CHAPTER 881b
INFRACTIONS OF THE LAW

Table of Contents

Sec. 51-164m. Judges to establish schedule of fines.
Sec. 51-164n. Procedure upon summons for infraction or certain violations. Payment by mail. Procedure at trial.
Sec. 51-164o. Procedure for nonresidents.
Sec. 51-164p. Violations of municipal ordinances, regulations and bylaws.
Sec. 51-164q. Certain violations deemed infractions.
Sec. 51-164r. Failure to pay or plead.

      Sec. 51-164m. Judges to establish schedule of fines. (a) The judges of the Superior Court shall establish and maintain a schedule of fines to be paid for the violation of the sections of the general statutes deemed to be infractions. The judges of the Superior Court shall establish and maintain a separate sliding scale of fines for speeding infractions committed under section 14-219 with a minimum fine of fifty dollars and the fine increasing in proportion to the severity of the violation. The fines may be modified as the judges of the Superior Court deem advisable.

      (b) The judges of the Superior Court shall establish and maintain a schedule of fines to be paid for those violations of section 14-219 specified in subsection (e) of said section, with such fines increasing in proportion to the severity of the violation and for violations under subsection (b) of section 51-164n. The fines may be modified as the judges of the Superior Court deem advisable.

      (c) (1) Except as provided in subdivision (2) of this subsection, no fine established in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section may be less than thirty-five dollars or more than ninety dollars.

      (2) No fine established in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section for a violation of any provision of title 14 deemed an infraction may be less than fifty dollars or more than ninety dollars, except that fines established for parking tag violations may be less than fifty dollars.

      (d) No fine established in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of this section may be in an amount in excess of the maximum amount specified by statute for such violation.

      (e) Any infraction for which a fine has not been established pursuant to the provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall carry a fine of thirty-five dollars or, if the infraction is for a violation of any provision of title 14, fifty dollars, until such time as the judges of the Superior Court may establish a different fine for such infraction.

      (f) Any violation for which a fine has not been established pursuant to subsection (b) of this section shall carry a fine of one hundred dollars or the maximum fine specified by statute for such violation, whichever is less.

      (P.A. 75-577, S. 1, 126; P.A. 76-381, S. 4; 76-436, S. 39, 681; P.A. 77-340, S. 1; P.A. 79-534, S. 2; P.A. 80-276, S. 4, 6; P.A. 82-223, S. 1; 82-248, S. 81; P.A. 83-577, S. 7; P.A. 85-429, S. 2, 8; 85-446, S. 2, 6; P.A. 90-213, S. 9; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 73, 117; P.A. 93-141, S. 2; 93-307, S. 26, 34; P.A. 94-135, S. 6; P.A. 10-3, S. 52.)

      History: P.A. 76-381 reduced maximum fine from $100 to $99 in Subsec. (c); P.A. 76-436 amended section to transfer court of common pleas functions to superior court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-340 specified that superior court power begins as of July 1, 1978, and deleted reference to October 1, 1975, as initial deadline for establishing fine schedule in Subsec. (a); P.A. 79-534 reduced maximum fine in Subsec. (c) to $90 and added Subsec. (d) re $15 fines for infractions for which no other fine has been established pursuant to Subsec. (a); P.A. 80-276 required establishment of sliding scale of fines for speeding infractions in Subsec. (a); P.A. 82-223 provided for a minimum fine of $25 except for parking tag violations; P.A. 82-248 rephrased section and deleted provision re schedule of fines established by judges of the court of common pleas as obsolete; P.A. 83-577 raised minimum fine and fine for an infraction for which the judges have not established a fine from $25 to $35; P.A. 85-429 amended Subsec. (c), providing that fines for violations of the seat belt usage law may be less than $35; P.A. 85-446 deleted former Subsec. (b) which had required that fines for infractions be paid to clerk of superior court, relettering remaining Subsecs. accordingly, effective October 1, 1986; P.A. 90-213 inserted a new Subsec. (b) re the establishment, maintenance and modification of a schedule of fines for speeding violations specified in Sec. 14-219(e), relettering the remaining Subsecs. accordingly; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6 amended Subsec. (b) to add violations under Secs. 13b-404, 13b-404a and 13b-405, violations under regulations adopted under Sec. 13b-410, chapter 268 and Sec. 22a-250(a) and amended Subsec. (c) to add violations of Sec. 27-107; P.A. 93-141 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting reference to violations under Secs. 13b-404, 13b-404a and 13b-405, violations under regulations adopted pursuant to Sec. 13b-410, violations under chapter 268 and Sec. 22a-250(a) and added reference to violations under Sec. 51-164n(b) and amended Subsec. (c) by deleting reference to violations of Sec. 27-107; P.A. 93-307 would have amended Subsec. (b) by deleting references to Secs. 13b-404, 13b-404a and 13b-405 which were repealed by the same act, and substituting reference to Secs. 13b-410a to 13b-410c, inclusive, but failed to take effect, since P.A. 93-141 took precedence, effective June 29, 1993; P.A. 94-135 inserted new Subsec. (d) limiting amount of fine to maximum amount specified by statute for such violation, relettered former Subsec. (d) as (e) and added Subsec. (f) re amount of fine not established pursuant to Subsec. (b) of section; P.A. 10-3 amended Subsec. (a) to rephrase provisions and increase minimum fine for speeding infractions from $35 to $50, amended Subsec. (c) to insert Subdivs. (1) and (2) designators, add exception re Subdiv. (2) and make a technical change in Subdiv. (1), add in Subdiv. (2) provision that no fine for violation of any provision of title 14 may be less than $50 or more than $90, provide in Subdiv. (2) that fines for parking tag violations may be less than $50, rather than less than $35, and delete in Subdiv. (2) exception to minimum fine amount for violations of Sec. 14-100a(c) and amended Subsec. (e) to provide interim fine of $50 for infraction that is violation of any provision of title 14, effective April 14, 2010.

      Cited. 215 C. 82.

      Cited. 9 CA 686.

      Subsec. (b):

      Cited. 217 C. 73.

      Subsec. (c):

      Cited. 5 CA 434.

      Cited. 37 CS 693.


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      Sec. 51-164n. Procedure upon summons for infraction or certain violations. Payment by mail. Procedure at trial. (a) There shall be a Centralized Infractions Bureau of the Superior Court to handle payments or pleas of not guilty with respect to the commission of infractions and violations under subsection (b) of this section. Except as provided in section 51-164o, any person who is alleged to have committed an infraction or a violation under subsection (b) of this section may plead not guilty or pay the established fine and any additional fee or cost for the infraction or such violation.

      (b) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, any person who is alleged to have committed (1) a violation under the provisions of section 1-9, 1-10, 1-11, 4b-13, 7-13, 7-14, 7-35, 7-41, 7-83, 7-283, 7-325, 7-393, 8-25, 8-27, 9-63, 9-296, 9-305, 9-322, 9-350, 10-193, 10-197, 10-198, 10-230, 10-251, 10-254, 12-52, 12-170aa, 12-292 or 12-326g, subdivision (4) of section 12-408, subdivision (3), (5) or (6) of section 12-411, section 12-435c, 12-476a, 12-476b, 12-487, 13a-71, 13a-107, 13a-113, 13a-114, 13a-115, 13a-117b, 13a-123, 13a-124, 13a-139, 13a-140, 13a-143b, 13a-247 or 13a-253, subsection (f) of section 13b-42, section 13b-90, 13b-221, 13b-292, 13b-336, 13b-337, 13b-338, 13b-410a, 13b-410b or 13b-410c, subsection (a), (b) or (c) of section 13b-412, section 13b-414, subsection (d) of section 14-12, section 14-20a or 14-27a, subsection (e) of section 14-34a, subsection (d) of section 14-35, section 14-43, 14-49, 14-50a or 14-58, subsection (b) of section 14-66, section 14-66a, 14-66b or 14-67a, subsection (g) of section 14-80, subsection (f) of section 14-80h, section 14-97a, 14-100b, 14-103a, 14-106a, 14-106c, 14-146, 14-152, 14-153 or 14-163b, a first violation as specified in subsection (f) of section 14-164i, section 14-219 as specified in subsection (e) of said section, subdivision (1) of section 14-223a, section 14-240, 14-249, 14-250 or 14-253a, subsection (a) of section 14-261a, section 14-262, 14-264, 14-267a, 14-269, 14-270, 14-275a, 14-278 or 14-279, subsection (e) of section 14-283, section 14-291, 14-293b, 14-296aa, 14-319, 14-320, 14-321, 14-325a, 14-326, 14-330 or 14-332a, subdivision (1), (2) or (3) of section 14-386a, section 15-33, subsection (a) of section 15-115, section 16-256, 16-256e, 16a-15 or 16a-22, subsection (a) or (b) of section 16a-22h, section 17a-24, 17a-145, 17a-149, 17a-152, 17a-465, 17a-642, 17b-124, 17b-131, 17b-137 or 17b-734, subsection (b) of section 17b-736, section 19a-30, 19a-33, 19a-39 or 19a-87, subsection (b) of section 19a-87a, section 19a-91, 19a-105, 19a-107, 19a-215, 19a-219, 19a-222, 19a-224, 19a-286, 19a-287, 19a-297, 19a-301, 19a-309, 19a-335, 19a-336, 19a-338, 19a-339, 19a-340, 19a-425, 19a-502, 20-7a, 20-14, 20-158, 20-231, 20-257, 20-265 or 20-324e, section 20-341l, 20-597, 20-608, 20-610, 21-30, 21-38, 21-39, 21-43, 21-47, 21-48, 21-63, 21-76a, 21a-21, 21a-25, 21a-26 or 21a-30, subsection (a) of section 21a-37, section 21a-46, 21a-61, 21a-63 or 21a-77, subsection (b) of section 21a-79, section 21a-85, 21a-154, 21a-159, 22-13, 22-14, 22-15, 22-16, 22-29, 22-34, 22-35, 22-36, 22-38, 22-39, 22-39a, 22-39b, 22-39c, 22-39d, 22-39e, 22-49, 22-54, 22-61, 22-89, 22-90, 22-98, 22-99, 22-100, 22-111o, 22-279, 22-280a, 22-318a, 22-320h, 22-324a, 22-326 or 22-342, subsection (b) or (e) of section 22-344, section 22-359, 22-366, 22-391, 22-413, 22-414, 22-415, 22a-66a or 22a-246, subsection (a) of section 22a-250, subsection (e) of section 22a-256h, section 22a-381d, 22a-449, 22a-461, 23-37, 23-38, 23-46 or 23-61b, subsection (a) or (b) of section 23-65, section 25-37, 25-40, 26-19, 26-21, 26-31, 26-40, 26-40a, 26-49, 26-54, 26-59, 26-61, 26-64, 26-79, 26-89, 26-97, 26-107, 26-117, 26-128, 26-131, 26-132, 26-138, 26-141, 26-207, 26-215, 26-224a, 26-227, 26-230, 26-294, 28-13, 29-6a, 29-109, 29-143o, 29-143z or 29-156a, subsection (b), (d), (e) or (g) of section 29-161q, section 29-161y, 29-161z, 29-198, 29-210, 29-243, 29-277, subsection (c) of section 29-291c, section 29-316, 29-318, 29-381, 30-48a, 30-86a, 31-3, 31-10, 31-11, 31-12, 31-13, 31-14, 31-15, 31-16, 31-18, 31-23, 31-24, 31-25, 31-28, 31-32, 31-36, 31-38, 31-38a, 31-40, 31-44, 31-47, 31-48, 31-51, 31-51k, 31-52, 31-52a or 31-54, subsection (a) or (c) of section 31-69, section 31-70, 31-74, 31-75, 31-76, 31-76a, 31-89b or 31-134, subsection (i) of section 31-273, section 31-288, 36a-787, 42-230, 45a-450, 45a-634 or 45a-658, subdivision (13) or (14) of section 46a-54, section 46a-59, 46b-22, 46b-24, 46b-34, 46b-38dd*, 46b-38gg*, 46b-38kk*, 47-34a, 47-47, 49-8a, 49-16 or 53-133, or section 53-212a, 53-249a, 53-252, 53-264, 53-302a, 53-303e, 53-311a, 53-321, 53-322, 53-323, 53-331, 53-344 or 53-450, or (2) a violation under the provisions of chapter 268, or (3) a violation of any regulation adopted in accordance with the provisions of section 12-484, 12-487 or 13b-410, or (4) a violation of any ordinance, regulation or bylaw of any town, city or borough, except violations of building codes and the health code, for which the penalty exceeds ninety dollars but does not exceed two hundred fifty dollars, unless such town, city or borough has established a payment and hearing procedure for such violation pursuant to section 7-152c, shall follow the procedures set forth in this section.

      (c) If any person who is alleged to have committed an infraction or any violation specified in subsection (b) of this section elects to pay the fine and any additional fees or costs established for such infraction or violation, he shall send payment, by mail or otherwise, to the Centralized Infractions Bureau, made payable to the "clerk of the Superior Court". Such payment shall be considered a plea of nolo contendere and shall be inadmissible in any proceeding, civil or criminal, to establish the conduct of the person, provided the provisions of this section and section 51-164m shall not affect the application of any administrative sanctions by either the Commissioner of Environmental Protection authorized under title 26 or the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles authorized under title 14, except that no points shall be assessed by the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles against the operator's license of such person for such infraction or violation. The Judicial Department shall provide notice of the provisions of this subsection to law enforcement agencies and direct each law enforcement agency issuing a complaint to provide such notice to any person who is alleged to have committed a motor vehicle infraction or violation at the time a complaint alleging such conduct is issued to such person.

      (d) If the person elects to plead not guilty, he shall send the plea of not guilty to the Centralized Infractions Bureau. The bureau shall send such plea and request for trial to the clerk of the geographical area where the trial is to be conducted. Such clerk shall advise such person of a date certain for a hearing.

      (e) A summons for the commission of an infraction or of a violation specified in subsection (b) of this section shall not be deemed to be an arrest and the commission of an infraction or of any such violation shall not be deemed to be an offense within the meaning of section 53a-24.

      (f) The provisions of this section shall apply to the alleged commission of an infraction or a violation specified in subsection (b) of this section by a minor but, in a case involving a minor, a parent or guardian shall sign any plea of nolo contendere or of not guilty on any summons form issued in connection with the matter.

      (g) In any trial for the alleged commission of an infraction, the practice, procedure, rules of evidence and burden of proof applicable in criminal proceedings shall apply. Any person found guilty at the trial or upon a plea shall be guilty of the commission of an infraction and shall be fined not less than thirty-five dollars or more than ninety dollars or, if the infraction is for a violation of any provision of title 14, not less than fifty dollars or more than ninety dollars.

      (h) In any trial for the alleged commission of a violation specified in subsection (b) of this section, the practice, procedure, rules of evidence and burden of proof applicable in criminal proceedings shall apply. Any person found guilty at the trial or upon a plea shall be guilty of the commission of a violation and shall be fined not more than the statutory amount applicable to such violation.

      (P.A. 75-577, S. 2, 126; P.A. 76-436, S. 40, 681; P.A. 77-340, S. 2; P.A. 79-534, S. 3; P.A. 82-223, S. 2; 82-248, S. 82; P.A. 83-577, S. 8; P.A. 85-446, S. 3, 6; P.A. 90-213, S. 10; P.A. 92-256, S. 3; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 74, 117; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-11, S. 50, 70; P.A. 93-141, S. 3; 93-307, S. 27, 34; P.A. 94-135, S. 7; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1, S. 96, 130; P.A. 95-93, S. 2; 95-119, S. 1; 95-221, S. 2, 4; 95-264, S. 67; P.A. 96-167, S. 40; 96-257, S. 3; 96-259, S. 10; P.A. 97-40, S. 4; P.A. 98-69, S. 13, 14; P.A. 99-23, S. 1; 99-163, S. 8; 99-194, S. 27; 99-255, S. 4; 99-268, S. 31, 46; P.A. 00-92, S. 14; 00-148, S. 19; 00-169, S. 22, 36; P.A. 01-186, S. 5; P.A. 02-89, S. 80; 02-103, S. 36; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-1, S. 116; P.A. 03-136, S. 9; 03-202, S. 12; 03-267, S. 5; P.A. 04-127, S. 7; P.A. 05-10, S. 21; 05-152, S. 5; 05-159, S. 8; 05-175, S. 22; P.A. 06-185, S. 8; P.A. 07-52, S. 2; 07-167, S. 44; P.A. 08-73, S. 13; 08-150, S. 33; P.A. 09-7, S. 5; 09-52, S. 5; 09-177, S. 19; P.A. 10-3, S. 53; 10-36, S. 8.)

      *Note: Sections 46b-38dd, 46b-38gg and 46b-38kk were repealed effective October 1, 2010, by section 21 of public act 09-13.


      History: P.A. 76-436 required that fine be paid to superior court clerk rather than to common pleas court clerk, reflecting transfer of common pleas court functions to superior court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-340 specified maximum fine as $99 rather than as "the amount established for such infraction" in Subsec. (b); P.A. 79-534 added references to additional fees and made minor changes in wording in Subsec. (a) and reduced maximum fine in Subsec. (b) to $90; P.A. 82-223 amended Subsec. (b) to establish a minimum fine of $25; P.A. 82-248 reworded section but made no substantive change; P.A. 83-577 amended Subsec. (b) to increase the minimum fine from $25 to $35; P.A. 85-446 created centralized infractions bureau and revised procedure re payments or pleas of not guilty with respect to the commission of infractions accordingly, effective October 1, 1986; P.A. 90-213 made provisions of section applicable where appropriate to the commission of violations of Sec. 14-219 specified in Sec. 14-219(e); P.A. 92-256 amended Subsec. (b) to add provision prohibiting the assessment of points against the operator's license of such person for such infraction or specified violation of Sec. 14-219; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to add violations under Secs. 12-487, 13b-404, 13b-404a and 13b-405, violations under regulations adopted under Secs. 12-484, 12-487 and 13b-410, chapter 268 and Sec. 22a-250(a) and amended Subsecs. (b) and (e) to make technical changes; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-11 changed effective date of P.A. 92-256 but did not affect the date applicable to this section; P.A. 93-141 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting reference to violations under Secs. 12-487, 13b-404, 13b-404a and 13b-405, violations under regulations adopted pursuant to Sec. 12-484, 12-487 or 13b-410, violations of Sec. 14-219(e), violations under chapter 268 and Sec. 22a-250(a) and adding reference to violations under Subsec. (b) of this section and inserted new Subsec. (b) re violations which shall be treated in the same manner as infractions, relettering former Subsecs. (b) to (f) accordingly (Revisor's note: References to Secs. 13b-404, 13b-404a and 13b-405 in new Subsec. (b) were deleted editorially by the Revisors to reflect the repeal of those sections by P.A. 93-307); P.A. 93-307 would have amended Subsec. (a) by deleting references to Secs. 13b-404, 13b-404a and 13b-405 which were repealed by the same act, and substituting references to Secs. 13b-410a to 13b-410c, inclusive, but P.A. 93-141 took precedence, effective June 29, 1993; P.A. 94-135 amended Subsec. (b) by adding reference to Secs. 13b-410a, 13b-410b and 13b-410c and added Subsec. (h) re practice, procedure, rules of evidence and burden of proof re trial of alleged commission of violation and fine for person guilty of violation; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1 amended Subsec. (b) by making technical change, substituting "12-326g" for "32-326g", effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-93 amended Subsec. (b) to add violations under Sec. 29-341; P.A. 95-119 amended Subsec. (b) to add a number of fish and game violations to the list of violations to be handled as infractions and amended Subsec. (c) to provide that the provisions of this section shall not affect application of administrative sanctions by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection; P.A. 95-221 amended Subsec. (c) to replace "the person" with "any person who is alleged to have committed an infraction or any violation specified in subsection (b) of this section", replace "fee" with "fees or costs", provide that no points shall be assessed for such "violation", referring to any violation of Subsec. (b) of this section, rather than only for a "specified violation of section 14-219", add provision requiring notice of the provisions of this subsection be given to law enforcement agencies and persons alleged to have committed a motor vehicle infraction or violation and make technical changes, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-264 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), deleting reference to repealed Secs. 20-181 and 20-182; P.A. 96-167 amended Subsec. (b) to add violations under Sec. 14-34a(e); P.A. 96-257 amended Subsec. (b) to specify Subsec. (c) as applicable provision of Sec. 14-100a; P.A. 96-259 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting reference to Sec. 21a-20 which was repealed by the same act; P.A. 97-40 amended Subsec. (b) by adding reference to Secs. 14-267a, 14-269 and 14-270; P.A. 98-69 authorized deletion of reference to Sec. 22-118i in Subsec. (b) by the revisors, since Sec. 22-118i was repealed by the act; P.A. 99-23 amended Subsec. (b) to delete reference to Sec. 21a-78; P.A. 99-163 authorized the Revisors to delete reference to Sec. 29-118 in Subsec. (b), since Sec. 29-118 was repealed by the act; P.A. 99-194 amended Subsec. (b) to delete reference to Sec. 21a-60; P.A. 99-255 amended Subsec. (b) to include a violation under Sec. 14-227a(b); P.A. 99-268 amended Subsec. (b) by adding a reference to a first violation as specified in Sec. 14-164i(f), effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-92 deleted references to Secs. 22-379 and 22-380 in Subsec. (b); P.A. 00-148 amended Subsec. (b) by adding references to Secs. 14-262 and 14-264; P.A. 00-169 revised effective date of P.A. 99-268 but without affecting this section; P.A. 01-186 amended Subsec. (b) by eliminating reference to "subsection (c) of section 14-100a"; P.A. 02-89 amended Subsec. (b) to delete references to Secs. 7-18, 7-104, 13b-224, 19a-108, 21a-31, 22-123, 26-221, 26-222, 26-234, 26-267, 26-269, 44-3 and 53-301, reflecting the repeal of said sections by the same public act; P.A. 02-103 made technical changes in Subsec. (b); May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-1 amended Subsec. (b) to delete reference to Sec. 14-227a(b), effective July 1, 2002; P.A. 03-136 amended Subsec. (b) to make a technical change and include reference to Sec. 22a-381d(a), effective June 26, 2003; P.A. 03-202 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing reference to Sec. 31-273(g) with reference to Sec. 31-273(i) and making technical changes; P.A. 03-267 amended Subsec. (b) to delete references to Secs. 17b-407 and 17b-451; P.A. 04-127 amended Subsec. (b) by adding reference to Sec. 14-80(g); P.A. 05-10 amended Subsec. (b) to add references to Secs. 46b-38dd, 46b-38gg and 46b-38kk; P.A. 05-152 amended Subsec. (b) by adding reference to Sec. 14-223a(1); P.A. 05-159 added reference to Sec. 14-296aa in Subsec. (b); P.A. 05-175 deleted reference in Subsec. (b) to Sec. 22-37, repealed by the same act, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-185 added Subsec. (b)(4) re violation of municipal ordinance, regulation or bylaw with penalty between $90 and $250; P.A. 07-52 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by adding reference to Sec. 14-253a; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by deleting reference to Sec. 14-261a(b) and (c); P.A. 08-73 amended Subsec. (b) to include a violation of Sec. 29-156a or Subsec. (b), (d), (e) or (g) of Sec. 29-161q; P.A. 08-150 amended Subsec. (b) to delete reference to Sec. 53-211(a) or (b); P.A. 09-7 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective May 4, 2009; P.A. 09-52 amended Subsec. (b) to replace reference to Sec. 22a-381d(a) with reference to Sec. 22a-381d, effective July 1, 2009; P.A. 09-177 amended Subsec. (b) to add reference to Sec. 29-291c(c) and delete reference to Sec. 29-341; P.A. 10-3 amended Subsec. (g) to provide that if infraction is for title 14 violation, fine shall be not less than $50 or more than $90, effective April 14, 2010; P.A. 10-36 amended Subsec. (b) to delete reference to Sec. 20-341(a), effective July 1, 2010.

      Cited. 30 CA 45.

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 189 C. 611.

      Cited. 1 CA 517.

      Subsec. (b):

      Cited. 12 CA 481.

      Subsec. (d):

      Cited. 9 CA 686.

      Subsec. (e):

      Cited. 41 CA 779.

      Subsec. (f):

      Cited. 12 CA 481. Cited. 22 CA 207.


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      Sec. 51-164o. Procedure for nonresidents. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, a nonresident of the state, if summoned for allegedly having committed an infraction, shall be required to post a cash bond or a guaranteed bail bond certificate, as provided in section 14-140a, with the local or state police issuing the summons and shall not be permitted to plead or pay by mail as provided in section 51-164n.

      (b) If the nonresident is alleged to have committed an infraction involving a motor vehicle or a violation of section 14-219 specified in subsection (e) of said section and is a resident of a state which has reciprocity with the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles in this state with respect to suspension of operator's licenses, the nonresident may plead or pay by mail as provided in section 51-164n and shall not be required to post a bond as provided in subsection (a) of this section.

      (c) The amount of any bond required by this section shall be the amount of the fine, any additional fee established for the infraction alleged to have been committed, any cost established for the infraction or a violation of section 14-219 specified in subsection (e) of said section as provided in subsection (b) of section 54-143 and section 54-143a and any additional amount calculated in accordance with the percentage increases set forth in section 13b-70 and rounded off to the next highest dollar. The total amount of any such forfeited bond shall be deposited in the General Fund as one undifferentiated lump sum amount or deposited in the Special Transportation Fund as one undifferentiated lump sum amount as may be required by statute.

      (P.A. 75-577, S. 5, 126; P.A. 79-534, S. 4; P.A. 80-276, S. 5, 6; 80-483, S. 182, 186; P.A. 81-472, S. 112, 159; P.A. 82-248, S. 83; P.A. 84-313, S. 2; P.A. 88-103, S. 2, 4; P.A. 89-219, S. 9, 10; P.A. 90-213, S. 11.)

      History: P.A. 79-534 added reference to additional fees; P.A. 80-276 added proviso requiring that bond for person who allegedly committed an infraction under Sec. 14-219 shall include $10 cost imposed by Sec. 54-143(b); P.A. 80-483 amended proviso added by P.A. 80-276 to replace $10 cost with $15 cost; P.A. 81-472 made technical changes; P.A. 82-248 made technical revision, rewording some provisions and dividing section into Subsecs. but made no substantive change; P.A. 84-313 amended Subsec. (c) by replacing provision that amount of bond for person who committed an infraction or a violation of Sec. 14-219 shall also include a cost of $15 imposed by Subsec. (b) of Sec. 54-143 with provision that amount of bond includes any cost established for the infraction as provided in Subsec. (b) of Sec. 54-143 and Sec. 54-143a; P.A. 88-103 amended Subsec. (c) by requiring the total amount of any forfeited bond to be deposited in general fund as undifferentiated lump sum or deposited in special transportation fund as undifferentiated lump sum as may be required by statute; P.A. 89-219 amended Subsec. (c) by requiring the amount of the bond to include any additional amount calculated in accordance with the percentage increases set forth in Sec. 13b-70 and rounded off to the next highest dollar; P.A. 90-213 amended Subsec. (b) to make provisions applicable to a nonresident alleged to have committed "a violation of section 14-219 specified in subsection (e) of said section 14-219" and amended Subsec. (c) to include in the amount of the bond any cost established for "a violation of section 14-219 specified in subsection (e) of section 14-219".

      Cited. 24 CA 195.

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      Sec. 51-164p. Violations of municipal ordinances, regulations and bylaws. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of any special act, local law or the general statutes to the contrary, any violation of any ordinance, regulation or bylaw of any town, city or borough, except violations of building codes and the health code, for which the penalty does not exceed ninety dollars shall be an infraction as provided for in sections 51-164m and 51-164n.

      (b) Notwithstanding any provision of any special act, local law or the general statutes, any violation of any ordinance, regulation or bylaw of any town, city or borough, except violations of building codes and the health code, for which the penalty exceeds ninety dollars but does not exceed two hundred fifty dollars shall be a violation as provided for in sections 51-164m and 51-164n.

      (P.A. 75-577, S. 9, 126; P.A. 80-483, S. 133, 186; P.A. 06-185, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 80-483 specified that violations with penalties not exceeding $90, rather than $100, are infractions; P.A. 06-185 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re violation of municipal ordinance, regulation or bylaw with penalty between $90 and $250.

      Cited. 9 CA 686.

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      Sec. 51-164q. Certain violations deemed infractions. Section 51-164q is repealed.

      (P.A. 75-577, S. 124, 126; P.A. 79-534, S. 7; P.A. 82-223, S. 30.)

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      Sec. 51-164r. Failure to pay or plead. (a) Any person charged with an infraction who fails to pay the fine and any additional fee imposed or send in his plea of not guilty by the answer date or wilfully fails to appear for any scheduled court appearance date which may be required shall be guilty of a class C misdemeanor.

      (b) Any person charged with any violation specified in subsection (b) of section 51-164n who fails to pay the fine and any additional fee imposed or send in his plea of not guilty by the answer date or wilfully fails to appear for any scheduled court appearance date which may be required shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

      (P.A. 76-381, S. 2; P.A. 79-534, S. 5; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 75, 117; P.A. 93-141, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 79-534 added reference to additional fees; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6 added new Subsec. (b) to provide that failure to pay fines and additional fees pursuant to Sec. 51-164n or submit a not guilty plea by the answer date or appear for any trial is guilty of a class A misdemeanor; P.A. 93-141 added "wilfully fails" before "to appear" and changed "trial" to "scheduled court appearance".

      Cited. 8 CA 542.

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