composting facilities, as defined in section 22a-207, that have a combined capacity to service the needs of commercial food wholesalers or distributors, industrial food manufacturers or processors, supermarkets, resorts or conference centers that each generate an average projected volume of not less than one hundred four tons per year of source-separated organic materials, each commercial food wholesaler or distributor, industrial food manufacturer or processor, supermarket, resort or conference center that generates an average projected volume of not less than one hundred four tons per year of source-separated organic materials shall: (1) Separate such materials from other solid waste; and (2) ensure that such source-separated organic materials are recycled at a permitted source-separated organic material composting facility that is not more than twenty miles from such wholesaler, distributor, manufacturer, processor, supermarket, resort or conference center, as applicable.

      (b) Any such wholesaler, distributor, manufacturer, processor, supermarket, resort or conference center that performs composting of source-separated organic materials on site or treats source-separated organic materials via on-site organic treatment equipment permitted pursuant to the general statutes or federal law shall be deemed in compliance with the provisions of this section.

      (c) Any permitted source-separated organic material composting facility that receives such source-separated organic materials shall report to the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection, as part of such facility's reporting obligations, a summary of fees charged for receipt of such source-separated organic materials.

      (P.A. 11-80, S. 1; 11-217, S. 3.)

      History: Pursuant to P.A. 11-80, "Commissioner of Environmental Protection" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection", effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 22a-245a. Special account of deposit initiator. Reimbursement payment. Reports. Deposit in General Fund. Subtraction of deficiency. Examination. Enforcement. Treatment as tax. Credit for containers donated for charitable purpose. (a) Each deposit initiator shall open a special interest-bearing account at a Connecticut branch of a financial institution, as defined in section 45a-557a, to the credit of the deposit initiator. Each deposit initiator shall deposit in such account an amount equal to the refund value established pursuant to subsection (a) of section 22a-244, for each beverage container sold by such deposit initiator. Such deposit shall be made not more than one month after the date such beverage container is sold, provided for any beverage container sold during the period from December 1, 2008, to December 31, 2008, inclusive, such deposit shall be made not later than January 5, 2009. All interest, dividends and returns earned on the special account shall be paid directly into such account. Such moneys shall be kept separate and apart from all other moneys in the possession of the deposit initiator. The amount required to be deposited pursuant to this section, when deposited, shall be held to be a special fund in trust for the state.

      (b) (1) Any reimbursement of the refund value for a redeemed beverage container shall be paid from the deposit initiator's special account, with such payment to be computed, subject to the provisions of subdivision (2) of this subsection, under the cash receipts and disbursements method of accounting, as described in Section 446(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding Internal Revenue Code of the United States, as amended from time to time.

      (2) A deposit initiator may petition the Commissioner of Revenue Services for an alternate method of accounting by filing with such deposit initiator's return a statement of objections and other proposed alternate method of accounting, as such deposit initiator believes proper and equitable under the circumstances, that is accompanied by supporting details and proof. The Commissioner of Revenue Services shall promptly notify such deposit initiator whether the proposed alternate method is accepted as reasonable and equitable and, if so accepted, shall adjust such deposit initiator's return and payment of reimbursement accordingly.

      (c) (1) Each deposit initiator shall submit a report on March 15, 2009, for the period from December 1, 2008, to February 28, 2009, inclusive. Each deposit initiator shall submit a report on July 31, 2009, for the period from March 1, 2009, to June 30, 2009, inclusive, and thereafter shall submit a quarterly report for the immediately preceding calendar quarter one month after the close of such quarter. Each such report shall be submitted to the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection, on a form prescribed by the commissioner and with such information as the commissioner deems necessary, including, but not limited to: (A) The balance in the special account at the beginning of the quarter for which the report is prepared; (B) a list of all deposits credited to such account during such quarter, including all refund values paid to the deposit initiator and all interest, dividends or returns received on the account; (C) a list of all withdrawals from such account during such quarter, all service charges and overdraft charges on the account and all payments made pursuant to subsection (d) of this section; and (D) the balance in the account at the close of the quarter for which the report is prepared.

      (2) Each deposit initiator shall submit a report on October 31, 2010, for the calendar quarter beginning July 1, 2010. Subsequently, each deposit initiator shall submit a quarterly report for the immediately preceding calendar quarter, on or before the last day of the month next succeeding the close of such quarter. Each such report shall be submitted to the Commissioner of Revenue Services, on a form prescribed by the Commissioner of Revenue Services, and with such information as the Commissioner of Revenue Services deems necessary, including, but not limited to, the following information: (A) The balance in the special account at the beginning of the quarter for which the report is prepared, (B) all deposits credited to such account during such quarter, including all refund values paid to the deposit initiator and all interest, dividends or returns received on such account, (C) all withdrawals from such account during such quarter, including all service charges and overdraft charges on such account and all payments made pursuant to subsection (d) of this section, and (D) the balance in such account at the close of the quarter for which the report is prepared. Such quarterly report shall be filed electronically with the Commissioner of Revenue Services, in the manner provided by chapter 228g.

      (d) (1) On or before April 30, 2009, each deposit initiator shall pay the balance outstanding in the special account that is attributable to the period from December 1, 2008, to March 31, 2009, inclusive, to the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection for deposit in the General Fund. Thereafter, the balance outstanding in the special account that is attributable to the immediately preceding calendar quarter shall be paid by the deposit initiator one month after the close of such quarter to the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection for deposit in the General Fund. If the amount of the required payment pursuant to this subdivision is not paid by the date seven days after the due date, a penalty of ten per cent of the amount due shall be added to the amount due. The amount due shall bear interest at the rate of one and one-half per cent per month or fraction thereof, from the due date. Any such penalty or interest shall not be paid from funds maintained in the special account.

      (2) On or before October 31, 2010, each deposit initiator shall pay the balance outstanding in the special account that is attributable to the period from July 1, 2010, to September 30, 2010, inclusive, to the Commissioner of Revenue Services for deposit in the General Fund. Subsequently, the balance outstanding in the special account that is attributable to the immediately preceding calendar quarter shall be paid by the deposit initiator on or before the last day of the month next succeeding the close of such quarter to the Commissioner of Revenue Services for deposit in the General Fund. If the amount of the required payment pursuant to this subdivision is not paid on or before the due date, a penalty of ten per cent of the amount due and unpaid, or fifty dollars, whichever is greater, shall be imposed. The amount due and unpaid shall bear interest at the rate of one per cent per month or fraction thereof, from the due date. Any such penalty or interest shall not be paid from funds maintained in such special account. Such required payment shall be made by electronic funds transfer to the Commissioner of Revenue Services, in the manner provided by chapter 228g.

      (e) If moneys deposited in the special account are insufficient to pay for withdrawals authorized pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, the amount of such deficiency shall be subtracted from the next succeeding payment or payments due pursuant to subsection (d) of this section until the amount of the deficiency has been subtracted in full.

      (f) The Commissioner of Revenue Services may examine the accounts and records of any deposit initiator maintained under this section or sections 22a-243 to 22a-245, inclusive, and any related accounts and records, including receipts, disbursements and such other items as the Commissioner of Revenue Services deems appropriate.

      (g) The Attorney General may, independently or upon complaint of the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection or the Commissioner of Revenue Services, institute any appropriate action or proceeding to enforce any provision of this section or any regulation adopted pursuant to section 22a-245 to implement the provisions of this section.

      (h) The provisions of sections 12-548, 12-550 to 12-554, inclusive, and 12-555a shall be deemed to apply to the provisions of this section, except any provision of sections 12-548, 12-550 to 12-554, inclusive, and 12-555a that is inconsistent with the provision in this section.

      (i) Any payment required pursuant to this section shall be treated as a tax for purposes of sections 12-30b, 12-33a, 12-35a, 12-39g and 12-39h.

      (j) Not later than July 1, 2010, the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection or successor agency shall establish a procedure that allows each such deposit initiator to take a credit against any payment made pursuant to subsection (d) of this section in the amount of the deposits refunded on beverage containers which such deposit initiator donated for any charitable purpose.

      (Nov. 24 Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-1, S. 11; P.A. 09-1, S. 15; P.A. 10-25, S. 2; 10-114, S. 1; P.A. 11-59, S. 5-9; 11-80, S. 1.)

      History: Nov. 24 Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-1 effective November 25, 2008; P.A. 09-1 amended Subsec. (a) to increase time for making deposit from 3 business days to 1 month after container's sale, amended Subsec. (c)(3) to add reference to payments made pursuant to Subsec. (d), added new Subsecs. (d) and (e) re General Fund deposit and deficiency, and redesignated existing Subsecs. (d) and (e) as Subsecs. (f) and (g), effective April 1, 2009, and applicable to periods commencing on or after December 1, 2008; P.A. 10-25 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision re amount required to be deposited, when deposited, shall be held to be a special fund in trust for the state, amended Subsec. (b) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and amending same to require payment to be computed under cash receipts and disbursements method of accounting and deleting provisions re payment of reimbursement, and by adding Subdiv. (2) re petitioning for alternate method of accounting by deposit initiator, amended Subsec. (c) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), making technical changes therein and adding Subdiv. (2) re submission of quarterly reports by deposit initiators, amended Subsec. (d) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), making a technical change therein and adding Subdiv. (2) re payment of funds by each deposit initiator from special account, amended Subsec. (f) by replacing provisions re State Treasurer with references to Commissioner of Revenue Services and adding "this section or", amended Subsec. (g) by including reference to Commissioners of Environmental Protection and Revenue Services, added Subsec. (h) re application of Secs. 12-548, 12-550 to 12-554, and 12-555a and added Subsec. (i) re treatment of required payment as a tax, effective July 1, 2010; P.A. 10-114 added provision, codified by the Revisors as Subsec. (j), re establishment of procedure to allow deposit initiator to take credit against payment made pursuant to Subsec. (d) in amount of deposits refunded on beverage containers donated for charitable purpose, effective June 7, 2010; P.A. 11-59 made technical changes in Subsecs. (b), (c), (d), (f) and (h), effective July 1, 2011; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, "Commissioner of Environmental Protection" and "Department of Environmental Protection" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection" and "Department of Energy and Environmental Protection", respectively, effective July 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 22a-245b. Exemption for small manufacturers re beverage containers containing noncarbonated beverages. Application. Approval. Any manufacturer who bottles and sells two hundred fifty thousand or fewer beverage containers containing a noncarbonated beverage that are twenty ounces or less in size each calendar year may apply to the Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection for an exemption from the requirements of sections 22a-244 to 22a-245a, inclusive, with regard to such beverage containers containing noncarbonated beverages. Such application shall be accompanied by a sworn affidavit signed by such manufacturer or such manufacturer's authorized agent certifying such manufacturer bottles and sells two hundred fifty thousand or fewer of such beverage containers per calendar year. Any such application filed on or before April 1, 2009, shall be deemed automatically approved and such exemption shall remain valid until December 31, 2009. Not later than November 1, 2009, and each year thereafter, each such manufacturer or such manufacturer's authorized agent may apply to the commissioner for an exemption in accordance with this section on a form prescribed by the commissioner. The commissioner shall approve each such application not later than thirty days after the receipt of the application by the commissioner, provided the applicant satisfies the requirements of this section.

      (P.A. 09-2, S. 20; P.A. 11-80, S. 1; 11-161, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 09-2 effective March 3, 2009; pursuant to P.A. 11-80, "Commissioner of Environmental Protection" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection", effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-161 added provisions authorizing signing of sworn affidavit and application for exemption by manufacturer's authorized agent, effective July 13, 2011.

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