CHAPTER 145
ABSENTEE VOTING

Table of Contents

Sec. 9-135a. Form of absentee ballot.
Sec. 9-135b. Preparation and printing of absentee ballots; layouts for public inspection; filing of ballot and affidavit with Secretary. Vacancies; procedure. Omissions or errors in printing.
Sec. 9-140. Application for and issuance of absentee ballots. Distribution of absentee ballot applications. Mailing unsolicited applications. Downloading applications. Summary of absentee voting laws.
Sec. 9-140c. (Formerly Sec. 9-147). List of applicants returning ballots to clerk. Sorting of ballots and checking of names on registry list; rejection of ballot if name not on list. Times for delivery of ballots. Preservation of secrecy. Late ballots retained by clerk.
Sec. 9-140e. Permanently physically disabled elector. Status for receipt of absentee ballot applications.
Sec. 9-150a. Counting procedures.

      Sec. 9-135a. Form of absentee ballot. (a) Each absentee ballot shall be arranged to resemble the appropriate ballot and sample ballot as prescribed by law, and shall include, as applicable, the offices, party designations, names of candidates and questions to be voted upon and spaces for write-in votes. A replica of the state seal shall be printed on the ballot. The size, type, form, instructions, specifications for paper and printing and other specifications shall be prescribed by the Secretary of the State.

      (b) In municipalities in which some or all offices are to be voted upon without party designation at an election, the clerk of the municipality shall prepare a suitably modified absentee ballot which, upon approval by the Secretary of the State, shall be the form of absentee ballot for the purposes of the election.

      (c) In the case of a primary in a voting district in which unaffiliated electors are authorized, under section 9-431, to vote for some but not all offices to be contested at the primary, the clerk of the municipality shall so prepare and cause to be printed separate and distinct partial absentee ballots for such unaffiliated electors, provided on each such ballot, each candidate's position shall be the same as on the full absentee ballot for the primary, pursuant to section 9-437, leaving blank columns where necessary.

      (P.A. 75-310, S. 1, 11; P.A. 77-245, S. 15; P.A. 78-24; P.A. 79-363, S. 11, 38; P.A. 84-319, S. 11, 49; P.A. 86-179, S. 4, 53; P.A. 87-509, S. 6, 24; P.A. 11-20, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 77-245 changed "town" to "municipal" clerk where appearing; P.A. 78-24 changed requirement for filing absentee ballot with secretary of the state to not later than 35 days, rather than 20 days, before election and further provided for filing of any corrections or alterations thereto; P.A. 79-363 made technical changes; P.A. 84-319 eliminated the requirement that secretary provide blank ballot facsimiles to municipal clerks, i.e. "without names of parties, candidates, offices and questions"; P.A. 86-179 deleted subsections requiring filing of absentee ballot forms and affidavits with secretary of the state and public availability of layouts of sample absentee ballots and added provision re modified absentee ballot for use in municipalities in which officers are voted upon without party designation; P.A. 87-509 added Subsec. (c), requiring preparation of separate and distinct absentee ballots for unaffiliated electors in case of primary in which unaffiliated electors authorized to vote for some but not all offices to be contested at primary; P.A. 11-20 amended Subsec. (a) to replace "ballot label" with "ballot" and eliminate requirement for Secretary of the State to send a ballot facsimile to each municipal clerk, effective May 24, 2011.

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      Sec. 9-135b. Preparation and printing of absentee ballots; layouts for public inspection; filing of ballot and affidavit with Secretary. Vacancies; procedure. Omissions or errors in printing. (a) Immediately after the deadline for certification of all candidates whose names are to appear on the ballot, and in sufficient time to begin issuing absentee ballots on the day prescribed by law, the municipal clerk shall prepare the absentee ballots and have them printed. Prior to printing such ballots, the registrars of voters of the municipality may provide comments concerning the content and form of such ballots to the clerk.

      (b) A layout model of each different absentee ballot shall be available for public inspection at the clerk's office prior to printing. The model shall indicate the type face to be used, the spelling and placement of names and other information to be printed on the ballots.

      (c) Immediately upon receiving the printed absentee ballots, the municipal clerk shall file one with the Secretary of the State or, if there are different ballots for different political subdivisions, one ballot for each subdivision. The clerk shall also file his affidavit with the Secretary, stating the number of ballots printed. The form of affidavit shall be prescribed by the Secretary. If any correction or alteration is subsequently made on any absentee ballot the clerk shall immediately file a corrected or altered ballot and, using the prescribed form, his affidavit stating the number of such ballots printed, with the Secretary.

      (d) If a vacancy in candidacy occurs after the ballots have been printed, the clerk may either reprint the ballots or cause blank or printed stickers, as the case may be, to be affixed to them so that the name of any candidate who has vacated his candidacy is deleted and the name of any candidate chosen to fill the vacancy as provided in section 9-428 or section 9-460 appears in the same position as that in which the vacated candidacy appeared except as provided in section 9-426 or 9-453s.

      (e) The Secretary of the State shall examine each absentee ballot required to be filed pursuant to this section and if a ballot contains an omission or error, the Secretary shall order the municipal clerk to reprint a corrected absentee ballot or to take such other action as the Secretary may deem appropriate.

      (P.A. 75-310, S. 2, 11; P.A. 79-363, S. 12, 38; P.A. 86-179, S. 5, 53; P.A. 11-20, S. 1; 11-173, S. 33.)

      History: P.A. 79-363 substituted municipal clerk for town clerk; P.A. 86-179 changed time limit for preparation and printing of ballot by municipal clerk, added requirements that layout models of ballots be available for public inspection and that ballots and affidavits be filed with the secretary of the state, changed reference to vacancy in nomination to vacancy in candidacy, added new Subsec. re examination and correction of ballots and deleted provisions re votes cast for candidates who have vacated their candidacies and counting of straight ticket votes; P.A. 11-173 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing "ballot label" with "ballot" and by adding language re comments by registrars, effective July 13, 2011.

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      Sec. 9-140. Application for and issuance of absentee ballots. Distribution of absentee ballot applications. Mailing unsolicited applications. Downloading applications. Summary of absentee voting laws. (a) Application for an absentee ballot shall be made to the clerk of the municipality in which the applicant is eligible to vote or has applied for such eligibility. Any person who assists another person in the completion of an application shall, in the space provided, sign the application and print or type his name, residence address and telephone number. Such signature shall be made under the penalties of false statement in absentee balloting. The municipal clerk shall not invalidate the application solely because it does not contain the name of a person who assisted the applicant in the completion of the application. The municipal clerk shall not distribute with an absentee ballot application any material which promotes the success or defeat of any candidate or referendum question. The municipal clerk shall maintain a log of all absentee ballot applications provided under this subsection, including the name and address of each person to whom applications are provided and the number of applications provided to each such person. Each absentee ballot application provided by the municipal clerk shall be consecutively numbered and be stamped or marked with the name of the municipality issuing the application. The application shall be signed by the applicant under the penalties of false statement in absentee balloting on (1) the form prescribed by the Secretary of the State pursuant to section 9-139a, (2) a form provided by any federal department or agency if applicable pursuant to section 9-153a, or (3) any of the special forms of application prescribed pursuant to section 9-150c, 9-153a, 9-153b, 9-153d, 9-153e, 9-153f or 9-158d, if applicable. Any such absentee ballot applicant who is unable to write may cause the application to be completed by an authorized agent who shall, in the spaces provided for the date and signature, write the date and name of the absentee ballot applicant followed by the word "by" and his own signature. If the ballot is to be mailed to the applicant, the applicant shall list the bona fide personal mailing address of the applicant in the appropriate space on the application.

      (b) A municipal clerk may transmit an application to a person under this subsection by facsimile machine or other electronic means, if so requested by the applicant. If a municipal clerk has a facsimile machine or other electronic means, an applicant may return a completed application to the clerk by such a machine or device, provided the applicant shall also mail the original of the completed application to the clerk, either separately or with the absentee ballot that is issued to the applicant. If the clerk does not receive such original application by the close of the polls on the day of the election, primary or referendum, the absentee ballot shall not be counted.

      (c) The municipal clerk shall check the name of each absentee ballot applicant against the last-completed registry list and any updated registry lists on file in the municipal clerk's office. If the name of such applicant does not appear on any of such lists, the clerk shall send such applicant a notice, in a form prescribed by the Secretary of the State, to the effect that (1) the applicant's name did not appear on the list of electors of the municipality at the time the application was processed, and (2) unless the applicant is admitted or restored as an elector of the municipality by the applicable cutoff dates an absentee ballot will not be mailed to him. Such notice shall not be so mailed if, prior to the mailing of the notice, the registrars provide the clerk with reliable information showing the absentee ballot applicant to be an elector of the municipality.

      (d) An absentee voting set shall consist of an absentee ballot, inner and outer envelopes for its return, instructions for its use, and if applicable, explanatory texts concerning ballot questions, as provided for in sections 2-30a and 9-369b. No other material shall be included with an absentee voting set issued to an applicant except as provided in sections 9-153e and 9-153f or where necessary to correct an error or omission as provided in section 9-153c.

      (e) Upon receipt of an application, the municipal clerk shall, unless a notice is mailed to the applicant pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, write the serial number of the outer envelope included in the absentee voting set to be issued to the applicant in the space provided for that purpose on the application form. Sets shall be issued to applicants in consecutive ascending numerical order of the envelope serial numbers, and the clerk shall keep a list of the numbers indicating beside each number the name of the applicant to whom that set was issued. The list shall be preserved as a public record as required by section 9-150b.

      (f) Absentee voting sets shall be issued beginning on the thirty-first day before an election and the twenty-first day before a primary or, if such day is a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, beginning on the next preceding business day.

      (g) On the first day of issuance of absentee voting sets the municipal clerk shall mail an absentee voting set to each applicant whose application was received by the clerk prior to that day. When the clerk receives an application during the time period in which absentee voting sets are to be issued he shall mail an absentee voting set to the applicant, within twenty-four hours, unless the applicant submits his application in person at the office of the clerk and asks to be given his absentee voting set immediately, in which case the clerk shall comply with the request. Any absentee voting set to be mailed to an applicant shall be mailed to the bona fide personal mailing address shown on the application. Issuance of absentee voting sets shall also be subject to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, section 9-150c and section 9-159q concerning persons designated to deliver or return ballots in cases involving unforeseen illness or disability and supervised voting at certain health care institutions.

      (h) No absentee ballot shall be issued on the day of an election or primary, or after the opening of the polls on the day of a referendum, except in cases involving unforeseen illness or disability or presidential or overseas ballots as provided in section 9-150c and sections 9-158a to 9-158m, inclusive.

      (i) The municipal clerk shall file executed applications in alphabetical order according to the applicants' surnames. Such applications shall be preserved as a public record as required by section 9-150b.

      (j) No person shall pay or give any compensation to another and no person shall accept any compensation solely for (1) distributing absentee ballot applications obtained from a municipal clerk or the Secretary of the State or (2) assisting any person in the execution of an absentee ballot.

      (k) (1) A person shall register with the town clerk before distributing five or more absentee ballot applications for an election, primary or referendum, not including applications distributed to such person's immediate family. Such requirement shall not apply to a person who is the designee of an applicant.

      (2) Any person who distributes absentee ballot applications shall maintain a list of the names and addresses of prospective absentee ballot applicants who receive such applications, and shall file such list with the town clerk prior to the date of the primary, election or referendum for which the applications were so distributed. Any person who distributes absentee ballot applications and receives an executed application shall forthwith file the application with the town clerk.

      (l) No candidate, party or political committee, or agent of such candidate or committee shall mail unsolicited applications for absentee ballots to any person, unless such mailing includes: (1) A written explanation of the eligibility requirements for voting by absentee ballot as prescribed in subsection (a) of section 9-135, and (2) a written warning that voting or attempting to vote by absentee ballot without meeting one or more of such eligibility requirements subjects the elector or applicant to potential civil and criminal penalties. As used in this subsection, "agent" means any person authorized to act on behalf of another person.

      (m) The Secretary of the State shall conspicuously post on the Secretary of the State's web site, adjacent to the absentee ballot application form available for downloading, a notice that the application may be downloaded by a person only for (1) the person's own use, (2) the use of a member of the person's immediate family, or (3) the use of a designee of the applicant. The notice shall also contain an advisory statement concerning the requirements of subsection (k) of this section.

      (n) The State Elections Enforcement Commission, in consultation with the Secretary of the State, shall prepare a summary of the requirements and prohibitions of the absentee voting laws, which shall be posted on said agencies' web sites. Candidates and political party chairpersons shall provide such summary to campaign and party employees and volunteers.

      (o) As used in this section, (1) "immediate family" has the same meaning as provided in subsection (a) of section 9-140b, and (2) "designee" has the same meaning as provided in subsection (b) of section 9-140b.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1135; 1953, 1955, S. 627d; 1957, P.A. 517, S. 2; 1959, P.A. 54; 1963, P.A. 139; 207, S. 1; February, 1965, P.A. 59, S. 1; 158, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 176, S. 3; 1971, P.A. 871, S. 71; P.A. 74-96, S. 4, 9; 74-141, S. 1, 2; P.A. 75-310, S. 5, 11; P.A. 76-50, S. 4, 7; P.A. 78-153, S. 2, 32; P.A. 79-363, S. 15, 38; P.A. 84-319, S. 13, 49; P.A. 85-514, S. 1; 85-577, S. 5; 85-592, S. 1; P.A. 86-179, S. 11, 53; P.A. 87-382, S. 9, 55; 87-532, S. 3, 10; P.A. 89-297, S. 3, 10, 11, 18; P.A. 93-384, S. 26, 28; P.A. 95-177, S. 1, 7; P.A. 97-154, S. 11, 27; P.A. 05-235, S. 2, 3; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1, S. 37; P.A. 11-173, S. 63.)

      History: 1959 act required applicant to give his bona fide personal mailing address to which ballot was to be sent; 1963 acts allowed application to be made at any time but reduced earliest time for giving or mailing ballot to applicant from 2 months to 45 days and authorized mailing of ballot to applicant at his request; 1965 acts deleted box on application form where applicant could request list, added provision, in case of armed forces members, not more than 90 days before election date, for ballot to be furnished, also provided if application received more than 90 days before election date, ballot to be mailed on ninetieth day and further provided list of all applicants be open to public inspection for period beginning 90 days before election, in lieu of 45, effective for elections held after January 1, 1966; 1967 act added provision for procedure to cover spouse or dependent of armed forces member, if living where member is stationed, to be covered by the 90-day provision, effective for elections held after January 1, 1968; 1971 act substituted "false statement" for "perjury"; P.A. 74-96 added "in absentee balloting" following "false statement", effective January 1, 1975; P.A. 74-141 in addition to list to be maintained of all applicants for absentee ballots provided for including the voting address, bona fide mailing address and reason given for requesting absentee ballot; P.A. 75-310 deleted reference to 90 days in case of members of armed forces, their spouses and dependents; further changed reference to 45 days to 30 days, further changed period for list open to public inspection to start 30 days before election, effective January 1, 1976; P.A. 76-50 made technical changes; P.A. 78-153 provided absentee ballots to be made available by a municipality 30 days before an election, spelled out procedure to be followed by clerk, specifying a 24-hour period following receipt of application during which action to be taken, further provided executed applications to be kept on hand for 60 days after election, in lieu of 6 months; P.A. 79-363 deleted provision for maintaining a list as public record and provided for the applications themselves to constitute the public record with destruction authorized after 60 days; P.A. 84-319 amended section to allow applicant to designate person to deliver ballot to him or return it to clerk; P.A. 85-514 divided section into Subsecs. and amended Subsec. (a) to prohibit giving or accepting compensation for distributing absentee ballot applications or for assisting persons in the execution of such ballots; P.A. 85-577 changed time frame from 30 days before an election to the thirty-first day before an election or the next preceding business weekday, required notices to electors whose names are not on registry lists that unless the applicant is an elector by applicable cutoff dates, an absentee ballot will not be mailed, and provided that such notices are not mailed if registrar provided clerk with reliable information that absentee ballot applicant is elector of the municipality; P.A. 85-592 added new Subsec. which allowed electors to return application by U.S. postal service, commercial carrier, courier or messenger services; P.A. 86-179 made technical changes, added requirement that applicants list bona fide personal mailing address on application, prohibited issuance of ballot on day of election or during voting hours on day of special election primary or referendum and added prohibition of compensation for distributing applications or assisting in execution of ballot; P.A. 87-382, in Subsec. (d), added references to Secs. 9-153e and 9-153f; P.A. 87-532 amended Subsec. (a) to require clerk to maintain log of absentee ballot applications and to sign or stamp each application provided, under penalties of false statement in absentee balloting, and to require any person obtaining application from a clerk for use of another person to sign and type his name, under same penalties; P.A. 89-297 amended Subsec. (a) by allowing person obtaining application from municipal clerk for use of another person to affix his signature stamp instead of signing the application and by adding prohibition on clerk distributing campaign material with application, substituted "twenty-first" for "nineteenth" in Subsec. (f) and amended Subsec. (h) to prohibit an absentee ballot from being issued on day of "an election or primary", instead of on day of "a regular election", or after opening of polls on day of "a referendum" instead of "a special election, primary or referendum"; P.A. 93-384 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize fax transmissions for sending and returning applications, effective January 1, 1994; P.A. 95-177 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provisions re log of absentee ballot applications and signature stamp, changing identification requirement from person obtaining application for use of another person to person assisting with completion of application, adding requirement of assistant's address and telephone number, provision re not invalidating application lacking name of assistant, and Subdiv. indicators, moving provision re applicant's mailing address from Subsec. (b) to (a), and making provision re facsimile machine Subsec. (b), and amended Subsecs. (e) and (i) by deleting explanation of time period set in Sec. 9-150b, effective January 1, 1996; P.A. 97-154 deleted provisions that forms prescribed by Secretary of the State be provided by the secretary, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 05-235 amended Subsec. (a) to require municipal clerk to maintain a log of absentee ballot applications provided and require that each application provided by municipal clerk be consecutively numbered and stamped or marked with name of municipality, and added Subsecs. (k) to (o), inclusive, re requirements for absentee ballot distributors, mailing unsolicited applications, notice on the Secretary of the State's web site re downloading applications, and a summary of absentee voting laws by the State Elections Enforcement Commission, effective July 1, 2005, and applicable to elections, primaries and referenda held on or after September 1, 2005; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1 amended Subsec. (b) by allowing for transmission of application by electronic means other than facsimile, effective June 22, 2010; P.A. 11-173 amended Subsec. (c) by replacing "supplementary" with "updated" re registry lists, effective July 13, 2011.

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      Sec. 9-140c. (Formerly Sec. 9-147). List of applicants returning ballots to clerk. Sorting of ballots and checking of names on registry list; rejection of ballot if name not on list. Times for delivery of ballots. Preservation of secrecy. Late ballots retained by clerk. (a) The municipal clerk shall retain the envelopes containing absentee ballots received by him under section 9-140b and shall not open such envelopes. The municipal clerk shall endorse over his signature, upon each outer envelope as he receives it, the date and precise time of its receipt. The clerk shall make an affidavit attesting to the accuracy of all such endorsements, and at the close of the polls shall deliver such affidavit to the head moderator, who shall endorse the time of its receipt and return it to the clerk after all counting is complete. The clerk shall preserve the affidavit for one hundred eighty days in accordance with the requirements of section 9-150b. The clerk shall keep a list of the names of the applicants who return absentee ballots to the clerk under section 9-140b. The list shall be preserved as a public record as required by section 9-150b.

      (b) Beginning not earlier than the seventh day before the election, primary or referendum and on any weekday thereafter, all absentee ballots received by the municipal clerk not later than eleven o'clock a.m. of such day may be sorted into voting districts by the clerk and checked as provided in this subsection. On any such day, beginning as soon as the ballots have been sorted, the registrars of voters, without opening the outer envelopes, may check the names of the applicants returning ballots on the official checklist to be used at the election, primary or referendum by indicating "absentee" or "A" preceding each such name and, if unaffiliated electors are authorized under section 9-431 to vote in the primary of either of two parties, the designation of the party in which the applicants are voting preceding each such name. If central counting of absentee ballots has been designated by the registrars pursuant to section 9-147a, they shall also place such indication on a duplicate of the checklist to be retained by the municipal clerk until he delivers it to the registrars at twelve o'clock noon on election, primary or referendum day for the use of the absentee ballot counters pursuant to subsection (i) of this section. All absentee ballots received not later than eleven o'clock a.m. of the last day before the election, primary or referendum which is not a Sunday or legal holiday, shall be so sorted and checked not later than such day.

      (c) If the name of the applicant returning the ballot is not on the official checklist for any polling place in such municipality, the registrars shall endorse on the face of such outer envelope the word "rejected", followed by a statement of the reasons for rejection, and the outer envelope shall not be opened or the ballot counted.

      (d) After such checking has been completed on any such day, the municipal clerk shall seal the unopened ballots in a package and retain them in a safe place.

      (e) Ballots received not later than eleven o'clock a.m. on such last day before the election, primary or referendum shall be delivered by the clerk to the registrars not earlier than ten o'clock a.m. and not later than twelve o'clock noon on the day of the election or primary and at twelve o'clock noon on the day of a referendum. If central counting has been designated pursuant to section 9-147a, the clerk shall also deliver to the registrars at this time the duplicate checklist provided for in subsection (b) of this section, for the use of the absentee ballot counters pursuant to subsection (i) of this section.

      (f) Absentee ballots timely received by the clerk after eleven o'clock a.m. of such last day before an election, primary or referendum shall be sorted into voting districts by the clerk and retained by him separately until delivered to the registrars of voters for checking.

      (g) Any or all of such ballots received after eleven o'clock a.m. of such last day before an election, primary or referendum and before six o'clock p.m. on the day of the election, primary or referendum shall, upon request of the registrars, be delivered to the registrars by the municipal clerk at six o'clock p.m. on the day of the election, primary or referendum for checking.

      (h) Absentee ballots received after six o'clock p.m. and any ballots received prior to six which were not delivered earlier shall be delivered to the registrars at the close of the polls for checking. Although absentee ballots shall be checked by the registrars of voters at various times throughout the election, primary or referendum day, absentee ballots may be counted at one single time during such day.

      (i) (1) The absentee ballot counters, upon receipt of the ballots delivered by the clerk to the registrars at six o'clock p.m. and at the close of the polls pursuant to subsections (g) and (h) of this section, shall check the names of the applicants returning ballots on the official checklist in the same manner as provided in subsections (b) and (c) of this section, except as otherwise provided in this subsection. (2) If central counting has been designated pursuant to section 9-147a, the names of applicants whose ballots were delivered at six o'clock p.m. shall be called in to the appropriate polling places where they shall be checked by the checkers on the official checklists, and they shall also be checked by the absentee ballot counters on the duplicate checklist required under subsection (b) of this section. (3) If central counting has been designated, the names of applicants whose ballots were delivered at the close of the polls shall be checked by the absentee ballot counters on the official checklists used at the polling places. The official checklists, bearing the certifications required by section 9-307, shall be delivered by the registrars or assistant registrars to the central counting moderator for that purpose. (4) If the name of an applicant returning a ballot has been checked on the official checklist as having voted in person the absentee ballot counters shall, in checking the ballots, endorse on the face of the outer envelope the word "rejected" followed by a statement of the reason for rejection, and the outer envelope shall not be opened or the ballot counted. (5) When central counting is completed and the result is announced, the central counting moderator shall deliver the duplicate checklist, the official checklists and the returns required by section 9-150b to the head moderator.

      (j) Each time ballots are delivered by the clerk to the registrars on election, primary or referendum day, the clerk and registrars shall execute an affidavit of delivery and receipt stating the number of ballots delivered. The clerk shall preserve the affidavit for six months in accordance with section 9-150b.

      (k) Each group of absentee ballots shall be counted by the absentee ballot counters when received from the registrars on election, primary or referendum day, in the manner provided in section 9-150a.

      (l) The municipal clerk shall retain all outer envelopes containing absentee ballots received by him after the close of the polls, unopened, for the period prescribed in section 9-150b.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1143; 1953, S. 634d; 1963, P.A. 43; 1967, P.A. 831, S. 3; 1972, P.A. 196, S. 15; P.A. 75-125, S. 2, 3; 75-300, S. 5, 9; P.A. 77-187, S. 1, 9; 77-245, S. 2; P.A. 78-75, S. 1, 3; 78-153, S. 21, 32; P.A. 79-363, S. 16, 38; P.A. 81-424, S. 1; P.A. 84-319, S. 17, 49; P.A. 85-592, S. 3; P.A. 86-179, S. 14, 53; P.A. 87-382, S. 10, 55; 87-509, S. 23, 24; 87-532, S. 5, 10; P.A. 95-171, S. 11, 14; P.A. 96-119, S. 3, 14; P.A. 11-173, S. 10.)

      History: 1963 act allowed clerk to deliver ballots promptly after as well as before the opening of the polls; 1967 act made technical changes; 1972 act provided that on day of municipal or special election not held coincidentally with a regular or special state election, prior to or promptly after polls open and again promptly after twelve noon, when day of election is Monday, clerk to deliver absentee ballots to registrars, and further on day of regular or special state election clerk to deliver absentee ballots immediately after twelve noon and again immediately after the close of the polls to the registrars, also at any time or times between noon and the close of the polls may deliver any envelopes received during that period; P.A. 75-125 deleted distinction between municipal and state elections and provided for delivery of ballots to registrars at any election immediately after twelve noon and after closing of polls as well as any time in between at discretion of clerk, effective January 1, 1976; P.A. 75-300 changed twelve noon to two p.m. and further deleted discretionary deliveries between that time and closing of polls, effective January 1, 1976; P.A. 77-187 deleted all provisions for delivery of ballots by clerk to registrars, provided that ballots received before eleven a.m. of day before election be sorted into voting districts by clerk, that registrars to start checking as ballots are available from clerk the names of such voters on registry list and if name not on list, without opening ballot to indicate "not counted" thereon and reason therefor upon completion ballots retained in sealed package by clerk until delivered to registrars at twelve noon, election day, that ballots received in timely fashion after eleven a.m. day before election to be sorted and delivered to registrars after polls close, that, if admission form of member of armed forces or related group is received by five p.m. at day before election, his absentee ballot, received before the admission form, to be counted and that where absentee ballots cast in election on first Monday in May, ballots to be checked against registry list on last weekday before election; P.A. 77-245 changed "town" to "municipal" clerk; P.A. 78-75 provided for delivery and checking of ballots received since last delivery at five p.m. on request of registrars and again any ballots not previously delivered to be delivered at the close of polls; P.A. 78-153 made technical changes; P.A. 79-363 changed five p.m. delivery time to six p.m.; P.A. 81-424 provided for optional sorting and checking of ballots on a daily basis for seven days prior to the election; P.A. 84-319 divided section into Subsecs. and amended section to provide uniformity in procedures for sorting, checking and marking absentee ballot envelopes; P.A. 85-592 applied provisions of section to referenda and amended Subsec. (b) to require that clerk and registrars execute affidavit of delivery and receipt stating number of ballots delivered; P.A. 86-179 changed term "registry list" to "official checklist" and made technical changes; Sec. 9-147 transferred to Sec. 9-140c in 1987; P.A. 87-382 substituted "one hundred eighty days" for "six months"; P.A. 87-509 amended Subsec. (b) to provide that checking by registrars, if unaffiliated electors authorized to vote in primary of either of two parties, to include designation of party in which applicants are voting preceding each name; P.A. 87-532 amended Subsec. (a) to require clerk to keep list of names of applicants returning absentee ballots to clerk; P.A. 95-171 amended Subsec. (e) by changing time of delivery of ballots from noon to between nine a.m. and noon for an election or primary and not later than noon for a referendum, effective January 1, 1996; P.A. 96-119 amended Subsec. (e) to replace "nine" with "ten" o'clock and replace "not later than" with "at" twelve o'clock, effective May 24, 1996; P.A. 11-173 amended Subsecs. (e) to (h) by deleting language re specific times for counting and references to such times and counting, and by adding language re counting a single time in Subsec. (h), effective July 13, 2011.

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      Sec. 9-140e. Permanently physically disabled elector. Status for receipt of absentee ballot applications. (a) Any elector who is permanently physically disabled and who files an application for an absentee ballot with a certification from a primary care provider, indicating that such elector is permanently physically disabled and unable to appear in person at such elector's designated polling location, shall be eligible for permanent absentee ballot status and shall receive an application for an absentee ballot for each election, primary or referendum conducted in such elector's municipality for which such elector is eligible to vote. Such elector's permanent absentee ballot status shall remain in effect until such elector: (1) Is removed from the official registry list of the municipality, (2) is removed from permanent absentee ballot status pursuant to the provisions of this section, or (3) requests that he or she no longer receive such permanent absentee ballot status.

      (b) The registrars of voters shall send written notice to each such elector with permanent absentee ballot status in January of each year, on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the State, for the purpose of determining if such elector continues to reside at the address indicated on the elector's permanent absentee ballot application. If such written notice is not returned within thirty days or is returned as undeliverable, the elector in question shall be removed from permanent absentee ballot status. If such elector indicates on such notice that the elector no longer resides at such address and the elector's new address is within the same municipality, the registrars of voters shall change the elector's address pursuant to section 9-35 and such elector shall retain permanent absentee ballot status. If the elector indicates on such notice that the elector no longer resides in the municipality, the registrars of voters shall remove such individual from the registry list of the municipality and send such individual an application for voter registration. Failure to return such written notice shall not result in the removal of an elector from the official registry list of the municipality.

      (P.A. 11-173, S. 56.)

      History: P.A. 11-173 effective January 1, 2012.

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      Sec. 9-150a. Counting procedures. (a) Starting time designated by registrars of voters. The absentee ballot counters shall proceed to the polling places for which they have been assigned ballots or to the central counting location at the times designated by the registrars of voters.

      (b) Delivery and checking of ballots. At the time each group of ballots is delivered to them pursuant to section 9-140c, the counters shall perform any checking of such ballots required by subsection (i) of said section and shall then proceed as hereinafter provided.

      (c) Removal of inner envelopes. Count of total number of ballots received. Except with respect to ballots marked "Rejected" pursuant to section 9-140c or other applicable law, the counters shall remove the inner envelopes from the outer envelopes, shall note the total number of absentee ballots received and shall report such total to the moderator. They shall similarly note and separately so report the total numbers of presidential ballots and overseas ballots received pursuant to sections 9-158a to 9-158m, inclusive.

      (d) Ballot rejected if inner envelope statement not executed. (1) If the statement on the inner envelope has not been signed as required by section 9-140a, such inner envelope shall not be opened or the ballot removed therefrom, and such inner envelope shall be replaced in the opened outer envelope which shall be marked "Rejected" and the reason therefor endorsed thereon by the counters. (2) If such statement is signed but the individual completing the ballot is an individual described in subsection (a) of section 9-23r and has not met the requirements of subsection (e) of section 9-23r, the counters shall replace the ballot in the opened inner envelope, replace the inner envelope in the opened outer envelope and mark "Rejected as an Absentee Ballot" and endorse the reason for such rejection on the outer envelope, and the ballot shall be treated as a provisional ballot for federal offices only, pursuant to sections 9-232i to 9-232o, inclusive.

      (e) Removal of ballots from inner envelopes. The counters shall then remove the absentee ballots from the remaining inner envelopes.

      (f) Inner and outer envelopes to be sealed in depository envelopes. Before the ballots are counted, all opened outer and inner envelopes from which such ballots have been removed, and all outer envelopes marked "Rejected" as required by law, shall be placed and sealed by the counters, separately by voting district, in depository envelopes prescribed by the Secretary of the State and provided by the municipal clerk. The counters shall seal such depository envelopes by wrapping them lengthwise and sideways with nonreusable tape, endorse on each such envelope their names, the voting district and the time of the count, and deliver such envelopes to the moderator.

      (g) Moderator to supervise counting. The counters shall then count such ballots as provided in this section. The moderator shall supervise the counting.

      (h) Procedure manual. The Secretary of the State shall provide a procedure manual for counting absentee ballots. The manual shall include a description of the steps to be followed in receiving, handling, counting and preserving absentee ballots. Facsimile ballots shall be printed in the manual, illustrating potential variations in ballot markings along with the correct interpretation to be given in each situation illustrated.

      (i) Write-in votes. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this section the provisions of section 9-265 shall apply to write-in votes on absentee ballots at elections.

      (2) Votes cast by absentee ballot at a primary may be counted only for candidates whose names appear on the ballot on primary day, and no write-in vote shall be counted except as provided in subdivision (3) of this subsection.

      (3) If a write-in vote on an absentee ballot is cast for a candidate for any office whose name appears on the ballot for that office on election or primary day, such candidate's name shall be deemed to have been checked on such ballot and, except as otherwise provided in subsection (j) of this section, one vote shall be counted and recorded for such candidate for such office.

      (4) Except as otherwise provided in section 9-265, if the name of a registered write-in candidate for an office is written in for such office on an absentee ballot it shall be deemed validly written in for purposes of subsection (j) of this section.

      (j) Intent of voter to govern; presumptions. In the counting of absentee ballots the intent of the voter shall govern, provided the following conclusive presumptions, where applicable, shall prevail in determining such intent:

      (1) If the names of more candidates for an office than the voter is entitled to vote for are checked or validly written in, then the vote cast for that office shall be deemed an invalid overvote.

      (2) If the name of a candidate who has vacated his candidacy is checked such vote shall not be counted.

      (3) On an absentee ballot on which candidates' names are printed, a vote shall be deemed cast only for each candidate whose name is individually checked or validly written in, except as otherwise provided in this subsection. If a party designation is circled, checked, underscored or similarly marked in any manner, or written in, no vote shall be deemed cast or cancelled for any candidate by virtue of such marking or writing.

      (k) Questions submitted to moderator for decision. If the intent of an absentee voter is difficult to ascertain due to uncertain, conflicting or incorrect ballot markings which are not clearly addressed in this section or in the procedure manual for counting absentee ballots provided by the Secretary of the State, the absentee ballot counters shall submit the ballot and their question to the moderator. They shall then count the ballot in accordance with the moderator's decision as to the voter's intent, if such intent is ascertainable. A ballot or part of a ballot on which the intent is determined by the moderator to be not ascertainable, shall not be counted. The moderator shall endorse on the ballot the question and his decision.

      (l) Rejection of marked ballots. No absentee ballot shall be rejected as a marked ballot unless, in the opinion of the moderator, it was marked for the purpose of providing a means of identifying the voter who cast it.

      (m) Placing of ballots in depository envelopes. After the absentee ballots have been so counted they shall be placed by the counters, separately by voting district, in depository envelopes prescribed by the Secretary of the State and provided by the municipal clerk. Any notes, worksheets, or other written materials used by the counters in counting such ballots shall be endorsed by them with their names, the date and the time of the count and shall also be placed in such depository envelopes together with the ballots, and with the separate record of the number of votes cast on such ballots for each candidate as required by section 9-150b. Such depository envelopes shall then be sealed, endorsed and delivered to the moderator by the counters in the same manner as provided in subsection (f) of this section.

      (P.A. 86-179, S. 19, 53; P.A. 87-197, S. 2, 3; 87-382, S. 11, 55; P.A. 91-286, S. 2, 3; P.A. 95-171, S. 7, 14; P.A. 96-119, S. 4, 14; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 97; P.A. 04-257, S. 7; P.A. 11-20, S. 1; 11-173, S. 11.)

      History: P.A. 87-197 and 87-382 repealed provisions in former Subsecs. (j) and (k) re straight-ticket party block, relettered Subsec. (k) as Subsec. (j) and remaining Subsecs. accordingly and made technical changes; P.A. 87-197 amended section further by adding new Subdiv. (3) in relettered Subsec. (j) re marking of a party designation; P.A. 91-286 amended Subsecs. (f) and (m) to require that depository envelopes be prescribed by secretary of the state and provided by municipal clerk instead of provided by secretary; P.A. 95-171 amended Subsec. (a) by changing the time ballot counters arrive from not earlier than noon to between nine a.m. and noon for an election or primary and not later than noon for a referendum, effective January 1, 1996; P.A. 96-119 amended Subsec. (a) to replace "nine" with "ten" o'clock and replace "not later than" with "not earlier than" twelve o'clock noon on the day of a referendum, effective May 24, 1996; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 amended Subsec. (d) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and adding Subdiv. (2) re ballot completed by individual described in Sec. 9-23r(a) who has not met requirements of Sec. 9-23r(e), effective January 1, 2004; P.A. 04-257 made a technical change in Subsec. (d), effective June 14, 2004; P.A. 11-173 replaced language re specific time for counting with language re times designated by the registrars of voters in Subsec. (a), made a technical change in Subsec. (c) and replaced "ballot label" with "ballot" in Subsec. (i), effective July 13, 2011.

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