CHAPTER 883
SUPREME COURT

Table of Contents

Sec. 51-198. Constitution of Supreme Court; retired judges, terms, participation in meetings; deliberation and participation in disposition of case after age of seventy.
Sec. 51-198a. Law clerks.
Sec. 51-199. Jurisdiction.
Sec. 51-199a. Short title: Uniform Certification of Questions of Law Act.
Sec. 51-199b. Uniform Certification of Questions of Law Act.
Sec. 51-200. Terms and special sessions.
Sec. 51-201. Chief clerk of the Supreme Court.
Sec. 51-202. Court docket.
Sec. 51-203. Assignment of cases.
Sec. 51-204. Quorum; judges called in.
Sec. 51-205. Judges released from judicial duties on Superior Court, exception.
Sec. 51-206. Adjournment in absence of judges.
Sec. 51-207. Composition of panel. Summoning of court members or other judges to constitute panel.
Sec. 51-208. Judgment by agreement of parties.
Sec. 51-209. Majority of judges on panel to concur in decision. Procedure when court evenly divided.
Sec. 51-210. Costs of preparation and transmission of records in appealed cases.
Sec. 51-211. Notice of decisions.

      Sec. 51-198. Constitution of Supreme Court; retired judges, terms, participation in meetings; deliberation and participation in disposition of case after age of seventy. (a) The Supreme Court shall consist of one Chief Justice and six associate judges, who shall, at the time of their appointment, also be appointed judges of the Superior Court.

      (b) In addition thereto, each Chief Justice or associate judge of the Supreme Court who elects to retain office but to retire from full-time active service shall continue to be a member of the Supreme Court during the remainder of his or her term of office and during the term of any reappointment under section 51-50i, until he or she attains the age of seventy years. He or she shall be entitled to participate in the meetings of the judges of the Supreme Court and vote as a member thereof, but only with respect to matters for which he or she has been summoned pursuant to subsection (b) of section 51-207.

      (c) A judge of the Supreme Court who has attained the age of seventy years may continue to deliberate and participate in all matters concerning the disposition of any case which the judge heard prior to attaining said age, until such time as the decision in any such case is officially released. The judge may also participate in the deliberation of a motion for reconsideration in such case if such motion is filed within ten days of the official release of such decision.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7672; February, 1965, P.A. 331, S. 26; P.A. 74-309, S. 10, 17; P.A. 82-248, S. 101; P.A. 87-508, S. 3, 10; P.A. 00-191, S. 11, 16; P.A. 01-195, S. 53, 181; P.A. 06-152, S. 13.)

      History: 1965 act increased number of associate judges from four to five; P.A. 74-309 added provisions re powers and privileges of chief justice or associate judge of supreme court who retains office but retires from full-time service; P.A. 82-248 made technical revision, rewording some provisions and dividing section into Subsecs., but made no substantive change; P.A. 87-508 increased number of associate judges from five to six; P.A. 00-191 added Subsec. (c) providing that judge of Supreme Court who has attained age of 70 may continue to deliberate and participate in all matters concerning disposition of case which judge heard prior to attaining age 70, until decision is released and may participate in deliberation if motion for reconsideration is filed, effective May 26, 2000; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsec. (b) for purposes of gender neutrality, effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 06-152 amended Subsec. (b) by making a technical change and inserting "but only with respect to matters for which he or she has been summoned pursuant to subsection (b) of section 51-207", effective June 6, 2006.

      Cited. 135 C. 267.

      Subsec. (c):

      Limited, temporary duties authorized in Subsec. do not amount to "holding office" and therefore do not contravene mandatory retirement provision of Article V, Sec. 6 of Connecticut Constitution. 293 C. 641.


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      Sec. 51-198a. Law clerks. Section 51-198a is repealed.

      (1959, P.A. 623, S. 1; 1963, P.A. 286; 1971, P.A. 588; P.A. 76-436, S. 10a, 382, 681; P.A. 78-130, S. 1, 2.)

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      Sec. 51-199. Jurisdiction. (a) The Supreme Court shall have final and conclusive jurisdiction of all matters brought before it according to law, and may carry into execution all its judgments and decrees and institute rules of practice and procedure as to matters before it.

      (b) The following matters shall be taken directly to the Supreme Court: (1) Any matter brought pursuant to the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court under section 2 of article sixteen of the amendments to the Constitution; (2) an appeal in any matter where the Superior Court declares invalid a state statute or a provision of the state Constitution; (3) an appeal in any criminal action involving a conviction for a capital felony, class A felony, or other felony, including any persistent offender status, for which the maximum sentence which may be imposed exceeds twenty years; (4) review of a sentence of death pursuant to section 53a-46b; (5) any election or primary dispute brought to the Supreme Court pursuant to section 9-323 or 9-325; (6) an appeal of any reprimand or censure of a probate judge pursuant to section 45a-65; (7) any matter regarding judicial removal or suspension pursuant to section 51-51j; (8) an appeal of any decision of the Judicial Review Council pursuant to section 51-51r; (9) any matter brought to the Supreme Court pursuant to section 52-265a; (10) writs of error; and (11) any other matter as provided by law.

      (c) The Supreme Court may transfer to itself a cause in the Appellate Court. Except for any matter brought pursuant to its original jurisdiction under section 2 of article sixteen of the amendments to the Constitution, the Supreme Court may transfer a cause or class of causes from itself, including any cause or class of causes pending on July 1, 1983, to the Appellate Court. The court to which a cause is transferred has jurisdiction.

      (d) The Supreme Court may issue all writs necessary or appropriate in aid of its jurisdiction and agreeable to the usages and principles of law.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7674; P.A. 82-248, S. 102; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29, S. 2, 82; P.A. 97-178, S. 2; P.A. 98-81, S. 5; P.A. 03-176, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 82-248 changed "rules of practice for its regulation" to "rules of practice and procedure as to matters before it"; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29 added Subsecs. (b) and (c) concerning matters taken directly to the supreme court and transfers from appellate court; P.A. 97-178 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting provision re appeal of class A felony or other felony, including persistent offender status, for which maximum sentence exceeds 20 years; P.A. 98-81 amended Subsec. (b)(3) by adding "class A felony, or other felony, including any persistent offender status, for which the maximum sentence which may be imposed exceeds twenty years"; P.A. 03-176 made technical changes in Subsec. (b) and added Subsec. (d) re issuance of writs, effective June 26, 2003.

      See Sec. 51-14 re rules.

      Jurisdiction of supreme court confined to causes and matters which have been regularly before the court below. 8 C. 165; 15 C. 341. May review decision of superior court on habeas corpus. 33 C. 321. Will not generally reconsider questions of law after once giving advice on reservation. 26 C. 110; 43 C. 255; 44 C. 391. Is a court of law only, and will not find or infer facts. 27 C. 278; 29 C. 496; 34 C. 169; 35 C. 469; 38 C. 479; 40 C. 330; 50 C. 275, 276; 62 C. 507; 64 C. 432. Has no jurisdiction of motion for new trial, unless completed and allowed according to law. 9 C. 112. Procedure where supreme court is overruled by U.S. supreme court. 1 C. 102; 82 C. 702. May decline to give an opinion as to the validity of a proposed act, at the request of general assembly. 33 C. 586. Will try an issue of fact on a plea in abatement of original process. 41 C. 190. History and jurisdiction in general. 64 C. 432. Cannot issue mandamus. 80 C. 326. On reversal of judgment in jury case, cannot direct judgment to be entered for appellant. 81 C. 578. Power to direct trial court to certify evidence. 82 C. 132; 88 C. 211; To compel trial judge to state grounds of action on demurrer. 69 C. 485. As to power of court, sitting in one district, to pass order as to appeal pending in another. 70 C. 500. Want of jurisdiction in lower court will not prevent court considering appeal. 68 C. 561. Will not review conclusions of fact; 67 C. 349; 73 C. 410; 75 C. 140; 75 C. 302; 77 C. 666; 79 C. 709; 81 C. 84; 82 C. 254; act requiring retrial of facts is unconstitutional. 67 C. 505; 102 C. 541. Errors as to questions of fact will be considered only to complete record to present questions of law. 65 C. 79; 67 C. 466. It is improper to seek to get court to review facts. 75 C. 302; 77 C. 368. But it is error to find a material fact without evidence. 73 C. 692; 82 C. 5; 84 C. 93; 84 C. 121; 109 C. 348. Or to fail to find fact that is uncontradicted; but failure of direct evidence to contradict is not sufficient. 72 C. 225; 74 C. 468; 76 C. 323; Id., 593; 102 C. 539; 108 C. 23. If subordinate facts fail legally or logically to support ultimate fact found, court may review decision; otherwise not. 83 C. 388; Id., 628; 84 C. 70; 85 C. 225; 84 C. 632; 88 C. 163; 107 C. 420, 422; 109 C. 494. Question is, did court commit error of law as to facts found. 80 C. 596. Court cannot review conclusion based on weight of evidence or credibility of witnesses. 79 C. 99; 84 C. 67. See notes to Conn. Const., Art. 2; Art. 5, Sec. 1. Cited. 185 C. 495. Cited. 192 C. 704. Cited. 194 C. 245. Cited. 199 C. 417. Cited. 202 C. 252. Cited. 219 C. 384. Cited. 223 C. 41. Cited. 224 C. 749. Cited. 225 C. 102. Cited. 227 C. 301. Cited. 228 C. 630. Cited. 230 C. 183. Cited. 235 C. 206. Trial court order precluding parties from filing any further motions regarding custody or visitation constitutes an appealable final judgment. 243 C. 380.

      Cited. 1 CA 5; Id., 7; Id., 9; Id., 10; Id., 11; Id., 14; Id., 17; Id., 20; Id., 30; Id., 38; Id., 40; Id., 48; Id., 54; Id., 58; Id., 72; Id., 78; Id., 84; Id., 90; Id., 93; Id., 96; Id., 99; Id., 109; Id., 119; Id., 120; Id., 123; Id., 138; Id., 150; Id., 154; Id., 158; Id., 160; Id., 162; Id., 165; Id., 169; Id., 172; Id., 176; Id., 184; Id., 188; Id., 195; Id., 207; Id., 219; Id., 224; Id., 226; Id., 228; Id., 239; Id., 249; Id., 253; Id., 256; Id., 260; Id., 264; Id., 275; Id., 282; Id., 291; Id., 298; Id., 303; Id., 310; Id., 315; Id., 329; Id., 337; Id., 341; Id., 344; Id., 349; Id., 351; Id., 356; Id., 366; Id., 368; Id., 371; Id., 397; Id., 400; Id., 409; Id., 417; Id., 421; Id., 422; Id., 433; Id., 454; Id., 463; Id., 481; Id., 489; Id., 496; Id., 501; Id., 505; Id., 529; Id., 535; Id., 550; Id., 566; Id., 576; Id., 578; Id., 584; Id., 595; Id., 604; Id., 609; Id., 621. Cited. 2 CA 4; Id., 17; Id., 24; Id., 27; Id., 36; Id., 43; Id., 49; Id., 54; Id., 58; Id., 68; Id., 87; Id., 89; Id., 98; Id., 103; Id., 110; Id., 114; Id., 119; Id., 127; Id., 132; Id., 141; Id., 152; Id., 160; Id., 165; Id., 167; Id., 174; Id., 179; Id., 213; Id., 225; Id., 239; Id., 246; Id., 261; Id., 264; Id., 266; Id., 270; Id., 275; Id., 278; Id., 279; Id., 282; Id., 290; Id., 294; Id., 302; Id., 303; Id., 308; Id., 315; Id., 322; Id., 333; Id., 342; Id., 345; Id., 346; Id., 348; Id., 351; Id., 355; Id., 374; Id., 377; Id., 380; Id., 400; Id., 413; Id., 416; Id., 430; Id., 438; Id., 439; Id., 448; Id., 449; Id., 456; Id., 460; Id., 465; Id., 468; Id., 472; Id., 485; Id., 489; Id., 494; Id., 515; Id., 523; Id., 530; Id., 537; Id., 543; Id., 551; Id., 573; Id., 579; Id., 590; Id., 600; Id., 605; Id., 622; Id., 635; Id., 650; Id., 660; Id., 663; Id., 680; Id., 683; Id., 686; Id., 688; Id., 692; Id., 696; Id., 697; Id., 701; Id., 712; Id., 715; Id., 729. Cited. 3 CA 1; Id., 10; Id., 25; Id., 34; Id., 40; Id., 74; Id., 106; Id., 111; Id., 137; Id., 148; Id., 172; Id., 214; Id., 222; Id., 230; Id., 249; Id., 250; Id., 268; Id., 277; Id., 284; Id., 289; Id., 310; Id., 317; Id., 322; Id., 339; Id., 346; Id., 353; Id., 359; Id., 403; Id., 459; Id., 510; Id., 522; Id., 590; Id., 644; Id., 650. Cited. 4 CA 58; Id., 514; Id., 519; Id., 541; Id., 575; Id., 611; Id., 672. Cited. 5 CA 29; Id., 288; Id., 488. Cited. 7 CA 217. Cited. 38 CA 546.

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 230 C. 335.

      Subsec. (b):

      Subdiv. (3) cited. 214 C. 146; 216 C. 282; Id., 699; 217 C. 243; 218 C. 349. Cited. Id., 714. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 766; 219 C. 93; Id., 605; 220 C. 345; Id., 796. Cited. 221 C. 315. Subdiv. (2) cited. Id., 331. Cited. Id., 430. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 643; 222 C. 506; Id., 556; 223 C. 127. Cited. Id., 207. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 273. Cited. Id., 535; Id., 635. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 674. Cited. 224 C. 63. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 168; Id., 325; Id., 372; Id., 397; Id., 445; 225 C. 55; Id., 114. Cited. Id., 270. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 347; Id., 450; Id., 519; Id., 609; 226 C. 237; Id., 618. Subdiv. (2) cited. Id., 757; Id., 773. Subdiv. (3) cited. 227 C. 1; Id., 101; Id., 153; Id., 207; Id., 231; Id., 417; Id., 448; Id., 456; Id., 677; Id., 711; Id., 751. Cited. 228 C. 62. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 118; Id., 281. Cited. Id., 412. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 582; 229 C. 125. Cited. Id., 328. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 557. Cited. Id., 664. Subdiv. (3) cited. 230 C. 43; Id., 351. Cited. 231 C. 43; Id., 115. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 235. Subdiv. (5) cited. Id., 602. Subdiv. (3) cited. 233 C. 1; Id., 106. Subdiv. (2) cited. Id., 437. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 813; 234 C. 381. Subdiv. (2) cited. Id., 455. Cited. Id., 683. Subdiv. (3) cited. 235 C. 145; Id., 274. Cited. Id., 595; Id., 671. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 748. Cited. Id., 802. Subdiv. (2) cited. Id., 865. Cited. 236 C. 31; Id., 112. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 189; Id., 388. Cited. Id., 514. Subdiv. (2) cited. Id., 781. Cited. 237 C. 284; Id., 390. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 518; 238 C. 253. Cited. Id., 313; Id., 389. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 588; 239 C. 427; Id., 481; 240 C. 210; 241 C. 1; Id., 322; Id., 665; Id., 702. Cited. 242 C. 93. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 318. Cited. Id., 445; Id., 505; Id., 605. Subdiv. (3) cited. Id., 666; 243 C. 205.

      Subdiv. (3) cited. 8 CA 177. Cited. 20 CA 470. Subdiv. (3) cited. 42 CA 348.

      Subsec. (c):

      Cited. 210 C. 597. Cited. 220 C. 61. Cited. 222 C. 216; Id., 374; Id., 380; Id., 699; Id., 730; Id., 784; Id., 793; Id., 799. Cited. 223 C. 1; Id., 22; Id., 31; Id., 68; Id., 80; Id., 152; Id., 155; Id., 243; Id., 336; Id., 354; Id., 376; Id., 384; Id., 419; Id., 436; Id., 573; Id., 595; Id., 777; Id., 786. Cited. 224 C. 6; Id., 8; Id., 23; Id., 29; Id., 44; Id., 82; Id., 96; Id., 106; Id., 110; Id., 124; Id., 133; Id., 145; Id., 152; Id., 210; Id., 219; Id., 231; Id., 263; Id., 313; Id., 382; Id., 426; Id., 483; Id., 524; Id., 543; 563; Id., 580; Id., 593; Id., 666; Id., 675; Id., 693; Id., 711; Id., 758; Id., 766; Id., 776; Id., 797; Id., 823. Cited. 225 C. 1; Id., 32; Id., 91; Id., 177; Id., 185; Id., 217; Id., 223; Id., 238; Id., 297; Id., 305; Id., 314; Id., 339; Id., 355; Id., 367; Id., 420; Id., 528; Id., 575; Id., 637; Id., 691; Id., 700; Id., 705; Id., 731; Id., 771. Cited. 226 C. 51; Id., 92; Id., 105; Id., 205; Id., 219; Id., 265; Id., 299; Id., 314; Id., 407; Id., 427; Id., 446; Id., 475; Id., 497; Id., 508; Id., 579; Id., 652; Id., 670; Id., 704; Id., 792; Id., 812; Id., 818. Cited. 227 C. 32; Id., 116; Id., 124; Id., 147; Id., 175; Id., 270; Id., 333; Id., 505; Id., 601; Id., 641; Id., 780; Id., 802; Id., 826; Id., 829; Id., 848. Cited. 228 C. 1; Id., 23; Id., 42; Id., 79; Id., 137; Id., 158; Id., 187; Id., 206; Id., 271; Id., 343; Id., 375; Id., 393; Id., 401; Id., 476; Id., 498; Id., 552; Id., 535; Id., 545; Id., 574; Id., 610; Id., 651; Id., 699; Id., 766; Id., 785. Cited. 229 C. 1; Id., 213; Id., 247; Id., 256; Id., 345; Id., 359; Id., 455; Id., 459; Id., 479; Id., 634; Id., 691; Id., 703; Id., 716; Id., 771; Id., 801; Id., 842. Cited. 230 C. 1; Id., 106; Id., 140; Id., 148; Id., 351; Id., 400; Id., 486; Id., 525; Id., 560; Id., 622; Id., 641; Id., 660; Id., 668; Id., 764; Id., 779; Id., 828. Cited. 231 C. 1; Id., 77; Id., 95; Id., 168; Id., 265; Id., 272; Id., 276; Id., 301; Id., 308; Id., 315; Id., 328; Id., 344; Id., 355; Id., 370; Id., 378; Id., 381; Id., 391; Id., 418; Id., 441; Id., 451; Id., 462; Id., 500; Id., 514; Id., 529; Id., 563; Id., 598; Id., 690; Id., 707; Id., 731; Id., 745; Id., 756. Cited. 232 C. 17; Id., 27; Id., 44; Id., 57; Id., 65; Id., 91; Id., 117; Id., 122; Id., 167; Id., 172; Id., 175; Id., 181; Id., 198; Id., 216; Id., 223; Id., 242; Id., 270; Id., 272; Id., 294; Id., 311; Id., 325; Id., 335; Id., 392; Id., 401; Id., 405; Id., 419; Id., 455; Id., 480; Id., 527; Id., 550; Id., 559; Id., 594; Id., 599; Id., 632; Id., 645; Id., 666; Id., 756. Cited. 233 C. 14; Id., 28; Id., 44; Id., 174; Id., 198; Id., 243; Id., 254; Id., 281; Id., 296; Id., 304; Id., 352; Id., 398; Id., 370; Id., 403; Id., 460; Id., 474; Id., 486; Id., 524; Id., 531; Id., 701; Id., 732. Cited. 234 C. 1; Id., 35; Id., 123; Id., 139; Id., 169; Id., 217; Id., 221; Id., 281; Id., 301; Id., 312; Id., 390; Id., 408; Id., 411; Id., 488; Id., 498; Id., 513; Id., 539; Id., 581; Id., 597; Id., 614; Id., 660; Id., 807; Id., 817. Cited. 235 C. 1; Id., 128; Id., 334; Id., 393; Id., 397; Id., 408; Id., 417; Id., 465; Id., 539; Id., 559; Id., 572; Id., 614; Id., 637; Id., 671; Id., 693; Id., 737; Id., 778; Id., 790; Id., 837; Id., 850. Cited. 236 C. 1; Id., 78; Id., 89; Id., 156; Id., 212; Id., 250; Id., 287; Id., 299; Id., 362; Id., 375; Id., 388; Id., 421; Id., 453; Id., 582; Id., 613; Id., 670; Id., 681; Id., 710; Id., 722; Id., 746; Id., 750; Id., 769; Id., 820; Id., 863. Cited. 237 C. 1; Id., 12; Id., 31; Id., 71; Id., 81; Id., 135; Id., 169; Id., 184; Id., 209; Id., 233; Id., 259; Id., 272; Id., 339; Id., 348; Id., 454; Id., 481; Id., 490; Id., 550; Id., 679. Cited. 238 C. 1; Id., 146; Id., 183; Id., 216; Id., 273; Id., 285; Id., 293; Id., 337; Id., 571; Id., 637; Id., 745; Id., 761; Id., 778; Id., 800; Id., 809; Id., 828; Id., 839. Cited. 239 C. 1; Id., 19; Id., 32; Id., 56; Id., 109; Id., 124; Id., 144; Id., 168; Id., 199; Id., 207; Id., 233; Id., 235; Id., 251; Id., 256; Id., 259; Id., 265; Id., 284; Id., 313; Id., 336; Id., 356; Id., 408; Id., 437; Id., 449; Id., 471; Id., 515; Id., 537; Id., 549; Id., 553; Id., 574; Id., 599; Id., 617; Id., 629; Id., 638; Id., 658; Id., 676; Id., 708; Id., 769; Id., 793; Id., 802. Cited. 240 C. 10; Id., 26; Id., 35; Id., 58; Id., 86; Id., 97; Id., 119; Id., 141; Id., 192; Id., 246; Id., 287; Id., 309; Id., 343; Id., 365; Id., 422; Id., 475; Id., 489; Id., 549; Id., 576; Id., 610; Id., 658; Id., 694; Id., 708; Id., 743; Id., 788; Id., 799. Cited. 241 C. 24; Id., 199; Id., 269; Id., 278; Id., 282; Id., 370; Id., 382; Id., 399; Id., 423; Id., 439; Id., 466; Id., 476; Id., 502; Id., 546; Id., 630; Id., 692; Id., 749; Id., 792. Cited. 242 C. 1; Id., 17; Id., 79; Id., 143; Id., 152; Id., 202; Id., 255; Id., 335; Id., 345; Id., 363; Id., 375; Id., 432; Id., 648; Id., 727; Id., 745. Cited. 243 C. 17; Id., 66; Id., 115; Id., 168; Id., 205. Supreme Court treated appeal from final judgment of trial court ordering new election as if it had been filed in Appellate Court and transferred it from that court pursuant to this Subsec. 250 C. 241.

      Cited. 8 CA 177; Id., 290. Cited. 45 CA 448. Cited. 46 CA 578; Id., 600; Id., 640; Id., 810.


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      Sec. 51-199a. Short title: Uniform Certification of Questions of Law Act. Section 51-199a is repealed, effective June 3, 1999.

      (P.A. 85-111, S. 1-9; P.A. 99-107, S. 14, 15.)

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      Sec. 51-199b. Uniform Certification of Questions of Law Act. (a) This section may be cited as the "Uniform Certification of Questions of Law Act".

      (b) As used in this section:

      (1) "State" means any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

      (2) "Tribe" means a tribe of Native Americans which is recognized by federal law.

      (c) The Supreme Court, on the motion of a party to pending litigation or its own motion, may certify a question of law to the highest court of another state or of a tribe if:

      (1) The pending cause involves a question to be decided under the law of the other jurisdiction;

      (2) The answer to the question may be determinative of an issue in the pending cause; and

      (3) The question is one for which no answer is provided by a controlling appellate decision, constitutional provision or statute of the other jurisdiction.

      (d) The Supreme Court may answer a question of law certified to it by a court of the United States or by the highest court of another state or of a tribe, if the answer may be determinative of an issue in pending litigation in the certifying court and if there is no controlling appellate decision, constitutional provision or statute of this state.

      (e) The court certifying a question of law to the Supreme Court shall issue a certification order and forward it to the Supreme Court. Before responding to a certified question, the Supreme Court may require the certifying court to deliver all or part of its record to the Supreme Court.

      (f) A certification order must contain:

      (1) The question of law to be answered;

      (2) The facts relevant to the question, showing fully the nature of the controversy out of which the question arose;

      (3) That the receiving court may reformulate the question; and

      (4) The names and addresses of counsel of record and unrepresented parties.

      (g) If the parties cannot agree upon a statement of facts, then the certifying court shall determine the relevant facts and shall state them as a part of its certification order.

      (h) The Supreme Court, acting as the receiving court, shall notify the certifying court of acceptance or rejection of the question, and in accordance with notions of comity and fairness, it shall respond to an accepted certified question as soon as practicable.

      (i) After the Supreme Court has accepted a certified question, proceedings in the Supreme Court are governed by the rules or statutes governing briefs, arguments and other appellate procedures. Procedures for certification from this state to a receiving court are those provided in the rules and statutes of the receiving forum.

      (j) The Supreme Court shall state in a written opinion the law answering the certified question and send a copy of the opinion to the certifying court, counsel of record and parties appearing without counsel.

      (k) The Supreme Court may reformulate a question certified to it.

      (l) Fees and costs are the same as in civil appeals docketed before the Supreme Court and shall be equally divided between the parties unless otherwise ordered by the certifying court in its order of certification.

      (m) If any provision of this section or its application to any person, court or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of this section which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application and to this end the provisions of this section are severable.

      (n) This section shall be construed to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those jurisdictions that enact it.

      (P.A. 99-107, S. 1-13, 15.)

      History: P.A. 99-107 effective June 3, 1999.

      Section does not provide Connecticut Supreme Court with the ability to review federal questions that are being litigated in the appropriate federal fora, even where claim involves free speech rights that may be coextensive under state and federal constitutions. 254 C. 799.

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      Sec. 51-200. Terms and special sessions. Terms of the Supreme Court shall be held at Hartford and the specific dates of such terms shall be posted on the Internet web site of the Judicial Branch. Special sessions may be held at any other time or place as fixed by rule of the judges or on call of the Chief Justice.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7675; P.A. 10-43, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 10-43 replaced provision re terms held on first Tuesday of each month except July, August and September with provision re specific dates of terms shall be posted on Internet web site of Judicial Branch, deleted requirement that term continue until business ready at its beginning is disposed of and replaced special "terms" with special "sessions".

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      Sec. 51-201. Chief clerk of the Supreme Court. The justices of the Supreme Court shall appoint a chief clerk of the Supreme Court who shall not be a chief clerk of any judicial district. The chief clerk of the Supreme Court shall also be the chief clerk of the Appellate Court.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7684; P.A. 82-248, S. 103; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29, S. 65, 82.)

      History: P.A. 82-248 substituted "judicial district" for "county"; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29 rewrote section, providing for appointment of a chief clerk of the supreme court by justices of the supreme court and providing that such chief clerk shall also be the chief clerk of the appellate court.

      Who are such clerks; duties. 70 C. 337. See note to Sec. 51-51v.

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      Sec. 51-202. Court docket. The chief clerk of the Supreme Court shall keep the docket of the Supreme Court. The chief clerk of the Appellate Court shall keep the docket of the Appellate Court.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7676; P.A. 78-280, S. 86, 127; P.A. 81-472, S. 150, 159; P.A. 82-248, S. 104; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29, S. 66, 82.)

      History: P.A. 78-280 substituted "judicial districts" for "counties" generally and "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" for "Hartford county" specifically, adding judicial districts of Ansonia-Milford, Waterbury and Danbury; P.A. 81-472 made technical changes; P.A. 82-248 rephrased section but made no substantive change; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29 deleted former provisions re clerk of the supreme court and court docket and added new provisions requiring chief clerk of the supreme court to keep docket of the supreme court and the appellate court.

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      Sec. 51-203. Assignment of cases. (a) Assignment of cases for hearing by the Supreme Court shall be made by the chief clerk of the Supreme Court, under the direction of the Chief Justice or an associate judge designated by the Chief Justice.

      (b) Assignments of cases for hearing by the Appellate Court shall be made by the chief clerk of the Appellate Court, under the direction of the Chief Judge or an Appellate Court judge designated by the Chief Judge.

      (c) Assignments shall ordinarily be made in the order in which cases stand upon the docket of cases ready to be heard; but counsel may, in writing and in the manner provided by the rules of the Supreme Court or Appellate Court, as the case may be, request a variation in such order. Assignments shall be made, so far as reasonably possible, in accordance with any such request or in a way which suits the convenience of counsel.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7677; P.A. 78-280, S. 6, 127; P.A. 82-248, S. 105; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29, S. 67, 82; P.A. 87-198, S. 5, 6; P.A. 10-43, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 78-280 substituted "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" for "Hartford county"; P.A. 82-248 made technical revision, rewording some provisions and dividing section into Subsecs., but made no substantive change; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29 added reference to clerk of supreme court for the judicial district of Hartford-New Britain to chief clerk of the supreme court, added provision re assignment of cases for hearing by appellate court in Subsec. (b) and added "of cases ready to be heard" in Subsec. (c); P.A. 87-198 substituted "chief judge" for "chief presiding judge"; P.A. 10-43 amended Subsec. (a) to delete "at the Supreme Court room in Hartford" and "on or before the Thursday preceding the beginning of each term, the day and hour to be fixed by rule of court", amended Subsec. (b) to delete "the day and hour to be fixed by rule of court" and amended Subsec. (c) to replace provision re counsel may by personal appearance or communication present stipulation or reason why regular order should be departed from with provision re counsel may request a variation in order and to replace "stipulation" with "request".

      Power of court under former statute to pass order in one district concerning appeal pending in another. 70 C. 500.

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      Sec. 51-204. Quorum; judges called in. Section 51-204 is repealed, effective October 1, 2010.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7678; P.A. 82-248, S. 106; P.A. 10-43, S. 43.)

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      Sec. 51-205. Judges released from judicial duties on Superior Court, exception. The judges of the Supreme Court shall be released from sitting on the Superior Court, except that the Chief Justice may assign any such judge to sit on the Superior Court whenever in his judgment the public business may require it.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7679; 1967, P.A. 656, S. 35; P.A. 78-280, S. 87, 127; P.A. 82-248, S. 107.)

      History: 1967 act deleted provision re release from doing circuit duty; P.A. 78-280 referred to judges' sitting on superior court rather than to their holding terms or sessions of court, reflecting fact that court now sits continuously; P.A. 82-248 reworded section but made no substantive change.

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      Sec. 51-206. Adjournment in absence of judges. Section 51-206 is repealed, effective October 1, 2010.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7680; P.A. 00-99, S. 106, 154; P.A. 01-195, S. 54, 181; P.A. 10-43, S. 43.)

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      Sec. 51-207. Composition of panel. Summoning of court members or other judges to constitute panel. (a) Each party in any case before the Supreme Court has a right to be heard by a panel consisting of five associate judges or the Chief Justice and four associate judges.

      (b) If any judge is disabled or if any judge is disqualified and the disqualification is not waived or if the business before the court requires it, the Chief Justice or, in the case of his or her disability or disqualification, the most senior associate judge qualified may summon the sixth or seventh member, or both, of the Supreme Court to constitute a panel. If a panel cannot be constituted from the seven members of the Supreme Court due to the disability or disqualification of one or more members, the Chief Justice or, in the case of his or her disability or disqualification, the most senior associate judge qualified may summon one or more judges of the Superior Court, including senior judges of the Supreme Court and judges and senior judges of the Appellate Court, to constitute a panel, who shall attend and act as judges of the Supreme Court for the time being.

      (c) The Chief Justice or any judge shall not sit to review a decision he or she made below.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7681; February, 1965, P.A. 252; 331, S. 27; P.A. 76-436, S. 10a, 108, 681; P.A. 82-248, S. 108; P.A. 87-508, S. 4, 10; 87-589, S. 42, 87; P.A. 06-152, S. 12; P.A. 10-43, S. 3.)

      History: 1965 acts specified that full court consist of five judges, added reference to sixth member and to summoning extra judge "if business before court requires it" and added provision re powers of chief justice or senior judge to summon chief court administrator to constitute a full court; P.A. 76-436 specified that summoning of chief court administrator to constitute full court depends on whether he is an associate judge of the supreme court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 82-248 made technical revision, rewording some provisions and dividing section into Subsecs., but made no substantive change; P.A. 87-508 added provision permitting full court to consist of six associate justices or the chief justice and five or six associate judges, upon order of the chief justice and added "or seventh" member "or both"; P.A. 87-589 made technical changes in Subsec. (b); P.A. 06-152 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing "senior judge" with "most senior associate judge", deleting "or one or more of the judges of the Superior Court", adding provision re summoning judges when full court cannot be constituted from seven members of Supreme Court and making a technical change, and amended Subsec. (c) by replacing "senior judge" with "most senior associate judge" and making technical changes, effective June 6, 2006; P.A. 10-43 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that each party has right to be heard by a panel, rather than a full court, rephrase provisions and delete provision re panel may consist of six associate judges or Chief Justice and five or six associate judges, amended Subsec. (b) to replace "If any judge is absent and such right is claimed" with "If any judge is disabled", delete provision re failure to waive absence of judge, replace "absence" with "disability", replace "present and qualified" with "qualified" and replace "full court" with "panel" and replaced former Subsec. (c) re summoning of Chief Court Administrator to constitute full court with new Subsec. (c) re prohibition on Chief Justice or any judge sitting to review decision he or she made below.

      Cited. 184 C. 21.

      Subsec. (b):

      Cited. 230 C. 183.


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      Sec. 51-208. Judgment by agreement of parties. When the parties in any action pending before the Supreme Court, or their attorneys, sign and file with the clerk an agreement as to the judgment which shall be rendered therein, the clerk may enter judgment in the action upon the written order of the Chief Justice or presiding judge of the Supreme Court.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7682; P.A. 82-248, S. 109.)

      History: P.A. 82-248 reworded section but made no substantive change.

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      Sec. 51-209. Majority of judges on panel to concur in decision. Procedure when court evenly divided. No ruling, judgment or decree of any court may be reversed, affirmed, sustained, modified or in any other manner affected by the Supreme Court or the Appellate Court unless a majority of the judges on the panel hearing the cause concur in the decision. No cause reserved, where no verdict has been rendered, judgment given or decree passed, shall be determined unless a majority of the judges on the panel hearing the cause concur in the decision. Whenever the Supreme Court is evenly divided as to the result, the court shall reconsider the case, with or without oral argument, with an odd number of judges. If the court reconsiders the case without oral argument, the judges who did not hear oral argument shall have available to them the electronic recording or transcript of the oral argument before participating in the decision. If a judge who is a member of a panel is not present for oral argument, the judge shall have available to him or her the electronic recording or transcript of the oral argument.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7683; P.A. 82-248, S. 110; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29, S. 68, 82; P.A. 10-43, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 82-248 substituted "may" for "shall"; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29 added reference to appellate court, added "affirmed, sustained, modified or in any manner affected", deleted language re equal division of judges and casting vote of the chief justice, and added language requiring a majority of judges to concur in decision and reargument before full panel when case argued before even number of judges and court is evenly divided as result; P.A. 10-43 provided that it is majority of judges on panel who must concur in decision, deleted provision requiring reargument before full panel when case is argued before even number of judges and court is evenly divided as to result, added provision requiring reconsideration, with or without oral argument, with odd number of judges when court evenly divided as to result, and added provisions re availability of electronic recording or transcript of oral argument.

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      Sec. 51-210. Costs of preparation and transmission of records in appealed cases. Any expense necessarily incurred by the clerk of the Superior Court in preparing copies of the files and records for transmittal to the Supreme Court or Appellate Court in any case appealed or on a writ of error from the Superior Court to the Supreme Court shall, when approved by the court, be taxed and paid in the same manner as other court expenses. The judges of the Supreme Court or the Appellate Court, as the case may be, may provide by rule that files and records in appeals or on writs of error be typewritten in appropriate cases.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7685; P.A. 76-436, S. 109, 681; P.A. 77-452, S. 16, 72; P.A. 78-280, S. 88, 127; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29, S. 40, 82.)

      History: P.A. 76-436 applied provisions specifically to superior court where previously applicable to any court and added provision re typewritten files and records, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-452 added general reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 78-280 deleted detailed provisions re transmission of copies of files and records from judgments rendered in specified counties, retaining general statements re expenses of preparing copies and typewritten files and records; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29 included reference to appellate court.

      Necessity of having all exhibits as well as all testimony printed in record where appeal is from directed verdict; effect of stipulation of counsel that exhibits need not be printed. 100 C. 277.

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      Sec. 51-211. Notice of decisions. The chief clerk of the Supreme Court or of the Appellate Court shall transmit a notice of the decision upon a motion or of an order to the clerk of the court from which the action proceeded and give notice to all counsel of record.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7686; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127; P.A. 82-248, S. 111; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29, S. 69, 82.)

      History: P.A. 78-280 substituted "judicial district" for "county"; P.A. 82-248 reworded section but made no substantive change; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29 rewrote section, deleting former provisions re clerk of the supreme court for each judicial district, and added provision requiring chief clerk of the supreme court or appellate court to transmit notice of decision upon a motion or order to clerk of court from which action proceeded and give notice to all counsel of record.

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