Location:
MUNICIPALITIES; POLICE;
Scope:
Connecticut laws/regulations;

OLR Research Report


April 25, 2011

 

2011-R-0194

CONNECTICUT POLICE DEPARTMENT STATISTICS

By: Veronica Rose, Chief Analyst

You asked for statistics on police departments in Connecticut. Specifically, you want to know how many municipal police departments are in the state and the number of sworn officers in each. You also want to know how many towns are under State Police jurisdiction.

SUMMARY

There are 92 municipal police departments in Connecticut (including (1) Groton City, Groton Town, and Groton Long Point, which are counted as municipal police departments for purposes of this report, and (2) Putnam, which is included both in the municipal police department count and as a town under State Police jurisdiction). As of April 2011, the 92 departments employed 6,656 officers.

Eighty-one towns are under State Police jurisdiction either because they do not have their own organized police department or have agreed to let the State Police supervise their police or constables. The State Police provides law enforcement services in these towns through 12 troop locations, with each troop responsible for several towns. Any town that wants its own trooper must execute a contract with the State Police and pay 70% of the trooper's “compensation, maintenance and other expenses.” Otherwise, State Police towns do not pay for any law enforcement services the State Police provides. Fifty-six of the 81 State Police towns have resident state troopers (total 115); the other 25 are served by the State Police troop responsible for the town.

CONNECTICUT MUNICIPAL POLICE DEPARTMENTS

Connecticut has 92 municipal police departments. As of April 2011, they employed a total of 6,656 police officers. Nineteen departments have 100 or more police officers, with the largest five being Hartford (445), New Haven (443), Bridgeport (406), Waterbury (292), and Stamford (282). Fifty-four departments employ 50 or fewer officers, including 13 that employ fewer than 20. (For purposes of this report, we counted Groton, Groton City, and Groton Long Point as municipalities. We also included Putnam, which has an organized police department, although part of the municipality is under State Police jurisdiction.) Table 1 shows the 92 municipal police departments and number of police officers employed in each.

Table 1: Municipal Police Departments in Connecticut as of April 2011 (92)

Town

No of Sworn Officers

Town

No. of Sworn Officers

Town

No. of Sworn Officers

1. Ansonia

43

32. Guilford

35

63. Rocky Hill

33

2. Avon

34

33. Hamden

107

64. Seymour

42

3. Berlin

39

34. Hartford

445

65. Shelton

58

4. Bethel

39

35. Madison

28

66.. Simsbury

35

5. Bloomfield

47

36. Manchester

113

67.. S. Windsor

40

6. Branford

56

37. Meriden

127

68. Southington

75

7. Bridgeport

406

38. Middlebury

15

69. Stamford

282

8. Bristol

116

39. Middletown

97

70. Stonington

38

9. Brookfield

34

40. Milford

113

71. Stratford

119

10. Canton

14

41. Monroe

45

72. Suffield

22

11. Cheshire

51

42. Naugatuck

59

73. Thomaston

14

12. Clinton

26

43. New Britain

148

74. Torrington

85

13. Coventry

14

42. New Canaan

45

75. Trumbull

73

14. Cromwell

25

45. New Haven

443

76. Vernon

46

15. Danbury

160

46. New London

92

77. Wallingford

74

16. Darien

53

47. New Milford

47

78. Waterbury

292

17. Derby

37

48. Newington

52

79. Waterford

46

18. East Hampton

15

49. Newtown

43

80. Watertown

44

19. E. Hartford

123

50. North Branford

23

81. West Hartford

125

20. E. Haven

58

51. N. Haven

46

82. West Haven

112

21 E. Windsor

25

52 Norwalk

176

83. Weston

14

22. Easton

18

53. Norwich

76

84. Westport

81

23. Enfield

98

54. Old Saybrook

28

85. Wethersfield

48

24. Fairfield

106

55. Orange

43

86. Willimantic

41

25. Farmington

49

56. Plainfield

16

87. Wilton

42

26. Glastonbury

54

57. Plainville

33

88. Winchester

19

27. Granby

14

58. Plymouth

24

89. Windsor

49

28. Greenwich

170

59. Portland

12

90. Windsor Locks

25

29. Groton City

30

60. Putnam

15

91. Wolcott

25

30. Groton Long Point

8

61. Redding

16

92. Woodbridge

26

31. Groton Town

68

62. Ridgefield

39

   

Source: Police Officer Standards and Training Council

RESIDENT STATE TROOPERS

The State Police is responsible for providing law enforcement coverage, including patrol services, in 81 towns that either do not have an organized police department or have agreed to let the State Police supervise their police officers or constables. It provides the coverage through 12 troops operating from barracks across the state. Each troop is responsible for several towns (see Attachment 1). Normally, officers are not assigned to work exclusively with specific towns. Thus, some towns opt for law enforcement coverage in the form of state police officers stationed in the towns and working exclusively for the towns (i.e., resident troopers).

By law, the public safety commissioner may appoint state police officers as resident state troopers in towns that do not have an organized police force. Resident troopers have the same powers as regular state police officers and are entitled to the same rights and subject to the same rules and regulations as the Division of State Police (CGS 29-5). A town that wants resident troopers must enter into a contract with the State Police. The contract can be for up to two years and may be terminated by either party.

Each town pays 70% of the cost of the resident trooper's “compensation, maintenance and other expenses” (CGS 29-5). This includes 70% of the wages and fringe benefits associated with overtime, according to a 2009 attorney general's opinion (Attorney General Op. 2009-005, June 30, 2009). The actual dollar figure may vary depending on the assigned trooper's pay grade.

Currently 56 towns have resident state troopers. Just over half of them (30) have only one resident trooper; one-quarter (14) of them have two; and 12 have three or more, with Mansfield having the most (8). The total number of resident troopers currently assigned in the 56 towns is 115 (see Table 1).

Table 2: Towns with Resident State Troopers as of April 2011 (56)

Town

No. of Resident Troopers

Town

No. of Resident Troopers

Town

No. of Resident Troopers

1. Andover

1

20. Essex*

1

39. N. Stonington

3

2. Barkhamsted

1

21. Griswold

2

40. Old Lyme*

2

3. Beacon Falls

1

22. Haddam

2

41. Oxford*

5

4. Bethany

1

23. Harwinton

2

42. Preston

2

5. Bethlehem

1

24. Hebron*

2

43. Prospect*

1

6. Bolton

2

25. Killingly

4

44. Roxbury*

1

7. Bridgewater

1

26. Killingworth

1

45. Salem

2

8. Brooklyn

2

27. Lebanon*

1

46. Salisbury*

1

9. Burlington*

3

28. Ledyard*

1

47. Sherman

1

10. Chaplin

1

29. Lisbon

1

48. Somers*

6

11. Chester*

1

30. Litchfield*

2

49. Southbury*

1

12. Colchester*

2

31. Mansfield*

8

50. Sprague

1

13. Columbia

1

32. Marlborough*

2

51. Stafford*

5

14. Deep River*

1

33. Middlefield*

1

52. Sterling

1

15. Durham

1

34. Montville*

1

53. Tolland

5

16. E. Granby*

3

35. New Fairfield*

7

54. Washington*

1

17. E. Haddam*

2

36. New Hartford*

2

55. Westbrook*

3

18. E. Lyme*

1

37. Norfolk

1

56. Woodbury*

1

19. Ellington

5

38. North Canaan

1

   

Source: Division of State Police

*Towns with police officers or constables supervised by the State Police

TOWNS UNDER STATE POLICE JURISDICTION

Twenty-five of the 81 towns under State Police jurisdiction do not have resident troopers. The State Police, through its 12 troops, provides a full range of law enforcement services in these towns (see Table 3).

Table 3: Non-Resident Trooper Towns Under State Police Jurisdiction as of April 2011 (25)

Town

Troop

Providing Coverage

Town

Troop Providing Coverage

1. Ashford

C

14. Lyme

F

2. Bozrah

K

15. Pomfret

D

3. Canaan

B

16. Putnam*

D

4. Canterbury

D

17. Scotland

D

5. Colebrook

B

18. Sharon

B

6. Cornwall

B

19. Thompson

D

7. Eastford

D

20. Union

C

8. Franklin

K

21. Voluntown

E

9. Goshen

B

22. Warren

L

10. Hampton

D

23. Willington

C

11. Hartland

B

24. Windham**

K

12. Kent

L

25. Woodstock

D

13. Morris

F

   

Source: Division of State Police

*The town of Putnam has a service district that has its own police department but the rest of the town is under State Police jurisdiction.

**The State Police, on its own initiative, has stationed three troopers in the Windham Heights Housing project because of public safety issues associated with the project. These services are provided at no cost to the town.

VR:ts

ATTACHMENT: 1