CHAPTER 409
PAWNBROKERS AND SECONDHAND DEALERS

Table of Contents

Sec. 21-39. Pawnbroker license required. Loans on intangible property excepted.
Sec. 21-39a. Definitions.
Sec. 21-40. Issuance of licenses. Fees. Applications. Criminal history records checks. Suspension, revocation or modification of license.
Sec. 21-41. Proof of identity required. Record-keeping requirements.
Sec. 21-42. Documents and copies provided by pawnbroker. Payment requirements. Limitations on check cashing by pawnbroker.
Sec. 21-43. Statement of transactions.
Sec. 21-45. Sale or disposition of deposited or pledged property.
Sec. 21-46a. Seizure of property by law enforcement officer. Restitution.
Sec. 21-47. Penalties.
Sec. 21-47d. Secondhand dealer license. Fees. Applications. Criminal history records checks. Suspension or revocation of license. Exemption. Penalty.
Sec. 21-47e. Proof of identity required. Record-keeping requirements. Payment terms. Statement of transactions. Sale or disposition of property. Seizure of property by law enforcement officer. Restitution. Penalty.

      Sec. 21-39. Pawnbroker license required. Loans on intangible property excepted. No person shall, in any city or town of this state, engage in or carry on the business of a pawnbroker unless such person is licensed in accordance with section 21-40; but the provisions of this chapter shall apply only if such property is deposited with a lender, and shall not apply to loans made upon stock, bonds, notes or other written or printed evidence of ownership of property or of indebtedness to the holder or owner of any such securities.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4663; P.A. 97-164, S. 1; P.A. 11-100, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 97-164 added references to "limited liability company"; P.A. 11-100 made conforming changes re definitions in Sec. 21-39a added by same act.

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      Sec. 21-39a. Definitions. As used in sections 21-39 to 21-47, inclusive, 21-47d, 21-47e and 21-100:

      (1) "Pawnbroker" means a person who is engaged in the business of loaning money on the deposit or pledge of wearing apparel, jewelry, ornaments, household goods or other personal property or purchasing such property on condition of selling the same back again at a stipulated price;

      (2) "Precious metals or stones dealer" means a person who is primarily engaged in the business of purchasing gold or gold-plated ware, silver or silver-plated ware, platinum ware, watches, jewelry, precious stones, bullion or coins;

      (3) "Secondhand dealer" means a person who is primarily engaged in the business of purchasing personal property of any type from a person who is not a wholesaler, for the purpose of reselling or exchanging such property, and has physical possession of such property, other than an antiques dealer, art dealer, coin and stamp dealer, precious metals or stones dealer, pawnbroker, consignment shop operator, special collectibles dealer, musical instrument dealer, used book dealer, dealer in motor vehicles as described in chapter 246, auctioneer as described in chapter 403, junk dealer, as defined in section 21-9, scrap metal processor, as defined in section 14-67w, recycling facility, as defined in section 22a-207, bona fide charitable or religious corporation, or any retailer that is primarily engaged in the business of selling new items but also gives consideration other than cash in exchange for one or more items traded in to such retailer;

      (4) "Antiques dealer" means a person who is primarily engaged in the business of buying and selling items collected or desirable due to age, rarity, condition or some other unique feature;

      (5) "Art dealer" means a person who is primarily engaged in the business of buying and selling illustrative and decorative paintings, drawings, photographs, prints, sculptures or other works in the graphic or plastic arts, or decorative or artistic objects;

      (6) "Coin and stamp dealer" means a person who is primarily engaged in the business of buying and selling coins, stamps, currency or rare documents collected or desirable due to age, rarity, condition or some other unique feature;

      (7) "Consignment shop operator" means a person who is primarily engaged in the business of selling personal property as the agent of another person who has placed such property in the physical possession of the agent when such other person has not been paid for such property, retains legal title to such property and bears the risk of loss until such property is sold to a third person;

      (8) "Special collectibles dealer" means a person who is primarily engaged in the business of buying or selling a distinctive type of manufactured item of limited supply designed for persons to collect or that possesses attractive characteristics, rarity, uniqueness, production faults or other distinctive characteristics necessary to cause a person to save it for hobby, display or investment purposes, without regard to its value or practical use, including, but not limited to, china, glass, toys, militaria, sports memorabilia, movie memorabilia, railroad memorabilia, models, comic books, dolls, figurines or other items of interest to a discrete group of persons, excluding antiques, coins, stamps, works of art, books, jewelry or precious metals;

      (9) "Musical instruments dealer" means a person who is primarily engaged in the business of buying and selling new and used musical instruments and accessories;

      (10) "Used book dealer" means a person who is primarily engaged in the business of buying and selling books previously sold at retail from persons other than a publisher or wholesaler;

      (11) "Wholesaler" means a person engaged in the business of buying property in large quantities and reselling the property in the same or smaller quantities to persons who resell the property to the ultimate consumer;

      (12) "Licensing authority" means the chief of police of any town or city or, if such town or city does not have an organized local police department, the Commissioner of Public Safety; and

      (13) "Person" means an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership or association.

      (P.A. 11-100, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 21-40. Issuance of licenses. Fees. Applications. Criminal history records checks. Suspension, revocation or modification of license. (a) The licensing authority of any town or city may grant licenses to suitable persons to be pawnbrokers in such town or city respectively, and may suspend or revoke such licenses for cause, which shall include, but not be limited to, failure to comply with any requirements for licensure specified by the licensing authority at the time of issuance.

      (b) The person so licensed shall pay, for the benefit of any such city or town, respectively, or if the licensing authority of such city or town is the Commissioner of Public Safety, for the benefit of the Department of Public Safety, to the licensing authority a license fee of fifty dollars, and twenty-five dollars per year thereafter for renewal of such license, and shall, at the time of receiving such license, file, with the licensing authority of such city or town, a bond to such city or town, with competent surety, in the penal sum of two thousand dollars, to be approved by such licensing authority, and conditioned for the faithful performance of the duties and obligations pertaining to the business so licensed, unless such person is also licensed as a secondhand dealer in accordance with section 21-47d, in which case the licensing authority shall waive the payment of renewal fees and filing of a bond required by this subsection.

      (c) Each such license shall designate the place where such business is to be carried on and shall be in effect for one year unless sooner suspended or revoked. Such license shall be displayed in a conspicuous location in the place where such business is carried on. At the time of application for such license and each renewal thereof, the applicant shall disclose to the licensing authority all places used or intended to be used by the business for the purchase, receipt, storage or sale of property. During the term of such license, the licensee shall notify the licensing authority of any additional places that will be used by the business for the purchase, receipt, storage or sale of property prior to such use.

      (d) An application for such license shall be made in writing, under oath. The application shall contain: (1) The type of business to be engaged in, (2) the applicant's full name, age and date and place of birth, (3) the applicant's residence addresses and places of employment within the preceding five years, (4) the applicant's present occupation, (5) any crime of which the applicant has been convicted and the date and place of such conviction, and (6) such additional information as the licensing authority deems necessary to investigate the qualifications, character, competency and integrity of the applicant. If the applicant is a corporation, limited liability company, partnership or association, the application shall contain the information required by this subsection for each individual who is or will be an officer, shareholder, financial backer or creditor, other than a financial institution, of such entity or any other individual with a relationship to such entity similar to that of an officer, shareholder, financial backer or creditor.

      (e) The application for such license and any renewal thereof shall contain information on any Internet web site or account used by such applicant to conduct the business. During the term of the license, the licensee shall notify the licensing authority in writing of the addition or discontinuation of any Internet web sites or accounts used to conduct the business.

      (f) No license shall be issued under this section by the licensing authority to any person who has been convicted of a felony. The licensing authority may require any applicant, employee or person with an ownership interest in the business to submit to state and national criminal history records checks. Whenever the licensing authority requires such criminal history records checks, such individual shall submit two complete sets of fingerprints on forms prescribed by the licensing authority. Any criminal history records checks required pursuant to this subsection shall be conducted in accordance with section 29-17a. The licensing authority may charge the individual a fee equal to the fees established by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the State Police Bureau of Identification for performing such criminal history records checks.

      (g) The licensing authority shall grant or deny an application for a license not later than ninety days after the filing of such application with the licensing authority. A licensee seeking renewal of such license shall file an application for renewal at least sixty days before the expiration of such license and the licensing authority shall grant or deny such renewal not later than thirty days after the filing of such application for renewal. Failure of the licensing authority to act on such initial application or renewal application within the applicable period specified in this subsection shall be deemed to be a denial. The licensing authority may suspend, revoke or modify any license issued under this section at any time during the period of the license for good cause shown, upon notice to the licensee and following a hearing. The licensing authority shall hold any such hearing not later than five days after the date of issuance of such notice, and shall issue a decision not more than fourteen days after any hearing. Any person aggrieved by any action of the licensing authority in denying, suspending, revoking, modifying or refusing to renew a license issued pursuant to this section may appeal from such action to the Superior Court.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4664; 1972, P.A. 223, S. 28; P.A. 97-164, S. 2; P.A. 01-175, S. 18, 32; P.A. 11-100, S. 3.)

      History: 1972 act provided for $25 fee per year for renewal of license; P.A. 97-164 included the business of lending money on the "deposit" of personal property and the business "of purchasing such property from a person who is not a wholesaler", prohibited the issuance of a license to any person convicted of a felony, authorized the fingerprinting of applicants and required any fingerprints taken to be submitted to the F.B.I. for a national criminal history records check; P.A. 01-175 replaced provisions re fingerprinting and national criminal history records check with provisions re state and national criminal history records checks pursuant to Sec. 29-17a, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 11-100 substantially revised section, redesignated existing language as Subsecs. (a) to (c) re granting of licenses, license fees and expiration of licenses and as Subsec. (f) re license prohibition for person convicted of a felony, and added Subsecs. (d), (e) and (g) re information required for license application, time frames for license approval and renewals, and provisions re suspension, revocation or modification of license.

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      Sec. 21-41. Proof of identity required. Record-keeping requirements. (a) No pawnbroker shall take, receive or purchase tangible personal property without receiving proof of the identity of the person depositing, pledging or selling the property. Such identification shall include a photograph, an address, if available on the identification, and an identifying number, including, but not limited to, date of birth. No pawnbroker shall enter into any pledge or purchase transaction with a minor unless such minor is accompanied by such minor's parent or guardian.

      (b) Each such pawnbroker shall maintain a computerized record-keeping system deemed appropriate by the licensing authority, in which shall be entered in English, at the time the pawnbroker receives any article of personal property by way of pledge, deposit or purchase, a description of such article, the name, residence address, proof of identity as required in subsection (a) of this section and a general description of the person from whom, and the date and hour when, such property was received and in which, if the property does not contain any identifiable numbers or markings, shall be included a digital photograph of each article. Each entry in the record-keeping system shall be numbered consecutively. A tag shall be attached to the article in a visible and convenient place with a number written on such tag corresponding to the entry number in the record-keeping system and shall remain attached to the article until the article is sold or otherwise disposed of, provided the licensing authority shall prescribe procedures authorizing the removal of such tags from articles, including those articles consisting of jewelry that are cleaned and repaired on the premises by the pawnbroker, that will provide accountability for such articles. Such tag shall be visible in a digital photograph taken in accordance with this section. Such record-keeping system and the place where such business is carried on and all articles of property therein may be examined at all times by any state police officer, municipal police officer, the licensing authority or any person by them designated. Any state police officer or municipal police officer who performs such an examination may require any employee on the premises to provide proof of the employee's identity. All records maintained pursuant to this section shall be retained by the pawnbroker for not less than two years.

      (c) Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, the description of any property received by a pawnbroker under this section shall include, but shall not be limited to, all distinguishing marks, names of any kind, including brand and model names, model and serial numbers, engravings, etchings, affiliation with any institution or organization, dates, initials, color, vintage or image represented. Any description of audio, video or electronic media of any kind shall also include the title and artist or any other identifying information contained on the cover or external surface of such media.

      (d) The licensing authority may provide for an exemption from, or establish additional or different requirements than, the requirements of subsection (c) of this section upon consideration of the nature of the property, transaction or business, including, but not limited to, articles in bulk lots or articles of minimal value.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4665; P.A. 93-115; P.A. 97-164, S. 3; P.A. 05-288, S. 87; P.A. 11-100, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 93-115 added new provisions as Subsec. (a) requiring a person depositing or purchasing items from a pawnbroker to provide proof of identification, designating former provisions as Subsec. (b); P.A. 97-164 amended Subsec. (a) to delete reference to "loan broker", include any person who "purchases such property on condition of selling the same back again at a stipulated price or purchases such property from a person who is not a wholesaler", replace the provision that no pawnbroker or person shall "sell" such property without proof of "identification" of the person "purchasing" the property with provision that no pawnbroker or person shall "purchase" such property without proof of "the identity" of the person "selling" the property, require the identification to include an address "if available on the identification" and include "an identifying number", and add penalty provision of an infraction for a first violation and a class A misdemeanor for a second or subsequent violation committed within two years, and amended Subsec. (b) to include the business of loaning money on the "deposit" of personal property and the business "of purchasing such property on the condition of selling the same back again at a stipulated price or of purchasing such property from a person who is not a wholesaler", require the maintenance of a "record-keeping system" rather than a "book", include articles received by "purchase" in the record-keeping requirement, authorize examination "by any municipal police officer" and authorize any state policeman or municipal police officer to require any employee to provide proof of his identity; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 11-100 made conforming changes re definitions in Sec. 21-39a added by same act, amended Subsec. (a) to delete penalty provision and prohibit pawnbroker from entering into transaction with a minor unless minor is accompanied by such minor's parent or guardian, amended Subsec. (b) to add photographic and tag identification record-keeping requirements and specify that record-keeping system be computerized, and added Subsecs. (c) and (d) re description requirements for property received by a pawnbroker and exemption from description provision.

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      Sec. 21-42. Documents and copies provided by pawnbroker. Payment requirements. Limitations on check cashing by pawnbroker. (a) Each such pawnbroker shall, at the time of making any loan on a pawn or pledge of personal property or of purchasing such property on condition of selling the same back again at a stipulated price deliver to the person who deposits, pledges or sells such property a memorandum or note containing (1) the entry required to be made in such pawnbroker's computerized record-keeping system by the provisions of section 21-41, (2) a copy of the statement signed by the person who deposits, pledges or sells such property that represents and warrants that such property is not stolen and has no liens or encumbrances against it, and that such person is the rightful owner of such property and has the right to enter into the transaction, and (3) a copy of the statement signed by the person who deposits, pledges or sells such property that states such person will indemnify and hold harmless such pawnbroker for any loss arising from the transaction because of a superior right of possession to the property residing with a third person. Each such pawnbroker may charge the person who deposits, pledges or sells such property a fee for such memorandum or note, the processing and recording of the transaction, the storage of the property, any insurance for the property and any appraisal of the property. Each such pawnbroker shall pay for any property received by deposit, pledge or purchase only by check, draft or money order and shall not pay cash for any such property except when the pawnbroker cashes a check, draft or money order for the person who is depositing, pledging or selling the property. When the pawnbroker cashes a check, draft or money order, such pawnbroker shall require proof of the identity of the person presenting the check, draft or money order in accordance with subsection (a) of section 21-41.

      (b) Each check, draft or money order used to pay for property received by a pawnbroker shall contain the number or numbers associated with such property in the record-keeping system maintained in accordance with section 21-41. Whenever payment is made by check, the pawnbroker shall retain the electronic copy of such check or other record issued by the financial institution that processed such check, and such copy or record shall be subject to inspection pursuant to section 21-41 as part of such record-keeping system. No pawnbroker shall cash any check, draft or money order issued by such pawnbroker in an amount in excess of one thousand dollars and no person shall structure any transaction or transactions to avoid this prohibition. Any transaction or transactions between a pawnbroker and the same party within a twenty-four-hour period shall be aggregated and considered a single transaction for the purposes of this subsection.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4666; P.A. 97-164, S. 4; P.A. 11-100, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 97-164 made section applicable to a pawnbroker who purchases property on condition of selling the same back again at a stipulated price or purchases property from a person who is not a wholesaler, required the delivery of a memorandum or note to a person who sells property to a pawnbroker, replaced "book" with "record-keeping system", deleted prohibition on a pawnbroker charging for making the entry in the book or delivering the memorandum or note, required a pawnbroker to pay by check, draft or money order for any property received and prohibited payment by cash except when the pawnbroker cashes a check, draft or money order, required the pawnbroker to receive proof of identity when cashing a check, draft or money order and added penalty provision of class A misdemeanor; P.A. 11-100 made conforming changes re definitions in Sec. 21-39a added by same act, designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended same to add provisions re additional statements to be signed by and a copy provided to the person depositing, pledging or selling property and delete penalty provision, and added Subsec. (b) re payment requirements and limitations on check cashing by pawnbroker.

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      Sec. 21-43. Statement of transactions. Each pawnbroker shall submit to the licensing authority, weekly, or more frequently as determined by the licensing authority upon consideration of the volume and nature of the business, a sworn statement of his or her transactions, describing the property received and setting forth the nature and terms of each transaction and the name and residence address and a description of the person from whom the property was received. Such statement shall be in an electronic format prescribed by the licensing authority. The licensing authority may grant an exemption from the requirement of submitting such statement in electronic format for good cause shown.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4667; P.A. 11-100, S. 6.)

      History: P.A. 11-100 made conforming changes re definitions in Sec. 21-39a added by same act, deleted penalty provision and added provisions re statement to be in electronic format and exemption from electronic reporting requirement.

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      Sec. 21-45. Sale or disposition of deposited or pledged property. No pawnbroker shall sell or dispose of any personal property left with such pawnbroker in deposit or pledge for money loaned or as a result of the purchase of such property on condition of selling the same back again at a stipulated price in less than sixty days from the date when the same is left in deposit or pledge or purchased on condition of selling the same back again at a stipulated price, except when such sale or disposition is to the person who deposited, pledged or sold such property or an authorized agent of such person. All such property may be sold or disposed of at the place of business of such pawnbroker or at public sale after such sixty-day period. Upon the expiration of sixty days from the date when such property is left with a pawnbroker, if the person who deposited or pledged such property fails to redeem any such property in accordance with the terms of the transaction, such right of redemption or repurchase on the part of the person who deposited or pledged such property shall be extinguished and the pawnbroker shall acquire the entire interest in the property that was held by the person who deposited or pledged such property prior to such deposit or pledge without further notice to such person.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4670; P.A. 97-164, S. 6; P.A. 11-100, S. 7.)

      History: P.A. 97-164 replaced references to "lender" with "pawnbroker", reduced from six to two months the period pledged property must be held, and replaced provision that all such property "shall be sold or disposed of, at public or private sale," with provision that all such property "may be sold or disposed of at the premises of such pawnbroker or at public sale"; P.A. 11-100 deleted requirement re newspaper advertisement prior to sale or disposition of property deposited with or pledged or sold to pawnbroker, specified that pawnbroker acquires entire interest in such property after 60 days if person who deposited or pledged such property fails to redeem such property within such time period, and made technical changes.

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      Sec. 21-46a. Seizure of property by law enforcement officer. Restitution. Whenever property is seized from the place of business of a pawnbroker, precious metals or stones dealer or secondhand dealer by a law enforcement officer, such officer shall give the pawnbroker, precious metals or stones dealer or secondhand dealer a duly signed receipt for the property containing a case number, a description of the property, the reason for the seizure, the name and address of the officer, the name and address of the person claiming a right to the property prior to the pawnbroker, precious metals or stones dealer or secondhand dealer and the name of the pawnbroker, precious metals or stones dealer or secondhand dealer. If the pawnbroker, precious metals or stones dealer or secondhand dealer claims an ownership interest in such property, he or she may request the return of such property by filing a request for such property with the law enforcement agency in accordance with the provisions of section 54-36a. If the person who deposited, pledged or sold any property received by a pawnbroker or dealer is convicted of any offense arising out of such pawnbroker's or dealer's acquisition, retention or disposition of the property and such pawnbroker or dealer suffered an economic loss as a result of such offense, the court, at the time of sentencing, may order restitution to such pawnbroker or dealer pursuant to subsection (c) of section 53a-28 and such order may be enforced in accordance with section 53a-28a.

      (P.A. 97-164, S. 8; P.A. 11-100, S. 8.)

      History: P.A. 11-100 inserted "precious metals or stones dealer or secondhand dealer", added provision re restitution to pawnbroker or dealer, and made technical changes.

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      Sec. 21-47. Penalties. (a) Any person who wilfully engages in the business of a pawnbroker, unless licensed according to law, or after notice that his or her license has been suspended or revoked, shall be guilty of a class D felony.

      (b) Any person who wilfully violates any of the provisions of this chapter for which no other penalty is provided shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4668; P.A. 97-164, S. 7; P.A. 11-100, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 97-164 added reference to "limited liability company", increased the penalty for engaging in business without a license to a class D felony, increased the penalty to a class A misdemeanor for violating provisions of the chapter for which no other penalty is provided, neglecting to keep a record-keeping system or make the required entries, refusing to allow inspection of such system and receiving property from a minor and designated said latter penalty provision as new Subsec. (b); P.A. 11-100 made conforming changes re definitions in Sec. 21-39a added by same act, amended Subsec. (a) to add "suspended or" and delete provision re treble forfeiture, amended Subsec. (b) to delete provision re record-keeping system, and made technical changes.

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      Sec. 21-47d. Secondhand dealer license. Fees. Applications. Criminal history records checks. Suspension or revocation of license. Exemption. Penalty. (a) No person shall engage in the business of a secondhand dealer, as defined in section 21-39a, in any city or town of this state unless such person is licensed in accordance with this section. The licensing authority of any city or town may grant a secondhand dealer license to any suitable person with a fixed place of business within the limits of such city or town. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any transaction involving the purchase of personal property of any type from a person who is not a wholesaler for the purpose of reselling or exchanging such property by (1) a bona fide charitable or religious corporation, or (2) a person conducting a garage sale, yard sale, tag sale or estate sale conducted entirely at a private residence, provided such sale does not exceed seventy-two hours in duration during any six-month period from the requirements of this section.

      (b) Any person granted a license under subsection (a) of this section shall pay, for the benefit of the city or town, respectively, or if the licensing authority is the Commissioner of Public Safety, for the benefit of the Department of Public Safety, to the licensing authority a license fee of two hundred fifty dollars, and one hundred dollars per year thereafter, for renewal of such license, and shall, at the time of receiving such license, file, with the licensing authority, a bond to such city or town, with competent surety, in the amount of ten thousand dollars, to be approved by such licensing authority and conditioned for the faithful performance of the duties and obligations pertaining to the business so licensed.

      (c) Each such license shall designate the place where such business is to be carried on and shall be in effect for one year unless sooner suspended or revoked. Such license shall be displayed in a conspicuous location in the place where such business is carried on. At the time of application for such license and each renewal thereof, the applicant shall disclose to the licensing authority all places used or intended to be used by the business for the purchase, receipt, storage or sale of property. During the term of such license, the licensee shall notify the licensing authority of any additional places that will be used by the business for the purchase, receipt, storage or sale of property prior to such use.

      (d) An application for such license shall be made in writing, under oath. The application shall contain: (1) The type of business to be engaged in, (2) the applicant's full name, age and date and place of birth, (3) the applicant's residence addresses and places of employment within the preceding five years, (4) the applicant's present occupation, (5) any crime of which the applicant has been convicted and the date and place of such conviction, and (6) such additional information as the licensing authority deems necessary to investigate the qualifications, character, competency and integrity of the applicant. If the applicant is a corporation, limited liability company, partnership or association, the application shall contain the information required by this subsection for each individual who is or will be an officer, shareholder, financial backer or creditor, other than a financial institution, of such entity or any other individual with a relationship to such entity similar to that of an officer, shareholder, financial backer or creditor.

      (e) The application for such license and any renewal thereof shall contain information on any Internet web site or account used by such applicant to conduct the business. During the term of the license, the licensee shall notify the licensing authority, in writing, of the addition or discontinuation of any Internet web sites or accounts used to conduct the business.

      (f) No license shall be issued under this section by the licensing authority to any person who has been convicted of a felony. The licensing authority may require any applicant, employee or person with an ownership interest in the business to submit to state and national criminal history records checks. Whenever the licensing authority requires such criminal history records checks, such applicant, employee or person shall submit two complete sets of fingerprints on forms prescribed by the licensing authority. Any criminal history records checks required pursuant to this subsection shall be conducted in accordance with section 29-17a. The licensing authority may charge the applicant, employee or person a fee equal to the fees established by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the State Police Bureau of Identification for performing such criminal history records checks.

      (g) The licensing authority shall grant or deny an application for a license not later than ninety days after the filing of such application with the licensing authority. A licensee seeking renewal of such license shall file for a renewal at least sixty days before the expiration of such license and the issuing authority shall grant or deny such renewal not later than thirty days from the filing of such application for renewal. Failure of the licensing authority to act on such application or renewal within such period shall be deemed to be a denial.

      (h) The licensing authority may suspend or revoke any license issued under this section or modify the requirements for such license at any time during the period of the license for good cause shown, upon notice to the licensee and following a hearing, which shall be held not later than five days following the date of issuance of such notice. The licensing authority shall issue a decision not more than fourteen days following any hearing.

      (i) Any person aggrieved by any action of the licensing authority in denying, suspending, revoking or refusing to renew a license issued pursuant to this section or modifying the requirements for such license may appeal from such action to the Superior Court.

      (j) Any applicant for a license or renewal thereof may, at the time of the initial application or any time thereafter, apply for an exemption from the provisions of this section for the term of the license or for such shorter period as the licensing authority may determine. The licensing authority may grant such exemption for good cause shown. The licensing authority may, for good cause shown, exempt any person from the provisions of this section who engages in activities otherwise subject to the provisions of this section on an occasional basis.

      (k) Any person who wilfully engages in the business of a secondhand dealer, unless licensed in accordance with this section, or after notice that such person's license has been suspended or revoked, shall be guilty of a class D felony.

      (P.A. 11-100, S. 10.)

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      Sec. 21-47e. Proof of identity required. Record-keeping requirements. Payment terms. Statement of transactions. Sale or disposition of property. Seizure of property by law enforcement officer. Restitution. Penalty. (a) No secondhand dealer shall take, receive or purchase tangible personal property without receiving proof of the identity of the person selling the property if such person is not a wholesaler. Such identification shall include a photograph, an address, if available on the identification, and an identifying number, including, but not limited to, date of birth.

      (b) Each secondhand dealer shall maintain a record-keeping system deemed appropriate by the licensing authority which shall be entered in English, at the time the secondhand dealer purchases any article of personal property, a description of such article and the name, the residence address, the proof of identity as required by this section and a general description of the person from whom, and the date and hour when, such property was purchased and in which, if the property does not contain any identifiable numbers or markings, shall be included a digital photograph of such article. Each entry in such record-keeping system shall be numbered consecutively. A tag shall be attached to the article in a visible and convenient place with a number written on such tag corresponding to the entry number in the record-keeping system and shall remain attached to the article until the article is sold or otherwise disposed of, provided the licensing authority shall prescribe procedures authorizing the removal of such tags from articles. Such tag shall be visible in the digital photograph required by this subsection. Such record-keeping system and the place or places where such business is carried on and all articles of property therein may be examined at any time by any state police officer or municipal police officer. Any state police officer or municipal police officer who performs such an examination may require any employee on the premises to provide proof of such employee's identity. All records maintained pursuant to this section shall be retained by the secondhand dealer for not less than two years.

      (c) Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, the description of any property purchased by a secondhand dealer under this section shall include, but not be limited to, all distinguishing marks, names of any kind, including brand and model names, model and serial numbers, engravings, etchings, affiliation with any institution or organization, dates, initials, color, vintage or image represented. Any description of audio, video or electronic media of any kind shall also include the title and artist or other identifying information contained on the cover or external surface of such media.

      (d) The licensing authority may provide for an exemption from the requirements of subsection (c) of this section, or establish additional or different requirements concerning the description of any property purchased by a secondhand dealer, upon consideration of the nature of the property, transaction or business, including, but not limited to, articles in bulk lots or articles of minimal value.

      (e) (1) Except as provided in subsection (f) of this section, each secondhand dealer shall pay for any property purchased only by check or money order and shall not pay cash for any such property. Any secondhand dealer who pays by check shall retain the electronic copy of such check or other record issued by the financial institution that processed such check, and such copy or record shall be subject to inspection in accordance with this section as part of the record-keeping system.

      (2) No secondhand dealer shall pay or cash any instrument issued by him or her. The dealer shall indicate on each such instrument the number or numbers associated with such property in the record-keeping system required to be maintained pursuant to this section.

      (f) Any secondhand dealer who was licensed in any city or town as a pawnbroker pursuant to section 21-40 on March 31, 2011, and who continues to hold such license, may pay for property received pursuant to a secondhand dealer license issued in accordance with section 21-47d in the manner authorized under section 21-42 until July 1, 2021, provided such secondhand dealer complies with all other provisions of this section relating to secondhand dealers.

      (g) No secondhand dealer may purchase any personal property from a minor unless such minor is accompanied by such minor's parent or guardian.

      (h) Each secondhand dealer shall submit to the licensing authority, weekly, or more frequently as determined by the licensing authority upon consideration of the volume and nature of the business, a sworn statement of his or her transactions, describing the property purchased and setting forth the nature and terms of the transaction and the name and residence address and a description of the person from whom the property was received. Such statement shall be in an electronic format prescribed by the licensing authority. The licensing authority may grant exemptions from the requirement of submitting such statements in an electronic format for good cause shown.

      (i) No secondhand dealer shall sell or dispose of any personal property acquired in any transaction in the course of business in less than ten days after the date of its receipt. Upon the sale or disposition of such property, such dealer shall, if such property is not sold at retail at the place of business of such dealer, include a record of such sale or disposition in the record-keeping system required by this section.

      (j) Whenever property is seized from the place of business of a secondhand dealer by a law enforcement officer, such officer shall give such secondhand dealer a duly signed receipt for the property containing a case number, a description of the property, the reason for the seizure, the name and address of the officer, the name and address of the person claiming a right to the property prior to the secondhand dealer and the name of the secondhand dealer. If the secondhand dealer claims an ownership interest in such property, such secondhand dealer may request the return of such property by filing a request for such property with the law enforcement agency in accordance with the provisions of section 54-36a. If the seller of any property purchased by a secondhand dealer is convicted of any offense arising out of such secondhand dealer's acquisition of the property and the secondhand dealer suffered an economic loss as a result of such offense, the court may, at the time of sentencing, order restitution to the secondhand dealer pursuant to subsection (c) of section 53a-28, which order may be enforced in accordance with section 53a-28a.

      (k) Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

      (P.A. 11-100, S. 11.)

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